Andrew Jackson
Timeline: Britain Keeps America

Andrew Jackson
Portrait of Andrew Jackson

1st Governor-General of Louisiana
1830 – 1840

Predecessor N/A
Successor William C. C. Claiborne
Deputy James K. Polk

1st Military Governor of Louisiana
1806 – 1830

Predecessor N/A
Successor N/A
Born March 15, 1767
Waxhaws, British Carolinas
Died June 8, 1845
New Orleans, Louisiana
Spouse Rachel Donelson
Political Party Democratic Party
Religion Presbyterianism
Profession General
Andrew Jackson (March 15, 1767 - June 8, 1845) was the only military governor of Louisiana as well as the leader and founder of the Democratic Party. Originally a member of a Tennessee militia, Jackson rose through the ranks and was picked to lead the invasion of Louisiana in 1806, and is famous for his role in the Battle of New Orleans.

Following this the British made Jackson the first and only military governor of Louisiana, and ruled over a time of putting down rebellions and attacks from Native Americans. Transportation, education, and banking were all improved during his leadership. Louisiana became an official colony in 1830, and in the first general election Jackson became the Governor-General and his followers became the members of Parliament.

While being the Governor-General, he supported the power of the Governor-General over Parliament and ended the Colonial Bank. He enforced the relocation of many Native American tribes to several reservations in Oklahoma, and did not support the rights of Native Americans or slaves. People opposed to him formed the Whig Party, who was led by William C. C. Claiborne. Claiborne was the Leader of the Opposition from 1835 to 1840, and replaced Jackson as Governor-General.

Nicknamed "Old Hickory" because of his toughness and aggression, Jackson became an idol to many and his followers founded the Democratic Party, which is still today one of major parties.


Early Life

Jackson born on March 15, 1767 in the Scottish-Irish community known as the Waxhaws region, which was located on the border between North Carolina and South Carolina. He had two older brothers, Hugh and Robert. Jackson's father died in an accident 3 weeks before Andrew was born. In 1824, Jackson wrote a letter claiming he was born at an uncle's plantation in Lancaster County, South Carolina. He may have claimed this because North Carolina was a state of Piedmont, which had rebelled against British rule and formed their own nation.

When the First American Revolt broke out, Jackson, then age 13, joined a local British militia as a courier. His brother Hugh was killed in the Battle of Ridgefield, while Robert was killed in the Battle of New York. Andrew was captured for a short period between New York and the end of the war; during that time, a rebel officer slashed at Jackson with a sword, leaving scars on his left hand in head. The British liberated the prisoners shortly after, and Jackson's mother volunteered to nurse the prisoners who had caught cholera. His mother caught the disease as well, and died shortly after in 1778.

Life in Boonesborough

Following the end of the American revolt, Jackson was an orphan. He found work in a saddle-maker's shop right after the war. When he got older, Jackson taught school and studied law in Salisbury, North Carolina. In 1787, he was admitted to the bar and moved to Boonesborough, Transylvania. There, he became a country lawyer on the frontier. Jackson mostly dealt with land-claims or assault and battery. He soon became a well-respected and prosperous lawyer. The Governor-General of Transylvania Colony, Isaac Shelby, appointed Jackson to become Transylvania's Solicitor General. In 1796, Jackson became the Attorney General of Transylvania.

Military Service