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Angu Languages (Ninety-Five Theses Map Game)

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Name

History

Demographics

Grammar

Syntax

The Angu language follows a SOV order, which is why clitics are mostly used to express the "mood" of a sentence.

Mood clitics
-i/-nji indicative
-ta polar question
-wâ content question
-ti dubitative

Pronouns

Personal Pronouns
1SG 2SG 3SG 1DL 2/3DL 1PL 2PL 3PL
basic nji si ki je qe ne he qu
genitive
-qa
nqa
n-qa
tqa
t-qa
kiqa
ki-qa
jeqa
je-qa
qeqa
qe-qa
neqa
ne-qa
hiqa
he-qa
quwqa
qu-qa
genitive
-jaqa
njaqa
n-jaqa
saqa
t-jaqa
kijaqa
(kejaqa)
ki-jaqa
jejaqa
je-jaqa
qejaqa
qe-jaqa
nejaqa
ne-yaqa
hejaqa
(hijaqa)
he-jaqa
qujaqa
qu-jaqa
emphatic
-ua
nua
n-ua
tua
t-ua
kiua
ki-ua
jeua
je-ua
qeua
qe-ua
neua
ne-ua
hiua
he-ua
quwa
qu-ua
Demonstrative pronoun roots
near far indefinite exactive
neutral to i *hn *qa
level *n
above *ya
below *m
Demonstrative personal pronouns based on i
masculine
-qu
feminine
-i ~ -u
honorific
-pa
diminutive
-pu ~ -su
singular iqu
i-qu
ii
i-i
ipa
i-pa
ipu
i-pu
dual
-aqu
iquaqu
i-qu-aqu
iuaqu
i-u-aqu
ipequ
i-pa-aqu
isuaqu
i-su-aqu
plural
-a
iqua
i-qu-a
iua
i-u-a
ipe
i-pa-a
isua
i-su-a
Object and genitive forms of n.m.d. pronouns
singular dual plural
object-(Vowel) ique
i-qu-e
iquaqui
i-qu-aqu-i
iquau
i-qu-a-u
genitive-qa iqueqa
i-qu-e-qa
iquaquijqa
i-qu-aqu-i-qa
iquauqa
i-qu-a-u-qa
genitive-ua iqueua
i-qu-e-ua
iquaquiua
i-qu-aqu-i-ua
iquaua
i-qu-a-ua
M.sg.d. pronouns
near mid far indefinite exactive
neutral toqu
to-qu
this one
iqu
i-qu
that one
hnqu
hn-qu
someone
qaqu
qa-qu
the very one
level nequ
n-e-qu
the one there
nanu
n-nu
the one way over there
above jequ
j-e-qu
the one up there
janu
ja-nu
the one way up there
below mequ ~ biqu
m-e-qu ~ m-t-qu
the one down there
manu
m-nu
the one way down there
m. and f. n. demonstratives-subject form
m/sg m/dl m/pl f/sg f/dl f/pl
first person iqun(a)
i-qu-n
iquje
i-qu-je
iqune
i-qu-ne
inja
i-i-n
iuaje
-i-u-je
ine
i-u-ne
second person iquki
i-qu-ki
iquangu
i-qu-angu
iquen(ja)
i-qu-en
iki
i-i-ki
iuangu
i-u-angu
iuen(ja)
i-u-en
third person iqu
i-qu
iquaqu
i-qu-aqu
iqua
i-qu-a
ii
i-i
iuaqu
i-u-aqu
iua
i-u-a

Nouns

hika stone knua thought ana house
village
place
qu'ujqa human spirit
ya tree buaya sweet potato quwqa leaf qui bad
tasipequ older brother nguequ younger brother qoka man apaka woman

Phonology

Consonants

Latin Script Angu Script IPA English approximation
m /m/ him
n /n/ month
nj1 /ɲ/ N/A (spanish ñ)
ń2 /ŋ/ sing
p /p/ pack
t /t̪/ thin
ć /t͡ʃ/ leach
k /k/ kiss
q /q/ cut (London accent)
b /mb/ aback
d /ⁿd̪/ then (Ulster accent)
đ /nd͡ʑ/ N/A
g /ŋɡ/ gaggle
q /ŋq/ cut (London accent)
h /h/ high
j /j/ you
w /w/ weep
' /ʔ/ uh-oh

1 - Nj is a diphtongue that evolved due to the 1sg nji. The previous form was ň.

2 - ń has disappeared from writings after few years of scarce use. The sound is now present as an alophone of n in fron of k and q

Vowels

Latin Script Angu Script IPA English approximation
i ? /i/ seek
u ? /u/ pool
e ? /e/ den
o ? /o/ lord
a ? /a/ father
â3 ? /ɒ/ law

3 - After many years of trade with Portuguese, this vowel was slowly lost and most words now dropped it or replaced it with a or o.

Orthography

Numerals

Footnotes

Languages for future reference
Kâte Tifal Huli numerals TNG Muhiang
Many portions of this grammar were made with the help of Carl R. Whitehead's Menyan grammar doctoral thesis. I (SkyGreen24) express my thanks to him.

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