United Kingdom of the Netherlands
After the Dutch overthrew Napoleon's rule, they made a deal with the British that they would get back the southern provinces (Austrian Netherlands) so it would create a strong buffer zone, the British kept Cape Colony and Dutch Ceylon.
Belgium short independence
The huge differences that were made in the southern provinces when not under Dutch rule made their relationship harder. The Belgians fought for independence and gained it, but the Dutch didn't want to lose the land. The Dutch asked for unification but more in line of the UK and less like one whole country. The Belgians excepted under the line that Belgium would have it's own leader. The Dutch agreed.
Luxembourgian civil war
Luxembourg had its internal problems. one side wanted independence from the Dutch, the others wanted to stay. After a bloody civil war, the Dutch came to stop the war. They set up a puppet government which was with the Dutch. In 1870 they gained their own government and became a constitutional monarchy in the kingdom.
Even though Luxembourg had its own government, it was still tied to the Dutch and seeing how economically great the Dutch and Belgians were doing, they decided to enter the union. This made The United Kingdom of the Benelux.
|Kingdom of the Netherlands||Overseas "gemeentes" Aruba, Curacao, Sint Maarten||396|
|Kingdom of Belgium||commonwealth with Congo and Ruanda-Urundi||363|
|kingdom of Luxembourg||194|
| The following paragraph: Relations is under construction.
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