Secession of Tyrol, Littoral and Dalmatia to Italy
Kingdom of Italy
King Umberto I
Prime Minister Francesco Crispi
General Luigi Cadorna
Emperor Franz Josef
Archduke Josef Ferdinand
General Friedrich von Beck-Rzikowsky
-560 captured or missing
The Austrian-Italian War also known as the Tyrol Crisis was a conflict fought between Italy and Austria-Hungary in the late 19th century. The conflict was rooted in Italian Irredentism, a doctrine that wanted all ethnic Italians to live under Italian rule.
Following the expansion of the Italian empire many Italian nationalists expressed desire to bring all lands with large populations of ethnic Italians under Italian control. These ideas eventually spread to Austria-Hungary whose western lands contained many Italians. In October 1893 Austria violently put down revolts of Italians killing and imprisoning thousands. The following month Italy declared war on Austria-Hungary.