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American Civil War
Date April 12, 1861 – July 20, 1863
Location Southern United States, Northeastern United States, Western United States, Atlantic Ocean
Result Union victory
US flag 33 stars United States Flag of the Confederate States of America (1861-1863) Confederate States
Commanders and leaders
US flag 33 stars Abrahamn Lincoln
US flag 33 stars Ulysses S. Grant
US flag 33 stars George G. Meade
Flag of the Confederate States of America (1861-1863) Jefferson Davis
Flag of the Confederate States of America (1861-1863) Robert E. Lee
Flag of the Confederate States of America (1861-1863) Stockwall Jackson

The American Civil War (1861-1863), often referred to as The Civil War in the United States, was a civil war fought from 1861 to 1863 to determine the survival of the Union or independence for the Confederacy. Among the 34 states in January 1861, seven Southern slave states individually declared their secession from the United States and formed the Confederate States of America. Following the Confederacy's attack on Fort Sumter, four more southern states succeeded from the Union to join the Confederacy.