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Argentina (Great Nuclear War)

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Argentine Republic
República Argentina
Timeline: Great Nuclear War

OTL equivalent: Argentina, Falklands and South Georgia
Flag of Argentina Coat of arms of Argentina
Flag Coat of Arms
Argentina orthographic
Mainland Argentina shown in dark green, with territorial claims shown in light green

Motto
"En unión y libertad" (Spanish)
(""In Unity and Freedom"")

Anthem "Himno Nacional Argentino

("Argentine National Anthem")"

Capital
(and largest city)
Buenos Aires
Other cities Rosario, Còrdoba, Medonza, Ushuaia and Stanley
Language
  official
 
Spanish
  others Italian, German, French and others
Religion
  main
 
Christianity
  others Atheist, Protestantism and others
Ethnic Groups
  main
 
Argentinan, Italian, Spanish, German and Europeans
  others Mixed Argentinan, Natives and English
Demonym Argentinans
Government Federal presidential constitutional republic
  legislature Congress
President Raúl Alfonsín
Vice-President Víctor Martínez
Area 2.796.639 km²
Population 30,450,000 
Established 1816
Independence from Spain
  declared 1816
Currency Argentinan Peseta
Argentina, officially the Argentine Republic, is a federal republic in South America. It currently has a political deal with the Falklands, which are in Free Association with Argentina.

History

During the nuclear war the Argentina wasn't hit by any powers and it remain in a stable mod, but the fear and the increase of refugees from Northern Hemisphere lead the government of suspend temporarelly the constitution, but only few refugees arrive from the North, mainly Americans or Panamanians, the Argentinian government accept many refugees was accepted in the first time but after some mounths of refugees they have 

Annexation of the Falklands

Main Article: Falklands War

However, in 1966 the Argentine Government was overthrown in a Coup, replacing Isabel Martínez de Peron with Jorge Rafael Videla, leader of the Militaristic Junta. Whilst this Junta was less than friendly with the Falklands, and cutted many deals, it seemed unlikely that they'd take any action against the Falklands. However, in 1971, Leopoldo Galtieri became the new President of the Junta. Four months into his leadership, his popularity proved to be extremely low, and a plan was hatched to improve public morale.

On the April 2nd 1971, Argentine troops landed in South Georgia, and overthrew the small group of Royal Marines still stationed there. Receiving reports, the Falklands government protested, and began to prepare for an invasion. Concurrently, Argentine Troops landed in Port Stanley. By the end of the day Stanley had fell and the government fell, and over the next few days the rest of the Islands fell under Argentine control.

At this same time Argentines, often with little choice, were "encouraged" to settle on the Islands, and Spanish was made the official language in many quarters.

Democratic Transfer

However, in 1980, after failures continued, Galtieri was desposed and accused of violation of Human Rights. Reynaldo Bignone, formally a Major in the Army, was appointed President. There he started democratic reforms, though also granted amnesty to human rights abusers, himself including. In 1982 the first free elections for over two decades were held, with Raúl Alfonso elected as President, and promptly reversed Bignone's amnesties. Over the next few years he was to take out democratic reforms, preventing any further coups. On the 2nd April 1982, 7 years after direct Argentine rule, the Falklands were granted to become a region of the Argentinia, allowing democratic home rule. Whilst Spanish remained in official and educational use alongside English, many Argentines emigrated back to the mainland, though many stayed too.


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