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Battle of Kursk (Morgen die ganze Welt)

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Timeline: Morgen die ganze Welt

Thursday, May 13 1943 
the end in Africa

The last remnants of the German Afrika Korps surrender in Tunisia. The last defiant message from general Von Arnim ends with "The Afrika Korps must rise again!"
This is unlikely after the disasters of Stalingrad and El Alamein. Hitler - always ready to think "out of the box" - contemplates extreme measures. He knows better than anybody else the predicament the Third Reich is in.

Saturday, May 15 1943 
Frankfurt airport

"Bad weather Herr Ambros, we should delay the flight" says Friedrich Schmidke, pilot of a JU-52 standing ready on the apron. "Out of the question, I have a meeting with the führer. Proceed as planned," snaps Otto Ambros. He adds privately so I can save the world. Friedrich carefully keeps his thoughts to himself as they walk to the aircraft. The engines sputter into life one by one. Friedrich ups the revs, watching the gauges - all is well. The lightly loaded Ju-52 gathers speed with alacrity and soars into the air, disappearing almost instantly into low clouds. The engine noise fades but then there is a bang and a flash visible through the clouds. The aircraft descends, smoke coming from the left engine. The pilot forces the aircraft to the right, trying to make an emergency landing. Mistake: The Junker stalls and falls out of the sky like a dead weight, crushing first the right wing, then the cabin and then bursting into flames.
Otto Ambros, I.G. Farben's authority on nerve gas, dies in the aircraft accident. He was summoned to the "Wolf's Lair" for a meeting with Hitler organized by Reichsminister Albert Speer. Speer was quite desperate to stop the Führer from using nerve gas. The new gas is at least 300 times more deadly than cyanide. It penetrates skin, making gas masks useless. Sarin is very volatile and will quickly spread over a large area, driven by the wind. Tabun is less volatile and will contaminate an area for a long time. Albert Speer is afraid because the use of such a powerful weapon is bound to come with unforeseeable consequences. Otto Ambros would have given powerful support against the use of nerve gas. He was convinced that the Allies had nerve gas too and would retaliate against German cities. As sometimes happens when a great scientist has a firm opinion he was absolutely wrong.
When Hitler hears about Otto's accident his intuition springs into action: he decides to implement the recommendation of the HWA (Heereswaffenamt) to use the world's most fearsome weapon. Speer is aghast but Hitler consoles him with the words "cheer up Albert, the fates have decided today."

The first operational use of nerve gas will be against the Soviets. The total stock of 12,500 tons of Tabun and Sarin is allocated to the East Front, where a great battle has been planned for months in the Kursk area with the codename Operation Citadel. German armor is up to the task with the new Tiger tanks: General Von Manstein has retaken Kharkov after five brilliant battles. The Soviets are reeling from the unexpected setback. But the momentum has to be maintained before the Soviets can recuperate. Frontline generals like Model have been warning of a shortage of infantry divisions. This cannot be helped, it is a result of disastrous losses at Stalingrad.
Manpower is the greatest problem in warfare. Infantry is essential for pinpointing antitank defenses and protecting against enemy counterattacks, allowing armor to break through and smash the enemy rear. It would be very wasteful to use tanks without infantry support. Now nerve gas is expected to accomplish the vital task of the infantry but do it even better and faster, without losses.
Hitler issues Führer-Anweisung 43 (Führer directive 43) as follows:
1. Nerve gas will be used in operation Citadel. 90% of available nerve gas stock will be used for the initial breakthrough north and south of the Kursk salient.
2. Operation Citadel will proceed as soon as nerve gas is ready to be deployed which is to be no later than June, 1. No delays because of insufficient reserves will be tolerated. Armor will play a secondary role in the beginning phase.
3. The use of nerve gas will be accomplished with utmost secrecy. Army units will be instructed on basic safety precautions regarding war gas. Under no circumstances will units be informed of the fact that a new war gas is being used.
4. When operation Citadel is successfully concluded as expected the army must be prepared for an armored counterattack by Soviet strategic reserves, defeat them and exploit breakout opportunities without delay. Specifically, 4th army must be prepared for a drive on Moscow.
5. All generals and their staff will be extensively briefed on nerve gas and tactics.
6. Chemical warfare units will be created that will take control of the battlefield until it is safe for unprotected soldiers to enter the area. These units will take care of soldiers accidentally exposed to nerve gas on the battlefield. They will also decontaminate tactically important areas.
7. Production and research of nerve gas will get the highest priority.
8. The use of war gas cannot be concealed. Therefore statements will be prepared to blame any casualties on the explosion of illegal Soviet war gas dumps.
9. Additionally mustard gas and cyanide will be used in the attack. This will be done secretly but information will be deliberately leaked to double agents.

Monday, May 31 1943 
Operation Citadel

At Kursk there is a 200 km large bulge in the frontline as a result of German counterattacks after the battle of Stalingrad . It is an obvious springboard for a new Soviet offensive and at the same time a target for the next Axis attack. The Soviets have fortified the area with all available troops, tanks, artillery and aircraft, in total one-fourth of Soviet manpower, 1/3 of the Red Air Force and half of all armor. There are 3 defensive lines up to 25 km deep and theoretically impregnable. Other fronts have been dangerously depleted but the efficient Soviet spy network "Rote Kapelle" has confirmed that the hated Germans are going to attack the Kursk salient.
The Soviet STAVKA has prepared a giant trap where the Axis armor will be destroyed. Then the Red Army will counterattack and Christmas will be celebrated in Berlin. Both sides are actually gambling here with fearsome stakes. But nerve gas has loaded the dice.
This evening soldier first class Felis Ivanovitch is somewhat listlessly on guard at a forward supply dump near Savidovka. At 22.15 he hears a dull thud and a muffled explosion directly in front of him. On the horizon there are flashes of artillery fire and after half a minute the grumble of artillery reaches him. There are more explosions rather far away. Not being the type of hero advertised in war propaganda he moves suspiciously to investigate. He comes upon a small crater with some smoke coming out of it. A dud? Careful! This may be a gas shell that the political commissar has been lecturing about one week ago. He sniffs the air nervously while fingering his gas mask canister. Deliberating whether to risk making a fool of himself by giving a false alarm he notices something odd. It is still light although the sun has set. But now it is rapidly getting darker. He also starts sweating although it is not warm. His right arm trembles uncontrollably. Realization comes quickly and he takes a deep breath to shout an alarm. Too late. Air has become solid in his lungs, impossible to breathe in or out. He crumples like a puppet with all his muscles trembling. Within seconds Felis is dead having received a massive nerve gas dose. His last clear thought is one of hate for the Schwaben who cowardly kill from a distance.
In a way Felis is one of the lucky ones who die quickly of a massive overdose. At lower dosages nerve gas incapacitates humans and kills them miserably in hours or causes permanent neurological damage. Gas masks are ineffective. Many Soviet soldiers will be found wearing the useless gas masks and quite dead.
The artillery bombardment is calculated to achieve a deadly concentration of 50 mg per cu m nerve gas density over a total area of 1200 sq km near Orel and Belgorod. 10,000 metric tons of Tabun and Sarin are used. The lethal effect corresponds to the explosion of 300 atom bombs! But no infrastructure will be damaged to delay the offensive which is a bonus.
Soviet artillery, the most effective component of the Red army opens up randomly, then gradually falls silent as the nerve gas reaches the guns. Far behind the lines Soviet soldiers start shooting at each other but that also stops suddenly as if on command. After a mere five minutes Axis artillery falls silent and an uneasy peace descends over the battlefield.

Tuesday, June 1 1943 
Panzer voran

2:00- The churchlike silence is rent to pieces. In pitch darkness Axis trucks roar forward and unload engineers in chemical suits. They check for landmines and remove obstructions in eerie silence. Those infernal landmines are always treated with respect. Soviet forward observers should have opened fire on them but they all have perished or retreated long ago, straight into the nerve gas.
4:00- Reconnaissance groups in chemical suits probe forward. They secure observation posts unhindered while Stukas fly overhead to bomb Soviet airfields, headquarters and communications with the remaining nerve gas, mostly Tabun.
10:00- Reconnaissance units report that the winds have driven the nerve gas cloud eastward. Communication vehicles relay the command "panzer voran". Thousands of engines start up over a 35 km front at Belgorod and a 30 km front at Orel. The atmosphere is buoyant, the soldiers' morale is at its peak. From the lack of Soviet reaction it is obvious that a heavy blow has been struck. Axis tanks eagerly move forward to their first targets: Savidovka and Butovo. Soldiers have been briefed one day before on the gas attack and medics carry atropine emergency antidotes. Now they nervously watch for the first sign of poisoning: blurry vision. Field engineers lead the armor checking for signs of persistent Tabun. There is no resistance of any sort. Trenches are filled with dead soldiers looking like discarded rag dolls. Incredible. Even hardened SS veterans have to look away from the scene.
Pokrovka ... Ivnya ... Oboyan ... 4th army continues north past awesome antitank defenses and elaborate layered defense works, unsuspected by German planners. Quite useless now. Then further past acres of T-34 tanks with dead crew scattered around them, then rows of spanking new trucks, artillery pointing blindly at the sky. "Where does Stalin get all that stuff?" some soldiers wonder. By midday army detachment Kempf reaches Korocha and forms a defensive line to shield the flank of 4th army. 9th Army is halfway to Kursk and three days ahead of the most optimistic schedule.
Occasionally an anti-tank mine blows the tracks off a tank. No big deal. The crew dismounts, waits next to the road for a recovery vehicle, smoking their cigarettes and tolerantly waving at their cat-calling comrades. The next tank then leads the advance. Everything runs as smoothly as a field exercise. The one thing missing is insects: nerve gas has killed them all. A war correspondent will later write in Signal magazine "Not an ant is left alive - this is what the end of the world looks like."
Some Soviet reconnaissance aircraft are observed. The pilots are obviously bewildered, not knowing what to make of Axis armor movements deep in Soviet territory. It is their last flight as Stukas have bombed their airfields with nerve gas.

Wednesday, June 2 1943 
Battle of Kursk
Kursk19430602

Kursk June,2 1943

There is a short, sharp fight at the fortified city of Kursk which has escaped the nerve gas cloud. It ends abruptly when Luftwaffe bombers smash the defenses and Tiger tanks break through with brute force. Soviet soldiers withdraw in panic or surrender.
The Kursk offensive is successful beyond the wildest dreams of the OKH. Unforeseen by OKH winds have blown some Sarin clouds to the east, causing havoc for hundreds of km behind the lines among Soviet reserve forces. By 4 o'clock in the afternoon Hoth's 4th army moving south and Model's 9th army moving north have secured Kursk and the first phase is completed, one week ahead of schedule. Solemn generals salute each other and shake hands while cameras are flashing. Twelve Soviet armies have been encircled or wiped out in one day including the crack 5th Guards Tank Army, the heroes of Stalingrad. It is the greatest military defeat in human history and the only battle that eclipses Hannibal's victory against Rome at Cannae. The Soviets had correctly anticipated the main thrusts of the German offensive and had concentrated their forces accordingly. But the use of nerve gas made that strategy counterproductive.
German Tanks turn west to mop up encircled Soviet armies.

Thursday, June 3 1943 
Battle of Kursk

The extent of the Axis victory becomes slowly apparent. One million tons of supplies has been captured. This will give additional impetus to the offensive. The greatest advantage of nerve gas warfare now becomes evident: while all enemies are killed infrastructure is undamaged. There is no delay to clear rubble and repair roads and bridges. Armor is already moving east in the direction of Tula, Livny and Voronezh.
Soviet troops north of Kursk were poised for a surprise flank attack on Model's 9th army as soon as it was committed to the Kursk offensive. Now the attack is cancelled and Soviet soldiers are diverted south to try and pinch off the German advance.
Surviving Soviet defenders in the Kursk pocket are dazed and bewildered, some trembling with neurological damage. They are mopped up and sent into captivity. 1.3 million Soviet soldiers are dead or captured, 1/4 of Soviet manpower including many elite units. More than 3000 highly regarded T-34 and KV-1 tanks are captured, doubling Axis armor. Thousands of captured American trucks are immediately put into Axis service. 20,000 Artillery pieces all in excellent shape get a new owner.
Now there is a critical shortage of tank crews. Tanks schools are ordered to send their recruits to the front, even when not ready as long as they can vaguely recognize the shape of a tank. Truck drivers are bundled into T-34s and become tank drivers just like that. Soldiers who have an uncle driving a car become truck drivers.
General Zhukov, the best Soviet general, is reported missing in action from his HQ, while general Vatutin is found dead.
Axis forces are in excellent shape, ready to follow up on the success. Morale, that elusive element, is at an all-time high. Losses are minimal: some 2000 Axis soldiers have run into nerve gas and are incapacitated in spite of prompt atropine treatment. They will never completely recover. Several hundred soldiers are killed by landmines. It will take years to clear the millions of landmines in the Kursk area.
The only bad news is that Panther tanks are not ready for service. They have all become immobilized by engine breakdowns. This would have been a calamity without nerve gas. Now the tank developers are only berated like naughty children instead of being chewed out.

Saturday, June 5 1943 
Battle of Kursk

Axis armor pours through the now undefended gap in the front. Soviet counterattacks are casually brushed aside. Livny is quickly captured. The advance is temporarily slowed when Axis troops run into pockets of persistent Tabun nerve gas at crossroads. Engineers clear paths through contaminated areas with sodium hydroxide spray. Rumors of the advancing Axis armor causes panic far behind the front line. Soviet forces are withdrawn from other theaters to try to plug the gap. Over 100,000 Soviets are sent to hospitals where the doctors can't make sense of the nerve gas symptoms. They will never fight again.
The OKH releases news of the Kursk battle but plays down the significance of the victory.

Sunday, June 6 1943 
Battle of Kursk
Kursk19430606

kursk june,6 1943


Voronezh is the first major city recaptured by the Axis since the Kursk offensive. On desolate airfields more than 2,800 brand new aircraft have been found intact, some with dead pilots in the cockpits. One of the deceased is Ivan Nikitovich Kozhedub, the leading Soviet ace. He is buried with full military honors which has the side effect of providing great propaganda value. The Soviets have lost thousands of their most experienced pilots to nerve gas and these losses cannot be replaced quickly.
The captured aircraft will be used by Nazi Allies, most going to Italy. The Luftwaffe disdains Soviet aircraft as inferior. Mussolini has used his influence to obtain the all-important Sturmovik, Pe-2 and La-5 squadrons.
Captured aviation fuel on airfields allows the Luftwaffe to operate at full efficiency for the next months.

Monday, June 7 1943 
Battle of Kursk

Tula 200 km south of Moscow is captured by the Axis. Large amounts of abandoned tanks and trucks are found. They are clogging the roads in massive traffic jams. Major Alois Bruch surveys the chaos from his Pzkw IV command tank and radios to HQ "Look at that, Ivan has panicked and run clear to Siberia. Uncle Joe's surprise party is not going through."
Germans are amazed at the size of the enemy reserves. Clearly Stalin was up to mischief. Most trucks are American, imported through Murmansk. Large numbers of light Stuart tanks and English Matildas are captured. Enemy soldiers have clearly panicked and may have been affected by the Sarin cloud. It is something to take note of.
General Von Manstein prefers to strike east towards the Don and cut Russia in two. Hitler overrules him and demands that Moscow be captured for political reasons. Von Manstein has no choice but to comply and orders local attacks over a broad front in the Smolensk and Kharkov area to tie down Soviet armies while concentrating forces in Tula.

Tuesday, June 8 1943 
Battle of Kursk

Captured tanks are put into service by the Axis to create 20 new armored divisions. There is a shortage of crew but Soviet tanks are relatively easy to handle. The Wehrmacht is already familiar with the T-34 anyway as a few hundred captured ones were already in use in the army. 250 T-34s are immediately sent to Sicily to re-inforce Panzerkorps XIV. The Korps has only 47 tanks left. 400 More are sent to Greece where they will be under the command of Rommel. Three infantry divisions from the reserve and some Luftwaffe squadrons are withdrawn from the East and sent to Italy, Greece and the south of France. Italian pilots are arriving to ferry captured aircraft to Italy.
The most urgent need in Sicily is aircraft and aviation fuel. 40% Of all Luftwaffe losses have occurred over Malta and Sicily. As a result the aerial siege of Malta has been lifted. Without re-inforcements the Allies will achieve local air superiority. An Allied invasion is expected at any moment somewhere in the South of Europe. The Allies have made many efforts to mislead the German Abwehr into expecting an invasion in Greece or Sardinia. The most devious ruse was the use of the dead body of a British soldier, apparently drowned and carrying fake invasion plans for Greece. Hitler actually suspects this is a ruse but nevertheless most re-inforcements are sent to Greece.

Thursday, June 10 1943 
Battle of Moscow
Kursk19430610

Kursk june,10 1943

The Moscow offensive starts with the Soviets reeling. The Luftwaffe has achieved complete air superiority in the Moscow area and hinders Soviet road movement. Bombers gradually pulverize the extensive anti-aircraft defenses of Moscow while Messerschmitts strafe roads at will. Rudel's Stuka squadron makes 4 sorties per day shooting up anything that moves with their 37mm anti-tank guns. Soviet transport is only possible during the short night hours.
General Jeremenko is in charge of the defense of Moscow while Stalin has prudently left for Gorki.

Thursday, June 10 1943 
Pointblank

The Allied Joint Chiefs of Staff issue the pointblank directive. It is an order to destroy the Luftwaffe in preparation of operation Overlord, the Allied invasion. Aircraft factories will be targeted and aircraft support industry. The RAF will conduct nightly air raids on cities. This will be a battle of attrition and nobody expects the going to be easy. There is some concern about rumored Axis victories in the east although this may be Axis propaganda. However it is now urgent to help the Soviets in any way possible.

Saturday, June 12 1943 
Battle of Moscow

Soviets use masses of soldiers in human wave attacks trying to gain time. The Axis uses captured artillery to smash the attacks. Soldiers fire panzerfaust rockets at pointblank range into Soviet ranks causing great carnage. When the chaos is complete Axis 9th army attacks and breaks through to Mozhaisk West of Moscow where operation Barbarossa stalled in 1941. Armored columns of the 4th army capture Kolomna to the east threatening to envelop Moscow. There are no more reserves to counter the Axis. The Luftwaffe is making a supreme effort to disrupt Soviet communications.
Nerve gas stocks were exhausted in the Kursk offensive but production now receives the highest priority.

Tuesday, June 15 1943 
Battle of Moscow
Kursk19430615

Moscow june,15 1943

Unstoppable Axis armor pincers meet at Aleksandrov north of Moscow, completely surrounding the capital. SS Totenkopf division reports sighting the Kremlin towers as in 1941.
At the same time two Soviet armies are surrounded on the Smolensk front west of Moscow. Desperate counterattacks are ineffective. Everything seems to go wrong for the Soviets.

Friday, June 18 1943 
Siege of Moscow

The Axis grip on Moscow consolidates.
The first artillery shells land in the Red Square. The OKH is concentrating 20,000 artillery pieces - many of them captured - for the siege of Moscow. Heavy Ferdinand and Tiger tanks take up positions for the assault.
4th Army commanded by General Hoth pushes east in pursuit of fleeing Soviet units.

Tuesday, June 22 1943 
siege of Moscow

Amid rumors of German secret weapons the demoralized Soviet armies in the Smolensk pocket crumble and surrender on the anniversary of operation Barbarossa. This is seen as a good omen by the OKH. What a difference nerve gas has made. General Busch is now able to push forward in the north, retaking Demyansk where the Soviets have made small advances at great cost.
Axis radio operators intercept messages from Stalin to Smolensk armies that have ceased to exist, ordering to fight to the death. 400,000 Soviet soldiers join the millions that are already in prison camps. The OKH notes with interest that some Soviet recruits are as young as 17, a sign that Soviets are running out of manpower. A complete division of sturdy Siberian women has been captured. The women are suspected of atrocities and torture and will be investigated.
The Allied secret service has intercepted and decoded German enigma messages that seem to indicate that Germany has developed a new type of poison gas. The Allies have been aware of a new German gas weapon but no details are known. Spies are asked to find out more. Stalin is informed of Allied suspicions. Nobody realizes just how lethal the new poison gas is. Stalin angrily orders STAVKA to prepare for gas warfare.

Wednesday, June 23 1943 
siege of Moscow
Kursk19430623

Moscow June 23, 1943

General Jeremenko in charge of the defense of Moscow signals to Stalin for re-inforcements. The outlook is grim: he has 250,000 soldiers confronting 850,000 Axis soldiers with heavy guns and tanks. Many of his soldiers are wounded or affected by nerve gas. Supplies are short. Relief is impossible. To the contrary, General Hoth is chasing towards Gorki on the Volga in best blitzkrieg style, advancing 60 km per day. The Wehrmacht excels in this type of warfare.

Wednesday, June 30 1943 
Siege of Moscow

The assault on Moscow starts. Heavy Ferdinand tanks are used to smash through street barricades. These tanks have frontal armor as thick as a battleship's. The defenders are steadily driven back while Moscow is reduced to rubble. The experience gained in Stalingrad is put to good use. Costly infantry assaults and street fighting are avoided. Buildings that have been turned into fortresses are smashed to pieces by Stukas dropping 2000 kg bombs. If that does not work WASPs are called in. These recently formed Wehrmacht Speziel Einsatz (WeSpE) units are specialized in nerve gas warfare. With their yellow and black badges they are intimidating to friend and enemy alike. They are used for the first time when Axis troops advancing along 1st November Street encounter heavy resistance from barricaded positions. The WASPs arrive, survey the scene for a while and then set up mortar positions in nearby Trud Stadium. A volley of 80 mm nerve gas shells smashes into the barricades and Soviet soldiers are seen to flee in panic. Some fall down and writhe like crushed insects, observed by fascinated and horrified Axis soldiers. It takes hours before the poison gas is blown away and the barricades are safe. This is one disadvantage of nerve gas attack. Meanwhile, the Moscow metro is flooded with nerve gas and becomes unusable. Heavy bombers fly low and drop napalm and cluster bombs where resistance is encountered. Luftwaffe observers on the ground guide the bombers by radio. In this way Soviet forces are methodically ground down.
An offer of honorable surrender from Von Manstein is stubbornly refused.
Rzhev and Kalinin on the Volga north of Moscow are captured.

Monday, July 5 1943 
Gorki

Axis Reconnaissance columns reach Gorki on the Volga, cutting Russia in two. There was no time to evacuate the tank factories: they are captured intact. Stalin himself barely managed to escape to Sverdlovsk. Axis forces are now 1,600 km from their starting positions of 1941 and the supply lines are overextended. They have to pause to consolidate and extend the railway heads to the front.
Axis forces relentlessly close in on the center of Moscow with the defenders running out of ammunition. Soviet aircraft drop supplies every night but the casualty rate is terrible.
Partisan activity far behind the front line has decreased noticeable because the Red Air Force can't supply the partisans with weapons and ammunition any longer.

Friday, July 9 1943 
Siege of Moscow

The last desperate resistance in Moscow collapses. Tiger tanks roar into the Red Square and turn on the Kremlin. They give covering fire for SS stormtroopers who assault the Kremlin with flame throwers and phosphorous grenades. The desperate defenders hold out for one heroic hour in savage hand-to-hand fighting, then the Swastika flies from the Kremlin. Axis troops break out in a thunderous cheer and some give the Nazi salute which is captured on film by Axis war correspondents - invaluable propaganda. Fighting continues in isolated pockets. General Jeremenko is killed in one of the pockets of resistance. Field Marshall Paulus is found hiding in a house. He is transported to Berlin by the triumphant Gestapo. Hitler makes a jubilant speech where he announces the fall of Moscow and rejoices in the immense defeat of the Soviet Union. He predicts that the whole rotten communist house of cards will come tumbling down. His speech ends with a solemn "Gott ist mit uns - amen." The crowd replies with enthusiastic "Sieg Heil" for fifteen minutes. This speech is the first indication to the Allies of the disaster in the Soviet Union. As a consequence the RAF starts using mustard gas in nightly attacks on cities.
Meanwhile, the Volga front is quiet. Axis forces are overextended and have to wait until railways are changed to German gauge. Repair shops restore damaged tanks and the new armored divisions get used to the T-34. Supply lines to Leningrad are cut for good. Starvation is weeks away for the city. In the north Axis forces are pressing forward to the next target: Murmansk, the most important Allied supply line to the Soviets.

Saturday, July 10 1943 
Husky

Allied troops land in Sicily in operation Husky. It is hoped that this will draw German troops from the Soviet Union. The Allies know the Soviets are in trouble but they don't know the extent as Stalin is not keen on reporting failures. The OKH moves all available divisions in Italy and Greece to Sicily but this will take time. The forces present are not strong enough to repel the invasion. Armor from the East front has not arrived yet.

Sunday, July 12 1943 
Sicily

The US 7th army and British 8th army make good progress in Sicily in spite of a vicious counterattack. Italian troops make no effort to resist but German divisions resist fiercely.

Friday, July 17 1943
Sicily

General Patton captures Palermo the capital city of Sicily in a surprise attack. This is the first large Axis city captured by the Allies. Italians are shocked. Axis forces make a fighting retreat to Messina, preparing to evacuate Sicily. But now the first Axis re-inforcements have arrived: 250 T-34s.

Thursday, July 18 1943
Moscow

Hitler, Göring, Goebbels, Milch and an army of lesser dignitaries visit Moscow to attend the victory parade. Many see Tiger tanks for the first time. It is a heartening sight. No enemy can stand against such monsters.
In the evening they attend the opera "Twilight of the Gods" conducted by Herbert von Karajan in the Bolshoi theater. The theatre has been damaged by shell fire but this lends flavor to the event. The performers are flown in from Berlin. Leni Riefenstahl makes a documentary about the performance that will be shown everywhere from the imperial palace in Tokyo to the White House in the USA.
When Churchill later privately views the documentary he sourly remarks "Now the devil himself can't stop the Hun."

Monday, July 19 1943
Sverdlovsk

Stalin makes a radio speech where he angrily accuses Hitler of using mustard gas. He promises that the Soviet Union will retaliate in kind. German propaganda officially releases the news that the explosion of illegal Soviet poison gas dumps caused the release of large quantities of mustard gas and cyanide. German spies also plant information suggesting that Soviets were experimenting with new war gases that were unstable.
As arranged, Soviet spies think they have found out that mustard gas and cyanide was transported from Germany to the front line. Nerve gas was labelled as cyanide and this was not detected by spies. To re-inforce the obfuscation some bombs loaded with cyanide where disabled and dropped on remote enemy targets. Soviets were expected to analyze the unexploded bombs and find the cyanide.
Allies tentatively accept the use of mustard gas and cyanide as an explanation of the battle of Kursk. They are relieved because gas only works if the opponent is not prepared.
RAF mustard gas attacks have been ineffective. All German household have gas masks. Goebbels learns that only sparrows and pigeons were killed in the attacks. But officially in radio speeches he accuses the Allies of uncivilized gas warfare causing thousands of casualties. Ironically, as long as the Allies drop ineffective war gas bomb damage will be minimized.

Wednesday, July 21 1943
Sicily

Luftwaffe fighter squadrons and some 1000 Italian Il-2 Sturmoviks and A-20 Havocs and La-5 fighters arrive in the south of Italy from the East Front. They will be used to challenge Allied air supremacy. The best squadrons have been withdrawn from Russia where the Red Air Force has been decimated. Most importantly large quantities of aviation fuel arrive, made possible by captured fuel in the East.
The Eastern front is now used as a practical training area for new pilots, with the Red Air Force crippled. The Luftwaffe has decided to concentrate on the West.
General Kesselring is put in charge of all Axis forces in Italy and Rommel takes command in Sicily. When Hitler asks what he needs to drive the Allies out of Sicily Rommel says "2000 aircraft and 600 tanks." Hitler nods and says "You will get them." The newly created 35th panzer division using T-34s and the veteran 501 Tiger battalion are transported across the Strait of Messina in great secrecy. Total Axis armor is already 400 against 600 Allied tanks, and Axis tanks are superior.

Friday, July 24 1943
Messina

Allied forces in Sicily advance on Messina intent on cutting off the Axis retreat. Meanwhile, more Axis re-inforcements arrive in Messina daily. Axis 35th armored division has deployed, heavily camouflaged and will be the spearhead of a massive counterattack. Rommel is calmly waiting for the Allies to commit themselves.
In Rome Mussolini is removed from power and arrested. Badoglio who is anti-Axis is appointed prime minister and is now in charge. This shows how fragile a dictatorship really is, at least in Italy.

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