The Axis was a political and military pact that was first pursued by Hungarian Prime Minister Gömbös in an attempt to bring an alliance of the fascists government of Germany, Italy and Hungary, but was first signed as the Berlin-Rome Axis between Benitto Mussolinni's Italy and Adolf Hitler's Germany in October 1936, and extended to include Japan in September 1940.


Major Powers

Minor Powers

Puppet States

Country puppet to Dates Axis membership Destiny
No flag Cambodia Japan 1948–68 1948–86
No flag China (Weng's) Japan 1940–68 same integrated into China
Flag of Latvia Latvia Germany 1952–81 same independent, withdraw
Flag of Lithuania Lithuania Germany 1952–81 same independent, withdraw
No flag Manchuria Japan 1932–68 1940–86
No flag Mengchiang Japan 1936–68 1940–86
No flag Montenegro Italy 1942–44 1942–44 Reintegrated to Yugoslavia
No flag Slovakia Germany 1940–86 same independent
No flag Vietnam Japan 1948–68 1948–86