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Formation of the Dominion
The large number of British settlers in the colony worried the Russians when the Crimean War broke out, so a small amount of troops were sent to keep order and secure the borders. No such rebellions did occur, and the borders were actually expanded eastward. Following the war, Russia hope to sell the colony to the United States and Great Britain, but both nations refused to buy the land. Thanks to massive American and Canadian immigration, the nation now had about 90,000 citizens. The colony decided to create their own nation, which Emperor Alexander II of Russia, who had always believed the colonoy couldn't be profitable, allowed. On June 27, 1870 the Dominion of Alyeska was created. Although Alexander II was still its monarch, the colony was self-governed and led by Prime Minister Dmitry Petrovich Maksutov.
Gold Rush and IndustrializationGold was discovered in Yukon Territory in 1892, thus beginning the "The Last Great Gold Rush".Over a hundred thousand hopeful prospectors to the northern nation. The nation's wealth grew as many of these new settlers would never return home. Those who could not find gold were employed to build infrastructure. Hundreds of new factories, buildings, and mines were built during this time, while railroads and telegrams connected the various coastal cities and trading posts connected the interior.
Alyeska became on of the most diverse nations on the planet as thousands from Latin America, Europe, and Asia flocked to it. Many of these new immigrants would find jobs in the newly-constructed factories built in Sitka and Anchorage. All of this industry led to the rise big names like Jefferson "Soapy" Smith, who had a monopoly over steel in the nation. Later Prime Ministers would attempt to break up monopolies but big business still held power over the workers, who attempted to form unions, though few would be successful.The discovery of gold led to border disputes between Canada and Alyeska over Yukon Territory, in addition to the dispute over the islands in the Pacific Northwest. The Treaty of Salem gave a compromise that Vancouver Island would belong to Canada, while the remaining northern islands would be Alyeskan. This left neither side happy. The dispute and fear of British involvement led to Alyeska joined the Allied Coalition in 1899, which included America and Quebec.
World War I and the Roaring Twenties
World War I began in 1913 with the escalation of war in the Balkans. The chain of alliances led to war in the New World. The Pacific Northwest Front featured Alaskan attempts to capture the major Canadian cities of Seattle and Salem. This front would be among the bloodiest of the war, with Alyeskan and Canadian troops caught in fierce trench warfare between the coast and the Cascade Mountains. The massive Battle of Snoqualmie River would be one of Alyeska's greatest triumphs, as they trapped a major Canadian force between their troops and the river, with Alyeskan troops securing several more important bridges. The Siege of Seattle would last for the majority of 1917, until the city finally capitulated as winter approached. The 1918 offensive was defeated by Californian reinforcements sent north. The soldiers would remain in the disease-ridden trenches until in 1919, the North American London Pact surrendered. Since Canada belonged the victorious Britain in Europe, the Treaty of Portsmouth left them alone. Reluctantly, Alyeskan troops left the city they fought so hard to secure.
However, the general mood in Alyeska was positive, due to the triumphant victory at Seattle in the war. The Roaring Twenties resulted in an Alyeskan economic boom. European immigrants from Scandinavia fueled the large fishing, copper, logging industries.
Great Depression and World War II
The Great Depression of the 1930s brought Alyeska to its knees. The price of fishing and copper dramatically declined, and much of the population suffered from unemployment. There were attempts to settle the valleys of Alyeska and establish farms, but many attempts failed. Alyeska and Canada began to rely on one another: grain and food were shipped from the fertile fields of Canada in exchange for industrial products of the new Alyeskan factories, along with gold and oil discovered in the northern parts of Alyeska. Extremist movements rose in the country, such as left-wing unitarians urging unification with their former colonial master, and right-wing devorists who tried to gain power on the platform of blaming the immigrants and politicians for failing to gain successs in the First World War despite Alyeska's hard fighting. The devoirists nearly gained power, but since Alyeska was a nation of immigrants, they rejected the devorists in the election and voted in Jefferson Randolph Smith III in 1936.
Smith emphasized working together to end the depression. As hostile devoirist governments rose in California and the Confederate States, Alyeska smoothed over relations with Canada, and strengthened its membership in the Allied Coalition. The outbreak of World War II saw Alyeska initially neutral at first, though they did send supplies to aid the United States when it was invaded in 1941. Alyeska would truly enter the war when the Empire of Japan attacked after Alyeska embargoed the empire in 1942. The Japanese launched a surprise attack on Alyeskan naval bases and even made landings on the Aleutian islands.Smith rallied the nation and the Japanese would be forced out of the islands, and the full industrial output and resources of the nation were put towards the war effort. Alyeskan ships would join the Supreme Pact Pacific fleet as they were constructed, and the newly constructed navy would play a pivotal part in the decisive victory at Leyte Gulf. Alyeskan marines would take part in several landings, while Alyeskan reinforcements relieved the Californian siege of the American port of Crescent City, then liberated Redding. Alyeska would finally defeat California once and for all by taking part of the climactic Battle of San Francisco.
Following World War II, the world was divided into the camp of the United States and the camp of the Russian Greater Union. Opinion in Alyeska was divided over whether to support the motherland or stay with the United States; ultimately the Alaskan Prime Ministers stayed with the alliance formed in war and supported the United States, becoming a founding member of the Northern Defensive Alliance.