Alternate History

Austria-Hungary (Cherry, Plum, and Chrysanthemum)

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Die im Reichsrat vertretenen Königreiche und Länder und die Länder der heiligen ungarischen Stephanskrone (de)

A birodalmi tanácsban képviselt királyságok és országok és a magyar Szent Korona országai (hu)

Timeline: Cherry, Plum, and Chrysanthemum

Preceded by 1867–1918 Succeeded by
Flag of the Habsburg Monarchy Austrian Empire Flag of Austria Republic of German Austria
Civil Ensign of Hungary Hungarian Democratic Republic
Flag of Austria-Hungary (1869-1918) Imperial Coat of Arms of the Empire of Austria
Flag Coat of arms
Austro-Hungarian Monarchy (1914)
Location of Austria-Hungary (1914)
Anthem: "Gott erhalte Franz den Kaiser"
Capital: Vienna (main capital) and Budapest (Transleithania)
German; Hungarian; Czech; Polish; Ukrainian; Romanian; Croatian; Slovene
  other languages: Serbian; Slovak; Italian; Bosnian; Rusyn; Yiddish
Religion: Catholicism; Protestantism; Judaism; Eastern Orthodox
Ethnic group: Germans; Hungarians; Czechs; Poles; Jews; Slovenes; Slovaks; Croats; Ukrainians; Italians; Serbs
Type of government: Constitutional monarchy, personal union through the Dual Monarchy
  government: Reichsrat of Austria
Diet of Hungary
Area: 676,615 (in 1914)
Population: 52,800,000 (in 1914)
Currency: Gulden
Krone (from 1892)
Austria-Hungary (also known as the Austro-Hungarian Empire or the Austro-Hungarian Monarchy), more formally known as the Kingdoms and Lands Represented in the Imperial Council and the Lands of the Holy Hungarian Crown of Saint Stephen, was a constitutional monarchic union between the crowns of the Austrian Empire and the Kingdom of Hungary in Central Europe, which existed from 1867 to October 1918, following the end of World War I. The union was a result of the Austro-Hungarian Compromise of 1867, under which the House of Habsburg agreed to share power with the separate Hungarian government, dividing the territory of the former Austrian Empire between them. The Austrian and the Hungarian lands became independent entities enjoying equal status.

Austria-Hungary was a multinational realm and one of the world's great powers at the time. Austria-Hungary was geographically the fourth largest country in Europe after the Russian Empire, the German Empire and Scandinavia (621,538 sq km), and the third most populous (after Russia and the German Empire). The Empire built up the fourth largest machine building industry of the world (after the United States, the German Empire and the United Kingdom).

The constitution of the Austro-Hungarian monarchy was based on: (1) the Pragmatic Sanction of Emperor Charles VI, first promulgated on April 19, 1713, whereby the succession to the throne is settled in the dynasty of Habsburg-Lorraine, descending by right of primogeniture and lineal succession to male heirs, and, in case of their extinction, to the female line, and whereby the indissolubility and indivisibility of the monarchy are determined; (2) the diploma of Emperor Francis Joseph I of October 20, 1860, whereby the constitutional form of government is introduced; and (3) the Ausgleich or the Compromise of 1867 that concluded on February 8, 1867, where Austria and Hungary were recognized co-equal.

The two separate states, Austria and Hungary, were completely independent of each other, and maintained separate parliaments each with its own prime minister. The unity of the monarchy was expressed in the common head of the state, who bears the title Emperor of Austria and Apostolic King of Hungary, and in the common administration of a series of affairs, including the foreign affairs, military and joint financial policy.

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