Ayrad Barbarossa, or Ariadenus Barbarossa (Moorish: ⴰⵢⵔⴰ ⵣⴳⵡⴰⵖⵜⴰⵎⴰⵔⵜ Ayrad Zgwaɣtamart, Italian: Ariadeno Barbarossa), was a Moor corsair and leader who became king of the Kabylians (1517) and founded a dynasty that dominated Mauritania for more than three centuries. He became known as "Barbarossa" ("Redbeard" in Italian) in Europe, and during his reign he put serious strains on the domination of the European powers in the Western Mediterranean threatening the coasts of Africa, Spain, Sardinia, Sicily and Italy through the assaults of the Barbary corsairs.

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