State of Arizona
— State of the United States of America
Timeline: Alternity

OTL equivalent: Arizona, portions of Sonora, Clark and southern Lincoln & Nye Counties, Nevada
Flag of Arizona
Flag of Arizona
Alternity USA, Arizona, 1997
Location of Arizona in the United States
Capital Phoenix
Largest city Phoenix
Other cities Tucson, Las Vegas, Colorado City, Yuma, Flagstaff
Language English
Ethnic groups
White (non-Hispanic), Hispanic
  others Native American, Black, Asian
Demonym Arizonan
Government Representative
  legislature State Legislature
Governor Fife Symington III (R)
Population 7,977,000 
Admission February 1907
Currency USD
Time zone Mountain & Pacific Standard
  summer Mountain Daylight
(Navajo Nation)
Abbreviations AZ

Arizona (AZ) is a state located in the Southwestern/southern Mountain Region of the United States that shares borders with South California and North California to the west, Nevada and Deseret to the north, New Mexico to the east, and the Mexican province of Sonora to the south. Arizona is a largely desert state, with much of its populace of just under eight million living in major cities like the state capital and largest city of Phoenix (pop. 1,509,000), Tucson, Las Vegas, Colorado City, or Yuma.

Originally a part of the Viceroyalty of New Spain beginning in the 1700s, Arizona eventually became part of the Mexican state of Alta California following that nation's independence in 1821. Following the Mexican American War of 1846-47, modern-day Arizona was included in the territory transferred to the United States as part of the Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo (1848). From 1850 to 1865, Arizona comprised the western half of the Union's New Mexico Territory, after which time it became the separate Arizona Territory. It was finally admitted to the Union as the 49th state on February 14, 1907.

The state is home to the world-famous Grand Canyon – a major domestic and international tourist attraction – and one of the largest populations of Native Americans in the United States, namely the Navajo, Hopi, and Apache tribes. Of these, the Navajo Nation (situated in Navajo, Coconino and Apache Counties) is the largest.


Arizona is subdivided into 18 counties, which are listed below in order of population.

Arizona county map (Alternity)

A map of counties in Arizona.

Rank Name County Seat Population
1 Maricopa County Phoenix 3,000,000
2 Mead County Las Vegas 1,631,000
3 Pima County Tucson 1,160,000
4 Gulf County Colorado City 730,000
5 Pinal County Florence 375,000
6 Yavapai County Prescott 295,000
7 Yuma County Yuma 227,000
8 Cochise County Bisbee 145,000
9 Coconino County Flagstaff 151,000
10 Navajo County Chinle 95,000
11 Apache County St. Johns 70,000
12 Gila County Globe 47,000
13 Graham County Safford 38,000
14 Pah-Ute County Mesquite 32,000
15 Wembler County Caborca 29,700
16 Mojave County Kingman 25,000
17 La Paz County Parker 17,500
18 Moapa County Moapa 9,800

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