Atomic Weaponry refers to nuclear weapons, which are explosive devices whose destructive power comes from nuclear reactions, which can be fission or fission and fusion together. Regardless of the reaction, both reactions can release massive amounts of energy from a small amount of space. The first fission (nicknamed “atomic”) bomb released the amount of energy 20,000 tons of TNT possesses. However, when the first thermonuclear (nicknamed “hydrogen” bomb) was released, it released the amount of energy 10,000,000 tons of TNT possesses. Therefore, hydrogen bombs are the most powerful explosives ever created by man.
The modern thermonuclear weapon weighed at least 2400 pounds (1100 kg or 1.2 tons), which can release a vast, explosive force with the power of 1.2 million tons of TNT. Because of this, even the smallest nuclear device smaller than the largest traditional bombs can do much more devastation to a city by blast, fire, and radiation. Their power makes nuclear weapons the first weapons of mass destruction to be invented, but their power makes their use and control a major force of international diplomacy since their creation.
Only four nuclear weapons have been used for warfare purposes. The first one was detonated by Edmundian France during the French Civil War. On August 6th, 1945, which was a uranium gun-type device code-named “Napoleon’s Little Friend”. It was detonated in Saint-Louis in the province of Alsace, which forced Albertan France to surrender, allowing Louis XVII to take the crown. The second one was detonated by Americans during the Ceylon War. A plutonium implosion-type device code-named “Liberty’s Fist”. While it managed to give the French-supported Sirimavo side a blow in the war, the death of millions of innocent people horrified the American people and led to a massive drop of support in the war. What made it infamous was that Congress did not permit President Edmund to do this, yet for the sake of victory, he acted without permission. This led to his arrest and trial at the International Supreme Court, making him the first political leader to be tried at the court. He later served life in prison. The third one was detonated by the French and the fourth by the Americans during the Mali War of Independence. The French bomb was a thermonuclear device code-named “Mali’s Demise”. The American bomb was also a thermonuclear device code-named “Counter-demise”. The American bomb detonated on the French bomb just before its target was reached, saving the army of the Malian Independence Movement which would otherwise lead to defeat for the Malian Independence Movement.
The only bombs detonated not used for warfare only served as testing purposes and demonstrations. Their destructive power limits the possessor’s ability the ability to use it at will or not. The Bering Strait Crisis was one of the examples that nearly led to a nuclear war. In fact, the leaders of both France and America both stepped down, realizing the enormous potential of world destruction. Since that day, the international community pursued a goal of eliminating nuclear weapons permanently. Since 1965, the production of nuclear weapons has cease. By 1984, the first START Treaty was signed that began the reduction of nuclear missiles for all possessors of the weapons. There was another START Treaty every five years. By the start of the 21st Century, 80% of all nuclear missiles have been eliminated.
A minority of the world’s nations have the knowledge, ability to produce, and the possession of nuclear weapons. These nations were America, France, China, Japan, Persia-Arabia, Hindustan, Ethiopia, Brazil, and South Africa qualified these requirements. Zanzibar has admitted it had possessed nuclear weapons as a legacy of Brazilian rule over the country. However, it has disassembled their whole arsenal and has been controlled by international safeguards. There are also states suspecting of attempting to create a nuclear bomb, including Ethiopia, Mali and Angola. However, there were economic sanctions and international pressure to counter this situation.
According to recent studies in 2011, 5000 nuclear bombs are possessed in the world, with a thousand kept in “active” status, meaning they are ready for potential use.