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|The Great Mughal|
|Al-Sultan-Al-Azam of Gurkani(Mughal Emperor)|
|Reign||20th April 1526 - 23rd December 1532|
|Padshah of Kabulistan|
|Reign||1504 - 20th April 1526|
|Successor||Himself (as Emperor)|
|Spouse(s)|| Maham Begum (chief consort)
|Born|| 14 February 1483
Babur (Persian: بابر, meaning, "Tiger", born 14 February 1483) born Ẓahīr-ud-Dīn Muḥammad (Arabic: ظهیرالدین محمد, Zahir al-Din Muhammad) was a Central Asian conqueror who despite early setbacks rose to govern his own domain in Kabulistan. Following a successful campaign against various foes, Babur was declared Al-Sultan-Al-Azam of Gurkai, Mughal Emperor.
Babur's memoirs form the main source for details of his life. They are known as the Baburnama and were written in Chaghatai Turkic, his mother-tongue, though, according to Dale, "his Turki prose is highly Persianized in its sentence structure, morphology or word formation and vocabulary." Baburnama was translated into Persian during the rule of Babur's grandson Akbar. (OTL)
Babur was born on 14 February [O.S. ] 1483 in the city of Andijan, Andijan Province, Fergana Valley, contemporary Uzbekistan. He was the eldest son of Umar Sheikh Mirza, ruler of the Fergana Valley, the son of Abū Saʿīd Mirza (and grandson of Miran Shah, who was himself son of Timur) and his wife Qutlugh Nigar Khanum, daughter of Yunus Khan, the ruler of Moghulistan (and great-great grandson of Tughlugh Timur, the son of Esen Buqa I, who was the great-great-great grandson of Chaghatai Khan, the second born son of Genghis Khan). Babur hailed from the Barlas tribe, which was of Mongol origin and had embraced Turkic and Persian culture. He converted to Islam and resided in Turkestan and Khorasan. Aside from the Chaghatai language, Babur was equally fluent in Persian, the lingua franca of the Timurid elite.
Hence Babur, though nominally a Mongol (or Moghul in Persian language), drew much of his support from the local Turkic and Iranian people of Central Asia, and his army was diverse in its ethnic makeup. It included Persians (known to Babur as "Sarts" and "Tajiks"), ethnic Afghans, Arabs, as well as Barlas and Chaghatayid Turko-Mongols from Central Asia.
Babur ruled over his father's realm of Fergana, ascending at eleven years old and despite his youth held it until he was toppled by his unrelenting and ambitious uncles. Much of Babur's early success is credited to his maternal grand-mother, Aisan Daulat Begum, though much of his success is also credited to pure luck.
Ruler of Kabul
Like his ancestors, Babur was a conqueror and saw expansion of his realm almost as his right. Sadly this ambition led to the loss of Fergana while attempting to secure Samarkand for his Empire.
Following these loses Babur took to wandering, his horde in tow, seeking another realm to control, that was when word reached him that Ulugh Begh Mirza of the Arghun Dynasty had left Kabul, the great Afghani capital to an infant. The new infant-ruler's authority was usurped by Mukin Begh who was considered by the populace to be a usurper and openly refused his rule.
Babur marched swiftly across the Hindu Kush and captured Kabul, hailed as a liberator. The income of Kabulistan was insufficient however and Babur set his sights on the rich lands beyond the mountains. The Shaybani, Babur's greatest nemesis were utterly defeated at the hands of Babur's then suzerain, Is'mail I of Persia. With no barriers ahead, Babur began his campaign into India.
'From Kabul to Sistan and onto Multan'
Style and Issue
Babur's eventual style as Mughal Emperor was the culmination of all his conquests, it continually evolved as he gained legitimacy through conquest, as of 1532 Babur's style was:
His Imperial Majesty, Al-Sultan al-'Azam wal Khaqan al-Mukarram, Jam-i-Sultanat-i-haqiqi wa Majazi, Sayyid al-Salatin, Abu'l Muzaffar Ẓahīr-ud-Dīn Muḥammad, Padshah Ghazi, Zillu'llah, Padshah of Kabulistan, Mirza of Sistain, Multan, Sindh, Gujurat and Bikaner.
Babur had a recorded 300 brides throughout his life and countless concubines, as such his line was widespread, however very few of these children achieved imperial grace. Only nineteen of Babur's children would eventually be recognised as legitimate, and many of these children died in infancy. As of 1523 his prominent issue are as follows:
|Humayun||17th March 1508||Maham Begum||Betrothed|
|Kamran Mirza||1509||Gulrikh Begum||N/A|
|Gulchehra Begum||1515||Dildar Begum||Bride to Suleiman of the Ottoman Empire|
|Hindal Mirza||4th March 1519||Dildar Begum||N/A|
|Gulbaden Begum||1523||Dildar Begum||N/A|