Andrew David McCarty (15 April 1908 - 29 January 1994) was an American politician and attorney most notable as the Democratic nominee for President in the 1968 election and as a five-term Senator from Arkansas, serving from 1953 until 1983. Known as the "Champion of the South," he was an icon of small-government, socially moderate Southerners in the 1960's and 1970's. A strong opponent of the United States nuclearization and militarization during the 1960's, McCarty later became a proponent of unilateralism in the 1970's and by the end of his term was described by many within his own party as "the South's first liberal." He tried unsuccessfully to run for President three times - 1964, 1968 and 1976 - and was one of the dominant figures within his party for decades. He served as both the Senate Majority and Minority leader on occasion, and chaired the Senate Foreign Relations Committee for twelve years.