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Battle of Knayton
The Battle of Knayton was the decisive battle in the Scottish invasion of England (1714-1717). It took placeon May 21st, 1714, 14 km West of the English hamlet of Knayton. The battle resulted in a decisive Scottish victory and the routing of the entire English army sent out to face the Scottish invaders, paving the way for Scotland's conquest of Northern England and Yorkshire.
When the Great Plague reached England in 1706, Scotland and England had been contemplating merging. However, the Plague disrupted the infrastructure and economy of England, convincing Scotland that joining would not be the best idea. The plague finally died down in England in 1714, and Scotland seized its chance to finally dominate its northern neighbor. In February, Queen Anne dispatched Jacobite generals George Murray and Vaham of Claverhouse with 41,000 men. They ravaged their way south, finally reaching and capturing the port town of Blyth. There they were joined by The Irish-French General Arthur Dillon, with 300 French mercenaries. There they waited until April 29th before setting out to the South-East. Upon reaching the town of Knayton, they learned that the English army was waiting in ambush for them 14 km to the west. George Murray, the supreme commander of the army, sent cavalry out to lure the enemy army from the trees in which they were hiding.
The English commander, Henry Belasye, decided to face the Scotsmen head-on and positioned his men at the bottom of Rosemary Hill. George Murray positioned his men at the top of the hill.