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Battle of Opava
Part of the Invasion of Czechoslovakia
German soldier near blockhouse OP-S 9 near Opava (WFAC)
German soldiers inspects the cleared-out bunker OP-S 9 Na lukách near Opava.
Date 1–5 October 1938
Place Near Opava, northern Moravia, Czechoslovakia
Result German victory
Belligerents
Nazi Germany Nazi Germany Czechoslovakia Czechoslovakia
Commanders and leaders
Nazi Germany Gerd von Rundstedt
Nazi Germany Johannes Blaskowitz
Czechoslovakia Vojtěch Luža
Czechoslovakia Emil Fiala
Units involved
II Army Corps:
  • 3rd Panzer Division
  • 6th Infantry Division
  • 12th Infantry Division
  • 32nd Infantry Division
Hraniční pásmo XIII:
  • Border Area 37 (HO-37)
  • 16th SOS Battalion

In reserve:

  • 8th Division
Strength
64,900 men
324 tanks
51 armoured cars
202 howitzers
489 mortars
aerial support
~20,000 men
263 heavy machine guns
1,037 light machine guns
42 anti-tank cannons
In reserve:


Invasion of Czechoslovakia
Battle of the Border
Opava    Bruntál    Šatov    Znojmo    Křelovice   České Budějovice

Bohemian front
Plzeň    Hořovice    Prague    Tábor    Hradec Králové    Kutná Hora    Jihlava


Moravian front
Prchala offensive   Hranice   Šternberk   Olomouc    Brno    Blansko    Vyškov    Třebíč    Vyškov    M Line


Polish front
Zaolzie Campaign


Hungarian invasion of Czechoslovakia
Komárno    Levice    Nitra    Zvolen    Kosiče    Užhorod    Trenčín

The Battle of Opava was fought between 30 September and 4 October 1938, between the forces of Czechoslovakia and Germany. It was one of the first battles of the during the initial stages of the Invasion of Czechoslovakia. Around 20,000 Czechoslovak soldiers defended a fortified line of border fortifications for five days against more than 60,000 German troops. Although defeat was inevitable, the Polish defence stalled the attacking forces for five days and postponed the encirclement of the Czechoslovak First Army a fighting retreat from Bohemia toward Slovakia. Eventually the tanks broke through the Polish line and eliminated all the bunkers one by one. The last bunker surrendered around midday on 4 October.

German soldiers storming Czech fortifications near Opava (WFAC)

German storming Czech fortifications near Opava.

German sappers with satchel charges near Opava (WFAC)

German sappers with satchel charges prepare to storm a Czech bunker near Opava.

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