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Argentina (Great Nuclear War)

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Argentine Republic
República Argentina
Timeline: Great Nuclear War

OTL equivalent: Argentina
Flag of Argentina Coat of arms of Argentina
Flag Coat of Arms
Argentina orthographic
Mainland Argentina shown in dark green, with territorial claims shown in light green

Motto
"En unión y libertad"

("In Unity and Freedom") (None)

Anthem "Himno Nacional Argentino

("Argentine National Anthem")"

Capital
(and largest city)
Buenos Aires
Language None
Demonym Argentina
Government Federal presidential constitutional republic
  legislature Congress
Argentina, officially the Argentine Republic, is a federal republic in South America. It currently has a political deal with the Falklands, which are in Free Association with Argentina.

History

Annexation of the Falklands

Main Article: Falklands War

However, in 1976 the Argentine Government was overthrown in a Coup, replacing Isabel Martínez de Peron with Jorge Rafael Videla, leader of the Militaristic Junta. Whilst this Junta was less than friendly with the Falklands, and cutted many deals, it seemed unlikely that they'd take any action against the Falklands. However, in 1981, Leopoldo Galtieri became the new President of the Junta. Four months into his leadership, his popularity proved to be extremely low, and a plan was hatched to improve public morale.

On the April 2nd 1982, Argentine troops landed in South Georgia, and overthrew the small group of Royal Marines still stationed there. Receiving reports, the Falklands government protested, and began to prepare for an invasion. Concurrently, Argentine Troops landed in Port Stanley. By the end of the day Stanley had fell and the government fell, and over the next few days the rest of the Islands fell under Argentine control.

At this same time Argentines, often with little choice, were "encouraged" to settle on the Islands, and Spanish was made the official language in many quarters.

Democratic Transfer

However, in 1986, after failures continued, Galtieri was desposed and accused of Human Rights. Reynaldo Bignone, formally a Major in the Army, was appointed President. There he started democratic reforms, though also granted amnesty to human rights abusers, himself including. In 1987 the first free elections for over two decades were held, with Raúl Alfonso elected as President, and promptly reversed Bignone's amnesties. Over the next few years he was to take out democratic reforms, preventing any further coups. On the 2nd April 1989, 7 years after direct Argentine rule, the Falklands were granted Free Association Status, allowing democratic home rule. Whilst Spanish remained in official and educational use alongside English, many Argentines emigrated back to the mainland, though many stayed too.


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