Battle of Srem (A Federation of Equals)
Part of Krakovian War (A Federation of Equals)
Date January 6-9, 1851
Location Lubonieczek, Poland
Result Prussian Victory
Kingdom of Prussia Russian Empire
Commanders and leaders
Albert Ferdinand Adolf Karl Friedrich von Bonin Pyotr Gorchako
4000 7000
Casualties and losses
600 1700

 The Battle of Srem, or logistically, the Battle of Lubonieczek was a minor military engagement during the Krakovian War, widely regarded as the turning point in the conflict. It took place on the sixth of January, and continued for three days, as a forward Prussian unit attempted to prevent a Imperial Battalion from entering into the Srem, five miles west of Lubonieczek. The outnumbered Prussian division, led by Generalfeldmarschall Albert Ferdinand Adolf Karl Friedrich von Bonin, managed to defeat the Russian force and turn the course of the offensive. 

Prussian Intervention 

The Danubian defeat, delivered at the Battle of Bielsko, prompted the King of Prussia to intervene, due to concerns about Russian Hegemony over Eastern Europe, and the aggressive nature of the advancing armies. Fredrick William IV, provided nearly 150,000 soldiers to confront the Imperial Army on the eastern front, however, the surprising advance of Prince Pyotr Dmitrievich Gorchakov prompted Fredrick to rush soldiers into Prussian Poland. Albert von Bonin, commanded only 10,000 Prussian soldiers which he dispersed across the east to maintain control over urban populations. 

Russian Advance

Bonin was left with 4000 soldiers under his direct authority, whilst Pyotr was advancing through central Poland with 10,000, a portion of which was directed to grasp the urban centers; many of which were defended by Bonin's dispersed units. Albert, fearing that the Prussian Army was lagging behind, whilst the bulk of the Russians, numbering in the tens of thousands, had just amassed in Warsaw, drew the line of advance at Srem. Srem was under two-hundred miles from Berlin, and many Junkers criticized this motion, citing its nearness to the capital of Berlin. Nonetheless, Albert maintained his plan; fortifying the Jezioro Racyskie lake, on the eastern frontier of  Lubonieczek, a village five miles away of Srem. 

The Russian Prince, had no knowledge of the Prussian intent to defend the southern portion, as the Tsar had desired to occupy the urban center of Poznan, just north of Srem. As the Imperial Army neared the city, Bonin defied his superiors, and informed the Russians of his position. The suspicious prince attempted to move around Poznan and encircle the Prussian position, but the dispersed Prussian forces provided heavy resistance west of the Poznan, finally drawing Pyotr's hand, whom lead the Imperial Army to confront Albert.

Albert commanded a single battalion, the 4th, which was a component of the 1st Corps. 


On the centre, Count Vladmir Sheremetev, drove his units toward the Polwica river. Supported by artillery barrages, Albert withdrew his forward soldier to the Jeziory Wielkie lake. Russian troops, lacking the ability to motion around the river, or move through it, were forced to make a daring attack through the thin land strip between the two lakes, located in the Polish village of Doliwiec Lesny. Captain Alfred von Klremenga, led the resistance against the advancing Russian armies, utilizing their defensive positions to drive the Imperial Army to a halt.

Russian troops were obliterated in the assault, with the majority of the advancing force thrust into a retreat. Klremenga, overconfident, attempted to pursue the retreating forces, but Vladmir was able to rally the routed units, driving the mob of Prussian soldiers back into their defense. This time, the Count was more careful with his approach, but his slow pace allowed Prussian artillery to target his army. Under heavy fire, Sheremetev forced the Russians into a counterattack, where many fell under Prussian fire. However, the reckless assault of Klremenga had done its will, and despite inflicting heavy casualties, Russian forces broke the Prussian defensive line.

Albert took his cavalry and guided the flight from the vanguard, repositioning the army on the marshy hills behind the initial battlefield. Prussian Infantry took cover from Imperial Cannon fire as the Russians organized their forces, and began a slow trot towards the field. The Prussian Line was spread thin, for the Imperials had attempted to flank them, but the terrain worked to the advantage of the Prussians. The Russians halted their advance and instead, pelted the Prussians with more fire from large caliber weapons. The salvo worked properly, and Albert was forced to pull towards the Wyspa Edwarda over the night - further exhausting the Prussians. 

In the morning, Vladmir Sheremetev