Battle of Monticello
Part of the Civil War Continues Timeline
Date September 
Location Albermarle County,

near Charlottesville, Virginia


Confederate Victory

  • Major Union Losses
  • Death of George Meade
  • Turning Point in Civil War

United States



Commanders and leaders
  • Ulysses S. Grant
  • George Meade (KIA)
  • Robert E. Lee
  • Simon B. Buckner
42,732 49,885
Casualties and losses

Over 32,400

  • Over 5500 Killed
  • Over 22,300 Wounded
  • At least 2500 Missing
  • 2188 Captured


  • 1981 Killed
  • 393 Missing
  • 4165 Wounded

Third Battle of Bull's Run

Alexandria was immediately captured when Lafayette Foster decided to invade the Confederacy again. From there, the Union forces pushed West, capturing Centreville and then advancing into Manassas. There, the local militia gathered, and went east toward where they expected the Union Army to be. However, Grant had maneuvered so that he was on the other side of the city, and burned the town. The militia found the Union army, and fired shots, but then was completely outnumbered, and the Union army repeated fire. No survivors were left by the end in Manassas.

Third Battle of Fredericksburg

As the fighting resumed, the Union stationed more forces in Fredricksburg, which had never returned to Confederate hands. Confederate forces from Richmond decided to attack Fredricksburg in order to save the vital city and protect Richmond. In 1866, the Confederate forces managed to win the battle and push the Union forces out of Frederickburg before reinforcements could come.

Battle of Culpepper

In 1866, Grant's Army of the Potomac pushed into Virginia. He ended up near Culpepper, and over 10,000 people died before Robert E. Lee finally retreated. 

Battle of Gordonsville

The Union Forces continued south. French Forces who had arrived needed to protect the Orange and Alexandria Railroad. At Gordonsville, the outnumbered French forces faces the Union army. However, the battle remains inconclusive for two days, at which point the French decide to make a push and directly attack. the Union forces retreat, and head Southwest.



Simon B. Buckner arrived in Virginia with his reinforcements from Kentucky in October 1866. He decided to set up at Charlottesville, as there was a major road from there to Richmond, with the only other one at the well protected Fredricksburg. In December, Robert E. Lee's forces went to Fredericksburg as well. A French messenger made it to Charlottesville in time to tell the army to prepare as a group of French soldiers were chasing the Army of the Potomac toward them. 


As Grant approached Charlottesville, the French forces decided to go South in order to ensure that Grant did not just escape further south into Confederate territory if he was defeated. The French knew that he would not go East as he would not cross the Rivanna River twice. The French stationed themselves just south of the historic Monticello. When Grant arrived at Charlottesville, he expected to be met only by a small militia, and immediately retreated when he saw an army even bigger than Lee's normal army.


Lee chased Grant, and Buckner remained slightly west of Grant. Grant ended up at Monticello, and was met by the French forces that defeated him at Gordonsville. After realizing that he was being attacked from the front and behind, he attempted to go west, but was met by Buckner's forces. Completely surrounded, three sides shot at Grant's Army, which was demolished. Over 5500 were killed, including George Meade, 2000 were captured, and at least 22,000 were wounded. Some escaped, including Grant, though he had a bullet in his shoulder and was completely alone. 


The major victory for the Confederacy saw the demolition of the Army of the Potomac, with Ulysses S. Grant wounded (and missing for four months) and George Meade killed. It was a key turning point in the Eastern front of the War, and caused a giant morale boost for the South.