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Kingdom of BavariaTimeline: The Once and Never Kings
OTL equivalent: Bavaria
Location of Bavaria in green.
|Government||Unitary Constitutional Monarchy|
|-||Wittelsbach inheritance of Bavaria.||1180|
|-||Bavaria raised to kingdom and electorate.||1851|
The Kingdom of Bavaria, Bavaria, is a unitary constitutional monarchy in southeastern Germany, in the Holy Roman Empire. It borders many Imperial states, including Passau, Burgau, Ansbach, Bayreuth, and Salzburg, among others.
Bavaria was established as a larger stem duchy of the Kingdom of Germany in 907, though the Bavarii tribes inhabited the region and had several states in the region prior. The stem duchy originally administered modern day Austria, but its lands were lost to split inheritance and conquest.
Holland would be split away, and eventually inherited by the Luxembourgs. Brandenburg would be bought directly by that same family after years of lackluster rule. Bavaria and the Palatinate would separate in the mid fourteenth century. Bavaria itself would be snubbed for an electorate in favor of the Palatinate, who was determined to be the "senior" branch.
Bavaria escaped the religious clashes that plagued northern Germany, remaining a solidly Catholic state. It would aid the Catholic armies in both the Schmalkaldic War and the Forty Years War. But these involvements would only bring devastation to the Bavarian countryside. Ingolstadt would be sacked during the Schmalkaldic War, then both it and Landshut were looted and burned in the Forty Years War.
Bavaria itself would be divided into four cadet duchies: Bayern-Ingolstadt, Bayern-Munchen, Bayern-Lanshut, and Bayern-Staubing. The four separated families would clash as successive dukes fought to establish their own dominance. It would be Bayern-Munchen, however, under the 1697-1742 rule of the charismatic Duke Rudolph III that finally united the disparate duchies in the lengthy Bavarian Unification Wars.
Rudolph III immediately abolished the separate ducal titles, consolidating and centralizing the state around Munich. He also managed to get the Holy Roman Emperor, the Habsburg Rudolph II, to declare Bavaria inseparable, similar to the privileges of the electors.
Rudolphs grandson, Joseph III, however would die without heirs. His cousins, the Wittelsbachs in the Palatinate, looked to secure Bavaria for them, but was contested by King Frederick II of Prussia. A timely alliance with fellow Catholic Austria kept the war from Bavarian soil, and victories in Bohemia and Silesia won the war for the Wittelsbachs. As a compromise however, as states like Württemberg were expressing concerns with the union, Count Palatine Ferdinand IX gave Bavaria to his third son, Francis.
Bavaria only joined the Napoleonic Wars during the War of the Fourth Coalition, in 1854. As retaliation, Napoleone Bounaparte invaded it and the other new German members of the Coalition, aided by his Francian puppets. Bavaria would escape concessions, though swaths of the Swiss and Rhineland states were annexed by Bounaparte. Bavarian troops were eventually part of the allied army that marched on Florence in 1862 and ended his rule.
Bavaria was raised to a Kingdom and a (long overdue, some would say) electorate as a reward for its service. As Bavaria was one of the German states that rejected Lutheranism, Bavaria joined the Catholic Bloc of the electors.
Bavaria is a unitary monarchy divided into 59 urban and rural districts. It has a bicameral legislature who wields most of the power. The monarch, currently the teenage Otto XII, holds little real power, other than his electoral vote and the appointment of the Chancellor (the latter of which needs approval from the legislature),