Anglo-Japanese War (Two Chinas)
Date 13 June 1812 - 2 October 1814
Location Japan, Formosa
Result Tokugawa/Ming Empire Victory; Great Britain barred from trading with Japan until the fall of the Tokugawa Shogunate
Tokugawa Shotgunate

Empire of the Great Ming

and various domains of the Tokugawa

supported by the Empire of France (weapons)

United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland

Company Raj

Commanders and leaders
Tokugawa Ienari

Matsudaira Katahiro

Uesugi Harunori

Uesugi Haruhito

numerous Ming generals

and numerous Daiymo

Duke of Wellington

James Gambier

Robert Calder

William Beresford

Sir Richard Strachan

George Harris

David Baird

and numerous officers

Tokugawa Shogunate: ~750,000

Domains of Tokugawa: ~200,000

Ming Empire: ~120,000

Total: ~1,070,000

Great Britain: ~800,000

Company Raj: ~300,000

Total: ~1,100,000

Casualties and losses
Tokugawa: ~256,000

Domains: ~134,000

Ming Empire: ~72,000

Great Britain: ~677,000

Company Raj: ~249,000

The Anglo-Japanese War was an armed conflict between the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland and the Tokugawa Shogunate of Japan. 

Causes of War

A largely debated topic by historians and politicians alike, there were many different theories on how the Anglo-Japanese War began and why the British Empire declared war on the Tokugawa. 

Japanese Restriction of Western Trade

One of the major theories include the fact that the Tokugawa Shogunate and its domains were extremely conceited in their nation that "[The Samurai] did not want western powers to "pollute" the honor and culture of its people." according to a British officer who had served in the most brutal campaign of the war, the Musashi Campaign, Others say that the Tokugawa Shogunate was nervous with the issue of western powers that they decided to close the trade with the west due to "safety concerns".

Bloodthirsty Britain Theory

A popular theory among Japanese, American, and French historians. This theory claims that due to Britain's reputation as a colonizer that they just wanted the land just for the sake of it. British historians largely disagree and are quite offended by this notion. 

French Relations

This theory claims that the British, at odds with French, declared war simply because of Japanese friendly relations with France. 

British-Ming Conflict

The most popular theory, the cause of war was due to the concurrent British-Ming Conflict over the island of Formosa and Hong Kong. When the British captured Formosa they drove the Ming off. Later, the Ming requested help from the Tokugawa in exchange for the the island of Formosa and Manchuria. The Japanese quickly accepted, forcing the British to declare war. 

Declaration of War

On 11 June 1812, the British Empire declares war on the Tokugawa Shogunate and its domains. One 13 June 1812, the first British troops land in Chiba from Formosa. 

Campaigns and Battles

Chiba Campaign (13 June 1812-3 May 1813)

The Chiba Campaign was the first major conflict in the Anglo-Japanese War. Immediately after declaration of war, the British sent in 40,000 troops from Formosa to attack Chiba. 

Battle of Shinmosa

Kyoto Campaign 

Fall of Kyoto

First Attempt to retake Kyoto

Okinawa Campaign

Edo Campaign

Ezo Campaign

Fall of Ezo 

First Musashi Campaign

Aizu Campaign 

Entrance of the Ming

Second Musashi Campaign

Second Chiba Campaign

Retake of Ezo

Second Attempt to retake Kyoto

Formosa Campaign

Fall of British Formosa

Retake of Kyoto

British Defeat

British Surrender & Peace Treaty


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