Baldur von Schirach (9 May 1907 - 8 August 1974) was the 27th Chancellor of the German Reich and later 2nd Führer, the first since Adolf Hitler. He was a prominent member of the Nazi Party and for the majority of his career was the head of the Hitler Youth. von Schirach, an anti-Semite and anti-Christian, was responsible for sending many thousands of Jews from Vienna to death camps such as Mauthausen and Dachau. However, he grew to detest the conditions of the camps and under his Chancellorship he closed South Germany's remaining concentration camps, ending the Holocaust.
von Schirach confirmed to the world that South Germany had death camps and that the Nazis were responsible for the deaths of hundreds upon thousands of Jews, disabled individuals and political prisoners. In doing so, he contributed to the instability of the Reich and its eventual collapse sixteen years after his death.