Alternate History

Barbados (Cromwell the Great)

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Colony of Barbados
— Colony of the Commonwealth of England, Scotland and Ireland
Timeline: Cromwell the Great

OTL equivalent: Barbados
British North America Arms of the Protectorate (1653–1659)
Location of Barbados
(and largest city)
Language English
Church of England
  others Congregational churches, other Protestants, Catholicism, Judaism.
Ethnic group European (English, Scots, Welsh and Irish)
Demonym Barbadian
Government Proprietary colony (1627-1652), Commonwealth Colony (1652 to date) of the Commonwealth
  legislature House of Burgesses
Lord Protector Henry Cromwell
Area 439 km²
Established 1627
Currency Pound sterling

And thus methinks should men of judgment frame
Their means of traffic from the vulgar trade,
And, as their wealth increaseth, so inclose
Infinite riches in a little room.
(Christopher Marlowe, The Jew of Malta, c. 1592), Act I, scene 1)
Barbados is a Commonwealth colony in the Lesser Antilles, in the Americas.


The colony became re subdivided into eleven parishes, each sending two representatives to the House of Assembly. The Governor, named by the Protector, is advised by a Council.

Governor of Barbados

  • ...
  • Francis, Baron Willoughby of Parham (1650-1651)
  • Sir George Ayscue (1651–1652)
  • Daniel Searle (1652 –1664)
  • Sir Thomas Modyford, 1st Baronet (1664 to date)


The sugar plantations carried out a massive land concentration forming large states that absorbed smallholdings. Also the demand of labor had exhausted nor was any more attractive to white indentured servant, was cheaper in time to buy black African slaves, that by the 1660 its number was equal to the white Barbadians. This two process created a plantocracy that monopolized local government and representation in the House of Assembly.

It also articulated a powerful sugar lobby that protected its interest in the Commonwealth Parliament.


Since the first settlement by the British in 1625, through history the economy of Barbados was primarily dependent on agriculture. The cultivation of tobacco and cotton crops were first introduced. The island, facing a large amount of competition from the North American colonies and the neighbouring West Indian islands, switched to the crop of sugarcane. Cultivation of sugarcane was quickly introduced by the exiled Jewish community which immigrated into Barbados from Dutch Brazil during the mid-17th century.

The introduction of sugarcane became the single best move for the Barbados economy. The economy boomed and Barbados has become populated with so many windmills that the island had at one time the second highest density of windmills in the world, second only to the Netherlands. All arable land was devoted to sugarcane being more cheaper to import food and livestock from New England and the Chesapeake colonies of America or Jamaica

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