Anton Denikin

Born Szpetal Dolny, Russian Empire
Political Affiliation:

Russian Empire

White Movement

Rank: Lieutenant General

Russo-Japanese War

Great War

Russian Civil War

Years of Service: 1890-

Order of St. George, 3rd Class

Order of St. George, 4th Class

Order of St. Vladimir, 3rd Class

Order of St. Vladimir, 4th Class

Order of St. Anne, 3rd Class

Order of St. Anne, 4th Class

Order of St. Stanislaus, 2nd Class

Order of St. Stanislaus, 3rd Class

Bedge of the Ice March

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Anton Ivanovich Denikin (Анто́н Ива́нович Дени́кин) was Lieutenant General of the Imperial Russian Army and one of the foremost generals of the White Army in the Russian Civil War.

Early life

Denikin was born in Szpetal Dolny village, in the Russian province of Poland. The son of a serf, he lived in a state of poverty. He entered the Imperial Russian Army at the age of twenty and served in an artillery brigade for three years.

Mlitary Career

Denikin first saw active service during the Russo-Japanese War. By the time it was over, he had achieved the rank of colonel. Just a few weeks before the outbreak of the Great War in 1914, he had become a major general.

Initially, Denikin was to be a quartermaster in General Alexey Brusilov's unit, but petitioned for a transfer to the front lines. He was sent to the 4th Rifle Brigade, which eventually evolved into a division.

Following the abdication of Czar Nicholas II, Denikin became chief of staff to Generals Mikhail Alexeev, Brusilov, and finally Lavr Kornilov. Denikin supported Kornilov's failed coup against Russian Prime Minister Aleksandr Kerensky. In September 1917, Denikin and Kornilov were sent to prison. The office of commander-in-chief would pass to Alexeev.

Russian Civil War

Denikin and Kornilov escaped prison after the October Revolution and fled to the Caucasus city of Novocherkassk. They met with other czarist officers there and formed the White Army. They went on to Yalta and met with other former imperial officers at the Livadia Palace to discuss their aims.

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