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Principality of Andorra (English)Timeline: Principia Moderni III (Map Game)
Principat d'Andorra (Catalan)
"Virtus Unita Fortior" (Latin)
"United virtue is stronger"
El Gran Carlemany (Catalan)
|Capital||Andorra la Vella|
|-||Co-Prince||Galcerà de Vilanova, Bishop of Urgell
Isabella, Countess of Foix
|-||Total|| 467.63 km2
181 sq mi
Tradition holds that Charles the Great (Charlemagne) granted a charter to the Andorran people in return for fighting against the Moors. Overlordship of the territory was by the Count of Urgell and eventually by the bishop of the Diocese of Urgell. In 988, Borrell II, Count of Urgell, gave the Andorran valleys to the Diocese of Urgell in exchange for land in Cerdanya.Since then the Bishop of Urgell, based in Seu d'Urgell, has owned Andorra. Before 1095, Andorra did not have any type of military protection and the Bishop of Urgell, who knew that the Count of Urgell wanted to reclaim the Andorran valleys,asked for help and protection from the Lord of Caboet. In 1095, the Lord of Caboet and the Bishop of Urgell signed under oath a declaration of their co-sovereignty over Andorra. Arnalda, daughter of Arnau of Caboet, married the Viscount of Castellbò and both became Viscounts of Castellbò and Cerdanya. Years later their daughter, Ermessenda, married Roger Bernat II, the French Count of Foix. They became Roger Bernat II and Ermessenda I, Counts of Foix, Viscounts of Castellbò and Cerdanya, and co-sovereigns of Andorra (shared with the Bishop of Urgell).
In the 11th century, a dispute arose between the Bishop of Urgell and the Count of Foix. The conflict was resolved in 1278 with the mediation of Aragon by the signing of the first paréage which provided that Andorra's sovereignty be shared between the count of Foix and the Bishop of Urgell, in Catalonia. This gave the principality its territory and political form.
The Andorran Culture Is The Combined With Spanish, Basque, French And Aragonese Together. This Is Called "The Catalan Culture" And Most Andorrians Use This Culture. (Also There are Other Cultures Used In Andorra Shown In The Left ----------------->)
Andorra Gets Most Trade In Hispanian Colonies Like Africa And America And Mostly In Africa, Madagascar My Taking Land Trade To Mainland Spain Trade