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The agreement ending major European hostilities in the Great War (1914-1918) signed June 17, 1918, in Soisssons, France. The day is celebrated as a holiday in many countries throughout Europe. Germany unilaterally declared a ceasefire with China, (as a practical matter there were no active hostilities) Germany would sign a peace agreement with China in 1919. A state of war between Germany and Japan technically existed until 1946 terminating with the signing of the San Francisco Accords, by Japan and the United States, Great Britain, China, Korea, and Germany, formally ending the Great Pacific War and the Great War as to Germany and Japan. It was impossible for Germany to enforce sovereignty over Northern Pacific possessions occupied by Japan, which were ceded to the United States. See also Damascus Armistice, Trieste Armistice.
For the Entente:
- Stéphen Pichon, French foreign minister
- First Sea Lord Admiral Rosslyn Wemyss, the British representative
- General Weygand, Marshal Foch's chief of staff
For Germany and Austria-Hungary
- Field Marshal Paul von Hindenburg, for the German Supreme Command
- Major General Detlof von Winterfeldt, the army;
- Captain Ernst Vanselow, the navy
A separate armistice took effect in the Near East between Anglo-French forces and the Ottoman Empire.
The terms contained the following major points:
- Termination of all military hostilities in Western Europe, that is along the Western Front in continental Europe within 12 hours after signature;
- Termination of all military hostilities within 24 hours between Britain, France on the one hand, and the Ottoman Empire on the other pending armistice negotiations in the Balkans and in Mesopotamia and Arabia;
- Termination of all active hostilities between the signing parties in the Balkans within 72 hours, pending armistice negotiations between Bulgaria, Greece, Romania, Montenegro, and Albania, and that any obligation not to make a separate peace is abrogated;
- Termination of all active hostilities by Dominion forces as against German forces in the Pacific within 144 hours -- as a practical matter none existed; Status Quo Ante Bellum in the South Pacific
- Termination of all military hostilities in Africa within 144 hours;
- Status Quo Ante Bellum in Africa;
- Evacuation of all British Empire and Belgian forces from German East Africa as soon as practical;
- Evacuation of all Anglo-French forces from German Kamerun;
- Evacuation of all German forces in British East Africa, and Mozambique;
- Termination of any active support by Great Britain to the Czech legion;
- Demobilization of the Italian, Serbian, and Portuguese Armies;
- Immediate cessation of the British naval blockade;
- Immediate cessation of the German naval (submarine) blockade;
- Duration to be indefinite unless prior notification of repudiation, in which hostilities would recommence in seven days.
The peace between the Quadruple Allies and the Entente Allies would subsequently be settled later in 1918, by the New York Peace Conference, and the Treaty of Manhattan on November 29, 1918, and the Treaty of Sofia on December 13, 1918 (which concluded hostilities between the Ottoman Empire, France and the United Kingdom.) The Second Congress of Berlin in 1922 settled remaining issues and the orderly dissolution of Austria-Hungary.