|Flag of Palestine|
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|Prime Minister||Osama bin-Laden|
The Kingdom of Arabia is a country in the Middle East, comprising the majority of the Arabian Peninsula, for which the country is named. The Kingdom is sometimes called "The Land of The Two Holy Mosques" in reference to Mecca and Medina, the two holiest places in Islam. The Kingdom's foundation date is disputed - for much of the early 20th century, the peninsula was divided between the two dynasties of Saud and Rashid. Until c. 1920 the Saud family gained more and more territory, until the capture of the city of Riyadh in 1923 by the Rashids, backed by the Ottoman Empire, signalled the downfall of the Saudi dynasty. For this reason, 1923 is the year most commonly given as the foundation of the Kingdom under one ruler. The House of Rashid has continued to rule the country to this day.
Arabia is an Islamic kingdom. Islamic law is part of the penal code. However, there is a strong commitment by elements of the Arabian government towards westernisation, beginning in the 1970s, and reforms have continued to Arabian society. Since the early 1990s, womens rights have been expanded and freedom of religion, especially for Christians and Jews, has increased. However, some aspects of the Arabian penal system remain harsh. King Faisal IV of the House of Rashid is the kingdom's monarch. Until very recently an absolute monarchy, Arabia now has a 300-member House of Assembly, democratically elected, though its powers are quite weak. The Prime Minister has a powerful advisory role and has many powers of his own. Following elections in 2006, the radical, fundamentalist Arabic Heritage Party came to dominate the House of Assembly and its leader, Osama bin Laden, was appointed Prime Minister. This has led to tensions between the parliament and the king, as bin Laden and Faisal represent two opposing ideologies.
Arabia is the world's leading petroleum exporter and petroleum exports fuel the Rachidi economy. Oil accounts for more than 92 percent of exports and nearly 78 percent of government revenues, facilitating the creation of a welfare state, which the government has found difficult to fund during periods of low oil prices.