The Iberian Peninsula remains divided with Aragon focusing east, Portugal west and Castile south, to a Granada that has convinced the Marinids and Zayyanids to help it against the Catholics.

England is on the run in France thanks to Joan of Arc (even though she was eventually captured and executed) and a new French alliance with Burgundy and Scotland. And now sits in fear as their enemies advance on their last major holding on the continent, Normandy. England is further worried after the successful Welsh revolt and continuous losses against France. The long war has weakened England, with Wales seizing independence and rebellion rising in Ireland. However France has suffered extreme damage and losses in the Hundred Years War, and their King has lost a lot of power with numerous areas having gained autonomy while the largest noble houses are almost independent and vying for the throne.

The vast conglomerate of states that is the Holy Roman Empire is disunited. Archduke Frederick V of Austria is able to grasp the title of King of the Romans and his coronation as Holy Roman Emperor is planned to happen in Rome in 1453. However, the Luxembourgers are using their vassal's (Brandenburg and the Palatinate) votes to become Emperors themselves and Austria must deal with its succession crisis or fall apart like Bavaria. Meanwhile non-German states within the HRE feel abandoned and slowly drift away from the Empire.

The Ottoman Empire, having conquered much of Anatolia, now turns its attention on Constantinople, having developed their forces around the city for the last 20 years.

The Pope, sick of dealing with the squabbling Dukes that rule parts of the Partimony of St Peter, decides to slowly unite them within the Papal States, without their suspicion before it is too late.

Hungary is bordered by the HRE, Poland and the Ottomans, three huge, more powerful states. Venice has seized much of the Hungarian coastline, but Hungary can't retaliate thanks to the Venetian navy. However, the Hungarians might be able to take advantage of the succession war within the HRE, Moldavia and Bohemia, where they have a strong claim. But first they must rebuild their military after their alliance with Serbia was devastated by the Ottomans.

The Teutonic Knights are disunited, the Prussian and Livonian orders disillusioned with each other, weakening them to a Poland-Lithuania that, though large and powerful, has only a coastline on the Black Sea. With Constantinople on the verge of falling, the Polish-Lithuanians need a Baltic port.

Denmark has united the Scandinavian nations and conquered several HRE states in the north. But the powerful Russia and the HRE are still threats, while a land link with Sweden's Finland is needed.

Novgorod is worried by the growing power of Muscovy who may soon be able to dominate the other lesser Russian states. However, both still are under the heel of the weakening Golden Horde.

Japanese pirates take a devastating toll on Chinese shipping thanks to the backward naval theory of the current Chinese Emperor that prevents China from doing anything. However, China is powerful beyond belief on land, with two vassals: Dai Viet and Korea. However Dai Viet is gaining strong independence movements helped by their recent destruction of the Champa Kingdom...

With vast amounts of Chinese influence, a Jurchen man rises from his tribe to unite his people.

The Khmer Empire has fallen, creating a possibility for Thai expansion to start going east instead of north, if they so choose.

India is in chaos after being sacked by the Timurid Empire. However, the Muslims have already devastated much of Hindu India, yet Vijayanagara still remains strong enough to resist ...

The Mamluk Sultanate his at its peak, trying to keep their huge empire whole.

The Aztec have arrived in Central America from somewhere ... Powerful warriors, they are hired by Zapotec city states to fight battles and with a decent amount of backstabbing they hold the most powerful position in Central America, envied by all other states. However, Chichen Itza, the most powerful of the Mayan City-States, may yet be able to unite their brethren against this foe

In Africa, Ethiopia is the only Christian nation in an Africa dominated by Muslims and native religions. Ethiopia seeks to spread the word of the Lord, by force if necessary.

  • Scotland is glad to have allied with the French, and is hopeful that this alliance will weaken the English, who the Scots are rivals with in the power struggle over Great Britain and Ireland. Scottish King James II recognizes the Welsh independence, glad that England is losing control over other Celts. He also orders secret aid to be sent to any Irish who wish to revolt from English domination. Many Scots, spurred on by their dislike of the English, begin to discourage the English-like Scots language in favor of Scottish Gaelic. The University of Glasgow is founded this year. King James II works on weakening the nobles and focusing power on the monarchy, a task which is opposed by the powerful Douglas and Livingstone families. Alexander Livingstone II and Robert Livingstone are both executed, with Alexander I and the others all banished or imprisoned. However, many fear that there is no way for the King to increase his power without antagonizing the Douglasses, and that civil war and strife may follow as the Stewarts and Douglasses vie for control of the Kingdom. The King gathers and prepares his armies, in case of war with either the Douglasses or the English. The chief factor of his preparations are his usage and implementation of new artillery technology.
  • Ashikaga Shogunate begins to build up their military and also expands into the rest of 本州 (Honshū), then entering/expanding into the new island right above them, which they name it 北海道 (Hokkaidō) and begin fighting some of the Ainu there. Shogun Ashikaga Yoshimasa asks for an alliance with Siam and Vijayanagara. Later Shogun Ashikaga Yoshimasa also attempts to stop the Japanese pirates from causing any more disruption. Meanwhile a folk teller in around OTL Sendai area tells a story about two satoris walking through a forest (this doesn't mean anything).
  • Fuman, a Jurchen chieftain, officially unites the divided Jurchen tribes through various means. He officially names the new nation Manchuria, and crowns himself as the first Emperor of Manchuria. The Manchurians begin to expand in the northeast toward the ocean.
  • Brandenburg decides to support Austria's claim to the throne, since they are German comrades, but is disappointed that its own house is not on the throne. To ensure continued existence of the HRE, all member states are strongly advised not to leave the Empire. Meanwhile, diplomats are sent to Austria to discuss a possible centralization or strengthening of the Empire.
    • You are a vassal of Luxembourg, you can only vote for them in Emperor elections.
    • Support. Not voting. There is a massive difference.
  • Austria is happy for Brandenburg's support, and the Emperor meets with the emissaries, where they hash out a rough plan. The Emperor urges that all members of the HRE do not leave, as change is coming that will benefit them all.
  • The Bavaria-Munchen Principality supports the new Emperor on the condition that Bavaria-Munchen is aided in seizing the other areas of Bavaria to form a more united Bavaria. Emissaries are sent to Austria, and Brandenburg to cement a long lasting alliance with the two powers and to determine the new centre of the HRE. Emissaries are also sent to the Bavarian nations directly surrounding Bavaria-Munchen, in hopes of Uniting Bavaria without war.
    • You aren't an elector, you have no voice in the voting of a new Emperor, you can only vote in the Reichstag for or against reforms.
    • I did not say vote, I said SUPPORT, there is a difference. Also what are the requirements to be an elector?
    • There are seven electors, three are the most powerful bishoprics and three are the most powerful Germanic Duchys. The last one is Bohemia. To become an elector you must gain power and then wait for another elector that is a Duchy to get annexed.
  • China demands the ceasing of attacks from Japanese pirates, lest China be forced to take drastic action. Meanwhile, the military is expanded, especially the navy. Naval patrols escort large-sized ships.
    • Shogun Ashikaga Yoshimasa of the Ashikaga Shogunate is already beginning to attempt to stop the Japanese pirates and will stop them.
    • The new nation of Manchuria sends an envoy to the Chinese requesting the honor of establishing an alliance between their two nations.
    • Ah, it's good to be back in the Ming Dynasty.
  • Portugal starts to prepare its armies. Meanwhile, a settlement is established on the island of São Jorge, on the Azores archipelago.
  • Korea requests protection for its ships from Japanese pirates with China, and begins an overhaul of the political system.
  • The Castillian crown decided to prepare his army versus Granada, to march in the Reconquista. The recruitment will increase in northern and central peninsula. It sends a request of economic pact to Portugal and the Crown of Aragon. Without warning the Castilian troops venture into Granadian terrain.
  • The Emirate of Granada sends an alliance and a trade pact to the Mamluks and the Hasfids, while also ambushing the Spanish troops that have entered their country unannounced while sending a few other troops and their allies' troops too attack Castile.
  • Aq Qoyunlu asked an alliance with the Mamluks and Granada. And offers to help contain the Spanish. Also offers economic pact to them, too. Meanwhile, Aq Qoyunlu expands 1000 km2 into Bedouin territory.
    • Muhammed IX accepts all the offers as he would be very happy if Aq Qoyunlu would help against Castile.
  • The Zulu Kingdom begins to slowly expand into the surrounding regions, particularly into northern OTL Mozambique and OTL South Africa. The Zulu Army begins to recruit more troops. Improvement of the infrastructure of Zulu begins.
  • Henry IV is overthrown by Jack Cade's rebellion, and London is put by a few days under a pseudo-commune. But, under the menace of court lords and clergymen seeking for power, Cade opens gates to Richard Neville, 16th Earl of Warwick and Richard, 3rd Duke of York. They both accept to gather a Parliament of the three estates (nobleman, clergy and people) and give it some powers to avoid abuses of power from the King, and Cade accepts to legitimate between his followers Richard of York as King Richard III of England and help sending the Lancasters away. As King, Richard proclaims a new Parliament composed by representatives of the nobility (majority), clergy (minority) and people. Warwick becomes Lord Speaker for the nobility, with power to propose new noble representatives, recognizes the Pope the power of naming the Cardinal Speaker, and designate the episcopal-ranked representatives of the Church, and otorgues Cade the title of Speaker of the Commons, with the power of choose representatives for the people, only with a previous voting of the Parliament or the royal assentment. Neville sends an ambassador to Denmark to congratulate the King for uniting the northern Kingdoms and offer him support against any trouble, but also a skiing his help against France. Neville himself travels to Caen and assassinates by his own hand the last Lancaster refugee, and then takes command of the English forces. Ambassadors offer Austria support if any illegitimate attempt to separate Frederick V from the throne of the HRE occurs, and asks Burgundy to rejoin England in the battle against France. The Anglo-Irish lords and English lords of Ireland start spreading in their dominions and other clans' dominions propaganda against the Scottish and any attempt of them to invade Ireland or even England. The King asks the Welsh to meet at a neutral place to talk about a possible recognition of their independence.
  • Aztec: A great drought begins in the Basin of Mexico, and the great leader of the Aztecs Moctezuma I declares that in a dream he had a vision of the Gods and they were not pleased with the tribute that the Aztecs had given them and so sent the drought to punish the Aztecs. Moctezuma believes that this means that more sacrifices to the Gods must be made however the drought stops them from properly mobilizing an army. Moctezuma declares that the Aztecs must ready themselves for war and plans are made to take tribute from the southern Zapotec states, while they are stronger than those in the north, the tribute will be greater too.
  • Milan agrees to stay in the HRE and loyal to the new Emperor, if he agrees a unification of Genoa and Milan. We also want to declare that if the new Emperor corresponds to the caring wishes of his Italian servants, our loyalty will be his. Help is sent to Castilla and we ask the HRE to support England.
    • Simply declare your cares and concerns to the Emperor, and he will try to find a solution toward them. The Emperor thanks Milan for its support, and expresses support for the possibility of Milan's requests. Bavaria's demands are also considered, but only the Emperor knows what he will do.
  • The Mamluk Empire agrees to establish an alliance with the Emirate of Granada and Aq Koyunlu. They send mild amounts of help to the Emirate of Granada, while a few other troops are sent to Cilicia in the border with the Ottoman Empire.
  • The Despostate of Epirus, seeing that the Ottomans are quickly becoming the prominent power in the Balkan area, begins beefing up their military. The Depost, Leonardo Tocco knows that the Epirians should not ignore the Renaissance that is currently sweeping Italy like a storm, and begins to model Epirus as a modern Italian state, not as a backward Byzantine successor. He personally offers Venice an alliance.
  • Ranawijay, the King of Majapahit attempts to stablize his declining empire. The last important Hindu-Buddhist state in Indonesia, at a time when increasingly threatening Islamic Sultanates are forming in the West. However, Majapahit's navy is still stronger than most of the Sultanates, and stronger than most of the world (Most battles in Indonesia are fought at sea). Hindu Banjar, is pressured into accepting vassal status to Majapahit. Majapahit attempts to do the same with Sunda, but only the south-eastern third of Sunda breaks away from the rest of the nation and joins Majapahit's vassals. The Kings of Sunda immediately declare war on Majapahit. Majapahit requests help from fellow Buddhist and Hindu Powers Vjayanagar, China, the Ashkiga Shogunate, and Siam, in defeating Sunda and the Islamic Sultanates in Indonesia.
    • Shogun Ashikaga Yoshimasa of the Ashikaga Shogunate (Japan) accepts Majapahit's offer of alliance and also sends supplies to help them.
    • Sunda was still Hindu/Buddhist/native religion, just like Majapahit, at this time.
    • You're right; Thanks for catching my mistake. I changed the post.
    • Vigaynagar rushes troops by the thousands as another Hindu nation calls out to them. Many fleets are launched to aid the Mahapajit. They also ask to make this temporary alliance permanent along with important trading treaties.
  • Papal States: Under influence from Nicholas V, the citizens of the Papal States greatly look forward to unifying the lands of Rome and St Peter. While an unsuspected violent aggression is not wished, several hundred military men are prepared at the border, and more and more men are enlisted. The Pope hopes that the nation, which would between both seas of Italy, would possibly encourage the growth of the Papal Navy.
  • Chichen Itza: The Emperor of Chichen Itza begins to expand his power across the other Mayan city-states. Through arranged marriage and political agreements, the Emperor hopes to gain more influence over the Yucatan.
  • Morocco: Entering the fifth decade of the century, it becomes increasingly clear the large group of separate, nationalistic tribes is near-impossible to unite, now only, and barely united against the pleas of help from their Islamic Friends in Granada. Various tribes protest at the choice of going on a war against the Iberic Christian Nations, though most support defending the Kingdom of Granada. Morocco asks to let a force of four-thousand to land in Granada, while both the Moroccan and Granada Navy cooperate in the defenses of ports.
  • (Someone check this, I'm horrible with Morocco.)
  • Georgia: The Georgian royal family consolidates control over the nation. Georgia begins to improve and slightly expand the military focusing on pikemen and artillery to counter their neighbor's extensive use of cavalry. An alliance and trade deal are sent to the other Orthodox nations of Novgorod, Muscovy and the Despostate of Epirus.
    • How exactly are you going to be able to contact the Russians? The Mongol Hordes are in the way.
    • The Horde is collapsing in a rather bloody and chaotic manner. A few messengers would probably slip right through the cracks.
  • France is glad that with the England losing and with numerous supporting allies, the country can finally receive payback for the destruction they caused in the Hundred Years' War. They SECRETLY meet with the Welsh and Scottish, who suggest at invading and dividing England for themselves as the divine punishment for their action. However, the King is obviously aware of the massive destruction left behind. Thinking Joan of Arc would be able to produce a heir, he is considering for her to be a member of the royal family through a marriage of one of the Princes. The King meets with his advisors and cardinals, telling them they will have much work to do once the war is over. The King plans to kick the English out of the last two territories before they launch the offensive onto England. The military begins the invasion of Normandy to take the capital of Rouen and chase the English out to sea. Once that is done, they will take Calais. All of this is done without mercy.
    • Joan of Arc is already dead. The moderator event was confusing. The victories she won were a couple decades ago.
    • The Scots state that they will back France, though they still have their own internal disputes.
    • Thought that would happen the next year. Hope you don't mind, I'll correct the mod event.
    • French Diplomacy: It asks the Scots to help improve relations by establishing a marriage between one of their Princes and Princesses.
    • Scotland is sad to say that they currently have no Princes, and their King has just married. They will still be allies of the French against England nevertheless.
  • Venice proposes an alliances with Poland-Lithuania, Denmark and France as it concerned with the power of the HRE which effectively surrounds the tiny merchant republic. Venice constructs more ships to defend the city and fortifies its coastal holdings. Venice offers sanctuary to the Byzantine Emperor and promises support should the Ottomans attack as the loss of Constantinople would be a blow to all Christian trade. Venice consolidates its takeover of Hanseatic assets across the HRE and now stands as the largest trade centre in Europe controlling the trade routes across the HRE, Central Europe and the Balkans. With vast amounts of wealth entering the republic the Doge, Francesco Foscari, is concerned at potential greed and jealousy from nearby nations and thus orders the republic to focus on its land forces, especially on the Milanese border. He however, is troubled by his son's imprisonment on Crete for bribery which has caused a decline in the Doge's attentiveness to government duties. The Council of Ten are ready to replace the Doge and following his son's second sentence this year, force Francesco to resign and vote in Dogo Pasquale Malipiero whose family is a rivals of Foscari's.
    • French Diplomacy: Although it was ironic how they used to be enemies, it sees the Ottomans as a potential threat for all of Europe and also allows Byzantine refugees in. They agree to Venice's request as they too, are concerned about the Holy Roman Empire.
  • Serbia: The entire country is in total disarray. For decades, the country has had almost no resemblance of any government - only loosely held by Serbian Despot, Đurađ Branković. The Despot had fled to Hungary, after the Ottoman Empire had ravaged the land of the Serbs. Branković is eager to get back Nándorfehérvár (Modern-Day Belgrade). However, Hungarian and Serbian Armies have been outright crushed by the brutal Ottoman Horde. Having no access to the sea, being surrounded by more powerful hostile states, and it appears that Hungary is becoming more and more unlucky, and may not be enough to save Serbia. Branković does not want Serbia to become an Islamic state, and a vassal of the Ottoman Empire. The Despot sends a secret messenger to Kraków in Poland, where we request an audience with King Casimir IV Jagiellon, to forge a secret alliance with Poland to protect Europe from the Turkish barbarians.
  • The indigenous Nabhani dynasty solidify their control of Oman, and Abul Hassan of Oman dies and is succeeded by Omar ibn al Khattab, who declares himself Sultan of Oman. The Sultan orders a map of the world to be made so the Sultan can get a better idea of how Oman stands the world. After a few months this is made, and the Sultan's cartographers present Sultan Omar ibn al Khattab with a grand map and a collection of stories, tales and histories of the world are presented alongside the map. The Sultan studies all these texts and maps carefully, learning much and leading the Sultan to believe that Oman must do its best to spread the glory of Islam. As such the Sultan vows to send aid to Muslim countries to help them in their wars against non-Muslim nations. As part of this plan Oman offers alliances to neighbouring Aq Qoyunlu and the Mamluk Sultanate. Oman also builds up its military, focusing a lot on the navy to allow Oman to safely communicate and trade with the rest of the world. With military protection more Omani merchants take to the seas to trade in India, Indonesia, Far east Asia and the eastern coastline of Africa. Oman expands southward by 2000 sq km as Omani herders and miners expand their operations into the desert, native Bedouin nomads are pushed out of this territory as they fear Omani military force being used against them.
  • Ethiopia: Emperor Zara Yaqob of Ethiopia begins centralizing power into his hands, placing rebellious ras' (Ethiopian equivalent of Duke), on trial should they try to defy his will. Efforts to reform the awful standards of living of the peasant class are suggested. The Emperor wishes to expand the empire, but knows that he can not sustain it with poor farmlands, or maintain control of the lands with malnourished troops. The development of a royal highway to connect the Imperial capital of Gondar with the holy city of Axum is begun, and the formation of an Imperial army to begin expansion of the empire underway. Yaqob is especially interested in using gunpower weapons brought to his realm by the Portuguese, and seeks to build a gunsmith foundry in Gondar to begin supplying his armies with them. Ethiopia expands 1500 sq km to the northeast toward the Red Sea in an effort to establish a port there.
  • Swiss Confederation: Builds up and consolidates military power, hoping to secure the SC as a long-lasting nation capable of defending and attacking with efficiency. The Swiss Confederacy also agrees to stay in the HRE under the current events and circumstances, but we may change our decision if we find the tastes unsuitable for our palates.
  • The Novgorodian Veche Pressures the Muscovite Grand Prince to sign a Ryad in order to maintain his position as the Prince in the Novgorodian lands, on pain of being run out of the position. The Ryad (somewhat of a precursor to a constitution) that would give him only the role of military commander in the case that the Veche agrees to assemble a druzhina for a military action, and appoint a tysychnik (a man born in Novgorod, and approved by the Veche) to oversee most of the executive actions. The Boyar Duma decides to purchase a few arquebuses for the druzhina. Novgorod's small fleet of Kosh ships continues to roam the north. The Veche also declares that the Novgorodan people refuse to pay taxes to a man born outside the Novgorod Lands, or bribe them not to attack. The Novgorod people know that this is ultimately aimed at the Golden Horde, and know that they will either have to cross Muscovy to get their taxes by force, or to cross the frozen north and bogs (the reason Novgorod was not conquered by Mongols in the first place). The Novgorodian principality is gambling, and is hoping that Moscow's desire to get rid of the Tatar yoke is greater than its desire to take lands in Novgorod filled with animals and expensive furs.
  • Vijayanagara little support for their present Maharaja but he manages to hold on for now. One of his first actions this year is to aid its fellow Kingdom in the South East. Many ships are sent to help Mahapajit stay strong and many soldiers are sent. The new Maharaja also orders the army to be amped up and research be put into new technologies such as cannons and longbows. He also issues a huge building up of the forces for an invasion next year to gain control of traditionally Vijayi lands. Alliances are also sought after to stabilize the nation's position.
  • Poland accepts the Venetian and Serbian alliances. They propose an alliance to Denmark as well to take down the Teutonic Order which shows signs of fragmenting into civil war. This way their navy will be able to function fully even if Constantinople falls. The Poles expand their army and proposes to invade the Golden Horde with the aid of the Russian states.


Kotte finishes its conquest of Jaffna.

Japanese Pirates, having lost support from the state, take over Ryukyu and use the island nation as their new launching base for raids on both Japanese and Chinese shipping.

A Civil War breaks out in Navarra.

Humanist philosophy and art continues to flourish in the Italian states, slowly spreading northward. One leading artist is Donatello, who currently works in Florence, commissioned by the powerful Medici family.

    • Sorry for having put a link, but I didn't know how to explain this civil war. My only two sources either were very long, and unsuitable for a few lines, or so short that it barely explains anything.
    • 'That's it? There must be more mod events!' Hub
    • There doesn't need to be many more, last year was an exceptionally active year because it was the first of the game. But I'll add another one.
    • What did you want? I only found these.
  • Ashikaga Shogunate continues to build up their military and also expands into 北海道 (Hokkaidō) and continues fighting some of the Ainu there. Shogun Ashikaga Yoshimasa continues to ask for an alliance with Siam and Vijayanagara. Later Shogun Ashikaga Yoshimasa continues to stop the Japanese pirates from causing any more disruption and continues sending supplies to help Majapahit. Meanwhile the same folk teller, Jūzō Ayase, in around OTL Sendai area writes out another story about the two Satoris; the two Satoris go to adopt the Kasha and all later move underground to their own temple.
    • Vijayanagara establishes an alliance with the Japanese, but in return would like more details on new ship designs and ship-building techniques.
    • Shogun Ashikaga Yoshimasa accepts and gives them the plans and blueprints (for lack of a better word) about the ship designs and ship-building techniques that the Japanese use.
  • Portugal continues preparing their armies. Meanwhile, João Gonçalves Zarco receives the captaincy of Funchal. Funchal also is elevated to a town on the same year. Meanwhile, King Afonso V's wife, Isabel de Coimbra, gives birth to a son, which is then called João, who dies some time later.
  • The Holy Roman Emperor starts to send copies of the new treaty and plan toward centralizing the HRE to other members, and asks that they look at it and consider it. The Emperor, seeking to heal the schism and join east and west, announces his betrothal to the niece of the Byzantine Emperor (trust me, this is legitimate). The wedding, which can be attended by almost anyone, is scheduled to take place this September, if no noble objects. The Emperor would also like to talk to the Doge of Venice at his earliest convenience.
    • The newly elected Venetian Doge takes a trip to Austria to probe the potential Imperial threat.
  • The alliance from Manchuria is accepted after a few months of decision-making. Shortly thereafter, China declares war on and invades the Oirat Khanate. Troops pour from China into the Khanate. Help from Manchuria and Korea is requested. China's vassal, Dai Viet, pledges troops to China for the cause.
  • In Burgundy the Duchy supports the choice from the Emperor into unite the east and west Christendom in other news despite the advise from the other German states the Duchy, wishes to leave though this idea is currently not a priority and we will stay in the Empire for a while. (Also, may I ask another color - maybe a blue color please?)
    • ​Nope, colours are hard enough to make as it is.
  • The Castilian troops recede due to Muslim power, so it is anticipated that they will lose the war if they continue like this. So Castilian diplomats propose a military alliance with Portugal, Aragon and Burgundy "against" Muslims. Besides Christian appeal against the "heretic scum" says to the Papacy, but doubt their intervention. It also sits next to Aragon talk about a possible royal marriage in the near future. They appreciate the support that has been given Milan and say that it will consider in the future.
    • Burgundy agrees in the alliance and we shall help you fight these heretics.
    • Sorry won't let me use bold. The war is already over!!! Willster22 (talk) 21:45, September 5, 2012 (UTC)
    • Is true >_< sorry. Well, post-war alliance XD. You write about the Castilian defeat and I diplomatically answer my defeat.
    • French Diplomacy: It asks the country for an alliance and trade agreements, and also a marriage of one of their Princes and Princesses.
  • Aq Qoyunlu spreads another 1000 km2 into Bedouin Territory. The Aq Qoyunlu-lu are glad to have Oman as an Ally.
  • Granada works on there infrastructure and economy now that the war is over so they can support a larger military. Muhammed XI has a child with his wife. The child is named Mohammad. The Emirate of Granada is renamed to the Sultanate of Granada.
    • Castille offers a truce for ten years and and recognize the Grenadines conquests in the war.
    • Muhammed XI offers a 20 year truce if they give the more territory.
    • John of Castille accepts.
  • The Scottish King, realizing that the Douglases are his main enemy, decides that he must get rid of them. He meets with James Douglas, asking if James would side with the King over his older brother William. James refuses and insults the King, resulting in a short duel. James II is a better swordsman than James Douglas, and he kills the rebellious lord. Knowing that if William found out, it could lead to civil war, James II covers up James Douglas's death as an accident. When William and the other Douglases are gathered at the funeral for the dead James, the King recommends that they hold the services in a side building instead of the actual church as the side building is larger. Once they are no longer in a church, and the priest has snuck out, James II has nothing to hold him back from firing one of his new cannons at the building, killing all of the Douglasses. There is discontent among some lords, but with no family to gather around, James holds onto his throne with no civil war. The Scottish King, pleased at the cannon's success, orders many more to be built.
  • Korea, in order to protect against Japanese pirates, begins a huge revamp of the army and navy. The navy and army, which are made of up of mostly incompetent political ass-kissers is completely renovated, with actual competent officers going in there. The same happens in the army. Korea also helps invade the Khanate, in return for more independence and trade deals. Korea also launches an invasion of Taiwan, which is ridiculously easy except for the body of water in the middle. (?)
  • France continues the offensive against the English in Normandy, intending to capture the provincial capture and force any English forces out. They SECRETLY ask the Scots to persuade the Irish to invade the English parts of the isle while invading northern England as a way of distraction. Seeing a marriage as a way to improve relations, they ask the Castilians for a marriage of one of their Princes and Princesses. Meanwhile, they country begins establishing reforms aiming at abolishing feudalism and strengthening the government's power. They do this as a way to increase control of the numerous French vassal states and reunite the country. They use very incentive, such as bribe and privileges, in order to get the nobles to rejoin the country as provinces and not vassals. Meanwhile, they send some of their leading artisans to Italy to study its work.
  • Zulu Kingdom: The Zulu expands 1500 sq m southward along the coast of the Indian Ocean and OTL South Africa. The Zulu King orders the construction of a seaport to begin regional trade with other tribes and African-based countries. The Zulu Army recruits a small number of soldiers, while improvement of infrastructure in the Kingdom continues with the construction of bridges across small rivers, and the designing of a layout for the new capital city begins.
  • Ethiopia: The empire expands an additional 1,000 sq km to the coast of the Red Sea toward OTL Massawa. Emperor Jara Fekadu continues to centralise power to the crown, but faces heavy resistance from a group of ras'. He orders their immediate apprehension and prosecution, leading to an outcry from a number of loyal supporters of the decentralized system. The military is expanded to begin conquering the neighboring Kingdom of Adal, and suppress the aggressive Muslim state. Popular support for the planned invasion drives the Imperial army's numbers high, allowing for a possible assault in the next year. Dejazmach Kiros Bayissa is ordered to prepare his forces for the next year's offensive, and to gather any potentially rebellious ras' for the campaign. The Emperor needs them away from the empire to gain additional power for the throne.
  • The Mamluks, after support is over in the war, begin to look for a way to secure a supply route between the Mediterranean Islamic states, and to increase trading within the Indian Ocean Trade Route without depending on monsoons, begin to develop their ships. Copts and Syriacs begin to adopt a more cultural identity and their languages begin to grow in some areas. Christianity, however, does not grow. The Mamluks begin to send small tributes to the Funj in hopes of exerting control over them (I do believe this is only a full turn, but correct me if I'm wrong)
    • Do the Mamluks accept Oman's offer of an alliance which was given last turn?
  • Papal States - The Papal States are close to continue efforts into unifying itself with St Peter. However, there is growing worry that Florence and Siena may see this as an act of war. More and more troops are prepared for any act of war. As well, increased tension between the States and the Hafsids grow as Hasfid pirates threaten trade ships. As a result, Pope Nicholas V authorizes the improvement of the Papal navy, and even benefit the nation in the events of war and crusades.
    • Venice continues offering up its navy for Papal uses as it has for hundreds of years.
  • Chichen Itza: Expands its navy by order of the Emperor, who received a message from the gods about a paradise beyond the sea. The Emperor also begins his plan to stabilize the Mayans by gradually taking control. The influence of the Emperor is spread to nearby city-states through a plan of the Emperor's, which involves sending several citizens to the cities. While there, the citizens will gather support for the Emperor, which will over time establish a pro-Chichen Itza mindset.
  • Swiss Confederacy: This year's budget is devoted to infrastructure/roads, along with fortifications along the border.
  • Morocco: Various disputes erupt between tribes in Morocco, the attempt to centralize a government are fruitless, one of the largest and most influential groups in Morocco calls for a meeting between the 'head of states', calling for unification for future threats. It asks Granada for a treaty to allow Moroccan and Granadan Merchants easier acess to their respectful territories.
  • Majapahit, continuing its war with Vjayanagaran and Askigan aid, it beginning to stabilize. The introduction of large amounts of weaponry and technology from India and Japan have brought about a minor economic boom. To the islands. More dirt roads are built across the islands, allowing greater numbers of troops to be recruited and to move around the islands. Official embassies are built in India and Japan.
  • The Despotate of Epirus continues working on their military, with several barracks built in the capital city. Italian culture, and especially art and science influences the whole of Epirus. However, older Epirans distrust the Italian culture, due to Italy being Catholic, and Epirus being Orthodox. Venice is offered an alliance again.
    • Venice accepts the alliance and asks for exclusive trade rights within Epirus.
  • Milan: Infrastructure, stability and economy are the concerns this year. We offer our support to the Papal States unifying with St. Peters. Some fortifications are built in the Venetian border in response to Venetian previous acts. Milan supports the actions taken by the HRE.
  • England improves its army. King Richard III asks Portugal for an alliance against the French and he promises to give Portugal a commercial foothold in the Channel if they help against France. He also asks John II of Castile an alliance, under the following conditions: As son of a Lancaster, John will renounce any claim on the English throne and legitimate Richard III; Anne of York (12 years of age), Richard's daughter, will marry Henry of Trastamara (26 years of age), John's son; England will support the Castilian crusades against the Muslims; England will give Edward of York (nine years of age), the current heir, to the Castilian court as pupil of the King, and lands in England and seats in the Parliament will be guaranteed to Castilian nobles, appointed by King John. Also England says Austria, Milan and the centralist faction of the Holy Roman Empire that they will support the centralization through military, diplomacy and commerce, avoiding any attempt to stop the process. They say, also, that as soon as the war ends, Calais will become a principality under the English King and they want to join the Empire to strengthen it and help in the centralization, also Elizabeth, Duchess of Suffolk (seven years of age), Richard's daughter, will be promised in marriage to any children or heir Frederick V has in the future (he's childless at the moment). In return, he asks support from the Empire and its principalities against France. The navy is improved and sails to France to join the battle. Irish mercenaries and non-English noblemen are hired to keep peace in the borders, strengthening the relationship betwee England and the Irish lords. The Anglo-Irish lords support England against France and establish their own parliament (though only two states, nobility and people, as many of them dispute for the Catholic or the Irish church). Richard Neville sends message to Pope Nicholas V saying that England is gonna support the States of the Church in any conflict it faces and in the current process of unification and sovereignty reaffirmation, and many English lords with marriages, influences or good relations with the Dukes of Romagna start supporting the process by diplomacy. England itself supports the Pope by commerce, and promises to send some ships as soon as they can to help strengthening the Papal navy. An ambassador asks an alliance to Milan for supporting England's previous requests.
    • Milan accepts, we will speak in your favor within the Holy Roman Empire.
    • French Response: It tells Castille that it will do the very same thing. However, they will also provide free trade for both nations.
    • Castillian Diplomacy: Castille will accept the alliance only if support England in the future unification of the peninsula in an Iberian Union and will recognized.
    • England will support the unification. They ask for help against France as soon as possible.
  • Bavaria-Munchen expands its military while continuing to send propaganda and gold to the other surrounding Bavarias in hopes of uniting Bavaria. The King of Bavaria-Munchen thanks the Emperor for allowing Bavaria-Munchen to speak on the issue of Bavarian Unity within His court. Bavaria-Munchen asks Milan for an inter-empire trade alliance that would help bring the southern HRE closer together. Humanist ideas begin to slowly seep north into Munchen, but the Church repels such heresy. An offer of personal alliance is extended by Emperor's favor, to the Swiss Confederacy. A new cathedral called Saint Henry's Cathedral is currently under construction in Munchen. This will be the largest Bavarian Cathedral dedicated to the service of the Church in hopes of gathering favor with the Pope.
    • Milan says yes, we hope inter-empire relations be improved with this. If the Swiss Confederacy joins the trade routes would be easier.
    • French Diplomacy: France asks Bavaria for an alliance and trade agreement.
    • Bavaria Dip: If it is in the will of our Emperor we accept said trade agreements, we cannot commit to a full alliance without the blessings of the HRE Emperor who is from Austria.
  • The Manchurians begin expanding their country north. The Manchurians officially join the Oirat War, as they want to give their new army some valuable experience in battle. They request that a portion of Oirat's eastern territory be given to their country. The Manchurians commission an expedition to explore the body of water that local cartographers are calling Dōnghǎi (Or "Eastern Sea", aka OTL Pacific Ocean). The explorers make landfall on what they call "Huàtài" (OTL Sakhalin). They immediately claim the island for the Empire of Manchuria.
  • Denmark Accepts the Alliance with Venice, and offers an alliance to Poland. Sweden and Swedish Finland begin expanding north to create a land connection between the territories. The King orders a massive Naval expansion Project to commence, with the first of many ships hitting the water within a month of this order. The land based military is also upgraded.
  • Lakota Tribes: The Lakota build bigger settlements where game is more plentiful. Better hunting bows and winter resistant fur is updated and given to hunters and warriors. The Lakota elders encourage more Birthrates among the tribes to expand.
  • Sultan Omar ibn al Khattab of Oman oversees the continued buildup of Oman's military, and the Sultan also encourages the local Sheikh leaders to build ports and trade with the world. He also promises protection against the Bedouin nomads to the Omani people expanding the country southward. Thanks to the protection against Bedouin nomads, Oman expands southward by 1500 sq km. Oman also tries to start diplomacy with the Bedouin nomads to try to encourage some of them to pledge allegiance to the state; some nomad tribes decide to join Oman and other's fiercely resist, mostly because of not wanting to pay taxes. The capital Muscat undergoes a large re-building program as a large citadel in the middle of the city to protect Muscat and house the Sultan's government begins to be built, along with a new set of walls to defend the entire city and a re-vamp of current fortifications.
  • Siam: King Trailokanat begins reforming the administration of the Kingdom to increase tax efficiency and to help fund the royal army. He begins putting forth reforms to further centralize power. Another aim is to secure access to gunpowder and Chinese firearms which the King has taking a great interest in. No expansion is made as the King considers the best way to expand with the east and South seeming the most tempting areas but reforms will be conducted before any expansion begins.
  • Bahmani Sultanate: The Sultan, Aladdin Ahmad Shah, begins a plan to expand into the ravaged north and east. He intends to move mainly with settlers into the areas in question as opposed to military, as they do not possess a particularly strong one. Taxes are introduced and lowered for those who consent to move to the new settlements. As a result borders are expanded to the north and east by 500 sq km.
  • The Ottomans launch the full attack on the Byzantine empire, using its full power. Someone please do an algorithm, if I win I annex all of Byzantine empire and capitol will go to Constantinople. Sorry I took so long to post. With the fall of Constantinople, the Byzantines empire falls to the Ottomans, and the BE is annexed by the Ottoman empire.
    • Ahhm, I don't think that this will be possible. If you annex the capital, then there is no more Byzantine Empire - just Attica, or Morea, depending of which area you take.
    • The shattered remains of the Byzantine Empire would fall if the Ottomans took 0.1% of their territory. The Ottomans can annex all of it.
    • Well, since your war score is 40% now, you can annex them.
  • Aztec: The drought in the gulf continues and the Aztecs patiently wait it out training up their forces with small border skirmishes all the while desperately conserving crops. In an effort to fight the drought crops are more thoroughly farmed and this method of farming begins to spread, helping to quell the problems of the drought. Moctezuma begins to consolidate powers from the local governments to himself, and some local leaders become wary of his tactics.
  • Venice seizes the Byzantine territories in Greece with the support of the people. Demetrios Palaiologos, claimant to the Byzantine throne is installed in the Empire's Greek lands as a vassal of Venice. Venice upgrades its navy and army fortifying its holdings. Venice continues consolidating its trade hold on the HRE.


The volcano Kuwae erupts on the OTL Vanatu islands. The eruption has a subsequent global cooling effect.

Humanist philosophy and art begin to spread north from Italy.

There are rumblings in Lower Austria with Albert VI raising an army and preparing to storm Vienna and claim the throne. He is supported by King Ladislaus of Hungary who also claims the Austrian throne.

The Golden Horde and its vassals attack Muscovy and Novgorod with full force. Thousands of Mongol warriors ride into the Kingdoms bringing death and destruction. The Horde is at the gates of Moscow by the year's end.

  • Ashikaga Shogunate continues to build up their military and also expands more into 北海道 (Hokkaidō) and continues fighting against the Ainu there. Shogun Ashikaga Yoshimasa is angered that the Japanese Pirates took over Ryūkyū Kingdom and declares the Ryūkyū Kingdom to be an enemy of Ashikaga Shogunate, later trade ships are guarded with military ships and the military ships that guard trade ships continues battling against the Japanese Pirates. Shogun Ashikaga Yoshimasa also begins planning on how to take out the Ryūkyū Kingdom and also attempts to look for an exploit to use so to take them out easier and also thinks of a way to take out the Japanese Pirates more efficiently. Later 函館市 (Hakodate) is established as a new city on 北海道 (Hokkaidō). Jūzō Ayase writes yet another story, this time the two female Satoris with their pet Kasha run into a Kasa-obake that tried to scare them but failed.
  • Scottish King James II manages to crush weak revolts by unorganized enemy nobles. He continues improving the Scottish artillery and other parts of their navy. He sends messengers to Castille and Portugal, asking for trade with the two powerful marine powers, as it will help the inclusion of the fairly isolated Scotland in European affairs and help Iberian merchants.
  • Muscovy Announces that it is no longer a tributary of the Golden Horde, changing its name from the Duchy of Muscovy to the Kingdom of Muskova. The army is called out for defence. Offers of alliances are sent to the Ottomans and Novogorod.
    • The Ottomans cautiously accept
    • You know... Moscow was a grand Duchy/Principality (either one is acceptable) for 70 years after the official end of the Tatar Yoke. It was only Ivan IV that felt that the nation had enough territory to become a Tsardom/ And Yes. Novgorod accepts the alliance.
  • Ottoman Empire: with the annexation of the Byzantines the Ottomans turn their attentions away from Europe and declare war on the nation on the empire's eastern border, I can't read the name on my tablet, and Ottoman forces invade the nation.
    • There is no small nation on OTL Lebanon.
    • We have a labelled map, try to find wherever you are looking for now. Unless you were calling the Mamluks small (which I doubt)
    • Then it's either Alaiye or Karaman. Since Alaiye is a vassal of Karaman, you are going to war with Karaman regardless of who you attack.
  • Korea continues the settlement of Taiwan, as well as the brutal genocide of the tribes living there. Korean explorers discover the Philippines, and a scout party is sent there. It seems to be the same tribal communities that dominated Taiwan, and Korea begins to look for another expansion - this time into the Philippines.
  • Portugal answers some offers that they received the two last years. They accept the English alliance, though they are confused by the offer, as they already had an alliance with England. They also ask for explanations about this commercial foothold. About the recent Castillian offers, they are unsure about the proposed alliance, especially after this recent Castillian setback. as of 1452, no proper response about that is given, due to no decision being made yet. However, they ask for explanations about the economic pact offered by Castille in 1450. Meanwhile, on domestic affairs, Diogo de Teive discovers two islands west of the Açores. Considering them another archipelago, he calls them "Ilhas Floreiras". By the end of the year, Teive receives a construction contract for a sugarcane mill on a place known as Ribeira Brava, on the Captaincy of Funchal. Meanwhile, A Flemish noble, called Jacob van Brugge, is granted the Captaincy of the Island of Jesus Cristo, Açores, and permission to lead a contingent of 17 Flemish families to this island, also known as Terceira. Meanwhile, Isabel Of Coimbra gives birth to a daughter, which she calls Joana. The military continues being prepared.
  • Aq Qoyunlu-lular expand 1000 km2 into the Golden Horde's territory to the west of the Caspian. The tribal federation of Aq Qoyunlu starts a slow trend toward centralization. The Aq Qoyunlu also makes an alliance with the Hafsids and the Zayyanids.
  • The Zulu King orders the removal of all natives who oppose the Zulu Kingdom. Meanwhile, the Zulu King establishes a council that will give advice to the King for his decisions. Improvement of infrastructure continues, and the seaport is expected to be finished by 1456.
  • Majapahit: finishes its war with Sunda. Majapahit takes 10% of Sunda's territory (in addition to the third it nabbed back in 1450. It enacts tax and infrastructure reforms in order to improve the 1000 vassals, bringing them out of civil disarray. The King uses the vassals as a sort of testing ground for reforms that he later plans to enact in Majapahit.
    • You only got 10% of Sunda in the algorithm. The other third he got is a vassal state, not joining main Majapahit (it's actually plausible to tear parts of Sunda away like that, they were dying and had very loose control over most of their territory)
  • Austria: The Emperor Frederick III marries Helena of Constantinople in the effort to merge the churches. Because of this, he now claims the title of the former Byzantine Emperors, and rule of Constantinople. However, this is not able to be done, and is merely a ceremonial gesture. He then sends emissaries with the completed unification treaty to all of the states, asking them to read it and meet on the HRE page for discussion! All trade agreements and alliances (England (Alliance) and France (trade) I think) are accepted. An army is raised to combat the possible threat of Albert VI, and other states are asked to maintain the Emperor's rule until his eventual death, and then the election will occur.
    • You do know that Byzantium does not exist anymore, right?
    • I know. The engagement was proposed last year, when it did.
    • England declares its support to Austria in any conflict against Albert VI or Ladislaus of Hungary, but Richard III needs a confirmation of Frederick V of the Austrian and Holy-Roman-Imperial support against France, at least diplomatically.
  • Siam: The Royal Court and the King continue pushing forward the reforms with the intent of bringing forward a greater and more efficient Kingdom. The King is able to work out a deal with traders and gets his hands on some basic firearms and gunpowder which he immediately puts in the hands of several unique individuals to analyze and replicate. The army is sent to East into the fallen Khmer state while plans to push south are made, the Kingdom of Siam invades the Western Areas with the intent to stabilize its borders and possibly expanding them. The Southern border is Fortified. Creation of roads is started to make travel in the Kingdom more efficient. Money is subsidized to the different Buddhist monasteries to expand and increase religious values in Siam, which will in turn raise obedience to the Royal Family.
  • The Novgorod Veche Declares war on the invading Mongol Hordes. The Druzhina and their newly purchased arquebuses are sent out to the front lines to help the Muscovites. How the battles will go only time will tell...
  • The Mamluk Empire views the Ottoman Empire with suspicion but doesn't say anything; instead, it looks for allies by accepting Oman's proposal (and apologising for its overdue-ness) and sending emissaries to Funj. Ship improvement continues although at a far slower rate than last year, while the Copts and Syriacs continue growing.
  • The Sultanate of Granada sends an alliance and trade pact to Oman. More ships are built and sea routes are discussed for trading purposes, and a trading post is built on the Marinid's coast and a trade pact is sent to them as well.
    • Oman accepts and begins trading more with Granada. This is helped a lot by the alliance with the Mamluk empire, as Oman can now transport goods via the Mamluk empire to be traded throughout the Mediterranean.
  • Bavaria-Munchen continues to spread pro King Andreas propaganda to the nearby Bavarias and he now seems to be gaining some traction in the other holds. Bavaria-Munchen is thrilled to have a trade deal with France as it means increased trade through Milan. The Munchen Cathedral is still under construction, Europe's best artisans are hired to detail the stonework and a large mural which when finsihed will be called Fresko des heiligen Paulus und die Apostel (Fresco of Saint Paul and the Apostles). The Catholic Church builds a new seminary to help educate those wanting to become priests. Gregor Rus is promoted to Arch Bishop of Munchen. The Bavarian military is expanded and gunpowder weapons are being implemented slowly (through trade with Venice and Milan) and is now growing to a substantal size.
  • Lakota Tribes: Lakota birthrates slowly rise as the elders predicted by the spirits. The Lakota tribes are now instructed to expand westward and build more settlements that were bigger to hold better population. Also the Lakota chiefs send scouts west, south, north and east to find more tribes.
  • Oman continues to build up its military, using Oman's new alliances to learn more about the latest military drills and technology. Oman's merchant fleet continues to grow a lot as trade in the Persian Gulf and Indian Ocean continues to boom. Oman offers an alliance and trading pact to the Bahmani Sultanate, which is done to help improve Oman's influence in India. More European goods now enter Oman as the new alliance with the Mamluks allows European goods to be imported into Oman more cheaply. This large increase in income from international trade helps to fund the rebuilding of Muscat, and allows Oman to offer lower taxes to nomads. This encourages several Bedouin families to declare allegiance to the Sultan of Oman, and Oman takes over 2000 sq km as Oman continues to expand southward.
  • The Manchurians continue to expand their nation to the north. They use a combination of diplomacy and force to bring the last major Jurchen tribes under their control. The remnants of these rebel Jurchen tribes migrate to the west, where they incorporate themselves into the local Buryat tribes. The Manchurians establish a foothold on Huàtài Island, which they will slowly absorb into their country.
  • Papal States: The Pope is thankful for the support of the Venetians, English and the Duchy of Milan. More and more efforts continue to be set in place to unite St. Peters. As well, the Pope wishes discussing the future of Genoa with Milan, and proposes a joint-attack on the nation (along with any other nation who wishes to join), and in return the States would take possession of some (or all) of Corsica. Meanwhile, the nation begins an improvement of infrastructure in order to improve the dwindling economy.
    • Bavaria-Munchen supports His Holiness in the effort to unite St. Peters. Please note our construction of St. Henry's Cathedral in Munchen, as we wish the Pope to travel there to personally hold mass when completed. It would be a great honor for the world's grandest cathedral.
    • Austria asks that the Pope does not wage war against other Christians, as that is not the teachings of Jesus Christ, and therefore is certainly not for the holy clergy to do.
    • These are the Renaissance Popes remember, politicians first, religious leaders second.
    • I think you mean religious leaders. And I know, but still, a good point for people to consider.
      • You are right
    • Agree with the politicians-first comment. And I figured one thing they could say to encourage it would be to "bring the people's together." Considering Genoa wouldn't be annexed willingly, war is the only option, and uniting Roman Catholic peoples into the Papal States could be considered a good thing. ChrisL123 (talk)
    • Maybe, but such a war could turn the Italian states against you.
    • Good possibility, but I recall reading that states like Venice (and I'd assume the Papal States) were in direct competition with Genoa for commercial routes and economic struggles in Europe, so if they were to be dissolved into Milan and Rome (and perhaps the Crimean territories to Venice), it'd probably benefit most of them. ChrisL123 (talk)
    • Milan: We want to think about it. Wait the next year our response, but for now we are just reading ourselves to any war might happen.
    • Venice wants in. Can I take Genoa (the city) and their outposts (Greek Islands and Kaffa). Venice will support the Papal States in this but is worried that Florence, Siena and Pisa will help Genoa. Milan gets the rest of the Genoan coastline and half of Corsica Papal States get the other half.
    • England will support the Papacy against Genoa if a commercial enclave is granted, specially some in the Aegean Sea's Genoan possessions (just one, the rest to Venice). Also Richard III says the Pope that he has complete power to choose the members of the clergy-in-parliament (though they must be cardinals, bishops or archbishops, or maesters of some military order) and power to preside over it if he ever visits London. He can veto any act of parliament that he considers non-Catholic in spirit. Richard would appreciate a confirmation of Papal support, at least religious, non-military, to the English reclamations on Normandy.
  • Brandenburg begins to build up its navy and military in case the secret war being planned shall start soon. Meanwhile an alliance is offered to the French and the only child of the current electorate, Wilhelmina, seeks the hand of the French Crown Prince in marriage (if he is unmarried). Meanwhile, it prepares to attack the Teutonic Knights and does so in August. (I need an algorithm for this, thanks to whoever does it.) Aid is beseexhed from Austria and Bavaria-Munchen.
    • Bavaria-Munchen heeds Brandenburg's request and sends troops and supplies north.
    • Edmund, Earl of Rutland (nine years of age) is disposed to be promised in marriage to Wilhelmina if Brandenburg supports England in its campaigns against France. This marriage obviously will bring with it an alliance, trade agreement and the possibility of impose France trade with Brandenburg through treaty.
  • Epirus: Epirus grants Venice the trading terms that they proposed. The troops raised in the last two years are moved to Epirus' northern and eastern borders. The Despot wishes to unite Lezhe with Epirus, but does not want to waste their precious troops on Lezhe, when a much greater threat looms to the east. Thus politicians are sent to Lezhe to instate reforms helpful to the Epirians. Epirus claims to be the legitimate successor to the Byzantine Empire, due to being once part of it. Some Byzantine refugees go to Epirus, spreading Byzantine culture. Epirus asks France, the HRE, and various Italian States, including the Papal States and Venice to help Epirus, should war break out with the Ottomans. Work on the military continues, but with more of an emphasis on the navy.
  • Milan improves infrastructure, roads to the south, trade with the small states at west, military supplies and more. It offers to Genoa the possibility of uniting with Milan. We promise the Pope our help in any crisis. Beatrice Lascaris (Wife of Filippo Maria Visconti, Duke of Milan) gives birth to Milan a new heir. The lesser Italian states are influenced by Milanese propaganda against Genoa.
  • Swiss Confederacy: Asks to set up trade routes to the Duchy of Milan. The military is further expanded.
    • Milan: accepts.
  • The Duchy of Burgundy: starts making a fleet in the North Sea mainly the fleet, with ten ships built in this year - eight to defend the Duchy and other two for exploration and trading in the northern seas as well scouting purposes in the sea. An alliance is asked with France, Portugal and Venice, and Spain is asked an alliance to keep the Muslims outside Europe. The naval plan is to build a massive fleet in the next ten years.
  • Kingdom of Bohemia requests help from Saxony and the Holy Roman Empire about the civil disarray, and begins to build their army.
    • Bavaria-Munchen states that if it is the Emperor's will, we will try to aid in your efforts to stablise, but note we are already occupied by helping Saxony. Please note that His Majesty the Emperor will take your issues into consideration, please remain patient.
  • Electorate of Saxony: requests some assistance from the Holy Roman Emperor. The Elector raises an army of his most loyal knights and a lot of peasants to quell the civil unrest. He promises them that taxes will be lowered. The Elector tells the King of Bohemia that he will help, but only after his own unrest has stopped.
    • Bavaria-Munchen states that if it is the Emperor's will, we will aid in your efforts to stablise.
  • France declares its support for the Papal States. It appreciates the Brandenburg offer and asks them for a trade agreement. He promises the Prince will find his Princess (which will be found next turn). They also ask Milan for an alliance and trade agreements. They encourage French merchants to help revive French trade by trading with the Italian and Iberian states. Meanwhile, the French continue to push the English out of Normandy. (SOMEONE PLEASE DO THE ALGORITHM FOR THIS. I AM NOT GOOD AT THIS) They continue to battle the English and begin the sieging of the capital. Seeing the Bourbons as among one of the most dangerous threats to their power, the King SECRETLY bribes the head of the family in exchange for giving up some political rights. They will receive certain privileges.
  • Serbia: News reaches that surprisingly, the Ottoman Empire is stopping at Byzantine, comes as a relief to Despot Branković, who has the intention to reunite Serbia, and form a Kingdom, with a new castle at Nándorfehérvár, which is to be once again given the "White City" (Belgrade, or in Serbian, Beograd), the Capital of Serbia. Branković names himself the Future King, and rides around Serbia on a Royal Guard of 2,000 armed followers, riding from village to village, promising a future for the people, and that Serbia shall rise again.
  • Chichen Itza is successfully consolidating power in the other city-states. The Emperor travels to the other cities to speak about the power of Chichen Itza and how he appreciates their cooperation. The navy is expanded, and the builders start experimenting with new techniques, such as using a cloth stretched over a wooden frame to propel the boat with the power of the wind.
  • China continues its invasion of the Oirat Khanate. After its sweeping victories in the Oirat lands in 1451, China has the Oirat military scattered.
  • Aztec: The warriors under Moctezuma's command swell in number as forces from elsewhere in the Empire manage to send men to join the main army. However, numbers are lower than expected due to the continuing drought causing severe logistical problems. However, Moctezuma is glad for the increase in manpower. The way that Aztecs have begun farming much more thoroughly is beginning to catch on more, and shows signs that it may stick around after the drought, as farmers are now wealthier and people are better fed, a few Aztecs begin to pursue other crafts as well. The consolidation of powers continues. However, one of the local leaders speaks out but is quickly silenced and replaced with a calpixqui (high steward) of the empire which silences further descent.
  • Ethiopia: Emperor Zara Yaqob completes his centralization gains, and sends out the order to his most loyal soldiers to kill the rebellious ras' during the heat of battle to prevent them from fighting against the Emperor's control. The empire expands 750 sq km into Adal, with the aim of beating back the Muslim hordes to their capital, and establishing Christian Ethiopia as the sole power in the region.
  • Richard III, by counsel of Warwick, decides to call the King of France to meet in Rouen and arrange a peace treaty for both nations. The English navy continues to be improved, and some Anglo-Irish lords' heirs are hired as high officers in this new navy. As Wales seems inactive in its rebellion, Neville decides to command a blockade on the Welsh coasts. The English say Portugal that a commercial foothold in the Channel would be a tiny bit of coast of Portuguese property to have a territorial enclave in the region. He offers his oldest son and heir, Edward (ten years of age) in marriage to Joana, the just-born Princess of Portugal.
  • ​ Venice fortifies its holdings further and continues training its military. The Arsenal continues churning out ships and the Doge believes Venice could even sell some of the smaller, lesser quality ships to other Navy-less nations. Hordes of supplies go to the Byzantine Empire which builds up infrastructure in Greece. Athenian monuments are repaired and the Corinth Wall rebuilt just in case.


Everyone please go to Territories_(Principia_Moderni_II) and fill out a table for your nation. For size questions please ask Scandinator (talk). Also please create a nations page for your nation. An extremely excellent example is here Finland (Principia Moderni). It does not have to be as good, just have the basic information only if you wish.

A small outbreak of plague in Aragon kills the King, his brother John, and most of John's children. The new King of Aragon is Charles, King of Navarre, thus making Navarra enter in a personal union with Aragon. Since he has been looking for a new wife since Agnes died in 1446, he decides to remarry. He proposes to Wilhelmina of Brandenburg. The Personal union between Aragon and Naples breaks down with the latter declaring independence under Ferdinand I of Naples

The Bavarian Duke of Straubing offers the Bavarian Duke of Munchen a unification plan where Straubing would be annexed but he retains his estates and titles.

I can do the sizes for everybody if they like. PaintShop Pro has a pixel counter so I can count pixels much easier than you guys on Paint. Also my nation page for Nippon from the last game is pretty good too lol. ~VON
  • Portugal receives no explanations from Castille, and analyzing England's recent offers, it accepts them both (royal marriage and commercial offer). Meanwhile, one of the Ilhas Floreiras, named Corvo, is given to Afonso, Duke Of Bragança, Count of Barcelos e Neiva and half-uncle of the King. To start the island's settling, he sends about 30-36 settlers under the command of Antão Vaz de Azevedo. The military continues being prepared. Meanwhile, the Duchy of Beja is granted to Fernando de Portugal, uncle of the King.
  • Ashikaga Shogunate continues to build up their military and also expands more into 北海道 (Hokkaidō) and continues fighting against the Ainu there; soon the closest island off of 北海道 (Hokkaidō) is reached, is called 国後島 (Kunashiri-tō) and expansion starts a little bit there and of course, fighting more Ainu. Shogun Ashikaga Yoshimasa still thinks of a plan to take out the Ryūkyū Kingdom and take down the Japanese Pirates; meanwhile he gets a map and sees a set of islands kicking off from 北海道 (Hokkaidō) all the way up to the Far East land (Kamchatka), he calls these islands the 千島列島 (Chishima Islands) and dreams that one day, the islands will be under his control and expansion begins on mainland Asia (aka at OTL Kamchatka) from there. Jūzō Ayase writes yet another story, this time the two female Satoris with their pet Kasha befriend the Kasa-obake that tried to scare them and they go along their journey.
    • Please note that since you expanded and built up your military in the same turn, the military buildup can't be counted for any algorithms
    • I know. I'm not planning to go to war against the Ryūkyū Kingdom any time soon. It'll be a very long while before I do.
  • Korea amps up their military, especially their navy. They continue to explore the Philippines, and send more settlers to Taiwan.
  • Oman expands 3000 px northward into Bedouin territory as Omani fishermen move northward to be able to fish with less competition. Oman's merchant fleet continues to grow a lot as trade in the Persian Gulf and Indian Ocean continues to boom. Omani trade with the East African city states grows especially well, as Oman imports slaves bought from the Swahili city-states to help rebuild Muscat and to work on plantations. Oman sends more diplomats to Bahmani and offers an alliance and trading pact to the Bahmani Sultanate again, as demand grows in Oman for Indian spices, clothes and other goods.
  • The Siamese government continues reforming the tax system. The war in Cambodia pushes farther into the border area, and the government begins distributing arquebuses based on Chinese ones as an aid in the war. Money is subsidized to agricultural expansion to feed the army and people better.
  • Majapahit has calmed down and stabilized now, with the 1000 vassals being brought out of civil disarray. New roads are built throughout the islands.
  • The Manchurians continue to expand their country northward, as well as expand their foothold on Huàtài Island.
  • Marinid: The Dynasty is able to re-establish more power after negotiating with rising tribes, many times resorting to bribery from the coffers of the King himself. The Dynasty is able to slowly gain power back in the military. The nation plans in the future to re-establish itself by clearing and encouraging trade. The Sultan sends a diplomat to the modernized Ottoman asking for blueprints for their modernized weapons and ships. The Dynasty then decides to establish its official foreign policy for the next years, a labeled strategy of setting up a stronger and self-reliant economy, while modernizing the military, as its Christian Rivals are jumping ahead, especially while Marinid is staying behind. Military generals ask the Sultan to focus on the army overall, instead of asking to concentrate and "elite-fy" single regiments, but improve the army overall.
  • Bahmani Sultanate expands by another 500 sq km and sends emissaries to the capitals of Khandesh (Burhanpur) and Berar, offering to extend full military protection in case of a disaster like the Mongol disaster that nearly destroyed them, in return for handing over some control and tributes (basically vassalisation). Emissaries are also sent to Gondwana with an offer of friendship. The capital begins to be built into a metropolis.
    • Does Bahmani accept Oman's offer of a alliance and trading pact?
    • Bahmani graciously does and offers a large tribute of spices in thanks.
  • Swiss Confederation: Arquebuses are implemented in this years round of military expansion.
  • Muscovy launches an Invasion of Tver, Rostov and Yaroslavl. (algorithm, please). Novgorod is assured that we Muscovians would never attack allies.
    • I would really suggest that you postpone that war until the aftermath of the Golden Horde war has stopped, to strengthen and revive your military for future actions against both the Other Russian States and the Horde...also, it's not really all that good to have three wars going on at the same time... especially since logic dictates that they would support you in raids against the Horde. If you want to wait then the armies of Novgorod will be at your disposal as well. Sincerely, Andrei Mikhailovich Zarskoy, Posadnik of Novgorod.(PS in the algorihm you would get subtracted points for all three fronts AND the war with the Horde...and if you wait then you could have a maximum of +30 if you wait 15 years of military buildup for the war...)
    • Mm, OK, screw that.
  • ​Muscovy (repost) The army is, in its entirety, sent to the lands of the Golden Horde. The Tsar falls sick, but his son, Ivan III makes a speech in Muskova assuring the populace that he is fine.
  • The Lakota Tribes. The Elders predict a plentiful game year that the Tribes will prosper. More and bigger settlements are built to accomordate the population growths in the Tribes. An usptart young Lakota male seeking to unify the Lakota Tribes under his fist named Akecheta gathers support from his tribe in the northlands, numerous tribes, chiefs and elders panic.
  • Scotland continues to expand their military in an effort to improve their standing. They ask the French if they need any aid against the English. The Scots mourn the death of the young Prince James, who was but two when he died. The only other child of James II is a daughter, who is only one in age. However, both he and his wife remain young, and they are confident that another son will be born soon. Meanwhile, Scotland continues its offer to Castille to begin trade.
  • The Mamluks' efforts move from Funj to Alodia. In the west, relationships with the Zayyanids worsen, with troops being moved from Cicilia to Cyrenaica. Copts and Syriacs continue to grow in size.
  • Castille: This respond to Portugal commenting on the economic pact will be based on both Castilians and Portuguese do not compete directly in foreign territory and the promise of the two countries to cooperate economically. This followed by an alliance of mutual protection between the two countries to defend Iberian Christianity. The country does not pass its best economical time, however the Castillian armies recover and prepare for a new war, the King needs to give hope to the Castillian people and therefore decides to intervene in the civil war in Navarre as a third side to the conquest of the Kingdom (therefore it is decided to build more ships and improve its army after the defeat against Muslims) (algorithm, please). No news has been received about the actual marriage proposal with Aragon. The last days of the year, John II dies. Happens to be a Royal Council that governs the country, Because his (Alfonso) son was born in November of this year. A Castilian Chancellor, Jaencio the Storyteller, faithful to the deceased monarch and the Royal Council, decides to take reins in "international" diplomacy with fear because Granada could break the truce with Castilla anytime. So called Christian Kingdoms to form a Holy League and invited several representatives of the Kingdoms of England, Portugal, Aragon, Burgundy, HRE (with preference to Switzerland, Milan, Bavaria and Austria) and France to the city of León to sign a treaty of military and religious support.
    • Venice asks why it was not invited since it is Europe's largest trade centre and holds Europe's second largest city.
    • Milan is interested, we will assist Leon, but the final decision is in the Emperor's hands.
    • England suggest Venice as part of the treaty because of its strategical importance.
  • Papal States: In preparation for war with Genoa, many available troops that had been assembled near St. Peter are relocated in order to protect the States from sea raids. If the war is won, as was said, Rome wishes to gain Corsica, encouraging the public that it would "bring the people together" in a common Roman Catholic land, which is "destined to be dissolved in any case." The navy is beefed up as well as it could, which causes less work being done on acquiring St. Peter. As well, the States are thankful for the support of the Venetians, English and French, however the Pope declares that it must remain neutral in the Normandy tensions between France and England (though, SECRET military support is sent to the English).
    • Aragon sadly announces that since King Charles is about to marry Wilhelmina of Brandenburg. Any marriages with Castille are impossible at this time. But, it is suggested that the King (or Crown Prince, whoever needs to get married) marries someone else (preferably some HRE state or possibly even in the Kalmar Union or some Italian state, just not England), and then the two firstborn children (Castille shall have the daughter and Aragon/Brandenburg shall have the daughter since Brandenburg had the daughter first and since Castille has a son, it's all very complicated, and then the two firstborns (the Aragonese-Brandenburgian Crown Prince/Prince and the Castillian Crown Princess) can get married to make the ABC Union of Germany and Spain. (Sound good?)
    • Brandenburg's ruling family is the Luxembourgs
      • Wait, why not England? The English ambassador says Henry of Trastamara (married to Anne of York) to take himself the regency to avoid any Aragonese attempt to corrupt the young King Alfonso or the chancellor Jaencio, who has shown an excellent Catholic and politician.
  • The Zulu Kingdom continues to sweep aside natives, and moves them out of the Zulu lands. Construction on the seaport continues, and improvement of infrastructure continues. The Zulu King formally establishes a council to advise him for the issues of the Kingdom. The Zulu Army begins to approve training and tactics to help combat with the changing times.
  • Milan's military is upgraded and increased, the army is located at the borders. A new daughter is born to the Duke named Bianca Maria Visconti. The influence over D'Asti, Montferrat, Mantua is increased by political maneuverings. The House of Gonzagas is now in excellent relations with the Visconti.
  • Bavaria-Munchen accepts the Staubing Proposal and immediately drafts the unification treaty, as per treaty the Duke is allowed to retain his title. The nation is renamed the Grand Duchies of Bavaria by royal decree. (Note name is tentative and may change as I am not sure if the term Duchy can be used here) The military begins a buildup this year to launch an attack against its rival Bavaria-Ingolstadt. Propaganda continues to be sent to all other outlying Bavarias. King Andreas' wife Juliana dies from giving child birth to His Majesty's second son Julius, the King is heart broken and decrees a week of mourning throughout the land, though he is thrilled to have a new son. The Munich Cathedral continues construction as the main nave is completed, the two outside wings and Grand Dome are yet to be finished as is the fresco of St. Paul. The farmers rejoice this year as God has blessed them with a bountiful harvest. Oktober Fest is born in the outlying villages of Bavaria.
  • Austria: Frederick III urges all Holy Roman States to meet at the Holy Roman Page to discuss current events (If you do, I will help everyone as best I can). The Austrian Army is armed completely, and some basic fortifications are built outside of Vienna. Frederick and Helena have a son, who is named Frederick Constantine Hapsburg. Emissaries begin to gather sway of influence in central Germany.
  • Electorate of Saxony: The Elector has spent the last year leading his loyal knights and foot-soldiers around his domain in an attempt to stop the anarchy which has overtaken Saxony. Through careful, hard work, the land around Meissen (the capital), and other major towns and cities (like Dresden, Wittenburg and Coburg) are back to normality. However, bandits and rogues still hod sway over much of the countryside. The Elector sends his most trusted Envoy to the court of the Emperor, beseeching him to send help. Whatever troops which can be spared (which isn't many) are sent to help our friends in Bohemia.
    • Austria will help both Saxony and Bohemia if you come to the HRE page to discuss something.
    • Thank you, and I already have.
    • England asks an alliance and trade agreement to Saxony.
    • Elector Frederick II agrees to the proposal.
  • The Novgorodian Veche is pleased with the results of the Arquebuses on the battlefield during the Battle on the Urga river. The Novgorodian Council of Boyars agrees that to maintain dominance in the Russian North, the Novgorodians must build themselves a naval power to protect their interests in trade when traveling through Horde territory. The Veche agrees to ask to send certain people to train in the art of shipbuilding in Europe, so that Novgorod can be more modern...What they will see is a large difference in the level of advancement, and proceed to give motions of modernization (although that will happen in a year or two...and BTW, when is the renaissance going to start...Can somebody invent the printing press already!)
  • Richard III of England wants to meet James II as well to avoid a just-one-front peace with France and not with Scotland. He wants to offer Austria his daughter Elizabeth, Duchess of Suffolk (seven years of age) in marriage with the just born Frederick Konstantin (Constantine is the English version, Konstantin is the German one). He also officially declares his intention to make Calais a principality but, before anything is decided, he wants to know if the Emperor would allow Calais to join the HRE. Richard Neville has Edward of York, the heir, sent from Castille to Portugal to arrange the marriage with Joana for the year 1455, when Joana has five years of age. As Edward is the heir, Portugal would eventually enter in a personal union with England, and Neville is already thinking about use this opportunity to improve his relationships with the iberian states (Portugal and Castille specially), introduce a single council of government composed by English, Irish and Portuguese nobles and notables, and other changes to integrate both Kingdoms. Richard III meets in León with Jaencio and Henry of Trastamara to sign the treaty of alliance, and suggests Charles VII of France, Frederick III of the Holy Roman Empire, Filippo Maria Visconti of Milan and Andreas I of Bavaria-Munchen to sign the treaty. Richard works in the navy and ship technology, specially looking for faster ships that can travel further in less time. Neville hears about this german engeneer who has the idea of creating a machine that makes faster and easier the process of create many copies of the same book, and he convinces the King to invite this man, Johannes Gutenberg, to develop his invent in London funded by the English government.
    • Printing press already invented in Mainz.
    • What is this treaty? Frederick III does not recall mention of it crossing his desk. He will consider the marriage request, and he will also examine the Calais situation closely.
    • James II will meet with the English. He suggests that the English give the French Normandy, and that be the end of the war.
    • Portual thinks that 1455 is too early, as Joana only would be three years of age by this time, and proposes that the marriage be made in 1464.
    • Then England agrees. The King thanks Frederick III for his consideration, and reminds him that England is and will be always a supporter of the centralist cause. He tells him the Treaty of Leon would beneift him and his Empire in unespected levels. The Scottish offer, as can be seen below, is accepted. Sorry for the press thing, but I saw above someone saying it hadn't been invented yet. Oh, well, there are always other inventions.
    • Frederick III signs the treaty for the Holy Roman Empire, and wonders if Christian Europe should attack first or wait.
  • France decides that the English offer of peace would rather be more accepted than war. It demands that England give up Normandy (except for the offshore island like OTL) and Calais to France, as it is rightfully theirs, apoligize for waging the Hundred Years' War as well as the unjust execution of Joan of Arc, and help France pay the war indemnities it caused. However, it will agree to a trade agreement but due to the recent war, the King can only allow the alliance after a certain period of time. He also wants 50 years of truce for the sake of reconstruction. It sends diplomats to Scotland that a peace treaty is underway and that it should not wage war unless otherwise. It agrees to the Castillian proposal as it will lead to the rise of economic prosperity in a land where it was not once that possible. Mary of Valois-Burgundy is given to the Castillian Prince (which she chooses) and Charles IV to a Prussian Princess (which he also chooses). Meanwhile, all forces from Normandy pull back as the peace treaty is being made. With the war over, the King decides to enact a series of reforms known as the Edict of Paris, aiming at economical, social, militaristic, and political reconstruction. The feudal system is banned with a more centralized system, though the nobles can have certain priveladges in return. Special economic experts from Italy are hired to repair the economy of France, while they promote business and finance in the country. The country also works hard to convert its many vassals into provinces, but has to battle at Britanny and take care of any rebellions in order for the plan to work. Learning about the technologies of the Renaissance, the country sends its best artisans, architects, and students to study in Italy and bring back information in the course of ten years.
    • The Scots remind the French that they do not even border Calais, therefore it seems odd that they would reach out and grab it. They suggest that the French drop that part of the treaty, but let the rest remain.
    • England accepts to pay the indemnities, mostly with money taken from non-Catholic (Celtic) parishes in Wales and Ireland, the Hosue of Lancaster and its supporters. Half what was taken from Normandy and was still in eglish hands also is destinied to pay the reparations. The King officially recognizes his error by pushing the Burgundians into the execution of Joan d'Arc, and thinks it is just to create a monument in Jersey after her, "Our Victor", it shall be called. Richard III opposes to give Calais, that be cause of his plans in the region and the fact it doesn't even border France. He decides to give France right to colonize a region of approximately the same size enclaved in the Irish possessions of England. He offers his daughter Margaret (four years of age) in marriage to a French Prince, if there's any disponible. Both Scotland and France will have a 50 years truce, and the King hasn't give up in his idea of forming a military alliance. Portugal will have granted the islands of Burhou, Ortac and Renonquet as a commercial and territorial foothold in the Channel, under English supervision, as promised.
    • Once again, Portugal accepts the offer.
  • Aq Qoyunlu expands another 1000 km2 into Caucasia. Meanwhile, in Anatolia, the Aq Qoyunlu have gotten Dulkadir and Ramazan to fight against the Kara Qoyunlu (improperly name Ak Qoyunlu on the map) by giving Aq Qoyunlu funds for the military, even though no MAJOR battles happen, small border warfare is common. Also, centralization trend continues, by use of bribing, marriages and agreements.
  • Venice continues to develop its military. Being the most wealthy and second most populous city in Europe, the Doge decides that Venice requires a university. Several of the best architects of the Renaissance submit plans and the Doge, marvelled by their ideas, orders the construction of not only a university, but several public buildings and statues across the city. Athens continues its own reconstruction but the Byzantine Empire eventually settles on Corinth as its new capital. The Corinth Wall is finished. Venice declares support for the Teutonic Knights as their previous headquarters had been Venice and sends a steady stream of supplies. Venice welcomes the return of Naples and offers them a military and trade alliance.
  • Aztec: The droughts ease and the Aztecs fly forward toward the Zapotec city-states claiming sacrifices and land for the Triple Alliance with Moctezuma I leading them into the south, large amounts of sacrifices are captured and sacrificed to Huitzilopochtli in an event called the Blood Rain due to the relation to the drought. Farming produce increases even more due to the ending of the drought leaving a huge surplus of food, further fuelling the amount of Aztecs beginning to pursue side crafts and hobbies and sports. Moctezuma I begins speaking of reforming the government, the already suspicious local rulers are now split between those who support the creation of a more complex state of governance and those who support local rulers right to make law as they see fit causing a rise in internal tensions.
  • Chichen Itza keeps updating the Navy. The Emperor pays for several new ships with some of his own gold. The cities around Chichen Itza are slowly coming under its control. Natives of Chichen Itza in high offices in other cities start petitioning to join the Empire.
  • China takes more of the Oirat Khanate. By May of this year, the Oirat Khanate is broken in half, China gaining a thick line of influence through the middle of the Khanate. As the western half is fought, the eastern half shows a bit more resistance. In September, the western half launches attacks on Chinese camps, costing China men and supplies. Manchurian soldiers, however, prove to be an asset in battling the Eastern half of the Khanate. When the Eastern half surrenders, Manchuria is offered 15% of the Khanates territory in gratitude.
    • The Manchurians accept the offered portion of Oirat's territory.
  • Ottoman Empire: The war continues against the Karmans (?), and Ottoman forces continue to drive into the country's heartland.
  • Venice further develops its army and navy. Several major construction projects continue across the Republic attracting thousands of workers from other Italian states.


Baden and the Crimean Khanate stabilize. Cambray joins the HRE. Albania accepts a union with Epirus. Cambodia stabilizes to counter the Siamese threat.

The Patrimony of St Peter relizes something is not right with the Papal States as almost a quarter of its Dukes and barons suddenly find themselves no longer self-ruling.

Loki seizes Delhi renaming itself to the Delhi Sultanate. The other Hindu states dread the potential consequences.

Gascogne joins France seeing that French protection may not be so bad now the war is over. Bearn enters the French sphere.

Albert VI seizes the Austrian bottleneck and declares the establishment of the independent Duchy of Upper Austria. Meanwhile Istrian rebels and Croatian rebels rise up in Southern Austria with the support of the Hungarian King. Small groups of Czechs (Bohemians) rebel in Northern Austria where they are an ethnic majority while King Ladislaus of Hungary reveals an army which has been trained for the last four years on the Hungarian border with Austria. Luxembourg and The Palatinate declare support for the rebels hoping to weaken the Austrians and to seize the HRE throne.

  • Ashikaga Shogunate continues to build up their military and also expands more into 北海道 (Hokkaidō) and continues fighting against the Ainu there; and soon more expansion occurs to 国後島 (Kunashiri-tō) and thus begins the expansion up the 千島列島 (Chishima Islands), and, the Ainu continue to be fought as well there. Jūzō Ayase writes his last story: the two female Satoris with their pet Kasha go back to the underground temple and their friend Kasa-obake visits them there. Jūzō Ayase then looks for ideas for his next mythology story.
  • Portugal continues preparing its military.
  • Serbia: The King continues going all over the country, uniting the Serbian people. Many villages have grown support for him. Beograd is established, which is planned to have its castle rebuilt, after years of neglect.
  • The Manchurians continue to expand their territory northward. They have solidified their control over the southernmost third of Huàtài Island. Communal bathhouses become popular following the visit of a Manchurian diplomat to the Ashikaga Shogunate.
  • Bahmani Sultanate expands the military and to centralise control of internal affairs. 1000 sq km is absorbed from the north and east and tax incentives are offered to people willing to move. Some small military forces are moved out to quell any unrest. The offer of vassalisation is restated to Khandesh and Berar (RNG please?).
    • Berar accepts the offer sending back a happy messenger. Khandesh sends back the messengers head.
    • We don't use RNG for anything in this game except the NPC chance, and that is soon to change. In any case, random numbers have never been used for vassalisation. You can just say you vassalized them.
    • OK, thanks for the help.
  • England continues to improve its navy. The trading ports receive ships from all nations, especially Portugal, Castille, France and Scotland, with the prupose ofcopying their technologies and apply them to the English navy. The King calls for naval engineers of the entire world to help him making newer and better ships. To control the operations of Portugal and other nations commercing in the Portuguese territories of the Channel, specially any suspicious action from France, Richard III creates the Bailiwick of Jersey, with special powers to watch the actions in the Portuguese Islands and recruit its militia, so the Portuguese control is just commercial and adminsitrative, while the military is still in English hands. Edmund, 1st Earl of Rutland, the King's son, becomes Bailiff of Jersey. Edward, now created Prince of York (instead of Duke), decides to abandon Portugal, as the marriage will not happen until the next decade, and travel to Dublin. There, he starts preparing the armies in the borders to conquest the lands of Megennis and the O'Neill clans by the next year. The King is prepearing his armies to support Austria against the rebels.
  • Papal States: The Pope notices tensions rising in the Holy Roman Empire concerning Genoa (the empire itself being Roman Catholic), and wishes to remind them that a potential war against Genoa would benefit their ally Milan (a member of the Empire) and the States themselves, and hopes that if full-out war ensues, that little blood should be shed in order to have a peaceful dissolution. He reminds Papal citizens that he was born in Genoa, and believes the state would benefit in the hands of Milan. Later in the year however, Pope Nicholas V begins to feel ill, and churches across the land pray that he recovers. Fewer efforts are made in terms of military expansion, which could cause problems with St. Peter in the next few years. Meanwhile, the members of the Catholic Church are pleased to see that Naples has gained independence once again, and offer it an alliance.
    • Bavaria asks His Eminence, the Pope for an alliance as well as a trade agreement.
    • Papal Diplomacy: On behalf of the Pope Nicholas (who is receiving treatment for his illness), the Catholic Church agrees to the alliance and trade agreement, and if possible, may assist them in the Bavarian unification war.
    • Bavaria D: The King is thrilled hearing of His Eminence's decision and will most certainly allow the Papal States to aid in our Holy endeavor.
    • Milan: Thanks your support, but there won't be war, right now the rebels attack Austria and we hope to make Genoa my own vassal state.
  • Chichen Itza continues Naval buildup. The Navy is put to the test when the Emperor orders the expansion onto the island of Cozumel. The island is taken, but not without several weeks of fierce fighting, partially due to the inadequate Army. The Emperor subequently orders the buildup of the Army. Several insurgent cities in the south have adopted a new religion, which distresses the Emperor terribly. He plans to begin taking control of more cities by the next year.
  • France begins an era of reconstruction, aiming for governmental centralization, economical growth and recovery, and return to pre-war lives. The King realizes the importance of a middle class and declares his support for them by encouraging businesses and trade. The expedition to Italy bears fruit for the first year, as some information such as humanism, realistic art, and Greco-aromas style of architecture reaches to the ears and minds of its scholars, artists, and architects. They begin building a well-modern trading fleet as it wants to compete with the other nations in Europe for trade. The Hundred Years' War has brought military success and vast knowledge, making the country the best place to learn military skill and strategy. They encourage military colleges to study new forms of military skills and strategy to improve the state of the army. Tales of the silk, spices, and gunpowder to the east reach France, as many merchants want to find. New trade route and get easy access. The military begins experimenting with the gunpowder it got its hands on and see what kind of weapons can be made.
  • Ottoman Empire: The Ottoman-Karman War continues with Ottoman forces continuing to drive at the capitol, which is attacked finally by the Ottomans, if it falls or not I need an algorithm, could someone make one please?
  • Bavaria: The King begins the war of Bavarian Unification in earnest as the King's mounted troops push into Bavaria-Ingolstadt and Bavaria-Landshut with the aid of Bavaria-Struabing, Austria and Brandenburg (someone please do an algorithm). The Royal Court decrees that it is in the will of Almighty God that Bavaria be unified as all Christians should work toward unification. The King announces that any rebel Duke or warlord may be granted forgiveness if He is seen as clean by the Church. The Munich Cathedral continues construction. A new infrastructure work called the Saar Brucken (River Bridge) is constructed in Bavaria. King Andreas asks the King of England if his heir may marry Maria Thurengen, the King's daughter. New roads are constructed to aid in the transport of goods and military throughout Bavaria.
    • Bavaria-Landshut immediately changes sides as the Duke understands he is at his last moment to negotiate. They declare war on Bavaria-Ingolstadt.
    • The King is pleased and allows the Duke to retain certain titles.
    • Richard III of England anounces that his heir, Edward, is already to marry the Portuguese Princess Joana, but his other son, Edmund, will happily marry Maria Thurengen. Richard would like to know what's the current age of Maria, so hec an reconcider if she would be a good wife to Edward or Edmund. England will support Bavaria in its unification war.
    • Maria is 10 years of age and is a fine woman befit for royalty.
    • Then Edmund will marry her, and also he's to become Prince of Calais, so, when the marriage occurs, Maria will reign over that state, that will be a part of the HRE. Edmund travels to Bavaria to help against the anti-unificationists.
  • Ethiopia: The Ethiopian armies march deeper into the Adal Sultanate, crushing most of the Adal armies at the Battle of Harer, and push 900 sq km into the empire. The Emperor focuses a good portion of the empire's resources into the development of numerous castles north of the holy city of Axum, seeking to prevent or deter a Mamluk invasion of the empire with massive fortifications. The focus on developing an education system to train the peasants how to read and write begins in the capital city of Gondar, and the church in Ethiopia is threatened by the throne into cooperating with the Emperor's plans for his subjects.
  • ​Aq Qoyunlu expands another 1000 km2 into Golden Horde's territory west of the Caspian. The Slow centralization trend continues. Dulkadir and Razan continue pay for large parts of the Aq Qoyunlu-lular army, which Aq Qoyunlu responds with their martial needs.
  • The Zulu Kingdom continues to remove possible enemy natives from the lands of the Zulu, and establish room for the Zulu people. The King's Council advises to establish a set of laws to prevent possible civil war between the ethnics groups of the Zulu Kingdom. The infrastructure is improved, and the seaport is finished, and is consider to be the main economic center of the Kingdom. The Zulu Army establishes a new set of training maneuvers, and research into new tatics. The Zulu King orders the construction of the Zulu's first vessel to be sent out to contact other tribes and hopefully another major country in Africa.
  • Majapahit spreads its vassals deeper into Papua (well, really just the southern coasts). This made possibile by large amounts spent on improved navies. Majapahit hopes to have most of the islands under its wing. Also, in Borneo, a several tribal confederations on the eastern coast become Majapahit's vassals (also joining the 1000 islands). All of Majapahit's vassals can be counted as one due to extreme balkanization.
  • Korea continues to amp up their military, and explorers are sent as far as they can go. The Explorers Corps is created, with the sole purpose of exploring territory.
  • Tensions with the Hafsid state continue rising as several Mamluk courtmen, including the Copts in power of the finances and most tribe leaders from Libya. More troops are transferred then. Copts continue to gain power and numbers (as do the Syriacs) and more gifts are sent to Alodia.
  • The Swiss Confederacy: Decides this year it will build a university in Bern, along with upgrades to the road system, including the establishment of a 3,000 man specialized road-patrol force that patrols the roads, hunting down bandits and the like.
  • Maranid Dynasty: The Dynasty improves the army, raising the military to a strong number of 70,000 in peacetime, though can be raised drastically in war time. Though it is not final. The navy flexes its muscles in the Atlantic, fourteen raider's ship. Ten thousand men are deployed in the south to ward off tribal normadic raids. Immigration is now more official, as the nation is oficially able to establish borders once more, improvements of roads are set to begin soon, but the main thing achieved this year is the improvement of the army overall.
  • Scotland continues to improve its military, continuing to focus upon artillery, though their improvements are not restricted solely to that. King James II keeps hoping that the English and French will have peace. He does dislike that another nation may have an enclave on Ireland soon, but since it is his French ally he is as of yet not upset. He continues to work on consolidating his power over the feuding lords, but with the Livingstones and Douglasses safely defeated, he has no real threat to his power anymore. He does restrict the power of parliament a little more, and they are too weak to resist against the King. Meanwhile, Gaelic continues to be taught, with renewed vigor. The Scots language fails to grow any more, though a significant minority still exists in southern Scotland.
  • Venice is horrified at the sudden outbreak of war in Austria which cuts off a good portion of Venetian trade and drastically increases costs. Venice in retaliation declares full military support for the Austrians as do the Byzantines. Constraction in the Northern Italian part of the republic grinds to a halt as materials from Germanic states fail to arrive thatks to the war. An influential Venetian merchant acquires several printing presses from Mainz and presents them to the Doge. The Doge is impressed and presents the man a position in the Council of Ten as a reward. Venetian engineers are able to reverse engineer the presses and soon start to manufacture their own.
  • Brandenburg accepts the offer from the Teutonic Knights after two years of thinking, even though it will be totally useless. Meanwhile it starts planning to remove all control of Luxembourg over Brandenburg and asks Austria, Bavaria, Saxony, Bohemia, and all other HRE player states to help, and also asks Burgundy to do what Brandenburg shall do and refuses to combat against Austria. Brandenburg also offers far off Novgorod and nearby Denmark (the Kalmar Union really) alliances. Meanwhile since Brandenburg and Aragon shall soon be united through marriage, it seeks to really gain true self government.
    • Vassalizing Pomerania like that is not plausible. However, Poland has agreed to help you. Also Aragon won't be part of the HRE. Non-contiguous.
    • While on the way to go help Bavaria and Austria, Edmund of Rutland leaves a few thousands of men to support Brandenburg in its independence war. He also offers Brandenburg to use provisionally the ports of Calais until they reach a coast of their own.
    • I had expected as much. Brandenburg gratefully accepts aid of Edmund of Rutland and Poland. Poland is offered an alliance and the option to attack the Teutonic Knights together in the future.
  • Aragon decides to support Austria against its rebels. Meanwhile it secretly agrees to support Bradenburg in wars since the two nations will soon be in union. Aragon builds up its military and prepares to invade Bearn. It agrees to the idea of the Holy Union. It offers Castille and Austria alliances. Scotland also offered an alliance. It seeks friendly relations with Naples.
    • Naples was never conquered by Aragon, it was a Personal Union.
    • Aragon and Navarra are in a personal union, it makes no sense invading it, since the same person rules both countries.
    • Oh. Never mind then, make that Bearn.
  • Georgia begins to send Orthodox priests throughout the Caucasus region to spread the true faith. A navy begins to be built to protect Georgian interests in the Black Sea and move troops. Georgia expands slightly into the Golden Horde using the terrian against the Mongol forces who are already divided on several fronts. Trade agreements are sent to Poland and Venice.
    • Impossible, you don't border the Golden Horde. I've expanded for many turns into that territory.
    • Actually they still do border the Golden Horde. Venice accepts.
  • Poland decides to attack the Teutonic Knights with Lithuania; taking advantage of their weak moment. Poland hears Brandenburg's cry for a coastline and offers to sell them a 50 km strip of land to link Brandenburg to the coast. Brandenburg is also offered an alliance. Lithuania expands 2000 sq km into Golden Horde territory. Poland and Lithuania send supplies to Austria as they do not wish for Hungary to gain strength. They also offer Austria and Bohemia an alliance.
    • Brandenburg gratefully accept. Poland is offered an alliance.
  • Saxony: The Elector, with the help of some Imperial troops, has managed to quell about 80% of the unrest, and now only small pockets remain in anarchy. The Elector begins pondering th idea of arming some of his foot-soldiers with arquebuses, and some armourers are sent to Venice to procure about two hundred.
  • Tibet: asks Siam for an alliance for mutual defense against the looming threat the Ming Dynasty, and also for economic purposes. New monastries are built, and plans for long roads connecting distant monastries and villages are made.
  • Oman expands 3000 px northward into Bedouin territory as Omani fishermen move northward to be able to fish with less competition. Oman's merchant fleet continues to grow a lot as trade in the Persian Gulf and Indian Ocean continues to boom. Omani merchants with the help of the Omani navy establish an Omani colony on the island of Socotra. The Socotra colony gives Omani ships a stopping of point when travelling to go trade with the East African city states. Muscat continues to be built.
  • Milan helps Austria against the rebels, the economy grows up and the arts, arquebuses are manufactured after research, The printing presses are investigated and built. The influence over D'Asti and Montferrat is increased.
  • The Lakota Tribes: As Akecheta "Fighter" gains more followers, more chiefs step down allowing him to take over numerous tribes. The Tribes under Akecheta, he puts in new laws. Law requires all males of age from ten up to fufill jobs and service for their people, he requires more population and requires all women of birthing age to have as much children as possible excempting them from tribal jobs. Sages are required to serve military, scientific and tribal needs. Meanwhile, Akecheta still gives premission to scouts all ready exploring to fufill their duty.
  • Muscovy expands 1000 km into the Golden Hordes territory. The Duke recovers, and personally makes a speech to the Muscovian troops. Meanwhile, aid is sent to the Novogorodians in the shape of a division of troops. Meanwhile, a very basic, slow, and generally rubbish version of the Printing Press is made in Muskova.
    • Too early for you guys to get it.
  • The remaining Oirat tribes surrender in March of this year. Oirat is broken up into three military districts for now as local governments are set up. Dong Oirat, Xi Oirat, and Zho Oirat (East, West, and Central Oirat respectively). Roads through the area are constructed as work begins on integrating the former Khanate into China.


Mongol refugees from the Oirats Khanate pour into the Chatagai Khanate. The massive numbers destabilize the slowly collapsing Chatagai.

The Buryats are catalyzed into founding the Khanate of Buryatia by the rebel Jurchen tribes. The rebel Jurchen use their prominent position within the new nation to integrate themselves into the Buryat leadership. Their integration into Buryatia will eventually lead to the formation of the new Jurchen dialect of the Buryat language. The Jurchens, having coverted to Buddhism in the time they spent migrating to the Buryat lands, officially spread the religion as a means of increasing their power within the new nation.

Wales collapses to England after the old King's death leads to a succession crisis.

The Aztec Famine ends

Khandesh, Malwa, Mandla and Gona unite to face the threats of the Bahmani and Delhi.

Ryukyu's King escapes to Japan and hires a group of ninjas to reclaim his Kingdom.

Hungary seizes the opportunity to reclaim its coastline and invades Venice.

Alodia agrees to Mamluk vassalization.

The Duchy of Upper Austria changes its name to the Duchy of Styria to distance themselves from the Austrians.

  • Alvise Cadamosto, known in Portugal as Luís Cadamosto, explores from the Gambia river to the Geba river, also exploring the Bissagos islands. in the Gambia's mouth, noticing the almost disappearance of the polar star, he sketches the first representation of the Crux constellation. Meanwhile, Portugal continues building up its army. Meanwhile, The King grants Fernando de Bragança, son of Afonso I, Duke of Bragança, the title of Marquess of Vila Viçosa. His brother, Afonso, is granted the title of Marquess of Valença. Meanwhile, Isabela de Coimbra gives birth to a son, which she names Afonso. Unlike João (born in 1451), he survives the year.
  • Korea continues to fund their Explorer Corps. Taiwan continues to be settled.
  • Ashikaga Shogunate continues to build up their military and also expands more into 北海道 (Hokkaidō) and Ainu still continues to be fought against, expansion continues up the 千島列島 (Chishima Islands) a bit more and the Ainu there are also fought against. Jūzō Ayase writes a new story, this time about a young warrior on his quest to defeat some Yōkai, specifically Tengu.
  • Papal States: Despite several months of treatment, the Catholic Church announces the death of Pope Nicholas V. Dismay runs around the land as Nicholas is buried in Rome, and prayers go out to him and his family. Pope Callixtus III is elected Pope in April. Callixtus, known for despising Nicholas’ diplomacies as Pope, announces that he is taking a turn for the nation, and has cancelled any military efforts to in any way attack Genoa, instead blessing them to be peacefully admitted to Milan. He states, "It is in no way in the Lord Gods’ intentions to end the lives of the innocent for which can be resolved through peace. This is not what Jesus teaches us." He wishes for a greater relationship with the Duchy of Milan as well as the Venetian republic, which have been dwindling. Meanwhile, high ambitions are set for the continued efforts to unite St. Peter into the Papal States. As well, the Pope blesses the concept for an establishment of a Catholic territory/vassal on the coast of Hafsid Tunisia, to better influence Roman Catholicism in northern Africa, and allows a greater expansion of the navy (an algorithm is probably necessary to determine how much land can be captured, if any). Plus, the Pope offers supply aid to Venice in the Hungarian invasion.
    • Milan congratulates the Pope for the recent triumphs and thanks God for your victory. We want to establish trade between us.
  • the Burgundy Duchy continues building up its fleet now having about 16 new ships and the four ships exploring the Mediterranean and the England's shores, trading the fleet continues growing by commands of the Duke Philip III, the Duchy ask Hungary an alliance.
  • Swiss Confederacy upgrades and expands its military.
  • Aq Qoyunlu expands another 1000 km2 into the Golden Horde through the useage of bribing and alliances, however, this time the expansion is along the Georgian Border of the Golden Horde. Dulkadir and Razan have some economic instability due to the funding of Aq Qoyunlu.
  • Muscovy finishes its war with the Golden Horde (gaining 10% of their land). Military Modernization begins. Also, the Tsar begins an economic stimulus program. Meanwhile, three more divisions aid the Novogorodians.
  • The Zulu Kingdom begins to expands 500 sq mi northward and 500 sq mi southward, adding a total of 1000 sq mi to the Zulu Kingdom. Following their expansion, the Zulu Army begins to mop up resistant natives, and any other threats to the Zulu. The Zulu Seaport is finished, and construction on an official capital city begins. The Zulu Council passes a series of laws to limit the power of Zulu, and protect citizens from his abusive power.
  • Georgia expands farther northeast along the border with the Crimean Khanate into Mongol territory. A series of forts is built along Georgia's eastern border in case the advancing Turks get too ambitious. Infrastructure is improved focusing on the roads in rural areas and increasing the capacity of the western ports. An alliance offer is sent to Muscovy, Poland and Epirus.
  • With most of the opposition submiting to Akecheta, at last the Lakota tribes are unified into a nation. Akecheta declares himself High Chieftain and takes several wives whom three of them are from three of the opposing chiefs. As newly High Chieftain of the Lakota, Akecheta creates a Hierarchy-Monarchy type Government in which his heir sons will take High Chieftain position once he dies. Akecheta improves the military system, improves the weaponry and builds more settlements. The Nation contines to expand North and West and the Birthrate continues to rise.
  • Brandenburg continues building up its army and newly bettered navy (thank you very much Poland) in preparation for Luxembourgish defeat. It asks BURGUNDY, SAXONY, MILAN, Bohemia, and France for help. NOVGOROD and the KALMAR UNION are offered alliances. Brandenburg tests its newfound capabilites by sending two ships to the OTL Faroe Islands (plausible) and Southestern Iceland each although the ones that go to Iceland return deciding that the area will not be of much use, but not without one of them staying there. (Plausible?) Meanwhile Frederick II dies and Karl I, King of the Crown of Aragon becomes the new elector with Wilhelmina at his side. Their son Wilhelm is born. Brandenburg sends military aid to Venice against Hungary and urges its allies and compatriots to do the same. It asks Denmark if it can buy the small outlet that's part of Denmark but next to Mecklenburg and Pomerania.
    • Burgundy: We will aid if you need us, we are glad to help a German nation.
    • Milan: We also will help. The rightful Emperor must prevail!
  • Aragon continues to build up its military to invade Bearn. The King, also Electorate (or electorate consort?) asks Naples if it is interested in rejoining Aragon through union again. It sends a few ships to Brandenburg to help it enlarge and empower its navy. The King also asks if his son can be betrothed to the heiress of any country, especially Castille, France or Naples. Meanwhile, it also supports Venice since Brandenburg is. It also supports Wales. Diplomatic ties with Luxembourg, if any, are severed.
  • Richard III is happy to see Wales again in English hands, and sends John de Mowbray, 4th Duke of Norfolk, to keep the country under control. Edward, Prince (no longer Duke) of York, is sent to supervise the construction of the new fleet, and he learns about naval tactics and technology. Many humanist artists and philosophers are received in England. Edmund of Rutland is sent to officially prupose Maria to marry him, while his main counsellor and true commander of the English forces in Germany, Henry Holland, 3rd Duke of Exeter, leads the troops in battle against Hungary and Albert VI's men. The King asks Venice for an alliance, seeing the mutual need for protection. Richard Neville, in Calais, commands the forces supporting Brandenburg against Luxembourg, while William Neville, 1st Earl of Kent, leads the troops supporting Bavaria-Munchen. Richard asks Aragon for an alliance.
    • Aragon will accept this alliance only if England gives Wales some degree of autonomy.
    • I would usually have no problem accepting this, but, I must ask... Why in the heavens does Aragon even care about Wales?
    • Because Brandenburg doesn't really like England and is close to Burgundy, thusly also France, and thusly also Scotland, and thusly also Wales. All very wonderful.
    • Again, why doesn't Brandenburg like England when England is supporting it in any way possible and is surrounded by English allies (such as Burgundy). England is in peace with both France and Scotland, and Wales is not even a civilized country, in the sense most european at the time would accept, so you supporting Wales in this circumstances is like me supporting Granada (a country I'm not related with in any way, but I have to dislike for cultural matters) just to show you how much I dislike Aragon.
    • Oh. Never mind then. I thought England was a trading partner and France an ally, not vice versa.
  • Sorry I didn't post last turn. Austria thanks everyone for their support, and pledges that they will be rewarded. The Austrian army, having been prepared, swarms into Styria, and they quell most of the disorder in the country. Even in this difficult time, Frederick III issues the unification treay, which will be displayed on the HRE page, All MEMBERS PLEASE LOOK AT IT. He also wishes to talk to the Venetian Doge soon. Helena gives birth to a daughter, Maria Anna Hapsburg.
  • France warns that Bearn is a vassal of France and demands Aragon step down. France is outraged it invaded its ally Wales, asking why would they do such a thing. Meanwhile, the government continues to convert its vassal states into provinces. The scholars, artists, and architects continue to pour information to France. Numerous books are sent to libraries in numerous cities, scholars have brought the printing press back, humanists return with realistic ar designs, and architects write their studies of Greco-Roman architecture. France begins to develop a strong navy so that they can establish control of the seas. They copy ship designs from Portugal and Italy and then try to study their designs to find any possible improvements. The government begins rebuilding the economy, encouraging the growth of the middle class. While the reforms are going well, some nobles criticize some of the loss of their rights, yet prove lodges keep them from revolting.
    • Bearn is in the influence sphere of France, it's not a vassal. Also, I must remind again, Wales is not an organized state to be allied with, especially since the unique thing France and Wales had in common was to be in war with England, and it does not make them allies.
    • Papal States D: The Pope requests that France, as well as any other of its allies (such as England or Venice) to assist them in the "invasion" of Tunisia to establish Catholic influence in Africa.
    • England is, at the moment, incapable to support so many fronts of war, as they're already participating in three different wars in Germany and its still working on reparations for the war with France and other arrangements for the conquest of Ireland. Anyway, the King congratulates the new Pope for his election and asures him total support in any economical matter he must to face, and promisses to support any military campaign in the future.
    • French Diplomacy: They cannot, as they are in the mist of reconstruction, but since they do support the Pope's ambitions, they agree to send aid in the form of mercenaries.
  • Chichen Itza: The Emperor orders that all cities practicing the new religion submit to the rule of Chichen Itza. It begins methodically moving south from city-state to city-state, purging it of the infidels and incorporating it into the Empire. The Emperor is pleased, because his plan is working. The religion wasn't a big problem, but he used it to motivate his people. The Army is increased, in case of attack, and the Navy continues building its might. The ships begin going farther and farther from the mainland, testing their new abilities.
  • The Manchurians continue to expand their territory northward.
  • Epirus: After many years of recruiting, the military and navy is quite a bit larger than it was in 1450. Epirus pledges aid to Venice to use to protect themselves from the Hungarians. The Despot, Leonardo Tocco thinks about a unified Balkans north of the Peloponnese peninsula and Venetian holdings to defend themselves from the Ottomans, and thus announces The Despotate of Epirus is now a Kingdom. He renames Angelokastron to Leonardople, in the old Byzantine style, and entertains the idea of a colony or colonies in North Africa. Lezhe is close to being reformed, and the Despot now King anticipates Lezhe's army becoming part of Epirus'. Greco-Roman art and archetecture is especially popular in Epirus, and King Tocco I orders several of the "printing presses" for royal use.
  • Bohemia keeps on trying to restore order to the country using its now completed army.
  • Scotland continues to improve its military by order of the King, who also increases naval capacity for the land. The Scots begin to trade with France more.
  • Saxony: The armourer returns from Venice with enough arquebuses for about one small regiment of foot soldiers. The Elector puts this new unit to work, and almost all of the country is now back in order. The Elector decides to build a cathedral in Coburg to thank God for his victory over the rebels/rogues.
  • Milan's military is increased and upgraded with new weapons, uniforms, training, etc. Many marriages between the Houses Sforza and Gonzaga happens, tightening the relations between Montferrat, Mantua and Milan. D'Asti is turn to a vassal of the Sforza (is this pausible?). Print presses are built to be used by the Sforza. Some battalions are moved to the Genoa border (only as a persuasive method) as the Sforza spend money bribing different Genoese politicians. Two hundred poor Milanese are moved to different places in Genoa as influence-colonies. Most of the army is helping the German states against rebels and Luxembourg, or the Pope.
  • Bavaria: Fully supports the holy Roman Emperor and asks that those whom may not have signed the unification treaty do so. The Munchen Cathedral continues to be built, drawing artisans from all segments of Europe. Hungary is declared a state enemy. Let it be known that Bavaria will support the Emperor always. King Andreas begins a massive public works system throughout the recently united Bavarian countryside, bring much need roads, river ferrys, wells, and business to all portions of Bavaria. The King announces His plan to merge Wurttenberg into Bavaria to help ensure national stability. The King further announces His endorsement for the New Pope and offers his condolenses to the bereft. He announces that Bavaria will fight to establish the Holy Church in Tunsia. Bavaria declares Luxembourg a national enemy and will aid Brandenburg.
  • The Mamluk Empire sends some military support into the Hafsid land, hoping to both expulse the Christian threat from the Islamic world and weaken the Hafsid population by making the war more drawn-out and harder for the North African state. In the east, Copts and Syriacs continue to rise in population, with some of the most extremist Syriacs asking to move and spread their language back into their "homeland", Aq Qoyunlu-held Mesopotamia. The Mamluks, however, afraid of any trouble this might cause in Aq Qoyunlu, deny any legal passing through the borders.
    • Oman sends military aid to help the Mamluks take over Hafsid Tunisia.
  • Serbia: The King brings many villages, throughout Serbia, together. Some rebel villages pop up, claiming to be the true leader of Serbia, though rather than use violence, King Branković says that village leaders will be made nobels, at his new Beograd Castle, which is expected to not be completed for 20 years (Not be complete until 1472 at the earliest).
  • Denmark continues To upgrade its military and navy, with the navy having been expanded consistently since the King made his proclamation. Military aid is Sent to Venice, To assist their efforts against the Hungarian invasion.
  • Venice thanks Denmark for the aid and attacks the Hungarians in Dalmatia. The Doge decided to seek Imperial Protection and requests Austria for supplies. The Byzanite Empire also immediately sends what troops it has to defend against Hungary. Venetian agents convince the Croatian rebels to attack Hungary instead of Venice in return for greater rewards.
    • Bavaria sends financial aid and supplies to Venice.
  • Oman expands 1000 sq km northward into Bedouin territory as Omani fishermen move northward to be able to fish with less competition. Oman also expands 2000 sq km southward into the desert as several Bedouin tribes pledge alligence to Oman. Oman's merchant fleet continues to grow a lot as trade in the Persian Gulf and Indian Ocean continues to boom. Tensions grow in Socotra as Omani merchants and navy expand their territory on Socotra as a large new sea port begins to be constructed. This annoys the Socotra locals as they see this as an invasion of their island, and so they start a campaign of resistance and attacks against Omani holdings in Socotra. Sultan Omar ibn al Khattabwith is appalled at the attacks by the Socotra locals, so the Sultan sends the Omani navy and a few detachments of the Omani army to Socotra to subdue the locals. The Socotra colony expands by 1000 sq km as the army seizes land from the locals and gives it to the new Omani settlers. Some of the natives in Socotra decide to emigrate and become Omani citizens, this campaign to assimilate the Socotra locals with the Omani begins to pick up speed as Oman helps out Socotra locals improve their living standards. Oman also begins trading with Adal and negotiations also begin with Adal about forming an alliance.
  • Siam: The Royal army is now using much larger amounts firearms and the war in Cambodia continues and Forces push farther in with the intention of establishing a puppet state that will be loyal to Siam. Plans to spread south continue. The infrastructure continues to improve and trade with the Malay states expand. The Japanese alliance is accepted after much deliberation. The tax system is reformed and the centralization of power continues.
  • China continues to rebuild the Oirat Military Zones and connecting the former Khanates to China. Siam is offered a non-aggression pact (the Chinese nobility has been considering boosting relations with them for some time). Meanwhile, the military is expanded a bit.
    • The Siamese King accepts the Chinese offer and a diplomat is dispatched to China to initiate formal relations with China and with the hope of acquiring Chinese technology to improve Siam.
  • The Maximum Horde Territory is taken. The Novgorodian Forces retreat to their home city, and they are greeted with a hero's welcome. The Novgorodians send men to Europe (Most importantly wherever the Printing press was invented) to learn of ships and the new technologies. The Posadnik looks closely for opportunities to modernize Novgorod. There is discussion of sending people to Arabia and the Ottoman Empire as there are rumors that medical practice is more effective there. The first Novgorodian gunsmith opens up shop.


The Chatagai Khanate officially collapses. The remnants of the Chatagai government manage to stabilize a small southern portion of their former territory. The rest of the former country is divided between the newly-established Kazakh Khanate and the resurrected Oirat Khanate. The Kazakh Khanate is the most powerful, as the Neo-Oirat Khanate had only taken over the eastern regions closest to their former homeland.

Part of the eastern regions of the Golden Horde declare independence as the Khanate of Sibir. The Golden Horde, its power shattered, has no ability to regain the lost territory. The Sibirians are able to seize most of the Golden Horde's territory in Asia.

Small complaints are held in Northern Europe, where both the Muslims and the Papacy are so distant that it seems useless to pay large amounts of money to fund Rome's war. These voices are quickly silenced by Catholic noblemen.

I removed the Sibir Khanate bit, because to get to the Sibir Tartar lands, the Kazakhs would pretty much need to conquer the entire Golden Horde, which they are in no position to do.
I adjusted it so that Sibir only declares independence. The Golden Horde, as it's collapsing, would still be helpless to stop them. I'm going to make the Kazakhs turn them into a vassal when they have the ability to do so.
Umm, I thought the war was in Tunis.
  • Diogo Gomes explores the Gambia river, and, like Alvise Cadamosto, reaches the Geba river. Meanwhile, the military continues being built up.
  • Ashikaga Shogunate continues to build up their military and also expands more into 北海道 (Hokkaidō) and Ainu still continues to be fought against. Shogun Ashikaga Yoshimasa also sends a little bit of trained samurai and some supplies to help the Ryūkyū King reclaim his Kingdom. and Jūzō Ayase writes another story: the young warrior goes to defeat some Tengu, though one of them proves to be a challenge.
  • Siamese forces continue to push the initiative in Cambodia and more forces are sent to try to break the Cambodian fighting spirit. Expansion of infrastructure continues. The subsidies granted to religion are increased. Trade with the Malay states is expanded.
  • Chichen Itza shifts its focus to cities on the western coast, hoping to gain more power before going south. However, they stay within Mayan territory, not encroaching on any Zapotec-held lands. Ships return to the city, reporting that they have discovered a new land in the East (Western Cuba). The Emperor orders an exploration team to go search the new land.
  • Aq Qoyunlu expands another 1000 sq km into Golden Horde's territory along the border with Georgia (try to spread thin if possible). The Sultans of Dulkadir Ramazan have been executed by the Sultan of Aq Qoyunlu for not paying taxes, and has put in some of their relatives, who are viewed to be more submissive to the Sultan. The New Sultanate, however, has changed its approach toward financing th Aq Qoyunlu military by giving Military aid itself, henceforth they both declared their support for the Hafsids. Aq Qoyunlu has made a small state called Assyrians for some of the "New Assyrians" as long as they pledge alliegance to the Sultan, and all of his wars, taxes and other laws.
  • Oman expands 1000 sq km northward into Bedouin territory as Omani fishermen move northward to be able to fish with less competition. Oman also expands 2000 sq km southward into the desert as more Bedouin tribes pledge alligence to Oman. Oman's merchant fleet continues to grow a lot as trade in the Persian Gulf, Red Sea, East Indies and Indian Ocean continues to boom. Oman expands into Socotra by 1000 sq km as more of the natives in Socotra decide to assimilate into Oman. Muscat is rebuilt and is a much more modern city now and much easier to defend. Oman forms an alliance with Adal, mostly done to help protect Adal from any more Ethiopian expansion.
  • Maranid: The Dynasty improves roads across the Kingdom, establishing more patrol to stop raiders, thus establishing the government more. The Maranid Dynasty imposes taxes on Christian Traders, though not much.
  • The Zulu Army continues mop up defiant natives in the new Zulu Territories, while the cooperating natives and tribes are left alone. Construction on the capital city continues, and the King's Mansion is halfway completed, while other major buildings are 25% complete. The Zulu Council reorganizes the interior of the Zulu Kingdom into districts, with each one being ruled by the majority ethnic group in that district. The Zulu Council establishes a court system, which will be subdivided into: national, district, and village court. National Court deals with government officials or district disputes; district deals with large disputes between cities; and village deals with individuals or groups.
  • Bahmani Sultanate begins to expand fiercely east to cut off expansion from the south, expanding 2000 sq km into Gajapati. Boats are also sent to vassalise the Sinhalese Kingdoms. Bahmani offers a treaty to Vijayanagara offering to fully respect each other's territorial boundaries (e.g. avoid expanding into each other). The Sultan also offers to Gondwana that the country be absorbed into the Bahmani Sultanate, in return for which the Sultan will be built an enormous palace wherever in the territory he wishes, forever to be staffed by 200 servants and concubines, and that he will never want for any food, drink or woman he wishes. The Sultanate in any case expands secretly 1000 sq km into Gondwana.
  • Muscovy, having annexed a large part of the Golden Horde, brings its armies back from all other countries, and starts to modernize them and build them up. The economic stimulus plan continues. Meanwhile, The armies stage a border fight with Rostov (though Rostov is not actually involved). Several messages condemning them begin, as well as a number of speeches. There is a build up to war....
    • I'm still wondering how this whole Horde thing will work...especially with Novgorod...and also, I would like to conquer Crimea before 1500...if it weren't for Novgorod, you would have lost the war with the Horde big time (the only reason the Horde didn't have 80+ points is because they attacked first, and that's because Novgorod decided to say no more to paying take that into account before you start taking all the territory for yourself).
    • Didn't since Muskova aided Novogorod, the Novogorodians didn't lose their war, but rather won it. So we're square.
    • I was thinking for future: We Split Tver, Moscow Gets Ryazan, Rostov, Tver and Yaroslavl, Novgorod gets Pskov back under its belt, Kazan and Sibir ... we support each other in those conquests ... deal? (I think that its legal to basically scare the other Russian states into submission as like vassals or annex them without war for military protection after one of the three is captured ... because of the common culture, language, religion and culture. )
  • Korea continues to amp up their military, as well as fund their Explorers Corps. The interior continues to be revised, with many incompetent generals, officials, and others removed from service. Many officials and generals are also executed, for war profiteering and other crimes.
  • Georgia begins to upgrade the city of Tbilisi focusing on the university hoping the city will look more like a western European one in the near future. Georgia begins to exert some control over Trebizond using their new fleet hoping to help maintain the Orthodox presence in that area. Expansion to the northeast just above the Turkish expansions continues.
  • The Manchurians decide to forgo mainland expansion in order to focus more on the improvement of national infrastructure. The port facilities at Hǎishēnwǎi are a particular high priority for improvement, as the current facilities are woefully inadequate for the amount of trade coming in from China, Dai Viet, Korea and the Ashikaga Shogunate. The Manchurians also begin massively improving the national road network, as most communities are only linked by pitiful dirt roads. The Manchurians also begin a tradition of strict city planning that will result in some of the most beautiful cities in East Asia. The Manchurians continue expanding their foothold on Huatai Island, and it is planned to have the entire island under Manchurian control by 1475.
  • The Duke of Florence agrees to fully support the Holy Roman Emperor. He sends troops and supplies as tribute upon signing the Unification Treaty. Emessiaries are sent to neighboring states and attempt to gain support for the Treaty.
  • Lakota: Akecheta reforms the Lakota into a united confederacy. He expands the nation North and west by sending settlers to the areas. Military weapons and military laws are updated, settlements are updated and made bigger and Birthrate rises. Military and Laborer population rises also.
    • You can't unite as a nation, build up your military and expand in one turn.
  • Ethiopia: Ethiopian forces push 1,200 sq km into Adal brushing the smaller Muslim forces aside, and capture their Sultan before he can escape to Mogadishu. Back in Ethiopia, Emperor Yaqob sees to the development of the nation's new port at OTL Massawa, and orders its development into the empire's primary center of trade outside of the highlands.
  • Scotland continues its buildup of the military and army. Some noblemen complain about the large amounts of money being sent to the Pope, but King James II tolerates no religious dissent in his army.
  • Papal States: The Pope is pleased with the expansion efforts in Hafsid, though reports come back that there are mixed results in the invasion, and without a decisive victory, the expedition may have to continue for another year or two. Military and naval expansion continues in order to better establish Catholicism on the Cape of Alfons. The Catholic Church hopes to make peace with the Hafsids when victory goes as plans, thereby reducing casualties. His Holiness blesses all those brave men who had served in the establishment, and prayers are chanted throughout the land for their safe return. He also very much appreciates the international support that the Papal States have received, and states that any other international help is always welcome.
  • Austria and the Holy Roman Emperor thanks Florence, and the doge in particular, for his loyalty and aid. The war against the rebels appears to be turning in favor for the Empire, and with the Croatians turned against Hungary it is expected that they will fall back in line now that Austria and the Croatians are fighting the same enemy. Frederick's advisors persuade him not to directly annex Tyrolia upon its defeat, but instead vassalize it. The Emperor declares support for the Pope, but given the Empire's current condition, cannot supply aid at this time.
  • Ottoman empire: For many years the Ottoman Karaman war has raged, and still the Ottomans fight the Karmans for what is over five years now, and a battle occurs destroying the main Karaman army, soon Ottoman troops run freely throughout the country after the capitol is captured. Karamans vassal is then turned into an Ottoman vassal state, and the Ottomans ask if they can annex all or most of the Karamans since the war lasted 5+ years.
    • No. even if the war lasted four years, this only means that you can get 7,7% of their territory and this isn't enough to vassalize them.
  • Brandenburg continues building up its navy. Meanwhile, the birth of the third child of the rulers is celebrated. It is a boy, his name is Friedrich Wilhelm. Brandenburg declares revolution against Luxembourg.
  • Bavaria: The King officially announces the merging of Bavaria and Wurttemberg into a single entity with Wurttemberg as a vassal subservient to the King of Bavaria, all nobles are granted titles in The Grand Duchy of Bavaria, helping to ease the transition. Work continues on the Munchen Cathedral, reliquary is built to house the Holy Hand of St. Paul and will be kept as a treasure of Christendom, all are encouraged to view it upon its finished housing. The King orders a shift in the nation's policy to focus more on infrastructure and improving the way of life for all Bavarians, many new churches are formed. The city of Mainz receives its first printing press and prints the Bible in both Latin and German. Knopf Publisher is born as a religous publishing institute.
  • Milan: Builds up the army, some forces are send to help Austria and Brandenburg. The Pavia university receives a printing press. Alessandro Sforza, lord of Pesaro joins the Pope in the war against the heretics. Milan's humanist artists flourish and start working with Pavia. With Genoese help Milan finish the a ship, that is send to help the Pope with supplies.
  • Saxony: The entire Electorate has finally been brought back to order. Work continues on the Coburg Cathedral, but it will still be many years before it is finished. A local Bishop purchases some "printed" Bibles. The Elector makes a rule stating that local nobles must be able to supply him with a small unit of arquebusiers, since he has seen the potential for the new weapons. The Elector asks the Prince of Anhalt if a union between their two countries would be possible (by a marriage between Ernest, Prince of Saxony, and a Princess of Anhalt.)
  • France's Scholars, artists and architects have brought many ideas from Italy to France, advancing the intellect of Paris and the rest of the country. The country continues to convert its many vassals and other French states in its sphere to provinces. They continue to send mercenaries to the Papal States as they do support the campaign in Tunis. They also send some military expertise to the Pope's military advisors so they can be more successful. The designs of the caravel from Portugal are copied and sent to France, who begins making their own fleet of ships.
  • Tibet again attempts to contact Siam for an alliance. Preparations for a nationwide military begin, in order to allow Tibet to defend itself. Missionaries contact Himalayan monastries, in order to chart territory and prepare for new "monastery" roads.
    • Siamese Troops find the Tibetan diplomats and welcome them to the Royal Court where the proposal will be looked at.
  • Venice smashes the Hungarian army in the Battle of Dalamtia and pushes into Hungarian territory. By the end of the campaign the Hungarian troops, disorganized and shaken, retreat to Buda. Venice annexs the last part of the Hungarian coastline and establishes Croatia as a buffer state. The Doge is pleases at the result of the war and waits for the Empire's response.
    • The Grand Duchy of Bavaria is pleased with the outcome and congratulates Venice on a good victory against our most hated enemy.
    • England asks Venice for an alliance.
    • Frederick III suggests that Hungary becomes a vassal of the HRE while Venice maintains its vassal of Croatia.
  • Serbia: A monarchy is officially established in Belgrade, where about 40-50% of the country is in support of the new King. Religion is also used, as the Serbian Orthodox Church holds much power among Serbs, with a new Cathedral that is being built in Belgrade, though may take over 50 years to build, though it will be located within the castle's walls. Despite a shaky alliance with Hungary, the Serbian Army of Hungary had already moved back to their homeland, leaving Hungary to lose its coastline.
  • Majapahit continues building up its navy. An explorer from Majapahit leads an expedition that goes as from as Japan and Persia (though the expedition will continue for the next four years). Majapahit's vassals expand into Borneo more.
    • A Siamese mission is sent to Majapahit to discuss a trade agreement and a possible alliance in the future.
  • China expands its defensive military as new firearms are built. Plans for some firearms are sent to Siam under the condition that these plans are not released to anyone for ten years.
  • Burdgundy: initiates building up its army and with the 32 ships a small patrol fleet is implemented in the coast and the other ten ships begin scouting the North Atlantic while the remaining 20 ships start mapping northwestern African coast and set small outposts in the Canary Islands, unification pacts are asked to Friesland, Utrecht, Cleves, and Munster(RNG PLEASE)
    • ​ Sorry, but I don't think four independent states will voluntarily join you just because you asked, that kind of thing doesn't happen.
  • England continues developing its naval technology, with many engineers from Portugal and Italy working on new types of caravels and carracks. Richard III starts seeking philosophers and artists from the Low Countries instead of Italy. William Neville takes command of his troops in battle against Albert VI's rebels. Edmund, Earl of Rutland, travels to Calais, where he becomes officially heir of a new Princedom. Richard III remained as Prince, however, but he asks the Emperor to this little new principality to join the Empire. Richard Neville leaves some troops fighting in Luxemborug while he and most of the troops go to Hungary to support Austria.
    • Frederick III fully supports Calais's entry into the Holy Roman Empire.
  • Australian Aborigines: A boy by the name of Allunga is born to a young couple living in the Nuunga tribe in southern Australia. He appears to be strong and healthy, and the family rejoices.


Oirat refugees continue to travel into the remains of the Chatagai Khanate. With the Oirat Khan being an exile, he has very loose control of his territory, and much of it is in civil disarray. The Chatagai continue to collapse, as small Khans declare their independence from a shattered empire. The Kazakhs attempt to stop any more Oirat Mongols from entering their territory, but they are unsuccessful at stopping the raids from destabilizing much of their eastern territory.

When I wrote of the Neo-Oirat Khanate I was thinking that a new Khan had risen to power when they moved to the Chatagai Khanate.

I altered the event

  • Portugal continues preparing its army, along with developing its naval technology. Meanwhile, Isabel de Coimbra gives birth to another son, which is called João.
  • Ashikaga Shogunate continues to build up their military and also expands more into 北海道 (Hokkaidō) and Ainu still continues to be fought against. Jūzō Ayase writes another story: the young warrior continues defeating some Tengu, and eventually runs into a Miko along the way.
  • Muscovy concludes its economic development plan. Military buildup continues with the 'border conflict' with Rostov, and it has grown into a series of skirmishes. Troops Buildup occurs on the borders of Tver and Rostov also.
  • Novgorodians establish a military "base" near the Tver border to monitor the position, especially since the government is not very stable since the expulsion of the Tatars from Rus. The Novgorodians first hear from one of their European envoys about a machine that can print... This is taken very joyously by the Novgorodian traders, as it can be a way to make it cheaper to advertize themselves and sell other products such as books without the use of monks that make illuminated manuscripts. Envoys are sent to Arabia and Tsargrad (Constantinople) to learn of medicine. Further co-operation is liked with Moscow due to their combined efforts in destroying the Mongols. The Veche agrees to all the proposals above... Thoughts are brought up about sending a team to China to learn of fireworks and gunpowder....
  • Cosimo de' Medici chooses to set aside an exorbitant sum of money on setting up several art schools, planning to increase Florence's culture over time. The remaining budget is used to work on equipping the militia with guns, replacing their old weapons.
  • Scotland continues to improve its military on King James II's request. He sends money to the Papal States to help them recover from the war, as he is a loyal Catholic. This makes some nobles grumble, but they are easily silenced by James II, the new, powerful King of Scotland.
    • Papal States: The Pope is thankful for the funding, and offers a trade agreement.
  • Aq Qoyunlu begins to train its generals in military strategy. Aq Qoyunlu proposes an alliance with the Crimean Khanate, which it procrastinates on answering.
  • Frederick III offers his brother Albert VI a deal: Tyrolia will become a separate state in dynastic union with Austria, and in exchange the war will end. Albert accepts, and the Duchy of Tyrolia is created. I'll create a map of the division later. Also, can I do this? Frederick III also celebrates Venice's entry into the Holy Roman Empire. With the Mongolian Khans falling, the Emperor offers them refuge in part of the Black Sea territory, should they need to flee.
    • It's your nation so you can do what you want with it. As long as you think it's a plausible event to happen, you can do whatever.
  • Siamese forces near the Cambodian capital after several years of fighting. The King decides he will at the end of the war only claim the lands that are directly connected to Siam's border to successfully show Siamese power to other states in the region. The expansion south has proven to be of more interest to the King. Cambodia will be turned into a puppet state or broken into smaller states to remove a possible future rival. Trade increases and Siam accepts China's gift is far more interested in other Chinese inventions such as printing and other ones which would greatly increase Siamese economic and political efficiency.
  • Papal States: On the last day of January, His Holiness the Pope announces the overall success in the Hafsid invasion, and requests peace with the Hafsids and their allies. He proclaims the territory won the Cape of Alfons, and begins the process of building Catholic churches and cathedrals. A new port in order to manage Papal ships and protect from Hafsid piracy. Several missionaries are sent, though under protection for their safety and well-being. The Pope also blesses the military men who had fought for the expansion of Roman Catholicism, and statues are made in honour of those who had perished. Thousands of prayers are made for them, and are positive they will be greatly rewarded in Heaven. He also greatly thanks the international support the States had received, and vow to aid any of them in the event of dispute. As well, the Catholic Church announces its request that armed conflict not take place in the foreseeable future.
  • The Manchurians continue their cohesive infrastructure upgrade program. The capital of Harbin has begun the tranformation that will turn it into one of the most cosmopolitan capitals of East Asia. Construction has been completed on the Emperor's new palace, which quickly becomes one of Harbin's most beloved landmarks. The Manchurians continue to expand their territory on Huatai Island.
  • The Zulu expands another 500 sq mi northward and 500 sq m eastward, adding to another 1000 sq mi under the control of the Zulu Kingdom. The Zulu Army begins to remove defiant natives from the territory of the Zulu. The Zulu Capital is halfway completed, and will be finished next year. The Zulu launch its first small boat, and begins to draw up a expedition toward the north and southern parts of the coastline and the possibility of islands.
  • Bavaria: The Bavarian people celebrate the news of the Holy Crusade's success and are joyed to have their soldiers return home from war. Bavaria is officially united in paper this year after Bavaria-Ingolstadt finally agreed to the Unification Treaty last year. The King announces His will to annex Baden and give it to Wurttemberg to form the nation Baden-Wurttemberg. Emissaries are sent to Baden to strike a deal, reminding the Baden leadership of Bavarias' recent successes as well as Wurttemberg's level of freedom. The King wishes that there be no war for the forseeable future and does not build up the already substantial military force this year, instead He funds vast infrastructure improvements and celebrates Rennassiance Art. The Munchen Cathedral begins to hold mass, despite being only 60% complete. It is already one of the wonders of Christendom. The King announces His Son Andreas II will be heir to His throne and sends him abroad to England and after to the Papal States for instruction. The King announces His marriage to His second wife Matild Serosa, the beautiful heir to the Serosa shipping family, they will be wed by national event in the Munchen Cathedral next year, all Allies are encouraged to attend.
  • Wurttemberg: The Viscount of Wurttemberg is nominated by King Andreas and is now Sir Wilhelm Drestt. The University of Stutgartt is founded in the capital of Wurttemberg, Stutgartt. The University will be a place of high learning and will include the most rigourous courses in the Humanities and will provide the student with a wealth of knowledge. An art piece titled Ode to Our Lord is painted by Vincient LaRose and becomes so popular that it is traveled around Wurttemberg and Bavaria before resting in the Hemmelstadt Museum.
  • Majapahit's vassals expand more into Borneo. A few ports are established on the Eastern Half of Papua, these become vassals as well. Another Majaphit expedition is launched. This one maps out the islands of the Philippines. Majaphit accepts Siam's Proposals, and plans to make a treaty dividing Siamese and Majapahit's spheres of influence in South-East Asia.
    • Siamese diplomats that went to Majapahit are interested and the state that Siam is wishing for complete control of the Malay Peninsula and the island of Sumatra while all the rest of the islands are negotiable, and Indochina will probably end up being split between Siam and China.
    • We just want the tip
      ... Majapahit draws up the following map proposing to divy up South-East Asia. Negotiations ongoing.
    • Siamese strongly requests the whole Malay Peninsula and the island of Sumatra. You, Majapahit, may take the Philippines and Borneo is to be discussed but apart from that all the rest of the islands are Majapahit's for the taking. (Sorry, I really want to have the island of Sumatra for the future. I'm not going to give up that request.)
  • Burgundy - It continues asking either an unification or a Dynastic union (if there are Dukes to the mentioned nations) with the nations in the north, the military is increased in the Borders and the Fleet is continue its building now with 80 ships in total 40 continue protecting the shores of the Duchy while the other 20 ships are continue mapping the northern coast of Africa, while the Recently discovered Canary Islands and it starts making attempts of establishing a small outpost in continental Africa, the Duke claims The islands to the Roman Emperor
  • Australian Aborigines: Allunga's first birthday passes with the boy continuing to grow strong and healthy. His parents produce a large yield of food for the year and generally continue to prosper. However, the Nuunga tribe's relations with the Anangu deteriorate.
    • Hey, just letting you know that there's no farming in Aboriginal Australia. Only hunter-gathering. Unfortunately for the Aborogines, they received no domesticatable plants, and only one domesticatable animal, the dingo. Callumthered (talk) 01:09, September 12, 2012 (UTC)
    • werent there some societies on the east coast that had fish ponds? Nkbeeching
    • To some extent yes, there were fish and crayfish traps, but on the whole, they were nomadic peoples. (And he said "crops" anyway). The Torres Strait Islanders, however, did have vegetable patch-type farms. Callumthered (talk) 01:24, September 12, 2012 (UTC)
    • Thank you for informing me about the relative lack of agriculture in Australia. Still, there were various species of edible plants; the problem was that maintaining a farm, due to Australia's weather patterns, proved to be more troublesome than simply hunting and gathering. At least, that's [what Wikipedia] says. IhaveSonar (talk) 01:34, September 12, 2012 (UTC)
    • Yeah, Wikipedia is right about that. There were edible plants, but the Aborigines took what they found, they didn't specifically cultivate them. (I live in Australia, I think I would know these things.) ManofSteele (talk) 02:08, September 12, 2012 (UTC)
    • Me too! And also the edible plants are not of the best domesticatable varieties (like grasses) And the lack of domesticatable animals, whith which to plow and sow and travel with, made agriculture an unviable option. Callumthered (talk) 04:14, September 12, 2012 (UTC)
  • The Swiss Confederation asks the nations of the HRE if if it can get access to a sea port, preferably on the Mediterranean.
  • Ethiopia: The Ethiopian armies reach the Adal capital and raze it to the ground, and bring the rest of the surrounding region to heel. Assassians are hired to kill the leader of the Adal resisters to strike a morale blow. Most of the ras' that defied the Emperor were slain in combat, and those that survived have learned to accept their new role in the Imperial political world.
    • I thought Ethiopia's war against Adal was over? You got your land from Adal so is this another war?
  • Denmark Continues upgrading its military and navy. The King also sends messengers to Germany, Requesting the designs for the printing press.
  • Georgia: Begins to increase its control over Trebizond as many Georgian merchants start to operate in the nation. Georgia continues to modernize the city of Tbilisi and improve infrastructure. The Georgian army expands east toward the Caspian Sea supported by Christians and Jews glad to be finally be rid of the Mongols.
  • Saxony: Work continues on the Coburg cathedral, and nobles raise small regiments of arquebusiers. The elector signs the Unification Treaty, and continues wooing the Princess of Anhalt, hoping to unify the two lands (RNG please, if required).
  • France manages to attracts scholars from most of France into the University at Paris. However, the government is developing plans to demolish it and build and even more grander structure. After the Pope declares victory in Tunis, the mercenaries go back home. In order to raise money, they ask any country if they would want to hire some of France's mercenaries. Meanwhile, the scholars in Italy continue to bring back good information. The King continues to promote the arts so that France can become a greater nation again. Meanwhile, France has managed to construct a small fleet of caravals in Marseilles. There are plans to send them into a expedition, though they must hire a sea captain first. They continue to turn their vassals and other states in their sphere into French provinces. Hoping to help increase France's power, they ask Burgundy to be its vassal state.
    • Papal Diplomacy: The Papal States welcome the mercenaries with open arms, and promise them work in Rome or its outlying cities.
  • Milan: continues build up of army, with better weapons and training. The House of Gonzagas is now in debt with the Sforza. The state of D'Asti is made a vassal in exchange to reduce the credit the Gonzagas owe to the Sforza. We ask for a trade alliance with Florence and a few others with the states around the Duchy.
  • Tibet: Some troops from the not yet official military are sent toward Siam to help it with its wars against Cambodia. Religious missions push west to formally incorporate more land, and the infrastructure of Lhasa is increased.
    • The Siamese King thanks the Tibetan troops offer but believes it will be unwise to use men who are used to the mountains to fight in jungle and heat were many will be afflicted by disease and heatstroke easily.
  • Serbia: The King continues going around the country, promoting the idea of a powerful Serbia. Now 70% of villages support him. However, there are anti-Belgradists, who form local militias, to try to strike at Belgrade, and the groups that support the Monarchy. The King asks for villages to train at least 30% of their villages men, which will join the Royal Serbian Army (Краљевска српска војска or Kraljevska Srpska Vojska), which grows to about 5,000 soldiers over the year. Those who don't join, the Royal Serbian Army will go to war with.
  • Oman expands 3,000 sq km inland across the Omani border (a thin line of expansion inland please). Oman expands into Socotra by 1000 sq km as more of the natives in Socotra decide to assimilate into Oman. Oman sends troops to help Adal fight the Ethiopians too. Oman's merchant fleet continues to grow a lot as trade in the Persian Gulf, Red Sea, East Indies and Indian Ocean continues to boom. This sees an Omani merchant fleet led by the great Omani merchant called Abu Marwan Naessar go travelling down the eastern coast of Africa to map the coastline and to find more African trading cities and nations. Abu Marwan meets the Zulu, a couple of unknown Swahili city states and brings home many exotic teasures back to Oman.
  • The Lakota: Akecheta continues to expand the nation slowly.
  • Venice rebuilds the war-affected region of Dalamatia and sends supplies to Croatia to build up its infrastructure. Venice continues the construction of several monuments and buildings. Venetian diplomats ask Austria to change the Unification Treaty to allow the Italian States equal representation to the German ones and asks Milan, Savoy, Florence and Modena to support it. Venice expands its navy and asks Naples for permission to purchase and annex Malta. Venice asks Milan to negotiate with Genoa for the sale of Kaffa and the Genoan Greek Islands for a hefty sum.
    • Milan: 1. We support your idea, 2. We want to sign a non-aggression pact between the Italian states (like the peace of Lodi), 3. My influence over Genoe is not enough for that, for now I'm trying to establish a puppet state. Once I have done that, we will negotiate.
    • Serbian Diplomacy: King Branković wishes to meet with the leaders of Venice, to help with getting Serbia a seaport for the future by an Invasion of Montenegro. In return, when Serbia stabilizes, we will join an alliance with Venice.
    • England asks Venice for an alliance (again).
    • Austria suggests the Venice meet on the HRE talk page to discuss this matter.
  • China offers troops to Siam in its war against Cambodia. Meanwhile, the military in China is expanded. The former Oirat districts are drafted and many leading generals in the Chinese-Oirat War are given the opportunity to lead the districts once they become provinces. While some accept this great honor, many others wish to stay in the military. The military districts of Dong Oirat, Xi Oirat, and Zho Oirat officially become provinces in October.
    • The Siamese accept the Chinese offer and once again request Chinese typing and agricultural technology to improve Siamese infrastructure, management and economy.
    • China accepts this request.
  • Castille: continues to build up their military, along with developing its naval technology. Jaencio invites members of the League of Leon to meet next year in Leon, also inviting Venice. This plan to strengthen the political position of Castile with its allies, also inviting them to their brothers in Portugal. As a token of goodwill, Castilla offers a military alliance with the Papal States, which its representatives are welcome to Leon, to visit cathedrals next year.
    • King Richard III and Edward of York will be there in Leon. They're very grateful for the Castillian support in the last years.
    • Frederick III cannot be there, but he will send an emissary.
    • Papal Diplomacy: The Pope accepts Castile's military alliance, and agrees to send several representatives (including a few bishops), though the Pope is too frail in condition to visit.
  • Prince Andreas of Bavaria is well received in London, where he's taught English and French for John Skelton, who is the main philosopher and humanist counsellor on the court. Also John Wenlock, an important politician, starts to instruct him in the arts of both war and politics, and archbishop John Morton of Canterbury instructs him in the arts of religion, philosophy and science. The new fleet continues growing, and England starts looking for new enterprisers disposed to offer new possibilities of exploration and trade.
  • Korea continues to fund the Explorer Corps. Isolationism is slowly brought to an end.
  • The Mamluks, although taken aback by the Papal victory, act quickly, refusing to give up their occupied strongholds and sending troops into Hafsid lands, restarting the war in Northern Africa. They request the Muslim states to continue giving their support, stating Hafsid was only invaded so that "nothing like this happens to us again". Syriacs and Copts continue to grow, with Syriacs continue to flock east to OTL Babil Province and the rest of Mesopotamia in the east, and Jordan and Judea in the Mamluk Empire. These migration doesn't want to gain more independence but instead is just looking for new areas to settle.
    • (Wait, does that mean you're declaring war on the Pope's territory? ChrisL123 (talk))
    • Papal Diplomacy: The Pope assures the Mamluks that they want peace with the Arab world, but will support the Mamluks with supplies if they wish to conquer the Hafsids, as it would also help control Hafsid piracy. As well, in order to maintain their territory, ships and military personnel are placed on the Hafsid-Cape of Alfons border.
  • Chichen Itza continues expansion in the Mayan territory. The military is trained for preparation of the exploration of the new land the Emperor's navy (also upgraded) found in the west.


Violence between the Kazakhs and the Mongols continues in the scattered territories that make up the Kazakh Khanate, the Neo-Oirats Khanate, and the remains of the Chatagai. Only the westernmost areas of the Kazakhs are stable, the rest is in civil disarray. The Khanate of Sibir looks upon the chaos in the former Chatagai Khanate with dread, and begins the process of building fortifications along their border. The Sibirians approach the Kazakhs, as they are the most stable of the Chatagai successors, with a deal to help the Kazakhs stabilize their territory. Meanwhile, the Golden Horde continues to collapse, while the Nogai Horde stabilizes

Tyrol requests Austria signs an immediate peace recognizing it and Aquelia's independence. Tyrol would agree to a dynastic union if peace was signed this year.

In the New World there is the dawn of a new Haudenosaunee nation, as the formerly nomadic tribes have begun to set down permanent lodgings. They begin the processes of developing the trappings of what the Old World considers to be civilization.

  • Ashikaga Shogunate continues to build up their military and also expands more into 北海道 (Hokkaidō) and Ainu still continues to be fought against. Jūzō Ayase continues story: the young warrior talks to the Miko, and soon both go off together fighting some more Tengu.
  • Portugal continues to prepare its army. Meanwhile, the exploration around the Geba-Gambia area continue, while they are worried about the Burgundian presence near Madeira. Meanwhile, Pedro Correia buys the captaincy of Porto Santo from Diogo Gil Moniz.
  • Aq Qoyunlu continues to train its officers. Border scrimishes continue with Kara Qoyunlu. The Crimean Khanate finally accepts the Aq Qoyunlu-lular trade alliance.
  • Frederick III signs the agreement with his brother Albert VI, creating the Duchy of Tyrolia in dynastic union with Austria. With the war dying down, Austria begins to flex its military, political, and economic might. The Bohemian and Slovenian rebels quickly fall to joint Austro-Tyrolian might, and an army is soon raised to take the fight against Hungary. Eager to take the fight against the Muslims encroaching against Christian territory, a small force of 500 men are sent to reinforce the citadel of Rhodes and secure it under the Emperor's authority. The Knights Hospitallier are eager to accept the reinforcements, and they begin construction of a naval base and better fortifications. Florence, with its great multitude of artists, is called in to help make the new Imperial city if they are willing. Queen Helena gives birth to a baby girl, Anna Theodora Hapsburg, but she unfortunately dies soon after. Austria still requests that Switzerland, Milan, and Venice meet on the HRE talkpage.
    • '​'I'm not sure I understand how Austria is now in union with Tyrolia. Who is the new archduke-duke? Is it Frederick? Is it Albert? Is it a diarchy? Is there a royal marriage arranged?
    • It is a dynastic union. Both states are ruled by the House of Hapsburg.
    • A dynastic union happens when two institutionally separated states are under the same hereditary ruler. Two states under the same dynasty are far to be a dynastic union, as they're different in both institutions and rulers.
    • According to the rules, that is a personal union, while two or more nations under the same royal house is a dynastic union. Besides, I am just responding to the events.
    • I'm not even sure I agree with the events. First of all. According to the rules, "Dynastic or personal union is multiple countries ruled by a single dynasty or person, respectively. This can be accomplished by overthrowing the dynasty in another country." So, the rules don't mean dynastic is in case of dynasty and perosnal in case of a single person; they're synonyms, and, for it to be a dynastic union, the ruler dynasty must be the same branch under the same person. Second. I would like to know who posted the event; I don't comprehend how a country would voluntary agree to make peace if your ruler also accepts to rule them (that's like if the United States agree to retreat from Middle East but they want to be ruled by Talibans in exchange), especially seeing that Tyrolia just came out of war with Austria, a war caused by a dynastical crisis on succession. Albert VI just has agreed with making peace with Frederick III in exchange for a part of his inheritance, and now he's to return it, that's illogical in any way possible. Galaguerra.
    • He's not returning it, at least in my view. Tyrolia is still Albert's. And I don't know who wrote the event.
    • Then I don't understand the political changes caused by accepting this "dynastical union". If none recongises to have written the event, I propose to delete it.
  • Scotland continues to improve its military. King James II builds a new Cathedral dedicated to Saint Andrew, the patron saint of Scotland who remains very popular among the Scots. Meanwhile, the strange sports involving kicking the ball with one's foot continue to grow in popularity, although some have grown violent to the extent that they have been banned in some areas. The Scottish parliament's power slightly declines in favor to the monarchy, as does the power of individual lords.
  • Florence begins building up its economy, opening up trade relations with the Papal States, hoping to bring in more wealth.
  • Muscovy Declares war on Rostov, Tver, and Yaroslavl. The armies of those nations, though somewhat rallied, are utterly crushed as the Muscovite force swarm forth. Plans emerge to annex all nations. This is debated, however, with Ivan, who wants Tver to be left a vassal. Meanwhile, a new Cathedral begins production in Moscow.
    • If you go to war with three people you will likely get a -10 or a -15 on the algorithm straight off the bat. That is one of the reasons why I said defeat one, scare the's way easier to win a war fighting one front than three. Take my advice, and please get at least +15 in military bonus before proceeding all the nations will appear in the participants list for each algorithm, so you will get a regrettable +10 for the states in military power (L+M+M). If you attack Tver first (the only one Novgorod can help you with... The only one not surrounded by Moscow) we can win an easier war...pick one first...preferably Tver because we can help you...if not, then you have been warned... -Lx
    • Only -10, the population bonus he has of +10 would cancel that out. Also know that you have +2 for every year of military buildup now.
  • Siamese reforms are expanded thanks to Chinese imported technology and the bureaucracy of the nation is trained to use the new printing technology The agricultural techniques learnt from the Chinese will also be put to use. Plans are made by the King to build a great navy of Siam to bring forward a new era in the Kingdom, and to support and protect the growing trade that is expanding with the different islands. The army is expanded and so are the operations against Cambodia as the Siamese forces approach the capital little by little fighting through bitter jungle and resiliant khmers. roads throughout Siam are expanded into Sukhothai, and plans to bring into a formal union both states are began instead of them remaining two separate entities.
  • Zulu: The Zulu Expedition is launched northward toward the coastline of OTL Madagascar, while a smaller land expedition is sent toward OTL South Africa. The Zulu Kingdom expands northward, westward and eastward into the surrounding tribe lands, adding another 1500 sq mi of land to the Kingdom. The Zulu Army moves in and begins to remove hostile or defiant natives from the Zulu Land.
  • Bahmani Sultanate builds its military, fortifying its northern and eastern border and secretly moving troops upward in preparation for a war that it is sure is coming. The Sultanate asks for aid in case of a war to defend a fellow Islamic country in return for which the Sultanate will help to protect Oman against any aggressors. Many ships are placed near Koli in preparation for a pincer movement. Greater numbers of farms in the occupied areas increase the national standard of living.
    • Oman agrees to help Bahmani in their wars.
  • Milan: Sfoza intervened in an Genoan internal conflict, and had Spinetta Campofregoso elected as Doge, as his puppet (Genoa is now a Milanese vassal). The Army is built up and armed with better weapons and now is in controling vassal's armies. The first Milanese fleet is started in the shipyards of Genoa. Many artists arrive to Milan, where Francesco Sforza rewards and sponsors the best.
  • The Armies of Chichen Itza begin to skirt the southern border of the Mayan territory, still not entering Zapotec territory. The Emperor feels confident about the expansion. Ships and supplies are prepared for exploration of the new land, which will begin early next year, if everything stays on schedule.
  • Brandeburg continues celebrations of its victory and HRE unification and the end of teh Austrian War. Meanwhile Brandenburg builds up its military and navy and sets up the new Pomernaian government as per the HRE treaty, making it a client state. It asks to buy the Danish exclave again. (Anyone there?) It asks far off NOVGOROD for an alliance again.
  • Aragon prepares to invade Barn next year and asks the HRE for help in the war. Meanwhile it builds up its military and navy. It asks Naples for an alliance.
  • Bavaria: The King of Bavaria marries His second wife at national acclaim in the Munchen Cathedral. The King is pleased with the intruction by the Prince on England. The Riechstag votes on increasing military funding and resources for defensive purposes only. The Arts flourish in Bavaria as more Renaissance writers and artists flood into Bavaria. The Bavarian nationalist, Johan Hess publishes His first scientific treatise on a thing called "cells", which could explain how the human body functions. The University of Munchen grows into a full university where members from all over Europe and the Empire come to gain knowledge.
  • Werttemberg: The University of Stuttgartt expands its campuses. The Werttemberg Landskrieg is formed.
  • Australian Aborigines: One day, a border clash between Nuunga and Anangu warriors escalates the tension into an all-out war between the tribes. A squad of Anangu raiders pillage a Nuunga village and kill Allunga's parents. Allunga is taken in and cared for by a widowed Nuunga woman.
  • Georgia: monopolizes control over trade in Trebizond. The army is improved and expanded focusing on the navy and heavy infantry units. Georgians begin to immigrate to the new Georgian territory to the east.
  • Tyrolia: With his brother's permission, Albert V gives the Knights Hospitaller a place in the government of the Holy Roman Empire, with the Hospitallers acting as a sort of secret police throughout the empire, arresting would be traitors and heretics. With the war in Tyrolia over, work has begun at fixing the countryside and the economy.
  • Papal States: In a devastating turn of events, Pope Callixtus III is announced deceased, most likely from natural causes. Tears are shed as he is layed to rest in St. Peter's Basilica. A statue is built in his honor for the work done to give glory to the Papal States once again, and prayers for him and his relatives are sent out, though they are all ensured that he is in a better place, blessed by God for his work. The new Pope, Pope Pius II, is elected thirteen days after Callixtus' passing. Being a supporter of the Cape of Alfons for finally being able to establish Catholic lands in Africa, though he is unsure if support should be given to the Mamluks. For his first few months as Pope, Pius II had visited the outlying cities of Rome and even some in St. Peter, which he wishes to greatly unify with the States. The new Pope's first internationally diplomacy was to create a better relationship with the Papal States and Portugal, which had slowly begun to deteriorate, and offers Portugal an alliance.
  • Aq Qoyunlu offers to buy the Asiatic provinces of Genoa, and eastern Byzantium from Venice.
  • Frederick III denies this request.
  • France allows Papal States to buy the mercenaries. All funds with be used to repair the economy of France. The country's economy is now on the rise. The King and his financial advisors focus on agriculture first, then the industry. Farms are recovering from the devastating Hundred Years' War while the idea of powerful, economically-powerful estates arise known as palatial estates. The agriculture industry focuses on foodstuffs to feed its people and grapes for wine. They also encourage farmers to get their livestock to produce more offspring. After a while, it is decided to send the expedition to India, though it will require several stop in Africa before reaching there. They decide that the expedition is to first land in Lisbon for any final preparations then move on. They ask Austria and Venice to buy its mercenaries since they need troops for the war.
    • Mercenaries generally don't care whether or not their government approves of them.
    • I believe these are state-mercenaries, where the government hires out regiments of its own army. It was quite common amongst German states (hence the Hessians in the American War of Independence). Callumthered (talk) 06:36, September 13, 2012 (UTC)
      • Vasco da Gama landed in Calicut on the 20 May 1498, so you're around 40 years too early for a successful trip to India via the Cape of Good Hope by a European nation. ~Von.
  • Tibet continues to work on the military, which will become official in 1460. Lhasa is also expected to become the capital around that time, with preparations for a Lhasan government beginning. Diplomatic missions continue at the west border of the state.
  • Venice builds up its navy and forts. Supplies are sent to Croatia to encourage construction and Greece flourishes in a mini-Renaissance. The University of Venice is opened and it is a marvel of engineering. The entire university occupies an artificial archipelago created off Venice's main island. Entry to the university is granted by a bridge. To travel between building one may take a leisurely boat ride or hurry across one of the university's 20 bridges criss-crossing the campus. The university itself is also a fortress with several towers where cannons are placed to be used if necessary. Venetian merchants seek a new route to India and commission an explorer to sail around Africa if it is possible. The expedition sets sail and the Doge awaits their return next year.
  • Saxony: Prince Ernest continues trying to woo the Princess of Anhalt, while his father the Elector negotiated behind the scenes for Anhalt to become enfoeffed to Saxony. The Coburg Cathedral continues being built at a nice pace. The Elector begins wondering about an Artillery division, which could replace his country's aging trebuchets.
  • Serbia: Villages conquered by the Royal Serbian Army, will be respected, as long as they accept the unofficial King of Serbia. This leads to growing popularity of the Serbian Monarch, for they are surprised that he is not as brutal as other invaders of the country.
  • Oman expands 3,000 sq km inland across the Omani border (a thin line of expansion inland please). Oman expands into Socotra by 1000 sq km as more of the natives in Socotra decide to assimilate into Oman. Oman sends troops to help Adal fight the Ethiopians too. Oman's merchant fleet continues to grow a lot as trade in the Persian Gulf, Red Sea, East Indies and Indian Ocean continues to boom, especially along the eastern coast of Africa now that new trading nations like the Zulu have been discovered. Abu Marwan Naessar returns to Oman after reaching the Zulu Kingdom, and Abu Marwan Naessar shows the Omani Sultan the maps and charts he made of the African eastern seaboard. The Omani Sultan's atlas and encyclopaedia is updated with these new findings too. Sultan Omar ibn al Khattab opens the University of Muscat this year too, this university specializes in teaching people about religious texts, medicine, economics, trade, sailing and warfare. Oman also sends more troops to help the Mamluks too.
    • Zulu Diplomacy: The Zulu King asks for one of these atlases so he knows where to direct his Kingdom or army to.
    • If the Zulu will enter into a trading pact with Oman, then Oman shall provide the Zulu with a copy of the Sultan's atlas and encyclopaedia.
    • The Zulu Council agrees to the trade pact.
  • The Lakota: Akecheta seeing the nation fully go enough from expansion looks south for more opportunities. Meanwhile Military and defense receive upgrades.
  • Burgundy: The Duchy initiates converting the Guanche aborigines in the Canary Islands now named Kanaren Islands to the Christendom as well sending populators (120 civilians) to settle the islands while this the fleet now with 100, 30 are sent to protect the archipelago while other 50 continue protecting the Duchy the other 20 initiate trading to Iceland, while this the island of Jan Mayen is discovered and claim to the Emperor of the Romans by a new explorer called Jan Engelsman (I didn't find any explorer from Burgundy from this time) while this happen the France offer is declined as the Duke Philip states that he will only reverence the Emperor of the Romans. An alliance is asked of Venice.
  • China expands its military and builds up the Oirat provinces.
  • The Manchurians resume expanding their country northward, and the infrastructure project is still ongoing. The Manchurians continue to expand their territory on Huatai Island.
  • Korea continues to fund the Explorer Corps. The Philippines also begins to be settled, a little at a time. The natives there are overpowered by superior weaponry and discipline. The military continues to be improved.
  • The Swiss Confederation asks Savoy if it would like to be united into the Confederacy, changing the name to Swiss-Savoyite Confederation.
  • Majapahit's explorers return with tales of Agrionvipu (Aq Qoyunlu) which they say is a Kingdom in the ruins of Persia. Others tell of Cina (China) and Askigar (Ashkigan Shogunate, or the whole of Japan). Meanwhile, new roads allow Majapahit to help its vassals expand deeper into Borneo. The small unexplored islands in between Papua and Timor are directly annexed by Majapahit, the locals mostly being relocated to Java (there's only about 10,000 of them at maximum), some as slaves.
  • The Novgorodians send some support to Moscow in the form of Arquebusiers although are very unhappy about their decision to attack all three states with war...where Novgorod can only help them with Tver now. The Return of all of the foreign envoys is scheduled for next year


With Sibirian aid the Kazakhs are able to stabilize their territory. The Kazakhs begin the construction of fortifications on their eastern border.

The Nogai Horde officially stabilizes as the new Nogai Khanate. The leader of the horde is crowned as the first Khan of the Nogai. The new Nogai Khan sends a message to Sibir to propose a division of the collapsing Golden Horde.

The old Timurid Empire collapses, shattering into pieces. The strongest of which is the Dimurati Empire of Herat, which is the continuation of the old Timurid Empire. NOTE: Dimurat is basically just OTL Afghanistan and the Timurid territory in OTL Pakistan.

  • Ashikaga Shogunate continues to build up their military and also expands more into 北海道 (Hokkaidō) and Ainu still continues to be fought against. Jūzō Ayase continues story: the young warrior and the Miko manage to fight off more Tengu and saved their lands.
  • The Manchurians resume expanding their country northward, and the infrastructure project is still ongoing. The Manchurians continue to expand their territory on Huatai Island. The first temples are opened in Manchuria. The Manchurians are heavily Taoist with a considerable Buddhist minority.
  • Portugal continues preparing its military, and developing its naval technology. Meanwhile, Afonso V commissions a map to a Venetian Camaldolese monk called Mauro. It also asks Burgundy for a treaty to define each other's claims on the Canary Islands.
    • Burgundy: The Duke agrees to the treaty and we shall divide it fairly for both of us.
  • Aq Qoyunlu keeps training its officers and starts to develop a standing army, as opposed to the semi-irregular troops of the past. Aq Qoyunlu also re-offers the deal for buying Asiatic Genoa. The Crimean Khanate is having more increased trade with Aq Qoyunlu.
    • Frederick III already denied your request. No deal.
  • Austria finishes off the rebels, returning the remaining territory to Austrian control. The deal with Venice is believed to be signed, and Rhodes is turned over to the Byzantine Empire. Troops are sent to the Mongol Frontier territory to garrison it and to monitor any refugees. Florence is called in to aid in the constuction of the new capital city, should they be willing to do so. Artillery is being considered as the main siege weapon, but it has yet to enter service.
  • Florence agrees, and sends some of its most skilled artisans to aid in the Empire's capital. They also vassalize Piombino.
  • Korea continues to amp up their military, as well as the Explorer Corps. The Philippines continues to be settled.
  • Switzerland starts to vassalize Savoy.
    • You don't just "start to vassalize" someone, the process would begin by threatening or bribing them for a few years into becoming your vassal.
  • Majapahit: While more explorations are being down, a ship sails by the coast of Australia. Its sailors believe the land to be just a small island, and they won't return to it soon. Brunei declares war on Majapahit. More of the South-western coasts of Papua are brought under the vassaldom of Majapahit. Explorers bring back stories of the Dimurat (Timurid) Empire. Also, since it seems that Majapahit and Siam can't compromise (yet) we'll wait a little longer before trying to make a deal divying up South-East Asia.
  • Scotland prepares its forces for what appears to be a war, though they are not massing around the English border, which is left relatively undefended. Many common Scots realize that their suspicions that war with England is coming is wrong, and that the war will begin against some other nation. But who? Meanwhile, King James II finally has another son, named John.
  • The Zulu Kingdom's Expedition discovers the southern portion of OTL Madagascar, and will send a team of soldiers to establish an outpost next year. Meanwhile, the Zulu Kingdom expands in all directions by 500 sq m miles each way. The Zulu Army begins its usual policy of sweeping out hostile natives, and incorporating peaceful natives into the Kingdom. Trade begins with Oman, being the first outsider nation to come in contact with. The Zulu King receives the Atlas requested last year, and learns of an Ethiopia, although hasn't come in contact with them.
  • Muscovy continues its invasion of Rostov (forget Tver for now. I shall vassalize that. Probably with the Novgorodians.). The Rostovan armies are destroyed. Do I have to make an algorithm?
    • It would be nice if you made an algorithm.
    • Here`s a guideline on how I made the algorithms: Step 1: take one that is already done, copy and paste it into a word document (or any text editor). Step 2: remove the names of the Nations, and remove any and all numbers associated with the algorithm, leave only the names of the sections (i.e. military development, high ground, expansion, military aid, population, etc...), and leave them one on top of the other as you would see in the algorithm. Step 3: GET RID OF ALL THE BULLET POINTS...EVERY SINGLE ONE!!! You can't believe how annoying it is pasting bullets from word to Wikia. Trust me on this one. Step 4: when you have a war going on, use what you made above as a template, create a new section on the talk page, and copy paste what you made into it, then add in the headlines and fill in the blanks (maybe only leave chance (even then, you can now do it for the opponent yourself. It's the 10th or 7th decimal place in your initial calculation now, I'm not quite sure) and results for mods...but ONLY those...because things can change at a moment's notice). Step 5: Enjoy a non-mod dependent war experience. sincerely, Lx
  • Bavaria: The City of Karolin, Wurttemberg is declared state neutral as work begins in earnest on the future national capital in Wurttemberg. The greatest artisans of Europe are hired to help design and construct the city's various buildings which will include the Conclave of Kings and the Grand Imperial Palace, as well as the construction of the world's largest (attempted) library. The Munchen Cathedral nears 75% completion this year. Troops are sent to the Austrians to help secure the border. The King begins to bribe the nation-state of Baden in hopes of bringing it into control of the Grand Duchy of Bavaria, and more specifically, Wurttemberg. The King grows incredibly ill this year and it may look dire. Prince Andreas returns from studying abroad for Christmas to watch His father before being sent to the Papal States for more education in the workings of the Church. The government thanks England for the exemplary education that the Prince has received.
  • Wurttemberg: Begins to construct Karolin with the aid of Bavaria, city planners from Venice and Genoa, and supplies and artists from all across the Empire. Eberhard V, Count of Wurttemberg, expresses his pleasure in hosting the construction of such a grand city and spares no expense in construction and the liberal use of art. The University of Stuttgart reaches 7,000 students, and impressive number for the region.
  • Papal States: Pope Pius II announces his wish to continue infrastructure and economic growth after the invasion. He is pleased to see greater naval control of the central Mediterranean through the Cape of Alfons, though much needs to be constructed on the Cape before large profits arrive. The mercenaries hired from France are mostly sent to Rome, while few are sent to Alfons to help build cathedrals. Bishops are pleased to see the conversion of hundreds of Hafsid Muslims, and hope to see further Catholic influence elsewhere in the future. As well, having not heard from them, Pius II again offers Portugal an alliance.
  • Brandenburg continues building up its military and navy. It continues asking the Kalmar Union if it can buy the Danish exclave. (I want an RNG now. I haven't gotten a response in years.) Meanwhile "talks" begin with Palatinate to convince it to become a client state or join in dynastic union with Brandenburg, which is really more of a threatening session. Meanwhile Wilhelmina's youngest brother Ludwig is crowned Duke of Pomerania now that the old government has been forcefully replaced.
  • Kingdom of Epirus: Epirus accepts Georgia's alliance offer. A massive modernization of the navy begins, with many modern Italian and Aragonese-style ships are made for war, exploration and transport. Several of these are made for very long exploration voyages. One of these, the "King's Pride" is sent to explore the coast of Northwest Africa. Quick question: Is Albania the League of Lezhe? A small fleet of ships are sent to explore Tunisia. During a storm, several are blown to the mainland. The survivors establish a small village, but with no connection to Epirus. Later, another Epirian exploration vessel contacts it. Word is sent to King Tocco I, and he is pleased, and claims it for Epirus, and contact is established. It is hoped that it will be the start of a new Greek Empire, in the tradition of Alexander and Phyrrus of Epirus.
    • Aq Qoyunlu warns Epirus, and tells it to stay away from Tunisia.
  • The Lakota: Akecheta still continue to unify the Lakota tribes.
  • Georgia asks the Ottoman Empire and Poland for trade agreements. Georgia expands deeper into Mongol territory facing little or no resistance. The Georgian and Trebizondian militaries and economies continue to be integrated
  • The Mamluks declare full-out war on Hafsid Tunisia and send as much troops as they can while encouraging other nations to continue support for the Mamluk Empire, stating "Unification of Islam to prevent further European attacks" as the cause within the Muslim world and "Getting rid of pirates" in delegates within the Christian one.
  • Serbia: The country comes close to full unification, as the King announces, that by God's will, Serbia will be one, and will become the greatest Kingdom in the world. Nobility from Belgrade is planned to be established in each major town and village, as the King's voice. (It may take a while, due to current business, but once I post my country's page, can we remove the "Civil Disarray" part of my page?)
  • The Armies of Chichen Itza begin to head north up the east coast, effectively encircling the remainder of the city-states. More preparations are made for the voyage to the new land. The Navy conducts more trial runs, and the Army has upgraded to on the job training. CourageousLife (talk) 02:39, September 14, 2012 (UTC)
  • France declares the annexation of one of their French vassals (mods decide which one) as they are already close enough for that circumstance. The scholars in Italy bring many treasures to France, as the King is encouraging architects to build magnificent structures to glorify the nation. They continue to vassalize Burgundy as they have not rejected their efforts. Meanwhile, they ask Aragon to unite with France to be one country. The expedition is launched from Lisbon, first heading south, bumping into Cape Verde at the process (the islands). This is among the many things that have yet to be discovered and is now charted on the map.
    • Sorry but Burgundy (I) did reject your efforts.
      • They aren't vassals. They are associate states.
    • Wouldn't you need a personal union (through perhaps a royal marriage) to successfully unite France and Aragon? ChrisL123 (talk)
    • None of those demands have any merit to them at all. Frederick III denies France's vassalisation request.
  • ​Saxony: The Prince of Anhalt finally gives in, and allows Prince Ernest (second-in-line to Saxony) to marry his daughter. When the old Prince dies, Ernest will inherit Anhalt, and the Principality will become enfeoffed to Saxony, whilst still maintaining its own internal governance and a representative in the HRE college. The armourer purchases, and builds, some cannons for the Electoral army.
  • Tibet: Politic buildup to 1460 continues, as several nobles campaign to become Premier of Lhasa. A fully functional road is built between Tibet and Shigatse, and the Drepung monastery is expanded with the blessing of the 1st Dalai Lama. Missions in the west lessen as diplomats focus more on the nation itself, though Himalayan charting missions continue.
  • Siamese Troops finally enter the capital of Siam (Can someone do the annexation of land? I'm only going to take the area along the border to round off my nation's border for now) and begins entering discussions with the Cambodians over a peace treaty. Siamese reforms continue and construction of the Siamese navy begins building them along Chinese designs.
  • Venice continues its cultural expansion and with the new university built in such a unique and splendiferous way, hundreds of the academic elite of Europe decide to move to Venice to pursue their research and art. Venice offers to buy the Genoan territories again but is worried about the Ottoman hold on the Sea of Marmara. The Venetian Arsenal, a closely guarded secret of Venice, continues to beef up the Venetian navy. Venice extends its sphere of influence over Mantua, Modena and Ferrara. Venetian traders break up the remnants of the Hanseatic League, helped by the Russian Wars of Expansion. Most of Europe's trade now arrives and leaves Venice. The Venetian explorer fails to return to Venice, however one of his ships was sent back before a heavy storm and arrives, heavily damaged in Castille. The Doge learns of the African coast to OTL Ghana but the rest of the expedition is presumed lost thanks to the vicious storm.
    • Novgorod still holds onto the remnants of the Hanseatic League as the host of its easternmost ports (including Novgorod). The Hanseatic League is taken control of by Novgorodian traders.
    • For all technical purposes, the Hanseatic League will still exist as a small northern trading block.
  • The heir to the Chinese throne contracts a fatal illness while visiting Southern China. The empire is in mourning. A new heir is named in July. Meanwhile, the military in China is expanded and the Oirat Provinces are built up more.
    • The Manchurians declare a day of mourning for the Chinese Crown Prince.
  • Burgundy: The Duchy initiates campaigns to Vassalize Friesland by Bribing and Preparing blockades and a possible occupation in the future, while this explorers and settlers arive to the Aland Isle in the Baltic and while this occurs the Entire domains of the Duchy are Claimed in its entirety in the name of the Emperor Frederick III of the HRE. An alliance is asked of Scotland, Novgorod and Epirus. While in the Kanaren Island, an army sets a small base in continental Africa near the islands and asks the Papal States to Help with the Conversion of its Inhabitants. The Duke Continues to keep French Vassalization from Spreading farther into the Duchy.
    • Novgorod would be delighted to have an alliance with a Mediterranean state, especially for trade relations and technological and cultural innovations.
  • The English navy continues to be improved. This time, using maps of Burgundian and Portuguese explorers, the English adventurer Thomas Alcock travels to the southernmost Morocco and the north and center of Songhay, mapping the coasts and recollecting data for future trade routes. England wants to commerce with Novgorod through the Hanseatic League, so they would want the cities of London and Calais to join it through merchant and artisan guilds. The King offers James II a deal, negotiating a future partition of Ireland. England also asks an alliance to Burgundy to share naval technology, exploration information and avoiding the external (French) influence in the Empire. Edward is making up a reputation in between the Anglo-Irish lords, and many of them follow him as a leader, abandoning their traditional autonomy from the crown. Edward travels to Lisboa again to see his fiancée Joana and represent his father in the court of the King. He meets the heir and the other courtly nobles, and gets involved with Portuguese policy but, at the end of the year, he's back in Dublin, where he has his own castle.
  • Novgorodian envoys return from Arabia, with much more medical knowledge that really contrasts with Europe in how it actually works. The Novgorodian doctors start slowly changing their practices to Arabian and Ottoman ones, abandoning bloodletting and leech treatments altogether by the end of the year. The Military works on making the best cannons to use in the future siege of Tver. The first Novgorodian printer gets set up, and business is booming as it is the only printer in the Entire nation. Novgorod decides to buy another hundred arquebuses, and acquire some cannons from Europe (to reverse-engineer). The Veche gives permission to build a shipyard in the Gulf of Finland (St Petersburg Location). It is planned that Novgorod will have a European-style navy, and will have to decide on a flag in the next ten years.
  • Bahmani Sultanate develops arquebuses and further expands 1500 sq km north and east. More ships, crammed with soldiers, are sent out to surround Koli in preparation for war. The borders are further fortified and more farms are created for the cultivation of food and spices for export.


The Kazakhs continue to grow in strenghth in central Asia, and the Neo-Oirats begin to slowly stabilize. The remnants of the Chatagai prepare one last desperate offensive in attempt to regain their territory.
  • Ashikaga Shogunate continues to build up their military and also expands more into 北海道 (Hokkaidō) and Ainu still continues to be fought against. Jūzō Ayase begins another story: the young warrior and the Miko soon see the Oni invading their lands and begin to fight them off.
  • Ethiopia: The Ethiopians annex Adal after successfully driving their forces from the field of battle, and preparations for a new campaign to take OTL Assab is drawn up for the next year. The Emperor orders the culling of the Muslim population to prevent rebellions or attempted assassinations of Christian Ethiopian officials sent to govern the conquered lands. Development of an Imperial road system continues, and work to connect the former Adal capital of Harer begins.
    • No. You haven't done the algorithm for another war and if this is still the old war you had against Adal, you haven't won that war by enough to annex all of Adal.
    • So I have to do an algorithm to defeat Adal? Also, I took Harer in 1454.
    • Well in your last algorithm you only won by enough to take 8.8% of Adal, so you can't take the capital unless it is part of the 8.8% you're taking off Adal. If you want to completely defeat Adal you need to get 33.3% of Adal via an algorithm as that is the amount needed to topple the government but then you still have to deal with the conquered Adal people revolting against your new rule over them.
    • The percentages for overthrowing the government compound, so he now just needs to take about 25% of Adal to overthrow their government, unless one of the two governments falls, then he has to start all over.
  • Florence opens trade with Venice, wishing to mutually increase their cultures and economy. Cosimo Medici's son, Piero, comes down with illness, though it does not seem to be fatal.
  • Portugal continues preparing its military. Meanwhile, Pedro de Sintra reaches further southern latitudes from the Geba. While mapping some hills near the coast on this area, he calls said hills Serra de Leão. Negotiations with Burgundy continue. Meanwhile, Diogo Gomes discovers some islands not too distant from the Geba-Gambia area. Some of them have already been discovered by a French expedition in 1459. Six of them are named São João, Santa Luzia, São Nicolau, São Tiago, São Felipe, Maio and Llana. Those islands are added to the holdings of the Order of Christ. Preparations to colonize those islands are made. Meanwhile, the Duke of Viseu Henrique de Avis, known as "Navegador", dies. The Duke of Beja, Fernando, receives the title of Duke of Viseu, as he had been named heir of Henrique. Meanwhile, Afonso, Duke of Bragança, also dies. His land is split between his sons Fernando and Afonso, with the former receiving the counties of Arraiolos and Ourém, and Afonso receiving the rest of the territory. Meanwhile, Isabel de Coimbra gives birth to another son, who is called Duarte. Negotiations with Burgundy continue.
  • Muscovy continues its war on Rostov. Meanwhile, the Tsar announces a road to be built, stretching throughout the entire Tsardom. Poland-Lithuania is asked about the buying of territory that will give Muscovy a port (RNG?). The first Printing press design reaches Muscovy. It is put in place in the capital, and with great fanfare prints the first series of books - Bibles (Eastern Orthodox).
    • We don't use RNGs to determine sales of land. Lithuania isn't going to sell a third of their territory and give up their only seacoast.
    • I'm not asking for the whole thing, just sliver of land.
    • Lithuania rejects your proposal and wishes to hear no more nonsense.
  • Aq Qoyunlu continues to train its officers in the art of warfare. Aq Qoyunlu may finally be considered a federation as supposed to a confederation. Circassia has been made of the territories consisting of all Caucasian Mountains and North thereof.
  • Switzerland threatens Savoy, asking them to become a vassal of Switzerland, under pain of invasion. (Someone do an RNG please)
    • You do not need an RNG.
    • Savoy is too large for Switzerland to vassalize, they are as big as you are.
  • The Manchurians resume expanding their country northward, and the infrastructure project is still ongoing. The Manchurians continue to expand their territory on Huatai Island. Taoism continues to spread through Manchuria, as does Buddhism. The Manchurians, intent on getting a port on the Yellow Sea, offer to purchase the Chinese territory east of their western border. The Manchurians promise that they will aid China in any future war with the Neo-Oirats, and any Chinese trade bound for Korea will remain unharmed.
  • Oman expands 3000 sq km inland across the Omani border (a thin line of expansion inland please). Oman expands into Socotra by 1000 sq km as more of the natives in Socotra decide to assimilate into Oman. Oman sends more troops to help Adal fight the Ethiopians too. Oman's merchant fleet continues to grow a lot as trade in the Persian Gulf, Red Sea, East Indies and Indian Ocean continues to boom, especially along the eastern coast of Africa now that new trading nations like the Zulu have been discovered. Oman also sends more troops to help the Mamluks too. Tensions begin to grow with Aq Qoyunlu over fishing rights in the Persian Gulf and Arabian Sea.
  • The Zulu Kingdom expands in all directions, and the military sweeps in and begins its usual process of removing hostile nations and leaving other tribe alone. The Zulu Expedition lands on the southern tip of Madagascar, and establishes a small military outpost manned by seventy men. The Zulu King expects to send their families next turn to help occupy the southern portion of the island. The Kingdom continues to flourish with trade with the Omani merchants.
  • Bavaria: The King of Bavaria and Wurttemberg, Andreas Kribt the Fierce, dies early in the wee hours of the morning, his son Prince Andreas ascends the throne at age 15. King Andreas II orders a national week of mourning and begins construction of a large monument in his father's honor. The funeral will be held in the Munchen Cathedral. The Emperor of the HRE is asked to attend. King Andreas II continues his father's legacy by continuing the infrastructure growth throughout the nation. diplomats are sent east to meet Muscovy and Novograd for a possible trade deal. Florentine artist Fransico Al La Plata is commissioned to paint a Unification Fresco in the Royal Palace to honor the late King. The economy grows this year and the first "bank" in Germany is constructed following the Italian model.
    • Frederick III will attend.
  • Wurttemberg: Wurttemberg continues construction of Karolin. Diplomats are sent to Baden to establish trade and talks of an alliance. The Count also declares a week of mourning for Bavaria's late King. University of Stutgartt grows. Note, the map does not recogize all my expansions, I hope this will be rectified. Also Wurttemberg is a vassal of Bavaria. The Bavarian Unification took over five years and Wurttemberg's vassalization almost three.
  • Frederick III offers his condolences to Bavaria, stating that the late King was a noble and steadfast ally. Fortifications are built along the border with Hungary should any other war occur. Another son, Henry Frederick Hapsburg, is born. More Mongol refugees enter the Frontier territory, and more soldiers are sent to monitor them. Salzburg is vassalised after is shown a map of its surrounding and the profits of signing the treaty. A few banks are built in Vienna, but most people are disdainful of them, and they have yet to prosper. Some funds are sent to further along the capital city.
  • Venice continues its artistic and cultural development and agrees to an alliance with England. Relations improve with Aquelia with the Venetians allowed to pass through free of taxes. Venice strengthens their hold on Mantua, Modena and Ferrara with the four states working together on issues such as defense. The Venetian navy is buffed further and a request is sent to Milan to purchase the Genoan overseas territories.
  • Milan: The infrastructure of the country, the roads, the universities and the arts are favored by the Duke. The control over Genoa is now giving profits to the Duchy. The Duke is worried about the influence of the Venetians over Mantua and Modena, because our friendship with the Gonzagas (Mantua) can be weakened and Modena is too close to our land, so we try to expand our own influence over the borders and politics. We accept to sell Kaffa to Venice and Austria, the other islands not yet.
  • Papal States: Pope Pius II is pleased with the efforts in both Alfons and St. Peter, as a better relationship between the three grow year by year. He realizes they now have access through St. Peter to the Adriatic Sea, and plan to build ports in order to increase the amount of ships the nation has and have a better economy through trade. In order to fully incorporate St. Peter, the Pope sends dozens of religious leaders to visit Dukes, bless many of them, and offer to build more cathedrals in order to gain their support to avoid any armed conflict in the future. As well, the Pope offers Florence an alliance (with the trade agreement already in place) in order to stabilize the relationships in the Italian peninsula. And having not heard from them, the Pope again sends Portugal an alliance proposal.
  • France continues reconstruction of the country. They declare the annexation of several client states of Verdomme and Sancerre. The House of Bourbon as well as the House of Olreans become major conerns, as the King, his advisors, and highly-trained assassins plot a conspiracy to get ride of these two houses to solidify France's dominance over the countryside. The King is pleased to have seen the rise of the economy since the Hundred Years' War. The expedition that returns home from the Cape Verde islands pursuade the King to colonize the islands for future expeditions. Meanwhile, France's merchant fleet spreads across the Mediterranean and manages to create rising wealth for the country. The King orders a massive road system to be built to increase trade.
  • Serbia: Work continues on the castle and the state cathedral. The Royal Serbian Army begins to grow, as the country looks toward Montenegro in the future, to end Serbia's landlocked blues.
  • Vijayanagar begins to expand its influence into still Hindu areas in the south. A diplomat visits the court of Gajapati (the country bordering Vijaynajar in the north east) and tells their King that in the times of Muslim invasion, it would be best for the country to have protection from the Vijaynagar Empire. After his best efforts, the King of Gajapati finally agrees, and this brings the country under the "protection" of Vijaynagar (thus making at a powerful vassal). This marks the beginning of Hindu revival in the south and seems that it will not die down. The country also expands 5000 km into the civil disarray of states to the north, taking them over swiftly with their army and helping to increase the influence of the country. Support to Mahapajit continues. Many strides are made into the field of archery and orders are sent to train the current generation of males in archery. Meanwhile, many new versions of cannons are finally built and these begin to be distributed to the army. It is secretly ordered that all cannon sizes should be made the same (specs are classified) so that the time wasted in finding cannon balls in battle will be cut down. The ship schematics received a few years ago have bourne fruit as many ships are launched, including warships. Trade, thus, increases and a new wave of explorers take to the sea. The huge buildup of troops continues. More alliances, especially with China, are sought after.
  • Siamese forces begin an occupation of the Cambodian Kingdom until a peace can be decided on but most forces are sent home. The King finally decides to expand south as more troops are dispatched to push into the Malay Peninsula pushing into the grey area. Trade incrades as does internal business. The naval construction continues.
    • Siam is offered an alliance to help both nations protect themselves from the Muslims which threaten both our peoples.
    • The Siamese will accept the alliance but only for support as the Siamese hope to improve relations with the Muslims and hopefully coexist with them.
  • Chichen Itza takes the remaining coastal regions of the Mayan territory early in the year. The first six months are spent upgrading military technology, mostly the Army. Then, in high summer, the central cities are taken. Almost all Mayan territory is under the control of Chichen Itza, save for some distant city-states bordering the Zapotec territory. With power consolidated under his rule, the Emperor feels he will be ready to begin expanding by next year.
  • China: China continues to expand its military, especially due to reports of neo-Oirats causing a problem elsewhere.
  • Georgia spends this year upgrading and expanding the army creating light cavalry units for the less mountainous parts of Georgia. The navy is also improved. Many Trebizondians begin to learn Georgian over Greek as it has become the language of commerce and diplomacy in their nation.
  • Australian Aborigines: The Anangu grow even more powerful and attack several of the other tribes in southern Australia. The war with the Nuunga continues, and Allunga continues to grow. He does not remember anything of his birth parents at this point.
  • Brandenburg continues to build up its army and navy. Meanwhile Karl I commissions the Great Gates, a series of seventeen gates encircling Berlin which will be the only ways in and out of Berlin. Meanwhile Brandenburg offers its condolences to Bavaria. The youngest son of Karl I dies of typhoid fever while the family is on vacation in Venice. Meanwhile it supports the Aragonese war with Bearn. NOVGOROD IS OFFERED AN ALLIANCE!!!! Also, it asks to buy the Danish exclave north of Pomerania! (I think MoS is gone, so can I get an RNG? I've been going after this since 1456.)
  • Aragon declares war on Bearn, with support from the HRE (as was promised). As such, it also wants England's aid since Aragon and England are allied. Aragon continues to build up its navy. William, heir to the Aragonese throne, is offered to any female heiress of any country, so long as it is a Catholic country.
  • Luxembourg begins to rebuild from the war and is forced to aid Aragon. It also is forced to concede parts of its land to Burgundy to connect the two parts of Burgundy.
    • ​It can't connect the two halves.... just look at the map.
  • Pomerania begins paying its reparations to Brandenburg for all the wars in the past. Meanwhile Brandenburg conducts a referendum in Pomerania and Pomerania votes to join Brandenburg when the Duke dies.
  • Scotland continues to improve its military for mysterious purposes. King James II lives on, and continues consolidating his power. His young son John is healthy. Scottish culture continues to flourish, as the first elements of the Renaissance begin to slowly drift northward to them.
  • England asks again for a mutual protection and technological trade alliance with BURGUNDY. The King also asks NOVGOROD for a commercial alliance. Thomas Alcock returns from Africa and has plans for a new trip the next year. With some recomendations of Alcock and studying the fleets of Venice, Burgundy and Portugal, the English engeneers start modifying the naval technology. To sum up more money into the royal treasury, the King starts investigations against all those nobles and burgeoise suspected of supporting, dealing or having good relationships with the Irish natives, the Welsh rebels or the French and Scottish during the last war, and against those who speak or have spoken against the Holy Roman Emperor or in favour of Albert VI, the Bavarian anti-unificationists, the former rulers of Luxembourg and other enemies of the Crown. The land of Ulster and Kildare pass from being private domains of the lord to be under royal rule, and those of Desmond are appropriated in half for the Crown and the other half passes to be a fee in the English domains, ruled by pro-royal nobles. Richard III dies in 30 December. His son Edward, 18 years of age, becomes Edward IV, King of England and Lord of Ireland; Edmund, Earl of Rutland, 17 years of age, becomes Edmund III, Prince of Calais and asks to marry Maria of Bavaria by the next year, travelling to Karolin for that purpose; George, Duke of Clarence, 11 years of age, becomes Prince of York and heir to both crowns until Edward marries Joana and has a son and Edmund marries Maria.
    • The King accepts and begins preparations for an extravagant wedding.
  • D'Asti: The army is built up, but obviously the Sforza using marriage, bribing and using politics have total control over the small army. The use of mercenaries is low down.
  • Genoa: The Doge under Milanese influence sides with the Papal States against the Hafsids. Ships and troops are send to support the Pope's army, obviously the Genoans want to make profit from this conflict, so hope to establish a colony in Hafsids territory.
    • (Note that the Papal-Hafsid War ended a few turns ago, and the new Mamluk-Hafsid war hasn't really been fleshed out that much).
    • Papal Diplomacy: Though the war has ended, the Papal States will offer assistance if they themselves wish to establish a colonial possession in Hafsid, and request that if the war is won, they may expand the Papal's current possession.
  • Bahmani Sultanate Soldiers, armed with arquebuses, land on Koli's shore. They march inland and attempt to subjugate the country, while secretly bribing high-placed individuals to destabilise the resistance. (Could somebody do the algorithm for me? Thanks.) Irrigation is improved to help with farming and more farms are built to feed a growing number of people. Tax incentives are offered to women who produce many children. The Sultanate expands 1500 sq km north and east and the border is heavily fortified. Men are sent to Khandesh and other opposing countries to make the civilians uncertain whose side they should be on in case of a war. The military is increased.
  • Tibet: The military is made official. Lhasa is made the capital, though the government is not yet in power as there are elections in the monasteries being held, which will determine the Premier. Himalayan charting missions continue, and new roads are built south of Shigatse.


The Chatagai win an amazing victory against the Kazakhs, killing the Kazakh Khan. The Khan's son, Mamash, desperately calls upon the Neo-Oirat Godeng Khan for aid. Godeng Khan surprisingly responds, and their forces unite against the Chatagai.

The Swahili city-state of Zanzibar begins a massive campaign of expansion. They officially rename their country the Sultanate of Zanzibar, and make plans to become the shining jewel of Islamic civilization in eastern Africa. The current Sultan plans to make his country the most powerful country in the region.

  • Portugal continues preparing its military. Meanwhile, the first colonization efforts are undertaken on the recently-discovered islands, which are named "Ilhas do Cabo Verde" for being next to a peninsula named "Cabo Verde". Other islands next to the others which were already discovered are also discovered. A city is founded in the island of São Tiago, and named Ribeira Grande.
  • Ashikaga Shogunate continues to build up their military and also expands more into 北海道 (Hokkaidō) and Ainu still continues to be fought against; 千島列島 (Chishima Islands) also is expanded a little bit, and Ainu are fought against there still as well. Jūzō Ayase continues story: the young warrior and the Miko continue fighting the Oni and soon the two female Satoris with their pet Kasha appear and help out.
  • Swiss Confederacy: continues vassalization processes in Savoy, hoping to fully vassalize the nation by 1464. Upgrades and expands its military.
    • You do realize Savoy is more powerful than the Swiss Confederacy right?
    • Did you even read what I posted last turn? Savoy has a greater population and a greater area than the Swiss, and a seaport, you can't possibly vassalize them.
    • But surely I have enough cash to bribe my puppet into power?
    • Savoy is most likely wealthier than Switzerland as well. You cannot vassalize nations larger than your own, if it is more than half the size of your nation it is too large.
  • China continues to expand its military. Roads throughout the Oirat Provinces are built.
  • Bahmani Sultanate Soldiers continue attacking Koli. The Sultan of Berar is given an offer of full integration into the Sultanate, in return for which the country will be fortified, developed and fully supplied, and be repaired from the damage of the Mongol conquest. The Sultan will remain equally powerful in the ruling of the country, and also be a powerful advisor and counsellor in the ruling of the entire country. The offer of integration is restated to Gondwana. (RNGs please?) The Sultanate offers trade agreements and military allegiance to its Muslim brothers, the Mamluk Sultanate and Ak Qoyunlu. The military is increased and the north and east borders are expanded 3000 sq km, as well as fortifying the new farther-out borders to create onion-like rows of defenses. The southern border is also heavily fortified. Secret troublemakers are sent to Khandesh and other enemies to spread propaganda to soldiers and civilians as well as bribing generals to cause trouble in the event of conflict, as well as to spread Islam and showcase the wealth of the Sultanate.
  • The Lakota: Akecheta increases the Military size by recruiting more men of age into the military. Akecheta orders more Lakota settlers to help expand their people west and will be greatly rewarded if doing so.
  • France realizes that Portugal too, has settled the Cape Verde Islands. To prevent conflict, it asks Portugal to divide the islands between them west and east. France will have the west and Portugal can have the east. The government gathers the Bourbon family for a very important meeting. However, it is actually a secret plot to get rid of them. While waiting in a room in an isolated area, the room explodes, killing all members of the Bourbon family. Meanwhile, the government declares the annexation of several of its French associative states. The economy continues to recover as France continues to be more and more self-sufficient in food. Also, it begins to export its famous wine throughout Western Europe. France's trade reaches out to numerous Western countries as the economy rises.
  • How can you kill every Boubron globally? That's impossible and implausible.'
  • Not really. It was done to the Mamluks by the Ottomans.
    • Portugal thinks that a north-south division, with Portugal getting the south, is fairer than the current offer.
  • Kingdom of Epirus: Epirus, ignoring Ak Qoyunlu's warning, continues to expand into Tunisia. Trade especially, is emphasized there, with several exports being shipped back to Epirus. King Leonardo I asks to be married to Milica of Serbia to strengthen the bonds between their people. A large portion of the Epirian military is moved to Tunisia to defend Epirus' holdings. The King's Pride, exploring the ocean off the coast of Northwest Africa runs into OTL Maio Island in Cape Verde. After encountering some Portuguese vessels, the King's Pride sails to Ribeira Grande, contacting the Portuguese. We ask Portugal if it's okay to dock the King's Pride in Riberia Grande for a year. Angelokastron, formerly a fortress, begins to have a town grow below the fortress/Acropolis where the government resides. Contrasting with the Byzantine-style fortress, the town resembles more of an Italian town, with a university being planned.
    • Portugal accepts the Epirese offer.
  • The Mamluks continue warring on Hafsid Tunisia. It thanks the Bahmani Sultanate and agrees to the trade agreement. Copts and Syriacs continue growing in numbers and moving to other places to get lands.
  • Chichen Itza sends an exploration party of three ships and 30 men to the new land. However, bad weather sinks two of the ships, leaving the third to turn back to the mainland. The people are discouraged, but the Emperor is not deterred. He plans to try again next year. The navy is again upgraded for the planned voyage. Chichen Itza has almost complete control over Mayan territory, and the Emperor begins consolidating his power.
  • Scotland continues its military update. The navy is expanded significantly this year, though artillery continues to be produced. King James II adds a title to himself, declaring himself "King of the Gaels". He begins a construction project to improve the capital at Scone, making the other cities in the nation jealous. The Gaelic culture continues to be promoted over the Germanic Inglis culture, but the numbers of Inglis speakers continues to grow.
  • Korea continues to amp up their military and fund the Explorers Corps. The Philippines continues to be settled.
  • Burgundy: Duke Philip hears about the southern islands called the Cabo Verde Islands and he sends some ships to explore them. Maio, Nicolau and Santa Luzia are claimed for the Emperor Frederick, while the rest of the now 140 ships continues scouting the Northern Atlantic, while this Ludwig statenhof circumnavigates Iceland, and Greenland is re-discovered. While no claims are done yet a small outpost is set (if possible, of course). While this small army is prepared for an occupation of Friesland if they don't accept becoming vassals of Burgundy. Seeing the need for commercial routes to India, the Duke sends three ships to map Western Africa. (The farthest I'm going to go is Equatorial Guinea). A non-aggression pact is asked of Scotland and England's alliance is accepted. The Duke now claims Burgundy as the Great Duchy of Burgundy.
    • Greenlandish colonies are not possible for any state at this time.
  • Florence begins constructing ships, hoping to spread goods to farther markets.
  • Bavaria: The new King is becoming a brilliant building planner, having modernised much of the nation's infrastructure. Maria and Prince Edmund's marriage is held in the Grand Imperial Cathedral in Karolin. Well-wishers and all major HRE diplomats attend the ceremonies that are rumoured to be the most elaborate in recent memory. Bavaria sends more artisans and financial aid to the construction of Karolin. The Chief Architect hopes to have the city serviceable to the Emperor by 1467 and hopefully finished a decade after. Rumours of a lost tomb of Fredrich DuBouse, last Great Templar of Bavaria, places it deep under the small town of Inglosgeld. The military is updated in accordance with the new King's "peace through strength" strategy. Diplomats and funding increase their efforts to vassalise Baden with hopes of merging it with Werttemberg. The Munchen Cathedral remains under construction, but is nearing its end. The Painting of St. Paul begins.
    • He is nine and a nobody.
    • He was also born in 1452
    • Hey thanks, I thought the turn was later than it really was. Sorry.
  • Wurttemberg: The Imperial Cathedral remains under construction, but is still beautiful enough to host the Royal Wedding. Baden continues to be bribed in hopes of joining the two nations together.
  • Ethiopia: The Ethiopian invasion of Adal continues, and with the recent introduction of firearms to the empire by the Portuguese, the Emperor sees a chance to go deeper into Adal. In the empire development of a centralized economic system begins, and plans to develop trade with the Europeans after seeing the power and might of the Portuguese visitors are also underway. The military is expanded, and plans to create a staff of commanders and nobles to oversee its expansion and modernization are drawn up.
  • Brandenburg continues to build up its army and military. Meanwhile, Wilhelm is offered to the daughter-heiress of any Catholic country. REPEAT: BRANDENBURG'S HEIR IS LOOKING FOR A ROYAL, CATHOLIC, HEIRESS WIFE. ANOTHER REPEAT: NOVGOROD IS OFFERED AN ALLIANCE. LAST REPEAT: BRANDENBURG WANTS TO BUY THE DANISH EXCLAVE NORTH OF POMERANIA.
    • French Response: We give you a wife.
    • Like who? And after killing the Bourbons, which I think is implausible, that's a no go. And besides, France has no female heirs. So no.
    • Milan: Ippolita Maria Sforza?
  • Aragon finishes up from its war with Bearn, completely annexing the country and adding it to the Crown. Meanwhile William is being offered to a royal Catholic heiress wife as said above. An Orthodox wife can be accepted if she is willing to convert.
    • Um no. The algorithm was not properly done and you can't just make people send military or any aid like that. What is worse is that in PMII, you are penalized for contributing to multiple wars and I don't think all the other HRE players would like an extra -2 in all their algorithms for the next 15 years. Also most nations do not have the ability to extend their military forces very far, only some can as they are naval based but most can not. So Brandenburg sending troops halfway across Europe is implausible as they would take at least a year to arrive and would have to go through hostile territory. Your navy ain't that advanced to transport an entire army yet.
    • Furthermore, how are you controlling Aragon? You have a royal marriage but that is not enough. They must be a vassal, in union or a former colony for you to control them.
    • They are in full personal union I believe, with the King of Aragon being the ruler of Brandenburg as well
    • French Response: Bearn is our ally and we are furious you attacked it. Step away or I will may you so.
    • @France: So? We have every right to attack it. Just declare war on us. @Mystery People: A: So building up a navy for ten years with support from Poland and Austria is not enough? And while I'm addressing you, that's part of the HRE treaty. All player states have to support another state in their war against ??? and so on so forth. B: I am taking care of Aragon for AP until he comes back. Or so he told me. Check my archives. C: Well the others are right, that doesn't count as yet.
  • Pomerania begins to merge its navy with Brandenburg's navy as was agreed upon in the vassalization treaty.
  • Luxembourg begins to give up members of Luxembourg's former royal family to England for investigation (is that what you're doing?) and also, it begins to bring some of them into the Hohenzollern family through marriage.
    • Edward IV decides to hold the trial against the Luxembourgs at Calais. Both Edward and Edmund establish a tribunal with a jury of nobles. They find most members of the family guilty of treason against the Emperor and the Empire, bad administration of lands and money of their own and of the Imperial freeholds and treasures and abuses of power. Most of their money and other possessions are expropriated. Edmund asks the Emperor permission to establish a new joint tribunal for crimes against the Empire (criminibus contra Imperium) and against the Church (contra Ecclesia) formed by all states of the Empire. It'd be a supreme court of appelations with power to judge in crimes of general interest in the Empire and decide on matters such as treason, heresy, etc ... (PROPOSAL IN HRE's TALK PAGE). He asks the power to expropriate the Duchy of Luxembourg: half to be integrated into Calais, half to be integrated into Brandenburg.
  • The Manchurians resume expanding their country northward, and the infrastructure project is still ongoing. The Manchurians continue to expand their territory on Huatai Island.
  • Frederick III condemns the explosion in France, stating that the event is suspicious. He also commends Burgundy's colonization efforts, and grants them the position of Grand Duchy.
  • Tyrolian troops march into the state to the next of it, putting down any civil disorder in that area.
    • It's called Grisons and its main nationality is Swiss.
  • Salzburg begins to modernize its militia with arquebuses and small cannon.
  • Venice continues public building works with projects started in Verona and Treviso. The Acropolis in Greece is repaired and numerous historic Greek monuments are restored. The Venetian arsenal shipwrights begin to discuss with naval engineers the possibility of creating fast sailing ships to sail long distances without resupplying. This would allow Venetian ships to get past Ghana.
  • The Zulu Outpost in Madagascar is expanded into a small colony after the families of the seventy soldiers arrive. The Zulu King hopes to bring the southern portion of the island under Zulu control by 1470, and the northern portion by 1490 or 1500. A Zulu expedition is sent northward along the eastern coast of Africa to discover other city-states. Trade with the Omans continue, and new ideas and new countries reach the ears and eyes of the Zulu population.
  • Saxony: The Coburg Cathedral is finished, and mass is held in it for the first time on Easter Sunday. The Elector travels to Anhalt to visit his second son, the soon-to-be Prince of Anhalt. The Elector appoints a new Chief Constable of the Army, who organises all the new cannons and their crews into a "cannoniere" brigade.
  • Sorry I haven't posted much. I've been rather busy. Poland works on its land forces as well as building up a navy. Poland asks to formalize alliances with Brandenburg and Novgorod taking care to ignore the Muscovites who insulted the Lithuanians. Poland works on its naval technology and asks Venice to supply some blueprints to help the Poles establish a navy.
  • Tibet: The government, including the Premier, is elected. Lhasa is in celebration. Major monasteries are expanded. Most of the Himalaya missionaries return to Lhasa, for new orders to be given by the government.
  • Siam: The expansion south continues as the Siamese military brushes away the relatively little resistance of the Malay but they make sure to avoid getting into war with the Malacca Sultanate out of fear of not being ready yet. The Centralization of the Kingdom continues as they expand the bureaucracy to the rest of the Kingdom. The unification of the two Kingdoms continues as Thai speakers enter the other.
  • Majapahit, which has been de jure (but not de facto) at war with Brunei makes peace in exchange for a very small territory in Brunei. Areas of the Western coasts of Sumatra are colonized and become Majapahit's 1000 island vassals.
    • Siamese Diplomacy: The Siamese King requests that Majapahit not colonize Sumatra until after a deal has been established between the two nations.
  • Oman expands 3000 sq km inland across the Omani border (a thin line of expansion inland, please). Oman finishes building its naval bases and ports on Socotra and the near-by islands, and Omani naval trade becomes even more successful as Socotra has several large cosmopolitan port cities spring up, the largest and the capital of Oman's Socotra colony is the city of Qalansiyah, but other large port cities like Ras irisseyl, Hadibo, Bidholeh, Port Samha and Port Khalif on Abd al Kuri (map of Socotra for reference). Oman sends more troops to help Adal fight the Ethiopians, too. Omani sailors start to map the coastline of Madagascar as well as trading with some of the tribes people living on the island. Ahmad ibn Mājid leads the mission to map Madagascar, and on the way back to Oman they also decide to map out the Comoros islands. Oman also sends more troops to help the Mamluks, too. Tensions begin to grow with Aq Qoyunlu over fishing rights in the Persian Gulf and Arabian Sea, as well as competition in maritime trade too. Oman trades more in the East Indies, Oman establishes a trading pact and alliance with the Sultanate of Malacca too.
  • Georgia: launches another wave of expansion into Mongol territory hoping to have a port on the Caspian Sea within the decade. Orthodox priests continue to spread the good news among the people in the east. Some forward-thinking Jewish Rabbis even begin to proselytize to the pagans and Muslims in the new lands. This is allowed but looked upon warily by the Orthodox royal family.
  • In England, Edward IV send Alcock in a new expedition this time to north Senegal, where he establishes an outpost in Cape-Vert Peninsula. Alcock also extends his journy more to the south, but he turns back without establishing any new outpost. Edward IV decides to impose taxes on the Irish lords, which he uses to bring cannons from Germany and Italy, making the navy even stronger, with new offensive technologies, but also with more resisten materials, brought from Southern Europe. Edward attends his brother's wedding at Karolin, though he must promptly return to London to attend business.
  • Calais' Prince Edmund returns home with his new wife, Maria of Bavaria, and immediately he makes her face be minted in coins around the Principality. Edmund calls for a parliament, in the English style, though it has five representatives of the Emperor, four of England, three of Bavaria, two of Brandenburg and Burgundy (two representatives each), and one representing the Reichstag (all other states). The parliament fixes economical and heraldical policies, specially taxes, coinage and traffic laws.
  • Papal States: Naval efforts between Alfons and the States improve greatly. Pius II continues his to boost the economy and help repay those countries who have helped in the invasion, if they wish to be. As well, the largest Church in Alfons thus far, the Church of Saint Joan (named after Joan of Arc for her posthumous retrial) has its first Mass, and sees the conversion (rite) of at least one hundred more Muslim adults and children. Meanwhile, many priests and deacons are sent throughout Roman Catholic nations of Europe to spread the word of God and promote peace within the continent. Once again, Portugal is offered an alliance.
    • 'Portugal replies, and asks the purpose of the alliance.
    • Papal Diplomacy: The Pope states the alliance would re-establish the relationship the Papal States and Portugal once had but had slowly worn away, and may also benefit the two in terms of economy through trade.
    • Portugal accepts.
  • The Novgorodians Agree to a trade alliance with the Scots. The Novgorodian Veche passes legislature that the State is to sponsor a professional, permanent military force (mostly of arquebusiers and artillery ... since they are damn expensive). The First Gunsmith in Novgorod opens his doors, and the Posadnik promises to eventually replace foreign firearms with locally-made ones. The Novgorod Trade guild is officially inducted into the old Baltic and now Novgorodian-Baltic Quarter of the Hanseanic league, even though the Novgorodian traders held control of the league since the attempts by Venice to break it apart. Novgorodian traders establish guilds in Pskov and induct them into the Hanseatic League officially. The Scottish capital is made a Kontor (trading partner) of the league. The Military prepares for the inevitable invasion of Pskov and the Khanates.
  • Milan: Francesco I Sforza convinces Ludovico II Gonzaga to marry Galeazzo Sforza and Dorotea Gonzaga in five years (1466), with this and many lesser marriages the Milanese influence over Mantua grows up. Milan as a city expands and develop, more artist come to the city than before thanks to the Duke's policies. More roads, farms and houses are built. 200 poor Milanese move to D'Asti, 400 more to Genoa, as workers to the Milanese puppets/allies. Some condottieros are executed by Sforza to prevent particulars to have their own army. Condolences to Bavaria.
  • Genoa: The Milanese immigrants start working in the docks. The Doge start using condottieros (mercenaries) to fight his enemies. Ships are give to the Milanese army. Fearing the other naval powers the Genoan engineers start to improve our ships. Most of the money earn from Venice finish in the Milanese palaces.
  • D'Asti: The army is built up and expanded. The small "royal" house is now totaly under Sforza's control, anyone against Milan is executed or prosecuted. The Milanese immigrants are spread around the biggest towns.
  • Aq Qoyunlu continues to train its officers in the art of tactics. Also, Aq Qouyunlu has claimes a few islands in the Persian coast that have typically been controlled by Omani Merchanants.
  • Circassia expans 1000 km2 into Golden Horde Territory.


Zanzibar continues to expand its territory through East Africa. A coup launched by Zanzibar replaces the government of the nearby city-state of Mombasa with Zanzibari sympathizers. The Mombasans are vassalized by Zanzibar.

A massive peasants revolt occurs in Pomerania, with the peasant army burning the capital and killing many people. There is evidence to suggest that the revolt was orchastrated by one of Brandenburg's enemies, and that the leadership of the "peasant army" are in fact mercenaries hired by a rogue member of the former Luxembourgish royal family. Already there is rumors of a schism winthin the rebel ranks, as there is a growing faction of people opposed to the corrupt ladership.

  • Why? The old Pomeranian government was brutal and cruel. The current Brandenburgish government is lenient and tolerant.

The Kazakhs and Neo-Oirats manage to defeat the Chatagai, killing the last Chatagai Khan. The two Khans, Mamash and Godeng, then declare that they will unite their Khanates into one, and rule as dual Khans. They have their oldest son and daughter marry in order to merge the houses when they pass on.

  • Ashikaga Shogunate continues to build up their military and also expands more into 北海道 (Hokkaidō) and Ainu still continues to be fought against. Jūzō Ayase continues story: the young warrior and the Miko with help from the two female Satoris and their pet Kasha manage to fight off the Oni invasion faster and save their lands again.
  • Portugal continues preparing its army. The city of Ribeira Grande grows, and the colony on Cabo Verde is expanded, particularly on the surroundings of Ribeira Grande. Meanwhile, Diogo Gomes continues to explore the coast of Africa. Portugal asks Castille if they have any living daughter of their former King that can be married to the Prince of Portugal, Afonso.
  • France is reluctantly forced to declare war on Aragon to protect Bearn from Aragonese forces, which they suspect might also weaken France if Aragon continues to conquer its associative states. They ask Castille for help, and in exchange can have all Aragonese lands on the peninsula. The destruction of the Bourbons allows the government to establish full control of the province they rule. They accept the Portuguese offer and move all settlers to the southern islands. They send their army to Bearn to protect it from invasion, but unaware, they will annex it once the war is over.
    • The war is over.
    • Switzerland builds up military power. A large proportion of Swiss troops are armed with arquebuses (10%)
    • Actually, the offer was Portugal getting the south, and France, the north, not the opposite.
    • Are you talking about Cabo Verde? If so, can I keep a small island? After all, I claim some of them as Burgundy. Sine dei gloriem (talk) 22:39, September 16, 2012 (UTC)
  • Aq Qoyunlu continues to train its officers. Meanwhile, due to the island conflict in the Persian gulf, Aq Qoyunlu has broken its alliance with Oman. Also, in a threat-purchase, Kara Qoyunlu sells the southern fourth of their nation to Aq Qoyunlu. Minor border warfare continues, and becomes greater as the Kara Qoyunlu are feeling the influences of the Aq Qoyunlu. However, many troops still stationed in the south fourth of the nation have been massacred, leaving the Qoyunlus with the most dire situation ever.
  • Circassia expands another 1000 km2 into Golden Horde territory, along the Georgian Border (thin please).
  • China continues to expand its military. Work on gunpowder weapons yields more effective cannons.
  • Kingdom of Epirus: We ask Serbia to enter a dynastic union with us, and ask Serbia if King Leonardo I may wed Milica of Serbia. Meanwhile, the King's Pride thanks Portugal, and heads north. They run into the Canary Islands, and set up a trading post on OTL Gran Canaria. Several new exploration ships are not built in the old clinker style, but caravel style, with carracks and caravels being built, instead of cogs.
  • Bahmani Sultanate offers terms of surrender in good faith to the Koli government. The leaders will be placed in comfortable house arrest in the capital, and otherwise nobody else will be affected. Otherwise the cities will be sacked and no promises can be made to the ruler or civilians. All known brutalities to civilians by Bahmani soldiers are punished in the meantime. The process of full, peaceful absorption begins in Berar and troublemaking in northern enemy territories is quelled. Fishing is developed in newly-controlled waters and farming is improved. The borders north and east are expanded 3000 sq km leaving creating another onion-like ring of fortification within the border. Allegiance is offered to Gujarat. The military is developed. Arquebuses are produced on a larger scale with approx. 5% of inland soldiers in the rings of fortification possessing them. The southern border is strengthened. Power is consolidated in Sinhalese Kingdoms and Small Jaffna is vassalised and fortified.
    • ​Too much happening in your turn and arquebuses have not reached India yet.
  • The Manchurians resume expanding their country northward, and the infrastructure project is still ongoing. The Manchurians continue to expand their territory on Huatai Island.
  • Burgundy: With no response from Friesland the occupation army of 3000 men marches into Frisian terrains, and Friesland is again asked to either become vassals or face conflicts. While this occurs near the terrains of Burgundy, a small fleet of 20 ships sail to Crimea where the Duke plans to set a small vassal state (currently where the Crimean Khanate is and I suppose this would mean war, right?) 80 ships remain guarding the continental shores of Burgundy and the other 40 ships continue scouting the Northern Atlantic, and after they travel around Western Africa they discover OTL Corisco and Elobey - here called Nova Ameland and Nova Bruges - while the small islands in front of the Empire of Mali are claimed as well for the Emperor Frederick III. Populators are sent and the exploration of Greenland's shore continues - though only map charts for the purpose of commerce with the locals. A trade alliance is asked of the Empire of Mali. An alliance is asked with Epirus and the small colony in front of the Canary Islands is expanded 50 km2.
    • Epirus: We accept. We should divide the Canary Islands amongst ourselves, in order to prevent conflict.
    • Frederick III suggests joint cooperation in the Crimea.
    • Duke Philip III agrees in the cooperation for Crimea's vassalization.
    • Also, the Canary Islands were already divided between Portugal and Burgundy.
    • Epirus is in no condidition to have any colonies on the Canary Islands
  • The Mamluks continue to now openly war against the Tunisians, while still sending out messages to other nations seeking for help. The Mamluk Empire treats the Libyan cities better off since they expect at least that to be gained from the war. While in the inside, Tunisian cities are ravaged more harshly. In the Hijaz, somebody appears claiming descent from the Hashemite clan and from Fatimah, Muhammad's son. He does not yet claim the throne of the Empire, but he grows in prominence in the East. Copts and Syriacs, as in previous years, continue to grow and spread, with a large part of Western Syria now hugely Syriac.
  • The Lakota: The Lakota continue to increase militarily and explore land outside their nation. Birthrates continue to rise.
  • Papal States: The Pope officially withdraws any men that were to be sent to take place in the Mamluk’s war and declare themselves neutral, though the Cape of Alfons opens its borders and churches to aid any refugees that are forced out of their homes. Meanwhile in Europe, the Pope continues sending priests around the continent, having some go in particular to the League of Lezhë in order to continue encouraging their waning Roman Catholic faith, and offer a trade agreement. Many continue to tour through St. Peter in order to influence the Patrimony's Dukes and their trust.
    • League of Lezhe: We accept, so long as the faith does not cause conflict with the Orthodox faith in the region.
  • Georgia expansion to the north and east intensifies. Trebizond officially becomes a client state of Georgia while still remaining somewhat autonomous. Georgian regiments are sent to help garrison Trebizond's borders from nomads and bandits.
  • Frederick III celebrates the reconstruction of the Parthenon, and declares it a national treasure. More plans and funds to the capital city are sent, including plans for the Imperial Palace, Conclave building, the Imperial Museum, the Imperial University, and a hospital. More Mongolian refugees enter the frontier territory.
    • Brandenburg asks for help in putting down the rebels who do not see the benefits they are gaining from their new governments.
  • Tyrolia continues to fix the countryside and the militia forges a few more cannon.
  • Salzburg sends some troops to help quell the peasant rebellion.
  • Brandenburg sends some troops into Pomerania to quell the violence and asks Austria for a little help. Meanwhile, three of the Great Gates are finished. Meanwhile, a new form of Catholicism, which combines Catholicism and Orthodoxism, appears. (I am not trying to create Protestantism, I am just creating a new group which merges the two denominations, based on the marriage of the Emperor and whoever it was.)
    • ​Heresy is not tolerated. The Pope may deal with you...
  • Saxony: The new Chief Constable of the army begins a series of reforms to completely reorganise the army. He divides the infantry into "divisions" and "platoons" and other parts. The old nobility and knights scoff at his ridiculous schemes, but the Elector sees sense in having a highly-organised army. Ernest's (second son of the elector and heir to Anhalt) wife is announced to be pregnant.
  • Serbia: Realizing that a union with another country is necessary to continue our existance, we accept Epirus' offer of a dynastic union between the two Kingdoms. We believe that both our countries will prosper, since Eprirus has access to the sea, something the Serbians have long missed.
  • Tibet: The focus is mostly on improving Lhasa's infrastructure and the military, with the newfound government holding many debates in the city, though Shigatse is not ignored. Some diplomats, with military as backup, are sent to the west border to expand the nation.
  • Venice continues to work on its fortifications and army while the navy puts more ships to sea. Design work on a new model of ship is progressing smoothly as the designers start to perfect their work. Public works continue throughout the Venetian Republic and its associate states allowing Venice to claim the title "Heart of the Renaissance" away from Florence. Venice signs a mutual assistance treaty with Manuta, Modena, Ferrara and Lacques with exclusive trade rights for Venetian merchants in return for a greater return in their profits. Venice seeks to purchase the Crimea for 500 ducats.
  • Milan: The army continues build up, more and more weapons are bring to the soldiers, arquebuses and cannons are now part of the army. The relationship between Mantua, Modena and Milan grows up with new trade routes. Some ships are built, strengthening the small Milanese navy.
  • Oman expands 3000 sq km inland across the Omani border (a thin line of expansion inland, please). Sultan Omar ibn al Khattab is furious with Aq Qoyunlu breaking the alliance, and the Sultan sees this as Aq Qoyunlu not wanting to solve these problems diplomatically. Fearing war, Sultan Omar ibn al Khattab orders troops to stop being sent to help Adal and the Mamluks, the military aid which has already been sent will remain but Oman needs to retain the rest of its military for this possible conflict. The Omani merchants who usually controlled these islands are even more furious and they begin forming a large mercenary army as many ships full of African and Indian mercenaries arrive in Oman and stationed in the rest of the Omani controlled islands. Some of these merchants also import the new arquebuses and cannons to make the Omani defences even more formidable. As the Sultan, military and the merchants get ready for war the Omani Imamate calls for calm and for diplomatic talks to be restarted.
  • Alaiye: Alaiye begins a massive military buildup as well of war industries and the construction of roads across the country. A road from the capitol to Constantinople is begun as well. The Alaiye Army is then installed with several Ottoman Generals to keep the Army loyal to the Ottoman Empire.
  • Ottoman Empire: Alaiye and Wallachia are given permission to build up its military as long as it remains under Ottoman control although the Alaiye and Wallachain governments can control it while performing in their territories. The Ottomans continue to build roads, schools, war industries, and also begin to exert control over the economy by telling certain farmers what they can and can't farm in certain regions of the country. This is used to ensure that there is a stable supply of food and enough in case of a drought or crop failure. The Empire also begins to feel the pull of ancient Greek democracy, and some groups begin to petition the Emperor to make at least some limited democracy happen. The Emperor promises to consider the request, and will announce his decision next year.
    • Umm, guys? Limited Democracy? Pull of Ancient Greeks? The Ottomans - as in the Turks - hated Greece. And, Democracy didn't arrive in its modern form for another 300 years. Even in a limited form.
    • Maybe his current Emperor is just eccentric or becoming senile or something.
    • Right but I mean... That's the whole thing about being over-liberal, in the rules.
    • As long as he has the Emperor reject it, implement some sort of fake democracy (like a senate with no power), an extremely limited democracy (only powerful nobles and the highest clerics can vote) or has it be a brief phase (the Emperor implements democratic society, it fails because the Ottomans are in no way ready, he is overthrown and a new authoritarian Emperor rises), it should be fine.
  • Wallachia: Wallachia begins a massive military buildup as well of war industries and the consGtruction of roads across the country. A road from the capitol to Constantinople is begun as well. The Wallachian Army is then installed with several Ottoman Generals to keep the Army loyal to the Ottoman Empire.
  • Zulu: The Zulu Kingdom expands northward, adding 1000 sq mi northward along the coast. In Madagascar, the Zulu Outpost's garrison expands their settlement of the southern portion of the island. The Zulu Army moves in, and begins to remove hostile natives from the new Zulu territory.
  • Muscovy, following its victory over Rostov, immediately begins bribing senior officials in Yaroslavl, Rostov and Tver, as well as moving troops into Rostov to 'stabilize' it, when they are in fact doing the opposite. Meanwhile, the pacts with Novogorod are strengthened.
  • Scotland continues to improve its military, building many new ships and cannons. The promotion of Gaelic culture continues, despite the growing population of Inglis in the south of the country.
  • Ethiopia: The Ethiopian army backed with gunpowder weapons makes another offensive in Adal territory, take 500 sq km of land. In Eritrea, the Ethiopians colonize some 750 sq km land, and seek to establish a second port on the coast. The Emperor has announced plans to begin developing the system of trade in the empire, and expand the culture of the empire to the tribal lands, teaching them civilization, and the way of God.
  • Bavaria: The King continues the military update and condemns any heresy against the church. The King calls any subversive group "charlatans and thieves" and will not be tolerated in his hall. The infrastructure of the cities and towns continue. Money is sent to the Karolin project. The Munchen Cathedral nears 87% completion. Invites are sent out to the Pope, Emperor of the Holy Roman Empire, and leading dignetaries in good standing with His Majesty. The KIng entertains a notion brought to him by the King of England, about a HRE Supreme Court to voice all concerns and to try nations for infringing on liberty, attacking an ally, etc.etc. He asks the Emperor to consider and support this new legislation.
  • Baden-Wurttemberg: Wurttemberg finally gains Baden as a vassal and is immediately annexed into Wurttemberg creating the State of Baden-Wurttemberg through the use of bribes, arranged marriages and shrewd diplomacy. Karolin continues to be built with the vast amounts of money and workers from all over the Empire and abroad. University of Stuttgart continues to grow.
  • 'Chichen Itza expands the Army and Navy. The Emperor reaches out to the Zapotec city states, wishing to sign a non-aggression pact, so that their border does not cause war between the two powers <'RNG Please>. The Emperor believes the world is big enough for both of them, and expansion into unoccupied territory will be much easier that into occupied territory. An naval expedition is send along the western coast to explore the lands beyond the Zapotec.
  • Vijayanagar continues to expand its influence into still Hindu areas in the south. The successful diplomat who visited the court of Gajapati now visits the Kingdom of Gonwana, not for vassalization but an alliance. After his best efforts, the King of Godwana finally agrees to ally itself with Vijaynagar. This means that the Hindu areas of the country now come under hindu control. The Triple alliance of Hindustan if formed between Vijaynagar, Gajapit and Godwana. The country continues to see a revival of hinduism and a new generation of missionaries head to the island of Lanka to teach their populace about Hinduism. Missionaries also begin to re-convert all Muslims in the Hindustani alliance. The current generation of males are going well in training for archery. All new cannons continue to be made in the same size, giving a huge tactical advantage. More commerce passes through ports in Vijaynagar and Kalicut. Kalicut has seen a huge boom in trading recently and as more ships from the sub-continent tke to the sea, this will only greaten. The huge buildup of troops continues. More alliances, especially with China, are sought after.

The Novgorod military starts its first European style shipyard. The military purchases ten local arquebuses. Preparations for war with Kazan continue. The first state arquebuses rolk is formed and the first artillery unit.


The Dual Kazakh-Mongol Khanate has been energized with its new leadership, resulting in them being 1.5 times stronger in wars for the next 15 years. The Khans prepare to aid the Sibir Khanate, which is currently winning a war against the eastern remnants of the Golden Horde.

The peasant revolt in Pomerania continues. Any followers of the semi-Orthodox branch of Christianity recently developed are considered heretics by the rebels and killed. Church officials in Germany condemn this group and urge all German Princes to persecute and destroy them.

  • Stop posting these damned events for a second and give me one plausible reason why they are happening! Then I will respond to them. I pretend that illogical things do not exist.

The Songhai empire invades the Mossi and Borgu states to the south.

The Incas take control of the entire region around lake Titicaca.

Savoy, disgusted at the non-subtle Swiss attempt at vassalizing Savoy; decides to be the first state in over 100 years to leave the HRE. This begins a chain reaction as Saluces, Monaco and Montferrat leave by the end of the year. Savoy helps the D'Asti rulers and manages to pull them out of Milanese domination and quickly extract the nation from the HRE. Rumblings start to move north, with Burgundian nobles and peasants alike considering abandoning the HRE along with most non-German states. Some German states too secretly support the revolt as they fear the increasingly hostile states of Austria, Brandenburg and Bavaria.

How exactly is the unification treaty unfair? Read It!! it states that there can be NO VIOLENCE between states. Bavaria has not attacked ANYONE since the unification and has been focused on spreading the word of God, while objecting the heresy from the north. This needs to be removed because it is implausible and in direct contrast with the treaty.

I object. D'astri does not even border Savoy. How could they release Milan's control? Also, why would they be disgusted at the treaty? They haven't even signed it, and as such are not subject to its laws!

Yeah, but what it looked like what you had planned was for the whole Empire to eventually sign, therefore, they'd revolt before it got to the place.

I would still like to know what about the treaty they object to and how they freed D'Astri.

How they freed D'Asti from me so easily?, just read my posts about D'Asti's army. And both Montferrat and D'Asti have good relations with me, so I don't see why would they fight against me (Milan)

I removed the part about the treaty, the Swiss actions are enough.

The Luxembourgian royal family is rescued by Luxembourgian agents. Their current whereabouts are unknown.

  • What royal family? The King (Duke? Whatever) was killed, as well as all his sons, for their actions against the state of Brandenburg, his female relatives (mom, wife, daughters, sisters) were given annual monetary amounts to continue life in exile, and English agents captured much of the extended family and did God knows what with them.
  • So you are saying the English did the unspeakable act of killing a nation's leader in peacetime? To kill a King (or HRE Duke) via execution was not done until 1791...
  • Ashikaga Shogunate continues to build up their military and also expands more into 北海道 (Hokkaidō) and Ainu still continues to be fought against. Jūzō Ayase end the story: the young warrior and the Miko thanks the two female Satoris and their pet Kasha and they (two female Satoris and pet Kasha) return home.
    • The Manchurians send the Japanese an official ambassador, who states that they hope for good relations with the Shogunate in the future.
  • Aq Qoyunlu continues to train its officers, and starts building some ships in the North. An alliance is made with the Nogai Horde. Due to souring relations, Aq Qoyunlu has put supplies into making the "Desert State" which is a confederation of Bedouin tribes. The territory consists of about the Northern half of Arabia, but due to its confederate nature, and the low strength so far, of the government, the boundaries often fluctuate. Meanwhile, many spices and other commodities are sent to the Teutonic Knights, to try convincing them of Papal States indifference toward them, like their no-position in Brandenburg's war against them. Many Imams have also been sent and a promise of support, which the Knights currently have none of.
  • The Baltic isn't too far away for you to do this?
  • Circassia expands another 1000 sq km into Golden Horde territory.
  • Portugal continues preparing its army. After the establishment of a trading post by Epirus on one of the islands that Portugal claimed, preparations are made to secure the other two islands. Meanwhile, the colony on Cabo Verde grows, expanding more 200 sq km. Meanwhile, as Portugal hadn't heard answers from Castille to their previous offer, it expands the offer to England, or any other available Christian country.
    • Accepted, then. The next year, Edward IV will marry Joana and Afonso will marry Anne of York, as Henry of Trastamara seems to be inactive in the requests the previous King asked him.
    • How old is she?
    • 24 years.
  • Switzerland expands and upgrades its military, and apologizes to Savoy for vassalization efforts. In order to make up for this, three tons of Swiss gold, along with five tons of Swiss iron, and 30 cannons are sent to Savoy. Switzerland now demands that Savoy return to the empire, or we will invade.
    • Edmund I of Calais send letter to Swiss authorities, telling them that their efforts to vassalize Savoy provoked this crisis, so they should intervene, and maybe they could take as much of Savoy as the Emperor allows them to do.
    • Bavaria states it will not allow the recklessness of a few endanger the Empire. You must seek forgiveness from Savoy or expect an English, Bavarian presence in your lands.
  • Scotland continues its preparations for war, with King James II personally preparing for battle. The Scottish armies begin massing by the port city of Irvine, where massive naval preparations have been made.
  • Papal States: The Pope is shocked at the recent heretic "creation" of a new religion in the HRE, and immediately relocates many priests to Brandenburg to better retain the Roman Catholic religion in the region. All efforts are made to keep the religion from spreading to the Papacy. The Pope also sends several bishops to the Teutonic Knights to better relations, and so the Order doesn't convert. The Pope plans to return many of the priests back by 1465. As well, the Alfons sees many Hafsid Tunisians rushing into the Cape in order to find sanctuary in the nearby churches.
    • Frederick III asks the Pope if he could be granted temporary control of the Knights Hospitallier to combat this heresy and preserve the empire.
    • Bavaria states that it will do whatever is necessary to ensure the heresy is abolished.
    • English sailors are anxious for try the skills of the renewed navy in other matters than exploration, so King Edward IV sends some of them with a bunch of the most armed ships of the Royal Navy to the ports of Cape of Alfons to serve the Papal authority in defense of such territories (and, of course, the route to the English possessions in the Aegean Sea, from where mercenaries are also destined to the Cape of Alfons). This special corps of Navy is called Order of Saint Petroc, as it came from Cornwall. Edward is its titular Grand Master, and asks for Papal assent to this order's creation. Missionaries (and knights) from England and Calais will do whatever possible to suppress the heresy.
    • Papal States: The Pope agrees to granting the Emperor temporary control of the Knights Hospitaller, and seeks better protection of the Teutonic Knights. As well, the Pope is grateful for the support of Bavaria and England, and will bless the Order once it is established.
    • I think you misunderstand. The Emperor is asking permission from the Pope if he, the Emperor, could temporarily command the knights.
    • Ah yes, must have misread. Fixed.
    • Frederick III thanks the Pope for this command, and orders the knights to search for the missing royal family and to round up members of the religious movement in the north to learn more about their beliefs and to try them if needed.
    • Brandenburg thanks the Pope for his aid against these heretics.
  • Bahmani Sultanate sends an expedition to the southern coast of the former Timurid Khanates from the occupied section of Koli and founds a small fortified territory around 3000 sq km around in a hemisphere at the coast. A small port is founded and trade is improved. Berar is fully absorbed. Emissaries are sent to Bengal to offer full military allegiance as well as trade in return for which the Bengalis must heavily fortify their southern border with troops provided. Gujarat is peacefully vassalised (is this allowed?) and processes of full absorption begin in Gondwana. Parades are organised in the streets and the standard of living is improved by developments in farming. The borders are expanded to the north by 3000 sq km and further fortified. The military is developed. Koli is offered a peaceful treaty of surrender in the continuing war (RNG?).
    • Mod Event: Much of Koli's main army is defeated by the Bahmani forces.With morale broken, Koli decide to give up the war and surrender. But the Koli people are fiercely resistant to attempts by the Bahmani Sultanate to fully take them over, they will surrender in this war but will not give up their freedom. (i.e., you can take some stuff/territory from them but if you want all of Koli you'd need another war, a coup or something.)
  • Austria deploys its forces in Milan, and chastises Switzerland for not being patient. The Emperor declares that each state should remain in the Empire, as all will be granted equal voting rights and the same rights under law. All states are asked to aid in this effort of maintaining the empire. By decree of the Emperor, if the Luxembourg Royal Family are to be found or turn themselves in, they will be treated fairly and with great mercy. War is sadly declared on Savoy and its allies to preserve the Empire. Agents are sent to watch over the northern region carefully and assess whether it is a threat or not.
    • Bavaria agrees and sends forces en masse.
    • Florence aids as well, sending as much supplies as they can rather than soldiers.
    • Edmund, who held trial against the Luxembourgian family, reminds the Emperor that they are traitors and the court was waiting for the Emperor's approval to constitute into a Supreme Court and condemn them to death. The English agents start looking for them. On the other subject, Edmund leads troops to the frontier to bribe Savoy its way again into the Empire, though he's waiting English re-enforcements to continue marching.
    • The King and his sons were executed for crimes against the state of Brandenburg. The females were forced into exile and give an annual sum to survive in richness. THe rest were shuttled off by England to do God knows what.
  • Tyrolia is greatly shocked at Savoy leaving the empire, as states like Austria have only given to increase equality in the Empire, and have not unfairly taken anything. Albert V, himself, marches off to defeat the enemy and keep the states in the Empire.
  • Salzburg sends men and cannon to help maintain the empire, and politely suggests that other states do the same.
  • Australian Aborigines: The Anangu continue to grow more powerful and brazen in their skirmishes with the other tribes, who are increasingly desperate. Allunga is developing into quite the charismatic, intelligent young boy. He is currently seven. He shall begin training as a warrior of the Nuunga at age ten.
  • China establishes diplomatic relations with several Indian nations. Meanwhile, the military is expanded, especially along the western Chinese border.
  • Florence shifts to constructing military units and supplies in order to aid the HRE in its new conflict. Cosimo's son Piero unfortunately passes away due to illness, and he declares a week of mourning.
  • Bavaria: The King orders the military to mobilise to crush the ridiculous uprisings and is sad that a small fringe group could ignite a civil war over nothing. Imperial Scholars all conclude that the treaty is MORE than favourable to other nations in the Empire. The military is equipped with cannon bombards and more guns. The King is enraged at the comment of Bavaria being ruthless, as Bavaria has done nothing but peaceful ventures since the signing of the treaty. The Munchen Cathedral nears ever closer to completion. More money and supplies is sent to Karolin as well as funds shipped to Milan to help combat the rebels. The King fully endorses the notion of an Imperial Supreme Court that will hold trials in Karolin as a national forum to express grievances, debate laws, hold trials (including treason), sign treaties. The first act of the Court, should the Emperor approve, will be the trial of the insurrectionists and those found guilty of heresy.
  • Baden-Wurttemberg: The nation grows wary of the ill-planned revolutions to the north and begins its own military buildup. The University of Stuttgart is closed this year after a rumoured attack on the city. More funds and supplies are poured into Karolin. Artisans continue their elaborate work. Work offically begins on The Imperial Palace, Conclave of Kings and the Imperial University/library as well as a full hospital. The Master Planner of Karolin, Francis Archtus from Bavaria thanks the Emperor for the updated blueprints and ensures His Majesty that it will be a sight to behold once finished.
  • Korea continues to amp up their military, as well as the Explorers Corps. The Philippines is now halfway settled.
  • The Lakota; Akecheta continues to increase military. He orders settlers to go to settle south now to expand the nation farther south.
  • Kingdom of Epirus: Several believers in the hybrid faith in the HRE emigrate to Albania (The new name for the League of Lezhe), and the religion becomes popular there, and to a lesser extant, Epirus. The colonies in the Canary Islands are expanded, with the whole of Gran Canaria and Tenerife being claimed. The first of the caravel-built ships are launched, and some are sent to Africa, some to the fabled land rumored to exist northwest of the British Isles (Iceland), and some to the Black Sea. King Leonardo I states that he cannot ignore the elephant in the room any longer (The Ottomans), so he SECRETLY hires corsairs to harass the Ottoman fleets, again the key word being SECRET.
    • Implausible, Epirus is too small and weak to be worried about exploring other areas.
  • The Zulu Colony in southern Madagascar is turned into a province and expands slightly northward along the island, with the military division sweeping aside other tribes in the area. On mainland Zulu, the Zulu King expands his Kingdom northward along the coast to allow closer distance to Madagascar, as well as giving them control over that part of the region. The Zulu Army soon enters the new territory, and begins its usual cleansing of hostile tribes. Improvement of the infrastructure in that new part of the Kingdom begins.
    • Does it not make more sense for the Zulu to simply expand inland if they want more territory? It'd much less resources and the new territory would be easier to control since they don't have to send troops to the area via a long boat journey.
  • Milan: Declares full war on Savoy's rebels if they do not surrender and come back to the HRE, the entire army is mobilized to the borders. The Genoan army is also moved to the borders, and the Genoan navy starts a blockade of the Savoy ports. Many different condottiers are convinced to join the war with D'Asti as reward to the one who can take it back, many soldiers from D'Asti are siding with Milan and actually are located in the Milanese border with D'Asti waiting to take back their country.
  • Saxony: The Chief Constable orders the newly organised army to take part in "exercises", practising new techniques. Many people get to see for the first time the true might of the cannonier corps. Ernest's wife gives birth to a son, named Frederick, who will inherit Anhalt on his father's death.
  • France declares war on Aragon to liberate Bearn from their control. They ask Castille for help, and in exchange can have all Aragonese lands on the peninsula. They ask Burgundy for any help at all. They also ask Bavaria and Milan for an alliance and trade agreements. The country's southern military begins mobilization once again. Since the Hundred Years' War, it has become the most militaristic country in terms of its genius. They feel confident they can win the war.
    • And what a fool you are. It just so happens that Aragon is married to a state in the HRE, and Bavaria, Milan, and Burgundy were signatories to the treaty, so they cannot war with Aragon or Bradenburg, and they are in the HRE, which you have now created an enemy out of.
  • Serbia: Representives ask King Leonardo I of Epirus if the union is confirmed. A new proclaimation is signed, confirming the Kingdom of Serbia, which forms on June 13, 1463. The Army reaches 8,000 (too little or too much for Serbia?) and are being trained to meet the new requirements. The Serbians continue to eye Montenegro as expansion, with Bosnia not too far ahead.
    • Epirus: The union is confirmed. The King would like to marry Milica of Serbia.
  • Venice is concerned at the recent developments in Savoy but decides not to intervene against ethnic and cultural kin. Venetian merchants gather information of both the Empire and Savoy's troop movements and numbers and supply them to the Doge who assesses the situation carefully. Venice has an obligation to support their kin against foreign invasions but also their duty to the Emperor. Savoy instead is asked to return to the Empire peacefully rather than cause strife and conflict, an offer the Savoians reject ... Venice works on its military and forts while continuing to sponsor the Renaissance. Manuta, Modena, Ferrara, Lacques and Siena grow closer to Venice economically and politically to the point where Mantua and Ferrara are considered to be in diplomatic union with Venice.
  • Tibet: The Himalayan explorers are sent off again to explore the southern parts of the Himalayas and incorporate land. 800 sq km is formally incorporated on the west edge of Tibet. Plans to improve living conditions in Lhasa are set in motion.
  • Siam: Siamese are improved a bit through better administration with the introduction of typing allowing faster mobilization and organization. Economy improves and Siam continues pushing its control over the peninsula forward.
  • Oman expands 4000 sq km inland across the Omani border as Oman tries to get more of the Bedouin tribes to join Oman rather than the Aq Qoyunlu funded "Desert State". Sultan Omar ibn al Khattab begins to worry about this new state being used as a land base to attack Oman from. Knowing that his navy is his strongest force, the Sultan begins planning a short naval war to quickly stun Aq Qoyunlu and resolve the issues in the Persian Gulf with them. The Omani merchant's mercenary army continues to grow as they meet with the Sultan to plan the attack on Aq Qoyunlu. The Omani Imamate begins to fear the growing power of the growing power of these merchants and the Sultan, and the Imamate begins secret talks with Aq Qoyunlu about removing Sultan Omar ibn al Khattab from power and then re-imposing the heavenly rule of the Imamate to discourage the greed of the growing merchant faction.
  • Ottoman Empire: The request for democracy is rejected, stating that the Greeks were our enemies, and we will not follow their ways. The Empire continues to modernize and expand the armed forces while more land is put under government control when the Emperor sees how succesful the already Empire controlled farms are doing. Now about 9% of all Ottoman land is under the control of the Imperial Farming Commitee which controls these lands and what they will or will not grow. The road to Alaiye's capitol as well as that of Wallachia are completed, and trade between the three nations begins to flow. The production of guns and cannons continues.
  • Alaiye: The road is complete and trade booms. Wallachia and Alaiye can now trade and greatly strengthen each others economies. The Army continues to expand under Ottoman supervision.
  • Wallachia: The road is complete and trade booms. Wallachia and Alaiye can now trade and greatly strengthen each others economies. The Army continues to expand under Ottoman supervision.
  • The Manchurians resume expanding their country northward, and the infrastructure project is still ongoing. The Manchurians continue to expand their territory on Huatai Island.
  • England continues expanding its navy, bringing cannons and arquebuses from the south to make both the navy and army stronger. Alcock now returns from the southern regions of western Africa. The English merchants start supplying the islands colonized by the Portuguese and Burgundians. King Edward IV send an ultimatum to the King of France: "If France moves against Aragon, then England shall use the power of its navy and noble knights to defend its ally against the usurpers". Concerning the Irish states, the lords who are loyal to Edward IV start fighting one another, though the Royalists are currently counting with support from the Irish lords and lesser chiefs, who have the promises of lands in the new English fiefs once the war is over.
  • Calais continues working on its development. The Calaisian ambassador in Burgundy asks the Grand Duke not to support the French offensives. Edmund I decides to march upon Savoy when re-enforcements arrive from England, bringing the Three Standards (The Two-headed Eagle of the Empire; the Three Lions of England and the Keys of Saint Peter of the Papal States).
  • Muscovy continues their 'peacekeeping' in Rostov, when in fact they are vassalizing it. The Tsar, on the urging of his son, declares that in the interests of all Russia, we must be united, and declares war on Yaroslavl. Rostov, meanwhile, is weakened, and it will be completely vassalized in a year.
  • Chichen Itza begins a new program to increase its own wealth. The Emperor realizes the importance of shipping in trade, so he devotes more resources to coastal cities. The Army ends its period of expansion, but the Navy continues to grow in size and power. The exploration team does not return this year.
  • Georgia continues to modernize the capital and expand to the north and east. Trebizond is integrated further into Georgia.
  • The Novgorod posadnik secretly bribes the most respected or influential speakers in the Pskov Duma to seed ideas or reuniting with Novgorod, especially with their growing military power. The Novgorod gunsmith produces one of the finest firearms the army has seen yet, and gives Russia a chance at the world stage, giving Novgorod a sizeable artillery force. Work on the first Novgorodian naval vessel is presumed to start next year. The citizens are encouraged to propose flag designs and naval flag or ensign designs to be voted on.


The Kazakh-Mongol Khanate attacks the Eastern Golden Horde. Already at war with the Sibir Khanate, the Golden Horde is very weak and loses a great deal of land to the two Khanates, though they still fight on.

The peasant revolt in Pomerania begins to calm down, with the western half of the nation stabilizing under Brandenburgian control. The east is still in chaos, though.

  • I'll ask nicely one more time: Why?
  • Because peasant revolts occur every so often. I chose your nation because Pomerania violated the rule about vassals being no larger than half the size of the main nation

A small rebellion happens in Huguang, China, and a subsequent bigger rebellion happens in Guangxi.

Religious tensions grow in Morocco as many Jews are killed and many Muslims are killed in retaliation. Local Sharifs begin trying to take advantage of the situation and to free themselves from Marinid control.

  • Portugal continues preparing its armies, and develops its naval technology. Meanwhile, it asks England to arrange Edward IV's marriage to Joana de Avis. Meanwhile, Bragança is elevated to the category of city. The colony on Cabo Verde expands 200 sq km. Meanwhile, an invasion of the island of Tenerife (name given by the natives of the westernmost island of the group), known by the natives as Achinet, is made. After finding support on the southern Kingdoms, known as menceiatos, who had already previous contact with the Portuguese through missionaries, an attempt to negotiate is made with the northern menceiatos, but fails. Conflict is then inevitable. By the end of the year, the island is incorporated into the Portuguese crown, although native resistance continues.
  • Ashikaga Shogunate continues to build up their military and also expands more into 北海道 (Hokkaidō) and Ainu still continues to be fought against. Shogun Ashikaga Yoshimasa sends an official Japanese ambassador to Manchuria and also hopes for good relations with Manchuria in the future.
  • Austria continues to supply troops to fight Savoy if they do not accept Switzerland's offer. Designs for a trade center and a cathedral in Karolin are sent to Bavarian builders. Frederick III hears tales of the Mausoleum of Bodrum from Hospitaller Knights, and he sends some men to protect the site from any looters.
  • Tyrolia readies more men to fight against Savoy and its allies if they do not rejoin the Empire.
  • Salzburg ceases sending troops against Savoy, and instead sends the same troops to help put down what is left of the Peasant rebellion.
  • Australian Aborigines: The war continues. The various tribes begin to devote resources to building permanent defenses in various locations in attempts to outdo the opponent. Bows, arrows and melee weapons have all received technological upgrades over the past year as well. Allunga is eight this year.
  • The Lakota: Akecheta stops the settlers in the south and tells them to move east after a scouting report finds a massive lake with lush and fertile land. Military gets amped up with size and technologies.
  • Ethiopia: The modenization of the Imperial armies continue with the introduction of cannon, and the move to develop the roads and schools continues. The Ethiopians colonize another 750 sq km of land moving toward the Red Sea around OTL Assab. In Adal, 500 sq km are gained during battle with the Muslim armies of the Adal Sultanate.
    • I'll let this slide but you are not taking any more territory from Adal without another war algorithm. Do an algorithm if you want to continue fighting to conquer Adal.
  • Florence continues to support the HRE's efforts against Savoy, sending troops. Piombino also pledges supplies to the cause.
  • Aq Qoyunlu keeps training its officers. Aq Qoyunlu fruitlessly tries bringing more unity to the 'Desert State' in case of Omani invasion. However, many Aq Qoyunlular troops are stationed throughout the region, causing some friction with the natives, and the government almost powerless to stop some incidents.
  • Circassia expands another 1000 sq km north into Golden Horde Territory along the border with Asia.
  • Oman expands 4000 sq km inland across the Omani border as Oman tries to get more of the Bedouin tribes to join Oman rather than the Aq Qoyunlu funded "Desert State". Sultan Omar ibn al Khattab builds up his forces in the Persian Gulf and prepares to attack. Some troops are stationed along Oman's land borders to prevent land invasion by Aq Qoyunlu, but these are seen mostly as slowing the enemy down whereas the main attacking force is naval based in the gulf. The military is amped up and anti-Aq Qoyunlu propaganda is spread throughout Oman, as the Sultan and merchants try to get more popular support for the war. The Omani Imamate continues its secret talks with Aq Qoyunlu about removing Sultan Omar ibn al Khattab from power. Now desperate to stop a war, the Imamate offers to give the Sultan of Aq Qoyunlu, the title of Sultan of Oman. This future Omani state will be subordinate to Aq Qoyunlu but given large degree of autonomy to let the Omani Imamate to rule most of Oman as they see fit.
  • Bavaria: The King demands that the Swiss come to an agreement with Savoy or expect a military reprimand. The Munchen Cathedral nears completion as the most beautiful Cathedral in all of Germany. It is said that it is so beautiful that it rivals even the basilicas in Rome. Bavaria sends more money and workers to Karolin. The King announces before the Conclave of Kings, the plan to have a constitution and Supreme Court of the HRE, which has already been drafted by the Emperor. Bishop Aleksander Surese is elected Grand Cardinal of South Germany and now oversees the Church's affairs in Bavaria, Baden-Wurttemberg, Milan, and South Austria. Work begins on new center of trade througout the region. Surese grows concerned with the amount of heretic belief in the North and does everything in His power to ensure that the South remain free of the Devil's wiles.
    • Swiss D: We already demanded a peaceful settlement with Savoy in 1463, please read what we have to say before making ignorant demands.
    • Cardinals are not a territorial range of the Church, but a special grade conferred by the Pope himself to hold magistracy in the Roman Curia and participate in Conclave. Kings can nominate and in some cases reject or appoint Bishops, but only the Pope can appoint Cardinals and they are not releated to territories.
  • Baden-Wurttemberg: Continues the building of Karolin. The Imperial Complex continues massive construction as the new Cathedral blueprints and the Foruma Imperius (Imperial Forum/marketplace). The military is expanded and troops are sent to Savoy to help fight off the rebels.
  • Chichen Itza continues expanding its naval fleet. More reports come in of ships coming into contact with the unknown island to the northeast. The exploration party still does not return.
  • Bahmani Sultanate fully absorbs Gondwana into the territory and begins very public displays of prosperity. The territory remains relatively autonomous under its former Sultan. The territory in the Timurid Khanates is expanded to 5000 sq km with much trade now occurring with Oman due to expanded sea territories and population. Farming and military are improved with slow improvement beginning in organisation of health systems. The capital is further improved and is quite a large hub for trade around the country. (Can somebody tell me quickly if Bengal accepted the last turn's offer so I can accommodate it'?) Troops begin to fill Gujarat to assert dominion. Koli is fully integrated, the people as always being ruled fairly but firmly, carefully for fear of unrest. War crimes are punished. Borders are expanded 3000 sq km into the north and the new border and the south are fortified. Trouble continues to be raised in the north.
    • Mod event: Fellow Indian Muslim state Bengal agrees to the Bahmani alliance.
    • I am pretty sure Godwana is the one under Vijaynagar control, any such acts will lead to war!
  • Thanks. Bengal is heavily fortified to the north and south. Much military protection is moved in especially to the south.
  • Kingdom of Epirus: The first carracks are made. They are added to the Epirian Royal Navy, with the plans given to Serbia. Secret pirate raids on the Ottomans continue, and the army is mobilized and moved to the border with the Ottomans. King Leonardo I asks every Christian nation to help them if war breaks out with the Ottomans. At a speech, Leonardo states that soon we shall liberate our fellow Greeks from the Ottoman tyranny!
  • Papal States: The Pope, though wishing to continue the "March of the Catholics" across Europe, announces that many of the priests, bishops and deacons will be returned to the Papal States by the next year. Many volunteer, however, to stay in the Teutonic Knights and Brandenburg to rid Europe of the new heretic religion. As well, the Pope states that he will not get the States involved in the war within the HRE, and wish their problems be solved peacefully. Meanwhile, citizens in Alfons consider expanding their territory to continue to help Hafsid refugees in the war, though do not wish armed conflict with the Mamluks. (Also, just note that the Pope died this year OTL from illness he received during an Ottoman crusade, which did not happen in the game).
  • Majapahit builds a road that crosses over the whole middle of the island of Borneo, and builds forts along the way. By now, all of Majapahit's current vassals are being organized into a single Majaphitese state. More explorations bring word of Janjapur (East Africa, the name derives from Zanj), Meghakakar (Madagascar), and Sullui (Zulu) to Majapahit.
  • The Chinese military quickly responds to this rebellion. General Li Chen leads 35,000 troops to reinforce the 160,000 local troops already present in the area to end the rebellion.
  • Denmark rejects Brandenburg's offer, and continues building up its military and navy.
  • France expanding its colonies on the Cape Verde islands to persuade some lower class fisherman to move there as they may be able to make a good profit there. In their war with Aragon, they send secret support for the people of Bearn to rebel against the tyranny of Aragon. They ask Bavaria and Milan once again for an alliance and trade agreements. It has been ten years and so far, the scholars made great successes as technology from Italy and returned to France and have made the country better off than it was before. Although only having minor influence, it is growing. To ensure they do not have to depend much on Italy, they encourage universities and colleges to teach them the same topics the Italians have treasured. Meanwhile, a fisherman from Cape Verde accidentally discovers the Canary Islands. News is sent to France about it, but no major action is taken just yet.
    • You realize that YOU control Bearn? Aragon tied, my good fellow. And you cannot ask alliances with Aragon's allies. AKA Bavaria and Milan via Brandenburg. And BTW, France is the land of tyrants. Robespierre guillotined the first tyrant and Napoleon the second. Aragon went down in history as a benevolent nation and home to many religions. (Except Muslims.) I advise you do some historical reading.
    • Bavaria rejects and demands a stand down in Aragon otherwise the entirety of the HRE and allies down on you. There is no excuse for tyranny, and we will not stand by to let you attack a sovereign nation.
  • The Zulu Territory in Madagascar is expanded northward, and the outpost garrison begins to remove the hostile natives from the region. In mainland Africa, the Zulu Kingdom continues to expand northward along the eastern coast of Africa until the ZK controls the waterway between Zulu and Madagascar. The Zulu Navy sends out explorations toward a rumoured nation to the far east.
  • Venice decides to stay neutral in the current HRE conflict. Instead, Venice develops its navy and army. With Manuta and Ferrara in diplomatic union with Venice, Modena, Lacques and Siena quickly crumble to Venetian pressure to form the North Italian Confederacy. However, this is little more than a name with Venice controlling the policies of the other states who remain merely in diplomatic union. Venice asks Serbia for an alliance and an agreement to divide Bosnia between the two states.
    • The King of Bavaria asks that Venice please review the constitution we are planning for all of the HRE, as well as the new Imperial High Court (OTL Supreme Court with modifications), and then kindly vote on the matter or place your own idea.
    • Milan: Hey, hey. I was doing the same with Mantua since long before. I think you can't just destroy all my influence that easily. In fact, the son of my Duke is betrothed with their heiress. And just do some historic research, Ludovico of Mantua was a Venetian enemy, so this makes no sense.
    • I object. How do you propose to vassalise four nations at the same time? None of us could do that. Some of them are not even near you.
    • They are not vassals but merely very close allies. Manuta was manipulated by Milan into hating Venice AFTER 1450.
  • Serbia: The Serbian representives in Epirus, receive the secret plans, and continue to recruit villagers, into preparing for a war that will benefit the Serbs and our friends.
  • Tibet: The Himalayan explorers chart major passes, of which news is sent back to Lhasa. The infrastructure of Shigatse is improved. A monastery is built on the newly-incorporated land. Diplomats are also sent to the borders with the smaller Khanates to the north. The military is expanded.
  • Saxony: The Elector decides to test out the theory behind his Chief Constable's radical ideas, and sends one "division" of his infantry, a few knights, and some cannoniers to help quell the peasant rebellion in Pomerania.
  • Ottoman Empire: Military buildup for sixth year in a row continues I can and can't farm and when it can be harvested, allowing record crop yields for the first time in over ten years. Will add more later.
  • Alaiye: The road is complete and trade booms. Wallachia and Alaiye can now trade and greatly strengthen each others economies. The Army continues to expand under Ottoman supervision.
  • Wallachia: The road is complete and trade booms. Wallachia and Alaiye can now trade and greatly strengthen each others economies. The Army continues to expand under Ottoman supervision.
  • The Novgorodians build up their military and spend more money trying to convince the Pskov Veche to join them again. They hope that their planned war with Kazan will instill at least some incentive to join with them. The Novgorodian Veche is getting their first flags proposed, and voting will be presumed to end by next year. The Second printer in the Nation, this one in Staraya Rossa, opens up shop. The military is improved and war is planned for next year. Meanwhile, the Veche accepts the alliance proposal with Poland-Lithuania, and the Hanseatic League establishes Kontore in England (this is me accepting the trade proposal with England).
  • Milan: the army is built up, our money and power is used to fight Venetian influence in Mantua, Modena, Lucca (Lucques) and Siena. We ask Florence a full alliance and more trade. As most of the army is fighting Savoy, some condottiers are moved to Mantua to support our allies there. The marriage between Dorotea Gonzaga and Galeazzo Sforza is done a year ealier because Ludovico Gonzaga fears his old enemy. The Venetians will just use him as puppet as the Sforza told him. Many D'Astians (?) noblemen and military fearing the Imperial Justice start siding with Milan, fleeing the Savoy's rebels and supporting Milanese troops. Also many D'Astians and Montferrat civilians flee their nations to settle in Milan and Genoa. (Is this enough to add D'Asti loyalists to the algorithm?)
    • Florence agrees to the alliance, sending more goods to Milan as a token of acceptance.
  • The Manchurians resume expanding their country northward, and the infrastructure project is still ongoing. The Manchurians continue to expand their territory on Huatai Island.
  • The number of Jewish and Orthodox converts continues to increase in the northern territories of Georgia. Expansion to the north and east continues and the Black Sea fleet of Georgia is improved slightly.
  • Switzerland: Demands '''again that Savoy accept Swiss terms for rejoining the HRE and peacefully standing down, demanding Savoy rejoin by 1466 or be invaded. Swiss forces build up on the border with Savoy.
  • Edward IV of England marries Joana of Avis in Canterbury in later May. Three months later, Anne travels to Portugal to have the King organise his wedding with Afonso. Joana proves popular between nobles and clergymen, and even people. Edward IV expropriates lands of rebel lords of Ireland to create his new wife Archduchess of Desmond. The navy, with new cannons brought from Saxony and new ships of the Portuguese Joana's dowry, strikes the rebels in Ulster and finishes the rebellion. The bit of land between Ulster and the Pale are unified after such a demonstration of power.
    • Joana is only twelve years of age.
    • Fixed.
  • Calais continues working on its internal development. Prince Edmund and Maria have their first child, called Constantine after the Prince. He is created Lord Admiral of the Royal Navy.
  • Scotland continues to build up their military. King James II reaffirms his title as "King of the Gaels" and through this claim he declares that all free Irish states (those not dominated by England) as under his reign. He sends a messenger asking if they will submit to his rule. The free Irish refuse to fall under his power, and kill the messenger. James II masses his forces and builds up the navy, sending one last offer to the Irish at the end of this year.
    • Edward IV sends and ultimatum to Scotland to not defy his power over Ireland, legitimized by Papal Bull.


A popular revolt happens on Fez. The Marinid Sultan, Abd al-Haqq II, is killed. A ruler of Idrissid origin is appointed, but his authority only is limited to Fez, while the rest of the country enters into anarchy.

Massive floods happen on central and southern China.

The Golden Horde is all-but defeated in the east, divided almost equally between the Sibir and Kazakh-Mongol forces. The Kazakh-Mongols turn their attention to the weak and divided remnants of the Timurid Empire. The Dimuratis, the strongest post-Timurid state, are fortunately out of Kazakh-Mongol sights for now.

The Pomeranian revolts begin to die down, though the whole area remains devastated.

  • Portugal continues preparing its armies. Meanwhile, a settlement, which is called Santiago de Anaga, is made on the recently-conquered island. The colony on Cabo Verde expands by 150 sq km, and later on the year, the settlement on Tenerife is put under the jurisdiction of the colony of Cabo Verde. Meanwhile, Afonso V schedules Infante Afonso's marriage to Anne of York to 1470 at least.
  • Ashikaga Shogunate continues to build up their military and also expands more into 北海道 (Hokkaidō) and Ainu still continues to be fought against. Jūzō Ayase writes one last story: the Miko goes sailing and an Akkorokamui appears, and she begins to fight it.
    • The Manchurians offer asistance with the Ashikaga's war on the Ainu. The Manchurian Ambassador suggests that the Shogunate and Manchurians sit down to negotiations to hammer out each nation's territorial claims.
    • Shogun Ashikaga Yoshimasa accepts Manchuria's help for the war against Ainu; and also agrees to negotiations of territorial claims.
  • The Novgorodian Veche declares war on one of the successor state to the Golden Horde: the Khanate of Kazan. The Novgorodians assemble a druzhina, and the arquebusier polks are summoned, along with the permanant Cavalry divisions, created to counteract the Khanate's cavalry. The Novgorodians are pleased to get material support form Moscow (I am presuming that Guns putting me down as supplies for Moscow means that we reached this agreement), and have bribed enough people to let Pskov send them supplies such as ammunition and guns (not actual military divisions). The Novgorod Navy's building is postponed until the end of this war. but the flag voting continues. Meanwhile, the Hanseatic League, after some years of heavy Novgorodian leadership, establish a monopoly in the Baltic regions, and start a fierce competition with the venetian traders for trade in Northern Germany. Some ambitious traders even want to expand the influence to Crimea and Asia once the Navy of Novgorod is completed and competant to protect precious trade materials. The Hanseatic League is slowly recuperating and surpassing its former strength. (For war chance: -Lx (leave me a message) 21:25, September 19, 2012 (UTC))
    • The Hanseatic League still has its headquarters in Germany, just so you know.
    • Either way, the Novgorodians traders and the Novgorodian faction essentially controls the league since Venice tried to break it apart ... even if the HQ is in Germany, the Novgorodian domination is clear.
    • Yep. I thought we did, actually.
  • The Manchurians continue expanding their country northward, and the infrastructure project is still ongoing. The Manchurians continue to expand their territory on Huatai Island.
  • Alaiye: The road is complete and trade booms. Wallachia and Alaiye can now trade and greatly strengthen each other's economies. The Army continues to expand under Ottoman supervision. 5000 troops are sent to the HRE to help in its civil war.
  • Wallachia: The road is complete and trade booms. Wallachia and Alaiye can now trade and greatly strengthen each others economies. The Army continues to expand under Ottoman supervision. 5000 troops are sent warto the HRE to help in its civil War.
  • Ottoman Empire: 25,000 troops are sent to the HRE to help in the Civil War. The Ottoman Empire announces that I will now help the Holy Roman Empire and will help restore the rightful Holy Roman government power with a total of 35,000 Ottoman/Wallacian/Aleyein troops fighting in the HRE Civil War.
    • Under what backing? The Ottomans would have been pleased by HRE's demise if it ever happened. Actually you can look up the thirty years war.
  • Korea continues to amp up their military and the Explorers Corps.
  • Frederick III accepts the help from the Ottomans, surprised that help would come from the Muslim Turks. With his son nearing maturity, Frederick starts the long process of finding him a wife. At first he tries with Isabella of Castile, but no reply is heard back yet. Can someone help here, because he hasn't played for a while. Forces surrounding Savoy begin placing Artillery encampments and demand that Savoy comply with Switzerland's ceasefire plan. Knights Hospitaller capture the Luxembourg Royal Family on the border with France, and they are held in custody pending the outcome of their trial.
    • Bavaria sends Artillery to bolster the Emperor's lines.
  • Siam continues to grow economicly as their trade with the rest of asia increases. The expansion into the disordered Malay Peninsula north of Malacca Continues. The King continues pushing for the construction of a navy to deal with pirates and raiders who may harass the national trade routes. Local printing workshops begin to pop up in the capital and major trading cities.
  • The second Scottish messenger to Ireland is killed in his attempts to convince the Irish to join Scotland. James II declares this tantamount to a declaration of war on Scotland by the Irish and attacks the free Irish states. Though he swears not to attack the English states, he does tell the English that the Lauabiliter (the Papal Bull that gave them authority over Ireland) was only because the Irish rejected the Gregorian reforms, and he holds it expired now that the reforms have been carried out (though there are a few who say that the Church needs to carry out some new reforms...)
    • The Laudabiliter stated that England and its King was in charge of conducting the process of subjugation from the Irish independent heretic churches to the Holy See. Such mission has not yet ended, and many Irish states still don't recognise the Papal authority. Clement V and John XII ratified such a Bull after rejecting the proposed modification and reminding King Edward II his own responsibilities. Edward IV is a Prince crowned by God who's will made his father come up on the throne and he is the only one who is been expangin the True Religion in these lands. He calls for all his allies (including the Pope himself) to legitimate his rule over the Irish lands. That in parentheses was an insinuation? Because I could accuse you of heresy.
    • You will tread carefully. England is an ally of the HRE. To declare war against him would not be wise at all...
      • The Scots have no intention of attacking the English-controlled states.
      • Ireland is an English dominion under the eyes of God Almighty, and the Laudabiter Bull above discussed proves it.
      • Ireland may be an English dominion in the eyes of God, but in the eyes of anyone in the real world they have clearly failed in their duty to establish control over it, and in fact are barely able to suppress revolt in the lands they own. The English furthermore have been perfectly willing to let the Laudabiter Bull be defied, they offered to give France part of Ireland, and a mere six years ago they offered to make a deal with Scotland to divide Ireland. It is evident that the English do not care what the Laudabiter Bull says, and are making their decisions on whether or not to allow people to settle on Ireland based on purely secular reasons. They also state that the Scottish will force any rogue Irish churches into the Catholic Church as well as the English, if not better due to the fact that the Scottish culture is much closer to the Irish one and thus more likely to be able to absorb the rogue Irish.
      • You talk nothing but heresy. If the English were to allow Scottish and French settlements in Ireland it was just part of the sovereign authority God put on them, authority they would have used to control the Church on those lands as is their right to do. If the former and unworthy Kings failed in task the cause was nothing but the Scottish and French offenses against them and the other nations trying to reduce their right to sovereignty. If Scotland proceeds with this war, it would be an attack on English territory and therefor a violation of the truce.
  • The King of Bavaria declares a new compromise between Calais and Bavaria's plan for the structure of the High Court. The Court is finally established in Karolin, the seat of the Empire. The construction continues with a rapid pace in hopes of having the city at least habitable by 1470. The King asks the Pope for recognition of the stadfast faith of Bavaria, in protecting The One True Faith. Bavaria personally thanks the Ottoman Turks for their generous gesture of friendship. Expert Merchant Johan Van Gluse, creates the Imperial Trade Company(HRE version of the British Trade Co.) to rival the Hanseatic League and the merchants of Venice. The military expands with a plan to completely modernize the military, which includes the addition of 20 new Artillery Groups.
    • ​Genoa (Milan): The Merchant Guild of the Republic of Genoa offers to the Imperial Trade Company an union to create the Imperial Merchant Guild, divide between the Sea's Guild and the Continental Company.
    • Bavaria: Let it be so.
  • Baden-Wurttemberg continues to build Karolin with break-neck pace. The military is updated and more troops are sent to Savoy. Wurttembergian Scholars believe that they have found Jesus' sandals and have sent them straight to the Vatican to determine their authenticity. Count Erbhart abdicates in favor of his nephew James Renault, he assumes the title of Duke of Baden-Wurttemberg.
  • The Lakota: Lakotan settlers expand east toward the massive lake. Military is updated and improvised.
  • Muscovy finishes the vassalization of Rostov; they are now so in all but name, and soon in name too. Rostov is forced to pay tribute to Moscow, and the Duke is forced to swear allegiance to the Tsar. Meanwhile, a similar process begins in Yaroslavl. Hearing of the crisis in the HRE, Moscow decides to play a neutral role, unless things spread to Russia.
  • Switzerland builds up its military to an unprecedented level, preparing to lead a renewed assault into Savoy. Switzerland reminds Savoy it has one more year before half a million of the HRE's finest storm into their lands and force them back into the HRE by force.
    • There's no way that the HRE could field a force that large. I doubt even China could get up to 500,000, unless they were full-on invaded.
  • Bahmani Sultanate emissaries are sent to Gajapati to offer a deal: in return for a large amount of gold, as well as military aid and development, Gajapati will become a comfortable Bahmani vassal instead of a vassal of Vijayanagara. The Sultanate feels comfortable that the southern threat for the time being is held at bay. The Timurid territory is expanded by 5000 sq km, with some soldiers sent over to quell any unhappy previous occupants. Koli is consolidated as the people receive the benefits of Bahmani farming and industry. Muhammadabad is developed. The border of Gujarat is fortified to prepare for an invasion of what was Khandesh (what's it called?). Trouble is created there. Ships from Bengal and the Sultanate proper are sent to vassalise and consolidate power in Small Jaffna and the Sinhalese Kingdoms.
    • Its Jaffna and the Small Sinhalese Kingdoms, not the other way around.
    • And actually, Jaffna does not even exist anymore. all of Sri Lanka belongs to Kotte right now.
  • The Mamluks stop attempting expansion into the Hafsid Empire, although it still stores plans. Instead, it focuses troops against the claimant in the Hijaz, who has suddenly taken up the allegiance of most Hejazi clans and plans on marching to Cairo. Copts and Syriacs, despite the war, continue their previous trend.
  • In response to these floods, China builds hundreds of new bridges around the area. Commerce is increased due to this. Meanwhile, the military is expanded.
  • Australian Aborigines: The conflict continues. Neither side yields ground, but both continue to advance their defensive technologies. Allunga turns nine this year and is totally hyped for his commencement next year as a Nuunga warrior.
  • Burgundy: The Catholic is the only position embraced by the population, yet the heretic populations are granted asylum if they agree to accept the power of the Pope above them and that their population will be commited to colonization of the Cabo Verde claimed islands (the smallest) and the Canary Islands. Those who accept are shipped to Mei (Maio), and Kerstmanland (Santa Luzia) while small military outpost are set in Niklaas (Nicolas), while this the colony in Western Africa called Mauritania is expanded northward in 50 km2. The Duke continues the occupation of Friesland and demands a response if they are going to become a vassal. The army continues occupying the Friesland terrains and the fleet of 80 ships continues its blockade, while the other 40 ships defend the Duke and the remaining 20 continue exploring the coast of Western Africa and commencing between Afrika Eilanden (Equatorial African Islands). The Duke continues to support the decision of the rest of the empire and the Pope, yet he decides to use heretic desperation for expansion purposes and decides to give an order that allows male heretics live in Burgundy if they give military service for five years. He updates its military and gathers a defence military of 20.000 to defend the Duchy and expand in the ocean. The Kanaren islands, Speerland (Lanzarote) Sterk Fortuin (Fuerte Ventura) are set as major military and naval outposts while Ijzer and Oostelijk (Gomera) are set as small colonies, there's still native resistance.
  • Papal States: Pope Pius II announces the March of the Catholics has officially ceased, and many remaining clergymen are returned to the States. Many volunteers, however, remain in Brandenburg and Northern Europe in order to halt and possibly exterminate the new heretic religion. The Pope also wishes that the Holy Roman Emperor will be able to continue to head the Knights Hospitallier. The Pope also recognizes and blesses the Bavarians for ensuring their Catholic faith, and may build a statue in honour of King Andreas. Meanwhile, many are appalled at the recent attitudes of the Scottish (including the Catholic Church), who were seen as a peaceful and friendly state. The Pope gives supplies to help the Irish, and states that if the English and Scottish take part in war, the Pope will send supply aid for the English to retain their territorial and religious stance in Ireland (though only if requested). Also, many remaining refugees enter Alfons as the Mamluk war slowly comes to an end, and churches see the conversion of many.
    • The Emperor would like to confirm this with the Pope: Are you granting the Emperor permanent authority over the Knights Hospitallier?
      • Papal States: Not permanent, until the situation in Northern Europe cools down.
    • King Edward IV thanks His Holiness for his support and for listening the words of God. The Order of Saint Petroc will be reinforced and the taxes over Ireland (currently one yearly penny per house to the Church) will be elevated to ten yearly pennies per house to the Church and one more to maintain the Order of Saint Petroc.
    • The Scots reiterate what they stated above, that the English are hypocritical, have already tried and failed to defy the agreement with the Pope on their own, and have clearly failed in their duty for force the Irish back into the Church, a duty that the Scots will be able to carry out much easier.
    • Edward VI: "Don't listen that heretic King who doesn't care about neither the Church nor God Himself. The Scots are nothing but a people of traitors defying the truce with England and the Papal Bull Laudabiter. They do nothing but lie and His Holiness will realize it if he separates his mind from the word of God and allow these Judases to take an island of good Christian brothers."
    • The Scottish say that if the Irish are good Christian brothers, why do the English still have authority to invade them?
    • The Papal states can't possibly send military aid all the way to England.
      • You're right. Fixed.
    • They are good Christian brothers opressed by a corrupt nobility and false clergy, and the English are responsible to free them and unite them under the One True Religion, a right legitimated by three different Popes (four, counting this one who seems to support England). King Edward IV asks the Pope to solve this situation by signing a new Laudabiter Bull stating that the King of England is also the sovereign secular Prince in charge to watch and protect the spritiual authority of the Pope in Ireland and that any foreign country must retreat inmediately from such territories if the English did not approve their entrance, or settle with permission of the English, who will still watch them, tax them and protect the Church.
  • Aq Qoyunlu continues working on its officers, and picks up the Mamluk war with its newly trained officers and launches a full on assault on Libya, and promises to give all land to the Mamluks. Dulkadir, Ramazan and Assyrian send about 4000 troops each, however, Circassia presses the fact that it is actually independent and only sends supplies. The Desert State continues to be highly ineffective and due to large rates of attrition, Aq Qoyunlu pulls out most of its southern forces.
  • Circassia expands 1000 km2.
  • Milan: Milanese efforts successfully weakens the small Venetian influence over Mantua, as Ludovico Gonzaga, old enemy with Venice obviously prefers to continue his old relationship with the Sforza rather than join the Venetians. Modena is a lot harder. The Duke is not friendly with Milan and most of the efforts are vain, but we think Florence could have more success trying. The infrastructure of the country is built up using the workers fleeing from Savoy and allies. Many mercenary companies are added to the army and the rest of them are send to D'Asti.
    • The Venetian sack of Mantua was in 1453. It never happened here... Not only that but in 1447 Mantua joined with Venice to attack Milan...
  • Genoa: The navy is built up, more ports are made in some colonies, the trade start growing up again after some problems and the decrease of colonies. Campofregoso start destroying his political enemies, ensuring Milanese control over Genoan politics.
  • D'Asti: A condottiero called Niccolo de Forlí defeats some D'Asti rebels and Sforza gives him the title of Marquis of D'Asti.
  • France, hoping to attract more people, begins to allow people of all races and backgrounds across Europe (except Muslims for obvious reasons) to come to France. To ensure they can support their claim they decide to withdraw any discriminatory boundaries so they can have full rights as other Frenchmen. Seeing wars in most of Germany, they decide to allow any German refugees into the country. Also, they continue their war against Bearn, managing to chase them down throughout Bearn and encouraging revolt there. They begin colonization at the southernmost island of Cape Verde called Port of the Atlantic (What is that in French?).
    • Port de l'Atlantique, obviously. This is in modern French. I don't know how it would sound in 1465.
    • The Scots are breaking the truce signed in 1453. As signer of such a treaty, France must intervene in favor of the affected part (England) and in defense of the Holy Right provided by the Papal Bull Laudabiter. In return for this intervention, France will have granted support of the English in absorbing states in its sphere of influence such as Auvergne, Anjou or Avignon; and the English will help reducing the suspects about the Bourbon Incident.
    • The Scots are violating no truce. The truce was solely against attacking England. The Scots are attacking independent states that England had been making absolutely no move in the past decade and a half to even establish their control over, as they were barely able to keep control over their own territory. The Scots state that the English are trying to provoke a war because they have failed to fulfill their half of their bargain with the Pope.
    • The Scots are being heretics. The Irish lands are English territory for the Papal Bull Laudabiter, ratified three times. Edward IV send a letter to the King of France: "King James is a heretic and he must be punished for defying the authority of God Himself. I know that you, who are a fine Christian Prince, guided by God, will lead your country to defend the truce we signed, as Scotland must not attack England and Ireland is part of England, words of the Vicar of Christ, ratified by two of his successors. Let us teach a hard-to-forget lesson to all those who oppose the supreme authority of Our Lord."
  • Tibet: Some of the Himalayan explorers arrive in Nepal and observe the running of the Buddhist monasteries in the state. Others travel east through the Himalayas, toward Kamarupa. New roads are built in the northern half of the state, and fortifications start to be built, in case the Kazakh-Mongol Khanate attacks. The military reaches 18'000 official members, with a similar amount of backup troops.
  • Saxony: The Elector is impressed with the skill with which his highly organised army helped defeat the Pomeranian rebellion, and renews the Chief Constable's commission for a further five years. The CC orders more cannon, and begins organising the knights into squadrons for convenience.
  • Venice continues military development. Shipwrights have stumbled into difficulties with the designs for a fast ship (OTL Barque) and are stumped by the current design; therefore several Florentine engineers come to help at the Doge's request in the matter. The new university attracts some of the brightest minds in Europe and even welcomes the son of the Moroccan Sultan leading to some rumblings among the populace. Mantua, Modena, Ferrara, Siena and Lacques continue working with the Venetian Doge. Mantua is reminded of the slight territorial gains they received from Milan thanks to Venetian help in the war just before 1450. In recognition of the efforts of the Duke of Mantua, the Doge grants the Duke the highest honour bestowable upon a foreigner, the Order of Verona.
  • Georgia begins construction on a port city on the Caspian Sea and expands to the north along its coastline. Conversions to Georgian Orthodoxy and Judaism begins to spill over into surrounding nations. Georgia begins to secretly fund and support independence movements in Circassia.
  • Oman expands 4000 sq km inland across the Omani border as Oman tries to get more of the Bedouin tribes to join Oman rather than the Aq Qoyunlu funded "Desert State". Sultan Omar ibn al Khattab seeing Aq Qoyunlu going to fight in Libya, he orders his forces to attack. The superior Omani navy defeats the Turks and Oman re-takes the islands. Naval skrimishes continue between the opposing fleets as Oman attempts to fortify its new territories. The Sultan's son Omar al Sharif leads a large force of Omani camel riders to try to take control of all the Bedouin tribes, so Oman could launch a large land assault against them.
  • Chichen Itza continues to solidify power and improve naval strength. Still no word from the exploration party.
  • By now, Majapahit has swallowed up its vassals, becoming a de jure unified state, though the vassal King have much the same powers they used to. Majapahit backs Native rebellions in Borneo and Sunda. It expands deeper into Celebes, Borneo, and Papua. More explorers from Majapahit tell of yet more far away lands such as Manu (Philippines), Omun (Oman), and the Yottama (Ottoman) Empire.
  • The English soldiers move in Ulster and the lands of the Pale to the frontiers, waiting for the results of the ongoing negotiations with Scotland. More cannioners and arquebuses are brought, but destinated to the northern border and to Ireland. Mercenaries from the Aegean Islands begin to fortify their cities as well as sending weapons and men to main England. King Edward IV writes a letter to James II stating that Scotland must accept the following conditions by 1568 at most: a) Renounce to all claim over Ireland or any English possession recognised at any time for the Pope. b) Retreat troops from the island. c) Hand to England all lands conquered by the Scots, for which England shall pay proper compensation, decided by the mediation of the Pope and the King of France. d) Sign the truce once again, promissing to not attack England or its territories or give permission to all other nations to attack and subdue Scotland.
  • In Calais, Maria keeps taking care of her new child, while her husband is in Savoy fighting the separatists. Edmund I asks Florence and Venice alliance with both Calais and England.


The Chimú are conquered by the Inca Empire.

The Second Idrissid Sultanate manages to stabilize northern Morocco under their control. Humanist ideals from the Italian Renaissance begin to dribble into Morocco. While most are rejected due to the association of the Christian religion, they do inspire the Sultan Ali Idrissi to commission the construction of universities in his nation. This sparks what could be called the Islamic equivilent to the Renaissance.

Saami tribes in the Kola peninsula officially unite to found a new Saami Kingdom out of fear of being incorporated by either the Nordic nations or Novgorod.

The Teutonic Knights, bolstered by German refugees from the west, officially establishes the new Roman Catholic Kingdom of Prussia. The Grand Master of the Teutonic Knights is officially crowned as King Ludwig I of Prussia in the capital of Riga. He marries a Livonian noblewoman to cement his rule's legitmacy. He reasserts the Prussian loyalty to the Pope, and will do his best to root out the heretical religion from his lands.

The Sibir Khanate and the Kazakh-Mongol Khanate divide the remnants of the Eastern Golden Horde between them. The two Khanates meet, to discuss possible unity.

Minangkabau begins to lose lots of territory as the surrounding nations begin to invade and divide up Minangkabau between themselves. The Sultanate of Malacca leads the alliance of nations invading Minangkabau, but a powerful Minangkabau general manages to form an alliance with the invading countries, and manages to form his own Minangkabau Sultanate from parts of former Minangkabau.

  • Ashikaga Shogunate continues to build up their military and also expands more into 北海道 (Hokkaidō) and bit more upward the 千島列島 (Chishima Islands) and Ainu still continues to be fought against. Jūzō Ayase continues story: the Akkorokamui proves to be a major challenge, though soon the young warrior, and the two female Satoris with their pet Kasha arrive to help the Miko against the Akkorokamui.
  • Portugal continues preparing its military. Meanwhile, its naval technology is also developed. Meanwhile, the rest of the Santiago Island is taken, while the colony of Cabo Verde expands more 950 sq km besides the already taken in Santiago, with the claiming of the islands of Santo Antão and São Vicente, with the settlements of Ribeira Grande de Santo Antão and São Pedro being founded, respectively on said islands. The settlement's reach in Tenerife expands as well. Meanwhile, Portuguese traders build a fortified trading post on the harbour near the Serra Leoa hills. Meanwhile, a new kind of coin known as Cruzado, due to having a picture of a cross on its reverse side, being worth 253 reais brancos, is minted.
    • Joana asks her father to help her husband against the heretic King James II of Scotland. Anne asks Afonso to convince her father.
    • Portugal asks for a explanation about what happened for this war to happen.
    • The Scottish aim to usurp Ireland, that is English territory and this is confirmed by a Papal Bull (the Laudabiter). Thus, attacking what in the eyes of both God and men is obviously English territory, the Scots break the truce.
  • The Manchurians continue expanding their country northward, and the infrastructure project is still ongoing. The Manchurians continue to expand their territory on Huatai Island. The Manchurians begin construction of an official system of universities, the likes of which are virtually unrivaled in the region. An eccentric Manchurian nobleman builds a massive, though strange, castle in the uninhabited regions north of Manchuria. He brings all the supplies he needs to build a community, and the town of Xin Harbin is founded. Inspired by the lord's idea, the Manchurian government officially commisions minor nobles to settle parts of the wilderness. This increases Manchurian expansion exponentially. NOTE: I hope I see this increased rate of expansion when 1470's map comes around.
  • Switzerland invades Savoy with full force, calling upon the rest of the HRE to bring down the might of the Imperial Hammer upon Savoy.
    • Calais will vote for force no penalty to Switzerland for the Savoian Case if Switzerland help England in its ongoing diploamtical struggle with Scotland and the possible upcoming war.
    • Isn't that a little corrupt? And how will we get there anyhow? We don't have access to any ports.
  • Korea continues to amp up their military and fund the Explorers Corps. The Philippines is now almost fully settled, and most of the savages living there exterminated. Korea begins to come out of their isolationist period and begin heavy trading with Europe.
  • The Scots continue their invasion of Ireland. King James II states that King Edward of England is clearly delusional, as seen by his inability to grasp that the Free Irish states are not part of Ireland, and illiterate, as seen by the fact that he thinks the treaty that ended the Hundred Years War states that the nations may not attack claimed territory by each other, when it only states that the nations cannot attack territory that each other actually owns. The Scots also ask the Pope to reaffirm what he is doing: currently, the Papal States are sending supplies to heretical Princes who have denied the Church the rightful tithe and refused to accept his authority, so that those heretical Princes can defy the Catholic nation of Scotland, which continues to pay the vast sums of money they owe the Papacy, and accept the Pope's ability to appoint Archbishops. Is this stance, helping heretics against Catholics, what the Pope really wants? The English were not attacking the Irish states, therefore the heresy was secure. Now, Scotland can finish the job England started. The Pope can either help the Catholic Scots bring the true faith to Ireland, or he can help the Irish heretics continue their blasphemy. Currently, he has chosen the latter. Is this the Pope's final choice?
    • Edward IV: "Ha! King James is obviously just as heretical as the usurpers who illegally hold fiefs in the English territories of Ireland. Since the Pope agreed by Bull to give England control over Ireland, though the land is now occupied by heretics, it is rightfully English, and the Irish are English people, just as Jerusalem, though occupied by Muslims, is obviously territory of Christians and Granada, though occupied by Muslims, is territory of Granada. Not acknowledging that, he only proves himself unworthy of the throne, as he refuses to aknowledge God's authority to dispose his world's lands as he decides. Also, James must be really illiterate, as he stupidly thinks the Pope is helping the usurpers of the English holds in Ireland, when the fact is that the Pope is doing nothing but support the English claims. Allow me to ask a question: Hypothetically speaking, if His Holiness, Successor of Saint Peter, decides to sign a Bull ordering the Scots to retreat, will you, James, be such a heretic and fool to defy his authority?"
    • If you had read the map game, you would find the Pope is indeed sending aid to the Irish states themselves. Plus, you do know that in reality, the Irish never left the church at all? The entire "heretics" thing was made up by an English Pope to validate an otherwise invalid invasion by the English of Ireland? The current Pope is Italian and is unlikely to care enough about the squabblings of the English, Scots and Irish to get involved to that level.
      • ...and if you read the Papal States' recent turn, Pope Paul II stopped funding the Irish. And the King is right; the Pope wasn't funding the heretics of Ireland, he was funding the ones under English control, as the Papal Bull had stated the Irish lands was under. ChrisL123 (talk)
    • If the Pope is smart enough he will help England, you're not winning this one.
  • Aq Qoyunlu continues to train its officers. Meanwhile, many troops in the Desert State are pulled north so that they can be closer to supply. The Desert State starts to develop a standing military that numbers less than 1000.
  • Circassia expands 1000 km2 into Golden Horde territory, on the other side of Georgia.
  • Muscovy, having vassalized Rostov and started the Process on Yaroslavl, begins to incorporate Rostov into the Duchy itself. Meanwhile, the army, exhausted after 16 years of near constant war, is retired, though a goodly force remains in case of attack. The growing HRE crisis begins to worry the new Tsar, Ivan the III. His father had died in the beginning of the year (yes, he lasted an extra four years ATL).
  • General Omar al Sharif leads Oman's armies expanding Oman 6,000 sq km inland as Oman forces several of the Bedouin tribes to join Oman and join the battle against Aq Qoyunlu and their "Bedouin Desert State". Oman's navy continues to dominate, often raiding the coastline of Aq Qoyunlu, however some of Aq Qoyunlu's ports are fortified with canons meaning even Oman's mighty navy cannot reach the Aq Qoyunlu ships. The Omani merchant navy also starts privateering the merchant ships of Aq Qoyunlu, with Omani merchants taking lots of Aq Qoyunlu's maritime trade. Sultan Omar ibn al Khattab is pleased with how well the war is going and decides not to end it straight away and instead deal Aq Qoyunlu a blow so deadly that Oman will go onto dominate the region for many years later. The Sultan's son General Omar al Sharif is given more troops (mostly mercenaries from aboard) and the General's starts using increasingly aggressive tactics to force the Bedouin to declare allegiance to Oman. While it does lead to more Bedouin tribes pledging alliance to Oman (mostly against their will, though), lots more Bedouin tribes start trying to contact Aq Qoyunlu and their "Bedouin Desert State" in order to join them to stop the tyranny of Oman.
  • Frederick III officially recognizes the new Saami state, and offers an alliance should they convert to Christianity. The Imperial Army prepares to invade Savoy to institute Imperial law over the country should they not agree to the court ruling. The Emperor tries to persuade Castile to accept his proposed marriage of his son. He also officialy signs the Imperial court into law. Funds are donated to reconstruct the Mausoleum at Bodrum.
    • England asks the Emperor to side with him in the struggle with Scotland.
  • Siamese troops begin being relocated to the southern point of the Kingdom for the future campaign. The expansion of Trade continues and this further pushes the creation of a navy with some 40 junk class ships (looking up chinese war ships of the era) all armed with chinese style but locally produced cannons. The agricultural reforms continueand more food is free for trade thanks to this. The Kingdom expands at last to the border of the Malacca Sultanate.
  • Papal States: Although Pius II was seen to be healthy for his age, he is found deceased in February, and a Requiem Mass is held soon after. Prayers are sent to give Pius eternal rest in Heaven. Paul Paul II is elected shortly after Pius's death. His Holiness is pleased to see the greater unification process of St. Peter, and sends men to visit the lands to ensure that the Dukes have been limited in power, and that the States have officially gained sovereignty there. In order to ensure that a civil war does not break out as a result of the unification, military expansion is put into place. Meanwhile, the Hafsid-Alfons border begins to close as the war slows down. While some refugees return home, many have converted to Catholicism and decide to remain within the territory. Profits begin to increase as agriculture and shipping increase. As well, Paul announces that he will be reversing the decision made by Pius to send aid to the Irish, and announces the States will remain neutral in the conflict. He in no way wishes to help the heretics, and instead wishes to ensure the English control over the area, hoping their Catholic efforts continue in the region soon. (Let's face it, I'm damned if I do and I'm damned if I don't.)
    • James II is glad that Paul III is more reasonable. James II announces that he is willing to divide Ireland, with the English getting the majority of the island.
    • Edward IV: "Your Holiness, do not let the heretic and temporal fool James use you in such a way. You are the representative of our Lord. I know that you, by the Holy Spirit, will take the right decision. James, inpatient and doubtful of God, thinks he can manipulate you by bribing the Vicar of Christ, but I will let you decide what has to be done."
    • Damned? If you sign a Bull ordering the Scots to retreat, you will give me a casus belli strong enough to declare Holy War. What will Scotland do? Declare war? To the Pope himself? Scotland is nothing, England is your ally and an influential country in Europe.
    • Have you even read my posts? There is no bribing going on at all. I merely stated that the Pope was being hypocritical in sending aid to supposed heretics (who were only ever heretics in English propaganda).
    • I know it is English propaganda, and my duty is to carry on (plus, the Church of Ireland really is more independent from the Pope than any non-heretic considered one).
    • Like I've said before, and I'll mention it again, the Pope wasn't helping the heretics, he was trying helping the land which English have the rights to, in order to stop Scottish expansion on the island.
    • Papal States: The Pope would like to apologize for the decision, though reassures the English that if war were to break out between England and Scotland, he will send supply aid.
  • Bavaria:The King sees no alternative but to invade Savoy, and offically declares war in September. The 1st Artillery under the Emperor's direct command sees its first taste of action and does impressivly well in a small battle. The Munchen Cathedral remains under construction. Funds are sent to Karolin. The Imperial Trade Co. merges with the Sea Guild of Genoa to form the Imperial Merchants Guild, Genoa will control the sea routes, while Bavaria controls the land routes. King Andreas II realizes he needs a bride and begins searching the royal families of Europe to find a suitable Queen that can produce an heir. Funds are also donated to the Mausoleum at Bodrom. Another old templar headquarters is unearthed near the city of Struabing, efforts begins to uncover the secrets within.
  • ​ England asks you and the rest of the HRE to side with it against the Scottish usurpers in the upcoming war. Also the Trading Guild of Calais wants to associate itself with the Imperial Trading Co.
  • Sorry my English is not great. I was merely trying to express Bavaria's goal to be holy.
  • Bavaria can't possibly help the English except by maybe persuading Burgundy to, as they are really the only HRE state that could send military aid there (other than Venice probably)
  • I am not supporting England, I know I cannot reach there. That is quite a ways away. I was refering to helping a potential crusade in Ottoman lands by giving money.
  • Baden-Wurttemberg: continues the construction of Karolin. The University of Stutgartt's Astronomy Research Guild discovers a bright star in the sky and hypothesize that this may be the planet Venus. Wurttemberg sends aid and troops to fight in Savoy.
  • Kingdom of Epirus: The King officially declares war on the Ottomans, having built up their military since 1450. The League of Lezhe joins the war, and Serbia is asked. All Christian nations are asked to help, with the promise of extra land. The King asks the Pope to call a Crusade on the Ottomans, and in return, we will help stamp out the heretic religion in Lezhe and Epirus, and promote Catholicism throughout the Kingdom. Several more carracks and caravels are created, and are promptly sent to fight the Ottomans at sea. Work begins on a cannon that can be efficiantly moved, and loaded onto a ship. The King hopes that soon we shall retake Greece from the Ottomans.
    • Papal States: The Pope is surprised at Epirus's proposal, and is intrigued by the idea of spreading Catholicism to Eastern Europe. He considers a crusade on the Ottoman Empire, though before any attack is made, he would like to know if any support would be offered.
    • Bavaria: Bavaria would support the Pope in any endeavour to spread the Faith, however, do to the Civil War, our involvment would be minimal at best. We ask that you reconsider until a time when the Catholic powers can better serve the Church.
    • Epirus: We would thank the Papal States for calling a crusade on the Ottomans, as Epirus has a slim chance of winning if no outside involvement would occur. We will gift you land if you help us, as well as the terms stated in the post.
    • Serbian Diplomacy: The King of Serbia gives full support to the Epirus Kingdom, as we Christian brothers must stick together. We mobilize 5,000 soldiers of the rapidly growing Royal Serbian Army, to fight against the Ottoman threat.
    • Papal Diplomacy: After much thought, the Pope considers declaring war on the Ottoman Empire, on the condition that it be a coalition war with Epirus, and asks if this suffices.
    • Venice, Croatia and the Byzantine Empire help Epirus and would like to gain some lands too.
    • England asks an alliance.
  • Florence devotes fully half its troops toward the Empire in the chance Savoy does not comply. It vassalizes Modena.
  • Trained Mamluk troops continue to crumble under an advance of the pretender, who seizes Mecca and crowns himself as Caliph and Protector of the Borders of Islam and the Holy Islamic Cities, and takes the name of Marwan III. As soon as troops reach the southern borders of Syria, most local Syriac inhabitants (which are starting to retake the name "Arameans" due to their wide expansion across the Middle East) declare their allegiance for Marwan, whilst others flee eastward seeking refuge in Mesopotamia, and north into Anatolia.
  • Georgia is appalled that Epirus would be so willing to give up the Orthodox faith so easily. Georgia asks Austria, The Nogai Horde, and Circassia for trade deals in order to open up new trade routes. Expansion and proselytization continue their northward march. Georgia begins to secretly funnel weapons to the more independently minded Circassians.
    • The Cirassians wouldn't revolt against Aq Qoyunlu, for many reasons. However, trade routes might be considered.
  • Burgundy: the Burgundy reinitiate settling over the Jan Mayen Islands, while small outpost in northwestern Africa continue while the islands under Burgundian control are continued claimed, the Duke continues its occupation of the Friesland, the heretic pilgrims continue arriving at the Canary Islands while the fleet continues to explore the northeastern coast of the Atlantic and trade is set to start in with Novgorod, the Duke asks for the help on settling a vassal state of Christians both Catholic and Orthodox in Crimea loyal to Burgundy and the Holy Roman Empire, the Equatorial Africa Islands continue to be used as trading outpost with Central African coast tribes, and the Emperor asks Denmark an alliance.
    • Epirus: We ask our ally to consider assisting us in the war on the Ottomans. Help would be greatly appreciated.
    • England asks Burgundy for help in the ongoing struggle and possible upcoming war with Scotland.
  • Brandenburg continues building up its navy and army. It declares Prussia a threat and enemy to the state of Brandenburg. Karl dies, Wilhelm takes the throne, he is still looking for a bride, any Catholic royal is welcome. Meanwhile it offer the Pope supplies in his latest war. (He is waging a war, isn't he?) Brandeburg is forced to attack Savoy. Troops move south through other HRE states, joining the other HRE armeis as they head for Savoy and the secessionists. Ludwig of Pomerania dies, Pomerania becomes a state of Brandeburg, which is still a state of the HRE. It asks Austria who is in charge of the Knights Hospitaller because Wilhelm is confused, Wilhelm's brothers Johann and Earl die of XYZ disease. I am running out of things to post. Brandenburg declares a five year non-aggression pact with every nation in the world unless the HRE is under attack from some enemy state. Supplies will be sent to some wars, but that is all.
    • Which war do you seem to be referring to? ChrisL123 (talk)
    • I think the Ottoman war.
    • England asks Brandenburg to avoid the heresy of James II of Scotland and his daring of bribing the Pope by making the Papal right be respected and helping England against Scotland.
    • Papal Diplomacy: The Pope has not declared war on the Ottomans, but plans to soon.
  • With the death of King Charles, his son William becomes the new King of Cerown of Aragon. Aragon asks Naples to consider reunification or royal marriage. (Can someone get me an RNG?) Meanwhile Aragon is also part of Brandenburg's non-aggression announcement, yadda yadda yadda. Aragon builds up its navy. Aragon's King is looking for a wife. Anyone want to be Queen of Aragon?
    • England asks Aragon to side with it in the struggle with Scotland. Also, Margaret (19 years of age), daughter of King Richard III and sister of Edward IV (the current monarch) would be glad to reign alongside the King of Aragon.
  • France, wanting to obey the deal it made with Scotland, agrees to provide troops. But since the navy is not at its best, they can only transport them to Scotland. In fact, to prevent attacks, all ships are to pass through Britain then move north just east of Ireland and reach Scotland. This plan is kept secret and flags are flown with fake neutral ships to ensure safety. They ask the Kingdom of Epirus if they would want any mercenaries for their war against the Ottomans. Their reforms have helped increase immigration, though all immigrants will be taught the French language and culture to easily assimilate into France. The country stockpiles on skilled workers and hopes to give more support to the middle class to develop strong businesses and a mighty financial economy.
    • Epirus: We would like some mercenaries.
    • Oh, I thought when you mentioned that earlier, I thought you meant that Aragon took over Bearn. :( Sorry. My bad. RandomWriterGuy (talk) 03:55, September 21, 2012 (UTC)
    • You're making a mistake. Scotland is not winning this war in any way possible. Join me and you will get a piece of the conquest.
    • LOL, Scotland is winning the war, look at the algorithm. You can't help Ireland because you claim they are heretics, so you would be a heretic to help them.
    • I know you're winning against the Irish. I'm not helping them. I just ask help when I declare war myself against you.
  • ​ Venice warns the HRE states that invading Savoy is not the solution to the problem and may in fact make it worse. Venetian merchants throughout the empire rush home to inform their guilds and the Doge that at least another ten states plan to support Savoy now that the Swiss are showing the true colours of the Reunification treaty. The Doge demands that Switzerland withdraw from Savoy since the former has no right to the latter's territory. In the meantime, military and cultural growth continues in Venice with the Danish Prince studying at the University of Venice. Venice continues to consolidate relations with Manuta, Modena, Ferrara, Siena and Lacques.
  • Swiss D: We are not trying to annex Savoy. Savoy will be readmitted as an imperial territory after we eliminate the existing leadership.
  • The Zulu Kingdom continues to expand northward on Madagascar, and is slowly reaching the northern tip of the island. Establishment of the infrastructure in Zulu Madagascar begins, with the chopping down of trees for footpaths and use the lumber for buildings. On mainland Africa, the Zulu expand northward along the coast, and the Zulu Army moves in and begins to incorporate hostile tribes into the army, and peaceful tribes into the Kingdom.
  • The Lakota: The Lakota continue to expand eastward and begin to build larger settlements in the lands they settle in. Military is expanded and improvised and larger settlements are built larger in the other Lakota villages.
  • Ethiopia: The Ethiopians colonize another 1,000 sq km of land, and push 500 sq km into Adal. The royal court is demanding a swift end to the war, and the Emperor states he growing tired with the generals' inability to annihilate the Adal force in a single battle. In Ethiopia proper, the Imperial road system is completed, and the education system is standardized across the empire to ensure all of the empire's subjects receive the education needed to keep the empire strong and stable.
  • China expands its military and works on making its cannons more effective in combat. Meanwhile, roads and towns continue to pop up around the Oirat provinces.
  • The Nogorodian Forces are making great strides in the war with Kazan, beating the enemy to their capital city by the year's end. The Siege begins as a siege tower is built by the Novgorod craftsmen. Even with their cannons, the Novgorodians still can't breach the walls. As the Emissaries from Asia come with barrels of black powder (so we can make our own) and fireworks, a great idea pops into the lead Voevoda's mind. He immediately orders the construction of a tunnel under the Walls of Kazan, and put almost all of the black powder they have under it, and use the fireworks to firstly terrify the inhabitants, and secondly disguise the lighting of the fuse under the walls, bringing them down with a bang. The siege is almost diminished to men waiting at the walls of the city during the winter, as the tunnel's construction finishes in January... Meanwhile, the Hanseatic League wishes to remain neutral in the conflict between England and Scotland, as they are just trade partners, and do not want to pick sides.
  • Chichen Itza rejoices as the exploration team is received after five years. The team has many marvelous stories of the new places they explored and the new creatures and peoples they encountered (they sailed around the Gulf Coast and island-hopped back to the Yucatan). The Emperor is very pleased, and prepares to send a group of settlers to populate the islands of the northeast by next year. The navy is upgraded in preparation for the journey.
  • Tibet: The Himalayan program is put on a temporary halt, though diplomats remain in Nepal and preparations are made for journeys to Kamarupa and Kashmir. Instead, the focus shifts to the north of the country, where the Khanates loom. About half the military is sent to the north (the rest remaining in Lhasa), and also, official barracks are built in Lhasa, with preparations for barracks in Shigatse and the north beginning. The fortifications are expanded, and a diplomatic mission to the Khanates is prepared.


A revolt happens on northern Kotte, led by the former Jaffnan monarch Kanakasooriya Cinkaiariyan. It is succesful, and the Jaffna Kingdom is re-established.

The Kazakh-Mongol Khanate briefly merges with the Sibir Khanate to make the Kazakh-Mongol-Sibir Khanate. However, Mamash and Godeng, unhappy with sharing power with the Sibir Khan, have him assassinated as soon as they have full control over the Sibir Khanate, and put a new, weaker Khan in place, leaving the Sibir Khanate as a mere vassal of the Kazakh-Mongol Khanate. They take half of the Sibir Khanate's land as part of this process.

The Minangkabau Sultanate begins expanding into the uncolonized islands to the west of it. This then sparks Pasai to start expanding into the northern-most island of the island chain to the west of Sumatra, otherwise known as Simeulue island. To stop any future conflict Pasai and Minangkabau sign an agreement, recognising that Pasai is in control of the northernmost island of the chain, Minangkabu controls the middle three, and Majapahit controls the southern three.

An independent expedition is launched to rediscover the fabled Vinland. It is not supported by any of the Nordic nations, and is only funded by wealthy merchants from Denmark. They succeed in making landfall in Vinland, though contact is lost with Denmark. It is assumed that the expedition fell off the edge of the world, and no expedition is made to rediscover them. They officially declare the independence of the Kingdom of Vinland, though the news of this will not reach Denmark until the New World is officially opened. They are able to use the ample stocks of fish to keep their new country fed during the winter.

Where exactly is this country located? Greenland or the North American coast?
North America.
  • Portugal continues developing its naval technology. Meanwhile, the reach of the feitoria of Serra Leoa is expanded by some 300 sq km in all directions, mostly along the harbour. Meanwhile, some other settlements are founded on Tenerife, such as São Cristóvão de Aguere, near Santiago de Anaga, but farther inland. Other settlement founded on the expansion of Portuguese reach is Tegueste, also inland, and named after the menceiato formerly located there. In total, the colony expands 650 sq km on Tenerife. Another outpost is founded on the African coast, but farther north (OTL Bissau) than Serra Leoa.
  • Ashikaga Shogunate continues to build up their military and also expands more into 北海道 (Hokkaidō) and bit more upward the 千島列島 (Chishima Islands) and Ainu still continues to be fought against. Jūzō Ayase continues story: the young warrior, Miko, the two female Satoris with their pet Kasha continue fighting against the Akkorokamui, and wins and saves the seas; afterward, the young warrior and Miko continue going sailing and two female Satoris with pet Kasha travel home again.
  • The Manchurians continue expanding their country northward, and the infrastructure project is still ongoing. The Manchurians continue to expand their territory on Huatai Island.
  • The Scottish forces have seized a large portion of Northern Ireland. King James II, eager to prove to the Pope that he is no heretic like the English say, marches into an Irish church in the conquered territory, demanding that they accept the Catholic Church doctrine. The Irish priests are confused, and tell the Scottish King that they accept the Catholic doctrine, and that they are in communion with the Holy See. James asks them where he may find the dangerous heretics, yet the response given by the Irish is that there are no known heretics in Ireland. James II orders a full-fledged investigation of the situation of Christianity in the territory of the free Irish states that is occupied by Scotland.
    • Edward IV: "No information provided by the Scots should be heard. If they wanted information, why not investigate before breaking the Papal Bull and proceed to directly break it? No, His Holiness must not hear the stupidities of the mouth of a heretic and childly temporal Prince. If the Irish accept the Holy See, why would the Pope have signed a Bull putting on the English the duty of convert him to proper liturgy? Are you suggesting that the Pope was an ignorant and you know more about his subject Christian than himself?"
    • The English will have no idea what James is doing in an occupied Irish city. I should have clarified that his investigation is being carried out in the areas they own, the English would find nothing out about it.
  • England works on its navy, now with military purposes, bringing sailors and artillery from the island in the Aegean Sea. If Scotland does not retreat from Ireland by the next year, the King will have no choice but to declare Holy War. Joana sends a letter to her father asking for Portuguese's support. Edward IV asks the Princes of Europe to support him. Meanwhile, he sends a letter to the Pope: "I have not asked the secular ministry God has put on me. It is the hardest duty to protect the fellow Christians from heresy and corruption, but we cannot change what is done. It is my born duty to defend my Kingdoms from Scotland, and I hope you will find a solution to this problem, no matter what it is." The Anglo-Irish lords, fearing further Scottish expansion (sentiment provoked by English propaganda) decide to swear loyalty to Edward in Dublin and meet a parliament. In the Aegean islands, George of Clarence is sent as Royal Bailiff. From there, he supports the commercial efforts of England as well as the military protection of the Papal States by sending supplies to the Knights of Saint Petroc.
  • Edmund I of Calais asks the Emperor to call the Conclave on the subject of Holy War against Scotland in protection of the Laudabiter Bull and the supremacy of the Pope over all temporal Princes.
    • If England is on the war, why it isn't on the algorithm?
    • England is not on the war, but planning to declare one by the next if year if the Scots don't hold back.
  • Bavaria expands the military and declares neutrality in any upcoming conflict unless provoked. The King announced that Bavaria needs time to focus on its intellectual and religous pursuits and has announced a five year non-aggression pact with all nations. The Imperial Merchant Guild accepts Calais' proposal. The Guild grows this year, bringing in numerous amounts of resources and money to the Crown. Bavaria mints its own coin called the Regius, to help bolster trade. Its value is reoughly equivalent to the Ventian Lyre. Funds are sent to Karolin to continue the construction of the Imperial Capital. The Munchen Cathedral continues construction. The King asks the Imperial High Court to allow Savoy to be re-admitted to the Empire.
  • Baden Wurttemberg continues construction of Karolin. Work on the Imperial Quarter continues, with the Imperial Hospital being completed by the end of this year.
  • The Novgorodian Armies deploy their secret plan. Under the noise of the fireworks show, the citizens and armies of Kazan were too busy looking up at explosions in the air, and not paying enough attention to the sound of the crumbling walls. The City is sacked in the night, and much of the Khan's guard is slaughtered. Meanwhile, the Veche appoints The current Posadnik of Novgorod Prince due to his good way of managing things, and gives him a less severe ryad. He appoints Alexander Petrovich Garachkin as the new Posadnik to take his place. This is the first time the Novgorodians really have chosen a man of the land to be the Prince, but only because he was their de facto ruler since 1450s. He ages, however, and celebrates his 45th brithday next year. Meanwhile, the forces of Kazan are being held at the gates of the Kazan Kremlin, and after much effort, and a decoy bomb, the Novgorodians were able to peak through the gates and capture the Khan, forcing him to convert to Orthodoxy (in fear of the killing of his entire family), and bow down in subordination to the Prince of Novgorod, and pronounce him the sole legitimate ruler of the Kazan territory (also under the same threat...except his armies were defeated). However, it was not until June that the Novgordian domination had been complete, splinter divisions of the former Kazan armies controlled the southeast, but were disposed of by the end of the year, and Novgorod is now in full control over the Kazan Khanate. Meanwhile, The Novgorodians in the Hanseatic League encourage the traders to discourage the supremacy of the Pope in temporal affairs (partly due to the fact that they are Orthodox instead of Catholic Christians). The Hanseatic League (an independent unit) tries to regain its former glory, and is almost up to its old strength.
  • Korea continues to amp up their military as well as fund their Explorers Corps. The Explorers Corps makes its way down as far as Australia, mapping out the sea as they go along. The interior continues to be improved, especially for its peasants. The Korean army also undergoes reform from just a bunch of conscripts to a highly trained and disciplined army.
  • Muscovy, in its process of vassalization of Yaroslavl, encounters severe difficulty due to the Yaroslavan resistance. However, it is nothing that cannot be handled, as public demonstarions and the subserviece of the Grand Duke greatly aids it. As a result, Muscovian control over Yaroslavl's military is practically total, with Muscovian officers leading and training them. The armies of Muscovy pushes for the last assault, to take the Duchy of Tver. It is expected that war will be declared next year. Novgorod is congratulated on their dominance of the Kazan Khanate. Meanwhile, fearful of a second Golden Horde, Muscovian assassins posing as traders attempt to assassinate Godeng and Mamash, but fail. All the assassins are killed, with just one succeeding in throwing his dagger at Godeng's heart while he marched out of the camp at the head of his armies. The assassins leave behind evidence (MOOHAHAHHAHA) that it was Ryazan that did this.
    • I would like it if you removed the part about the assassination, since that would pretty much destroy the fragile Dual Khanate, and ruin all of the years of planning this and making this Khanate be built up obsolete.
    • -_- awww... anyway, my goal is achieved (blaming the Ryazan).
    • They are still very powerful and you could see how Russian states would view them as a potential threat (Mongol Nation becoming more and more powerful bordering Russia and only less than 15 years after the end of 300 or so years of Mongol domination). One of the things I was thinking was how to get rid of these United Khanates without being a total douchebag about it (since somebody obviously put an effort into building it up). It's very much blocking trade and expansion to the Black Sea and the Pacific.
      • There's a reason that their algorithm bonus only will last for 15 years (until 1478...)
  • Siam continues building up the new navy to eventually help with trade and the future expansion, into the Malay States. The agricultural growth continues and this promotes a small population growth. The unification of Siam and Sukhothai continues and is nearing completion as more Thai speakers begin moving into Sukhothai. The occupation of Cambodia continues and plans to vassalize the state begin. The army is expanded and local production of firearms continues.
  • Frederick III offers a treaty to Savoy: If they rejoin the Empire, then no war will occur and Savoy can be both an electorate and have its own sphere of influence. Can a mod please look at that and see if Savoy accepts? Military forces are built up along the Austrian states, and are shipped somewhere to prepare for a military invasion somewhere else.
    • The Savoyards aren't stupid, they'll know that they would get killed in the war, so they will accept the treaty for now. But they still would prefer to be independent, so if the HRE seems weak in the future, they might be less loyal...
    • Frederick III commends Savoy on its good sense.
  • Aq Qoyunlu continues training its officers. The Desert State has abandoned the idea of a standing army, as no tribe is willing to support them. Meanwhile, the Aq Qoyunlulular have advanced on most of Tunisia. Whilst in the Maghreb, some soldiers are sent to help the Moroccans stabilise their country, as a sign of friendship. Also, the fighting in Oman continues as Qoyunlular army clashes many times with the Omani army winning large victories, but never actually able to invade Oman.
  • Circassia expands another 1000 km2 into Golden Horde Territory on the other side of Georgia.
  • Papal States: The Pope decides that a crusade against the Ottomans is acceptable, but will issue the attack as a coalition attack with Epirus. The Pope wishes this "crusade" could bring Catholicism to the Ottomans, and possibly converting the Sultan (note: Pius II made a crusade on the Ottomans OTL and actually sent a letter to the Sultan requesting he convert, so this isn't totally out of line). As a result of the war, military expansion continues, and vessels stationed on the coast of St. Peter are sent to help Epirus, Albania (and Serbia?). He requests that any other nation willing to help would be blessed (in particular Venice, from where Pope Paul was born). Meanwhile, the Pope sends a letter to the King of England stating that, while aid to Ireland was futile, he will do all he can to aid the English in the event of war between Scotland and England.
    • The Grand Duchy of Bavaria, seat of the Benches of Bishops of the Holy Roman Empire, (if any doubt read the bottom of the Constitutionem Sacri Romani Imperii; Constitution of the HRE which explains) answers the call and will join (I will send troops and supplies through Venice).
    • The Electorate of Brandenburg and the Crown of Aragon are both in agreement to sending supplies to the Pope in his Holy War.
    • England thanks deeply in his heart for His Holiness' favor. He will be unable to send supplies to the crusade while the war with Scotland is going on, but the Knight of Saint Petroc and the English Aegean Island will help as much as they can (this would count as military aid). Edward IV: "I shall have James the Unworthy out of Ireland and off the throne if he forces me to do so. I shall permit no heretic reign on Catholic lands".
    • Switzerland pledges military support to both England and the Pope.
    • Genoa (Milan) is willing to help the Pope.
    • Papal States: The Pope deeply appreciates the aid, and blesses the soldiers and knights in the "crusade".
  • Brandenburg continues its neutrality period under Wilhelm and all the while builds up its military: army and navy. The draft introduced by Frederick is dropped for now but Wilhelm plans to reintroduce it later. A movement begins to abolish serfdom Empire-wide but lots of people (aka merchants and rich people) disagree.
  • Aragon continues its neutrality period under King William and builds up its separate navy and army too. The draft introduced by Charles in Aragon is removed too.
  • Georgia continues to build on their new port which has become an increasingly Jewish city and open trade routes in the Caspian especially along the Circassian coastline. The city of Tbilisi continues to grow and modernize with the construction of a large Orthodox cathedral begins along with improvement of infrastructure in the city. The military is improved with the addition of some firearms.
  • Marwan III continues expanding, now securing a foothold over Palestine, Jordan and Sham, and preparing to march over Egypt. Syriacs that don't trust Marwan continue moving out into Mesopotamia and Anatolia, whilst Copts begin to grow weary of the tribal squabbling by Mamluks and think of passing over to Marwan.
  • The Emperor of Chichen Itza commands the settlement of the new lands. An expansion team sets up a permanent settlement in OTL Guadiana Bay. The settlers begin gathering food, animals and other various items to send back to the mainland. The economy sees a slight increase because of this. The navy is upgraded to increase shipping capacity.
  • Saxony The Prince of Anhalt dies, leaving his son-in-law, Ernest, second son of the Saxon Elector, the Princely throne. Ernest travels to his father in Saxony to declare his loyalty and service to him.
  • France agrees to accept full support for the Scots against the English, hoping to at least honor their alliance and hopefully to regain honor after the Hundred Years' War. Hearing the rumours of the expedition to the fabled Vinland in the west, the King is considering working with Denmark and asks it if it can do so. Meanwhile, they begin control over the Ilhas Do Sotavento, but ask the Portuguese if they can claim rights to Boa Vista. Meanwhile, hearing news of the crusade, France agrees to sell any mercenaries to the crusaders, but cannot join to the other problems. Meanwhile, designs of Roman cities are being brought to Paris, where architects and governmental officials can remake their cities in the Roman image. They officially declare the annexation of the Bourbon state (look, it is possible to get rid of a royal family in one turn, OK? So please hope this is plausible).
    • ​With the destruction of the House of Bourbon their lands became French... Watch the game and look at the map please...
  • Venice congratulates Savoy on its return to the HRE bringing back the other four states with it. The Doge reveals to the Emperor that had the war continued then at least ten other HRE nations would have revolted in favor of Savoy and leaving the Empire. Thus, the Doge recommends that the Emperor and his allies commit no wars or persuasive takeovers on HRE states. Venice develops its military and forts and along with Manuta, sends a warning to Milan to butt out of the Venetian sphere of influence. The Doge continues to work more closely with the rulers of Manuta, Modena, Ferrara, Siena and Lacques, most of whom share some resentment toward the Milanese state. (Milan fought with Modena, Mantua and Siena recently). A Venetian expedition leaves for the Sibir-Kazakh Khanate (similar to Marco Polo in the 13th century).
    • Milan feels threatened by your actions, and you should read what someone said to you before. You are influencing too many nations, and sorry about Mantua, Wikipedia mislead me about my relationship with Ludovico.
    • Venice replies that Milan has nothing to worry about since Venice is focusing on a more southerly route to the Western Med Sea. That post on influencing too many nations was where they mistook my action for vassalizing all of them. In reality influencing these nations is akin to influencing five different cities.
  • Tibet continues increasing the infrastructure of the north, as the Khanates there continue to gain power, though none have turned their attention to Tibet. The nation asks Siam for military assistance should the Khanates attack Tibet. Plans are also made to popularise Buddhism in states such as Kashmir and Kamarupa, though these are considered less important for now.
  • General Omar al Sharif leads Oman's armies expanding Oman 500 sq km inland as Oman forces several of the Bedouin tribes to join Oman and join the battle against Aq Qoyunlu and their "Bedouin Desert State". Increasingly more Bedouin tribes people start to become hostile toward Oman. Disgusted with Oman's tyranny and opressive techniques used on the Bedouin, the Bedouin majority areas of Oman begin to revolt. This sends General Omar al Sharif's army into chaos as their supply lines are cut, and his army is eventually defeated after the army revolted and the rest of the loyal Omani troops died of dehydration or hunger. Oman loses a lot of ground to Aq Qoyunlu in the desert, but Oman keeps Aq Qoyunlu in check at sea, thanks to its superior navy. Taimur bin Said leads the Bedouin revolt in Oman, as he declares himself leader of the Bedouin. His Bedouin armies begin to take over a lot of land from Oman, and they also expand into the desert too. Sultan Omar ibn al Khattab is shocked at how badly the war has now turned for Oman, and he quickly begins organising a new grand army to protect Oman proper from Taimur bin Said's invading Bedouin army.
  • China continues to expand its military. The Chinese offer Tibet a joint-invasion of the Khanates (Smaller Khanates) at some point in the near future. Spies are sent to the Smaller Khanates to see what the Khanates are up to.
  • The Zulu continue to expand northward along the coastline of Africa, adding 1,000 sq m of land to the Zulu Kingdom. On Madagascar, the Zulu Outpost is turned into an official settlement, and improvement of the infrastructure begins in that Zulu region. The Zulu Kingdom lays claim to all of Madagascar, and prepares to establish an outpost on the northern region of the island to protect its claims there.
  • Milan: Carlo Gonzaga is brought to Milan and the Sforza gives him the government from D'Asti. The army is built up with new recruits and more weapons and cannons because Milan feels very threatened by some Italian states. The marriage between Galeazzo Sforza and Dorotea is over because some weird sickness killed her. Many poor Milanese are send to D'Asti and Genoa, and many workers from those places came to Milan. Many troops are send to D'Asti to "protect the Emperor's authority", and regain Milanese control over D'Asti. The weapons industry starts to grow up in Milan. Alessandro Sforza meet with Francesco Sforza with the purpose of expanding Genoan influence. We ask Florence for a marriage between Galeazzo and the Medici heiress.
  • D'Asti: The population of D'Asti is resentful with Savoy and D'Asti rulers for having surrendered and left them alone to suffer the enemy - surrendered to Milanese authority and accepted Carlo Gonzaga as Protector of D'Asti. The first actions from Carlo are to repair war damages and hunt down the rebels. The old D'Asti aristocracy is executed and their lands are given to the loyalist and Milanese allies. D'Asti commerce is now under the Imperial Merchant Guild control.
  • Genoa: Campofregoso, Doge of Genoa and Alessandro Sforza, Lord of Pessaro, offers the Pope a deal: Pessaro plus a coastal town in Corsica and money in exchange of a colony in Cape of Alfons and the promise that all trade in the Cape will be only done by the Imperial Merchant Guild, the Papal States and the local. A few new and better ships are built.
    • Papal States: The Pope, after consulting with the Church and several Dukes, rejects the offer.


The Vinlanders begin to intermarry with the local Beothuk tribes, as they are certain contact with Denmark isn't going to be re-established. Much of the Beothuk are either dead or dying from diseases brought from the Old World. The Vinlanders begin to expand their territory through the island of Vinland, as much of the territory has had its Beothuk population decimated by the ongoing epidemic.

The Zanzibrans continue the expansion of their nation. Their territory officially surrounds their vassal state of Mombasa. The Zanzibran Sultan plans on making his country the greatest country in East Africa.

The Minangkabau Sultanate and Pasai both continue expanding into their respective territories in the island chain to the west of Sumatra.

Aww, nothing about the failed assassination attempt on the dual Khanate by "Ryazan?"

I'll have them do something next year, they need time to regroup their forces before they invade any more places.

  • Ashikaga Shogunate continues to build up their military and also expands more into 北海道 (Hokkaidō) and bit more upward the 千島列島 (Chishima Islands) and Ainu still continues to be fought against.
  • The Manchurians continue expanding their country northward, and the infrastructure project is still ongoing. The Manchurians continue to expand their territory on Huatai Island.
  • Korea continues to amp up their military, as well as the Explorers. The settling of the Philippines and Formosa are increased dramatically and Formosa becomes a major military base for the Korean navy. A small garrison of forces is stationed there, as well as a few ships. The Korean navy also continues to go through revamp, with ships now being designed as weapons of war, not transports for soldiers, as many nations view it as.
  • Portugal continues developing its naval technology. Meanwhile, after receiving the French question of whether they claim the island of Boa Vista or not, they reply that not. Meanwhile, the reach of the trading post north of Serra Leoa is expanded by 450 sq km, along the coast and a bit inland. The area now is known as Guiné. Another post is established farther north, almost bordering one nation. The place is near a river, which is then named Cacheu. Meanwhile, the reach of the settlements on Tenerife expands by 500 sq km, this time focusing on the northern littoral. Meanwhile, it still doesn't understand why England is already asking it to join a war if they themselves hadn't joined it yet.
  • D'Asti: Carlo Gonzaga marry an Aleramici from the Montferrat loyalists, the trade with Montferrat is slowly recovering from the war, as some rebels are now dedicated to banditry. The reconstruction advances fast as Milan sends help. Most officials are now loyalist soldiers.
  • Genoa: The Doge Campofregoso and Alessandro Sforza offer to Calais the possesion of Pesaro, with only a symbolic payment and the promise that Pesaro will remain under the Imperial Merchant Guild (IMG) economic influence and the Catholic influence of the Papal States, promising to help the Pope in any time of crisis or war. More research into ships is made by the Sea division of the IMG, better ships are started to be built.
  • The Scots have solidified and established their control over the northern 14.83% of Irish territory. King James' investigation shows that the Irish churches are not in heresy, and in fact had pretty much never been in any serious rebellion against the church, certainly not for the past couple centuries at least. He sends a messenger, Domhnall Lennox II, to the Papal states. There, Domhnall gives the following message, in the form of a verbal speech, to the Pope:
"Your Holiness, we of Scotland apologize that you have been troubled by such a great scandal and threats of war in the British Isles. What should have been the mere squabbling of Irish Princes and Scottish and English Kings now has, through the Scottish alliance with France and the English alliance with the Holy Roman Empire, the threat to plunge all of Europe and by extension all of Christiandom into war. No one wants the Catholic world to be torn apart by violence.
Yet we, in our conquest of the northern Irish territories, have made a most horrible discovery: the war in Ireland as waged by the English, was waged under false pretenses. The Irish are not in rebellion, and have been loyal Catholics for centuries. The English Kings lied. They lied to the Church. They lied to the Pope. They lied so that the Church would back their invasion of Ireland. The Church had no way of knowing, they were involved in the more important tasks of Christianizing the conquered Moors of Iberia and the Poles and Lithuanians in the east. They should have been able to trust the English monarchs, alas that those monarchs lied. Now those Kings are exposed for the liars and foes of the One True Church. Now is the time for the Papacy to act, to declare that no nation has any special claim over Ireland, and that the only claim can be made is through the conquest of the Irish Princes
Edward II, the current King, is not to blame. He had no way of knowing his predeccessors lied. He thinks he is fufilling God's will, as any good Christian should. I beg you not to take any action against him, for a wrathful King who feels betrayed by the Pope could very well break the unity of Western Christiandom that has been only so recently restored. We do not want to waste any of our lives in a pointless war with England, and I am sure he does not want to waste English lives. I am sure the French and Germans and Italians and whoever else may be dragged into this war do not wish to have any of their people die. I am sure that you do not want the Christian war devastated by war.
So I beg you to act! Denounce that Papal Bull, created under false circumstances. Tell the English King that there is no religious conflict in Ireland, only territorial. Tell the Holy Romans that if they are plunged into war with France and Scotland, it will be solely for the English's territorial gains, and not for religion. You, the Pope are the greatest peacemaker in the world. Please, prevent this conflict from spreading. Prevent any nations from being dragged into a war among us small British nations. Prevent the war from engulfing Europe, for the sake of all Catholic nations."
How will the Pope respond?
  • As Oman's war rages on, General Omar al Sharif is killed by Taimur bin Said after the Omani General was captured. Sultan Omar ibn al Khattab is greatly dismayed by the death of his eldest son, and begins forming a new even larger army to go crush Taimur bin Said's Bedouin army. The Omani navy is also defeated in a naval battle after a surprise attack by the Aq Qoyunlu fleet caught the Omani main fleet off guard. With Oman's great navy fatally wounded and a new Omani army being raised, the Omani Imamate begin to fear for the continuation of the Omani state itself. As such they set out a scheme to kill Sultan Omar ibn al Khattab to stop him from completely ruining the country. After gaining support from Aq Qoyunlu, the Omani Imamate sends assassins to kill the Sultan and his family. With the ruling family of Oman now all dead, the Omani Imamate council declares the foundation of the divine rule of the Omani Imamate. The Sultanate of Oman ends, and the Imamate of Oman begins once more. The ruling Imam council starts negotiating terms of surrender with Aq Qoyunlu and Taimur bin Said. The war ends as Oman cedes most of the disputed islands to Aq Qoyunlu and the two nations establish sea borders splitting up the Persian Gulf between themselves. The Sultan of Aq Qoyunlu also gains the title of Sultan of Oman, but he holds little power over Oman properly as all the real power in Oman lies with the Imamate. Oman also gives up its southernmost territories to Taimur bin Said who unites these territories and his own land into the Emirate of Shaybah.
  • Emir Taimur bin Said of Shaybah establishes his new state this year, and sets out having his Emirate expanding to control more coastline. He also sets about building a temporary capital in his tribe's homeland, but he plans for a grand new capital to be built along the coast in Ghānah. As port Ghānah continues to be built, he gets several rich Omani merchants to invest in the project to build the new capital and port city. He also tries to build some forms of infrastructure but most of the Emir's riches are spent on building his new capital city of Ghānah.
  • Kingdom of Epirus: With the Epirus-Ottoman war having turned in the Epirise and their allies' favor, King Leonardo and the Pope begin discussing dividing up the Ottomans' land. If we win this war, the Papal States will gain land near OTL Antalya. Meanwhile, a son, Philip is born to King Leonardo and Queen Milica. Primitive cannons are beginning to be loaded onto Epirise caravels. Work begins on primitive arquebuses to be used by the army.
  • Aq Qoyunlu keeps training its officers. Meanwhile, the Qoyunlulular occupy the new Imamate to get away from more trouble and so the Imamate doesn't turn against them, and so they can help the new Imamate's army. Aq Qoyunlu demands Taimur to also pledge allegiance to Aq Qoyunlu.
    • Emir Taimur bin Said knowing his nation isn't the most prosperous decides that he will pledge allegiance to Aq Qoyunlu and make his Emirate subordinate to Aq Qoyunlu if Aq Qoyunlu agrees to help finance the building of Shaybah's new capital and infrastructure.
  • Circassia expands 1000 km2 into Golden Horde territory, on the other side of Georgia.
  • The Novgorodian shipbuilders build their first European-styled ship. Meanwhile, the Naval Jack is chosen, and it is St Andrew's cross in blue on a white plain (St Andrew being the Patron saint and bringer of Christianity to Russia). The Novgorodians attempt to stabilize the Kazan Khanate, especially since there is some guerrilla warfare going on. The Novgorodians offer their hand in trying to defeat the Ottomans, hoping to open up trade in the Mediterranean, and also hoping that their alliance with Poland-Lithuania will allow the Novgorodian navy to pass through their land (with or without supervision). Meanwhile, the Hanseatic League does more to regain dominance, and more trade competition is going on in Germany. Meanwhile, the Hanseatic league Opens up a quarters in Moscow, and in Kazan, and the structure is reformed to add a division, the Eastern District. The Novgorodians push to try to have trade posts opened up in France, and try to expand the league inland, but with little success.
  • Florence begins building up its navy, both mercantile and military, hoping to spread their economic ventures across the Mediterranean.
  • Frederick III decides to start his own crusade, but against a different target. Taking advantage of the untenable defenses that the Mongolian Khanates are facing, Holy Roman troops invade the Crimean Khanate to advance Christianity and Holy Roman trade.
    • Bavaria will support you but must request some land in return if successful.
    • Let us divide the land after we win. How are you supporting? Militarily or Supplies?
    • As we are not at war with anyone, I think I can aid militarily. Can you also add supplies while doing military?
  • The King of Bavaria, upon hearing the disturbing news provided by Scotland, immediately orders the Bavaria- Wurttemberg Staatsrat (state council) to convene on the issue. The King is concerned because of the alliance with England, yet we have a solemn duty to protect and defend the Holy Church. The Cathedral of Munchen nears completion, reports conclude the Cathedral will be finished by 1470. Work on several new frescos are ordered. Bavaria acknowledges support for the Austrian crusade. Diplomats are sent to Savoy to repair the damaged relations between our two nations. We hope to have a friendly relationship in the future. The IMG opens trade routes through Baden-Wurttemberg, into France and North into Saxony as well as farther East through Austria and Hungary. A mutual trade pact is offered to Hungary. Diplomats are also sent to Hungary in hopes of putting the past behind us and to unite Christendom in the event of a Muslim threat. The military is expanded.
  • Baden-Wurttemberg continues construction of Karolin, where the Conclave of Kings building is finally completed on the exterior. Work now begins on the inside. Trade booms due to the increasingly powerful IMG's trade routes bringing in money and trade from France and the North.
  • Switzerland founds the Swiss Trade Guild, hoping to bring money into the nation. Trade routes are established into neighboring states, including Savoy. Diplomats are sent to Savoy to mend relations. Switzerland recalls military support for England, for now.
  • The Mamluk Empire continues to collapse under Marwan III's advance, who, although set behind after losing a large amount of his army in the Sinai and defeating Caliphate forces in OTL Port Said, are delivered a crippling blow by the Copt administration forfeiting the treasury, swearing fealty to Marwan and fleeing into Marwan-held Suez with as much gold as they can. Retaliations by the Mamluk government are not efficient due to the instability of the late Mamluk government.
  • Alodia attempts to stay away from the fighting up north in the Mamluk Empire, and instead focuses on expanding northward 500 sq km through the Nile River.
  • Georgia fearing the whole region may destabilize due to the collapse of the Mamluk Empire builds up fortifications - especially in Terbizond. Georgia expands north and offers to aid the Catholics in their war against the Crimean Khanate for a piece of the pie after the war. The road network and cities are improved.
  • England brings more and more weaponry from Germany and Italy. Edward IV, ashamed of the news brought by Scotland, writes to all the Christian Princes: "Fellow Princes and bishops, united by the ministry in service of God that He has put on us, I feel nothing but shame before James II's heresies. He, who has illegally invaded Ireland, thinks he knows more about my subject than myself. He insinuates that the Pope was and is an ignorant, with profanities such as "the Church has no way to know", "lies to the Pope"... Does James know that God is almighty and He sees everything? Does he think the Pope can be laid to, that the Church can be fooled, that the Pope would decree a Bull with no knowledge and over false data? If the only thing he wanted to do was investigate, why not send investigators and inquisitors to Ireland before this all happened? Now is when he investigates, when the land is occupied and he decides what to tell as true or false. We can let him insult the Papacy and England and oppress the Irish further. Therefore, I, Edward of the House of York, the Fourth of my Name, King of England and Lord of Ireland, call for Holy War against James of the House of Stewart, the Second of his Name. I shall see him off the throne of Scotland or apologizing before His Holiness for thinking him a fool. I call you all, good Princes by God crowned, to teach this heretic that no one is over God, and no one can defy His will without being punished by His hand." The English army and navy attack the Scottish bases on Ireland, supported by the lords of the English Ireland. Meanwhile, the army marches north crossing the frontier. Many former aristocrats and frontiersmen feel oppressed by this new and more "nationalist" government, and join the English armies in the fight.
    • I corrected it to Stewart, as the Stuarts were their less-fortunate cousins, who didn't come to power until Elizabeth of England had Mary of the Stewarts deposed. I do like how the Scots gave a dramatic and eloquent speech where they blamed only the past Kings and gave gratuitous compliments to the Pope and even the English King, while the English's speech is basically just a slew of insults against Scotland and their King.
    • This is politics, not poetry :P. I would have a more convincing and romantic speech, but I planned Edward IV to be easily irritable and impatient. Two characteristics I feel I will repent of. Anyway, he is really convinced of his divine right to rule over Ireland and is really irritated for this matter.
  • Edmund I of Calais sends his navy to fight Scotland and cut off the trade routes. He calls for the Emperor and members of the Holy Roman Empire to remember his war is supported by no one other than the Pope himself, and Richard III and Edward IV have been the most loyal allies of the Empire in recent times, and asked nothing in reward. Edmund accepts Pessaro, but, instead of adding it to his domain, decides to transform it into the main base of the Order of Saint Petroc.
  • France's King begins looking for beautiful daughters and sons from all over France to serve either as heirs or couple mates for the royal family. He begins a tour all over the country, not just to observe the economic projects, but for any women and men that could be useful. Concerned that the war in the British Isles will becoming more religious, they cut down on aid in order to appease the Pope. Hoping to take control of most of the continental France area, they prepare for war against Britanny.
    • Edward IV: "I have nothing but gratitude to the King of France for being loyal to the truce and to the Church. We will not forget this act of Christian brotherhood and loyalty easily."
  • The Zulu Kingdom continues to expand northward and westward 500 sq mi each way, bringing another 1000 miles under the control of the Zulu. In Madagascar, the Zulu Southern Colony expands northward and eastward 200 sq mi, bringing a total of 400 sq mi of southern Madagascar underneath Zulu control. The Zulu Northern Colony expands southward and eastward, bringing 100 sq mi of northern Madagascar under the control of the Zulu. The Zulu Army moves in and begins to remove hostile natives from the region. In Madagascar, the Zulu Colonial Army brings the hostile natives under control as well as building permanent homes and footpaths for the colonist to live and use.
  • Saxony The Elector is of the opinion that Scotland is correct, and cuts off diplomatic relations with England for the present, citing their illegal invasion of Ireland.
    • Edward IV: "You mistake by giving ears to the lies of King James. We know there are no words as sweet to the senses as those of the devil, but only God speaks the truth, and he has given my ancestors the divine right to rule over Ireland."
  • A Siamese Naval vessel while on a trade route to India accidentally came across the Adaman Islands and seeing it is informed to the capital were the King finds it a good place for a trading post, and future colonization of the island is planned. The military continues to be ramped up and is now standing at a 40,000 strong army. Unification of the two Kingdoms reaches its final administrative preparations. The economy continues to grow. The navy is slightly expanded as the future war with Malacca is planned.
  • Muscovy continues to pump up the army, though war isn't declared on Tver as of yet (it's 15 years for the recent wars thing to wear off, right?).
    • Rostov sends troops to the Tver border, though there is much dissent, given that not long ago Tver were their allies.
    • Yaroslavl, now a full vassal, does the same.
    • Novgorod asks the permission to name the next knyaz-nametstnik of Pskov.
  • Croatia sends 10,000 men to the Byzantine Empire to prepare for the invasion. The country continues its building projects with the city of Zagreb experiencing a surge of culture.
  • The Byzantine Empire prepares a meagre force of 5,000 Greeks in order to attempt to reclaim their lost lands.
  • Venice launches its military campaign against the Ottoman Empire with the combined force of 50,000 men surging across the Corinth Wall. The well trained army rapidly advances into Macedonia after an epic victory at the Second Battle of Thermopylae where 5000 Venetians and Greeks defeated a force of 10,000 Janissaries. With Epirus advancing to the west and Serbia from the north, Ottoman forces are forced to withdraw into Bulgaria and Thrace. The Byzantine troops are eager to retake their capital. Venice in the meantime grows thanks to the loot from the war. Mantua and Modena are persuaded to send an expedition while Siena sends a small fleet to help in the war against the Ottoman Empire. With the war effort, the states of Mantua, Modena and Siena grow closer to Venice.
  • The Lakota: Some Lakotan settlers continue to expand east but some are sent northwest to follow some game. Military is updated.
  • Chichen Itza continues expansion in the new land, which they call Ceatl (meaning one water, referring to the ocean surrounding it) <get it, Ceatl, Seattle>. Another land is discovered to the east (Hispaniola), and the Emperor gives the land to his second-born son, effectively creating a vassal (his first-born son will succeed him as Emperor). The Navy is upgraded and the new settlements flourish with trade.
  • Burgundy: The Duke continues the exploration of the northern sea. While this, Jan Mayen Island, Santa Luzia and Maio islands continue to be settled, and the small outpost in North Western Africa initiates growing, while the islands southern and the small, the settlements in the islands Elobey and Corisco and the conflict with Crimea continues as the Duke initiates campaign to take over Crimean Peninsula in the name of the Roman Emperor Frederick III, the Epirus War Against the Ottomans, our support is given (I know it's late) the army of 10,000 is sent through the fleet to the Epirus mainland, while this exploration on Northern West Africa continues, while the vassalization of Friesland and its occupation continues, while the Duke sends an ultimatum to the Duke-leadership of Friesland, while this trading continues with the Mali Empire, and the settlements of Maio in Cabo Verde Continues, we ask France and Portugal for a Division on the islands. England's ask for an alliance is accepted, and we might help in any upcoming conflict with Scotland.
    • Also - why are those red spots in Africa? Are they the borders or what? I don't really know how the map was set in the original principia moderni. Is it a border or English settlements?
    • It is an English settlement.
    • I meant the reddish color surrounding the terrains under both Burgundian and Portuguese domains.
    • If the border is red, that means it is a colony.
  • Papal States: The Pope wishes that the crusade on the Ottoman Empire end by the next year, in order to have a war with little casualties. He asks if that the Sultan is captured, he will not be killed, and that the war will only bring Catholicism to the land and not dissolve it. Meanwhile, after months of contemplation and discussion, His Holiness Paul II writes two letters to the Kings of Scotland and England:
"King Edward and James, bestowed your reign from the divine right of the Lord your God, you have placed me in a time of great question and controversy. The Lord has spoken with me in my time of dismay, and I have asked Him what should be done concerning this Holy War, and He has blessed me with an answer.
"This war, if not avoided, will cost the lives of thousands of Catholics. As the Scottish messenger has mentioned, it may cause the dismay and collapse of the Catholic faith. This is not what the Lord intends. Let me proclaim this: the Church does not condone the crusade put in place by Scotland on Irish Catholics; it is our firm belief that the invasion put in forth by Henry II had succeeded in sowing the seeds of virtue and Catholicism. However, we cannot stand by and know that fellow Irish Catholics are caught in the line of fire over a dispute in land. As a result of the urges of the Catholic Church, we have come to an agreement that the Papal Bull Laudabiliter will be suspended until the Scottish and English come to an agreement.
"Let it be known that this is the will of God, and the Church solemnly requests that no international involvement is put into place, so as to avoid the collapse of the Catholic faith. I plead once again that little blood of your fellow Catholics be shed, and that the dispute can be resolved through peace. If requested, I may be able to send representatives to mediate discussion between the two nations. Be assured, however, the outcome of the war is also the will of our Lord and Savior. I thank you for your time, and may God have mercy."
  • Edward IV: "I knew, Your Holiness, you would not raise hands against fellow Catholics. Yet I must say that James is trying to fool you, thinking such thing is possible. Once the war ends, I swear I will make sure no one ever defies your authority again. I ask you, in name of the peoples of England, Ireland and Scotland, to restore the Laudabiter Bull, as the Catholic faith must be brought to Ireland and King James must know he can't defy the Papal authority and have the Pope submitting to him, suspending such authority so he can continue his illegal war, initiated against a Bull that at the time was in force."
  • Don't interrupt peoples' posts.
  • James II acknowledges the Pope's words, and announces he will follow the Pope's will to begin negotiations. He proposes that both Scotland and England agree not to conquer any territory that the other owns. He proposes the Irish states to be declared "open ground" that will not be claimed by either nation, and that either Scotland or England could establish their control over. Domhnall tells the English messenger that he can see no sense in his words. How can James II possibly try to fool the Pope into thinking that war is going to engulf Europe, when it was England that created that threat by asking every single European nation in Europe to declare war on Scotland? If the messenger had listened to the Pope's words, he would find that that was the chief reason for the Pope declaring the beginning of the peace talks. Domhnall tells the Pope that he fears England will refuse to negotiate, as seen by Edward's refusal to end the war against Scotland. He also brings up the hypocrisy of the English. They claim that the Scots are fooling the Pope, but earlier they made the claim that it was an insult to claim the Papacy could be deluded.

Milan: builds up infrastructure, more roads and banks with IMG funding. We offer the Swiss Confederacy and Florence a full alliance inside the HRE. The trade with Grisons is increased as the IMG expands influence over the local economy, and the political relationship gets better. The IMG inside Milan grows up because it is the link between Genoa and Bavaria. The influence over Montferrat and Monaco are increased, because both states are now scared from a possible Imperial punishment and disappointed from Savoy.


The Dual Khanate conquers the disordered Khanates that lie between them and the Nogai Khanate. They then vassalize the Nogai Khanate, whose Khan knows he cannot win. The Nogai Khanate begins to conquer the last remnants of the Golden Horde, in preparation for a war upon Ryazan, while the Dual Khanate prepares for war against the remnants of the Timurids...

The Minangkabau Sultanate and Pasai both complete their expansion into their respective territories in the island chain to the west of Sumatra.

Fearful of Siam potentially invading the Sultanate, the Sultanate of Malacca organises the League of Sumatra. This league serves as a mutual self-defence league, with members sending military aid to their fellow members in case one of the members is attacked by a foreign nation. The Sultanate of Malacca, Aru, Pasai, Minangkabau, Jambi, Palembang, Sumedang and Sunda all sign up to the league to help defend each other from the large neighbouring empires of Siam and Majapahit.

Vinland continues to expand their territory in the New World. The Vinlanders build their first Althing, and officially give the Beothuk the right to particpate in the elections. The officially crown Georg Strømmen as King Georg I of Vinland. They begin to bolster their forces in order to take control of the rest of the island.

There aren't enough Vinlanders for this, there are only 1-2 ships worth of people at the most really. They are going to be having trouble merely surviving, much less conquering wide swathes of territory.

I plan on having the Vinlanders slowly expand their territory to encompass the OTL Island of Newfoundland. By then they will have founded a distinctive Norse-Beothuk hybrid culture. How can they be struggling if they have the Grand Banks to feed them? How far along would they be by the time the New World is opened?

They really don't have a large enough advantage over the natives to conquer all of them, they are heavily outnumbered. Look at what happened at Jamestown and Plymouth the first several years, it was very rough and they had both native help and new immigrants arriving from Europe. Really, the Vinlander colony taking all of Newfoundland in a couple decades is implausible.

Not Conquer. Intermarry. And how much of the island would be plausible? I'm not really specifying how much they are expanding in the first place.

  • Ashikaga Shogunate continues to build up their military and also expands more into 北海道 (Hokkaidō) and bit more upward the 千島列島 (Chishima Islands) and Ainu still continues to be fought against.
  • Portugal continues developing its naval technology. Meanwhile, the King grants a merchant called Fernão Gomes a monopoly on trade on the Gulf of Guiné, with Gomes having to explore at least 100 léguas of the African coast by year. This contract will last five years. He calls two captains, João de Santarém e Pedro de Escobar, who have as pilots Martim Fernandes and Álvaro Esteves. Meanwhile, the reach of the Feitoria of Cacheu is expanded by 200 sq km. Meanwhile, is considered the founding of a settlement near some of those outposts on the coast. Meanwhile, the reach of the outpost of Serra Leona expands 450 sq km. Meanwhile, the colony expands 350 sq km on Tenerife.
  • Aq Qoyunlu continues training its officers. Aq Qoyulnu also aides the Emirate of Shaybah in exchange for fidelity. Meanwhile, fighting continues in Tunisia with an obvious Qoyunlular victory. Better relations with the Timurids are being established.
  • Circassia expands 1000 km2, into Golden Horde territory on the other side of the Golden Horde.
  • Korea continues to amp up their military, as well as the Explorers. The settling of the Philippines and Formosa are increased dramatically. The Korean navy also continues to go through revamp, with ships now being designed as weapons of war, not transports for soldiers, as many nations view it as. Incompetent officers are also dismissed from service.
  • Scotland keeps its peace offer with England up, that both will not invade each other's territories, and that the free Irish states are "free game" for conquest. The King states that he will, if the English would prefer, consent to making claims on Irish soil, secular claims, and that he will be fine for the English to end up with the majority of Ireland. He has other ideas for peace if the English are willing to try more unique solutions. They hope that the English will not defy the Pope's request for peaceful negotiations.
  • Siam and Sukhothai are officially united and Sukhothai becomes part of the Kingdom of Siam. Vassalization of Cambodia continues as the Siamese agents continue to try to influence the royal court. The military continues to grow and becomes a more professional force. The forces are reorganized to fight around a mix of firearms, spears and swords to balance out each other (similar to the Spanish Tercios). The forces continue to group up on the border with Malacca. The navy is amped up. Four ships are sent carrying 300 men are sent to the Adaman Islands to get a lay of the land and make contact with the natives.
  • Ottoman Empire: the Empire response to the holy Crusades by the Pope stating that the Ottoman Empire has religious freedom and that the Holy Roman Empire has been allowed to send as many missionaries as he wishes. His Holiness, the Pope, may send Catholic missionaries as he wishes, they will not be harmed. We wish for an immediate end to hostilities as well as the opening of diplomacy. The Christian and Islam worlds should not be fighting. We should work together toward a universal peace.
  • Chichen Itza continues expansion into Ceatl. The new vassal nation that is founded in OTL Hispaniola is called Ometlacatl (meaning Second Man) after his son. Ometlacatl is still governed by Chichen Itza, but can make its own decisions regarding most matters. The Navy is upgraded, and begins sailing all around the Gulf of Mexico.
  • Ethiopia: The Empire colonizes 1,500 sq km of OTL Eritrea, and halt their expansion into Adal, offering the Adal Sultan a place in Ethiopia as a vassal. The nearly two decade long war has drained Ethiopia of valuable resources, and the fighting is becoming increasingly unpopular in the empire. The development of theaters and areas to placate the population inadvertently leads to culture boom, with Ethiopian thought and religion spreading through the region. The Emperor has announced that plans to begin constructing a fleet in Massawa will begin next year.
  • Edward IV prepares for campaign against James II in Ireland but, suddenly, during a parliament meeting, an Anglo-Irish opposer of the centralization, kills him. Such lord is deposed and executed. The English parliament offers the throne to Edmund I of Calais, but he rejects. Then, George of Clarence, at this time 20 years of age, comes from the Bailiwick of the Dodecanese and takes the throne. George I, firstly declares Scotland that he is willing to sign the following treaty: a) Ireland will be divided as shown in the map. b) The King of England will be also King of Ireland and the Scottish King will not take such title. c) Scotland will recognise that, though the Laudabiliter is currently suspended, they broke it while in force, and they shall pay indemnization to the Church and England. d) England will pay reparations of war and accidents e) Scotland will give 300 knights to the Order of Saint Petroc and will pay the taxes of five pennies per house to the Church in Ireland f) No Bull will be broken again without previous permission of the Pope g) James II and George I will lead jointly
    DIvision of Ireland
    an inquisition in Ireland. h) Both countries will sign a truce swearing to protect the Church and seeking for its best expansion and the fulfillment of the missions of God. George also says the loyalty of France and Switzerland will not be soon forgotten, and they may count with English support whenever necessary. George also takes Joana as his own wife, as she is still a virgin.
    • a) the Scots agree to the division, though they ask the English if they would be willing to do a little territory transfer to give the Scots all of Ulster and the English will get all territory currently in the division that is Scottish but not in Ulster, simply to preserve traditional Irish divisions. b) totally agreed, the Scottish King's only other title was "King of the Gaels". He would even be willing to modify it to "King of the Northern Gaels" so that it wouldn't seem like he is claiming southern Ireland. c&d) James suggests cancelling these two out, Scotland won't pay England indemnization, England won't pay reparations e) James II of course will have a mere 300 men join the knightly order. And of course the Irish will pay the taxes to the church f) agreed g) James II will continue, like he always has done, to persecute any heresies from his territory, whether Irish or Scottish. If any heretics appear in northern Ireland, they will be crushed h) agreed. James II will support France, too.
    • George I: "Then it is done. Let us forget past disputes and open arms to a new era of friendship under the eyes of God."
    • I forgot "But I sadly can give you the lands of Ulster, owned by English lords. Also, while I accept that your indemnizations and my reparations are mutually cancelled, I hope you will still pay indemnization to the Church for breaking a Papal Bull in force."
  • Edmund I of Calais regrets the lost of his borther Edward, though celebrated his brother George's rising to the throne. He officially inherits from Edward the Grandmaestry of the Order of Saint Petroc and declares the city of Pessaro as the "Monastic State of the Holy Order of the Knights of Saint Petroc". Edmund I declares full support to the Emperor in the campaigns of the Crimean Khanate, though he would like a piece of the lands.
  • Austria continues its campaign against the Crimeans, and some successes are made thanks to the increase in soldiers and supplies. The Emperor officialy declares the City of Karolin to be functioning.
    • Florence and its vassals Piombino and Modena pledge soldiers to the HRE's cause (Unless I misinterpret this, and it's only Austria).
  • China continues to expand its military. Spies are sent to the Khanates to know what the Khanates are up to and if they pose an immediate threat to China or any neighboring countries.
  • Brandenburg continues its non-aggression period. It continues building up its army and navy. Wilhelm, the Prince Electorate, IS LOOKING FOR A WIFE.
    • Princess Mary of Scotland, 17 years of age, is unmarried and unengaged yet.
    • 21 year old Wilhelm, Prince Electorate of Brandenburg and King of the Crown of Aragon, agrees to take the hand of Princess Mary of Scotland in marriage. (That's just a fancy way of saying yes.)
    • Milan: O.O look at 1461, I did offer you a wife.
    • I also offered you a marriage in 1466 (I'm England). Did you even read it? Also, it is Prince-Elector. Electorate is the dominion of an elector, as Dukedom is the dominion of a Duke or Principality of a Prince.
  • Aragon's post = Brandenburg's post.
  • Papal States: The Pope is pleased hearing the news of negotiation and the peaceful relation between the Scottish and English, though mourns the loss of Edward IV. He states that he will surely be rewarded in Heaven. Meanwhile, the States are weary of creating a mutual peace agreement between themselves and the Ottoman Empire, though may consider when Epirus ends the war. If the war goes as planned, the Pope will bless a territory near Antalya, in order to improve trade in the Mediterranean. He also offers Epirus funding to build new Catholic Churches in the land, if the nation agrees to the conversion into Catholicism. Military advancement continues, especially in the Cape of Alfons as talks of furthered war in Hafsid brews.
    • George I: "This was only possible by your mediation, Your Holiness. Now that we are in peace with our brother of the north, we shall provide proper support to your campaigns."
  • Milan: The wealth of the Duchy increases thanks to the IMG, Milan also wants the Emperor to punish the Savoy House. The influence over Monaco and Montferrat grows. More houses, buildings, churches, roads, palaces are built. Francesco, foreseeing the kind of ruler his son Galeazzo would be, decides to disinherit him, so he sends him with another 50 Milanese and Italian knights to serve the Order of St. Petroc at Pesaro. We hope the Order will accept them and the gifts they are travelling with. We ask the Swiss for an alliance and a discussion of the Savoy problem and their wish for a port. Francesco Sforza is looking for a wife for his son and possible heir, Ludovico Sforza.
  • Asti: Carlo Gonzaga starts an administrative and economic reformation, weakening the power from the rebel houses and establishing condottieros and loyalists in their place. The marriage between Carlo and the Aleramici heiress made Montferrat and Asti closer, co-operating in many different things and expanding Milanese influence.
  • Genoa: More ship research is made by the IMG. We offer to the Pope full support in case he wants to go to the war against the Hafsids, with soldiers and ships if he asks for them. We also ask the Swiss Confederacy to join the IMG, because there is no other trade organization near him so important, and that the IMG is really profitable.
  • France decides to end all military aid in the British Isles War and declares its official withdrawal. They hope the war does not expand all over Europe and cause chaos. Seeing that the Pope has "won" the crusade, the government decides to enforce God's will by sending missionaries into the newly conquered territories. The King returns from his tours. He is pleased that the economical projects have produced good effects and that the country will fully recover from the Hundred Years' War. Also, he came back with a mate for his son, Anne frome Aquitania, France. The country declares the annexation of all of the associative states except for Bearn, reunifying most of the country, just Bearn is left. The wealth of France's Mediterranean trading empire has created wealth for the country. Meanwhile, across French cities, Roman-style cities are being built, with most, if not all, of their features. The King sees this as a fact that the country is becoming more civilized and stronger than ever before. They colonize Boa Vista, mostly fishermen from France. They also settle La Palam on the Canary Islands.
  • The islands have already been divided between Burgundy and Portugal.
  • Yet they are uncolonized, RWG can still invade them, though illegally.
  • The Zulu Kingdom continues to expand northward along the coast, adding 1000 sq mi to the Zulu Kingdom. The Zulu Army moves in, and continues with its retinue process of removing hostile natives from Kingdom territory. In Madagascar, the Zulu begin to expand eastward and westward along the coastline of Madagascar from both directions, adding a total of 1500 sq mi of land to the Zulu colony. The Zulu garrison removes the hostile natives, and to establish better infrastructure. The Zulu Council approves of a small scale lumber operation on southern Madagascar, but has designated the baobad trees as sacred objects, and cannot be touched.
  • Serbia: King Branković celebrates the Christian victory, but restates that there will be no Islam permitted in his Kingdom, as there is only one god and his son, the Lord, Jesus Christ. The Serbian Orthodox Church continues growing in popularity.
  • Oman continues to rebuild itself following the war, and this rebuilding is financed mostly by merchants and Aq Qoyunlu. As the year ends Oman seems to be back on its feet so the Imamate orders the army and navy to the restored to their former glory. Oman also sends an army to help the Crimeans fight off the Christian invaders; and along with this army is a smaller force of troops and diplomats send to help the Ottomans in order to convince them to forsake the Christian traitors and take up arms with their Muslim brothers. The Omani Imamate also begins to investigate the Caliph Marwan III to decide whether he is a true Islamic leader or just a pretender.
  • The Emirate of Shaybah continues to build infrastructure and the capital city of Ghānah. Shaybah also follows Aq Qoyunlu's lead and sends military aid to Crimea. The Emirate of Shaybah also expands to the south to take over more coastline so more Bedouin nomads in the deserts of Shaybah can take up residence as fishermen and traders.
  • Croatia sends troops to defend Venice's Crimean territories. Zagreb continues its process of cultural renewal.
  • The Byzantine Empire demands the return of its Greek territories from the Ottomans. Their troops along with the main force reach Constinople by the end of the year.
  • Venice blockades the Ottoman Empire, sinking their navy with the use of Byzantine fireships and Sienese help. The allied fleet plunders the Ottoman ships. The Venetian navy leads rapid raids on small Ottoman coastal towns frightening the population and taking loot. The Doge demands the return of Constantinople and the Greek territories to the Byzantine Empire. Mantua and Modena's expeditionary force achieves a few small victories against the Ottomans, bringing the two small nations prestige and joining them closer to Venice.
    • England asks an alliance.
  • The Lakota; The Lakotan settlers continue to settle lands in the Northwest. Bigger Settlements are being built and updated military. Akecheta has fallen ill, the medince men and women attend to him.
  • The Manchurians continue expanding their country northward, and the infrastructure project is still ongoing. The Manchurians continue to expand their territory on Huatai Island.
  • Bavaria continues to expand industry and the military. The city of Karolin continues to be funded. More troops are sent to bolster Imperial forces. The King offers his condolences to England and is pleased that a crisis was avoided. Bavaria asks Venice for permission to use its ports of trade. The IMG continues to expand overland influences. The Munchen Cathedral is finished and the first mass is held. Many important Catholic officials and many Imperial officials are amazed by its beauty. The Munchen Cathedral has been declared as one of the most beautiful cathedrals in the world.
  • Baden-Wurttemberg expands construction of Karolin, and is pleased by the progress on Karolin. The Imperial Palace is declared finished and is a wonderous sight. The architect asks the Emperor to offically shift political power to Karolin from Venice, since it is now mostly complete.
  • Muscovy launches a full assault on Tver, with troops from Yaroslavl, Rostov and Muscova itself attacking. With the army having been trained over the last five years, it isn't expected that Tver can put up a fight. The troops surge through Tveran territory, seizing and plundering throughout.
  • Georgia continues to expand
  • Novgorod expands its military capabilities, and a new ship is built for the navy. The ships are crewed by state-sponsored military men, paid for nearly in whole by spoils of war from Kazan. Meanwhile, the Russian Orthodox Patriarch allows loaning with interest as long as it is set and never changes (NOT compound interest). The Hanseatic League's Navy is also amped up, and rumors of an invasion of Prussia begin to surface. The Hanseatic League has regained its prestige by this point, and a Kontore is set up in Ryazan and Kazan. The Prince sends more bribes and an ultimatum to Pskov (in secret): Join us, allow us to contol your government's actions (the proposals going toward the Veche), or suffer the same fate as Kazan.
  • The Ottoman Empire calls upon every Muslim nation to help defeat the treacherous and backstabbing Christians and help send the heathens back to where they came from.
  • Tibet: The fortifications in the north are increased, and the military nears 30,000 official members because of quick recruitments. 1000 sq km of territory is incorporated on the north border, from the Khanates. New roads are also built in the north. On the south side of Tibet, diplomats remain in Nepal, while others go west to Kashmir or east to Kamarupa to chart those parts of the Himalayas and observe Buddhist temples/trade with the nations.
  • Saxony: The Elector is very pleased that England and Scotland have patched things up, and reopens diplomatic relations with England. He also welcomes all the main knights of Anhalt, and accepts their oaths of service/enfeoffment. The Chief Constable orders more, larger cannon from the Ottomans, and the Elector sedns one of his most trusted heralds to meet the Sublime Porte.


The Second Idrissid Sultanate officially stabilizes their control over the last of former Marinid territory. The construction of universities has made Morocco one of the most cosmopolitan nations of the Islamic world. The Idrissids begin construction of a palace in Fez, as it has remained the capital of the new regime.

The Vinlanders continue to expand their territory on the Island of Vinland. The Vinlanders officially name the capital of their nation Leifheim after Leif Ericson, the explorer who discovered Vinland .

The Dual Khanate launches a full-scale invasion of the small, Central Asian remnants of the Timurid Empire, Meanwhile, their vassal, the Nogai Khanate, has established their control over the Golden Horde remnants, and demands an insanely huge tribute from Ryazan as reparation for the assassination attempt. Ryazan cannot possibly pay.

  • Ashikaga Shogunate continues to build up their military and also expands more into 北海道 (Hokkaidō) and bit more upward the 千島列島 (Chishima Islands) and Ainu still continues to be fought against. Emperor Go-Hanazono dies, soon Go-Tsuchimikado becomes Emperor.
  • Portugal continues developing its naval technology. Meanwhile, it asks England to arrange Anne of York's marriage to Afonso, Prince of Portugal to 1471. Meanwhile, it also warns France that it has already claimed Benauare (La Palma) before. Meanwhile, thay also start to try to secure their other claims on the Canaries, mainly invading the island of Tamarán (Gran Canaria). A battle takes place in the middle-to-end of the year. This victory gives the Portuguese control of the northeast of the island. One settlement is made on this area. Meanwhile, Fernando, Duke Of Viseu and Beja and brother of the King, dies. his eldest son João receives the title of Duke Of Viseu, and Diogo, his second son, receives the title of Duke Of Beja. Meanwhile, the colony of Cabo Verde expands 950 sq km in Tenerife.
  • Aq Qoyunlu continues working on its officers. Meanwhile, the war in Tunisia ends, with Aq Qoyunlu only taking 3% near the border with the Papal States, so to ensure peace on the Hafsid border. They also as a result of their minimal taaking, after having occupid 1/4 of Hafsid territory, make an alliance with the Hafsids. Also, the Zayyanids and Granada enter the Crimean War with the promise of an economic boost. Meanwhile, as the Imamate seems to be stabilising, Aq Qoyunlu pulls out its forces. Aid continues to Shaybah.
  • The Manchurians continue expanding their country northward, and the infrastructure project is still ongoing. The Manchurians continue to expand their territory on Huatai Island.
  • With the last of the Mamluk remainders falling around Cairo, Marwan III is able to take Egypt and establishes the Hashemite Caliphate in the former Mamluk Sultan's land.
  • Papal States: The Papal States officially end all hostilities with the Ottoman Empire, and soldiers, knights and other missionaries celebrate in the city of Antalya, preparing to build new churches and statues in their new territory (as promised by Epirus.) The States allow Muslims to escape the city to the Ottoman lands, while many remain and begin a conversion process. The Pope is less confident in making peace with the Ottomans, and places guards on the borders of Antalya. The Pope, along with the Church, are also grateful for the help received for the crusade. As well, the cape of Alfons receives extra funding for naval and military efforts as Aq Qoyunlu establishes a territory in Hafsid, and thanks Genoa for the offer of aid, though the Pope does not intend war with the Hafsids unless it is forced upon the States.
  • Bavaria: The King orders the withdrawal of all Bavarian forces and declares a five year non-aggression treaty. THe King requests that the Emperor allow this leeway because Bavaria needs time to grow in stability. The nation needs peace. The economy slows this year as the cost of the crusade comes in. The King announces seven days of celebration in honor of the Christian victories in the Infidel lands. Money is still sent to Karolin, but in lower quantities due to the economic downturn. Bavaria asks the Holy Father to appoint Bishop Alexander Faust to the College of Cardinals for his steadfast faith in ridding heresy throughout all lands. (If plausible, I am not familiar with how the system works)
  • Baden-Wurttemberg: Continues to construct Karolin, which has become a major center of art and politics due to the recent relocation of the Imperial Courtes (misspelled on purpose). The University of Stuttgart sees an uptake of students from Europe and the Mediterranean Sea areas. Stuttgart sees its first Muslim student, a refugee from the wars in the east.
  • The Ottoman Empire cuts all relations with the Christian nations of Europe and that it will only deal with Muslim nations and non-Christian states. The Christian world Ambassadors are thrown out and the Sultan declares all Christian contact will be ended. The Ottoman Empire suggests a universal alliance of all Muslim nations as well as offering all Muslim nations an alliance. The Holy Roman Empire is told never to contact the Empire again due to the treachery and backstabbing. Buildup of the military continues while construction of the gun factories begins.
    • Only bold OOC, thank you
    • Treachery? Backstabbing? We were never allied in the first place. Whatever you say at all times confuses me, at best.
    • I think he was saying that since he helped the Holy Roman Empire out in one of their wars a while ago, he thought they would consider them friends, and the Ottomans feel betrayed by the fact that the HRE returned their favor by helping Epirus.
    • Exactly, you guys in Europe just messed up big; now you have the Ottomans joining the Caliphate too! Prepare for centuries of Muslim rule! MWuahahahahahahaha! ~Von
    • Hahahahahaha No. The Lord our God will protect us and vanquish the evil Infidel.
    • We'll have to see, won't we? ;)
    • This will not affect Russia! No Orthodox nation has taken part in any crusade soooo... It will be interesting how this will turn out. Either way it makes Orthodoxy look better or the same: God will make the heretic Catholics pay for their insolence against the Almighty, or the Infidel Muslims (who make the differences between the Catholics and Orthodox look like two old men quarreling about the coulor of the grass) will be defeated due to their blasphemous beliefs.
    • You guys are really understating the hate between Orthodoxy and Catholicism of the time. People in Constantinople said they prefered a turban to a mitre in the Hagia Sofia. It's not "two old men quarreling about the colour of grass", it's "two old men quarreling about an idiocy that runs so deep blood will flow at the closest instance".
    • Some church disputes back in the Byzantine state made two old men quarreling over the color of grass seem intelligent. Such as the infamous debate of "Did Jesus have two natures, one human, one divine, or one nature, that was both human and divine?"
    • It's a stupid argument, but stating they'll get together again because of the Muslims in this century is just ludicruous. That's why, if you notice, only Genoa and Venice, who had trade interests in the area, had the smallest bit of interest in protecting Constantinople.
    • I think it is worth mentioning that the Byzantines did try to heal the wound between the two churches toward its end, and it was only declined by the Orthodox Church by one bishop.
    • Yes, because Constantine XI was ahead of his time. If you notice, a far larger proportion of Constantinople was against the healing, and even those who weren't were mostly there because they knew their Empire depended on it.
    • I can't believe you guys. Especially after the bonds between Catholicism and Orthodoxy should be improving with this whole DME thing springing from nowhere. And I thought we ruled that the OE helping the HRE was just plain ludicrous. Trust me, Lx, if Novgorod values survival, wealth and sanity, the two denominations will have to work together. Plain and simple.
    • Novogorod can't help the Catholics in their war against the Ottomans, whether they wanted to or not.
    • Not the Ottomans, the DME. The DME will definitely be somewhere near the Muscovite border.
    • As I said, this war either makes the Orthodox look better or lets them stay the same. The Only reason Novgorod wanted to consider looking into aiding in the war is to get trade in the Med. Anyway. Trade colonies in Crimea away (via the Hanseatic league)!
  • Even if it was, the Orthodox wouldn't care just yet because 1) they, as I said before, preferred "a turban to a mitre" (and I'm quoting somebody) supporting Constantine XI's plan, which was a minority and 2) The DME is still under discussion.
  • Anyway... Muscovy is staying pretty much neutral, and I'd advise all such Orthodox states (Lx) to do the same.
  • In Berlin, a massive ceremony is held for the marriage of Scotland's Princess Mary and Brandenburg's Elector Wilhelm. To celebrate his marriage and Brandenburg's new military power, four cannons are shot over the waters around Brandenburg. Meanwhile the military buildup continues and the non-aggression pact is retained.
    • "Electorate" is not a nobility title. It is "elector".
  • In Aragon, ditto what Brandenburg says.
  • France's new couple produces a baby boy, just perfect as the royal heir of France. The King is pleased, telling that he must be tutored by professionals to learn about everything he will need to take over the country. Fearing that the Ottomans are about to plan something that will threaten the safety of all of Christendom, they call for all European Christian nations to establish the States of Christendom to counter the efforts of the Ottomans. Finally, Bearn is admitted into France, thus reuniting the country. The country officially declares war on Brittany, expecting nothing else but obvious victory. Meanwhile, France's cities swell in population while the country moves from agriculture to industry. It becomes somewhat like Italy, only with different styles. The King hopes to send an expedition to find new trading partners knowing that the Ottomans have blocked their only way to the Orient.
    • Even Italy was 25% urbanized until the Industrial Revolution. France with its larger population and area remained at about 15% urbanization until 1800s.
    • I meant that industry was rising (using technology from this time) to match Italy at this time. I also meant a population boom in the cities, not immigration.
  • With the collapse of the Golden Horde, the leaders and members of the Horde that survived fled to Austrian territory, seeking the only stable place they can find. They are immediately arrested on arrival and held until further notice. Frederick III announces that once the war in the Crimea is over, the Imperial government shall neither bless nor condemn any war for the next decade, unless that war is against the HRE. Karolin is proclaimed the "Third Rome," and it now has a permanent population of over 1000 people.
  • Salzburg begins to build up its military to prepare for the predicted Caliphate threat.
  • Korea continues to amp up their military and the Explorers.
  • Burgundy: The discovery by fleet ships scouting the domains of the Canary Islands of the French settlers feels as threat to the military presence of the Burgundians in the Neighborhood of the islands and while jumping into the Continent (I HAVE A SMALL SETTLEMENT OF 120 KM IN NORTHERN AFRICA FOR A WHILE) Settlers are sent to form (maybe 1000 through the year) to settle in Fuerte Ventura, while in the south the Islands of Elobey, (in front of Guinea) continue to be settled. Maio is claimed for the HRE, while the small islands used as ports in front of the Mali empire are annexed as colonies to the empire, Burgundy asks if it can have a small Puppet state (or colony) in the area of Crimea. Jan Mayen is annexed to the territory of Burgundy, Fuerte Ventura is finally after several years controlled under Burgundian domain, Friesland continues under occupation of the Burgundians (RNG PLEASE) until response from their leadership and the fleet with now 200 ships which 100 patrol the Burgundy. Another 50 continue its blockade against Friesland and the other 50 continue exploration and protection of the areas under colonization of the Burgundian Grand Duchy. The Emperor is asked to help in the resolution of the Friesland-Burgundian Conflict (can my colonies and settlements be added to the map please?)
  • I think it is safe to say that Friesland is your vassal.
  • Jan Mayen is Nordic territory. Also you can't establish another colony yet. You have one in the Canary Islands and another in Cape Verde.
  • The Lakota: Akecheta succumbs to illness and passes away. A Huge ceremonial burial is held in his birth village. Akecheta's son who goes by the same name takes over the tribe and improves the military and continues to send settlers northwest.
  • Milan: The wealth of Milan and the IMG grows up this year with more trade routes are open with Montferrat, Asti, Grisons, and the German states. The influence over these first three increases more and more. The Duchy is focused in the roads, banks, houses and churches. The IMG soon finds its way to Karolin, a few dozen Genoan merchants and workers settle down in the capital. We offer the Swiss an alliance, again. Some of Sforza's daughters marry aristocracy from Montferrat, Savoy and other states. The influence over Monaco grows up when we offer them protection from Genoa, this is my proposal to the Swiss: we help them to vassalize Monaco if they join the IMG under Bavarian control and ally with Milan then they will have coast even when is a little far away (our roads will be open between Monaco and Switzerland to their comfort).
    • The IMG is already in Bavaria, you're already intersecting their trade routes, also just for refernece Karolin is its headquarters.
  • Genoa: The Genoans ask Burgundy for the opportunity to establish a small colony in the Canary Islands in exchange of some money. The army is built up in case the Papal States decide to go to war.
    • Burgundy: We would agree in giving you La Gomera if you give us a city under your control in the Mediterranean and agree to an alliance with you and Milan.
  • Asti: Carlo Gonzaga works on the infrastructure and security of Asti. The relation with the Savoy is still hostile.
  • Tibet: Official barracks are built in Shigatse and the north, and the Lhasa barracks are improved. Several new monasteries are built in the north, and diplomats oversee the building of a number of monasteries in Nepal. The nation starts to send explorers and diplomats west to Kashmir and east to Kamarupa, and Himalayan charting missions continue, with most of the groups slowly moving to the east.
  • Venice asks Epirus to allow the Byzantine Empire to annex the Aegean coastline to the Sea of Marmara thus reclaiming its ancient lands. Venice continues harassing Ottoman coastal town and shipping but loses control of one branch of the navy (about 20 ships) whose admiral goes rogue and attacks all Islamic shipping. Venice, Modena and Siena pressure Lacques into joining Venice in a diplomatic union to which they reluctantly agree to as it is better to be allied to the nation farther away than the nation next door.
  • Croatia contines its war effort in the Ottoman Empire with its small military force winning many skirmishes.
  • The Byzantine Empire rejoices at the fact that Constantinople may soon be returned to their hands. Emperor Dimitri visits the Doge of Venice to personally thank him and also the Despot of Epirus gifting each with a statue of themselves in bronze.
  • Alaiye: Wallachia and Alaiye resume trade and greatly strengthen each others economies. The Army continues to expand under Ottoman supervision. Trade with the Pope's League of Puppet States is cut off while diplomacy is cut off as well. Islam is adopted as the State Religion and Alaiye pledges to join the Caliphate when it is formed.
  • Wallachia: Wallachia and Alaiye resume trade and greatly strengthen each others economies. The Army continues to expand under Ottoman supervision. Trade with the Pope's League of Puppet States is cut off while diplomacy is cut off as well. Islam is adopted as the State Religion and Wallachia pledges to join the Caliphate when it is formed.
  • The Novgorodians agree to not help the Papal forces in the Ottomans for a lucrative trade deal allowing traders flying the Novgorod flag pass the Istanbul Strait without fine or stopping (hopefully). Meanwhile, the military gets a well needed break and Novgorod appoints the new Namestnik of Pskov, who after a second and more severe ultimatum is sent agrees to Novgorodian military protection with a very narrow majority in the Veche. Meanwhile, the Hanseatic League's traders manage to establish a trading Kontore in Crimea by the will of Novgorodian expansion to compete with Venetian traders in the region. The Hansea updates its military and works on possibly aiding Novgorod if they ever decide to invade Prussia.
    • The Papal States have ended the war with the Ottomans, so no help is necessary anyway.
  • Georgia hopes that the actions of other Christian states will not effect relations between them and the Ottomans. The Georgia military and navy are expanded more people convert to Orthodoxy and Judaism. The military is put on red alert and prepped for war.
  • Siamese settlers begin heading north into the grey areas in Burma as part of a new wave of settlement in the area but they are with little protection. The military continues preparing and the numbers are expanded to deal with the increased numbers of Malaccas allies. Siamese agents are sent to try to cause friction between the various factions of the Malacca alliance. The navy is expanded. The diplomats begin trying to get to know more about the Adaman natives. The importance of printing continues to grow and with it new ideas also begin growing.
  • Muscovy chooses not to aid the Catholics, stating that we are not Papal stooges, but also refuses to aid the Ottomans, as Muscovy wishes to remain neutral. The war on Tver goes brilliantly, with Muscovian troops pissing on the Tveran armies as they rampage up and down. The entire country ought to give in in roughly a year. Meanwhile, Muscovy offers to all bordering nations, anyone who wishes a stable life can come to Muscovy, where they will gain two acres of land in the recently conquered Golden Horde. To avoid attracting the disapproval of the new Dual Khanate (until Muscovy can fight them), support is expressed to the Nogodai, and Muscovian troops begin to gather near the Ryazan border (Coalition war types). Meanwhile (lol, haven't done anything with my turn), the army is expanded, and more advanced firearm designs are bought and built.
    • The Papal States have ended the war with the Ottomans, so no help is necessary anyway.
    • Oh ya, Novgorod gives a polk of Arquebusiers to aid the Muscovians in their war with Tver (the Only one I can help with anyway). Moscow won 45% without my ya.
  • Anne of York travels to Portugal to marry the next year Prince Afonso. George I receives Alcock and commands him to travel to Novgorod among a diplomatic retinue as Ambasssador of His Majesty. The objective of this travel is to arrange future cooperations in the Hanseatic League and, especially, make a commercial deal with the Posadnik: He trades with England the Russian naval technologies and, in exchange, England will grant him the right to establish guilds in London to support the commercial interests of the Hanseatic League, and will help them to keep and make stronger their seat on the Holy Roman Empire. George I decides to make Richard Neville of Warwick his First Lord of Admiralty. He also gives Thomas Stanley, 1st Baron Stanley the Lordship of Admiralty, grants him the title of Duke of Clarence (though most of the territory remains in Royal Dominion) and makes him perpetual member of the Parliament, and beneficiary of the Hanseatic League in London. Stanley, in exchange, hands over George I the title of King of Mann. Now George I is styled "By God's Grace, His Majesty George of the House of York, the First of His Name; King of England, Ireland and Mann."
    • Why don't you support the Imperial Merchant's Guild. It is an HRE trade organization that has much more influence within the HRE than the League. It's headquartered in Karolin, Imperial District, Baden-Wurttemberg.
    • I do support it. I associated with both organizations through Calais and Pessaro (IMG) and England (HL). As England owns monopoly in Calais and Calais in Pessaro, England is the actual partner of both organizations.
    • I see. Well, do carry on.
    • The Novgorodian Posadnik greets the English ambassador with great joy, and agrees to the trade deal. Meanwhile, the Hanseatic league is thinking about making London an official member of the league in the Westphalian district (until they can separate into their own district) and not just a Kontor.
  • Edmund I of Calais sends his son Constantine to Karolin, to be "the first Prince raised in the Third Rome". Two months laters, in August, his wife Maria gives him a second son, Ferdinand. Edmund asks the Emperor to call the Reichstag for ratify the Constitution. In Pessaro, the knights of the order welcome the new recruits from all over Europe. The Scots and Milanese ones are specially well received. They swear the following oath: "I, in the name of God my Lord, renounce to all that is worthy only in this earth of sin and embrace my new path as defender of the Holy Church of Jesus Christ. I swear loyalty to the Grand Maester, the Holy Father and God above them all. If I find myself breaking this oath, may God punish me or may He forgive me and rectify me".
  • Scotland builds up its military areas in Scottish Ireland, in order to keep control of that territory and for potential future expansion in the areas claimed for Scotland in the treaty with England. The Scots are joyful at the wedding of Princess Mary.
  • Switzerland founds the Order of the Swiss Knights, an elite para-military force with gear and training adapted to Switzerland's geography, and the warriors are skilled in mountain warfare, designed to operate alongside the Swiss and Imperial armies, along with the highway patrol force.
  • Chichen Itza keeps pushing farther into Ceatl, and Ometlacatl continues expansion. The Navy is upgraded, and the Emperor commands that maps be made of the known world, especially the domains of Chichen Itza and Ometlacatl.
  • Oman continues to rebuild itself focusing mainly on the military now, as the Aq Qoyunlu troops have left Oman to defend itself. The Omani Imamate after meeting with Caliph Marwan III determines that Marwan is a good man, true to the ideals of Islam, so the Immnate council pledges their support to him and to support his Caliphate. The council also pushes for the marriage of the caliph to the Aq Qoyunlu Royal family in order to unify the Muslim world and have the new Hashemite Caliphate as the ruling body, but with delegated regional control to Emirs, Sheikhs, Imams, Sultans and such.
  • The Emirate of Shaybah continues to build infrastructure and the capital city of Ghānah. Shaybah also reorganises its military forces and modernizes them, even forming a small navy. The Emirate of Shaybah also expands 4000 sq km to the south to take over more coastline so more Bedouin nomads in the deserts of Shaybah can take up residence as fishermen and traders. Emir Taimur bin Said also goes to meet with Caliph Marwan III to see if he is a good a man as the Omani Imamate claims.


The Dual Khanate has annexed all of the former Timurid states, saved for the Dimurats to the south. Mamash and Godeng begin massing their troops on their southern border, preparing for their greatest conquest yet.

The sale of indulgences rises, as many Catholic bishops promote it due to their great need of money due to recent papal expenses.

  • Ashikaga Shogunate continues to build up their military and also expands more into 北海道 (Hokkaidō) and bit more upward the 千島列島 (Chishima Islands) and Ainu still continues to be fought against.
  • Portugal starts to prepare its army. Meanwhile, Afonso marries Anne of York in the middle of the year. Meanwhile, the colony expands 200 sq km on Tenerife. Meanwhile, native resistance continues in Tamarán, and the area controlled by the Portuguese is expanded by 200 sq km. A settlement called Ribeira Brava de São Nicolau is established on the island of São Nicolau. Meanwhile, the suggestion of trying to establish a settlement on the African coast is refused. Meanwhile, Afonso, Duke of Bragança, dies. His titles are split among his sons Duarte (Marquess of Valença), Afonso (Duke of Braga and Count of Neivas), and Nuno (Count of Barcelos). Afonso V also grants the title of Count of Loulé to Hnerique de Meneses, Count of Viana do Alentejo and Viana da Foz do Lima. Pedro Vaz de Melo receives the title of Count of Atalaia, and the title of Count of Arganil is given to João Galvão, also Bishop of Coimbra. Meanwhile, the outposts on the coast stop expanding.
  • Muscovy ends the war with Tver, having annexed the whole thing. Meanwhile, in Ryazan, the Nogai Khanate and Muscovy attack at (pretty much) the same time (coalition war algorithm), separating their armies and smashing through Ryazan territory.
  • Korea continues to amp up the military and the Explorers. The Philippines continues to be settled.
    • Siam sends a diplomatic mission to Korea to try to create an alliance between the two Buddhist countries.
  • Papal States: Word spreads throughout the land as Pope Paul II is announced deceased in July. A week of mourning is put in place, and is remembered for his peacekeeping efforts in Great Britain. Pope Sixtus IV is elected soon after. The new Pope blesses the city-state of Antalya, and several dozen priests are sent to spread the faith in the territory. Soldiers notice less and less leaving the city and remaining to be converted. The Pope hopes that the new territory will improve Papal trade within the Mediterranean, as well as to gain new technologies for ships. As well, the States try to make relations with the Kingdom of Cyprus, and offer it aid in the event of war over it by Islamic states (I believe Cyprus was Roman Catholic at the time). As well, more and more knights are sent to Alfons in order to ensure the protection of the territory.
    • Being a state formed by Crusaders, it actually was Roman Catholic. At least the rulers or the nobility were.
  • Aq Qoyunlu keeps training its officers, and sends a marriage proposal to the new Egyptian Nation, and with it accepted (I know they will, we've planned it, so no one cross it), they Proclaim the Divine Muslim Empire, and invite Oman and Shaybah. The Hafsids pledge allegiance, due to the goodwill shown by fellow Muslims in the Qoyunlulular and Mamluk War. While Yemen will join if the following is true: OTL Yemen not under Yemeni control becomes a province.
  • Inca Empire: After achieving the unification of all the Andean cities under its mandate, Huayna Capac auto proclaims Inca (Emperor of all the lands) and founded the First Inca Empire. With the great advances in agriculture that brings this unification are resolved in great part the food situation in the empire and the quality of life improvement. Huayna Capac directs the creation of two large armies under the command of their two children: Huáscar and Atahualpa. The goal is to expand by all the lands known and unknown bringing civilization, progress, and culture, either by force or diplomacy, seeking alliances with the nobility and promising local protection to the weak in exchange for tributes and men for the imperial armies. The foundations of the empire already were released and our story begins today.
  • Oman finishes rebuilding itself, now the nation just focuses on making the military stronger; which includes a new modernization programme and the building of better fortifications in important Omani cities like Sur, Suhar, Dubai, Abu Dhabi, Doha and Al Manāmah. The Omani Imamate continues to spread the good word about the great Caliph Marwan III and supporting the idea of a reunified Muslim Ummah state. Omani traders spread the idea of the unified Muslim Ummah across the Indian Ocean and try to get as many Muslim states to come and join the Hashemite Caliphate.
  • The Emirate of Shaybah continues to build infrastructure and the capital city of Ghānah. Shaybah also modernizes its military forces and expands the navy as Emir Taimur bin Said tries to encourage more of his people to become overseas merchants and learn from the success of the Omani merchants. The Emirate of Shaybah also expands 4,000 sq km to the south to take over more coastline. Emir Taimur bin Said also meets with Caliph Marwan III and agrees with the claims of the Omani Imamate that Marwan is a good man, true to the ideals of Islam. In exchange for financial aid and a border agreement that Shaybah will get the southern part of uncontrolled land between it and the Caliphate, Emir Taimur bin Said will support the Hashemite Caliphate too.
  • Siamese Explorers are sent to start exploring the different Malay Islands - especially Borneo. Settlers begin moving into the Shan states more. The military continues building up along the southern border and they move to seize the rest of the grey area on the Malay Peninsula. The navy is expanded to 55 junk ships accompanied by many smaller ships all armed with cannons. The King considers breaking the tradition of slavery and serfdom in the Kingdom as a means of being able to mobilize greater amounts of people for public projects. Internal trade is encouraged to grow. Hopes to expand trade with the Indian states and with China and Japan begin to appear as well as part of a general interest in the rest of Asia that is growing in the Kingdom. The vassalization of Cambodia continues as members of the Siamese diplomatic mission to the country put members of the Cambodian Royal Court against one another to gain influence.
  • Brandenburg is finished with the five-year non-aggression period. A massive naval buildup to compensate for the boundaries imposed by the announcement occurs, and the army and cavalry are built up as well. Meanwhile, something repeated for the seventh time, NOVGOROD is offered an ALLIANCE, and if NOVGOROD does NOT want that, then at least we can have a TRADE PACT. The first child of the Prince Elector and his new wife is born on the same day the Pope dies and his name is Friedrich (insert name of Mary's father here) Wilhelm Karl Paul von Hohenzollern, or Frederick (Mary's father's name) William Charles Paul of the Hohenzollerns in English.
    • I thought I already accepted an Alliance...but anyway, if you want to re-establish Hanseatic posts that would be great. Novgorod accepts an alliance.
  • Aragon, ditto what Brandenburg says.
  • Luxembourg begins to build up its army.
  • Bavaria continues the non-aggression pact. Many people in Bavaria begin to grow uncomfortable with the increasing amount of indulgences and their price, especially in these hard economic times. People in small numbers begin resisting and protesting. The King falls ill but is expected to recover. It is announced that Prince Jorge will marry Sophia Ingardsted of Baden. He is the expected heir to King Andreas' II throne. The IMG continues to expand with partners from Genoa, Milan and England. England is offered to become a full member of the Imperial Merchants Guild through Calais. The number of Jews and Orthodox Christians rises as immigrants from the east make it to Bavaria. The infrastructure and economy is upgraded. The military is refitted with a new gun design. Diplomats are sent to Hungary to open possible avenues of trade and to heal the rift between the HRE and Hungary.
  • Wallachia: military buildup continues.
  • Aleyei: Feeling that it will be happier and safer as part of Ottoman Empire, Aleyei asks to be annexed by the Ottomans.
  • Ottoman Empire: Aleyies request is accepted, and it is annexed. The Islamic Caliphate is abandoned and declared a thinly veiled attempt at forging a new "Islamic Rome". A new religion crossing Christianity and Islam is formed called Christlam. It soon begins to gain many followers as both Christians and Muslims alike begin converting in droves. Bold text Georgia's alliance and trade deal are accepted as well as the division offer. Major military buildup continues.
    • There was only one dynasty that liked 'Islamic Rome' more than the Turks, and those were the dead Umayyads.
    • Christlam? CHRISTLAM??!! Trans-religious beliefs? IMPLAUSOGASM, anyone?
    • No way there could be an Islamo-Christian religion (I think that'd be the correct term for it, BTW). Way too many differences in theological beliefs. ChrisL123 (talk)
    • Having some new religion incorporating elements of both appearing, but it would not be a blatant cross. It also would never be called Christlam. Also, the penalty for converting away from Islam was usually death. The Ottomans were the ones who were trying to forge an Islamic Rome, they claimed they were the successors to Rome when they took Constantinople.
  • Baden-Wurttemberg continues to construct in Karolin, although the city is mostly done. The Imperial Palace is officially opened in a huge ceremonial gala that the Emperor and family, as well as all major German and Italian electors. The Gala lasts several days. Oktoberfest becomes a national sensation. Baden-Wurttemberg states that it, too, is taking a five year non-aggression treaty with any power.
  • China expands its military, making cannons more effective in battle. Meanwhile, more infrastructure in the Oirat Provinces is built.
  • Austria continues its religious conversion of the Mongols, but runs into trouble with the nobles.. Karolin rises to over 2000 inhabitants. The Imperial government starts collecting its first tax income, a meager 0.2% tax on Pewter goods and Jewish property. Diplomats are sent to Hungary to help mend ties with its new King. War against the Crimeans continue, and major successes are made.
  • Ethiopia: Emperor Fekadu orders the establishment of a cannon foundry outside of Gondar, and the immediate production of cannon for the army. He sends his daughter to marry the Sultan of Adal with hopes of securing an alliance between the two nations. The Ethiopians' attention, now free of the fighting, colonize 2000 sq km of land in Eritrea, and prepare for efforts to conquer the tribal lands to the west.
    • Bavaria requests an alliance and trade routes.
    • Ethiopia accepts the offer.
    • How does Bavaria even trade with Ethiopia? The Hashemite Caliphate/Mamluks are in the way, who the HRE aren't the friendliest with. And no European has circumnavigated all the way around Africa. How do you even communicate with one another? The huge logistical issues make this nearly impossible, so it isn't happening.
    • Also why would Adal, a nation who has a different religion than yours, who you've just spent years trying to invade, now want to join up with you? You can try but that isn't happening either.
    • For the very simple reason that Adal has a chance to survive. Ethiopia was larger than Adal OTL and ATL. If Ethiopia offers Adal a chance to avoid annihilation, I'm very confident that they would accept. Also, the Europeans did circumnavigate Africa, considering the fact that Portugal and Ethiopia were close allies in real life (though this happens in 1487). This alliance with Bavaria would be valid that very year.
  • Georgia spends this year improving infrastructure and expanding the army and navy. The city of Tbilisi flourishes. A trade agreement and alliance are sent to the Ottoman Empire in hopes of preventing radicals from taking over the region and bring wealth to both nations. They also SECRETLY offer to split the territory of Candar and Moldova.
  • Milan: WE ASK THE SWISS TO READ OUR LAST POST. The economy and infrastructure grows up, as another Italian state is now a serious threat and doesn't show any kind of goodwill to us, vassalizing Italian states against our will. The influence over Montferrat, Monaco, Grisons grows up. More Milanese migrate to Karolin. As the sale of indulgences rise the agnosticism, atheism and humanism increases (obviously no one knows that), and a few Orthodox from the East also help to weaken the Church influence (again, this is not public knowledge). We offer our condolences to all countries whose leaders died recently.
  • Asti: The relations with Montferrat are even closer, as Asti helps the Aleramici government to lower banditry and establish trade. The army is built up and Carlo Gonzaga is thinking about joining Montferrat to Asti with marriage and political maneuverings.
  • Serbia: The Serbian Orthodox Church continues to grow in popularity. However, the Kingdom of Serbia has run out of money, leading to King Brankovic to ask for a union between Serbia and Epirus, and make a new powerful Kingdom, with both Arta and Belgrade as double Capitals.
  • I have decided to resign as Serbia, as I am leaving the Wiki. If I can ever return, I may just pick another country. Thank you everybody, it's a shame I couldn't stick with Serbia until the end. :( Stewdio333 (talk) 03:23, September 26, 2012 (UTC)
  • France condemns the sale of indulgences, stating that it is considered an offense toward God as it is no way into heaven. While they are still loyal to the church, they do not appreciate what it did. Their new child, named Louis, is sent to a high-class school where despite his young age, he will learn the basics of what he has to learn in his age before moving onto other things. Meanwhile, the country continues to prosper from trade. The population sees a boom as farms produce more than ever. They continue their war against Brittany, managing to wipe out any opposition considering the size of their country. They continue expanding their Cape Verde and Canary Island colonies. They send expeditions across the West African coast, where they meet up with African civilizations. After this, the government considers establishing a settlement in the region.
  • The Hashemite Caliphate, more interested in reuniting the Ummah than on Egyptian control over Najd, agrees to grant Shaybah power over the lands they claim, and grant them eastern Hadramwt. The western part (mostly the OTL Yemen border) goes to Yemen, although the town of Al Mukallah is kept directly by Marwan in Cairo.
    • Socotra is a colony of Oman you know. It is controlled mainly by Omani merchants who founded the colony with the help of the navy as a stopping point for Omani traders going to trade with the city states of Eastern Africa and in the Red Sea. The rest of the Caliphate is free to use Socotra's ports but it is already owned by Oman.
    • Oh, I'm sorry. I thought that since the Mamluks held Hadramwt they also held Socotra.
  • Alodia suffers a wave of conversions to Islam after the beginning of the Muslim unification process. Despite this, the Alodian government keeps expanding, growing another 1000 sq km north in an attempt to reunite the Nubians and get adjacent to Hashemite territory
  • Tibet: Military buildup continues, mainly in the north, as the Dual Khanate continues to expand. The monasteries of Shigatse are expanded. Diplomats arrive in Kashmir, which is currently in a state of civil disarray, while roads/passes between Tibet and Nepal are improved and the eastward explorers continue to chart passes and other features on their journey to Kamarupa.
  • Venice continues funding their war efforts in Crimea and the Ottoman Empire. The Venetians manage to capture Constantinople from the Ottomans and solidify their defences against the expected counterattack from Bulgaria. Venice continues producing ships in its arsenal. Influence is increased over Modena, Mantua, Ferrara, Siena and Lacquers as Venetian artists (as in all forms of human arts) move into the other nations bringing along their wealth and knowledge.
  • Croatia's renaissance spreads to its outer provinces with new buildings erected in Split and other towns and cities.
  • The Byzantine Empire celebrates its victory at Constantinople. Rebuilding of ancient sites commences in parts of occupied Greece.
  • Chichen Itza ceases all naval expansion, the Emperor believing that the navy is at an adequate level. All resources are now devoted into expanding into Ceatl.
  • The Lakota: Settlers start heading due west thanks to cold winters in the north. Akecheta's home village becomes the center for Lakotan civilization and it's expanded. Military is improved.
  • The Manchurians continue expanding their country northward, and the infrastructure project is still ongoing. The Manchurians continue to expand their territory on Huatai Island.
  • Burgundy: With the vassalization of the Friesland, the occupation army returns and the Duke Philipp The Good dies in the city of Bruges, his son Charles the Bold becomes the regnant Duke of Burgundy, while seeing this, Charles chooses to put his brother Anthony in charge of Friesland Duchy, while this he also commands building up more ships for a new expansion fleet, more settlers are sent to the Burgundian Canaries mainly in the island of Fuerte Ventura, founding the city Neu Rotterdam and the outpost in Western Africa (OTL Mauritania) is expanded southward, the army prepares for a possible campaign into taking over Jerusalem or Antioch, but firstly it asks the Pope to be granted permission from him.
  • Friesland: Duke Anthony begins to build up the military for support any campaign of the Burgundians and ask to build up its relationships with Brandenburg, Venice, Genoa and Milan as well as a much more open one with the Pope Himself and an alliance with Portugal.
  • Korea continues to amp up their military, as well as the Explorers Corps. In order to test their new military capabilities, a border incident is staged at the Korean-Manchurian border. It goes very well, with only two Korean soldiers killed to the five for Manchuria. The Korea government apologizes for the incident and promises compensation for the five soldiers killed.
  • Switzerland accepts the Milanese alliance request, and the Swiss Knights receive a boost in membership, and they now number 2000 troops.
  • Updating the military occurs in Novgorod.


The Kazakh-Mongol vassal of the Nogai Khanate officially declares war on Ryazan after they refuse to pay the demanded tribute. The tiny Russian nation is easily crushed by the Kazakh-Mongol forces, and its capital is under siege by the end of the year.

The Vinlanders continue to expand their territory on the Island of Vinland.

  • Ashikaga Shogunate continues to build up their military and also expands more into 北海道 (Hokkaidō) and bit more upward the 千島列島 (Chishima Islands) and Ainu still continues to be fought against.
  • Portugal continues preparing its military. Meanwhile, João de Santarém e Pedro de Escobar, on their expeditions on the African coast, discover lands on more southern latitudes. In the same year, Fernão do Pó sails farther into the Gulf of Guinea, and discovers an island that he calls Formosa Flora (OTL Bioko),and claims it for Portugal, even though trying to make a settlement there would be difficult, if not impossible by now. Another two islands are discovered and called São Tomé and Santo Antão, respectively. Meanwhile, the settling on São Nicolau expands 350 sq km, and the Portuguese controlled area in Tamarán expands 250 sq km. Native resistance continues there. Meanwhile, they receive an alliance offer from Friesland, and ask why the Frisians are asking for an alliance.
    • Friesland Dip: The purpose of the alliance is for political purposes and bellical in case of any conflict from each side as a support for the nations.
  • The Manchurians continue expanding their country northward, and the infrastructure project is still ongoing. The Manchurians continue to expand their territory on Huatai Island. They send a message to the Koreans stating that the border incident is forgiven.
  • Inca Empire: The Inca Huayna Capac has reformed the army, and has launched a recruitment program and intensive training. The powerful Imperial Army now consists of 20,000 infantry, and half of them running toward the south. The city-states of the southern Andes are "invited" to be part of the Empire: the cities shall be recognized as imperial cities, should accept the worship of the god Inti although can keep their local deities, can keep their customs, must pay a tribute - not very high - and 5% of the men of each city must join the army. Atahualpa, son of the Inca, starting toward the south and city after city is incorporating the territories one by one. From Cuzco, the capital city of empire, the Emperor Huayna Capac sends browsers and spies to lands to the north.
  • Florence begins investing in building up its navy, considering opening trade with friendly or neutral nations outside the Mediterranean.
    • England (Ireland, Mann, Calais and Pessaro) ask an alliance.
  • The Caliphate has ordered the end of vassalization within the Empire. Also, the Zayyanids join the Caliphate due to its apparent prosperity, and try making Morocco join, which refuses. The Crimeans also join due to all of the states in the Caliphate showing strong support for it and not being able to repay its debt, which the Caliphate will take on.
  • The Caliphate province of Qoyunlu keeps training its officers. Qoyunlu's economy is staggering, however, because of the loss of its vassals, which helped humoungously.
  • The Caliphate province of Yemen has population swell.
  • The Caliphate province of Circassia has begun to find new intuitive ways to do things, such as building more complex guns.
  • The former Mamluk territory is reorganised into the Caliphal Province of Misr, Sham and Hijaz, although the name Caliphate Province of Egypt is used for short. It begins to work on shipbuilding so as to protect all routes throughout the Indian and Mediterranean Oceans, and to prepare a strong fleet to counter any Christian or Ottoman attacks. They also send emissaries to the Turkish states, the states in East Africa, Adal, Funj and south, the caravan routes into western Africa attempting to contact the mythical Mali and Songhai. The emissaries are to tell of the wealth and power of the Caliphate and to convince them to join.
  • Alodia continues to expand northward to contact territory with the Caliphate. Islamic population continues to grow.
  • England imports more and more artillery from Germany and Italy (now that Pessaro provides) for the navy. Also, the infantry begins to train with new guns. Arquebusers' organized regiments are becoming the most effective war machine against the Irish skirmishes on the border. Meanwhile, King George I realises the efficiency of the Tynwald of Man and decides to adopt the system for his own realms. The Parliament of England is reorganized into a single chamber with members electod from the nobility by the nobles themselves, men from the clergy, appointed by the ecclesiastical authority (the Apostolic Nuncio), and the burger commissioners, elected by districts (organized by strategic importance: population, taxes, etc...) from and by the burgers (inhabitants of cities and fields who own land or other goods of their own). Burgers often organise themselves into guilds and clubs, making de facto "parties". The Parliament of Ireland is organised in this way as well, though the King appoints some of its ministers. England joins the Imperial Merchant Guild as an associate member, without abandoning the Hanseatic League.
  • Calais acts as the main center of commerce between Germany, Novgorod and Britain. The English pennies start to be minted and distributed for common usage. As it has more value than the old Luxemburgish coin and others, it does not have problems becoming a common coin in north-western Germany. Edmund I travels to Pessaro, and, after organising the city-state, its governance and the Order's general military matters, he travels to Rome. There, he asks the Pope to call for a council on the formation of this rare new Caliphate, which is growing quickly and with clear hostile intentions to the Eternal City.
  • Bavaria voices its concern over the growing Caliphate and begins a secret buildup of military forces massively while still remaining "officially neutral." The Imperial Merchants Guild grows in influence throughout Europe with a new Chapter House in Hastings, England and Calais. Karolin is still being funded. The economy is still sluggish but is showing signs of improvment. More and more lower class citizens begin to openly protest indulgences, saying that is a cruel and unfair practice on the poor. In effort to refill Bavarian coffers, the Jews and Orthodox begin to be more heavily taxed (as long as they are of sufficient wealth). The nation rejoices as the King recovers from his illness, albeit rather weakly. The Reichstag sends a petition to the Emperor to allow Bavaria to mint its own coin, the Bavarian Royal.
  • Baden-Wurttemberg expands industry. Karolin celebrates the 2500 person mark. The Conclave of Kings holds its first meeting in the new capital.
  • Saxony: The Elector realises that his chief herald will never return from the Ottomans, and is most probably dead. The Chief-Constable decides to begin forging his own cannon, and many army workshops are opened up for that purpose. The Elector bans the selling of indulgences to the poor, saying that it is tantamount to extortion, and that the true sinners are the rich...including himself. The Elector starts up an order of chivalry for his most trusted and faithful knights, The Honourable Order of Saint Matilda. He inducts about ten knights, including his son, the Prince of Anhalt.
  • Austria almost concludes its war in Crimea. A few Mongol nobles convert, but most hold fast. Austria begins minting its own currency alongside the Imperial currency, although it is not released yet. The Mausoleum at Bodrum is completely rebuilt, along with a castle to protect the monument and city. Imperial taxes on goods such as spices imported from Muslim countries are made.
  • Papal States: The Pope begins to grow concerned with the rise of Muslim influence, and greatly aims to boost military efforts. In order to preserve the Catholic faith, he suggests that most coastal nations in Europe aim to improve their navies so that, if a Holy War does break out, Europe will be ready. As well, the Pope responds to Burgundy's blessing, secretly stating that it is ill-advised to cause a new war in Arabia this early, as it may unintentionally spark a Holy War without being prepared. To ensure a state of panic does not sweep over the States, the Pope considers a Jubilee for 1475. For the time being, however, the Pope and bishops continue advising the peoples to purchase indulgences, and many are sent to the Papal territories abroad.
  • China expands its military and sends scouts out to determine the situation with the Mongol hordes. Initial results strike fear into the hearts of some generals, many even considering starting a war. However, later results show that the Hordes do not post a direct threat to China and the generals calm down.
  • Scotland continues to improve life in the conquered Irish areas. King James II tells the Irishmen that they shall be treated no differently from the Scottish. Meanwhile, he contacts England, suggesting that the two nations, both of which claim large portions of the free Irish states, launch a joint attack on those states in 7-9 years. What say the English? Meanwhile, as young Prince John is now of 13 years of age, James begins looking for someone to arrange a marriage with, sometime in the next seven years.
    • George I agrees with this proposal and proposes that both states begin cooperating in the improvement of their armies.
  • Muscovy continues developing the military, and develops the world's first separate police force in Moscow. The Tsar announces talks with Novgorod as to a Russian Pact, which will unite all of Russia and Central Asia... whether they want it or not. Meanwhile, Muscovy announces support for the Muslims over the Catholic puppets and heretics.
    • Burgundy: We would desire that if we reach the point of conflict to not intervene in it unless your sovereignty is threatened by any of the belligerents.
    • Muscovy: They are not our allies either Muscovy will not intervene, unless of course it is attacked. Worry not.
  • Burgundy: With the consent of the Pope, Charles the Bold asks support from other European states who want to join in a new campaign to take over the Holy Land from the hands of the Muslims. It asks France, Castille, Aragon, Portugal, Venice, Austria, England, Scotland, and the Byzantine Empire to help in the Campaigns at the Mamluk Sultanate Territories of the Caliphate. If we achieve this we could Retake Jerusalem and Egypt (if we had really good luck). It states that if we succeed, each nation will receive land for their control in the conquered lands and if desired, to build vassal states (E.g Duchy of Antioch). This, the Duke Charles, Initiates with its fleet sending small squads of 100 men to the Burgundian Canaries and the Burgundian Cabo Verde. Growing trading with the Novgorodians impulse economics to some extent, while this the Duke sees the Italian arisal of arts as a wonder, deciding to bring artists into Burgundy. They have brought Latin in use as an artistic language. Charles, as his father, sets his eyes into Vassalizing Munster and he regathers the 3000 man army. This time with a backup of another 3000 men prepared for an invasion in the next years, expecting the aid of the Frisians. The outpost colony in Africa re-expands north in Africa and a small army of 500 defends it from Muslim Berber tribes. In western Burgundy, Charles initiates building a "fourth Rome" near Oostend which he calls Charlesopolis which he's told to be finished by the end of 1476, start of 1477
    • King George I of England, Ireland and Mann: "I am more than interested in the possibility of a war to recover the Holy Lands. However, we need support from both the Pope and the Emperor if we plan to achieve success. So it is important to spread this message of Christian charity all over Europe. If the Emperor remains in silence, I know my brother Edmund would support any candidate to the throne willing to make changes for the good of the entire Christiandom."
    • I'm sorry, but this cannot be done right now. Many European nations would love to help you, but they just finished a Holy War and the Pope has already declined (see post above). Bavaria is and will always be a supporter of the Faith, but to force Europe into yet another damaging war is foolish. We won't when. You do know that the more wars you have, the worse your score in the algorithms? Please reconsider. Bavaria says no and encourages those with common sense to agree.
  • Friesland: Anthony, like his brother, decides to bring Italian Artists into Frisia to bring some Arts into Northern Germany, as well in an attempt to bring a closer relationship with Burgundians, he gathers an army of 4000 men to invade Munster. Preparing for the invasion in a few years, he builds up with Burgundian aid a fleet of 50 ships in the first year. As well, he ask Novgorod and Epirus an alliance.
  • The Zulu continue to expand northward and southward on Madagascar, adding another 1000 sq mi to the Zulu Kingdom. On mainland Africa, the Zulu continue to expand northward, adding 500 sq mi to the Kingdom. The Zulu Navy is expanded, and begins to explore Southern Africa, and heads toward a rumoured cape. The Zulu Army moves in and begins to remove hostile natives from the new territories, as well as developing infrastructure.
  • Siam continues its exploration of the Malay Islands. Unauthorized settlement of Lanna and the Shan states continues and it is an unprotected settlement leading to the possibility of massacres of the immigrants. A trading post is established in the Adaman Islands protected by naval vessels. The navy is expanded more. The military forces along the southern border continue to mass and prepare for the coming assault and a few border skirmishes begin occuring between the Siamese forces and the Malaccan forces but no war is declared. Siamese agents continue to try to break up the Malaccan alliance. The destabilization of the Cambodian Royal Court continues so that a civil disorder breaks out and more power can be amassed by the Siamese diplomatic mission to finalize the vassalization of the Cambodian Kingdom. The exploration of Borneo's black areas continues, and a diplomatic mission is sent to Brunei to try to gain them as an ally. The increase in economic productiveness continues. And the King consults with the Royal Court about abolishing the enslaved populace to be more effective in mobilizing all the populace.
  • Venice ceases its campaign against the Ottomans with the Venetian troops holding on to OTL Greece and Thrace. Venice enters negotiations with the Ottomans on ceasing the war in return for OTL Greece and Thrace and the promise of no further aggression from Venice and the Byzantine Empire. The influential Florentine artist, Verrocchio moves to Venice at the Doge's persuasion bringing along many of his students. They settle in the Venetian archipelago where one of the islands is gifted to the artist as his workshop and place of residence. The Doge of Venice invites the Dukes of Modena, Manuta, Ferrara, Siena, Lacques, Milan and Florence to the 15th anniversary of the opening of the University of Venice. This invitation is also sent to the brightest Italian minds with the goal of luring them to Venice, a centre of trade and culture.
    • Only Epirus's player can decide what land is taken from the Ottomans.
    • He hasn't posted in five turns.
    • ​ True, plus Venice is generally stronger than Epirus by far. However, all of Greece and Thrace seems a bit more than the amount that Epirus won by the algorithm. Plus, losing that much would almost totally sever the Ottomans from their Balkan territory, and (unless your definition of Thrace is only the small part in modern Greece) result in the Ottomans losing their capital. I don't think we can force someone to lose half their nation plus their capital when they lost less than half the minimum required to topple the government.
    • Well I was planning on taking most of OTL Greece plus Constantinople, the Ottomans had no trouble going around for 100 years after they took Gallipoli, why should they now, even if it is to the north.
  • The Caliphate Province of the Ottomans continues its military buildup to help defend the Caliphate should war occur. The Caliphate is promised supreme control over the new Ottoman provinces foreign diplomacy. LONG LIVE THE CALIPH!!
  • The Caliphate Province of Wallachia continues its military and industrial buildup and celebrates its newfound equality in the Caliphate. LONG LIVE THE CALIPH!!!!
  • The Lakota: The Lakota expand their Nation 50 km? to the west. The Military is improved.
  • The Omani Imamate sees all the nations around them joining the Caliphate and the Imam Council votes to have Oman become part of the Caliphate; thus the Caliphate Province of Oman is forged. The title of Sultan of Oman goes to Caliph Marwan III as he is the new head of state for Oman, however the Sultan of Qoyunlu remains quite influential over Oman; but just as before, most of the regional control of Oman remains with the Omani Imamate. Oman builds up its military focusing mainly on the navy as Oman pledges to expand the Caliphate across the Indian Ocean. To do this Oman begins organising grand missions across the Indian Ocean to Muslim states to try to get their leaders to pledge allegiance to the Caliph and join the Hashemite Caliphate. The biggest of these missions goes to the Bahmani Sultanate, the Sultanate of Malacca, the Sultanate of Adal and the Sultanate of Zanzibar. Many other missions go to places like Bengal, the Delhi Sultanate and also to the various smaller Sultanates in Indonesia, too.
  • With his demands met, Emir Taimur bin Said has the Emirate of Shaybah become part of the Hashemite Caliphate. Using the new funding from the Caliphate treasury, Emir Taimur bin Said continues to build infrastructure and the capital city of Ghānah but at a much quicker rate. Shaybah also modernizes its military forces and expands the navy mostly. More Shaybahans become sea merchants and more Bedouin nomads become Shaybahan citizens as the Caliphate province of Shaybah also expands 4,000 sq km to the south to take over more coastline. Emir Taimur bin Said continues to plan his province's expansion so that the Caliphate will officially rule over all of Arabia.
  • The Novgorodian navy is built up, but the Novgorodians are worried about their lack of coastline, despite their near-monopoly over trade in the Baltic. Certain Nations stand in the way. The Novgorodian Weaponsmiths experiment with different ways to improve arquebuse design. Meanwhile, proposals go out to create a separate Veche in Kazan after most of the Guerrillas and saboteurs are stopped. The Current Prince of Novgorod Proposes a "Confederation/Union/Commonwealth of Great Russia", a much more centralized version of the HRE, with most of the power Lying in the hands of either Novgorod or Moscow. The Novgorodians improve trade relations with most of Europe, taking advantage of their near-complete control over the Hanseatic League. Their trade colony in Crimea shows some promise as it competes with Venetian and Holy Roman trade guilds.
  • Chichen Itza continues devoting a good portion of its power into expanding into Ceatl. Ometlacatl is required to send some aid, although they are expanding also.
  • The Caliphate province of Crimea ends their war with Austria.


The Nogai Khanate has totally annexed Ryazan. However, in the fighting, the Nogai Khan is killed. Without a strong heir, his officers contact the Dual Khans, asking who should be the next Nogai Khan. Mamash Khan, recently returned from forcing the Dimuratis to pay the Dual Khanate tribute so they wouldn't get attacked, declares himself Nogai Khan and absorbs the entire Nogai Khanate into the Dual Khanate proper. He also annexes most of the Crimean Khanate (save for the parts that the Europeans have taken in their war. Meanwhile, Godeng Khan is busy preparing the main armies of the Dual Khanate for a new war...

Crimea is a part of the Caliphate. They just can't annex it, they have to declare war.

The Caliphate can't just annex Crimea.

They joined... As you said, there government would have fallen apart. Who was their major supporter, the Caliphate...

The Vinlanders continue to expand their territory on the Island of Vinland.

  • Portugal: Native resistance continues in Tamarán, and the colony of Cabo Verde expands there by 250 sq km. Meanwhile, Afonso V gives the title of Duke Of Coimbra, which had been vacant since Pedro of Coimbra's death in 1449, to his second son João. Meanwhile, João of Viseu dies, and as he had no issue, his brother Diogo, then Duke of Beja, take his title. The title of Duke of Beja is later transferred to Duarte, his younger brother. Meanwhile, Portugal continues preparing its armies.
  • The Manchurians continue expanding their country northward, and the infrastructure project is still ongoing. The Manchurians continue to expand their territory on Huatai Island.
  • The Caliphate Province of the Ottomans continues its military buildup to help defend the Caliphate should war occur. The Caliphate is promised supreme control over the new Ottoman provinces foreign diplomacy. LONG LIVE THE CALIPH!!
  • The Caliphate Province of Wallachia continues its military and industrial buildup and celebrates its newfound equality in the Caliphate. LONG LIVE THE CALIPH!!!!
  • Ashikaga Shogunate continues to build up their military and also expands more into 北海道 (Hokkaidō) and bit more upward the 千島列島 (Chishima Islands) and Ainu still continues to be fought against. Shogun Ashikaga Yoshimasa resigns and Ashikaga Fumikazu becomes new Shogun.
  • The Inca Empire: sent chamans to the city-states of the southern, and try very easily to expand the religion: the cult of the god Inti and his son the Inca, also opening trade in a huge scale. Meanwhile, the army of Atahualpa occupies the ports on the west coast and starts the investigation of the ships, using the technology of the floating islands of Lake Titicaca. Toward the north, the Chimú Kingdom passes through a severe drought and the Inca sends ambassadors to negotiate an exchange of supplies by the knowledge in the forging of heavy metals. The Chimú King Muchik accepts and occurs the exchanges, the relationship is very good and it was agreed the marriage between Cusi the daughter of the King Muchik and Huáscar the son of the Inca. Meanwhile the empire expands toward the east, incorporating small tribes of the virgin jungle, and building small villas and forts at the intersections of the rivers to strengthen the incoming expansions.
  • Muscovy and its armies continue modernizing. A new road is built, running through Tver, going all the way to Rostov. Tsar Ivan III, meanwhile, announces the coffers of Muscovy's government are literally bursting, all taxes will be cut in half. sends the armies to the very edge of Muscovy, where the Golden Horde was conquered, where they launch an assault on the thing that sort of curves around Novgorod (???)
    • That is the Sibir Khanate, which is a vassal of the Dual Khanate. Which means you have to deal with the Dual Khanate's huge population and its *1.5 advantage in all wars, so maybe you should wait five years or so for the Dual Khanate's advantage to go away. (Plus, conquering the Sibir Khanate would give Muscovy an incredibly awkward shape.
    • Mmm... yeah, you're right about the Khanate part. Screw that. But I don't see a problem with an awkward shape, lol.
  • Korea continues to amp up their military as well as fund their Explorers Corps.
  • Chichen Itza continues building and expanding on the island of Ceatl. Maps are being made of the Caribbean Sea, to provide easier navigation for ships. Vessels are sent to lands all around the sea, sampling goods there.
  • Georgia continues to expand and improve the military. There is also a small baby boom due to a good growing year for farmers. Many Georgians move to Terbizond. As threats continue to grow all around Georgia they send alliances to Venice and Austria. Georgia also begins to develop better relations with the Principality of Moldavia the other Orthodox state on the Black Sea. Jews begin to become very influential in Georgia's Caspian Sea port.
  • Holy Roman troops, while increasing their numbers, also begin building fortifications along the empire, eager to protect the borders should war with the Caliphate begin. 1473 turns out to be quite the pivotal year for the Holy Roman Empire, as the Holy Roman Mark enters circulation, and the Mausoleum of Bodrum is sanctified as a national treasure. An alliance is secured with Hungary and its new King Mattias Corvinus, securing one front should war break out with the Ottoman Turks. Frederick III continues beseeching Spain to allow a royal wedding between his heir and Isabella of Castille (can I do this please?). After several years of captivity and torture, Ahmed Khan of the former Golden Horde converts to Christianity, taking the name Casimir Kuchuk. Although wary of him, Frederick gives him limited control over the frontier territory. Savoy and its fellow members sign the unification treaty, and Austrian diplomats are sent out to negotiate other states to support the treaty and sign it.
    • Unholy Rome is told to watch its back. Soon the Caliphate will drive you into the dirt and force upon Europe the true faith with the Pope being executed and his body being cut up and spread acroos the Caliphate's new European provinces. Your days are numbered...
    • If the marriage does go through, can you give them a daughter for an eldest child so she can marry the heir of Brandenburg-Aragon and unite Spain?
  • Florence accepts England's alliance, opening up several new trade routes with them immediately.
  • Milanese economy grows, also the roads and the Universities are growing up. The weapons industry is growing and so manufacture of arquebuses. The influence over Monaco, Montferrat and even Savoy grows up a little more. Montferrat is now a vassal state after the economical, political and military influence of the (recently weak) Savoy is weakened and replace by the Milanese prosperity.
  • Genoa: The IMG continues working to expand its influence in the West Mediterranean.
  • Asti: The relations between Carlo Gonzaga and William VIII are better, both heads of state are thinking about a dynastic union in the future generations.
  • The Caliph Marwan approves of defense against the Georgians, who he has found out have shown interest in Circassia. He also fears that they will help the Advancing Mongols. (I am adding all nations in the Caliphate as they are bound by treaty, if they wish not to be in the war, which will be taken as a revolt, they can so say)
  • The Caliphate Province of Qoyunlu continues to work on its officers declares war on Georgia, which it fears might help the Mongols against it.
  • The Caliphate Province of Circassia expands its military and prepares a large military force and marches into Georgia.
    • The Caliphate Province of the Ottomans sends 45,000 troops to assist in the invasion.
  • Ethiopia: The Ethiopians expand the empire 1750 sq km into Eritrea, and expansion of the military continues. Also, the establishment of the University of Axum helps the empire's best and brightest subjects explore the realms of science. The Emperor states that he intends to make Ethiopia a center of science and research in the coming decades, and secure his nation's place in the history of the world.
  • Siam continues causing domestic issues in Cambodia to finalize the vassalization. All previous economic programs are continued. The previous exploration programs are continued. The military gears up for war.
  • The Caliphate province of Oman continues to build up its military, and begins to create the Grand Caliphate Fleet of the Eastern Seas. The GCF-ES will give the Caliphate unrivalled naval dominance over the Indian Ocean and surrounding seas, and will ensure the Caliphate's trade routes are not cut. With the promise of better protection from pirates, many more Omani people become merchants trading across the Indian Ocean, and spreading Islam. The conversion missions across the Indian Ocean to Muslim states to try to get their leaders to pledge allegiance to the Caliph and join the Hashemite Caliphate continue. The mission to get the Bahmani Sultanate to pledge allegiance is going very well and Oman begins plotting for the Caliphate to go and take over most of India via invasion via Bahmani and the invasion of Khanates in the way. The Sultanate of Malacca is also promised military protection from Siam if Malacca allow themselves to become vassalized by the Caliphate. The Sultanate of Adal is given a similar option to protect Adal from Ethiopia. Omani preachers also go to the Zulu Kingdom to try to convert the Zulu people to following Islam.
  • The Caliphate province of Shaybah continues expanding to take over more land, this year the province expands 4,000 sq km to get more of Arabia under complete Caliphate rule. Emir Taimur bin Said also fathers his first son Akram bin Said with his wife Jinan bin Said. The city of Ghānah is also completed this year, and Emir Taimur bin Said moves his family into the newly built Ghānah palace. Ghānah's large port also allows Shaybah to help in the creation of the Grand Caliphate Fleet of the Eastern Seas. With this new commercial capital, Shaybah quickly becomes one of the largest exporters of glass, sand and camels.
  • Majapahit, in an effort to expand as fast as possible, decides to marries its King's eldest daughter to Sunda, forming a Union. The whole of the northernmost peninsula of Celebes is absorbed. Majapahit's explorers once again sail by Australia, naming it Maha Marubhuumih ('Great Desert').
  • Venice maintains a hold of its occupied territories in Greece and Thrace. The Venetian arsenal produces
    Ottoman proposal

    the allies will annex 13.5% of Ottoman territory. These territories are all Orthodox and have no connection to the Ottomans.

    more ships and in order to refurbish its war depleted treasury offers to sell one galley for 20 ducats. Several Venetian merchants snap up the offer but a few ships remain for other people and nations to buy. Pasquale Malipiero, the Doge of Venice is ousted for his failed handling of Venetian finances and failure to end the Ottoman War. His replacement is the Doe Nicolo Marcello, a former trader who has the Council of Ten convinced that he can help the Venetian economy recover and come to a diplomatic solution with the Ottomans. Nicolo offers the Ottoman Empire peace with Serbia, Albania, Epirus and the Byzantine Empire gaining the 14% of Ottoman territory they currently control. The Dukes of Modena, Mantua, Ferrara, Siena, Lacques and Savoy all attend the 15th anniversary of the opening of the Venetian university. There the various Dukes decide to sponsor the university and a couple of the Dukes decide to send their sons there to study.
    • Florence offers to buy several of the ships, sending congratulations to the new Doge as well
    • Doge Nicolo thanks the Florentines for their support and sends them five galleys at 20 ducats each.
    • Perhaps you should give the Ottomans control of the Dardenelles, so they aren't totally split in two? The current situation is going to make it incredibly difficult for them to control any of their European territory, basically dooming them.
    • Well they survived for 500 years with a bit of water dividing them, they can take a little extra water. But yea, they can sail around Thrace, it only takes a few extra hours. This isn't going to hurt them.
    • And yea, its not like the Byzantines and Christians wanted them to stay in Europe...
  • The Lakota: The Lakota continue to expand their nation 50 km west and military is improved.
  • George I of England asks Epirus and Serbia for alliance of mutual convinience and trade pacts with him the with the Monastic City-State of Pessaro. Meanwhile, Alcock achieves his third journey to Africa, reaching regions as far as Benin. He comes back to England and talks the King the marvels of the African continent. He decides to sends some more ships to the colony of Cap-Vert (expansion for another 20px or 1000 sq km). Meanwhile, George sends letter to Frederick III of the Holy Roman Empire and V of Austria: "I am very concerned about the current situation in the lands takes by the heretics [Muslims]. I would like to receive your permission to make my territories of the Aegean Sea, the Bailiwick of the Dodecanese, a special territory under the protection of the Imperial Forces. Off course, such islands would pay taxes and contribute the imperial army and navy with recruits. I would also like to establish an outpost for trade in Thrace and the Crimean Peninsula."
  • Edmund I of Calais returns from Pessaro. In his ways, he visits his brother-in-law, King Andreas II of All Bavarias, and the Emperor Frederick in Karolin. He also watches out for his son's education at the imperial capital. He also travels to VENICE for the anniversary of the venetian university, and asks the Doge if his son could study the venetian disciplines in navigation and commerce in such university, under the sight of the Doge, a fellow Prince-Elector of the Empire, when he reaches the age of eleven years. He appoints a young knight, called Alessandro di Gradara, to be Grand Commander of the Order of Saint Petroc and de facto Head of Government while he remains in Calais. Di Gradara asks the Emperor to welcome the City-State of Pessaro in the Empire as an ecclesiastical non-elector state. He aso begins negotiations with Naples. Edmund I sends an ambassador to the imperial state of Lorraine to negotiate some business.
    • The Doge agrees to allow Edmund's son to study at the University of Venice.
  • The Caliphal province of Egypt sends help to the Caliphate in the war against Georgia. They continue sending messengers to Mali, Songhai, the Funj and Adal, hoping to have them join the Caliphate. They continue to improve their navy.
  • Alodia continues expanding northward, adding another 1000 sq km to its area. Muslim population continues to grow.
  • Brandenburg continues building up its army and navy. A draft is reintroduced in accordance to the Empire-wide draft. The Prince and Princess' third child is born, and his name is Andreas after the King of Bavaria. Brandenburgish engineers also look into a new, more effective cannon and other new weapons to give the Empire over enemies. Brandenburg asks Scotland for an alliance.
  • Aragon continues building up its army and navy as well, and the King supports the marriage between the son of Emperor Frederick and Queen Isabella. This is, however, not out of good faith but in truth out of his own motives. Andreas is baptized in the capital. Aragon asks Scotland for an alliance.
  • Papal States: Military improvement continues, though more funding is spent on the navy. As well, having heard word of the Venetian proposal for Byzantine, the Pope states that Epirus should have significantly larger gains, though realizes it is not up to him. He instead continues to fund the territory of Antalya, which begins building several statues of Popes and bishops, one inp articular of Paul II. Meanwhile, the Church again pleads that no Holy War take place on Caliphate soil until a later date, despite the fact the Pope had received numerous threats from the Muslims.
  • Scotland accepts the alliance with Aragon. The Scots improve and rebuild the Irish provinces, and build a greater military force there, as well as a greater naval capacity. Scotland also begins having more humanist art and philosophy appear in it, encouraged by King James II, who is now actively looking for a future wife for his son John.
  • Novgorod Launches three more naval vessels this year. One proposed flag for the naiton is their naval jack with the Novgorodian seal upon it. The official number of Posadniks is lowered to one, making him the de facto "prime minister" of the nation (and like a prime minister in a constitutional not absolute monarchy). The official title of the Prince of Novgorod is changed to 'Veliki Knyaz Novgorodskiy i Knyaz Pskovskiy", which rouphly translates to Grand Duke (Prince) of Novgorod and Prince of Pskov". The Veche passes legislature that the Posadnik will act in the role of the Prince and Posadnik until the next Grand Prince is elected during a ten-day period if a Prince dies in office. The Current Grand Prince resigns his duties, as he is getting old, and as a surprise the Veche Invites Ivan III of moscow to be their Grand Duke, but with the same Ryad as his father had, if he choses to accept the position (his only real dutues being the supreme military commander if the Novgorod vehce or boyar council decides to go to war) and appointing of officials(must be approved by Veche) and signing legislature and making legislature(any and all actions must be approved by the veche and the Posadnik, chosen by the veche and confirmed by the Prince). Meanwhile, the Hanseatic League grows its outpost in Crimea, using the dodgy alliance between Poland-Lithuania and Novgorod to pass through to the Peninsula. The Growth of the league booms the economy to a certain extent, and fills the Novgorod treasury. Gunsmiths continue to work on ways to improve the Arquebuse design. A proposal is made to found an academy in Novgorod (the first of its kind in Russia), and later the first university in Russia.)


The Vinlanders continue to expand their territory on the Island of Vinland.

The Duke of Orleans marries into the House of Valois, taking over France in the process. The House of Orleans decides to strengthen the French borders especially at the strategic chokepoint region of Orleans. They declare war on and quickly occupy and annex Anjou and Nevers.

The Epirus War of Reconquest comes to an end with the Byzantine Empire taking charge of the peace negotiations.

  • Ashikaga Shogunate continues to build up their military and also expands more into 北海道 (Hokkaidō) and bit more upward the 千島列島 (Chishima Islands) and Ainu still continues to be fought against.
  • Portugal continues preparing its military. The colony of Cabo Verde expands 250 sq km on Tamarán, and native resistance continues. Meanwhile, King Afonso V dies, and is succeeded by his eldest son Afonso, later on the year, crowned "Afonso VI de Portugal, Algarves e daquém e dalém-mar em África", with the latter title being created recently. Meanwhile, in April, Anne Of York gives birth to a son, which is named Diogo. He dies in July.
  • The Inca Empire: The laws and reforms that gives the Inca increase the birthrate and the production of food, while the strength of the Imperial army is duplicated and it now reaches 60 thousand men well equipped. In the new ports of the Empire and under the command of Prince Atahualpa is improve the construction of ships and increases the knowledge of the winds and the navigation, starting the surveys and mapping of the coastal lands of the empire and nearby with the support of the Chimu Kingdom. Continues the assimilation of cities and lands to the south and the religious conversion is becoming stronger in the lands of the empire and its neighbors, the ambassadors are convincing to many local lords to join the empire through gifts and privileges to them and their descendants. In the meantime the Chimu Kingdom continues through a drought and famine spreads along the discontent of the people, in these circumstances the Prince Huascar (whose first son, Manco, has just been born of her marriage with the daughter of King Chimu) proposed in secret that the King Muchik must control the rich and fertile lands of northern to enhance wealth and prestige of the Kingdom, promising send military aid necessary. In the meantime the expansion in the virgin jungle of the eastern continuous and occupy large parts of territory Manoa up to the limit of the river called Madeira by the natives to whom it tries to civilize.
  • The Chimu doesn't exist anymore, you have conquered it some years ago.
  • Switzerland asks for full access to Genoan ports, hoping to connect Switzerland to the sea where the previous two attempts failed. The leader of the Swiss government has a speech (below).
  • Swiss D: Kings, queens, emperors and other leaders of Europe, as you all know, we have a new rising threat coming from the Muslims. This threat is strong, united, and will not hesitate to kill every European and destroy anything Christian. The only thing we can do is stand united, strong and ready to take the war to them should we need to. I encourage you to invest in your military, for when all the minds of Europa work together, we can raise armies that will go remembered in the books and minds of our descendants, and their descendants, and the children that will walk the planet thousands of years from now, and they will remember this was our finest hour! Let us raise the flags of industry and progress, and let smoke rise from every smithy, and sweat pour from our thinkers and smithers, let us go forward in unity and victory!
    • ​Milan and Genoa: Again, our proposal for you was that you vassalise Monaco with our help, so you get a port and in exchange the Swiss merchants would join the IMG under Bavarian directions. We would help you to connect with Monaco with our roads and protection.
    • Please only bold OOC for consistency's sake. Also, I don't see how it is remotely possible for Switzerland to vassalize Monaco, considering that the two don't share a border at all.
  • The Lakota: The Lakota continue to expand west 50 km and birthrates rise. Military is improved.
  • The Zulu Kingdom continues to expand northward, adding 1000 sq mi of land to the Kingdom. The Zulu Colonies in Madagascar expand south and northward, adding another 1000 sq mi of land to the Kingdom. The Zulu Army continues to remove hostile natives from the region, as well as developing the infrastructure of the Kingdom. The Zulu Kingdom continues to prosper from trade and access to new technologies, ideas, and food.
    • An Omani merchant wishes to build a mosque in your Kingdom to spread the Islamic faith peacefully, leading to better relations between your Kingdom and the Caliphate. Will you allow him?
  • The Holy Roman Empire now continues building up its army, although the navy is focused on this year. Galleys and Barques with small cannon and greek fire throwers are constructed. England's requests are granted, and the Emperor advises against vassalization of Monaco, as that somewhat lies in Savoy's sphere of influence. The University of Alchemy in Karolin is constructed, seeking new ways to refine gunepowder and greek fire. A marraige agreement is still request from Castile. Can I do this now, as he has not played for some time, and I can't wait forever.
  • China continues to expand its military as it sees increasing reports of Khanate militaristic expansions. The Chinese spies continue to go undiscovered. Meanwhile, the Oirat Provinces continue to expand their infrastructures. The area has seen a 10% population increase since its annexation, allowing more revenue for both China and the Oirat Provinces. Trade links between Manchuria and the Oirat Provinces are built for safer and more efficient trading.
  • Chichen Itza begins sending more settlers to Ceatl. Prisoners and slaves are used as farm hands, producing large crops of exotic foods for the country. Mapping continues, with more and more ships heading out to explore.
  • Tibet: The 1st Dalai Lama dies, causing sadness in many monastries, especially Drepung. Monks immediately start searching for a successor. The fortifications in the north continue to be improved, with the army having 40'000 official members and a similar number of backups/volunteers. 1500 km2 is incorporated on the north border. Supplies are brought to Nepal, and to Buddhist factions in Kashmir. Explorers and diplomats arrive in Kamarupa, and seek out Buddhist temples.
    • ​That is tantamount to declaring war on the Dual Khanate...
  • The Caliphate province of Oman continues to build up its military, and create the Grand Caliphate Fleet of the Eastern Seas. Oman urges a similar fleet to be built for the western seas (Mediterranean) so that the Christians won't raid our trade routes. The mission to get the Bahmani Sultanate to pledge allegiance to the Caliph continues, and now Oman goes to visit the Delhi Sultanate to try get them to join the Caliphate too. The Caliphate also forms an alliance with the Sultanate of Malacca as well as the other members of the League of Sumatra. The alliance also paves the way for better trading terms as the Caliphate can now import spices from Sumatra at a much lower price.
  • The Caliphate province of Shaybah continues expanding to take over more land, this year the province expands 4,000 sq km to get more of Arabia under complete Caliphate rule. Shaybah builds up its merchant fleet and military navy, as Shaybah commits more to building the Grand Caliphate Fleet of the Eastern Seas.
  • The Caliphate Province of the Ottomans continues its military buildup to help defend the Caliphate should war occur. The Caliphate is promised supreme control over the new Ottoman provinces foreign diplomacy. LONG LIVE THE CALIPH!!
  • The Caliphate Province of Wallachia continues its military and industrial buildup and celebrates its newfound equality in the Caliphate. LONG LIVE THE CALIPH!!!!
    • You can stop the caliph thingy now. It is rather annoying having that caps lock pop up...
  • Korea continues to amp up their military as well as fund their Explorers Corps. The Philippines and Taiwan continues to be settled. Korea also launches a huge surprise attack on Manchuria, and their troops are told this is to "reclaim the glorious lands of our forefathers.". Korean troops advance in very quickly, taking much of Manchuria. The Korean navy, which is drastically superior to the Manchurian one, and begins to sink many supply ships and warships. (Check talk page)
    • China condemns Korea for this action and defends Manchuria, providing Manchurian forces with Chinese reinforcements.
  • Cyprus decides to build a merchant shipping fleet for trade. Cyprus also sends trade agreements to Portugal.
    • Is this correct?
    • Why Portugal? Venice is already your trading partner. Plus Portugal at twice the distance, thus twice the risk and twice the cost. And if anything Cyprus would by fortifying every pebble on the island, the Caliphate is a-calling.
    • England, which possesses a few islands in the Aegean Sea, is open for trade with Cyprus. King George I also recomends Cyprus to let the english and imperial troops enter in its territory to defend the island from the caliphal threat.
  • ​Muscovy begins to gradually interfere with the Dual Khanate, playing off allies, assassinating officials, etc. The hope is to bring down the Khanate in just a year, and it appears to be succeeding, as the Khanate's armies begin to clash with each other. An assassination on Godeng deliberately fails, but leaves evidence that it was Mamash who hired the assassins. As a result, with the civil disarray, it is thought that they might fall within a year or two.
    • You can't control NPCs.
      • Or any other nation like that. Otherwise we'd just have chaos with everyone collapsing each other's governments.
      • The Dual Khanate literally has only three years left before it falls on its own, don't worry.
  • Papal States: After not having done so, the Pope officially denounces the Laudabiliter and signs the Inter Hiberniam (meaning "among Ireland," the opening words of the bull), which reinforces the English-Scottish compromise of 1469. The Church is overall pleased with the new bull, and prays the bull will not be withdrawn in the future. Meanwhile, the States continue improving security and military measures, and Papal trade ships from Antalya and Alfons are put on high alert to ensure raid ships and pirates do not compromise trade. The Pope also continues to try to gain relations with Cyprus (as to not have them fall into the hands of the Caliphate), and offers Cyprus an alliance and trade.
  • Venice ends the war with the Ottomans with Serbia, Albania and Epirus each moving their border 50 km into formerly Ottoman territories. The Byzantine Empire with the support of Venice annexes the lion's share taking most of OTL Greece and Thrace. The Papal States is given their exclave in Asia Minor. The Doge Nicolo finds that several diplomatic messages have fallen through Pasquale's hands including a very important alliance offer from England. Nicolo accepts this alliance and orders the arrest of Pasquale on the charge of treason. Pasquale flees to Cyprus and Venice demands the return of the former Doge or else Venice will no longer protect the island nation. Venice continues building more ships and the sale to Florence has helped kickstart the Venetian economy yet again. Venice submits a proposal to the HRE where the Venetian Trade League and the Imperial Trade League will ease competition and work together to take over European trade starting with the removal of the Hansatic remnants. The Duke of Siena sends his son to the University of Venice where he becomes entranced by the works of Verrocchio and spend a lot of time at his workshop.
  • The Byzantine empire begins the lengthy process of rebuilding devastated areas of Constantinople as well as the city walls. Emperor Demetri orders a census of the population of the conquered areas and has found that nearly 200,000 people have disappeared since the Empire last held these lands with Constantinople hardest hit. However there is some good new, with the centre of the Orthodox faith restored by Christian armies who have also liberated their peoples , Orthodox bishops decide slowly to begin the healing process between Christianity and Orthodoxy. The Byzantine Empire asks Italians to move to its lands in order to help repopulate the region and ensure the continued existance of the Roman Empire.
  • Croatia celebrates the return of its main armies. Their victory encourages many young men to join the Croatian army.
  • Brandenburg continues to build up its army and navy. The fourth child of the Prince Elector is born and she is named Mary after her mother. Prince Elector Wilhelm changes his title to King of Brandenburg (and obviously Aragon as well) while retaining the Elector position. (Is that possible? If not I'll remove the King part.) Brandenburg sends a fleet to the Papal States (although this will take a while) to demonstrate its new power and to send gifts to the Pope to thank him for his help against the heretics and the enemy.
  • Aragon continues to build up its army and navy. The King still supports the marriage of Isabella of Castile to the heir of Frederick III, Holy Roman Emperor, but still for his own motives. The King also comes to rule Aragon this year as part of his alternative locations of rulership.
  • Luxembourg continues to build up its army. The Duke dies with no heirs left and a war of succession opens. By the year's end the only remaining victor is the second son of the eldest cousin of the deceased Duke. The new Duke, Louis, announces several major reforms in Luxembourg.
  • Burgundy: In a campaign and seeing no reason to not to try it, the 6000 man army invades Munster with the support of the Frieslands, invading the entire country and Demanding to join the Burgundian Duchy or to be forced to war (not vassalization. I want to annex this country and I know it's going to take a while) the army marches in the cities while expecting response from the nation. While this the fleet is revamped with now 200 ships it continues increasing their colonies in Western Africa and the outpost near the Canary Islands continues growing soutward while the settlers continue to arrive to the islands. Military continues to be improved and Gunpowder is beginning to be used in new ways and small cannons are built for the purpose of protecting the French frontiers. The city of Charlesopolis continues to be built and the end of the its construction is now expected to be in the last months of 1475, Italian populators begin to bring their arts and helping into the construction of Charlesopolis.
  • Friesland: The army is revamped and the 4000 man army marches into Munster to help the Burgundian army into taking over, anthony passes internal constitutions to allow the population to leave under a relatively good life, he begins building up its navy with currently 40 ships under his command.
  • Milan is building up the infrastructure, more and more schools, manufacturers and trade routes are built by the IMG, Milan's population increases a lot because of the trade routes between the German states and Genoa. Alessandro Sforza continues gaining power in Genoa and uses his fortune to bribe many different Savoyan leaders to increase Sforza power over the Northwest Italy. The influence over Montferrat and Monca continues replacing French and Savoyan influence. Secretly a few nobles from Saluces and Savoy want to declare an independent Duchy.
  • Asti: Carlo Gonzaga and William (Montferrat) finally decide to unified their nations when both of them has died (under the marriage of their heirs).
  • Genoa: Alessandro Sforza and Campofregoso build a political alliance in Genoa. The navy is build up. Spinetta Campofregoso asks the Bavarian branch of the IMG to meet in Karolin and decide if we should work along Venice.
  • The Caliphate Province of Circassia annexes most of Georgia in its second year of war. However, it has left some territory to the Georgian gov't (2 pixels radius) in the premise that they convert to Islam, which they do.
  • The Caliphate Province of Granada starts building its navy.
  • Since when you can control NPC's like that?
  • Since it was a part of the Caliphate... The person roleplaying the Caliph is kinda like the mod of the Caliphate...
  • The Caliphate Province of Qoyunlu starts recruiting people for the army. The economy has been warped by the recent wars however, and those companies involved in supplying the military get loads of money, which include farmers, merchants, artisans. et cetera.
  • Novgorod updates its military and navy


The Dual Khanate divides their forces. Mamash leads an army to attack Lithuania. By the winter the Kazakhs and Mongols have sacked Kiev and ride to the west, sweeping the weak Lithuanians away. Godeng, regretfully cannot accompany Mamash, as he must return to the Tarim Basin to prepare a second army there.

These Khanates are really starting to annoy me...

  • Ashikaga Shogunate continues to build up their military and also expands more into 北海道 (Hokkaidō) and bit more upward the 千島列島 (Chishima Islands) and Ainu still continues to be fought against.
  • Portugal continues preapring its army. Meanwhile, the natives are defeated in Tamarán, and the colony of Cabo Verde expands there by 400 sq km. Meanwhile, in the end of the year, Anne Of York gives birth to a son, which is called Afonso. Meanwhile, João, now Duke of Coimbra, marries Eleanor of Viseu, sister of Diogo of Viseu.explorations around the Gulf of Guinea continue.
  • The Zulu Kingdom continues to expand northward, adding 500 sq mi to the mainland, while the Zulu outposts continue to expand into Madagascar, adding 1000 sq mi. The Zulu Army continues to deal with hostile natives as they move through the new territory. The Zulu Exploration Team returns with stories of a land in the far east and far north. Trade with other world nations continues, and the country prospers.
  • Ethiopia: The Ethiopians expand a farther 1,500 sq km into Eritrea, and over in Massawa, begins developing a navy for the empire. The Ethiopians also grow tired of dealing with Adal and send their largest force yet to annihilate the trifling Sultanate.
    • Shouldn't you have an algorithm?
    • You can't expand and build up your military the same turn.
    • Ah thank you for the info. I believe I should, but alas, nothing.
  • The Inca Empire: The Chimu Kingdom is totally annexed to the empire, all the city-states on the south regions become a part of the Empire and the Inca Huayca Cápac sends his son Atahualpa to explore and take possession of all the regions in the mountains (south of Bolivia and north of Argentina), fighting in small battles against the Araucanians. Meanwhile, Huascar marches to the north region with the army. In the jungle forts are built across a huge river (amazonas) and the empire takes possession of this region, too. The navy is developed more and more, and the exploration across all the coast of the continent becomes more frequent, also the army recruits more soldiers of all the land and rise to 100,000 men by the end of the year.
    • Um... No. Andes are still not passable for now, Amazon conquest is out of the question.
    • Uhmm... OK
    • I had to strike that first part about you annexing the Chimu because you already did it in 1466 (it was a mod event)
  • Muscovy continues expanding its army and destabilizing the Dual Khanate, playing off both Khans against each other. Meanwhile, a trade pact is suggested to Brandenburg (that is, we'll supply them - via a bit of coastline we'll get by 'windfall' soon enough - in case of war and they'll do the same.)
  • The Caliphate Province of the Ottomans continues its military buildup to help defend the Caliphate should war occur. Construction of war and peace oriented industries begins to keep the army modernized and people happy with luxury goods.
  • The Caliphate Province of Wallachia continues its military and industrial buildup and celebrates its newfound equality in the Caliphate. Construction of war and peace oriented industries begins to keep the army modernized and people happy with luxury goods.
  • Cyprus gladly accepts the English trade agreement and agrees to let English and Imperial troops onto the island. The Cyprian King marries the daughter of a wealthy Duke living in Cyprus. Cyprus also decides to create a small army and navy and asks England and Venice for a small amount of ships.
  • Chichen Itza begins studying the navies of other powers, specifically the navies of Zapotec city-states. Naval upgrades comprise of additions of outriggers and larger ships. The Emperor is pleased, and devotes more revenue toward these new technologies. More progress is made into Ceatl.
  • In Aragon, the Royal Family decides to remain there for another year. Lots of Hohenzollerns begin to flee Brandenburg for Aragon, although large loyal members remain in Brandenburg. Aragon builds up the army and navy and Aragon continues to ask Naples if it could rejoin the Crown as an autonomous state or even in union with Brandenburg and Aragon. Aragon asks to buy Sardinia at the least. Aragon also prepares for an invasion of Brittany. (If and only if this is plausible, it's just an expansionary thing. And it's unorganized, so I thought I might give it a go. If it isn't, feel free to cross it out.)
    • Well, theorically, Brittany is a vassal of France, so if you do it, you'll be at war with them and all France's vassals, but feel relieved that the former France player annexed nearly all his vassals on his quest for expansion. It's up to you if you want to declare war on France.
    • It depends. Friends! Romans! Countrymen! Lend me your arms! (Read: So, who from the HRE other than Brandenburg is going to help me? England too, maybe? Any enemies of France?)
    • I (England) may support this, but I want a bit...
  • In Brandenburg, the Great Gates of Berlin are completed. The Muscovite offer is secretely accepted. A Hohenzollern mansion outside Berlin catches fire, killing several royals inside, including but not limited Wilhelmina, the mother of Wilhelm and the husband of Karl, as well as six brothers and sisters of Wilhelm I and seventeen of their kids total. This causes a massive outrage and a large manhunt begins seeking the perpetrators of this horrendous crime. Luckily the Royal Family is alive since they were in Aragon at the time. The army and navy is expanded.
  • The Caliphate Province of Qoyunlu works on its navy. The economy continues to grow as the Qoyunlu army grows stronger.
  • The Caliphate sends threat to Mamsh and Goden to give back Crimea.
  • Tibet: The charting of passes through the Himalayas, particularly between Tibet and Nepal, continues. The nations starts sending supplies, military aid etc., to Buddhist factions in Kashmir in order to vassalize the country by the end of the decade. This would give Tibet a proper foothold on the Indian subcontinent, and allow easier communication, trade, etc. with Nepal and the rest of the subcontinent. In the meantime, on the north side of the nation, fortifications continue to be improved, though the Dual Khanate has largely shifted its military focus to the west, for now. The searching for a second Dalai Lama continues.
  • Saxony The army continues forging new cannon and some arquebuses. The Eector invites the royalty of Europe to a tournament in two years time, and begins preparations.
  • The Caliphate province of Oman continues to build up its military, and creates the Grand Caliphate Fleet of the Eastern Seas. Oman urges a similar fleet to be built for the western seas (Mediterranean) so that the Christians won't raid our trade routes. The mission to get the Bahmani Sultanate to pledge allegiance to the Caliph continues, as does the mission to get the Delhi Sultanate to try get them to join the Caliphate too. Oman also sends troops to help Adal stop Ethiopia; and the Omani Imam council calls for the entire caliphate to go and crush Ethiopia.
  • The Caliphate province of Shaybah continues expanding to take over more land, this year the province expands 5,000 sq km to get more of Arabia under complete Caliphate rule. Shaybah begins using military forces to get more of the Bedouin tribes to pledge allegiance to them. Shaybah builds up its merchant fleet and military navy, as Shaybah commits more to building the Grand Caliphate Fleet of the Eastern Seas.
  • China continues to expand its military and donate more troops to Manchuria.
  • Venice continues working on its navy with plans to develop a barque ready to be tested in real waters. The arsenal attempts to produce a ship as specified in the blueprints but the design fails and sinks into the lagoon. More redesigning is required. Cyprus is ordered to give back Pasquale or else the Venetian navy will abandon its patrols of that region. Venice develops its ties with Naples and pursuades them not to give up Sardinia and its peoples to foreigners, instead persuading Naples to allow Venice to purchase the island.
  • The Byzantine empire works on reconstruction and repopulation. Fearful of the Caliphate threat, the Emperor orders the construction of a series of coastal forts that will dominate the Greek coastline for centuries to come. The Emperor invites the Despot of Epirus to discuss the idea of a reunion between the two states since they are of the same culture and origins. The Despot is not easily swayed so the Emperor decides to wait for an opportunity...
  • Croatia develops its army. The nation attempts to foster closer relations with Hungary, fearful of the Mongols threat that will soon border Hungary.
  • Having spent the better part of 15 years building up its forces, Siam possesses one of the largest and best trained force in South East Asia which now stands and 60,000 the soldiers are armed all along the Malacca border while the navy is ready to begin operations. The troops spark a border skirmish and burn down a Malacca village with the intention of provoking Malacca into attacking them and withdraw to Siam. The reforms continue and suprisingly the Siamese royal court eventually goes along with the idea of emancipating the serfs and promoting a more trade-oriented society.
  • Scotland continues to improve its military forces stationed in Ireland, as well as improve its navy. The Scots continue to receive humanist ideas and art coming from the south from Italy. Gaelic continues to be promoted over Inglis.
  • The Imperial Army continues to prepare its forces, knowing that the war with someone is not that far off. Troops are deployed to other states other than Austria, Salzburg, and Tyrolia. The army is now spreading to such states as Savoy, Bavaria, Bohemia, Florence, and the Byzantine Empire, training the militias there and supplying support. Frederick III supports the alliance with Cyprus, and support amongst the Christian Mongols rises as well.
    • Can Austria support Aragon in the war against Brittany?
  • The Novgorodians work on building a navy, and the first Russian-built Caravel enters active service, as the Novgorodian navy is slowly re-organized from a regroupement of flotillas of 100 ladias or 50 koches into a western-stlyle naval force that in combination with the Hanseatic Navy has made Novgorod one of the dominant forces in the baltic and the dominant force in the eastern Baltic sea.
  • The Caliphal province of Egypt continues to improve its navy, although the army is given priority this year. With a sense of normality back in day-to-day life in Egypt, the growth in Coptic and Aramaic population continues. Emissaries are once again sent into all Muslim nations not in the Caliphate, hoping to have them join.
  • George I of England continues building up the navy, this time with gunpowder and other weapons brought directly from the Aegean territories. George keeps insisting in the urgency of kicking the muslims out of Europe definitively. Meanwhile, his brother Richard, Prince of York (23years of age), travels to the Dodecanese and decides to include the forces in Cyprus under his authority as Bailiff. Richard encourages Cyprus to grow as a military power, and even gives the King a public loan on money and ships. George and Joana celebrate his first son's birth, and he's called Stephen, born in February.
  • Edmund I commands the Knights of Saint Petroc to send supplies to the greeks in their enterprises to avoid muslim invations. Di Gradara fails after two years of negotiations with Naples to purchase the island of Malta. Edmund, seeing this, decides to encourage Yolande, Duchess of Lorraine to regain his ancestors' throne in Naples. Yolande, with the support of Calais, Pessaro and the Bailiwick of the Dodecanese, starts to brib Ferrante I of Naples. Many neapolitans, who think of their current sovereign as a tyrant and a monster, and think a government under a woman could be better, starts disturbances all across the Italian Kingdom. By the next year, Yolande will declare war. I espect Aragon and Milan's support in this...
  • Korea continues to take more of Manchuria, already having taken a third of the country. The government is barely hanging on, on the verge of collapse.
    • You are not permitted to defy the algorithm, you can't even take a sixth of Manchuria, let alone a third.
  • Milan builds up the army, thanks to the new weapons industry the Milanese army is self-sufficient in most senses (weapons, ammo, etc.) Alessandro Sforza continues gaining power in Genoa and uses his fortune to bribe many different Savoyan leaders to increase Sforza power over the Northwest Italy (Savoy is scared of France's expansionism). The influence over Montferrat and Monaco continues replacing other influences. Francesco Sforza moves many troops to Corsica and secretly promise support to Yolande. The small Milanese army build a two more ships. Ludovico Sforza marries the Savoyan heiress.
  • Genoa: Alessandro Sforza and Campofregoso partisans defeat all political opposition thanks to the IMG's money and the Sforza's power, a few hundreds of Genoan merchants and others migrate to Milan and Karolin. The German population in Genoa is doubled.
  • Asti: Carlo Gonzaga continues working in the Astian economy, the Genoan banks easily build a monopoly in all Astian economy, but the money always ends in Alessandro Sforza's friends.
  • The Manchurians begin work repairing damage to their infrastructure caused by the war with Korea. The Manchurians resume expanding their country northward. The Manchurians, unwilling to trust the Koreans anymore begin to heavily fortify their new southern border, and begin work modernizing their navy to catch up with the Koreans.


Lithuania is in ruins, only the tiny part in the west, in OTL Belarus and Lithuania, is still under the control of the Grand Duchy. The northern area, north of the line where the Prussian and Muscovian borders bend away from each other, remains free from Mongol rule, but has no central authority. Free Lithuanian fighters join with an army sent from Poland in attempt to regain their land from the Dual Khanate. The Kazakh-Mongols officially absorb Sibir into their country, and found the new Khanate of Ruthenia from the territory taken from the Lithuanians.

  • Ashikaga Shogunate continues to build up their military and also expands more into 北海道 (Hokkaidō) and bit more upward the 千島列島 (Chishima Islands) and Ainu still continues to be fought against. Jūzō Ayase dies this year as well, though his stories are kept safe by his daughter, Eiko Ayase.
  • Portugal continues preparing its army, and the naval technology is developed. Meanwhile, Afonso VI grants the title of Duke of Guimarães to his younger brother, Duarte. Meanwhile, he renames the style of the Prince heir of Portugal from "Prince of Portugal" to "Prince of Porto". The colony of Cabo verde expands 850 sq km on Tamarán, fully conquering the island. Meanwhile, Fernando, Marchess of Vila Viçosa, dies. His eldest son, Fernando, succeeds him on the Marquessate of Vila Viçosa and the County of Arraiolos. His second son, João, receives a new title: Marchess of Montemor-O-Novo. and his third son, Afonso, receives the title of Count of Faro, aside of the title of Count of Odemira that he already has by jure uxoris since he married the Countess of Odemira.
  • Naples: Ferdinand I of Naples is deposed of the government and executed, due to its unpopularity and inability to govern the Kingdom. His brother Tancred of Naples assumes the throne supported by the nobility, the people and the generals of the army, stopping in this manner the riots and returning the order in all the provinces of the Kingdom. The Kingdom of Naples, ruled now by Tancred II of the House of Naples, continues the expansion of the navy, under the banner of the Normandy traditions. The King orders the construction of new ports and the repair of the ancient, fortifications coastal peat bogs zones and at the same time is reorganized the Royal School of Navigation. In the interior of the Kingdom, the farmland is expanded to give greater productivity and to improve the quality of life and the growth of the population. Also is improving the military training in the Military Academies, as well as Superior and Royal Academy of Official where is the son of the King and heir to the throne: Pedro the courageous of Naples. Ambassadors are sent to seek alliances, as well as commercial treaties in the neighboring Kingdoms of Venice, Aragon, Milan and Portugal. At the same time a special embassy travels to ask the hand of the Duchess of Lorraine, Yolanda, and marriage to the Prince Peter.
    • Actually, the King of Naples by 1476 is Ferdinand I, and I doubt that Naples can be considered Norman anymore.
    • Normandy traditions ... In many areas in the south of Italy is still maintained traditions Norman for this period due to the fact that left an important naval and military structure, expelling muslims in his time and creating conflict until its incorporation into the crown of Aragon.
    • Again, Ferdinand had no brothers. If you want so much having a Tancred as King Of Naples, make him not related to the ruling dynasty at least.
      • OK, fixed.
    • Aragon accepts, but to better relations and regain the old ties, Aragon asks Naples to become an autonomous state of Aragon.
      • The Kingdom of Naples is independent, we want a good relation in the mediterranean but we refuse the proposal, but we offer military aid in your campaign of Brittany.
      • Accepted.
    • Venice states that we already have an alliance and recommends that Naples rejects the Aragonese proposal. Venice would like Naples to remain a free and independent Italian state, something Venice was unable to do ...
      • The last King was executed and we need re-affirm all alliances.
      • Well, then Venice accepts the alliance and hopes that Venetian trader will be allowed to maintain their monopoly on Neopolitian trade.
    • You see, this is the problem! I was hoping Naples wouldn't get a player and the mods could give me a response (which I asked for for FIFTEEN years) only to be ignored. Now my only hope is to rake up a massive invasion.
    • Yolande of Lorraine accepts to marry Pedro, but riots begin, as his heir, René, wants to hold the throne as heir instead of any Neapolitan, and he's supported by the nobility. After three months of inestability, Yolande decides that the west-south quarter of his duchy will be inherited by the King of Naples in condition of the County of Vaudémont, while the rest will be kept as the Principality of Lorraine (if the emperor grants such title) to René II.
      • Uhmmm... why? Lorraine has a player? René is son of Yolanda? How old is she? Where is Vaudémont? Naples is losing here...
      • I (England) am playing Lorraine as vassal. Yolande is a girl, René his son. She is 48. Vaudémont is in Lorraine.
        • We need better conditions here ...
    • Yo, is Yolande a guy or a girl? Cause Pedro be a male. And which country is this, and what's the player?
      • ​Yolanda a girl from Lorraine, Pedro the heir of Naples.
    • England asks an alliance and trade pact.
    • Calais and Pessaro ask military alliance and trade pacts, and suggest the King not to accept the Aragonese offer, but ask to join the Holy Roman Empire in the condition fo Electorate.
      • The King of Naples accept trade pact with Calais, Pessaro and with England also we ask for navy technology. We are gonna be neutral for now ...
    • Bold is for subtext only ...
  • Cyprus gives Pasquale back to Venice and also continues to develop its navy, with some ships possible of sailing to Egypt and the Aegean Islands. The Cypriot King now has a son! He is ordered to be taught about European history and various languages. He must also know significant amount of arithmetic and philosophy.
    • The King of Naples offer a comercial trait, and also install a fort in the island and small fleet to patrol the routs for protection
  • Cyprus accepts the trade gladly.
  • Venice already maintains several forts and a small fleet for Cyprus.
    • Cyprus is your vassal? we ask this for protection of our commercial fleet ... we wait for an answer from Cyprus.
  • Qoyunlu works on its army. After continuos emmisaries from both Egypt and Qoyunlu, Karaman and Candar join. However, due to historical friction, Kara Qoyunlu does not join. The tradition of small border warfare with Kara Qoyunlu has mostly died down since Qoyunlu joined the Caliphate. This has lead to Kara Qoyunlu gaining more wealth, and therefore is less fearfull of the large Qoyunlu. Relations with the Timurids gets better after some wealth is given to them by Qoyunlu as a sign of friendship, with a common enemy.
  • Chichen Itza continues naval improvement as larger and faster ships are built. The outriggers prove to be a genius idea, providing more stability for the ship. Shipping quickly increases, as more and more cargo can be loaded onto the ships. More expansion into Ceatl and Ometlacatl comenses.
  • Florence continues growing economically, setting up several new trade routes. It offers to expand its trade routes to include Naples, willing to make a commercial treaty.
    • The Kingdom of Naples accepts and also ask for military technology.
  • The Scots continue their military buildup in the Irish provinces, as well as their naval build up. They contact the English, asking them if they are willing to carry out a joint attack on the Free Irish in 1479, where they will finally make Ireland look like the map on the treaty. Meanwhile, King James II asks any Catholic nation if they have a potential wife for his 17 year old son John, the only rule is she must be between the ages of 14 and 23, be healthy and not deformed, Catholic Christian, and the child to a Duke or Prince or King.
    • Milan: Francesco Sforza has a daughter, Elisabetta Maria Sforza, 20 years, healthy.
    • The King of Brandenburg has his only surviving sister, Elise, who is unmarried and at the age of sixteen. (She's the daughter of a dead King. Does that count?)
    • The Duke of Luxembourg, Louis I, has a daughter, his only child, Marie, who is of the age of 15 and unmarried and not betrothed and not deformed and not unhealthy.
    • James II states that all three women are currently under consideration, but he will wait for the end of the year to make his decision, and that new offers are still appreciated.
    • The King of Naples has two daughters, Amelia de Naples 14 years of age, Agnes de Naples 13 years of age, and 2 sons, the Prince and heir Pedro 19 years of age, and the Prince Felipe 15 years of age.
    • England will happily carry on this joint attack.
  • Brandenburg continues to build up its army and navy. Brandenburg seeks a wife to be betrothed to the heir to the throne, Frederick. He is nine, so if she is between the ages of five and seven and the eldest daughter of a somebody, she might be accepted.
    • The subtitle of this game should be Principia Moderni II: Royal Wedding Planners, we're marrying Princes and Princesses all over the place!
    • Actually it's just to make each player's nation stronger and to gain more allies.
  • Aragon prepares for its war with Brittany and continues biulding up the navy and army. England is promised 30% of all the ports in Brittany or 25% of the gained land.
    • I like to help in your campaign, but we will fight France? In that case I will ask for small lands. Naples (sorry)
    • Who art thou? We only fight Brittany, and France will undoubtedly help the Bretons a bit. But if you are Bavaria, you can only help by sending troops to Brandenburg, who will send them to Brittany, and supplies to Brandenburg, which will really help the war.
    • England will help you ^^.
  • Sorry, I was in a four-day long meeting with no access to the internet. It was unexpected. What is the lowdown?Andr3w777 (talk) 01:42, October 1, 2012 (UTC)
  • Bavaria: Bavaria expands infrastructure and begins plans to officially sign the constitution. Concern mounts over the collapse of Poland-Lithuania. Money is still being sent to Karolin.
  • Baden-Wurttemberg: Continues to expand military and continues construction of major monuments in Karolin. The University of Stuttgart grows.
  • The Holy Roman Army does not plan to get into any conflict right now, but might send some supplies. Karolin grows to over 4000 residents. Preparations are built along the Polish border if the Khanates break through.
  • Milan works on its army. We accept Naples's trade treaty. The influence over Northwest Italy (Monaco, Salucces, Savoy and Montferrat) grows. A Milanese colony is established in Genoa.
  • Genoa: The Sforza power is increased as Alessandro buys little banks. The navy is built up with new and better ships.
  • Asti: The army is built up.
  • Tibet: It is announced new elections will be held the next year. The current (and first) Premier of Tibet, Gendun Wacheng, will run again. The two-year-old Xeu Gyatsen is "identified" by monks at the monastery Tashilhunpo (which was founded by the first Dalai Lama) in Shigatse as the second Dalai Lama. A number of other monks and politicians criticise this, calling it a political manoeuver or propaganda, as Thunsen Gyatsen, Xeu's father, is running for Premier. In the meantime, the vassalization of Kashmir continues, with Buddhist/Tibetan factions gaining in power, number and size. The military buildup in the north lessens for now, with the focus being on the new elections and Kashmir. The Himalayan explorers continue to chart the mountains on the border with Kamarupa.
  • Inca Empire: The navy is more and more upgraded, and the exploration to the coast north is farther away, the army completes the annexation of all the south territories, and forts are built to protect the borders. Population keeps growing all across the empire.
  • Venetian shipwrights continue reworking the design for a faster ship and have it almost nailed. The arsenal produces more naval units and the Doge, keen to enhance the power of Venice, orders the construction of a second, slightly smaller arsenal. The Doge thanks Cyprus for the return of Pasquale who is publicly executed for treason. In another case, three men are charged with sodomy in Venetian courts, one of which is the son of the Duke of Siena. Thanks to the political power that Siena holds in Venice, the three men get off scot-free. The Duke immediately withdraws his son from the university and keeps him locked in courtlife. Tradegy hits Venice at the end of the year with the Doge dying of natural causes. Pietro Mocenigo is elected Doge and with his previous role as admiral of the Aegean, Venice is sure to experience a growth in land and power.
  • The Byzantine empire continues reconstruction and repopulation. It increases its defense to the north fearful of Ottoman attack and continues the construction of hundreds of small forts along the Aegean coast.
  • The Croatians continue building up their fortifications to the north, fearful of the Khanates that are at Hungary's border.
  • What did I do to deserve this??? I've just been really busy with school for a while and come back to this? Poland asks the nations of Europe to aid it against the Khanates. King Casimir IV sends a Polish noble to literally beg the Pope to rally the Christians against the Muslim Khanates. Poland trains a force of 50,000 new men to help buff up the army. Poland invokes the alliances it has with Venice, Denmark and Brandenburg and even offers to join the HRE if they help it.
    • You were gone for 17 days, that is way beyond the week long inactivity mark. We have explicit rules as to how often you must edit to be considered active. If you are incapable of following them, then it is your fault.
  • Lithuania works with Poland in order to try to protect the last areas it holds. The Lithuanian people who are half Catholic and half Orthodox, plea to both religions to protect their bretheren. Novgorod and Moscovy are asked to help as they defeated the Golden Horde.
  • The Caliphate Province of the Ottomans continues its military buildup to help defend the Caliphate should war occur. Construction of war and peace oriented industries continues to keep the army modernized and people happy with luxerous goods.
  • The Caliphate Province of Wallachia continues its military and industrial buildup and celebrates its newfound equality in the Caliphate. Construction of war and peace oriented industries continues to keep the army modernized and people happy with luxerous goods.
  • The Manchurians continue work repairing damage to their infrastructure caused by the war with Korea. The Manchurians continue expanding their country northward. The Manchurians continue the work on upgrading their navy, which had been all but destroyed during the war. The Manchurians offer to start negotiations with Korea in order to comprehensively solve any remaining border issues between Manchuria and Korea.
  • Siamese: Decide to invade the malaccan Sultanate with the intention of securing the stratigetic area at the tip of the peninsula and to ensure that Siam is able to protect its southern borders by securing the area's port cities to avoid foreign nations stepping onto the peninsula, the King states that the war is not one of religion and that all Muslims will be respected for their faith. The army is expanded with the drafting of several of the former serfs bringing the numbers of the army up to 70,000 and the navy is also expanded to deal with another five junks and several other smaller ships. an alliance offer is sent to Brunei, Banjar and Sumedang offering them a part of the spoils in the war if they join the war. economic reforms continue and a growing merchant class begins to appear in the Kingdom. The King begins to grow ill and his son is giving more responsibility in the management of the state. colonization on the northern-western tip of Borneo begins.
  • The Caliphate province of Oman continues to build up its military, and create the Grand Caliphate Fleet of the Eastern Seas. The mission to get the Bahmani Sultanate to pledge allegiance to the Caliph continues, as does the mission to get the Delhi Sultanate to try get them to join the Caliphate too. Oman also sends troops to help Adal stop Ethiopia and the Omani Imam council meet with the Caliph to discuss the Adal situation.
  • The Caliphate province of Shaybah continues expanding to take over more land, this year the province expands 5,000 sq km to the west to get more of Arabia under complete Caliphate rule. Shaybah begins using military forces to get more of the Bedouin tribes to pledge allegiance to them. Shaybah builds up its merchant fleet and military navy, as Shaybah commits more to building the Grand Caliphate Fleet of the Eastern Seas. The Emir of Shaybah also meets with the Caliph to discuss how the Caliphate will take control of the Nejd.
  • The Caliph asks all of the provinces to help contribute to the building of the Caliphate's new grand fleets. He asks nations to help build the Grand Fleet of the Eastern Seas (Indian Ocean, Persian Gulf, Red Sea, Arabian Sea, etc.) and the Grand Fleet of the Western Seas (the Mediterranean sea); and the Caliph also organises the building of the Black Sea fleet as an offshoot of the Grand Fleet of the Western Seas. The Caliphate pours lots of money into these large fleets, and the Caliph vows to continue to ensure the Caliphate is the dominant naval power in the world. This massive increase in naval spending, causes a large increase in the amount of merchants in the Caliphate, as many more people take to the seas to trade protected by the large super fleets of the Caliphate. The Caliphate's economy booms and grows exponentially. The Caliph also begins planning new provincial divisions to give the Caliphate's subjects more regional governance. The Caliph also allows troops from Oman to go and protect Adal from Ethiopia, and offers the Sultan of Adal to allow Adal to become a vassal of the Caliphate in return for complete Caliphate protection.
  • The Lakota: The Lakota expand 50 km and military is improved.
  • Muscovy invades the unconquered sections of Lithuania. Smashing through the already defenceless area, it then sacks the area with no central authority, before continuing on and destroying the Duchy itself. Novgorod is invited into the war.
    • Geee, thanks. I asked you to help me in the war against the Khanates so I get attacked even more? NICE!
  • Papal States: The Pope is discouraged at the toppling of Poland-Lithuania, but mentions that he cannot help due to the fact the States are too far away to send notable help, the Church has spent too much money on wars recently, and the fact that Poland had attacked the Teutonic Knights to gain a coast. Meanwhile, available funding is given toward faith encouragement, along with military and naval growth. The Pope is also alarmed to hear that the Caliphate has grown exponentially in the recent years, and most available ships and knights are sent to Alfons, Antalya and if requested, Cyprus.
  • Korea continues into Manchuria, where they now have 26.37%. They offer peace to Manchuria on the terms that they take 30% of the land. They also offer to help in the modernization of the Manchurian navy to Korean standards, as a way of declaring peace between the two nations. They hope they can resume normal relations within a few years. The Philippines begins to be settled heavily.
  • The Novgorodians continue to build ships and purchase arquebuses. The Novgorodian navy is being prepped for an assault, and the naval force of the Hansea is being readies with new supplies, as if a war is on the horizon... Meanwhile, some freelancers are hired by Novgorod to fly the Polish flag and attack league ships...
    • Really? Why thank you! I asked for help against the Khanates so invade me more please!
  • Switzerland bribes officials and subtly expands influence in Monaco, and assassins silence anyone who finds out about this.


Dual Khanate at its height

The Dual Khanate (in red) at its height, with tributary Dimurats and the Ruthenian Khanate vassal in lighter red

The Kazakh-Mongol forces utterly decimate the Polish forces sent against them, building a Timur-esque tower with the skulls of their enemies. Mamash Khan then turns his attention south, to Moldovia. He leads his army on a break-neck pace to attack the Moldovians. Mamash Khan's forces win easy victories against the Moldovians, taking much of their land for the Ruthenian Khanate. However, a stray arrow in the battle hits Mamash, killing the Khan. His armies stop attacking the Moldovians as they are now leaderless. Meanwhile, Godeng continues to build up an army in the Tarim Basin, unaware of his partner's death...
  • Ashikaga Shogunate continues to build up their military and also expands more into 北海道 (Hokkaidō) and bit more upward the 千島列島 (Chishima Islands) and Ainu still continues to be fought against.
  • Portugal continues preparing its army, meanwhile, the naval technology is developed. Meanwhile, Anne Of York gives birth to a daughter, which is called Leonor. Meanwhile, in Tamarán, the main settlement there is renamed Palmeiras de Tamarán, and a settlement called Artenara is founded on the west coast. Meanwhile, an attempt to conquer the Bissagós islands, near the feitoria south of Cacheu, which is now known as Bissau, fails.
  • The Caliphate Province of Qoyunlu build its navy in the Black Sea. The economy continues to rise at rapid flates and the currency of Qoyunlu faces deflation, which scares some officials. The military business is thriving the most, with port towns making literally tonnes of money a year. Many ships are also being built for merchants, who now feel more confidant.
  • The Caliphate Province of Circassia is slightly destabilised by the waves of incoming Turks pushed back by the Mongolians, and a few minor revolts happen with the native population, which are put down speedely with Circassia's military.
  • The Caliphate Province of Dulkadir begins building its army.
  • The Caliphate Province of Ramazan begins building it navy.
  • I thought that both of them were NPC's.
  • They are, but they border Qoyunlu and is in the Caliphate. Through agreement I can control their actions. Like Circassia.
  • Actually, i just saw that both Ramazan and Dulkadir are your, you can control them.
  • No, vassalisation is disallowed within the empire. They are former vassals of Qoyunlu.
  • I can't understand this system.
  • The Siamese forces begin invading northern Malacca (need a algorithm for this) and the navy is expanded and begins fighting the Malaccan navy. colonization of north Borneo continues. The economy continues to grow as the movement of goods and people are facilitated now by the emancipation of serfs. Religion is expanded into the Malay peninsula but the toleration of muslims is pushed by the King who grows ever weaker and his son takes on more duties. The vassalization of Cambodia continues as a new civil war grows on the horizon in the country and the Siamese start backing one of the sides. once again Brunei, and the other states are invited to Siam.
  • England amps up its navy, as new professional sailors come from Ireland, Man and Pessaro. Many men of Germany, knowing about the value of the English penny, move to Calais and beomce part of the English-controlled militia of the city, that is trained there and then travels to England to swear loyalty to the King.
  • Pessaro asks Naples to purchase the island of Malta. In exchange, Edmund I and di Gradara promise to sell the Neapolitans the military technologies of Englang and help avoiding the commercial influences of other countries in Naples.
    • Naples lands are not for sale.
  • The Manchurians continue work repairing damage to their infrastructure caused by the war with Korea. The Manchurians continue expanding their country northward. The Manchurians continue the work on upgrading their navy, which had been all but destroyed during the war.
    • Korea offers to help rebuild their navy to Korean standards.
    • The Manchurians accept the Korean offer, as it is now the time to bury the hatchet.
  • Poland asks the HRE for help against the bloodthirsty Orthodox traitors and the infidel Muslim Khanates. The Pope is asked to help rally the other Christian nations to the defence of Lithuania. Poland convinces Hungary to join it in the war against the Khanates and Russians who will be on their borders in no time and warns the HRE that the same fate will befall the HRE if we do not draw the line at Poland. Venice, Denmark and Brandenburg are asked to help the Polish people as per their alliance. Poland promises to join the HRE if we can successfully reconquer most of Lithuania.
    • You can't just "convince" Hungary. Brandenburg sorrily refuses cause we've got allies on both sides!
    • The Hungarians would have to be suicidal to side with Poland over the Russians and Mongols.
  • In alarm to the recent collapse and subsequent invasion of Poland. Bavaria begins a massive military build-up in hopes of creating a large standing army to fight in case of invasion. The King asks the Emperor to begin a massive Empire with military build-up and urges not to attack unless attacked. The King respectfully mentions the Caliphate's growing power to the south as a reason to remain neutral on the Poland conflict. More and more people are clamouring for a change in the Catholic Church. The recession of the last 5 years has greatly weakened the poorer classes and they have begun to refuse to pay dues to the Church, citing unfair taxation policies among the lower classes. Bavaria asks that the Caliphate allow Christian peoples to leave of free will to Bavaria. The King does not want to see a single one harmed. Money is still sent to Karolin. The IMG begins to directly compete with the Hansetic League and begins to secretly send pirates and raiders to disrupt Novogrodian shipping(SECRET). The King announces his heir will be Prince Wilhelm Kribt and His wife Duchess of Stutgart, Sophia Mevernova Kribt.
    • PLEASE HELP. I will even join the HRE. PLEASE ...
    • Bavaria will remain neutral.
  • Baden-Wurttemberg rapidly begins military expansion. Karolin continues to grow.
  • The Caliphate province of Oman continues to build up its military, and create the Grand Caliphate Fleet of the Eastern Seas. The mission to get the Bahmani Sultanate to pledge allegiance to the Caliph continues, as does the mission to get the Delhi Sultanate to try get them to join the Caliphate, too. Oman expands northward along the coast by 2000 sq km, too.
  • The Caliphate province of Shaybah continues expanding to take over more land, this year the province expands 6000 sq km to the west to get more of Arabia under complete Caliphate rule. Shaybah builds up its merchant fleet and military navy, as Shaybah commits more to building the Grand Caliphate Fleet of the Eastern Seas.
  • The Caliph is pleases with the response and marvels at the growing size of the huge new fleets of the Caliphate. The Caliphate's economy booms and grows exponentially, and the Caliph begins to plan whether the Caliphate should be subject to a single currency to make cross-provincial trade in the Caliphate easier. The Caliph's advisers propose to bring back the Islamic gold dinar, and the Caliph looks into the matter. The Caliph however is more focused on planning new provincial divisions to give the Caliphate's subjects more regional governance. Caliphate diplomats are also sent into Nejd to try to forge an alliance, so that the tribes people of Nejd will join the Caliphate.
  • Muscovy continues to smash through Poland Lithuania, the already devastated armies thrown back and slaughtered. Muscovy also promises that we will not even touch the HRE, and offers to send supplies to each and every single state in their next war (+2 for everyone!).
    • Brandenburg and Aragon (Navarre included) secretely give supplies to the Russians because the chances of Polish victory are unlikely.
    • I fale to see how Luxembourg can secretly send supplies, considering it's in the middle of a continent, in the end of an and Empire.
    • The HREPS of course! Good point. I should get to wor on that plane. XD
  • Chichen Itza continues naval upgrades and expansion in Ceatl.
  • Papal States: With the unfortunate circumstances in Poland, the Pope apologizes that Poland had fallen to the hands of the Russian states. He offers refugee in the States (or their territories) to any Polish-Lithuanian Catholic that had been expelled from their land. He is weary of the newly found Novgorod-Muscovy influence in Europe, though hopes that the religious Schism does not cause a Holy War within Europe, but instead to create an overall friendship against the Caliphate. Meanwhile, encouragement of indulgences continues, and the States see the economic contribution the sales are making. As well, the Pope sends men to look into the recent rebellion concerning Bavarian taxation, and may sign a bull on the matter in the near future.
    • The King of Bavaria requests that the sale of indulgences be lessened to the plight of our lower classes. If the tax goes away so does the problem, no? Bavaria remains a loyal State of the Church.
    • The King of Naples ask for the bless of the Pope on the creation of the Order of the Knights of Malta.
  • The Scots continue their military build up in the Irish territories, as well as their naval build up. Meanwhile, King James announces that he has chosen Elise of Brandenburg as the best wife for his son John. The Scottish clergy condemns the Bavarian attempts to defy the Roman tax. Gaelic continues to be promoted.
    • Really now. You condemn US?? We are in the midst of a severe economic downturn. How dare you insinuate that Bavaria shirks its duty to the Empire. WE, Founded Karolin FOR the Emperor, WE co-founded the High Imperial Court and helped draft the constitution, yet you claim we are trying to defy our tax? You cannot pay what you do not have. The Scottish Clergy have no say in this.
    • The great Wilhelm of Brandenburg thanks King James, his brother in law, for taking his only sibling for the King's son. Elise sets sail for Scotland.
  • Frederick III supports aiding Poland, but only if a large attack breaks through Polish defenses. He also wants emissaries from both sides to argue their case before him. The Imperial Army is now the largest in the Empire, and it is hoped that it will become the largest in the continent. The Holy Roman Mark now enters circulation. The recent army and navy expansion is paid for with a christian slave tax, and the goal is now to make the navy the strongest in the empire (currently behind Venice, England, Florence, and Genoa, in that order). Diplomacy with other states to sign the treaty and accept the constitution begins earnstly.
    • See here now: the King of Brandenburg and Aragon secretly sends messengers to the Emperor telling him that it is impossible and futile for the Empire to put ts resources to a costly and unwinnable war. He advises him not side with Poland if he wishes to take a side and that there are nations (who will not be named) are supplying the Russians for the good and welfare of the Empire. Siding with Poland will just weaken our mighty Empire and cause us to lose power, men, money, resources, and supplies, as well as the bringing of humiliation. The King implores the Emperor to listen to reason if he values his throne and power. (That is no means a threat because attempting to jack the throne is as pointless as supporting Poland.) (No offense Poland, but you just died. You're a dead, dead nation. Took three Escrow weeks to finish homework? What happened to weekends?)
    • Muscovy begs Frerick to consider. We are the last bastion between the Khanates and the HRE. We need resources, that only Poland can give us. They are a dead nation anyway, sacked and destroyed by the Khanate Armies. If you wage war on us, it will splinter your Empire and weaken us all. And when the Khanates come....
  • Milan begins a massive build up of the army, more and more cannons and other weapons are manufactured. The navy is also build up with more weapons, now all Genoan and Milanese fleet are working as one. The influence over Montferrat and Monaco grows, we support the Swiss agents in Monaco, we also start friendship with Savoyan nobles.
  • Asti: massive military build up. More men are recruit and more weapons are imported thanks to the IMG.
  • Genoa: many war ships are build or repair, the entire navy is using more frigates. We ask Naples to enter our trade routes. Alessandro Sforza gains even more power in Genoa.
    • Naples accepts
  • Tibet: The vassalization of Kashmir, which will finish in 1478, continues, with Hinduist factions aiding the Buddhist/Tibetan factions against the Muslim factions which control the semi-official government. The elections begin but are delayed as there are large debates about vassalization. Thunsen Gyatsen proposes building a navy in rivers and lakes in the nation, which meets resistance from multiple candidates and causing more debates, and criticism of the monks who identified the 2nd Dalai Lama. Xeu Gyatsen is taken to Lhasa as this is where his father has to stay, and a national school starts being built. The military buildup in the north increases again as news of the army in the Tarim Basin reaches the nation. Trade connections to Nepal are improved with the continuing vassalization of Kashmir, and the Himalayan explorers observe monastries in Kamarupa, observing religious tensions.
  • Venice honors the treaty with Poland sending the Polish nation supplies. Venice sends a delegation to the HR Emperor in order to try to convince him to help the Poles (the Khanates 1.5 multiplier dies next year). Venice cites the collapse of the Polish army to the KHANATES as a factor to mobilize the HRE Imperial Army. Venice constructs several new ships with the arsenal. The new Doge travels around the Italian Peninsula in order to convince the Italian people to join the defense against the Khanates and the Caliphate. Siena, Lacques, Modena, Mantua and Ferrara decide to help the Polish Lithuanian cause.
  • Croatia appalled by the recent Khanate victory over Poland Lithuania is worried half to death at the prospect of a Khanate invasion of Hungary. They send thwir small but effective military to help the POles in any way possible.
  • The Byzantine Empire ignores the threat of the Khanates for now, instead focused on the Caliphate. Venetian builders arrive to hasten the construction of over a hundred forts that will protect the Greek coast. repopulation continues and is highly successful in most areas of Central and Southern Greece but the border with the Ottoman Empire scares off many settlers in Macedonia. A dynastical union with Epirus is organized with the marriage of the Byzantine Princess Diana to the Epirian Prince Ektor. At the death of the Epirian Despot, The Byzantine Empire will absorb the Despotate while breaking the personal union with Albania and entering a personal union with Serbia. Knowing this, the Emperor Dimitri begins to court the Albanian delegates in order to convince the nation to join the Byzantine Empire.
  • Rajputs: A group of influentual Rajas and Thakur (nobles) begin to consolidate power in hopes of preventing Rajputana from being conquered by a larger nation and to stop the bloodletting caused by the civil disorder. These leaders form the આ મુજબની કાઉન્સિલ (council of the wise). The council sends an alliance to the Tibetans so they can increase trade and help each other in times of war.
    • Tibet: accepts.
  • Saxony: The Elector declares his support for Poland, and sends a "division" of infantry, some knghts, and some cannon, under the command of a trusted Lieutenant-Constable. The Elector hopes that His Imperial Majesty will, in his wisdom, send the whole might of the Holy Roman Army to defeat the invading horde.
  • The Caliphate Province of the Ottomans continues its military buildup to help defend the Caliphate should war occur. Construction of war and peace oriented industries continues to keep the army modernized and people happy with luxury goods. Construction of the Western Caliphate Fleet begins, while the Caliphate Army of the Balkans is formed. Caliphate forces soon comprise an army of 85,000 men, and it is sent to Wallachia. The Ottomans maintain there own local army of 125,000 men for local defense.
  • The Caliphate Province of Wallachia continues its military and industrial buildup and celebrates its newfound equality in the Caliphate. Construction of war and peace oriented industries continues to keep the army modernized and people happy with luxerous goods. The Calipahate Army of the Balkans reaches Wallachia and an additional 35,000 men are added to the army, putting 120,000 men under the control of the Caliph. Wallachia maintains a defense force of 25,000 men for local use.
    • This ain't no mod post to be written underlined, and you have already stated that the Balkan army is on Wallachia with X number of troops in your post as Wallachia.
    • If this was posted by Dean, you don't roleplay the Caliph right now, you can't do this...
    • Yes, it was him.
  • Cyprus will continue to build up its navy and army, its army to a limited extent. Cyprus accepts Naples trade treaty. The Cypriot King makes education mandatory for all boys from the age of 5 to 18.
    • The King of Naples offers a place in our court and in our Military academy of Officials (the best in Europe), and also asks for the military offer of last year.
  • China continues to expand its military. Upon being urged by nobles, the Emperor puts more emphasis on the navy.
  • The Lakota: The Lakotan settlers continue to expand westward and a couple of scouts reach OTL Pacific ocean. The Milliary and birthrates continue to grow. The Lakota start making mud bricks after finding some in old ruins from scouts that went south.
  • Burgundy: The invasion of Munster continues with the army advancing through the nation, while the fleet of now 220 ships begins to be sent through the Northern Sea, and the population in the Canary Islands, securing the islands of Fuerteventura, and Lanzarote, while this More and more natives begin to convert to Christendom and many begin to populate the outposts in the islands, while in Cabo Verde settlers arrive to Isle del fogo, and Isla Sal, initiating claims at Cabo Verde. The expansion of the outpost in the African shoreline continues reaching the size of Luxemburg after years of expansion, Charlesopolis is finally finished and Duke Charles declares it the central city of Burgundy, and capital of the duchy, the exploration in the Atlantic continues and small outposts are set near the Portuguese ones in Western Africa.
  • The Inca Empire: continues the maritime explorations toward the south and north. The first clashes with the Araucanians make necessary the presence of more troops in the south where fortifications are built while in the north starts the incorporation of the city-states.
  • Ethiopia: The Emperor orders the establishment of a navy to link the empire to the world once again. Massawa is built up into an even larger port to accommodate the ships that will be under construction there.
  • Prussia: We raise our arrmy to 40,000 men and we invade the German states west of us.
  • The only state bordering you at west is Poland. Even if you go through that you will have to go to war with Brandenburg, aside of Aragon and Navarra, that are in personal union with Brandenburg. The only other option is to declare war on is Mecklenburg, far removed from your main nation.
  • Naples: the King orders the construction of forts in Mallorca, Sardinia, Sicily and the Italian coasts. It has built a university in Cagliari, in Palermo and the Royal University and Major of Naples in the capital of the Kingdom, attracts artists and scientists, as well as mathematicians and philosophers. Five shipyards are built to increase maritime capabilities, and mimic the Construcciones navales of neighboring Kingdoms (thanks to plans stolen by spies). The agricultural lands are expanded to 100% and the industry is gradually improving. The army takes the arquebuses on a regular basis and implements plans for improvements in them. Marriage of Pedro is delayed until further notice. A new child was born, and was called Giacomo. Margaret of Savoy, Queen of Naples, after recovering travels toward the Duchy of Savoy to strengthen relations and cooperation, appearing as descendant of this Royal House, warns the Duke Filiperto I of the influence of the neighboring Kingdoms and informs him that Naples offers its full support and will ensure that the integrity of its territory before any external interference. To strengthen this union a marriage is planned between the two countries. An ambassador is sent to the Republic of Montenegro, brings gifts to the governing council and the plans of the King of Naples. The Kingdom is concerned about the expansion of the Byzantine in Épiro; this League after the war with the Ottoman Empire and after seeing that in the negotiations who get all the benefits and territories. It was the Byzantine Empire, it possesses an economic in a strong crisis. The population shows his dissatisfaction in the streets and the peasants of Serbia arm small revolts against the centralized power. King Tancred II secretly sends mercenaries and agitators in order that this situation is kept and the power is destabilized. Finally The King creates the Order of the Knights of Malta.
  • Korea continues amping up their military, especially their navy. The ground army is also improved. Discipline in Korea is one of the best in the world, even among the civilian populace. Korean engineers also go to Manchuria to help rebuild their navy. Plans are also reactivated for the 거북선, or turtle ship. It will be covered in iron and be bristling with cannons and a primitive flamethrower in the mouth. These ships begin construction right away. Korea also introduces to Manchuria the concept of using ships as weapons of war, instead of transports for soldiers, as everyone thinks of in Asia.
  • George I of England and Joana finally travel to Portugal to know their nephews. George even offers to have some of them in the English court for some years to train them in the English arts of navigation and war and specially in arts and literacy. Alcock travels again, this time to the eastern most Nigeria, though he returns pretty sick to Cap-Vert, outpost which is expanded another 1000 sq km (20px). Alcock dies by October and his corpse is sent back to London.
  • Edmund I of Calais fears he must disagree with his beloved brother-in-law Andreas II, as the Muslims are a threat to Europe, and Poland is a fellow Christian nation which needs help. Calais and Pessaro will not be able to help directly, but may give some weapons to the Imperial armies (supplies). Edmund I and Alessandro di Gradara sends words to the King of Poland, "be strong, the entire Europe and Christendom need you. You are the last wall between us and the heretics".
    • Our neutrality is borne out of the fact that our nation is facing difficult times. We are afraid of overextending. Bavaria is a lot closer to Byzantium than Calais. So we are naturally more worried about an Ottoman attack. perhaps if our economy were better ...
  • Novgorodian Armies and the Navy mobilize against Poland-Lithuania, attacking them from the sea. The Novgorodian forces are advancing with great force, and Capture Vilnius in less than a month. Having a majority of the Lithuanian army confused by the Khanate invasion, the Novgorodians use this to march toward Warsaw. The forces win victory after victory and are at the Capital's doorsteps by the end of the year. Venetian Influence in Poland is ended once and for all by the invading Russian armies.


The Ruthenian Khanate collapses, falling back into the hands of the native Slavs and Lithuanians, though the land is still in chaos. The Moldavians seize back the territory that was theirs. The Cossacks seize control of parts of the southeastern territory, establishing the Cossack Hetmanate.

The Crimea is apart of the Caliphate, you do know, right. The Cossacks need to declare war on it if that is to be so.

As far as I'm concerned you shouldn't be able to puppet NPC nations like you do with the Caliphate. I'm wavering on whether or not to publish a mod event punishing the Caliphate for that behavior. You never wrote anything about the Khanate joining, and I would probably not care if you do as you still shouldn't puppet non-vassal NPCs like that. In short the Caliphate is immensely frustrating to me.

Crimea collapsed in the Holy War. Whose troops were there present at the time in Crimea, and also very firendly? Which troops do you think re-instated order? And yes, I did post about them joining.

Other than the whole Crimea joining thing, the Caliphate has taken over the rest of its provinces by having a player agree to it, via war or vassalization. This was an instance of the rules being broken with the Crimea annexation. So the Caliphate lost this territory and now will get it back via a war algorithm. These two new states will not want to be vassalized or made puppets as they are newly independent. I'll have a large earthquake hit Iran next turn as further punishment. Other than this Crimea business, the Caliphate has followed the rules and been created legitimately.

You can't use earthquakes like that. Indian typhoons are the other option.

Why not? They're both natural disasters.

Earthquakes will occur just like OTL since nothing can affect them. Other natural disasters won't thanks to the butterfly effect.

Godeng Khan, unaware of his partner's death, leads an army of Mongols toward China. His army is huge, and he is confident that if the Mongols within China revolt, he will be able to destroy the Ming and re-establish the Yuan Dyansty. He is on the border of China, preparing to attack, when news of Mamash's death reaches him. Godeng is shocked by his partner's death, and falls into a mild depression. The Muslim Turks, who were only following the Buddhist Mongol Godeng because Mamash tells them to, revolt against him. With his army in chaos, Godeng Khan commits suicide. The attack on China is never carried out.

  • Ashikaga Shogunate continues to build up their military and also expands more into 北海道 (Hokkaidō) and bit more upward the 千島列島 (Chishima Islands) and Ainu still continues to be fought against. Shogun Ashikaga Fumikazu makes 北海道 (Hokkaidō) an official Province/Prefecture and sets 函館市 (Hakodate) as the capital of the new Province/Prefecture. Eiko Ayase also creates a short story, centred around the Kasha.
  • Florence vassalizes Siena. It also builds up its military, focusing on the navy and looking into new weapon technology, in the chance that it will be needed sometime in the future.
  • Portugal continues preparing its military, and the naval technology is developed. Meanwhile, receiving the English offer, the King accepts. Meanwhile, some settlements on Cabo Verde and Tamarán grow. Meanwhile, a city called Adeje, named after the menceiato there, is founded in Tenerife.
  • Chichen Itza keeps expanding in Ceatl. More naval upgrades are carried out, and the Emperor begins a draft, automatically entering eligible men into the military.
  • The Caliphate province of Oman continues to build up its military, and create the Grand Caliphate Fleet of the Eastern Seas. The mission to get the Bahmani Sultanate to pledge allegiance to the Caliph continues, as does the mission to get the Delhi Sultanate to try get them to join the Caliphate too. The mission with the Bahmani Sultanate is going very well, and senior diplomats from Bhamani go to Mecca to meet the Caliph. Oman expands northward along the coast by 2000 sq km too.
  • The Caliphate province of Shaybah continues expanding to take over more land, this year the province expands 6000 sq km to the west to get more of Arabia under complete Caliphate rule. Shaybah builds up its merchant fleet and military navy, as Shaybah commits more to building the Grand Caliphate Fleet of the Eastern Seas.
  • Where is this Shaybah?
  • It's the Caliphate province south of Oman and north of Yemen.
  • The Caliph meets with the senior diplomats from the Bahmani Sultanate, and after more negotiations, Bahmani and its vassal state of Koli both join the Caliphate as provinces. The Caliph is pleased with the Caliphate expanding into India and looks to connect the rest of the Caliphate to its Indian provinces. More Caliphate diplomats are sent into Nejd to try to forge an alliance, so that the tribes people of Nejd will join the Caliphate.
    • Bahmani is joining the Caliphate as if you look on Bahmani's player's talk page you can see that he has given the okay for Bahmani to join the Caliphate. Just wondering does Bahmani just have Koli as a vassal or does it own Gujarat too? I ask because according to game posts by Bahmani, Gujarat is but it isn't shown on the map. HELP! ~Von
  • The Caliphate Province of Qoyunlu continues making a large fleet in the Black Sea. The Qoyunlu economy continues to boom, as the farmer population starts to boom. Many Qoyunlu officials are sure that the reasoning for this high birth rate is that farmers are trying to produce more children so that they can, in turn, produce more crops, when the children are of age. However, this is slightly ineffective, as other farmers had the same idea, and the level of competition is expected to stabilise in years to come as a result of vast numbers of farmers. Receiving news of Mamash's death, Qoyunlu declares war on the Dual Khanate. Also, angered by the Cossacks claiming Crimea, Qoyunlu declares war on the Cossacks.
    • I've erased the part about conquering Crimea.
  • The Caliphate Province of Circassia is being flooded by Turks that were being pushed back by the Mongols. Due to the large amount of immigrants, the Circassian government has ceased trying to control immigration, and encourages locals to move to the capital and become merchants.
  • The Caliphate Province of Dulkadir continues building its army.
  • The Caliphate Promince of Ramazan continues working on its navy.
  • Siamese troops rush the Malaccan lands on the peninsula using their superior forces to their advantage and their larger number of firearms (can someone please do an algorithm) and the navy continues engaging the Malaccan one depleting each other. The colonization of north western Borneo continues. The economy continues to grow and a situation is established were experimentation is possible leading to something similar to the start of a Siamese renaissance.
  • Scotland continues its military buildup. King James brings a huge army to the Northern Irish territories, and personally travels there to lead the army, despite his increasing age. Prince John is married to the new Princess Elise of Scotland.
  • Muscovy expands 5000 km into the Ruthenian Khanate. The war with Poland ends after a treaty. Much of Lithuania is returned, except for the Coast and borders, which are kept and split between Novgorod and Muscovy. Meanwhile, Yaroslavl is gradually sucked into the country, becoming merely a province. However, in the Ruthenian Khanate, another vassal is formed out of the remainder. The army continues to be developed (15 years in a row, lol). Meanwhile, the Russian Federation talks with Novgorod continue, as well as with Poland. It is hoped that Poland will be rujuvenated with the fall of the Ruthenian Khanate, and join the glorious Federation to strike the barbarians down. A new trade pact with Bavaria is announced.
    • No double turns.
    • Firstly, 10,000 sq km is too much. Secondly, how are you proposing to control the coast and borders? Thin lines are unstable. And the Slavs have just regained their freedom, they will fight another foreign power coming in to dominate them. Also if you want any chance of Poland joining the Russians, be nice to them. They won't like you guys if they hate you for annexing their territories - especially their coastline.
    • Is 5000 OK? By the borders, I don't mean a thin line... I mean a thick section adjoining the borders, next to those @#%& NPC countries that are blocking my coastline. However, that part should be scratched anyway because we're not giving any land back yet. Actually, we're not giving them a choice. Either they join us, or we don't give back any land.
    • You can't reach either PL coast. Poland has the one in the Baltic, Lithuania HAD one but the Cossacks took it, and the Caliphate now has it.
  • The council continues to centralize control over Rajputana and silently gets rid of any would-be adversaries. The council decides that this year should be spent improving infrastructure to make the movement of people and goods easier and expanding the military. Several forts are constructed along the southern and western border regions.
  • Since Prussia has attacked it, Brandenburg responds with a defensive declaration of war. Troops are brought in from all over the state and the King asks all of the Empire and Europe to defend Brandenburg. Supplies are withdrawn from Muscovy and Norvogorod. Meanwhile the army/navy buildup continues for the sake of survival.
    • Bavaria will send aid.
    • Naples sends an ambassador to try to prevent this war, asks the Duke of Prussia abandon his attack and withdraw its forces, and Brandenburg counteroffensives asked not start, also calls for support as a mediator of the HRE.
    • Muscovy will send aid (anyway, our war is over, you're not sending aid to us..)
  • Aragon declares total support for Brandenburg (no duh) and brings Navarre and the few px large vassal of Bearn into this mess.
  • Bavaria increases military spending as the economy finally begins to stablize. Efforts begin to vassalize the state of Nassau to the North of Baden. Emmissaries are sent to both Nassau and Thuringen with bribes and offers of Royal Marriage if they agree to acknowledge King Andreas II as their sovereign. So far the reports coming back seem to be positive. More money flows into Karolin. The Imperial Merchant's Guild announces a deal with Muscovy that will allow the IMG to operate out of Muskovian ports of trade. The new IMG Headquarters is completed in Karolin. Prince Wilhelm travels to Calais to talk about the expansion of The Bavarian Pound into Calais via the IMG. The Duke of Straubing dies and his son, James Renoken obtains His title. The Anti-church protests die off as the King officially announces the improvements on the economy. The King thanks the Pope for His aid in settling the dispute although there remains a secret and fairly large anti-Catholic group, particularly in Nuremburg. Taxes are increased slightly on the upper classes as well as Jews and

non-tax exempt Orthodox Christians. The Bavarian Reichstag passes a tax law that states that taxes may not exceed more than 40% of a person's annual wealth.

  • Baden-Wurttemberg expands the city of Karolin, adding a large Roman style Colosseum, Baths and a Park called Fredrich Park. The Duke of Baden dies at the age of 70. His daughter, Duchess Verona Shleming obtains his title at the age of 24. She seeks a fit husband from any European Nation/ally with a good standing. He is to be between 20 and 40. Prince of the House of Wurttemberg, Alfred Glocke creates a new firearm in his laboratory underground, shortly before accidentally setting half the room on fire. He makes it out okay. Karolin grows to 5000 people and is declared a "European City of Beauty" along with Rome, Venice, Vienna and others.
  • The Imperial Army is deployed to Brandenburg, providing supplies and moral support to the Brandenburg Militia. Frederick III ultimately denies suggestions to aid Poland, citing recent Khanate drawbacks and rising Caliphate power, although he does let any nobles flee to his court. A new Mongol state in the frontier territory is planned to be created next year. Frederick's son marries Isabella of Castille in a lavish wedding. I know that this is a player nation, but I think it is okay because the player has been inactive for some time. Cross it out if it isn't.
    • Castille's player has been gone long enough to be deactivated as an NPC. However, you won't be able to control Castille until Frederick's son becomes King.
  • Venice supports the Polish in their darkest hour hoping to gain the full trust of the nation. The Emperor is asked to consider the entry of Poland and the newly reformed Lithuania into the HRE, thereby strengthening the eastern frontier. Venice continues building more ships in its arsenal and finally produces the equivalent of an OTL barque (fast ship). However there is just one and in order to have enough to use in the navy and for exploration, Pietro orders the construction of 50 more. The first barque is offered on sale for a huge 75 ducats, more than the economies of several small states but the Kings of Castille, Portugal, France and England eye the offer carefully. The construction of two more arsenals continues. The Doge is pleased with his new court painter as suggested by the Duke of Siena, a certain Leonardo da Vinci who is capable of producing works of art that are more successful than his mentor Verrocchio. Verrocchio vows never to paint again seeing how far his pupil has now surpassed him and gifts his workshop to Leonardo, retiring to a small cottage at the bottom of Isola di Verrocchio.
    • Please make up an original person instead of using Da Vinci
    • He was conceived in 1451 and events have not changed enough to influence many births yet. This will be the only OTL character conceived after 1450 that I will use.
  • The Byzantine Empire continues reconstruction and repopulation. The series of forts continues to be built but the Emperor realizes they will never finish them quickly enough. He personally selected the areas most at threat and orders focused fort construction in those areas. Three of the 500 assorted forts, castles and watchtowers are completed by the end of the year.
  • Croatia rejoices at the collapse of the Khanates and sends supplies to Poland to help rebuild.
  • The Hanseatic League continues to assert its dominance in Poland and in Moscow. The Novgorodian troops triumph as news of Polish surrender come and the newly approved tricolor Novgorodian flag (OTL Russian flag but with the Novgorodian coat of arms) is hoisted above the city. The warriors go home in triumph and a temporary Veche bell is put in place during the military occupation. The Veche calls upon the first woman, and leader of the block of anti-Moscow bloc in the Veche (and by that I mean Moscow Prince is Novgorod Prince), Marpha Borotskaya, as the leader of the Novgorod, and Velikaya knyagina of Novgorod and Knyagina of Pskov.
  • Cyprus continues to build up its navy. The Cypriot King requests more information on the court of Naples before accepting any proposal by Naples. The Cypriot King has another child, this time a daughter. She is christened Helen.
    • King Tancred II of Naples offers a place in his Royal Court, in the Royal University and Major of Naples, and in their Superior and Royal Academy of Official to the sons or daughters of the King of Cyprus to strengthen the relations of friendship and cooperation, learning the language, the customs, the new arts and military tactics. Also to secure our recent trade agreement, ask for the construction of a small fort in Limassol and send five ships to patrol the trade routes and avoid attacks by pirates and enemies for the common benefit.
  • China mobilizes its military and prepares for a fight with the Mongols. When the Khanate begins to collapse, China continues to keep its military posted in the 'ready' position. It expands its military while it can. Tibet is warned of possible Mongol aggression in the not-too-distant future.
  • Tibet: The vassalization process of Kashmir finishes; Kashmir becomes a vassal of Tibet. This allows better communication, trade etc. with the Indian subcontinent, including Rajputana. The vassalization process of Nepal immediately begins, and is expected to be complete by late 1479. The explorers in Kamarupa receive more supplies, now that Kashmir is a vassal. As news of the deaths of the Khans, and also China's warning, reaches the nations, explorers, diplomats and soldiers are sent across the border to investigate the situation. The military currently has 50'000 members, expansion having slowed down, but speeds up again, especially in the north. Thunsen Gyatsen wins the elections and becomes the second Premier of Tibet (with Gendun Wacheng remaining in the government), but the government is unstable, divided over the navy issue.
  • Poland retakes control of most of Lithuania. Moscovy and Novgorod are asked to return the last sections of Lithuania by Casimir himself who also thanks them for restoring order in those regions (guys, I'm giving you an escape here) and offers to join the Russian Federation should those territories be returned. If not, Poland continues keeping the door open to the HRE. Poland begins to retrain and re-equip its shattered military.
  • Lithuanian nobles consolidate territories around their estates while repledging their loyalty to King Casimir of the Poles and Slavs. Casimir sends supplies to help Lithuania rebuild. Lithuania demands that the Cossacks stand down or else.
    • WOAH. Lithuania is now completely controlled by Muscovy and Novgorod. I think you mean Poland.
    • You can't possibly retake all of that land in one year, your nation's army was annihilated by the Mongols.
  • he Caliphate Province of the Ottomans continues its military buildup to help defend the Caliphate should war occur. Construction of war and peace oriented industries continues to keep the army modernized and people happy with luxerous goods. Construction of the Western Caliphate Fleet continues.
  • The Caliphate Province of Wallachia continues its military and industrial buildup and celebrates its newfound equality in the Caliphate. Construction of war and peace oriented industries continues to keep the army modernized and people happy with luxerous goods. The Calipahate Army of the Balkans reaches Wallachia and an additional 35,000 men are added to the army, putting 120,000 men under the control of the Caliph. Wallachia maintains a defense foce of 25,000 men for local use.
  • You have already said that 35.000 men had been added in 1477.
  • The Lakota: The Lakota continue to expand west. The Mudbricks that were found in ruins, The Lakota use around campfires and small holding objects. The Sages of the tribes start to look to other use.
  • Milan the army is built up, with more training, weapons and recruits, but most of the work is done in the small Milanese navy. The humanism movement is spreading through the artists and intellectuals.
  • Naples: continues to increase the number of warships and trade ships, and the noble council discussed about finding a trade route to the Indies, due to the war in Constantinople and the formation of the new and very powerful Caliphate. The army of the Kingdom continues to rise and the high level of training in the regular troops as well as the Commanders goes hand in hand with the use of new arquebuses and canyons, and engineers are producing better weapons every day in the arsenals. Agricultural fields are expanding much more, and the Kingdom exports now include excellent wine, saffron, and pieces of coral, sea salt and rock salt. A new coin is put into circulation: the Golden Lira. The ambassador in Montenegro takes more present to the Governing Board, and each receives a thoroughbred horse from the private stables of King Tancred II, the board accepted the presents and discusses the union with Naples been part of the Kingdom or become vassals. The King is sending mercenaries and agitators to the Kingdom of Serbia, all in complete secrecy. Meanwhile, sends a representative of his council to offer help and be part of the discussions of future course of the Serbian Kingdom. In the Kingdom of Savoy, Margaret of Savoy, Queen of Naples has talks with Filiperto I, the Duke has no heirs and Margaret tries to convince the Duke and the nobility that his son Prince Pedro has all rights, being descendant of the royal house, to this throne. It has arranging a marriage between the Prince and the daughter of a noble family of Savoy to further cement his right to rule the Duchy. During these negotiations many murders attract the attention of the Queen and the presence of other neighboring countries cannot be left unnoticed, King Tancred II worried, sent a guard of 1,000 soldiers to protect Queen and five warships are parked in port of Niza, requested permission to enter the Kingdom and the permission is granted. King Tancred II also became Grand Master of the Order of the Knights of Malta and invites the nobles of other Kingdoms to be part of this new institution.
  • The children of King Afonso are brought to London to be taught in the same ways Prince Stephen and the newly born Princess Josephine are. George I offers supplies to Poland through the Hanseatic League. Meanwhile, George I wants to purchase the Venetian barque.
  • Edmund I supports the idea of Poland and Lithuania joining the HRE. Di Gradara asks the Pope for the right to establish a base of the Order of Saint Petroc in the Cape of Alfons. He would rather like that King Tancred II agrees to merge efforts with the Order and his new Order of Malta in protecting the Church and avoiding Muslim threats.
  • Korea continues to amp up their military, once again especially the navy. Long sailing ships also begin development to explore even further. The Philippines continues to be settled.
  • The Inca Empire: The development of the economy becomes wider, and population increases even more with the new territories incorporated (I am possessing all the zone of the south Andean state-cities). The army is deployed and occupying lands of the Araucanians, leaning villas and small forts (right through the coast of Chile OTL). The ships are increasingly resistant, and travel are increasingly distant. It reached the Galapagos Islands in the longest trip so far recorded in the empire. On the north coast reach unknown, which are mapped (OTL Panama).
  • Genoa: the navy is build up, the economy also goes up with trade with Naples. We suppost the idea of Poland joining the HRE.
  • The Manchurians continue work repairing damage to their infrastructure caused by the war with Korea. The Manchurians continue expanding their country northward. The Manchurians continue the work on upgrading their navy, which had been all but destroyed during the war.


The Kazakh-Mongol Khanate officially collapses. The Crimean Khanate declares independence from the collapsing Khanate. They declare that they will never bow down to any foreign force without bloodshed. Much of the Dual Khanate is divided between the newly re-established Sibir, The Western Oirats, the Xacitarxin and the Kazakh Khanates. The vengeful Sibirians take atvantage of Kazakh weakness and seize half of the new Kazakh Khanate's territory. They install a puppet Kazakh Khan, officially turning the tables on their traitorous "allies". The Dual Khanate's territory in the former Timurid lands is taken by the new Khanate of Khiva.

I renamed the Neo-Oirats the Western Oirats because it sounds more like the way the various Khanates and Chinese dynasties were named. Also, I was tired of having all the same names, so I switched the Nogai with the Xacitarxin Khanate, since historically Astrakhan was the state that took over much of the Nogai Territory, and I just used the Turkic spelling for more exoticness.
How about the Uzbek Khanate, which was on the first versions of the PMII map (see here)?
The Uzbeks would replace the Khivans if they arose
There could be a "civil war". Another possibility would be for the Caliphate to attempt to establish a Turkmen Khanate (Turkmen being the most Muslim out of the Central Asian races, if I remember correctly?)
Should I move this discussion to the talk page? 77topaz (talk) 00:10, October 4, 2012 (UTC)

The King of Prussia officially withdraws his forces, as he has no intention of angering the much stronger Holy Roman Empire. The rebellious Duke who commenced the offensive without royal permission is executed. The Prussians send Brandenburg a peace offering, and ask for their forgiveness.

An outburst of the plague occurs in Egypt, and soon spreads to Mesopotamia through the Caliphate.

I needed to punish you for something for just annexing Granada and so many other nations like that.
I thought we were doing an earthquake or typhoon? How long will the plague last? Plus being a large trading nation it'll spread throughout the old world quite quickly!
^This. The plague will spread like wildfire throughout the Med and surroundings.
Only a couple years, small regional plagues were common in this time.
In centres of trade? Like Alexandria, Baghdad and Constantinople? No, it'll spread.
  • Ashikaga Shogunate continues to build up their military and also expands more into 北海道 (Hokkaidō) and more upward the 千島列島 (Chishima Islands) and Ainu still continues to be fought against. Shogun Ashikaga Fumikazu plans out the 千島列島: the Southern Half will be part of the Province/Prefecture of 北海道, while the Northern Half will be their own Province/Prefecture. He also plans out that once Far East Land (aka Kamchatka) begins to be settled, it will be part of the Northern Chishima Provence/Prefecture until it is large enough to be its own. Shogun Ashikaga Fumikazu also sends a diplomat to Vijayanagar as well.
  • Portugal continues preparing its military, and its naval technology is developed. Meanwhile, Portugal declares war on Castille with the main objective being taking the region of Galicia. It asks for England to support it on the war.
  • Chichen Itza starts improving its economy in addition to naval upgrades and army upgrades. The Emperor is pleased, and starts looking west toward the land of the Zapotec.
  • The Sultanate of Granada declares war on Castille, sends troops into their territory, and sends a temporary alliance offer to Portugal to help together against Spain.(Secret) Agents are sent into Caliphate territory to support uprisings. Allies are asked to help in the war(Caliphate basically).
    • Portugal, despite not exactly trusting the Muslims, accepts, as any help on this war would be welcome.
    • Not trusting the Muslims? You hate Granada. God, the only nations that would hate Granada more than you do are Castile, Aragon and Navarra.
  • The Caliphate Province of Circassia is continually unstable due to the great amounts of Turkish tribes migrating into it. Also, the plague has led many Qoyunlular to migrate northward.
  • The Caliphate province of Qoyunlu keeps building its navy. The war in Cossack Territory is going very well, as the navy has blocked of all incoming access into it, and the army has plowed through. The war ends in December and the Cossacks are annexed directly to the Caliphate until stability is reached.
  • The Caliphal province of Egypt's population begins dropping, with the provincial governor fleeing south into Luxor. However, trade and diplomacy from the rest of the world is not isolated, and Egypt continues collecting a large amount of tribute from trade. The same happens north in Syria.
  • Alodia continues expanding 1000 sq km northward. Muslim population continues to grow.
  • Zulu: The Zulu Kingdom continues to expand across the island of Madagascar, adding a total of 1000 sq mi of land to the Kingdom. The Zulu Army and Navy is expanded, and a delegate of Zulu representatives are sent to the Ethiopia to discuss trade relations and an alliance.
    • Ethiopian D: The Ethiopian Empire welcomes trade from the Zulu Kingdom of South Africa.
  • Ethiopia: Emperor Jara Fekadu dies in his sleep, leading to a nationwide moment of mourning. His son Iyasu Mhadi is chosen to ascend to the throne, and his is coronated Mhadi I of Ethiopia. Mhadi oversees the fulfillment of his father's plans to build a navy for his nation, and the Imperial Ethiopian Navy is officially established with its base of operations in the port city of Massawa. The navy is planned to include some 30 ships by 1485.
  • The Caliphate province of Oman continues to build up its military, and create the Grand Caliphate Fleet of the Eastern Seas. Oman expands northward along the coast by 2000 sq km, too. Oman is also hit by the plague after it spreads via shipping, this plague then goes to spread to many other of Oman's trading partners such as the Sultanate of Malacca, various Indian states and the East African states. The Omani Imamate claims this may be a sign that he are following a false prophet, but the plague subsides a bit and these claims largely die down once they notice non-caliphate states being hit by the plague.
  • The Caliphate province of Shaybah continues expanding to take over more land, this year the province expands 6000 sq km to the west to get more of Arabia under complete Caliphate rule. Shaybah builds up its merchant fleet and military navy, as Shaybah commits more to building the Grand Caliphate Fleet of the Eastern Seas. Shaybah is also hit by the plague but not that badly as its population is quite small compared to the other provinces.
  • The Caliph orders public health to be improved in order to stop the plague from spreading. The Caliph also tries to send the infected people to the nations of the Caliphate's rival nations. The Caliph also continues to have meetings about the provincial border changes, but the Caliph is being met with a lot of resentment from the current provincial rulers losing power, and some people not wanting change but the Caliph tries to work through these issues, and begins forming a compensation package for the provinces losing out from these changes. The Caliph is also very pleased about the Dual Khanate falling as one of the greatest threats for the Caliphate have fallen. The Caliph continues to ponder about creating a single currency for the Caliphate and decides to go ahead with the plan. He sets about increasing the Caliphate's gold and silver reserves and sets about implementing the gold and silver dinar currency system; the currency is expected to be Caliphate-wide in five years, but many provinces vow to keep their own currency to be used in their provinces so the Caliph orders these provinces to form a currency exchange market to determine the worth of each coin in the different provincial currency values. More Caliphate diplomats are sent into Nejd too, and the Caliph begins looking to Oman to give up some territory to serve as the coastline for the Nejd province.
  • Papal States: The States continue their investigation in Bavaria, and agree to the lowering of price of indulgences, and may consider a lowering of taxes to the poor (however, this is not generally known by the public). As well, the Pope blesses the Orders of Saint Petroc the Knights of Malta. Meanwhile, cases of illness arrive from sailors from Alfons, and deaths are reported in the Cape. The Pope suspects a new disease is spreading, and as a result reduces the amount of sea-faring trade between states in the southern Mediterranean (including Cyprus, Naples, Byzantine, etc.). He prays that those contagious are blessed by the hand of God and returned to a state of well-being.
    • The Order of the Knights of Malta welcomes the Pope's blessing, and his first works under the banner of King Tancred II of Naples, is to help those infected with the plague, in the territories of the Pope in Tunez.
  • Brandenburg decides to let Prussia go on one condition: a yearly tribute will be paid for fifteen years for unrequitedly attacking Brandenburg. Brandenburg begins to send offers of royal marriage to Mecklenburg. They seem to be in a bit of doubt, so some troops are sent there just to "escort" the "diplomats." (Read: scare the civilians and government). The state continues to build up its army and navy.
    • The King of Naples sent his greetings and blessings to the people of Brandenburg to have avoided a useless war between two Christian peoples.
  • Aragon, seeing that Brandenburg is not under threat, begins its invasion of Brittany, with the help of the English and Neapolitans and anyone who wants to help.
  • Scottish forces stationed in the Irish States launch a massive attack upon the Free Irish, led by King James II himself. They win initial victories against the Irish, but they will need English help to take out all of the free Irish states and divide Irelandd.
  • Tragedy strikes as Cosmio Medici's grandson is stricken with the same sickness that killed Piero Medici, his health quickly deteriorating. After he is buried, Cosimo orders the construction of a monument to those taken by it, scouring the universities and cities for architects and artists he deems skilled enough to help create such a work.
  • Siamese troops lay siege to the Malaccan capital as constant cannon fire blasts away at the city, The navy continues to lay in a deadlock with the malaccan one with neither side able to seize the victory at sea. Cambodia finally falls into another civil war after much Siamese efforts and the Siamese begin supporting the youngest possible heir, but no military aid is sent due to the war with Malacca. The renaissance continues in Siam and new ideas continue to crop up, several blacksmiths are paid by the royal treasury to improve the current firearms due the need for the war. The King finally passes and his eldest son assumes the throne at the age of 34 and takes 20 concubines from the bat to secure the allegiance of the nobility and keep them under his thumb. The economy grows and so does trade despite the southern war. The settlement of Borneo continues in larger amounts, and due to the war in the south the rest of the grey on the Maylay Peninsula is completely secured as Siamese land.
  • Frederick III, now fully supportive of the Holy League through his son Frederick Constantine's marriage to Isabella, declares that the war between the Muslim and Christian worlds has now begun. The First front opens in Southen Castille, and the Emperor consults with his advisors and fellow Princes on how to react. He also intends to persuade his son and new daughter-in-law the benefits should Castille join the HRE at some point. This also brings to mind the Poland issue, and the Emperor sends the matter to where it belongs, the Conclave. Diplomatic efforts to further centralize the Empire succeed in gaining loyalty (but not vassalage) from Grisons, Ulm and Stassburg. The former Khan of the Golden Horde, now fully Christian and somewhat loyal, is crowned the Khan of the Golden Khanate. This state will join the Empire should the Conclave agree.
  • Naples: The Kingdom continues to increase the number of ships in the fleet; the army is also improved with the latest weapons. Ambassador in Montenegro continues its work of persuasion before the council of government, they argue that it would require the presence of a military contingent to prevent any revolt and the union as part of the Kingdom of Naples will not be interrupted. The King is accordance with that decision and promises to increase their land within the Kingdom and also send troops to secure the incorporation. Furthermore, the special envoy of the King to the Kingdom of Serbia, discovers that King Brancovic has a strong disease and that the country is in deep crisis. The King's daughter Milica of Serbia has been locked up in a convent. She has lost reason for the early death of his son Philip, with the King Leonardo of Epiro. Seeing this as a great opportunity, the King himself and part of his court travel to Belgrade to show their support, friendship and provide necessary assistance to King Brancovic. Meanwhile in the Duchy of Savoy, Queen Margaret continues to present its case in the court of nobles and presenting gifts of jewelry and exotic curiosities to his son Prince Pedro, earns the favor and have access to the Duchy, once Filiperto I no longer govern, because he has no children. It formalizes the commitment between Prince Peter and Veronica Gasti, daughter of one of the noblest families of Savoy, after the Duke himself. Seeing this, and also the same pressure that makes the guard of 1000 soldiers who "protect" the queen. The Council of Nobles and Duke agree that Prince Pedro would be the new heir to the throne, but with the condition: carry crowns of Naples and Savoy at par, forming a single dynasty also keep an army in the land to prevent any foreign incursion. Parallel to these facts a royal party travels to the Palatinate to arrange the marriage of Amelia of Naples. King Tancred II also ordered that the ships coming from the south and that may be infected with the plague, not be allowed entry to any port of the Kingdom. They will be destroyed if they approach. Also receiving the news of the collapse of the Khanate in distant lands, the King organized a small fleet with 500 soldiers to take advantage of this situation and takes some little place on the north coast of the Black Sea, Querson would be a possible location.
    • Butt out of Serbia and Epirus. The Byzantine Empire has a dynastical union with both.
    • Epirus is fine, but Serbia? Byzantine Princess married Prince Ektor and he is from Epirus, right? But Serbia has nothing to do there. In Serbia Brancovic is still King, and the union of Epirus/Albania to Serbia was never realized. Besides, how can you expect a union between the Byzantine Empire and Epirus if in the war they organized the Byzantine Empire took more lands. The King of Epirus is Leonardo, and he has no offspring. How does it relate to Prince Ektor?
    • You forget this is Alternate history... He had a son called Ektor in this ATL. You also need to realize that Epirus had no way of retaining 14% of the Ottoman Empire. Hell, they doubled in size on territory they had never owned. Serbia had a dynastic union with Epirus as stated by Stewdio333's farewell message. This is different than a personal union.
    • The dynastic union is not what governs the heir of both dynasties? As it should be with the son of Leonardo and Milica? But now Leonardo has died from the plague (as you have said), and his son with Milica too. Ektor can now be

self-proclaimed King of Epirus. Milica has gone mad and is locked up in a monastery in Serbia, where the old King Brankovic still rules. Because of these events dynastic union will not be possible and because the people do not want Epirus, the League, and the Byzantine Empire took Serbia to the economic crisis, and the Princess is crazy now! (all this is ATL).

  • Venice continues naval expansion with the second arsenal under heavy construction. In order to expand Venice, hundreds of small ships are drafted to dump rocks into the Lagoon in order to create new islands. The Doge, knowing of what plagues can do, creates a group of 1,000 single members of the Venetian public who have no family or talents to speak of and are sent to check ships for the plague. If a ship has the plague, the man will flag-signal the harbour guards who will sink the ship if it comes any closer; if not, another flag-signal is sent and the ship is allowed in. Several such ships are turned away and they eventually stop at different locations, some of which include Marseilles, Toulon, Genoa, Napoli and Piraeus.
  • The Byzantine Empire is hit with the plague, an infected ship makes it into Piraeus harbour and officials discover half the crew missing and several sick individuals. News of plague arriving at Piraeus forces the Byzantine Emperor to shut down Athens and Corinth - not allowing any individual to move between those cities. Construction of the forts continues as the army is called in to protect the sites and speed up construction. Re-population crawls to a halt. Unfortunately the plague strikes heavily in Epirus. With infected escaping into Byzantine lands, the Emperor is forced to quarantine Central and Northern Greece. With news of the death of the Despot of Epirus, Emperor Dimetri sends his condolences to his son-in-law.
  • Croatia is spared the plague so far with the containment efforts within Venice working. Croatia continues military build up.
  • The Novgorodians continue to consolidate trade in Poland and Lithuania. Meanwhile, the terms of Poland are agreed to on the condition that White Russia be transfered to Novgorod, and they [this is SECRET] help Novgorod in their planned invasion of Prussia [end of SECRET]. The military is also prepared for an attack on the Khanates although it is hard to decide who is more annoying in their existence. The Novgorodians are worried about the demanding nature of the Polish King, because of their recent defeat and the fact that Warsaw flies the Novgorod flag. It is also asked that they transfer the Cossack territory in Little Russia to Muscovy (or create a vassal state for Muscovy...although I'm not sure how big it is...and that's just because a mod event was talking about Cossacks). The Novgorodians stand by their word, and Marpha is officially crowned as Grand Duchess of Novgorod and Princess of Pskov. Meanwhile, it is proposed that the Russian federation be composed of multiple Principalities and/or Hetmanates [that will be vassals of] Grand Duchies/Principalities ruled by a Grand Duke/Prince and have one Tsar that will be the first among equals of the Grand Princes of Novgorod, Moscow and Poland.
    • How big is "White" Russia from my territory?
    • White Russia is Belarus.
    • Isn't that like in the middle of Lithuania...
    • Well, the Polish no longer control that land, but I'm sure the Provinces of the Caliphate will be more than glad to allow White Russians to emigrate to Russia. Or any Orthodox for that matter.
  • Rajputana continues to improve and build road networks and bridges. The military is expanded and a series of defensive fortifications is built. The council sends many delegates to convince the Jats and other tribal groups to support the Rajputana Confederacy.
  • Genoa: We imitate the techniques of the Venetians to fight the plague. The navy is built up. We also ask Venice and Florence to coordinate naval efforts in case a war is declared against the infidels.
  • Milan works on its army. The influence over Northwest Italy (Monaco, Salucces and Montferrat) grows. The relations with the Northern Savoyan nobles are getting better as most of them are still resentful against the Savoy family that almost caused their destruction in the Civil War. The Milanese colony in Genoa grows.
  • Asti: Carlo Gonzaga gets sick. His fourteen year old daughter and William Palaiologos (William VIII's nephew) are betrothed. A considerable number of Astian militias will join the IA if the Emperor so requests.
  • Bavaria continues military build up and thanks Prussia for reconsidering their ill-advised move. The IMG hears from the Pope the dangerous new diseases spreading to the south and immediately orders a temporary moratorium on South Med trade. Diplomats, bribes and offers of marriage are still being sent to Nassau and Thuringen, with the former starting to sway toward Bavarian rule. The King declares a national tax holiday for all citizens on October 4th of each year. The economy grows, limiting the friction between the lower classes and the Holy Church. The King is pleased to see this. A book called the Nuremburg Tales, is written by the Baden-Wurttemberg native Johan Veleas. It is a story about 20 pilgrims on a pilgrimage to the Holy City of Rome. Each traveller must tell a story to win a prize at the end. It becomes a most controversial book with many people from the Church condemning and praising the book. (OTL Canterbury Tales.)
  • Baden-Wurttemberg also sends emmissaries to Nassau and Thuringen to try to sway the states into favor with Bavaria, citing the economic boom and prosperity Bavaria has brought to Baden-Wurttemberg. Karolin continues to grow. The University of Stuttgart founds a sister university called the Holy Seminary of Nuremburg. The military is expanded.
  • Tibet: The navy issue is not resolved, though ships start being built, with some observers predicting the whole government to collapse. The "national school" in Lhasa opens, with the blessing of Thunsen Gyatsen (Xeu Gyatsen, the Second Dalai Lama, will attend it). Diplomats investigate the Dual Khanate successor states, and explorers and diplomats remain in Kamarupa. In the second half of the year, Nepal becomes a vassal of Tibet after the vassalization process completes. This allows aid to reach the Kamarupa diplomats easier. Numerous new monastries are built in Kashmir and Nepal with help and funding from Tibet.
  • Cyprus declines the idea of Neapolitan military influence on the island, but agrees to the trade agreement readily. Cyprus also continues to expand its navy, and the King decrees that the first university on the island should be opened. This makes the King's popularity soar among intellectuals.
    • The King of Naples regrets hearing that, but promises to continue trading after passing the ravages of the plague.
  • The Caliphate Province of the Ottomans continues its military buildup to help defend the Caliphate should war occur. Construction of war and peace oriented industries continues to keep the army modernized and people happy with luxury goods. Construction of the Western Caliphate Fleet continues.
  • The Caliphate Province of Wallachia continues its military and industrial buildup and celebrates its newfound equality in the Caliphate. Construction of war and peace oriented industries continues to keep the army modernized and people happy with luxury goods. Wallachia maintains a defense force of 25,000 men for local use.
  • King Casimir continues to stabilize Lithuania. He signs a treaty with the Russian states giving up all claims to OTL Russia and the eastern third of OTL Ukraine. Poland demands the return of the Cossack-seized territories now occupied by the Caliphate which hold Lithuanian's Crimea coastline. Poland's army is rebuilt.
  • Lithuania shakily gets back up. The King sends troops and supplies to restore order to the nation. The Caliphate is ordered to return the Cossack territories stolen from Lithuania.
    • Dude. Lithuania is still occupied as the treaty has not been agreed to yet.
    • The Caliphate didn't steal Cosssack territory. It's a different country. Your argument is like Spain attacking the U.S.A and Britain saying that Spain stole it from them.
  • The Manchurians continue work repairing damage to their infrastructure caused by the war with Korea. The Manchurians continue expanding their country northward. The Manchurians continue the work on upgrading their navy, which had been all but destroyed during the war.
  • Burgundy: Seeing the events in Lithuania Charles the Bold continues asking the Emperor of the Romans to amp up military through the eastern borders to avoid any possible Intrusion on the Empire from the Muslims, as well that the empire, forms a joint fleet in the Mediterranean to fight the Muslims in any possible case. The army in Munster continues to Occupy the zone and to ask the Munster inhabitants to join the Duchy of Burgundy or to fall into war with us. The army of 9000 man (Frisian and Burgundian) continues the occupation, while the fleet of 240 ships continues settling the Canarian islands under Burgundian control and the African colony and continue to set small, nearby Portugal outposts. It asks Lithuania for an alliance and possible defensive military joining forces to avoid more Muslims entering your territories, Please add my colonies to the map, I have had them for a while and the Canarian colonies have grown a lot, the colony on Africa as well and the small two outposts near Portugal's, thanks
    • To ease my work in expanding your colonies, could you at least bother to explain how many pixels your colonies will expand?
  • ​Muscovy, controlling the South half of Lithuania, refuses to give back ANY land to the Polish unless the following conditions are met; That first, Poland will cede between 1/2 and 2/3 of Lithuania to Muscovy and Novgorod; that second, Half of the remainder shall form a vassal state controlled by Muscovy and Novgorod; that third, Poland shall join the Russian Federation; that fourth, (SECRET) the Polish will aid Novgorod in its war on Prussia BUT NOT TAKE ANY LAND; that fifth, any land seized by Poland and Muscovy near the Black Sea shall be split 65-35 in favor of Muscovy; that lastly, Poland will renounce any and all claim to any part of Russia or its vassals. If the terms are agreed to, in 100 years, the vassal state shall be returned to Poland, and it shall have the opportunity to leave the Federation. If any of these are disregarded...
  • Korea begins to heavily settle the Philippines, sending final extermination teams to "clean up" the natives.
  • The Inca Empire: The Kingdom increases the capacity of the army, adding a total of 150,000 men. On the north, the city-states fall one by one under the pressure and intimidation from the army and the ambassadors who flaunt their cultural supremacy, military and even religious. The ships are still being improved and travel are increasingly distant, come to hear the first news of a great civilization in the far north...
  • China expands its military. It secretly asks Tibet if it wants to assist China in a war against the shattered Dual-Khanate.