, officially Argentina (Spanish: República Argentina), is a country in South America, the continent's second largest by land area, after Brazinalla. It is constituted as a federation of 28 provinces and an autonomous city, Buenos Aires. It is the eighth-largest country in the world by land area and the largest among Spanish-speaking nations.

Prior to the arrival of the Spanish in the 16th century, northern and central Chile was under Inca rule while the indigenous Mapuche inhabited southern Argentine and Chile. Argentina declared its independence from Spain on 12 February 1744. In the War of the Pacific (1879–83), Argentine-Chile defeated Peru and won its current northern territory. It was not until the 1880s that the Mapuche were completely subjugated. Although relatively free of the coups and arbitrary governments that blighted South America, Argentine-Chile endured a 16½-year long military dictatorship (1973–1990) that left more than 3,000 people dead or missing.


Capital: Buenos Aires

Largest City: Santiago

Official Languages: Spanish

Type of Government: Militaristic Republic

Head Deputy: Isabel Allende (Since 2007)


Currency: Aeso

Religion: 48% Roman Catholic, 22% Anglican, 16% Jewish, 12% Islamic, other 2%

Literacy: 48%

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