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War of IndependenceEdit
The Dominion of Arcadia had long been considered a part of Brittannic patrimony, and has a storied history full of industrialism and support for the motherland. This began to change in the later parts of the 18th century, as Brittannic leadership began to founder. Since around 1780, Brittannia, had all but abandoned Arcadia, and an era of "benign neglect" had surfaced. This continued for a number of years until 1795, when Brittiannia attempted, ineffectively, to assert dominance in the region. Several tax acts were passed, including the National Tax Act, the Sufferage Act, the Tea Act, and the Dominion Watershed Act, all of these taxes combined to basically stifle the Arcadian economy. As homerule desire increased, so did the distrust and outright disgust in Brittannia. Later in 1796, the Brittannic Parliament disbanned the Arcadian legislature, removing the voice of a million people from the equation. By the fall of 1799, Arcadia was on the precipice of war with its mother nation, after years of heavy taxation and the New Oxford Riots, which killed seven. On September 11, 1800, The Dominion of Arcadia, with support from other Borealian nations, declared independence against the Crown. The war had begun. The war went rather uneventfully, with Brittannia strapped for cash after years of turmoil at home, they sent only a marginal fleet to fight the colonists, beleaving that the colonists were easy prey. The Brittannic fleet suffered several humiliating losses, and after a decade stalemate, the war came to a close in 1810, though no official treaty was ever signed.
in 1801 an official devision of the new nation was proposed, separating Arcadia into 13 adminstrative regions or "states". Each region is a self contained legislature and Governor, that looked to the newly minted National Government for leadership. Several leaders of the Revolution voiced their concern openly of the fear that the national government would become tyrannical, thus they insisted on an issue called "states rights". Initially, the system was a loose cooperation at best, and an ineffictive disaster at worst. it took ten more years, after the nation was officially born as the Federal Republic of Arcadia, and after a national constitution and government was founded, before the states became the similarly well oiled machine that they are today. While each state maintains its own set of laws and rights, no right or freedom granted in the Consitution can be ignored by the states, as such, slavery, and native oppression are outlawed.
The National government started in 1800 with the National Revolutionary Congress and eventually became the National Congress in 1809. In 1809 a constitutional convention was held that outlined the powers of the states and the Federal government, securing liberties and freedoms, while curtailing a few others. The government is a bicameral legislature with an Executive, Legislative and Court branch. The legislative branch consists of the Senate, and the House of States, one with a fixed number of representatives, that way, even the smallest state is recognized, and the other on a sliding scale based on population. To head the nation, the Executive Office of the President of the Federal Republic of Arcadia, POTA, was born. To keep fears of Executive tyranny at bay, the High Court was founded to montior and check the other branches of national government, as well as to determine the legality and constitutionality of laws and regulations, and to protect the rights of all citizens, especially that of the natives.
As of 1830, no term limits exist, with President Westinghouse commanding an impressive 4 terms, though not consecutive. However, worried that a less benevolent president may emerge in the future, President Westinghouse has asked Congress to vote and set term limits for all Presdients in the upcoming election cycle (1834). He has laready announced, he will not run again.