The Arab League
Blue indicates Official Members. Light Blue indicates Invited Members
|Administrative Center||Cairo, Egypt|
Egypt, Syria and Yemen
Egypt, Saudi Arabia, Syria, Yemen, Oman, Kuwait, Abu Dhabi, Qatar
|Established||November 19th, 1958|
The Arab League (Arabic: الجامعة العربية al-Jāmiʻah al-ʻArabīyah),, is a regional organization of Arab countries in and around North Africa and Arabia. It was formed in Cairo on 19 November 1958 with three members: Republic of Egypt, Republic of Syria, and Kingdom of Yemen. Saudi Arabia joined the Arab League on 21st November, 1958. By 1960, Oman, Kuwait, Abu Dhabi and Qatar has also joined the League.
The Arab League was established on 19th November, during the Chinese Civil War, following the exchange of nuclear weapons between the United States, and the Soviet Union. The established of Israel in Arab Palestine, the lack of Arab unity during the Suez Crisis, and the violation of Iraq's sovereignty by Kurdistan further heightened the disregard of the Arab cause, hence the establishment of an Arab organization was deeply sought. The newly established League aimed to be a regional organisation of Arab states with a focus to developing the economy, resolving disputes and coordinating political aims.
With only three members at its inception, the Arab League today occupies an area spanning around 4,297,645 sq km and straddles two continents: Africa and Asia. The area consists of large arid deserts, namely the Sahara. Nevertheless, it also contains several highly fertile lands, such as the Nile Valley, the High Atlas Mountains and the Fertile Crescent which stretches over Mesopotamia and the Levant. The area comprises deep forests in southern Arabia, as well as parts of the world's longest river, the Nile.
Starting with only three members in 1958, the Arab League rapidly expanded following its establishment, receiving an additional 6 members by 1960. Today occupies an area spanning around 4.29 million sq km and counts nine members. The nine members today include one of the largest African countries (Egypt) and the largest country in the Middle East (Saudi Arabia).