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Austrian-Italian War (Neapolitan Empire)

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Austrian-Italian War
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Date November 18, 1893-February, 24 1896
Place Northern Italy

Austria-Hungary

Mediterranean Sea
Result Italian Victory Secession of Tyrol, Littoral and Dalmatia to Italy
Combatants
Kingdom of Italy Austrian-Hungarian Empire
Commanders
King Umberto I

Prime Minister Francesco Crispi

General Luigi Cadorna
Emperor Franz Josef

Archduke Josef Ferdinand

General Friedrich von Beck-Rzikowsky
Strength
300,000 400,000
Casualties
13,560

-3,000 killed -560 captured or missing

-10,000 wounded
33,500

-13,500 killed -700 captured

-19,300 wounded
The Austrian-Italian War also known as the Tyrol Crisis was a conflict fought between Italy and Austria-Hungary in the late 19th century. The conflict was rooted in Italian Irredentism, a doctrine that wanted all ethnic Italians to live under Italian rule.

Background

Following the expansion of the Italian empire many Italian nationalists expressed desire to bring all lands with large populations of ethnic Italians under Italian control. These ideas eventually spread to Austria-Hungary whose western lands contained many Italians. In October 1893 Austria violently put down revolts of Italians killing and imprisoning thousands. The following month Italy declared war on Austria-Hungary.

Military Campaign

Opening Maneuvers

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