- John C Calhoun decides to support the acquisition of all of Mexico, where in OTL he was opposed to it. In TTL he considered Mexico a place to expand slavery to. Thus, with Calhoun rallying the support of the South, the United States force Mexico to disband their government, and it becomes a territory of the United States in 1848. There was relatively little resistance by the population because of the unpopularity of the Santa Anna Government.
- By this time the territories of California, Chihuahua, Sonora, and some others are ready to be admitted to the Union. This arouses fierce debate in Washington, as none of these territories want to have slavery. The admission of so many free states would upset the balance in the senate between free and slave states. Thus a great compromise is needed. Henry Clay, Daniel Webster and John C. Calhoun step forward. After weeks of debate, there is a compromise, called the great compromise. It's details include the following:
- All future states which will be admitted to the Union will decide upon the issue of slavery by popular sovereignty.
- A new fugitive slave law will be made in order to stop the escape of fugitive slaves.
- Federal grants will be made, encouraging current slave-holding states to break into smaller states, and non slave-holding states to combine, thus equalizing representation in the senate.
- By this time Mexico has been carved up so that there are no so many states, thus appeasing the south. North Mexico includes Baja California, Sonora, Chihuahua, Nueva Leon, Tamaulipas, and Coahuila. South Mexico contains Chiapas, Oaxaca, Guerrero, southern Veracruz, and Michoacan. Yucatan is made up of Campeche, Quintana Roo, Yucatan, and Tabasco. The remaining states make up the State of Mexico. All have been admitted to the union at this time. Texas has also been split up into West Texas, Houston, North Texas, and Alamo.
- The Kansas-Nebraska Act causes unrest in America. The south, still behind in number of slave states needs Kansas to allow slavery. Calls for secession grow.
- NOVEMBER. Abraham Lincoln wins the Election by a large majority, helped significantly by the electoral votes of the new Mexican states. Lincoln was seen as more friendly to other races because of his opposition to the expansion of slavery, and thus the former Mexicans supported him.
- The states of South Carolina, North Carolina, Georgia, Florida, Alabama, Mississippi, Virginia, Kentucky, Tennessee, Arkansas, Louisiana, Oklahoma and all the Texas states secede, claiming that Lincoln wanted to abolish slavery.
- MARCH. Lincoln is inaugurated. In his address to the nation, he says "I will work to preserve the union which our forefathers forged through their sweat and blood." Lincoln mobilizes the army, but does not order any incursion into the newly formed Confederate States of America.
- APRIL. The opening shots of the Civil war are fired at Fort Sumter, when Lincoln tries to re-inforce the garrison. Lincoln orders George McClellan to execute the Python plan. This was the Plan that Lincoln had been working on since the secession of the south months earlier. the plan called for the following.
- The main body of the union forces would attempt to capture Richmond.
- Another Army would move south along the Mississippi from Illinois.
- A third army would move North out of Northern Mexico. They would march on Houston, then New Orleans, and eventually meet up with the second army moving south.
- Confederate General Robert E. Lee moves his army into northern Virginia to counter McClellan who had recently crossed the border.
- MAY. McClellan and Lee meet in the battle of Manassas on the first. Lee routs McClellan and the Army of the Potomac retreats back over the Potomac.
- Before General Grant can move into the state of Alamo, he must first move his army south to deal with a rebellion by Mexican Nationalists who want to recreate the old Mexican Empire. Grant puts down the rebellion when he defeats the rebel forces in the siege of Mexico City. By the end of the month he is back at the border poised to cross the Rio Grande.
- On the sixth General Hooker leads an army of about 20,000 men across the Ohio river at Cairo, Illinois and begins marching down the east side. He is resupplied and protected by gunboats on the Mississippi. He is largely uncontested, save a few sporadic cavalry raids. He decides to divide his forces and sends about 5,000 men across the river to march north and capture St. Louis.
- JUNE. On the second, the contingent of men Hooker sent north is ambushed by a confederate force of about 10,000 men and destroyed.
- Three days later General Grant crosses into Texas and Defeats small contingent of Texans in the battle of Brownsville. He too is being supplied by water, by the U.S. Navy in the gulf coast.
- General Lee crosses the Potomac into Maryland with about 40,000 troops, and fights the battle of Washington with McClellan, who commands about 55,000. The battle is a stalemate with both sides suffering heavy casualties. Lee retreats into Virginia to Arlington, with his Army still within sight of Washington.
- Hooker is ambushed at the gates of Memphis by a force defending it and the force from Missouri which had been trailing Hooker's for miles. Hooker is defeated, but manages to salvage about 2/3 of his force and returns north.
- Lee makes another move on the 30th. He had been moving most of the CSA's forces East, and so he took about 35,000 troops to distract McClellan. General Stonewall Jackson took about 20,000 troops farther west in an indirect attack on the Northeast.
- Lee leads McClellan on a chase through Maryland and southern Pennsylvania for over a week, while Jackson moved north sacking Harrisburg, Reading and approaching Philadelphia.
- Lee finds his army pinned down by Union artillery in the Juniata river valley. He is forced to surrender and is taken captive by McClellan's forces, along with a large part of the Army of Northern Virginia.
- JULY. Jackson retreats back into Virginia, since his small force cannot stand up to McClellan's larger force.
- Grant takes Houston after a week-long siege. He is puzzled at why more resistance is not being thrown against him.
- Hooker attempts to cross the Mississippi again but this time his landing is turned back by General Albert Sidney Johnson.
- McClellan enters Virginia. He marches onto Richmond, but is hindered by a hostile population who sabotages his army multiple times. On the 24th he reaches Richmond, and Jackson is entrenched in front of the city. McClellan sends in wave after wave, but they are all rebuffed by Jackson with minimal losses. McClellan is removed from command because he lost almost half of his 60,000 men. The reality sets in that this war will be long and hard.
- AUGUST. In the east both sides return to their borders after suffering incredible losses of men. A draft is instituted in both the North and South to replace the tens of thousands both sides have lost. The one place the north has had success is in Texas, where Grant is now approaching Louisiana.
- On the 9th Jackson sends Longstreet west to try to hold back Grant, while waiting for Lincoln to name a successor to McClellan.
- On the 24th Lincoln recalls Grant to the East to Command the main Union force. Burnside takes control of the Army in Texas.
- SEPTEMBER. Both sides make harassing raids in the East but nothing more.
- OCTOBER. Burnside besieges New Orleans, but is soon forced to break off the siege when Longstreet attacks with a superior force.
- NOVEMBER. Both armies in the east make camp for the winter. Hooker's forces are re-inforced in the Midwest.
- DECEMBER. Grant meets with Lincoln to discuss strategy for the next year. Jackson does the same with Jefferson Davis. The Union decides to raise armies from the Mexican states. Until this point the armies had only been formed by the states who were in the union before 1848. They also decide to start admitting Blacks into the Army.
- JANUARY. The Union decides they are going to commit everything to gamble everything on another push at Richmond. The Confederates decide they will defeat any northern attack and then go on the offensive attacking Washington D.C. Towards the end of the month the Mexican units are taking shape.
- MARCH. Grant withdraws 90% of all Union forces currently west of the Appalachians to the area outside Washington D.C. These soldiers will soon be replaced by even greater numbers of soldiers from Mexico.
- The Union launches operation Bone-Crusher on the 31st. Grant Marches into Virginia with nearly 80,000 men. Jackson has about 60,000 under his command. Both armies have been revitalized by the draft, and are fresh after a winter of rest. The two armies meet around Fredericksburg. Grant is repulsed in his initial assault on the Confederates who hold the high ground. but on the second day he performs a flanking maneuver and drives Jackson from the field. Neither side suffers more than mild casualties.
- APRIL. The second battle of Richmond starts. This time the Union forces completely encircle the city and a siege begins.
- MAY. General Burnside captures New Orleans, and General Hooker makes another excursion into Kentucky. Longstreet has returned east with almost all Confederate soldiers west of he Appalachians to try to relieve Jackson.
- JUNE. The siege of Richmond is now in its second month. Conditions are getting desperate behind the trenches, as food is running low. At the end of the month Longstreet approaches Richmond with about 20,000 weary men.
- JULY. Grant takes half of his forces to deal with Longstreet, and leaves Reynolds in charge of the siege. During this time Jackson attempts a breakout. He is successful and Reynolds takes the army in a retreat to rejoin Grant. Longstreet and Jackson meet up and launch an attack against the Union forces who are still trying to organize. The next day they meet five miles from Richmond. At first it appears that Grant's middle is about the break, but then they recover and hold the line. Both sides suffer heavy losses but in the end Jackson must retreat. Lincoln uses the victory as a chance to issue the Emancipation Proclamation, freeing all slaves, in the USA and CSA. Martial law is declared in Maryland to deal with Anti-Lincoln riots.
- AUGUSTUnable to engage Jackson in any other major battle, Grant retreats to Washington for resupply. On the way he burns Richmond. After the siege was broken, the CSA government had been evacuated and relocated to Charleston.
- SEPTEMBER. The armies under Burnside and Hooker meet at Memphis. The confederacy is now cut in half.
- OCTOBER. Jackson camps near the ashes of Richmond, while Grant camps in Arlington, on the Virginia side of the Potomac to make a statement. The combined armies of Burnside and Hooker make camp near Memphis.
- November. The CSA makes pleas to Britain and France for aid but none is forthcoming.
- December. Grant meets with Lincoln to decide on strategy for the next year. The same is done in the confederacy.
- MARCH. Lincoln and Grant start operation decimation. This will involve a shifting of troops west, while still maintaining a large army in the east to occupy Jackson. The Army under the Command of Burnside and Hooker swells to over 40,000 while Grant's force is still about 50,000. Jackson commands 40,000 men in the est, and sends Longstreet west to command a force of 25,000. The plan in the west is for Hooker to take 15,000 men east through Kentucky, Burnside to take 10,000 south into Alabama, and General Sherman to take 15,000 southeast towards Georgia. All three were ordered to destroy everything in their path.
- MAY. Longstreet engages Hooker near Bowling Green, KY. Longstreet's superior forces prevail, and Hooker retreats to the southwest, in an attempt to link up with Sherman. Grant continues to pursue Jackson, stretching his supply lines, while burning anything in his sight. An army consisting of entirely of Hispanics, officers and enlisted men begins an attack to take control of Texas, Louisiana, Arkansas, and Missouri.
- JUNE. Burnside takes Jackson with only light resistance. almost all southern manpower currently available is under the control of Jackson or Longstreet. Hooker meets up with Sherman just prior to their arrival at Chattanooga. Longstreet also arrives, but does not engage the Union force. On the 18th Jackson sends Jeb Stuart to cut Grant's supply lines, and he succeeds, Grant is forced to retreat. Longstreet digs in on the south side of he Cumberland, with his 25,000 men, and the few thousand local defenders. Grant and Hooker prepare to attack with their forces of about 30,000, because they had been slightly re-inforced. Their forces manage to gain a foothold on the southern bank, but the fighting is bloody, and a breakout is not happening.
- JULY. On the fourth, a task force of about five thousand crosses the Cumberland ten miles down the river. They take Longstreet in the rear, and this as well as an attack from the front force Longstreet to flea. On the 18th, Burnside marches into Mobile.
- AUGUST. Grant makes one last push in the summer campaigns and attacks Jackson at Charlottesville on the 31st. Both sides take high casualties, and Grant retreats. However, the victor is Grant, as the South cannot afford these casualties as well. Sherman marches into Georgia, but is harassed the whole way by Longstreet. Burnside has to stop his advance because of his long supply lines.
- SEPTEMBER. Both sides take an opportunity to rest and resupply. All of the land west of the Mississippi is now under union control.
- OCTOBER. The western armies are ordered to halt, so that the Government can consolidate their hold on Tennessee, Texas, Arkansas, Missouri, Louisiana, Mississippi, and Alabama. the only parts of the confederacy that remain in rebel hands are Virginia, North and South Carolina, Georgia, Florida, and some of Kentucky.
- NOVEMBER. Strategy is reviewed for both sides for the following year. The debate in the north is whether to devote the main force to try to destroy Jackson, or continue from the west. The confederates are debating whether or not to attack and risk everything, or try to defend. The union decides to devote everything in the east, while the Confederates decide to attack.
- February. Jackson gathers the remainder of the Confederacies man power. He recalls Longstreet and leaves only a ghost force to hold down the west. Jackson summons about 65,000 men. Grant recalls all of Burnside's forces, and a portion of Sherman's. This leaves Sherman with about 20,000, while Grant summons about 70,000.
- March. The confederates take the union off guard launching an attack earlier than expected. Grant falls back across the Potomac.
- April. Jackson crosses the Potomac. His goal is to capture Philadelphia. He meets with Grant at the battle of Antietam. Grant is defeated, but at a high cost to Jackson. In the west, Sherman takes Atlanta.
- June. Jackson again meets Grant at the battle of Baltimore. Grant is victorious, after a failed charge which devastates the confederate forces. Sherman sacks Augusta.
- July. Jackson retreats into Virginia, with Grant hot on his heels.
- August. Sherman sacks Savannah. Grant relentlessly pursues Jackson, wearing down his forces.
- September. Jackson is still running.
- October. The confederate government is moved to Raleigh, as Sherman closes in on Charleston. Sherman does reach Charleston on Halloween.
- November. Sherman makes camp in Charleston. Grant does the same back in Maryland. Jackson does the same near Norfolk. Lincoln wins reelection.
- March. Sherman moves north along the coast. Grant moves south into Virginia. He engages Jackson at the battle of Norfolk. Grant suffers heavy casualties, but he quickly replaces it. Jackson can't replace what he loses.
- April. Sherman reaches Raleigh, NC. Grant fights Jackson at Newport news. Again Grant suffers heavy losses, but the ones suffered by Jackson are far more lethal.
- May. Jackson is surrounded at Elizabeth City, NC when he is taken from behind by Sherman, who is advancing up the coast. Jackson surrenders and the Civil War is over.
- July. On the fourth, Abraham Lincoln announces he will allow all former confederate states back into the Union. Once they ratify the 13th amendment banning slavery, and 25% of the population signed pledges of loyalty to the union they would be readmitted with full rights. Many more radical republicans question the wisdom of this, but Lincoln was the unquestioned leader of the nation, so they went along.
- By May all of the seceding states had been readmitted. The government appropriated large amounts of money to help rebuild the south.
- Congress passes the 14th amendment, conferring basic civil rights on all people in the US regardless of race.
- In March, the American public is outraged when they learn that the British and French governments had been supplying the Confederacy with with supplies, as well as letting Confederate warships dock in their harbors. The British did this because they felt that the Americans were growing too powerful, and wanted to weaken them by supporting the Confederacy. Because of this Anglo-American relations take a turn for the worse.
- Abraham Lincoln is elected to a third term. He promises to lead the nation in four more years of healing.
- Franco-Prussian war starts in Europe. The Germans win a decisive victory.
- The Federal government is able to pass various civil rights laws, guaranteeing All male citizens over 21 the right to vote.
- Some outraged northerners take things into their own hands and begin making raids into Canada. Lincoln and the government quickly denounce these raids as vigilante and illegal. They continue for months, despite the governments efforts to put them down.
- McKinley elected. The successfully purchases Philippines from Spain, because The Spanish are deep in debt. The people are no friendlier to the Americans than to the Spanish. He later purchases Wake and Guam.
- Shortly after his reelection McKinley is assassinated by a socialist. Teddy Roosevelt is sworn in as president. HE immediately increases the size of the military and makes promises to the European nations that he will enforce the Monroe Doctrine. This is because many European nations had recently become more aggressive in the western hemisphere. Roosevelt acquires Hawaii.
- After failed attempts to buy the Panamanian peninsula from the Colombians, Theodore Roosevelt orders the invasion of Panama. This all creates severe backlash against Roosevelt in the states. Many call him a barbarian, and he is nearly impeached. The only thing that saved him was his terrific record of domestic reform. He realizes he may have crossed the line and over the next few years concentrates his efforts on domestic reforms.
- Roosevelt helps pass many social reforms including: laws prohibiting child labor, laws regulating trusts, and laws allowing labor to organize. this last set of laws is especially remarkable, as after the civil war business had been allowed to flourish without government intervention, making America one of the largest industrial manufacturers in the world.
- Roosevelt wins the election.
- Roosevelt passes legislation allowing women to vote in local and state elections but not national elections.
- Britain, fearing further expansion of America, buys Alaska from the Russians (the price is same as the Americans bought it in OTL), and prepares plans to seize northern Columbia, thus stopping any contiguous American Expansion. Roosevelt says "The British are sticking their noses where they do not belong, and are going to get it broken."
- The British invade both Venezuela and Colombia from British Guyana. In three months they have conquered the northern coasts of these two Nations. They sign a peace Treaty, and Venezuela and Colombia merge into one nation, because otherwise the Venezuelans would have lacked a coastline. The Colombians still control about a hundred mile stretch of coastline on the Pacific. Britain also conquers Central America, Suriname and French Guiana.
- Roosevelt is outraged, but dares not do anything because of the unpopularity of his previous Latin American escapades.
- The Panama Canal is completed. The Latin American conquests begin to bear fruit. The source of cheap labor is a boon to industrialists. Cities like Guatemala city, San Jose and Tegucigalpa see rapid industrialization. In response to some saying that America was taking advantage of its newest members, a minimum wage law is passed. This slows growth, but it still continues quickly. The wages made by Latin Americans are now much higher than what they made before conquest, thus helping to further pacify them. By the end of the year, they have all been accepted as states.
- Archduke Franz Ferdinand is assassinated. World War One begins. Germany, Austria-Hungary and the Ottoman Turks fight France, Britain, and Russia. Britain enters the war right away and Begins blockading the German coast. This angers the neutral Americans, who looked to profit from both sides.
- Americans are angered at both sides when both the Germans and British sink supplies bound for the other on American ships.
- Fighting bogs down into brutal trench warfare.
- Roosevelt is elected to a fourth term. He wins on a campaign pledge to keep the Americans out of the war. Roosevelt who is normally more militaristic, reached this decision because he thought the Americans could emerge as a world power after the two warring sides drained each other of manpower.
- Germans begin the battle of Verdun.
- The British launch the battle of the Somme.
- At the end of the year both sides have suffered high casualties. there is talk of a possible cease fire.
- The February revolution occurs and Russia drops out of the war. The Germans had been sending out feelers for a peace agreement. This ends that possibility of peace, as Germany's hopes rise.
- Germany decides not to resume unrestricted Submarine warfare, as they don't want to provoke the US.
- Expecting a huge influx of Veterans from the eastern front the British and French launch a huge offensive. They start it on June 1st. This is the largest offensive they have made so far, as both the French and British had reduced forces in their colonies to a mere pittance. The British struck out from Ypres on the first. The French struck out from Verdun on the Fifth. This delay was hoped to take the Germans by surprise, they hopefully would have moved troops north to deal with the British and thus would not be able to redirect them fast enough to halt the French. The goal was to meet at Florennes by the end of the month, encircling the German army in between. Both armies would employ significant amounts of tanks.
- The battle begins. The British make large gains on the first few days. The Tanks cross the trenches and the Germans who were unfamiliar with the, fell back in disorder. In three days the British reach Renaix. Then the French launch their part. They meet lower resistance levels than they were used to, thus moralizing the troops that had been on the edge of mutiny. In a week they reach Sedan. The Germans realize what is happening. After just a week of offensive a pincer has formed they throw everything they have into stopping it. By the end of the next week they have slowed the advance, but it is still going. The British have reached Mons, and the French have reached Fumay. Just a fifty mile gap remains in the pocket. Soon however the Germans learn how to defend against tanks. They get a big enough influx of personnel from the east that the fronts of the two pincers never move closer than forty miles. The British moved fifty miles, and the french sixty, but they fell short of their objective.
- The Germans begin their Spring offensive against the allies who seem to have given their last great push. The German strategy is to push north from Lens to Calais, a distance of over 60 miles. To deceive the Allies they first launch a week long artillery assault in the south, making it appear they are going to try to attack the French. Troops are moved accordingly. On April first the Germans strike out from Lens. They cover two miles in the first day. The next they cover 3. By the end of the week they have covered 15 and have reached Lillers. By the end of the month they have reached the sea. Most of the British army is trapped. They start a massive evacuation at Dunkirk. With the British out of the picture temporarily The Germans turn toward Paris, capturing and ending the war.
- In the peace treaty France handed over all of their colonies to Germany, and to pay reparations.
- The roaring twenties begin. In the victorious countries of Germany, Austria Hungary, the Ottoman Empire, and also the US and Britain. This is a time of unprecedented Economic growth.
- Calvin Coolidge is elected president.
- Civil War erupts in Austria-Hungary. The Monarchy is unable to hold its power over the many ethnic groups. Many of the different ethnic groups call for independence. The Final result is Germany mediates a peace where Austria is absorbed into Germany, Hungary, Slovakia, Slovenia, Croatia, and Serbia are all created and are satellite states of Germany. Under the treaties Germany is allowed to maintain and move troops through these states.
- Coolidge is re-elected President amid enormous prosperity.
- Germany uses their bower to sign treaties with Romania, Bulgaria, and Greece making them semi-dependent on Germany. Now Germany has virtual control of Europe from the Rhine to Russia.
- Coolidge is elected to a third term.
- The stock market crashes starting the Great Depression. Coolidge takes a policy of nonintervention in economic matters. This worsens things.
- No president has ever been so loved or so hated. Coolidge is loathed by most Americans for not doing anything to stop their suffering. FDR is elected he immediately starts cranking out new Deal programs.
- FDR has turned the nation around much faster than OTL. This is because he supported the London Conference, and helped kick start international trade. The agreement reached at the conference lowers the tariff barrier between the great countries to less than ten percent. By the end of the year breadlines have been reduced and most people are not going hungry.
- Although things are bearable in US and Germany (plus satellites) things are still difficult in France, Russia, and Great Britain. These Three nations form the Great Free Alliance. At this point in time Russia is Communist under Stalin while Great Britain is Fascist under Oswald Mosley as well as France. In months they also convince Japan to join. The one stipulation is that Japan will leave India, Burma, Malaya, Australia, and New Zealand alone. The rest of East Asia is fair game. Germany becomes allied with Italy because they see war on the horizon and King Victor Emmanuel III started receiving military and Economic aid from Germany. This increased the prosperity of Italy.
- Japan invades China. All of the major nations denounce this(Although it is only token from the GFA). They soon capture Shanghai and Beijing.
- In November France demands that All territories taken from France after 1870 be returned. When Germany refuses France declares war. Britain, Russia and Japan soon follow suit.
- No military action is taken until January first. Then the French launch a massive three pronged attack in the north through The low countries at Hamburg, in the middle at Frankfurt, and in the south at Munich. The Russians Attack from St. Petersburg and Mariupol seeking to meet at Warsaw and recapture all of the territory it lost in the Great war and more. THe Japanese continue their campaign in China. They also invade Siam, German Indochina and the Dutch East Indies. America Stays Neutral but begins to mobilize their military.
- GFA powers claim great victories. France and Britain claim all of Germany East of the Rhine as well as Belgium and the Netherlands south of the Rhine. Germany had seen a possible invasion coming and had prepared to fall back to the Rhine and blow the bridges. This stopped the British and French from crossing even after many failed efforts. The Germans had put more of their troops in the West as they could not allow a crossing of the Rhine. Thus the Russians had claimed vast swaths of territory in the east. The Front ran from Odessa to Pinsk to Kaunas. They had reclaimed much of their lost territory, although it had become obvious that the Red Army, even though it well outnumbered the Germans, was not as good of quality. Their biggest gains had been in the South where the Germans had employed troops from client states. The one bright spot was the Italians. They had taken the opportunity to invade and consolidate portions of southern France. They held areas from the Swiss border to south of Lyon to West of Marseilles.
- With the Western front stalemated at the Rhine, Britain and France looked to the Colonies for a chance to strike at Germany. They Invade German West Africa from Algeria. they also attack German Guyana.
- Guyana quickly falls however, GFA forces have a rough time in the hostile deserts of German West Africa. The Germans are able to hold the line with minimal troops. They also relocate some troops from the western to the eastern front, as the GFA forces in the west only now pose a small threat. The Russians, with their troops becoming more experienced and better as time goes on continue to advance, but not at their former pace. They take Warsaw in May, and Bucharest in June. In July the Decision is made by the Japanese to go ahead with operation Tsunami. They will simultaneously attack all American possessions in the pacific. They let fall the hammer on July fourth. They invade the Philippines, Guam, Wake Island, and strike at the Pacific fleet at Hawaii. They successfully take the Philippines in a month, Guam falls in Days, as does Wake. The Americans dodge a bullet at Hawaii. Virtually all of the fleet which was there was destroyed, but most of the Pacific fleet had actually been relocated to Seattle and San Diego, fearing an attack from the British.
- The US immediately declare war on Japan and all of the GFA countries. America mobilizes their army and Launch an invasion of Canada. Using the tactics of France and Britain, in a lightning assault, they capture All the mainland south of the St Lawrence (southern Quebec, New Brunswick, Nova Scotia) in weeks. Less attention is given to the war in the west, but they do capture Vancouver. An invasion of British Guyana is launched. It is slow going in the snake-infested jungles. The Germans, as a sign of good faith, send The Americans secrets about nuclear technology, which had been well under way in Germany
- The British begin diverting forces out of the colonial wars and into Canada and Guyana. They successfully take a defensive position in Guyana, but Canada continues to take a beating. They contain the Americans in the East before Hamilton and London. In the west the Americans went after Canada's breadbasket . They captured Winnipeg, Regina, and Calgary. The US realize in order to conquer Canada they must conquer the eastern portion (including Montreal, Quebec, Ottawa) General Patton comes up with a grand scheme to win Canada with one offensive. In order to keep British troops occupied they pick up the pressure on Saskatoon, begin a push in the east aimed at Toronto, and launch an invasion of Prince Edward Island With most of the British and Canadian forces dealing with these problems, Operation Northwoods is launched on May 1st. Patton leads most of America's active military forces on an amphibious assault from Sault Saint Marie into Canada. Their plan is to drive east and capture Quebec, thus encircling all enemy forces in between (the forces defending the area between were estimated to be 1/3 of the forces on the continent). Patton himself leads the charge. He is the first one out of the boat in Canadian territory. Soon there are ten divisions on the other side. American Sherman tanks lead the charge and in the first week capture Sudbury. By June first they are at the gates of Quebec. The Brits dig in and prepare to fight to the last man, but the Americans decide to bypass the city and make sure they pinch off the last small gap between them and the St Lawrence. Once this is done on June tenth they begin the methodical process of eliminating the resistance in the Pocket. On July first the Canadians and Brits surrender. The back of their resistance in America is broken.By the end of the summer the Brits have fallen back to Newfoundland Island. In the west The forces fall back to a defensive line in the Rockies from The pacific, to Edmonton, to Yellowknife, to The Arctic.
- At the same time as all of this was happening in America, things were looking grim in Europe. Italy was kicked back to a defensive line in the Alps. The Russians begin a thrust west from Warsaw, looking to capture Berlin and end the War. In September they crossed into Germany. In October, they reached Berlin. The Russian front now extends from The Black sea, to Bucharest, to Warsaw, east to Berlin and north to the Sea. By the end of the Year the Russians have gained nearly all of the city, although they have sustained heavy losses. A German Counterattack is in the works, as well as an American Invasion.
- The Russians push all remaining Germans back across the Rivers Havel and Spree. Stalin declares this a national holiday in Russia. The Germans have a counterattack in the works. They launch an offensive a week later against a weary opponent. They attack north from Dresden crossing the Elbe and Spree rivers in less than 8 hours. They also launch a naval assault against Gdansk, landing paratroopers all around the city. Soon thousands of troops have landed there and they attack south. The two armies goal is to meet at Poznan. The troops for this operation had been provided because Germany had recalled virtually all colonial forces. As a result British and French forces now controlled all German Territories in Africa. After two weeks the two armies met and encircled hundreds of thousands of Russians in Berlin. It took another month but the Russians finally surrendered. This was a great morale booster for the Germans, and with the Russians in despair, they Consolidated their gains and marched east until the line was stabilized running from Riga, to Brest, To Budapest, to the Adriatic. The Russians begin to face problems in the Balkans and other former German puppet states as Citizens revolt in opposition to the brutal Communist regimes put in place.
- Meanwhile In the Pacific the US Navy had suffered a string of Defeats against the Japanese that cost them many valuable ships and sailors. The Americans enter into secret negotiations with the Japanese. On April seventeenth They signed an armistice with the Japanese which allows the Japanese to keep The Eastern seaboard of China, Manchuria, Korea, all of the Islands they controlled, but that they would not continue to expand militarily. This will allow Japan to be a power for years to come. As a result of this the US moves all forces to the east coast in preparation for operation Lincoln, an invasion of Ireland. This begins on June twelfth. The Irish are highly supportive of the Americans, who they see as liberating them from their British overlord. As a result the British must divert invaluable troops and resources from the summer Rhine Offensive. Americans continue to pour into Ireland and repulse several British attempts to land on the island.
- Meanwhile the French crossed the Rhine and take Stuttgart. The Russians launch an offensive in the South hoping to link up with the French Near Munich. This would be disastrous for the Germans as they would be cut off from their satellites in the south, as well as prevent them from assisting the Italians. The Russians manage to fight a bloody advance and reach the outskirts of Munich by September, but the French, lacking help form the British never get much farther than Stuttgart, and by the fall are fighting to maintain that much of a gain. The Russians, upon hearing this are demoralized and retreat back to Vienna for resupplying and rest. The lines do not change much for the rest of the Year, as the Americans are preparing for operation valley forge, the invasion of Britain.
- As The year starts, things seem uncertain. In Asia, The Nationalists are defeated by the Communists for the control of whats left of inland China. The Japanese have consolidated their hold on their half of the Pacific. America is in equally commanding control of North America. In Europe, America is planning the Invasion of Britain from Ireland. Germany is holding on against Russia and France. In a secret meeting between the Kaiser and Roosevelt they decide their strategy will be to knock out Britain, then France, then Russia. Britain withdraws most of their troops from France in preparation of the coming invasion of the home island.
- The battle of Britain begins with a massive air war which lasts for the first three months of the year, and in the end the RAF is pummeled into submission. The ground invasion starts in May, when the Americans land at Liverpool. After a week long battle they take the port and begin bringing in more troops and supplies. The Americans plan is to have one prong head northeast to the North sea north of Manchester, north of Leeds, and then through Scarborough in order to cut off Scotland. The second prong will head south and cut of Wales going west of Birmingham, through Telford and ending at Bristol. The Brits put up stiff resistance and the Americans cannot breakout and gain room to maneuver. By the end of June they only control the Area from Liverpool to Manchester, to Birmingham, as well as some coastal area. This invasion has had one advantage of taking the heat off of the Germans who have managed to push the French back across the Rhine by July. The Russian front moves back and forward, with neither side gaining much ground. By September the Americans have managed to slowly, bloodily expand their territory in England. By August they control territory from Leeds to Gloucester, and by the end of September they have cut the island of Britain into three parts. As foul weather is about to set in, the Americans decide to "mop up" the cut off areas of Scotland and Wales before trying to attack the industrial center of England, and especially London, where the main strength of the British Army was centered.
- The countries of Denmark, Norway, Sweden, and Finland combined to form the Norse commonwealth in August. This is because they felt threatened by both Russia and Germany.
- The Germans meanwhile had launched a major offensive in July 4th. They had been supplying weapons and secret against to rebels in Romania, Bulgaria, Yugoslavia, Greece and Hungary. A day before the offensive they had these people rose up and begin destroying bridges, ammo and fuel dumps, etc. They struck hard at Vienna, and then followed the Danube into the plains of Hungary. Their new Schleiffen tanks which were highly mobile, and had a 75 mm cannon, ran circles around the Russians. They cut south west, Reaching the Carpathians on the 27th. This was the one place where the Russians could really stop them. But Rebels had secured several mountain passes, and they broke into the Danube delta plain, and by the end of August had reached the Black sea. This cut off a substantial force fo Russians, but not as many as had been hoped for. They had seen the writing on the wall weeks in advance and had evacuated many of their troops from that area. Germany worked to consolidate their gains and install regimes that are to their liking for the rest of the fall, while the Russians tried to figure out how to address this latest loss. After the offensive was finished in the fall the front ran from The Black sea at Constanta in Romania, through L'viv, then north through Brest, and to Riga. The Italians had meanwhile been able to push back into French territory, although at a high cost.
- As World war 2 entered its fifth year, many nations, particularly Germany, Russia, and Britain were becoming exhausted. They had been fighting for five years and had suffered tremendous casualties. America was probably the strongest of the remaining belligerents, as they had only been fighting for three years.. France still had hihg morale, as they had only really fought in the first few months, colonial action, and also across the Rhine. their failed offensive in 1942.
- America began to attack at the heart of Britain, after they had taken care of Wales and Scotland in the winter. They don't concentrate their forces in any one area, preferring a general offensive along the front. Their strategy is to let the main forces flow around stiff areas of resistance, and especially the large cities like Manchester, Birmingham, and Sheffield. Again the Brits put up stiff resistance and General Patton's forces cannot get out in the open and maneuver. Attack after attack grinds down both sides without changing much territory.
- By May, a month after the attack began, French forces begin arriving on the battlefield in order to bolster the British. The number of Americans eventually ground down the defenses, and by July they have moved the front line southward and eastward. Cities like Leeds, Manchester, and Birmingham are all besieged. Not much ground was being gained in the north, but some was being made in the west. The lines ran from Grimsby, just north of Sheffield, then just south of Manchester it turned south through Stoke-On-Trent, East of Birmingham through Coventry, then southwest to Swindon and West to Bristol.
- On the home front the American public was starting to grow discontented with the war because of the high casualties they were suffering and the little gain they were achieving. So at the end of July Patton meets with all of his generals to see if any have an idea of how to end the war quickly because Roosevelt said he would stop American ground operations in Britain in nine months, regardless of whether it was conquered or not. General Bradley proposes a daring action where Americans would throw everything into a push east from Coventry, looking to reach the North Sea and cut off most of the British forces. Patton considers this, but decides against it, because he doesn't think it can be accomplished rapidly enough. Then while deliberations are going on, a message arrives from the Germans, it said that they would be willing to supply the Americans with three atomic bombs. They also said they had 5 they were going use by the end of August.
- Things had been going well enough for the Germans in 1944. They had been able to hold their position in southeast Europe despite Russian attacks. Their front with France was stable, while they provided aid to the Italians who push farther into France. Thus the Germans plan was to launch various attacks at France, while pulling troops from the east and launching a trans-Rhine offensive in conjunction with an Italian offensive, and knock France out of the war. If this failed, the Germans and Americans were certain that such an awesome weapon would at least bring the GFA alliance to the peace table.
- So on August 11, the attack codenamed operation doomsday was launched. The Americans had actually been able to complete their first bomb and so they dropped three bombs on London, and one on the Birmingham pocket. The Germans dropped one on Paris, one on Lyon, one on Marseilles, one on Reims, and one on Amiens. Next the Germans launch an offensive aimed at Paris, while the Italians continue to attack into France. Both achieve success against the stunned French, who have lost most of their government in the attack. The Americans also launch an offensive aimed at the ruins of London. with the British government also obliterated there is much confusion among the British. After a week both countries sue for peace.
- They begin negotiations in Copenhagen. After three more weeks, and agreement is reached. America gains control of all territory in North America. As an act of good faith they cede all of British Guyana to native South Americans. Britain is allowed to control the home isle, but Ireland is given independence. The British keep all of the territory in Africa which allows them their Cairo to Capetown route. They cede Nigeria to Germany. The line between Algeria and German West Africa is restored to Antebellum borders. The Italians gain most of the Horn of Africa, as well as expanding Libya. Germany also gains Madagascar. India is given independence, but Britain keeps Australia and New Zealand. Japan had seized Malaya while the Europeans weren't looking. France lost some territory to Italy and Germany. On the Eastern Front it was decided that the border would be the current front. However, there would be a 20 mile wide demilitarized zone where both the Russia and Germans would administer the territory. This territory would include Riga, Kaunas, L'viv, and Constanta. It was also decided upon that France and Britain would institute western style democracies. Germany also decided to drastically alter their government. The Nation of Germany would be the seat of the European Union. All of the Nations that Germany occupied would be made members. In reality Germany was still in control. Italy was to be made into a more democratic state. Russia remained Communist.
- Roosevelt decides not to run for a fourth term after peace is attained. Dewey is elected president.
- The Japanese test their first Nuclear Weapon in Guam.
- Major insurgency action begins in China. The Japanese struggle to contain it. Mao and Stalin are both secretly funding it.
- Russia tests their first nuclear weapon. They also launch an invasion of Central Asia. This was done to boost Stalin's popularity because WWII was seen as a failure. This was seen as a major threat because it moved Russia's borders very close to strategic middle eastern oil.
- The Ottoman Empire begins talks with the western Nations about an alliance. however, Rivalry shows its head between France, Britain, and Germany. At this point in time The Ottomans controlled of OTL Turkey, Iraq, Jordan, Kuwati, Israel, Syria, and Lebanon. Germany wanted more rights to Ottoman oil, but the ottomans refuse. This is the beginning of a rift between Germany and the rest of the more democratic west.
- A settlement is made between America, France, Britain, and The Ottomans creating the International Defense Association. They all agree that if any one of these nations is attacked, then all of the other members would declare war against the aggressor. Germany declines to join, as does Italy, who still wishes for more land in western Europe. They both begin looking to the east to Japan for a knew ally. A reason that Germany backed off on the oil issue was that they began extracting oil from Africa.
- China, India and Russia formally make an alliance. The Communist nations call it the Delhi pact.
- A global three way cold war has set in.
- Spain, Portugal, Belgium, the Norse Commonwealth, Ireland and Persia join IDA.
- Italy, Germany, Japan, and Arabia found the Eurasian Alliance.
- As world events begin to darken, one spot of hope is the founding of the United Nations. Their world headquarters are located in Sao Paulo. This is because South America is the only continent that had no members involved in an alliance. There is a UN building located in every internationally recognized country. The UN's official purpose is "To promote international cooperation, unity, and peace". The first major action taken by them is the reconstruction resolution. This appropriates money to help rebuild parts of the world that had been destroyed by war with money from those countries which had been relatively untouched. The main givers are The US, Russia, and Japan, and Italy. The main recipients are Britain, China, Germany, and France. Germany, and her puppet states. Although Germany was a "victor" it received reconstruction money because its homeland had been destroyed.
- Dewey is re-elected by a pretty wide majority. This is because he promoted general prosperity at home while was seen as taking a strong stance abroad.
- General economic flourishment begins worldwide. Many historians later claim that this staved off war between the three factions, for a time.
- Communist guerrilla forces begin action in Manchuria, Korea and Southeast Asia. The Japanese are not too adversely affected because their booming economy easily supports the cost of war.
- All the South American nations refuse to even discuss the idea of an pan-american alliance when the US propose a conference to debate it. This is because there was a lot of international business done in South America, and they feared becoming allied with america would stop business from teh Delhi Pact and Eurasian Alliance.
- All three of the Factions detonate an H-bomb. The Americans in February, Japan and Germany in March and Russia in August.
- The UN tries but fails to pass legislation to prevent nuclear proliferation and testing.
- A border incident between Japan and Russia nearly leads to war.
- Dewey is elected to a third term. In his address to the nation, President Dewey promises to lead the nation into peace and prosperity.
- America launches the first satellite, Roosevelt 1. The Joint Russo-Chinese operation follows 2 weeks later.
- Dewey holds a conference with the Kaiser, Tojo, the aging Stalin, and all of the other worlds major leaders. They sign the Buenos Aires pact, which outlaws the use of Chemical and Biological weapons.
- Richard Nixon is elected president. He promises to take a hardline against Communism and Imperialism.
- A terrible incident occurs in Africa. There was a sever outbreak of Smallpox in German Madagascar. The Island was quickly quarantined by the Imperial Navy. 99% of the islands population was wiped out. It soon came to light that the Germany had been carrying out biological weapons experiments. The UN, with the strong support of America, Russia impose strict trade limitations on Germany. The Germans consider going to war, but they, Japan, and Italy decide not to, as they think IDA and the Delhi pact might put aside their differences to handle the Eurasian pact.
- Nixon is re-elected, partly because of the strong stance he took in backing the sanctions against Germany. Germany however has been able to get around the trade sanctions by trading through her Puppets in Eastern Europe.
- All of the main players of the world begin a major arms buildup. This was caused by Kaiser Wilhelm IV's open flaunting of UN trade sanctions.
- Everyone thought that the War would start somewhere in central Europe. They were wrong. It came all over the world. Japan, Germany Italy, and Arabia all launched simultaneous attacks against IDA. This was done because they all decided that they could only win a war if they launched a preemptive strike against IDA or the Delhi pact. The other two factions were much more populous, and thus it was determined that they would any war that dragged on too long.
- Operation Endgame was launched on May 1st. There was no nuclear attack, because it was universally recognized that once nuclear war started, all the major nations would be completely destroyed. The Japanese launched an invasion of Hawaii. The Germans launched an invasion into Belgium and Northern France. They also attacked Denmark of the Norse Commonwealth and the Europe and portion of the Ottoman empire.
- Within 24 hours the Ottomans are kicked out of Europe. Within 72 hours Denmark is completely occupied. In two weeks the combined German Italian invasion of France has pushed the IDA forces back to the Pyrenees. Basically all of France lies in German hands. However, a significant amount of the military was able to evacuate to Spain and vowed to fight on. The Japanese Invasion of Hawaii was a success, and the island chain was quickly conquered. This allowed them to quickly implement operation tsunami. This was the plan for the invasion fo the West coast of America. on June first the largest fleet ever put to sea steamed for the West coast, it broke into three different groups. The first landed Near Guadalajara. Its goal was to drive east, cut Central America off from the main portion, and eventually capture the Panama Canal. This would make the defense of the West coast difficult, because an American Fleet would have to sail around South America. The second task force would land south of LA, and the third landed North of Vancouver. The goal of these two was to advance towards each other, and thus capture the West Coast, and all her major ports. The Japanese also launched an invasion of Australia and New Zealand.
- Meanwhile the Arabians had poured out of the dessert and into Persia and the Ottoman Empire. They were armed with German and Japanese Technology. Thus they captured cast stretches of these two neighboring nations.
- In the fourth month of war, on August 1st, the Germans launched an invasion of Spain. They made landings at Valencia, and Barcelona, their goal was to cut off the main bosy of IDA forces stationed there. They were able to take those two cities, but their drive inland stalled less than halfway to their goal. This was due in large part to the fact that large amounts of re-inforcements had arrived from Portugal and the Norse Commonwealth.
- Meanwhile, Operation tsunami was a success. The Japanese had landed in early June and by July they had succeeded in cutting off southern Mexico and Central America. However, they were not successful in raising new governments, as these people were loyal to the USA. Meanwhile the jaws of Japan's pincer movement were nearly closed. There was only about a fifty mile gap east of San Francisco. America knew that if her forces were cut off in that pocket, it would be a significant blow to their ability to wage war. Finally on July 13th Admiral John McCain Jr. led the American Pacific fleet out of San Francisco bay, and engaged them with the Japanese. At first the Japanese appeared to have attained Victory. They pursued the remaining ships in McCain's flotilla, but this proved to be a mistake, as they soon came within range of land based aircraft and the air force cut them to ribbons. With the Japanese fleet seriously damaged, they had to pull back. Now that The main Japanese fleet had been seriously damaged, supplies began to come in too slowly to sustain the major army on the West Coast.This provided an opportunity for a major counterattack. This counterattack was able to widen the gap between the pincers, although they never broke the Japanese. The American counter attack finally bogged down in mid august. The Japanese forces in the south continued their drive on the Panama Canal.
- The Germans had been able to slog their way north and had finally come within 25 miles of the north coast of Spain. This was because they had moved almost all forces away from their border with Russia, and Italy had stepped up their attack on the Pyrenees. However, bad weather sets in, as it is now November. The lines don't move much for the rest of the year.
- The Americans had also been able to stop the Japanese in Nicaragua, short of the Panama canal
- Nixon holds a conference between all the IDA members In December to determine strategy. It is decided that the American Front will receive less attention than the European War. The US will start sending significant amounts of soldiers overseas because the Japanese seem to have little chance of conquering all of the North American continent, but the Germans and Italians could easily conquer all of continental Europe.
- The Eurasian Alliance countries decide to continue on the same course.
- Both sides are planning and preparing new offensives. The Eurasian alliance is able to strike first in March.
- German and Italian forces break out of their lines and finally reached the sea. This cut off most of the European IDA forces that were preparing for the major offensive. Because of this, German forces were able to quickly move west, and captured Madrid by march fifteenth. By the twentieth they had taken Lisbon. Soon there was a massive evacuation of IDA forces from Donostia as the EA tightened the noose. Thus they gained control of Spain and Portugal in just a few weeks . Now all of Europe except Scandinavia, Ireland and the UK is under EA control. Luckily most of the American forces which were promised to the European countries were still being prepped in Britain.
- The Japanese decided to launch an attack that would strike into the American heartland. Thus they set out from Tampico on March 2nd and drove northward at a blistering pace. The Americans were shocked and ill prepared. This was because they had expected the attack to come near San Francisco. By march 26th they had reached Houston. The battle of Houston lasted for 5 weeks. During this time the once proud city was pounded into smithereens as both sides use huge amounts of artillery and air power to try to dislodge the other. This long battle has however given the Americans time ot gather their forces for a counter attack.
- On April 30th the Americans launch a massive counterattack from Monterrey. Their goal is Acapulco on the west coast. They plan to then turn back east and cut off the Japanese army from further re-inforcement by land. The Americans make good progress at first, but then it slowed as the Japanese realized what was happening. The Japanese had to fall back from Houston in order to stop the American thrust. By the beginning of June the front had stabilized with the Americans near Queretaro, and the Japanese had gained very little for the price they had paid. One bright spot was that the Japanese had been able to conquer all of Australia.
- Meanwhile in Europe The Germans had been pounding the British mercilessly. It seemed an invasion would come, but first the Germans would have to gain air superiority. For all of the summer Britain, and to a lesser extent Ireland and Scandinavia were bombarded. The Germans were beginning to gain a slight edge. However with winter closing in, and the Channel so choppy, it looked like plans of an invasion would have to be forestalled.
- In America the US continued to grind down the Japanese. Finally the Americans decided on a daring strategy. Because the Japanese were watching the Panama Canal so closely They would send an immense fleet around the north side of Canada and attack Hawaii from the northwest while the fleet in San Francisco made a diversionary attack. On July 12th Admiral McCain set out from Boston. In a harrowing journey he reached the Pacific by the 27th. Then the Pacific fleet set out. Soon the Japanese command dispatched a large fleet to deal with them. On August 7th They fought a battle that was decisively won by the Japanese, and the remnants of the American fleet returned to San Francisco. however one day later the Other American fleet surprised the Japanese with a landing on all of the Hawaiian islands. This made resupplying the Japanese forces all that much harder. Soon the Japanese would be facing even bigger problems.
- Meanwhile the Germans diverted significant ground forces to an attack on Asia Minor. Within a month they had helped the Arabians finish off the remnants of the Ottomans and Persians. This helped Germany's oil situation significantly.
- The US launched a late fall offensive when on November 4th they resume a spirited offense on all Japanese positions. The Japanese put up spirited defense, but the Commanders soon realize that with supplies so disrupted, they may have to hold out a lond time for relief. Soon elaborate defenses are started all over North America. Vancouver, Seattle, Portland, LA, San Diego, Mexico City, Guadalajara, and the Entire Baja peninsula are fortified with local slave labor.
- In late December Nixon meets with Harold Wilson of England, Charles De Gaulle of France, and Tage Erlander of the Norse commonwealth. They debate what to do for the next year. It is evident that the Americans could be able to drive the Japanese out of America, but that without help from America, Britain, and maybe Ireland and the Norse commonwealth would fall also. It was decided that the Americans would be able to launch an attack earlier than the Germans would be able to invade England. Thus they would go for a quick knockout blow against the Japanese and then transfer forces to Britain to deal with the Germans.
- The Americans launched a massive offensive from all places on February 27th. They quickly pushed the Japanese back for the first week, but then the Japanese started to slow them severely. They reached Guaymas on the 7th of March and cut the Mexican forces into three parts. They continuously pushed the three pockets back. The US Navy also was able to prevent the Japanese from adequately supplying their forces, or evacuating them all. Finally, after three months, the Japanese decided that it was too costly to try to break the American stranglehold, and abandoned their remaining forces. Thus by mid may, the Japanese were no longer able to stand against the Americans in open territory, and they were mostly forced back into their extremely complex defensive structures. By this time, The Americans were already diverting half of their total power to Europe.
- The air war in Europe had continued all winter. By the time the Americans were able to divert significant forces to Britain the RAF was on its last legs. However American air power was able to keep planes in the air, although the Germans still had the upper hand. Thus on May 23rd the Germans launched the largest seaborne invasion in history. Three different armies of veterans from the continental battles containing 80,000 men each landed in three different locations. The first, Army Group Alpha landed near Brighton, the second, Beta, landed near Ipswich. They had the goal of surrounding and taking London. The third group, Gamma, landed near Bournemouth. This group landed three days later. This was done because they wanted to draw most of the British forces to the first two beaches, and then land this third group and quickly drive north. The landings were a success, especially the third. Soon an anomalous mid May storm slowed down the process of all three groups, but in two weeks the first two groups were at the gates of London. The third had already taken Bristol.
- The Americans had a dilemma. They could try to re-inforce Britain. However they were certain that they would at best take heavy casualties, and at worst lose the entire body if the Germans took the whole island quickly. They could take time and re-inforce Ireland and Scandinavia, which was the safe play, although losing the the whole of Britain might be a blow which IDA would not be able to recover from. It was decided that America would stop offensive action against the Japanese, who were isolated in just a few pockets. They would devote 95% of their power to keeping Britain in the game. American forces were there in force by the time of the battle of London.
- The battle of London was the largest land battle in history. The Germans, with limited Italian support had nearly 1,200,000 men dedicated to just the attack on the city. Another million were in Britain. Opposing them were 850,000 British, with 500,000 Americans, and about 100,000 Norse. The City was pounded by German air power. On the tenth of June German forces entered London proper. Alpha entered near Croydon, and Beta near Havering. Soon the Germans realize it is idiotic to drive right through the city because they will bog down in urban warfare. So the Germans pulled back and tried to surround the City and pound it into submission. IDA is determined to hold a land route into the city. Thus some of the greatest open field battles take place in the fields around London. Thousands of tanks and planes and tens of thousands of soldiers met at the battles of Chestnut, Shenley, Watford, Slough, Woking, and Wilmington. After seven days the only routes in and out of the city are along the Thames in the east and west. The Germans decide that it would be best if they cleaned up all the resistance south and east of London. This took about on week, but by the end the Germans controlled all of the English Coast from Ipswich to Weymouth. They controlled the land north to London and to the north of Bristol. Now the only route into London came from a 25 mile wid gap along the Thames. The Germans momentary halt had allowed them to fortify this area.
- Now the Germans returned to cutting off London. Their repeated assaults on London's lifeline gained almost no ground, and cost heavy casualties. This was due in part to the IDA deploying large numbers if antitank rockets, and the slight edge in aerial superiority which IDA gained at the end of June. Soon however the determination of the Germans began to drive back the British. The Germans driving from the North Actually reached the Thames south of Slough. The Germans driving from the south came within three miles of the Thames but were turned back at the battle for Windsor Great Park. This was to be the defining moment of the battle for London. The defenders of the Royal Lincolnshire Regiment held on until re-inforcements arrived, thus preventing the "Ring of Death" from forming.
- Slowly the Americans drove the Germans back until the gap was once again considered safe. The battle continued on as German forces began to also push into the city, as it had been discouraged from trying to surround the city. Soon this all broke down into the bloody affair of urban Warfare. Both sides sustained high casualties. The Germans did continue to advance. But with German pressure lessened around the city, less forces were actually necessary for the defense of London Proper. Thus the Americans and British began to plan a large offensive. They were going to push south from Reading and capture Portsmouth, then they would push east along the coast. Meanwhile there will be another push south from Cambridge. Both forces will meet at Hastings. This would cut off the third group of Germans. The Americans and British spent most of July preparing for the offensive. Meanwhile urban warfare dragged on in London. The Germans did have success pushing the British back by using primitive precision guided munitions to clear stubborn pockets of resistance. However the area of London was massive and so the fighting dragged on.
- The third German Army group started a lightning assault on the counties of Devon and Cornwall in Late July. Soon the situation was dire, but the commanders could not send re-inforcements. Thus most of the force in this area was evacuated from Plymouth. However, there were three divisions, or about 12,000 men left behind because the Germans fell upon them faster than anticipated. These men retreated in disorder down the peninsula. Finally they held the line across the peninsula at Penzance. They held out for three days. Then the Germans smashed through them, too. Finally the remaining 500 survivors were pushed back to Land's End. There they were given the opportunity to surrender, but they refused. On the morning of July 17th the Germans began an artillery bombardment. followed by an infantry assault. While the Germans moved across the plane they could hear the English singing God Save the Queen. They were inevitably Annihilated, but their bravery served as an inspiration for their fellow countrymen.
- Operation William was launched on August third. This was the major offensive IDA had been planning for months. A massive armored spearhead with over 10,000 tanks had been camouflaged in the fields around Reading. They broke through the EA lines which were held in that area by some Italian and Romanian forces. They received massive air support from both fighter bombers like the F-105 Thunderchief, and strategic bombers like the b-52. In four days they had reached Portsmouth. Now they started their drive to the east.
- It is of note that by this time the Japanese had been completely removed from North America.
- Meanwhile the German command were panicked by the sudden strike by IDA. They soon managed to halt them before they reached Brighton. This was due in part to German air power being redirected to the immediate London Area. Because of the sudden halting of the first prong. The prong that was going to attack the port of Ipswich was redirected for the "plan B" of the British offensive. They then attacked the third German Army in the west of England. They didn't advance as fast the Germans did a few weeks earlier but it was speedy. In Weeks they reached Exeter, and also cut off a pocket of Germans around Bristol. The US navy blockaded this port preventing an evacuation. Thus they were snuffed out by mid September. The Germans on the peninsula were also driven back, and eventually formed a secure perimeter around Plymouth from which they were evacuated back to France. With this IDA began pushing more and more on the German pocket. By mid October the Germans had been pushed back to the Suburbs of Britain. By November they were out of London all together and falling back fast. By the end of the month the original Ipswich landing force was pushed back to a small pocket with a radius of about 20 miles out from the city. In the south The Germans were pushed back to an area that stretched from Gillingham to Crawley to Worthing. The Germans hung tenaciously to this land, and spilled much blood to protect it. Finally the German high command decided to cut their losses and save the cream of their armed forces by withdrawing from Britain. This was completed before Christmas.
- Thus ended the Battle for Britain. The largest reason for the German defeat was the vast amount of men and material America had contributed. By 1963 American Industry was at nearly full war capacity(The only problem being that most of Los Angeles, San Francisco, and Mexico City had been leveled to root out the Japanese). This battle hurt Germany severely. They had lost vast amounts of men, material, prestige and morale. Still as 1963 drew to a close EA held all of Europe minus Russia, most of the Middle East, and the most of the Pacific.
- Strategy was again discussed at a meeting of IDA and EA (as well as the Delhi pact). IDA decided to concentrate on Defeating Japan first. It was perceived that Germany would be the more difficult target to attack. American forces were left behind in Britain, Ireland, and Scandinavia. Most were moved to the west coast in preparation for an attack early next year on the Japanese.
- The EA decided to move to a defensive stance and possibly sue for peace, because they thought that the industrial plant of all North America and Britain would eventually crush them.
- The Delhi Pact Nations decided that any possible offensive action would be postponed until they were completely sure that the victory would be easy. Their largest goal was to quickly capture the middle east and its valuable oil.
- The Americans launched an enormous offensive in February. After a carrier battle and a costly landing they took back Midway. They also began offensive action in the Aleutians.
- In April the Americans took Wake Island. They also took back all of the Aleutians. Now the Americans began preparing for an invasion of Sakhalin Island. This would be used as one base of operations against the Japanese home islands.
- However the Japanese still had plenty of fight left in them. So when the Americans started that invasion they were driven back into the sea after three days. Their second attempt secured them a foothold, but the Japanese fought so desperately that by the end of June they still only controlled the Northern third of the Island. The Japanese navy still had the force in this part of the Pacific to resupply the Japanese by sea, the the Air Force, while less powerful than the Americans, still was able to significantly hamper American forces. The Americans did succeed in taking Guam.
- Finally the Americans take all of Sakhalin Island at the end of August, but at a huge cost. They lost nearly 100,000 casualties.
- The Americans also succeeded in taking Iwo Jima. This was done with significantly less casualties than OTL because the Japanese were trying to hold off the Americans on Sakhalin.
- All this time there was what was known as the great pause in Europe. There wasn't enough strength on the British side, or enough courage on the German side to attempt any sort of Invasion. There were a few raids by both, where they would land, pillage a town, and then retreat, but nothing involving more than a few hundred men. Russia decided they would wait until Germany was again embroiled in land conflict before any attack was made. This was because they still had memories of the Great defeats the Germans had given them in World War 2. The Germans did start to send more troops into the Middle East, and also the the far east to help prevent and rebellion in China, or conquered Persia, and the Ottoman Empire.
- As things moved towards fall in the Pacific preparations were being made for the Invasion of the Japanese home islands. The Americans knew that the fastest way to kill Japan was to chop off her head. Thus their whole years work had been to put them in position to conquer the home islands. Massive force buildups were taking place in Sakhalin and in Guam and Iwo Jima. In August, the Americans fought relentlessly to try to pound the Japanese Air Force into oblivion. They also fought the battle of the south China Sea, where two Carrier Fleets met in a large battle, where the Japanese barely won, and both sides suffered heavy losses.
- Nixon is reelected.
- The Americans and Japanese continued to slug it out in the air and at sea for the rest of the year. The Americans began preparing for an invasion of Japan that would begin in the Spring.
- The American invasion of Japan begins on February 17th. Americans land near Hitachi and Choshi. In two weeks they have joined together the two beachheads. By the End of April the situation is grim for Japan. They are unable to consistently hold ground, and it obvious Defeat is becoming inevitable. The Japanese Air Force is no longer an effective fighting force, and the Navy has been consigned to sitting in port for fear of being completely obliterated. By May, Tokyo is surrounded on land, and blockaded at sea. The Americans make a demand for the Japanese to surrender. They refuse.
- Now Nixon authorizes the largest bombing operation in history. Bombers take off from bases on Sakhalin, Iwo Jima, Guam, and many Aircraft carriers. They reach Tokyo around 3:30 central time. First several flights of F-4's dropped Chaff, neutralizing enemy SAM's. Then more F-4's flew low over the older wooden districts and dropped napalm, incinerating these areas. Finally B-25's dropped immense tonnage on the urban and industrial areas of the city. This was repeated once every 18 hours for a week. At the end of the week there was still a large amount of resistance when American forces moved in they experienced only moderate resistance. Most of the Japanese defenders had either been killed or surrendered.
- Now there was some panic among the Japanese command. How could order be maintained with their capital destroyed and occupied. The Japanese moved their capital to Kyoto. There was an uptick in rebellion in overseas territory. Now the Japanese began to recall many troops from overseas areas, and began preparing for one last offensive.
- The Americans continued to push across Honshu. They achieved a great tactical victory and broke through Japanese defensive lines ot the North. By July they had reached Niigata and cut the Island in half. The Americans also made landings on Hokkaido, and Kyushu. Australia and New Zealand revolted and overthrew their Japanese oppressors. By the End of August the Americans had gained control of the entire northern part of Honshu and had gained ground on the other island.
- Now American intelligence made a startling discovery. Chinese and Soviet forces were massing on the Japanese border, apparently poised for invasion in weeks if not days. Now the Americans realized that they had to quickly redeploy forces if they did not wan all of Asia under Communist control. Re-inforcements were diverted to a quick attack on the Korean Peninsula near Inchon, an Invasion near Hong Kong, Shanghai, and Singapore. There was little resistance as most Japanese forces were fighting on the home islands. Now the Communists realized that the jig was up. They launched a massive offensive sweeping through all of East Asia. Soon these two victorious forces meet up, and luckily there is no major outbreak of violence between them
- The Japanese took advantage of this distraction to launch an offensive. They drove deep into American lines and took back much territory. However, because the American forces on the Mainland were really no longer needed, they were soon recalled and took back the territory. Finally in October with all of the Other Japanese islands, and the Japanese forces pushed back to the southern portion of Honshu, The Emperor accepted American demands of Unconditional surrender on October 12th. The Emperor remained in only a ceremonial position. He broadcasted a radio message declaring the surrender, and asking all Japanese citizens to cease hostility towards the Americans. This greatly reduced any threat of guerrilla warfare. Now the war in the pacific was over attention turned to Europe.
- The Germans entered the demilitarized and launched an invasion of Russia two days later. Germans attacked from the East. Italian and Arabian forces attacked through the Caucuses. this caught the Russians by surprise, as they never thought the Germans so gutsy. In a week they have seized Tallinn, Minsk, Kiev, and Odessa. The Arabians and Italians also entered The Caucuses.
- Russia soon rushed most of its Eastern forces to the west, but the Germans had had over a year to rebuild their army from the invasion fo England, and thus were able to continue their advance.
- By November The Germans had taken Leningrad, and were nearing Moscow and Stalingrad. Now Chinese units were starting to show up on the battlefield. The Russian winter did slow the German Advance.
- The tide of battle turned when the Russians gained back the initiative. The Americans and British launched an invasion of France in April, and now the Germans knew they were doomed.
- Also the Indians and Russians launched an invasion in the Middle East.
- By June Paris was in allied hands, as was Kiev. Uprisings occurred all over France and Spain.
- In July the Americans had regained most of France, The Russians had advanced into Poland and Romania.
- In September Italy surrendered to the Allies.
- In October Germany Surrendered. It was partitioned into many smaller states.
- In the peace treaty China, India, Russia, and America all gained territory in East Asia. All the former IDA nations in Europe were restored. India and Russia controlled former Persia, while the Ottoman Republic was set up in the Mediterranean portion. The Arabian Republic joined IDA. All of the African colonies were given self determination. Many soon broke up into smaller nations. Most were more friendly to the West. Italy also joined IDA, fearing the strength of the Soviet Union. Eastern Europe and the Balkans become part of the Soviet Union. IDA becomes more closely knit. The new nation of Indonesia also joined IDA along with the Oceanic republic which compromised Australia, New Zealand, and New Guinea.
- In This new world order Africa descended into many constantly changing nations who changed allegiances to the two main power blocs almost Daily. South America was still mostly independent allowing for much international business to be done there. China was annoyed by the fact that Hong Kong was part of the British Commonwealth and Shanghai, Korea, and Japan were American protectorates.
- Despite protests from Russia, the German states somewhat reformed into the Confederation of Germany, which was in IDA. Tensions were high between the two factions, although not as high as before the war. This was much due to the fact that both Factions were exhausted from war, and working to incorporate new territories.
- The Americans develop plans to land on the moon by 1972, as their space program was suspended during the war.
- RFK is elected president.
- A Communist revolution occurs in Arabia. They soon join the Delhi pact. The remaining capitalist forces flee to Bahrain.
- The US and IDA begin funding various leaders in Africa, hoping to gain meaningful allies on that continent. The Soviets and Chinese start doing the same.
- The Philippines are admitted as a state.
- Taiwan is admitted as a states.
- A war breaks out in Africa between the two factions backed by the Communists and IDA.
- The UN mediates a peace within a few months, because both factions feared a full scale war breaking out.
- Many Communists are being persecuted by Senator Richard Nixon.
- Anti discrimination legislation is passed by RFK.
- The Soviet Union and China begin persecuting Western Ideas in their countries.
- Another conflict breaks out in Africa. This time after ten months of fighting several of the nations are unified into regional powers, namely the Union of South Africa, Ethiopian Empire, Nigerian Republic, and the North African Union.
- America reaches the moon.
- Japan, Korea, and Shanghai are admitted as States.
- When America finds out that the big three Communist countries helped promote the Communist revolution in Arabia, they start a trade embargo against them. The other IDA nations follow suit.
- With the world becoming increasingly divided, the US sends supplies and "advisors" to help Columbia attack Venezuela, and Brazil and Chile to invade Argentina.
- Jose Lopez Portillo is elected president.
- Both of the US funded invasions fail. This is seen as a black eye for the US. The Soviets send aid to Venezuela and Argentina, drawing them into the Communist fold.
- America establishes a lunar base.
- In South America, the battle lines are officially drawn. Venezuela, Ecuador Argentina join the Delhi pact. Chile, Brazil, Peru, and Columbia join IDA. By the end of the year Bolivia, Paraguay and Uruguay join IDA as well.
- The North African Union and Nigerian Republic wage a brief but bloody war. It ends after five months when Lagos is wiped off the map in an atomic strike by the NAU. After this all the major powers step in and force peace. It would later be found out that the Soviet Union had supplied them with the bomb, but had told them not to use it without their consent. This brief war draws the battle lines in Africa more dramatically, with Nigeria and South Africa becoming more pro west, and North Africa and Ethiopia becoming more Communist.
- President Portillo is re-elected.
- In a meeting between the military leaders of the two factions strategy is updated and revised with the new powerful African Nations. IDA's grand strategy for total war against the Communists involves an invasion of Siberia through Alaska, and invasion of China from Korea and Shanghai. The Australians and Indonesians will invade India. European IDa will attack into southeast Europe and link up with the Ottomans. When the Europeans reach the Bosphorus they and the Ottomans will invade the Caucuses and Arabia. An invasion will also be launched across the Strait of Gibraltar at the NAU. Nigeria and South Africa will both invade Ethiopia. Americans will also divert forces to south America to try to conquer their enemies there.
- The Communists main goal is to first gain control of the Asia, Europe, Africa, and Australia. The Soviet Armies will be divided into three parts. 50% will invade western Europe, 25% will invade the Ottoman Empire. 25% will hold the defensive in Siberia against a possible American invasion. China and India will be charged with first conquering Korea, Shanghai, Hong Kong, and Japan. Then they will move onto Indonesia, and finally Australia. Once all of this is achieved they will divert their forces to help conquer Africa.
- These were the battle plans for war, should it come.
- For the next few years the world experienced great prosperity. Both blocs were spending immense sums on their military and all these contracts helped both economies greatly.
- George H.W. Bush is elected president.
- The cold war begins to thaw as Bush, Thatcher, Chirac, Gorbachev, Dong Biwu, and Giani Singh meet for arms limitations talks. After two weeks they all agree to and sign SALT. Among other things the Communists get the Southern half of the moon, the West gets the northern half.
- The Ottoman Empire recognizes limited Autonomy for the Jewish area in Palestine.
- Bush is re-elected.
- Another war breaks out between North Africa and Nigeria. Meanwhile, the Ottoman Empire moves into Egypt and capture the Nile Valley.
- The war ends after seven months.
- Bob Dole is elected President.
- America lands on Mars.
- Dole is re-elected.
- A celestial arms race begins as Both blocs moon bases now number over 25,000 people. Both powers have started putting nuclear weapons on the moon. Most are meant to be launched at Earth, and only a few are meant to be used on their lunar neighbors. The American Mars base now numbers 10,000 men. It has a few nuclear weapons at its disposal.
- Gorbachev suffers a heart attack. Putin becomes leader of the Soviet Union.
- An attempted coupe in Arabia is put down brutally with the help of India.
- Al Gore is elected president.
- America annexes Columbia in January. Later on they annex Brazil, Peru, Bolivia, Uruguay, Chile, and Paraguay. Although there was some adverse reactions internationally, the countries which were annexed were pretty much happy to join the USA, because it was the richest nation in the world, and there was already a significant Latin American population in the USA.
- A high ranking politician defects from the Soviet Union. He reveals that they and China had been systematically slaughtering people with pro western stances over the past eighty years, and that they continued to do so.This caused outrage throughout the Western world and heightened tensions that had been raised with American annexation of the South American nations. America and IDA start a complete boycott of Communist goods. This bodes ill, especially for china, whose economy depends mostly on cheap experts to Europe and America.
- In August, in response to the boycott The Soviets and Indians begin a blockade against the ottoman's. This is a crisis for the US and Europe as this is their largest source of oil. A showdown begins when an American carrier task force is sent to the Persian Gulf from Australia. They are on a mission to escort three tankers to America.
- On August 23rd they encounter a Soviet Destroyer. After ignoring several demands to turn away, The Soviets fire on the Americans. The carrier task force quickly sinks the Soviets, but not before they radioed a message to several land bases. Soon fighter squadrons from Arabia and India are scrambled and intercept the Carrier group. Several of the Ships are sunk, and the remaining ships pull pack.
- August 24th. The Ottoman Republic is extremely worried. They are completely cut off and surrounded. They declare war on India, Arabia, and the Soviet Union. Over the last 40 years the Ottomans had become one of the most militarized nations ever. They always had the largest standing army in the world, and they also had a highly refined plan for quick mobilization.
- Within a few minutes of the declaration of war the Ottomans had poured across their borders with India, Arabia, and Russia. Moscow, Riyadh, and New Delhi were totally unprepared for this quick of an attack. they had moved forces to the border with the Ottomans, but these meager forces were ill prepared for the onslaught that the ottomans reigned down upon them.
- By August 27th the Ottomans had reached Tehran, they had captured Mecca and Riyadh, and had driven through the Caucuses to the Caspian sea.
- August 28th. The Americans, and the European powers declare war on all of their enemies. War is also declared on the South American Communists and African Communists. World war 4 has begun.
- Operation Incan Fury is launched in the Americas. Because of the annexation of the other South American nations the US was in a much better position for an invasion of Ecuador, Venezuela, and Argentina. US tanks quickly roll across the borders, and US bombers pound enemy logistics. Us forces also landed at the key ports of the enemy nations. In three days the field armies of all three South American nations were routed. By September 7th Ecuador had surrendered. On September 9th Venezuela capitulated. Argentina held out until September 21st.
- In the old world things did not go well for IDA powers. The Ottoman Republic, after achieving initial successes was forced back out of India. The Soviets began to push the Ottomans out of the Caucuses. The Ottomans did have success in Arabia, where they had completed the conquest by October.
- In Europe the Soviets launched an ungodly assault on the west. The main part fo the thrust came through Germany. Quickly they captured Berlin. They captured Nuremburg. However, they took high casualties, and they were slowed down after a week because of ammunition shortages. This allowed the Western powers to set up a solid defense that kept the soviets out of Hamburg, Hanover, Frankfurt, and Munich. In Scandinavia the Soviets were slowed down by bad weather which flooded much of eastern Scandinavia.
- In the Far east China unleashed its massive population on the western Holdings. They took Hong Kong in three days. Shanghai fell in two weeks. The Koreans were heavily re-inforced by the Japanese and inflicted huge casualties on the Chinese as they fell back down the Peninsula. They held the Chinese for weeks outside on Pyongyang. They also held the line outside of Seoul. By October most of the Korean army had been evacuated to Japan and China controlled the Peninsula. A Join Soviet-Chinese operation captured Sakhalin Island.
- India quickly captured all of the Malay peninsula.
- By mid October American forces were beginning to Arrive in Europe, Japan, Indonesia, Australia, and the Philippines. The joint chiefs of staff decided on a new strategy. They would focus most of their energy on Europe. In the Pacific they would allow the Communists to attack and hopefully bleed them white by holding control of the Air and Sea.
- In November weather was too inclement for any ocean operations so most action was confined to the Middle east, Africa, and Europe. An offensive by the Americans in Europe retook Nuremberg in December. In the Middle East the Ottomans were pushed back. They were unable to get much aid from the west.
- In the middle east the Ottomans lose Baghdad. In Europe the Soviets push all the way to Frankfurt by February. Things are quickly developing into a stalemate, similar to WWI. This is because of the high prevalence of anti tank, anti air weapons on the battlefield. With the war in Europe appearing to be a stalemate, The Soviets, China and India begin preparations to invade the Pacific Basin. The Soviets Invade Japan in March, China invades Taiwan and the Philippines in April, and India invades Sumatra and Borneo in April.
- The Soviets suffer heavy casualties but slowly advance across Hokkaido and Honshu. By July they had conquered both of these islands. Now they began an invasion on Kyushu and Shikoku. At this point the Americans picked up their Air and sea attacks, thus discombobulating the Soviets attack and forcing them back. In September they made another attack and This time with overwhelming force. The American and Japanese forces successfully withdraw to Alaska.
- The Chinese invasion of Taiwan went poorly for the Chinese. They lost an extraordinary amount of soldiers. They decided to postpone an invasion of the Philippines.
- The Indian Invasion of Borneo and Sumatra was another situation where the Americans were able to steadily pull back while inflicting heavy casualties. They also made arrangements for a guerrilla insurgency.
- By September the Americans had lost ground in the Pacific, but had struck at the Delhi pacts greatest strength, their overwhelming numerical superiority. The Delhi Pact powers had suffered about 5:1 casualty ratio that year. The Americans still retained a mild superiority at air and at sea, thus making themselves feel relatively secure.
- In Europe the lines do not change much. Both sides are smart enough not to send their men to slaughter in an attack. In Scandinavia the Soviets advance and occupy most of it with only a small pocket containing Oslo and Stockholm left.
- In October India and China launch an invasion of Australia. The US, Australia and New Zealand decide that they have to stop Communist Expansion here. First they let large number of soldiers come to shore near Darwin. Then a week later they started to severely hamper supply efforts with aircraft out of Northern Australia, Java and Celebes. By November the ground forces had stopped their advance because they were running low on every possible supply. In early December a massive counteroffensive was launched by the US and Australia in two weeks they had been pushed back to Darwin. The citizens of Darwin celebrated Christmas free.
- By Christmas the Ottomans had been forced out of Asia Minor by the Russians. Both the Russians and the Europeans continue debate about how to break the stalemate.
- The Russians start the year off right by capturing the rest of Scandinavia.
- Over the last few years the Powers in Africa had fought back and forth, with the ones backed by the US having a slight upper hand.
- An enormous sea battle begins when a combined American-British-French convoy headed for the Ottomans is ambushed. They survive, but only after taking heavy casualties. This prompts the Americans to take some of their Indian ocean fleet and re-station it in The Mediterranean.
- The Americans undertake a project to resupply the Ottomans by land. They deploy troops to Nigeria to help open an overland route from Lagos to Ottoman controlled Egypt. The Ottomans were in trouble. They had lost Istanbul, and only held on to Palestine, Syria, western Mesopotamia, Egypt and Arabia.
- In February the Americans, Australians and New Zealanders started drawing up plans for an invasion of Borneo. They launched the Saint Valentine's Day invasion on the 14th. It was a huge success as the locals rose in resistance, and the Americans successfully kept the Indian Navy from interfering. By the end of the month they had neutralized most pockets of Indian resistance.