State of Baja California
— State of the United States of America
Timeline: Alternity

OTL equivalent: Baja California peninsula
Flag of the Republic of Lower California
Flag of Baja California
Alternity USA, Baja California, 1997
Location of Baja California in the United States
Capital San Pedro
Largest city San Diego
Other cities La Paz, San Lucas, Ensenada, Mexicali, Loreto
Language English
Ethnic groups
White (non-Hispanic), Hispanic
  others Native American, Black, Asian
Demonym Bajan
Government Representative
  legislature State Legislature
Governor Ernesto Ruffo (R)
Population 5,761,000 
Admission September 1876
Currency USD
Time zone Mountain & Pacific Standard
  summer Mountain & Pacific Daylight
Abbreviations BA

Baja California (BA), more often referred to as simply Baja, or "America's Panhandle", is a state located in its entirety on the Baja Peninsula in the West Coast/Southwest region of the United States. Admitted to the Union as the 44th state on September 27, 1876, Baja California is the southernmost of the contiguous 'lower 54', and possesses one of the driest climates in the US. As a result, much of the state's population of just over 5.7 million lives on or near the coastline, in cities like the state capital of San Pedro and the largest city of San Diego (pop. 1,200,000) on the western coast, San Lucas on the southern coast, and the eastern city of La Paz on the Gulf of California.

The state shares its sole land borders with California to the north and Arizona to the east, while sharing maritime borders with the Mexican states of Sonora and Sinaloa to the east as well, across the Gulf of California.


Baja is subdivided into twelve counties, which are further subdivided into fifteen townships per-county (San Pedro County, as the largest by size, possesses seventeen), for a statewide total of 182 townships. All counties are listed below by population.

It is also one of nine US states to be unevenly split between two different time zones; southeastern San Pedro County and all of Guayma, San Carlos, Loreto, La Paz, and San Lucas Counties observe Mountain Standard Time, while a majority of San Pedro County and the remainder of the state observes Pacific Time.

Rank Name County Seat Population
1 San Diego County San Diego 2,200,000
2 La Paz County La Paz 1,100,000
3 San Lucas County San Lucas 700,000
4 San Pedro County San Pedro 450,000
5 Colorado County Mexicali 370,000
6 Loreto County Loreto 251,000
7 San Carlos County San Carlos 133,000
8 Guayma County San Ignacio 110,000
9 Colnett County Colnett 98,000
10 Quintin County San Antonio 81,000
11 Wagner County Baja City 78,000
12 Angel County Cortez 20,000

In Popular Culture

  • The hit 1989 American horror film Baja and its 1997 sequel Baja II are set in the fictional towns of Upperton in Guayma County and Lucaston in San Pedro County, respectively, along the state's Pacific Coast. Both films revolve around a series of supernatural/demonic occurrences in the early 20th century, occurrences related to the Oaxin Indians, a group of Native Americans that vanished from the region centuries ago. The original film is based on the Ben Corrin novel of the same name, which was published in 1985.


  • The Dakota-class nuclear ballistic missile submarine USS Baja California (SSBN-748) – commissioned in 1992 – is named for the state, and is the first – and so far only – US Navy vessel to bear the name of the 44th state.


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