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Artsakh (New Union)

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Republic of Artsakh
Արցախի Հանրապետություն (hy)
Республика Арцах (ru)

Republic of the Soviet Union
Timeline: New Union

OTL equivalent: Portions of the Nagorno-Karabakh Republic.
Flag of Nagorno-Karabakh Coat of arms of Nagorno-Karabakh
Flag Coat of Arms
Location of Artsakh (New Union)
Location of Artsakh
Capital Stepanakert
Other cities Aghdara, Khojavend, Shusha
Language
  official
 
Armenian and Russian
  others Azerbaijan, Greek, Ukrainian
Religion
  main
 
Oriental Orthodoxy
  others Evangelicalism, Shia Islam
Demonym Artsakhian
Legislature Supreme Soviet
Area 5,018 km²
Population 710,845 
Established 1991
Admission 1993
Time zone BAKT (UTC+3)
  summer BAKST (UTC+4)
Abbreviations SU-AR

Artsakh (Armenian: Արցախ, Arts'akh; Russian: Арцах), officially known as the Republic of Artsakh, is a republic of the Soviet Union which is located in the southern Caucasus. Artsakh is the only Soviet republic to be completely enclaved by another (that being Azerbaijan). The republic is mostly mountainous, with Mount Mrav being the highest peak.

The region was originally organized as the Nagorno-Karabakh Autonomous Oblast within the Azerbaijan SSR, despite having a population mostly comprised of Armenians. By the late 1980s, conflict against Azerbaijani control began among the Armenian population, a crisis which soon involved the deployment of Soviet troops into the region. An all out civil war was averted in late 1991 as when Azerbaijan and the the Soviet Union agreed to allow more autonomy for the region, in exchange that they abandon their goals of reuniting with Armenia (which at the time had gained independence from the USSR). Artsakh would later be elevated into a full republic and would be regarded as something of a successor state to the former Armenian SSR.

Nagorno-Karabakh regions named english

Map of Artsakh.

The vast majority of Artsakh's population is comprised of ethnic Armenians; with Azerbaijanis, Georgians, Greeks, Russians, and Ukrainians making up the minority. Most of the residence speak Armenian, with Russian being a de fact and secondary language. Most of the population is Christian and adhere to the Armenian Apostolic Church. Eastern Orthodoxy and Evangelicalism form the largest minority, though Shia Islam retains some following. The Artsakhian economy is dominated by agriculture and viticulture. In recent years, the republic has relied on tourism. Politically, the republic has been dominated by the Democratic Party and the Liberal Party.


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