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|American Civil War|
|United States|| Confederate States|
The American Civil War (1861–1865), often referred to as The Civil War in the United States, was a civil war fought over the secession of the Confederate States. In response to the election of an anti-slavery Republican as President, 10 southern slave states declared their secession from the United States and formed the Confederate States of America ("the Confederacy"); the other 23 states and 2 territories supported the federal government ("the Union"). After four years of warfare, mostly within the Southern states, the Confederacy surrendered and slavery was outlawed everywhere in the nation.
Course of the war