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Asia is the largest continent by area and population on Earth. Asia has an area of 44,579,000 sq km (17,212,000 sq mi) and an estimated population of 3.9 billion as of January 15, 2012.
Asia is defined according to similar definitions presented by the Encyclopædia Britannica and the National Geographic Society as four-fifths of the landmass of Eurasia – with the western portion of the latter occupied by Europe – located to the east of the Suez Canal, east of the Ural Mountains and south of the Caucasus Mountains (or the Kuma-Manych Depression) and the Caspian and Black Seas. It is bounded on the east by the Pacific Ocean, on the south by the Indian Ocean and on the north by the Arctic Ocean. Given its size and diversity, Asia – a toponym dating back to classical antiquity – "is more a cultural concept" incorporating diverse regions and peoples than a homogeneous physical entity. Asia differs very widely among and within its regions with regard to ethnic groups, cultures, environments, economics, historical ties and government systems.
There are a total of 17 countries in Asia. These countries, by alphabetical order are
|Country||Capital||Population||Currency||Exchange Rate (US$1 equivalent)|
|Bharati Republic||Karachi||800,000,000||Bharati Rupee||6.09|
|Dravida Nadu||Mumbai||560,000,000||Dravadi Rupee||0.93|
|Empire of Japan||Tokyo||120,750,000||Yen||40.15|
|Federal Republic of Korea||Seoul||56,050,000||Hwan||29,750.00|
|KUP Myanmar||Mandalay||485,925,000||New Kyat||0.89|
|Kingdom of China||Beijing||250,000,000||Wen||1.12|
|People's Republic of the Philippines||Manila||65,500,000||Salapi||4.12|
|Kingdom of Russia||(St Petersburg)||96,075,000||Ruble||0.45|
|Commonwealth of Sarawak||Kuching||35,000,000||Sarawakian Dollar||5.50|
|Republic of China||Guangzhou||756,000,000||Yuan||20.85|
|Republic of Vietnam||Hanoi||68,200,000||Dong||385,000.00|
Asia has many regional organisations, mainly based on economic cooperation. There are also a religion-based regional organisations - for Buddhism - and a loose defence agreement
The organisations are:
|ASEAN (Association of Southeast Asian Nations)||Majapahit, Myanmar, Sarawak, the Philippines, Vietnam||Economic|
|Asian Regional Council||North China, South China, Dravida Nadu, Japan, Korea, Myanmar, Majapahit, the Philippines, Sarawak, Tibet, Vietnam||Defence|
|CCAS (Commonwealth of Central Asian States)||Persia, Uyghurstan, Bharat Republic||Economic|
|FBN (Federation of Buddhist Nations)||Bharat Republic, Japan, Korea, South China, Majapahit, Myanmar, Persia, Sarawak, Tibet, Vietnam||Religious|
|MECO (Middle East Cooperation Organisation)||Arabia, Persia, Turkiye, Uyghurstan||Economic|
|SARA (South Asia Regional Association)||Bharat Republic, Dravida Nadu, Myanmar (Observer), Tibet||Economic|
Buddhism is the largest religion in Asia. Of Asia's population of 3.9 billion, there are around 3.2 billion Buddhists, 400 million Hindus, 300 million Taoists and 50 million followers of minor religions such as Christianity, Islam, Jainism, Shintoism and tribal religions.
Buddhism is the dominant religion in a number of nations:
- South China (93% - 703.22 million)
- Bharat Republic (69% - 552.7 million)
- Myanmar (98% - 476.6 million)
- Persia (94% - 376.9 million)
- Majapahit (90% - 205.2 million)
- North China (72% - 180 million)
- Japan (93% - 112.4 million)
- Vietnam (93% - 63.9 million)
- Korea (91% - 51.1 million)
- Sarawak (95% - 33.5 million)
- Tibet (100% - 19.98 million)
It also has significant minorities in a variety of countries:
- People's Republic of the Philippines (46% - 30.5 million)
- Dravada Nadu (14% - 78.5 million)
Hinduism is the second largest religion with over 400 million adherents. They are found mainly in Dravida Nadu (66%), with a sizeable minority in Bharat (27%) and Majapahit (8.9%).
Taoism is the thirld largest religion in Asia and the world, with over 300 million followers. Taoists are found mainly in North China, South China, Korea, Sarawak and Vietnam.
Christianity was a major religion in Asia during the 1st millennium CE. However, it gradually declined into a minor religion with about 27 million followers, mainly in parts of Turkiye.
Islam is an important religion in Arabia, adhered to by around 11% of the population. However, it has been in steady decline since the overthrow of the Saud dynasty in 1911.
The combined economy of Asia is the largest in the world, producing over 60% of the world's GDP. The economy of Asian nations vary widely, from the technologically advanced economies of Japan, Korea, Myanmar and South China, to agrarian or natural resource reliant economies such as Arabia, Dravida Nadu, Persia and Tibet.
|Country||GDP, billions $ (Nominal)||GDP per capita (Nominal)||GDP, billions $ (PPP)||GDP per capita (PPP)|