Arthur I of England and Ireland was the son of Henry IX and Princess Maria of Portugal, daughter of John III of Portugal. He was born in 1544 and grew up in the disaster of his father's reign. His daughter would be skipped in favour of her uncle Edward VI due to the fact that female inheritance for England would be made into law during the reign of Henry X, long after Elizabeth died and her family didn't want to claim a colonial empire of that size. He started the huge war for Portugal that lasted for a year between 1574 and 1575, undermining the power of the monarchy and topping off the discontent in Ireland, eventually this caused the creation of the Frith-Béarla. Two years later conspirators removed him and two weeks later he died of unspecified causes. Edward VI would eventually have to repair the state and reconnect with Europe.