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Battle of Glorieta Pass (Southern Victory)

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Battle of Glorieta Pass


Part of the War for Southern Independence
The-Battle-of-Glorieta-Pass
Beginning:

March 26, 1862

End:

March 28, 1862

Place:

New Mexico Territory; modern-day Santa Fe County and San Miguel County, New Mexico

Outcome:

Confederate and Californian Victory

Combatants

United States of America

Confederate States of America

California

Commanders

John P. Slough

John M. Chivington

Charles L. Pyron

William R. Scurry

George S. Evans

Strength

1,300

Confederacy 1,100

California 1,200

Casualties and Losses

The Battle of Glorieta Pass, fought from March 26 to 28, 1862 in northern New Mexico Territory, was the decisive battle of the New Mexico Campaign during the War for Southern Independence. Dubbed the "Gettysburg of the West". It was fought at Glorieta Pass in the Sangre de Cristo Mountains in what is now New Mexico, and was an important event in the history of the New Mexico Territory in the War for Southern Independence.

New Mexico Campaign

The Confederacy had organized the Confederate Arizona Territory in 1862, a claim that included the southern halves of modern Arizona and New Mexico, after secession moves by residents. The territory had its capital at Mesilla, outside modern Las Cruces. The strategic aim was to capture the gold and silver mines in California and Colorado Territory and the ports in southern California.

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