The Federative Republic of Bahia (Portuguese: República Federativa da Bahia), or Bahia, is a sovereign state in South America.
The nation is bordered by Paraná, Maragnon, Cerrado, Minas Gerais, and the Mauritian States.
On the banks of the Paraiba do Sul river, Pedro I declared the independence of the Kingdom of Bahia, which would last until 1889, when there is the proclamation of the republic.
The Capital Issue
The two largest cities of Bahia, Rio de Janeiro and Salvador, constantly fought over which would be the country's capital. In 1857, Pedro II moved the capital to the city of Ilheus, stopping the fights between the two cities.