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A series of small states linked by language, ethnics, and culture; they became significant generally starting in the mid 8th century, when additional migrations of central Asian peoples entered the region, pushed by the Kushans, and becoming integrated with those already present. The tumult triggered unorganised and unsuccessful incursions against the Andrara Empire to the southeast in the 760s-70s, and the rise of the first Ariaca dynasty: the Khaharata, founded by Satrap Bhumaka (762-872 r.773-808). [POD waves identified] Bhumaka had his son Nahapana (783-853 r.808-853) ascend to the throne at the age of 15 in 808(55), and he proved to be an extremely skilled ruler despite his age. The next year he led the invasion of the Andrara, taking much of its western territories. He set his capital at Avanti(Ujjain) in 820(67), and the coastal city Barzgaza(Bharuch) became very prominent from Roman trade.
Nahapana’s successor Ushavadata (813-879 r.853-879) had to deal with the resurgent Andrara after the ascension of king Satakarni in 831(78), losing Malwa and Western Maharashtra in 878(125). Ushavadata was killed in 879(126) and the Ariaca split into three satraps based at Barzgaza in the east, Vidisa in the south, and Avanti in the north.
During the Kushan’s Great King Shatakdra (r.883-905) the Ariaca became vassals.
- ↑ Ariaca rulers continued to call themselves satraps rather than rajs, likely because they recognised the Kushans who had driven them to their current location, as superiors in strength, though not their actual masters until 900(147).