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Bali (Vegetarian World)

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Bali
Official languages Balinese
Capital Denpasar
Largest Cities Denpasar
Singaraja
Population 19,794,000
HDI 0.811 (High)
Establishment Republic formed in 1948
Currency Balinese Rupiah (BLR)
Our Timeline Equivalent Bali, Lombok, and some smaller surrounding islands of Indonesia

Bali is a republic located in the south-central portion of "Nusantara" (the Malayan Archipelago). This thus also situates it in insular Southeast Asia. In the late 1800s, it was eyed by the Netherish, who already had control of the islands of Sumatra and Java. The Balinese, seeing this as a threat, sent ambassadors to India to gain their protection. India was wary of starting trouble with the Netherish, but eventually it agreed to establish a protectorate over Bali. This gave India more sway over the Nusantara region, which was a priority if it wanted to assure access not only to Macronesia, but to Pacha, with which Indian trade was burgeoning at the time. India would soon sign a treaty with Netherland, expressly giving Netherish ships access to Bali's ports under Indian control, and promising peace between the nations. In 1948, soon after the Pan-Global War and the independence of the neighboring Netherish islands, Bali was given its independence.

Regencies

Bali Islamd is divided into regencies. Badung, Bangli, Buleleng, Gianyar, Jembrana, Karangasem, Klungkung, Mengui, and Tabanan.

Denpasar, the capital, is located in Badung Regency.

Lombok Island has three regencies, East, Central, and West. The northern peninsula and western part of the island contain large wilderness reserves.

Demographics

Vegetarianism

70% Vegetarian
30% Non-Vegetarian

Ethnic Groups

84% Balinese
10% other Nusantaran peoples
05% Indians
01% others

Religions

The old Balinese religion had roots in both Hinduism and local beliefs. When India gained control of much of Bali, Indians were horrified that Balinese called their religion Hinduism yet sacrificed animals and had very little idea of vegetarianism. Indians, usually accepting of other cultures, felt that this was going too far, and set up Hindu schools to teach the local populace some basic principles that were practiced in India. Animal sacrifice was outlawed. Eventually, the Balinese religion began to conform more to Indian standards, at which time Indians accepted their religion as a form of Hinduism. That religion is now called "Balinese Nusantara Hinduism", though Indian sects are also present.

84% Hindu
65% Balinese Nusantara Hinduism
19% various Indian varieties of Hinduism
09% Non-religious
05% atheist
04% agnostic
04% Muslim ("Nusantara Islam" predominant)
02% Buddhist (mostly Mayayana)
01% others

Languages

86% Balinese
09% other Malayan languages (including Nusantara Malay)
02% Dravidian languages (Tamil, Malayalam)
02% Hindustani
01% others

Note: Nusantara Malay (or, inter-island Malay) is often used as a medium of communication between different ethnic groups over most of the Malay Archipelago, also called "Nusantara".

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