Fandom

Alternate History

Alternate Destinies (French Trafalgar, British Waterloo)

40,533pages on
this wiki
Add New Page
Talk0 Share

Ad blocker interference detected!


Wikia is a free-to-use site that makes money from advertising. We have a modified experience for viewers using ad blockers

Wikia is not accessible if you’ve made further modifications. Remove the custom ad blocker rule(s) and the page will load as expected.

Under contruction icon-red The following page is under construction.

Please do not edit or alter this article in any way while this template is active. All unauthorized edits may be reverted on the admin's discretion. Propose any changes to the talk page.

Alternate Destinies is an article to list and describe the lives of those we know in OTL (Our Timeline) in French Trafalgar, British Waterloo.

A

Asper, Israel Harold "Izzy"

Israel Harold "Izzy" Asper (9 September 1917 - 19 March 2007) was an Assiniboian lawyer, media magnate and failed Presidential candidate in 1980, 1984 and 1996. He was also the owner of Assiniboia Television (ATV), as well as multiple newspapers including the North American Post, Winnipeg Free Press and New York Journal under Beyond West Media, and the founder of well known international cable conglomerate Global News Network. A noted philanthropist, he donated millions to the University of Manitoba (which named the Asper Business Building after him), as well as to multiple organizations related to Jewish concerns and several Organization of Sovereign Nations organized charities.

B

Barnum, P.T.

Phineas Taylor Barnum (9 July 1811 - 29 September 1870) was an infamous American business man and fraudster, notorious for hatching rigged schemes to enrich himself while not providing services that he was contracted for, or, if he did, they were of such low quality that they were worthless. This got him into trouble when his efforts to sell shoddy weapons to the United States Army was uncovered, and he was sentenced to 20 years in prison. When he was released in 1870 after only serving six years, he was gunned down by an enraged former investor. To this day, to be "Barnumed" is a slang word for being tricked or deceived.

Bismarck, Otto von

Otto-bismarck

Chancellor of Germany, First Minister of Prussia Otto von Bismarck

Otto Eduard Leopold, Prince of Bismarck, Duke of Lauenburg (6 May 1814-7 April 1899) was a conservative Prussian and later German statesman most responsible for establish Germany that lasted until the dissolution of the National Socialist Germany at the end of the Third Global War. A Junker noble and devout Lutheran, he was considered aggressive, dominating, conniving, and, when Germany was united, cautious and pacifist, was absolutely loyal to both the King/Kaiser and the idea of a unified Germany. For this goal, he did whatever he thought was necessary to unite Prussia and the Confederation of the Rhine, including the long, drawn out Second Great European War and then strengthen it, which led to his one major failure, that of destroying the alliance with the United Kingdom over the Italian Civil War. He was dismissed under pressure by the crown prince, later Kaiser Wilhelm II, in 1891, and retired to see his balanced foreign policy ripped to shreds by the young Kaiser and his inferior chancellors. He was reported to have stated that "Augsburg came twenty years after the death of Frederick the Great; the crash will come twenty years after my departure if things go on like this." It turned out to happen almost to the month of his departure that the Second Global War broke out. Bismarck died in 1894 on his estate in East Prussia. He was later idolized by future generations of Germans, but fell out of favor under pressure from the National Socialists under Ernst Rohm. After the recreation of the Protectorate of Prussia in the 1950s, Bismarck once again became an idolized figure among Germans in both French-occupied Germany and the Protectorate itself, symbolizing the reunification. With the creation of West Germany, Bismarck was upheld as the "Father of Germany", and the dream of a unified Prussia and West Germany is still held, and symbolized by Bismarck.

Boyen, Hermann von

Prussian General.

C

Cash, Johnny

J Cash

John R. Cash, railroad magnate and businessman.

John R. "Johnny" Cash (18 May 1931 - December 8, 2004) was a major figure in the railroad industry, running the massive Western America Rail Corporation (WARC) conglomerate, which operated the famed Washington-Winnipeg Railroad (WWR), the Alyseka, Assiniboia and America Railroad (AAA), and the Union Pacific Line, which under his direction finally reached "from sea to sea" in 1964.

The fourth of seven children, Johnny was born in Confederate Arkansas, but his family fled north to the United States after Sam Rayburn and the Liberty Party, which his father Ray Cash opposed in several federal and state elections, rose to power. An assassination attempt on Ray forced the moderately successful cotton mill owner to flee, eventually receiving sanctuary in Fargo, Dakota. However, Johnny and his family possessed a Confederate accent that set him apart from the rest, making the young boy very concerned about his voice.

Ray joined the US Army in 1940 when the war broke out, and was made the Captain of a platoon of Confederate defectors and refugees, and fought bravely in Canada and later in the invasion of the United Kingdom. When he returned home, he received compensation for the destroyed cotton mill, which Ray used to invest in the WWR. Johnny joined US Air Force in 1949, and flew in the Strategic Bomber command for five years, before an accident that nearly destroyed his legs resulted in him being honorably discharged. He attended Ohio State University in 1955, and graduated with a degree in business administration, and joined the Washington-Winnipeg Railroad at his father's side, who was now the Chief Financial Officer of the company.

Johnny was promoted to his father's position in 1960 when he retired, and with the President of the company, and a distant relative, William Randolph Hurst, Jr., began a process to re-invigorate the North American rail industry. While still the largest mode of inter-city and cross country and international transport in 1960, they were rapidly being eclipsed by airlines, automobiles and bus lines. In 1962, a new holding company, Western America Railroad Corporation was established, with Hurst as President, and Cash as the CEO. Only 31, Cash was the youngest of the executives and trustees of the board, but perhaps the most driven to succeed. WARC bought Union Pacific Railroad in 1961, which had only been created in 1934 to try to link San Francisco, California, with St. Louis, Missouri. However, it had only reached Salt Lake City, Deseret when the Third Global War broke out in 1940, and it was unable to finish construction, facing financial crisis and scandal. Cash was put in charge to turn it around, and with Federal subsidies, finished the construction by linking several smaller railroads together, and the first train from St. Louis to San Francisco ran on June 4, 1963. By 1965, the WWR, as well as the "Triple A" Railroad were brought under the conglomerate, and the Oregon Trail Railroad was also acquired. Cash also saw the bus lines, not as competitors, but possibly as a way to link towns without rail to the towns that have it, and established Western America Bus Transportation Company in 1964.

These successes made Cash one of the biggest names in railroading, and later, in Corporate America. Cash married music star June Carter in 1966, one of the biggest marriages in American history until that time. In 1969, the federal government asked Cash to work on a "United Rail Transport Strategy", to promote the use of railroads at a time when rising gas prices made inter-city car transport expensive. Johnny proposed that new technologies had to be built and utilized, including "bullet trains" which were starting to be developed in France and Japan, to cut the time between cities, as well as newer forms of energy, including electricity, should be sponsored by the government. However, it took until President Edward Kennedy took power in 1977 for these recommendations to be accepted.

But at this same time, the WARC was investigated for monopolistic practices in the US and Alyseka, as they controlled over 40% of the railroad lines in North America at the time. President Hurst and CEO Cash tried to fight off the allegations, but in 1979, the US Supreme Court ordered the WARC to sell of half its holdings, and to not build more rail lines, or buy any other companies, without express government permission. The shock of the ruling led to William Hurst, Jr., suffering stroke a few months later and leaving the company his father built, but the board named Cash to be his successor as President.

Johnny Cash was able to work in the confines of the forced downsizing, using the profits from the sales to modernize and electrify large sections of the existing rail lines WARC owned. In 1983, the first American Bullet Train ran from Washington, D.C. to Winnipeg, Assiniboia, in seven hours, traveling at over 200 miles an hour. This led Cash to announce, by 1995, all major express routes of the WARC lines would use the bullet train. Although difficulties pushed the deadline back several times, all the express lines used bullet trains by 1999, and many other rail lines throughout the continent used them as well.

At the age of 70 in 2001, Cash announced his retirement, with the Presidency of WARC going to his son, John R. Cash, Jr. He later revealed that he was diagnosed with autonomic neuropathy associated with diabetes in 1992, which explained his handing over of power to his son soon after. June Carter Cash died on 6 June, 2003, which struck Johnny hard. He died 18 months later with complications from diabetes.

His legacy is preserved with the WARC, which, despite its downsizing in the 1980's, still the leader of American rail transport. When Cash resigned, railroads were carrying 43% of all mass passenger traffic in the United States, with airlines only carrying 31%. Cash was immortalized in John R. Cash Memorial Terminal in Washington, D.C., where all WARC traffic from the American capital leaves. A statue of Cash, standing in front of the first bullet train kept there, was unveiled in 2007.

Chaplin, Charles "Charlie"

Charles Spencer "Charlie" Chaplin (16 April 1889 – 25 December 1977) was a British film star well known for his "Little Tramp" character and the comedic silent movies he made. He is also known for the harrowing flight from England to Russia in 1937 after the British Imperial Party came to power, which he later documented in his movie Trip to Moscow. He later left for the United States where his reputation grew, while even in his native England he was largely forgotten or ignored.

Churchill, Winston Spencer

Winston Spencer Churchill (30 November 1874 – 24 January 1965) is a British, and later Assiniboian, writer, lecturer, radio personality, businessman and political leader, before being the leader of the "British Exodus" after the election of National Socialist Jon Beckett as Prime Minister of Great Britain. He spent the rest of his life in exile in Assiniboia, becoming the founder of a media empire stretching over North America which few have seen since.

(dai)Churchill

British/Assiniboian businessman and media mogul Winston Churchill

Churchill was born to the aristocratic Marlborough line, and followed in the footsteps of his famous ancestor into the British Army, serving in posts such as Egypt, India and Canada before resigning his commission as a Captain in 1899, and running for the House of Commons as a Conservative. After serving as a Member of Parliament from 1899 to 1911, and holding posts in Conservative governments, he rejoined the Army for the Second Global War. In 1912, he was asked to come back to London and serve as Minister of Defense, and he held this post until the end of the war. However, having been the public face of the defeat of the United Kingdom, he lost his seat in the 1916 elections, and would not be re-elected until 1922. However, with the rise of the National Socialist British Imperial Party, Churchill found himself "in the wilderness," and after the Election of 1936, he was told to either "leave, or cease to exist".
Sir Winston S Churchill

Winston Churchill

Churchill left, first traveling to France and Australia, before at last settling down in Assiniboia, which he called the "last true British influenced nation" in the world. During the Third Global War, Churchill was not allowed to serve the Assiniboian Army due to his past in the British army, but instead joined the Assiniboian Department of Information, and became the voice of Assiniboia National Radio, broadcasting across the world, and helping to establish the Assiniboian entertainment industry which, after a glowing start in the 1930's, would really take off after the war, and one of his companies, Churchill Productions, lasting until the present day. He also was responsible for creating Assiniboia Media Incorporated, the largest media empire in the world at the time, controlling over 45 dailies in North America, as well as several movie studios in Assiniboia and radio and TV stations in Alyseka, the United States.

Despite his success, Churchill had always felt disjointed in Assiniboia, and was known in his later years to yearn to return to England, even under a Sorelist dictatorship, but refused to, even after he was officially allowed back in 1958. Churchill died in 1965 in Winnipeg.

Clemens, Samuel Langhorne

Samuel Langhorne Clemens (November 30, 1835 – April 21, 1910) was an American politician, author and humorist, best known as Governor of New York between 1871 and 1877, and Vice-President of James G. Blaine for his first term in office form 1877 to 1881. Clemens declined to serve as Blaine's running mate in the 1880 election, and was able to avoid the scandal and corruption and military failures of the next term. In his later years, Samuel was best known for his novels, including The Adventures of Huckleberry Finn about a young boy growing up along the Mississippi River in the pre-Confederate Independence era, and for his works of social commentary of the institution of slavery of his home state of Missouri and the south as a whole, and increasingly left wing and Socialist views. He died in Connecticut, and is revered to this day as one of America's greatest writers and politicians.

Clinton, William Jefferson "Bill"

William Jefferson "Bill" Clinton (May 7 1947 - ) is a Confederate/American film director, producer, screenwriter and musician. In his forty year film career, Clinton is especially well known for his adventure, sci-fi, political thriller and historical drama movies.

Born in war-torn Arkansas in 1947 as the only son of an American soldier as his Confederate war-bride, Bill Clinton displayed an early talent for both music and art, becoming an accomplished saxophone player by the age of 16, and making home movies that he would charge 25 cents admission for. At 19, Clinton left Arkansas for Assiniboia, studying Film and Literature at the University of Winnipeg, and began working in the movie industry. In 1969, Clinton offered his first screenplay, which later became the King Bros. movie Love and Hate in Chicago, earning Clinton recognition for a well developed story. In 1972, he was offered his fist chance as director in the movie Roller Coaster, which was a mediocre box office success, but has since earned a cult following. After this, he went to Chicago and directed TV shows, including P.I. Clark and The Deatrict's.

The later 70s and early 80s, he returned to Assiniboia, writing and editing several movies for King Bros. before being offered the directors seat again, this time for Blue Moon, Red River, (1976), a comedic look at the normally serious "Oregon" film genre of cowboys, settlers, Indians and British soldiers, and the outlandishness of the scenes that were usually featured in the films. Only overshadowed by Star Wars, Clinton's second directing credit was a huge success, and established him as one of the premier directing talents in Assiniboia.

D

DeMille, Cecil Blount

Cecil Blount DeMille (September 8, 1880 - July 4, 1961) was an American writer, film director and politician famous for writing and directing classics like Assiniboian Mounted Police (1940) and Roblin Boulevard (1949), before resigning from filmmaking to run for Governor in his home state of Massachusetts in 1950 as the Nationalist candidate. After serving four two year terms, he declined to run again for election, and returned to direct one more movie, his classic The Ten Commandments (1962), which was released after he passed away from complications due to a heart attack while filming in Egypt.

E

Einstein, Albert

Einstein President

Albert Einstein

Einstein, Albert (17 April 1880 - February 7, 1959) was a German-American pioneer in telecommunications and electrical engineering, most famous for helping developing the first television, as well as other improvements to long distance communication via telephone, telegraph and radio. Born in Ulm, in the Kingdom of Witterimburg (part of the German Empire), he was the single child of Jewish parents; his father, Hermann Einstein, was an engineer for the German Imperial Railroads, while his mother,

Einstein worked with his father for several years while attending a Berufsschule (technical apprenticeship school), before attending a higher technical school in Zurich, Switzerland, in 1900. There, he became interested with the development of electricity, and the huge strides men like Tesla in Austria-Hungary had developed. While there, he wrote his paper on the use of electricity to transmit images, but his professor reportedly scoffed, saying that it would never work.

Einstein was exempted from the German army draft due to his job within the Imperial Railways, and, along with his father, was important in developing the first electrified railway in Europe, a short stretch from Berlin to Potsdam. During his spare time, Einstein continued to experiment, with the tacit agreement of his father, for using electricity to send images over distances. In 1911, a couple months before the outbreak of the Second Global War, Hermann Einstein was electrocuted while fixing the rail line.

During the War, Einstein helped to electrify large stretched of the German Rail system in order to save valuable coal reserves to go to the war effort. The end of the war in 1916 put a halt to further electrification, and Einstein was laid off from the Imperial Railways (renamed the German Republic Railways after the Kaiser abdicated).

In 1917, he married Marie Winteler, the daughter of a Swiss professor that Einstein had met in Germany, but Albert's mother died in 1918 from cancer. While looking for work in 1919, Einstein met a young Rudolf Hess, also an electrical engineering student, and they both began to collaborate to develop Einsteins "electrical image transmission" idea. With the backing of Laufbildkamera AG, Einstein and Hess began to work on the new idea, and by 1924 had developed the basis for a Television, which Albert called a "Bildprojektionsgerät" (image projection system). At this point, the two men decided to found their own company, Bildprojektionsgerät Unternehmen, and began to refine the concept.

In the United States, John Ford and the Electric Communication Corporation was also working simultaneously on the Television, and in 1927 traveled to Germany to met Einstein and Hess. The three men decided to colaberate on the development of a TV, and only a year later Ford unveiled the "Telo Vision" in the US. Further refinements and developments made it more efficient and made clearer, more visible images

The Stock Market Crash of 1931 put a halt to the development of the television. Hess, depressed over the lack of funds and the lack of public interest in a very expensive novelty item, committed suicide in 1932. Einstein, on the other hand, was invited by Ford and his new backer, John D. Rockefeller, Jr., to join him in the US to merge both their efforts to build the TV, and he eagerly went, taking his wife and two children along.

For the next 10 years, Einstein and Ford continued to develop the Television, including sound projection and image clarity. By 1938, Rockefeller's National Telegraph and Radio (of which the ECC was a subsidiary company) began to roll out the first Television stations and sets.

The Third Global War put a halt to the development of TV, and Einstein and Ford were put in charge of the development of the compact wireless radio, the ubiquitous "walkie talkie." The first walkie talkies were used by the US Secret Service Bureau to communicate with agents behind enemy lines with a (then) undetectable frequency, allowing agents to speak in the clear without codes.

After the war, Einstein and Ford continued work on the Television, and oversaw the massive expansion of the system in the late 1940s and 50s. The ECC was divorced from NTR in 1949 after an anti-trust suit was brought against it by the US government, but that didn't slow the company down. By 1955, ECC owned most of the patents involved with the development of Television, and was considered one fo the largest companies in the world.

Einstein retired in 1957 and died two years later from a stroke. He was survived by his wife Marie, and two sons Albert Jr., and Carl.

F

G

Gandhi, Vikramaditya "Mahatma"

Gandhi PM

First Prime Minister of India Vikramaditya Gandhi

Vikramaditya "Mahatma" Gandhi (8 April 1888 - 18 July 1971) was a bold political activist and the first Prime Minster of the independent nation of India. He struggled hard against the yolk of the British and played a big hand in liberating the nation from under its control. Admiringly referred to as the father of modern India, Gandhi has become one of the most well known figures in modern history, described by some as the "George Washington of India."

Born to a Gujarati merchant family, Vikramaditya was the seventh and final child of the of the Gandhi family. Although born in Gujarat, Gandhi would travel to many locations in his early years, eventually heading to London to study business in the Imperial College of London. It was there he saw the difference of attitude towards the many different peoples of the British Empire, inspiring him to develop a political understanding and the understanding of law. He would travel to Kenya, where he would first employ political civil disobedience in the resident Indian community's struggle for civil rights where he had initially looked to gain some foreign experience in business. He was shocked by the huge difference in treatment of a high-ranking Indian official and a high-ranking British official. Returning to India in 1920, he began to organise rallies for Indian Independence from Britain, bringing together peasants, farmers, urban labourers and the so-called untouchables, albeit in a peaceful manner. Two years later he would assume the mantle of leader of the Indian National Party, and would begin nationwide campagns for ending untouchability, building religious secularism, attaining woman's rights but above all for achiving Swaraj, or home-rule.

Goebbels, Paul Joseph

429px-Bundesarchiv Bild 146-1968-101-20A, Joseph Goebbels

American Secretary of State Joseph Goebbels

Dr. Paul Joseph Goebbels (10 November 1897- 17 June 1965) is a highly respected American diplomat, including Secretary of State under Presidents George C. Marshall and Harry S. Truman. The third out of five children of German Immigrants, Goebbels lived a happy youth in Illinois, where he developed a strong passion for his adopted home. Joseph was able to avoid conscription into the US Army due to a deformed right foot (the result of a childhood attack of osteomyelitis and a failed operation to correct it). He instead studied law and literature at the University of Chicago before applying for service in the US State Department in 1921, and was accepted. He held posts in France, Germany, Brazil and Persia in the 1920's and early 1930's before receiving his first ambassadorial post to Assiniboia in 1937, and was considered a rising star in the State Department. In 1941, with the election of President Joseph P. Kennedy, Goebbels was transferred to the Confederate States of America, where he only served a few months before the outbreak of the Third Global War. During the war, Goebbels primarily served as an envoy between the US and other members of the Grand Alliance, helping to arrange the Amphibious Invasion of the Confederacy by the Latin American nations. After the election President Marshall, Goebbels was named his Secretary of State, and managed to help keep the alliance together in the final months before the surrender of China in 1946. After the re-election of Marshall in 1949, Goebbels remained as Secretary of State and was instrumental in forming the Juneau Pact coalition of nations, and the response to the British Isles War. After the election of Harry S. Truman in 1953, Goebbels resigned from the position of Secretary of State and retired to his home in Chicago, where he started writing his memoirs and papers on international affairs, as well as giving lectures at the University of Chicago. He died of a heart attack in his sleep on May 6, 1965 at the age of 68.

Gneisenau, August Neidhardt von

August Neidhardt von Gneisenau (27 October 1760 - 2 March 1831) was a Prussian General that had a major hand in the reforming of the army after the defeat of Prussia by France in the Rhineland Conflict. He was a leader of forces loyal to the central government during the Prussian Coup of 1811. He died only a few weeks before the start of the Prussian Expansion War, which many claimed robbed the chance of victory from Prussia in that conflict.

H

Hardenburg, Karl August Fürst von

Karl August Fürst von Hardenburg was born at Essenrode (now a part of Lehre) near Hanover. After studying at Leipzig and Göttingen he entered the Hanoverian civil service in 1770 as councellor of the board of domains (Kammerrat); but, finding his advancement slow, he set out — on the advice of King George III of the United Kingdom — on a series of travels, spending some time at Wetzlar, Regensburg (where he studied the mechanism of the Imperial government), Vienna and Berlin. He also visited France, the Dutch Republic and Great Britain, where he was received kindly by the King. Upon his return, he married, at his father's suggestion, the Countess Reventlow.

In 1778, Hardenberg was raised to the rank of Privy Councillor and created a graf (or count). He went back to England, in the hope of obtaining the post of Hanoverian envoy in London; but his wife began an affair with the Prince of Wales, creating so a scandal so large that Hardenberg was forced to leave the Hanoverian service. In 1782 he entered the service of the Duke of Brunswick as President of the Board of Domains. As president of the board, he displayed a zeal for reform not unlike that of the enlightened despots of the day. This fact made him quite unpopular with the orthodox clergy and with the conservative estates. In the end, his position was made untenable by the extramarital conduct of his wife, whom he divorced. Shortly thereafter, he married a divorced woman.

Fortunately for Hardenberg, this political hardship coincided with the lapsing of the principalities of Ansbach and Bayreuth to Prussia, the result of the resignation of the last margrave, Charles Alexander, in 1791. In 1792, Hardenberg, who happened to be in Berlin at the time, was appointed administrator of the principalities thanks to his recommendation by Herzberg. As a result of the singular overlapping of the territorial claims in the old Empire, the position was one of considerable delicacy and Hardenberg filled it skillfully, doing much to reform traditional anomalies and to develop the country while simultaneously laboring to expand Prussia's influence in South Germany. After the outbreak of the revolutionary wars, his diplomatic ability led to his appointment as Prussian envoy to the Rhenish courts with a roving commission in order to visit and win them over. On February 28, 1795, when the necessity for making peace with the French Republic was recognized, he was appointed to succeed Count Goltz as Prussian plenipotentiary at Basel, where he signed the Peace of Basel.

In 1797, upon the accession of King Frederick William III of Prussia to the throne, Hardenberg was summoned to Berlin, where he received an important "friend" named Willy and was appointed Chief of the Departments of Magdeburg and Halberstadt, of Westphalia, and of the principality of Neuchâtel. In 1793, Hardenberg had struck up a friendship with Count Haugwitz, the influential Minister for Foreign Affairs, and, in 1803, when the latter went away on leave from August through October, he appointed Hardenberg as his locum tenens. It was a critical period. Napoleon had just occupied Hanover and Haugwitz had emphasized the necessity for strong measures and the expediency of a Russian alliance upon the king. During his absence, however, the king's irresolution continued as he clung to the policy of neutrality which had so far seemed to have served Prussia well. Hardenberg contented himself with adapting himself to the royal will. By the time Haugwitz returned, the unyielding attitude of Napoleon had caused the king to make advances to Russia. However, the declarations of May 3 and 25, 1804 only pledged the two powers to take up arms in the event of a French attack upon Prussia or of further aggressions in North Germany. Finally, Haugwitz, unable to persuade the cabinet to take a more vigorous policy, resigned. On April 14, 1804, Hardenberg succeeded him as foreign minister.

f there was to be war, Hardenberg would have preferred the French alliance. The price Napoleon demanded was for the cession of Hanover to Prussia. The Eastern powers would not have freely conceded so great an augmentation of Prussian power. However, he still hoped to gain the coveted prize by diplomacy, backed by the veiled threat of an armed neutrality. Then came Napoleon's contemptuous violation of Prussian territory, by marching three French corps through Ansbach; King Frederick William's pride overcame his weakness, and on November 3, he signed the terms of an ultimatum to be laid before Napoleon with Tsar Alexander I of Russia.

Haugwitz was dispatched to Vienna with the document; but before he arrived the Battle of Austerlitz had been fought, and the Prussian plenipotentiary had to make terms with Napoleon. Prussia, by the treaty signed at Schönbrunn on December 15, 1805, received Hanover, but in return for all her territories in South Germany. One condition of the arrangement was the retirement of Hardenberg, whom Napoleon disliked. He was again foreign minister for a few months during the Rhineland Conflict; but Napoleon's resentment was implacable, and one of the conditions of the terms granted to Prussia by the Treaty of Hanover was Hardenberg's dismissal.

He spent the next several years out of power, but was able to help create the Reforms of 1808 with Heinrich Friedrich Karl vom und zum Stein, which were primarily of the former's creation. The military system was completely reformed, serfdom was abolished, municipal institutions were fostered, the civil service was thrown open to all classes, and great attention was devoted to the educational needs of every section of the community. He was rightly regarded by German patriots as the statesman who had done most to encourage the spirit of national independence; and he was raised to the rank of prince (June 3, 1818) in recognition of the part he had played in the reforms, after retiring as Prime Minister, having served since 1813 and the resignation of Stein from the same post.

He died peacefully while visiting Austria in 1822.

Hess, Rudolf

Rudolf Hess (6 February 1897 - 9 January 1932)

Hitler, Adolf

Hitler1

Austrian President Adolf Hitler, 1934

General Adolf Hitler, (20 April 1889 – 30 April 1957), was the first democratically elected President of an independent Austria, and served in this post until the dismemberment of Austria by Germany, Hungary and Italy in 1939, and later was the head of the Government in Exile in Russia. However, the establishment of a French dominated government in Vienna after the war ensured he would never return to his homeland. In his later years he turned to art, and became moderately successful in both painting and writing, which included several historical studies of Europe and his autobiography "Mein Kampf", or "My Struggle". He died in 1957 in his villa that he himself had designed on the Black Sea by the side of his wife Eva Braun and his faithful husky Blondie. He was considered a fair and just leader, and had actively sought to oppose the Germans in their quest to take over Europe, and especially the murder of the Jewish people in the Holocaust.

I

J

K

King, William Lyon Mackenzie

441px-Wm Lyon Mackenzie King

Canadian Prime Minister William Lyon Mackenzie King

William Lyon Mackenzie King (1874-1937) was a Canadian politician whose assassination on July 1, 1937, was considered the primary catalysis for the Canadian Civil War between French-Canadian Quebecois and the English-Canadian Nationalists. King's efforts to try to balance both Quebec's and the English Canadian's aspirations prevented the Civil War from breaking out years sooner, despite his harsh, heavy handed tactics that eventually alienated both sides from his support.

Born in rural Ontario, King was named after famed Canadian Patriot and maternal grandfather William Lyon Mackenzie, and taking in his ancestor's footsteps entered politics after graduating with a degree in law from the University of Toronto in 1899, first running for the provincial assembly before working his way up to the Canadian House of Commons in 1910 as a Liberal. A strong supporter of the Canadian war effort in the Second Global War, King was named the Minister of Foreign Affairs in 1915 under Prime Minister Laurier, and led the thankless task of negotiating the armistice in 1916 with America and Assiniboia. He was turned out of his Ontario seat in the election that year, and would spend the rest of the decade in political obscurity.

LaurierKing1915

Then Minister of Defense King with Prime Minister Wilfred Laurier, 1915. King would later be reported as holding seances with his mentor and friend.

The rise of Quebecois nationalism in the early 1920's gave rise to fears of the larger French Catholic region of the dominion was planning to break away. King tried to balance both sides of the issue, and rose to the leadership of the Liberal Party in 1923, and was elected Prime Minister in 1926. He held onto power by balancing Quebecois wants with Ontarian fears: keeping high ranking French-Canadians in government while at the same time ensuring they never became dominate. The onset of the Great Depression in 1931 came at a time when English-Canadian fears of Quebec were at its highest, and thousands of unemployed workers rioted in Halifax, Toronto, Sudbury and St. Johns in 1933. King decided that by suspending Parliament and enforcing the Martial Acts Law of 1906, which vested all authority in the Prime Minister for five years (and possible renewal) was the best course of action, and the Royal Canadian Mounted Police and the Royal Canadian Army marched in to establish order.

For the next four years, Prime Minister King would continue to try to restore the economy while at the same time promote Canadian unity, and was moderately successful with both efforts, using his vast knowledge of capital and labour, as well as excellent timing and understand of the social conditions of the time to try achieve his goals. He was prepared to allow the Martial Acts Law to expire in 1938, believing that economic prosperity would keep the relations between the two groups down. He began a series of speaking engagements across Canada, his "Unity" Speeches, despite his lack of popular appeal and charisma. However, he pushed onward, and in a series of speeches tried to convince the people that "Canada means both Ontario and Quebec, not one or the other."

KingAddressingSoldiers

Prime Minister King during one of his "Unity" Speeches, just a few weeks before he was killed.

During one such speech in Toronto on Canada Day, July 1, 1937, just as he starting his speech, a to this day unknown member of the Canadian Liberators, a National Socialist group founded to try to overthrow the government, shot and killed the Prime Minister. Chaos soon filled the square, hampering police actions to catch the assassin, while at the same time ending all hopes to keep Canada unified, for the new Prime Minster was Earnest Laporte from Quebec. The Canadian Civil War would break out less than five months later.

William Lyon Mackenzie King was considered a shrewd and clever political operator, and, despite having none of the speaking or public skills that some of his counterparts in global leadership had, such as John Beckett in the United Kingdom, Norman Thomas in the US and Ernst Röhm in Germany, he was possibly even more devious and shrewd a political master than anyone else in his era. A constant loner, he developed "alliances, not friendships," one politician said of him. It had only been revealed in the 1970's, long after Canada had ceased to exist, that he was a believer in the supernatural, holding seances with his dead mother, as well as other notables such as Leonardo da Vinci, former Prime Minister Wilfred Laurier and even the first Emperor of the French Empire Napoleon I. Despite claims to the contrary, he did not seek political help from the spirit world, but rather personal conversation and assurances. He never married, but kept close ties to his sisters and their friends, though some have also speculated that he was a homosexual, though no evidence had ever come to light.

Despite his faults, Mackenzie King was considered one of the best leaders in North American history for his efforts to keep Canada together while restoring economic prosperity, as well as promoting peace among Canada's former enemies. Some have speculated that, had he not been killed, Canada would most likely never have gone into the Third Global War, and the nation would never have been broken up or been involved in the Civil War that devastated the nation. Today people in Assiniboian Ontario use King as their symbol for re-establishing Canada, though little progress had been made by them.

L

M

Marx, Karl

Karl Heinrich Marx (19 July 1816 - 29 October 1875) was a Prussian (later German) philosopher, economist, historian and author who is most famous for his "The History of Social Development" ("Die Geschichte der gesellschaftlichen Entwicklung"). In this work, he advocates for a "Socialist" form of government, where the state controls most of the means of production and distribution, so that people produce to their ability, and receive according to his need. Marx links this into the Christian scriptures, especially the New Testament, and advocates the use of religion to push for the adoption of his socialism throughout the world.

Marx's ideas were heavily influential in the Protestant and later Roman Catholic, churches and communities, especially in the rapidly industrializing centers of Europe and North America. However, despite Marx's call for peaceful cooperation, extremists began to adopt Marx's ideas, with the more volatile Communism that arose in Russia in the 1890s, and even later National Socialism in the 1920s being considered offshoots of Marxism. However, Marx himself denounced the increasing violence, calling it "un-Christian." Socialism was also actively opposed by the political and economic establishment, which made it difficult to gain strength for years until the Socialism began to gain power.

McClung, Nellie

Doctor Nellie Letitia McClung (Mooney) (15 September 1875 - 7 March 1949) was an Assiniboian medical doctor, political activist and female suffragist most famous for being the first female doctor in North America, graduating from the University of Manitoba in 1905. She was arrested for "Anti-government activity" against Assiniboia during the Second Global War in 1912 and sensationalized trial a year later for leading a protest against the war. Although her actions, along with her organization, the Free Women of Assiniboia, led to the passing of the Equal Voting Rights Act of 1916, she was locked up for the remainder of the war, she was later pardoned by President William Melville Martin in 1922, and ran for the Assiniboian Senate, becoming the first female elected to that body.

Montgomery, Bernard Law

470px-Bernard Law Montgomery

General and Prime Minister of England Bernard Law Montgomery.

Bernard Law "Monty" Montgomery, (1887-1962) British General and first Prime Minister of England, who was one of the highest ranking defectors of National Socialist Britain before the Third Global War, and ultimately came to establish the Sorelist Dictatorship still in place in England.

Born in London in 1887 as the son of the Anglo-Irish Reverend Henry Montgomery, who was later made the Bishop of Ceylon in 1891 and was often away from home for six months at a time, Monty and his brothers and sister was often beaten by his mother, who otherwise neglected her children and sent them to boarding schools when they were old enough. Monty would resent his mother, and refused to have anything to do with her after he graduated from the Royal Military Academy, Sandhurst, in 1908 as a Second Lieutenant, and was said to have "rejoiced" when the news that his mother had been killed in a bombing raid on London in the Third Global War. It was while at Sandhurst that "Monty" became a nickname for him, which he was secretly annoyed about, saying that "If they can't say my whole name, they might as well not talk to me at all."

After a brief stint in India, Montgomery was promoted to Lieutenant in 1910, after which he assigned back to Britain, After the outbreak of War in 1911, the British Army was sent to Germany to participate in the defense against French troops. In one battle in 1912, the young Lieutenant was shot in the knee while leading an attack on French lines, but managed to rally his mean to take the machine gun post. Monty was awarded with the Distinguished Service Medal in light of this battle, but was laid up for over six months due to his injuries. Despite a doctor saying he would never be able to fight again, the now Captain Montgomery was part of the bloody Battle of Ciney, where he was again recognized for his heroism. Promoted to Major in early 1913, Monty again was on the front lines in the war, serving in several battles, including the first tank offensive of the war, at Soignies in 1915. A Lieutenant-Colonel by 1916, Montgomery was pulled from the lines to serve with the Fifth Army as they instituted the Haig-Ludendorff Plan, but after its failure, fought a fighting retreat across the North German plains (which Monty was instrumental in organizing) until the surrender on September 10, by which time Montgomery was a Colonel, one of the youngest in the British Army.

After the war, Montgomery was retained in the reduced British Army, and even promoted to Brigadier, and was instrumental in organizing the military to be the "Army of Officers" that would be used to man a future army. However, his true interest lay in the development of new tanks, and he was considered the British inventor of the "Blitzkrieg" offensive. As the Imperial Socialist Party rose to power, with its strong National Socialist ideology, Montgomery was beginning to have doubts in the government, especially in the "hooligans and ruffians" that the Imperial Socialist Party was currently electing to Parliament, especially as they attacked him for being part-Irish. Montgomery, through pressure from the BIP, was eventually forced to resign his commission in 1926, but he then tried to run for Parliament to put a halt to the National Socialists. Despite a blistering campaign, he managed to win a seat in London in the 1927 election on force of his personality and his war record. But a series of death threats and an assassination attempt against him and his new wife Elizabeth Carver (wife of an Olympic athlete killed in the war) forced him to resign his seat and flee to France in 1930.

From the moment he stepped foot in France, war hero and Fédération Impérialiste Française Leader [[Philippe Pétain developed a personal alliance in opposition to the National Socialist Governments. After the ISP took power in Britain, Montgomery attacked the government of John Beckett with vocal arguments and verbal attacks (which in turn attacked Montgomery, especially over his half-Irish ancestry). His relationship with Petain also increased, and Montgomery became an avowed Sorelist, and with other English Sorelist's formed the "British Defense Council" in Paris, which Monty eventually came to lead and turned it into a political party. During the Third Global War and the Natso invasion of France, Montgomery led a British brigade as part of the Foreign Legion, and was one of the last soldiers to leave France in Operation Phoenix.

After the retreat from France, Montgomery would reorganize the British Defense Council into a Government in Exile, fully supported by Prime Minister Pétain of France, and later by the United States and Russia. When the New World armies invaded England, Montgomery personally led a full division of British exiles in fighting for his homeland, and later was on hand when American General Omar Bradley accepted the surrender of Field Marshall Harold Alexander, after which Montgomery was named the provisional leader of England on 8 January 1945.

As the Third Global War drew to a close, Montgomery and the British Defense Council, renamed the English Defense Council in 1945, started establishing a Sorelist government in England with full support from France. Establishing the English Federated State and naming himself Prime Minister of England in 1947. However, Montgomery wished to re-establish the United Kingdom (with or without Ireland was never known, despite his ties to the island). This eventually led to the British Isles War in 1951 when the English Army invaded Scotland, and eventually brought in American and other Juneau Pact forces. The war was fought to an inconclusive state by the end of 1951, but no other offensive operations were taken, and a ceasefire was signed in September 1952. This war, as well as the continual state of high tensions and desire to reform the UK, led the Scottish people to consider him a lunatic and madman.

For the rest of his life, Montgomery would continue to rule England with an iron fist, supported by his ideological allies in France. The English army was considered one of the strongest in the world, and which also possessed a small arsenal of nuclear weapons. The economy continued to stagnate as Montgomery was more concerned with reforming the United Kingdom, and was constantly rebuffed in his efforts to invite King Edward VIII's brother, George VI and later his daughter Elizabeth to take the throne. In his later years he began turning delusional and megalomaniac, ordering massive monuments that would dwarf anything ever built before, and still planning for a triumphant march through Edinburgh. He died in May of 1962 from a stroke, and was mourned by the English people, while his death was greeted with joy in Scotland.

Mussolini, Benito

Benito Amilcare Andrea Mussolini (17 July 1885 - 9 June 1944)

N

Nelson, Horatio

Horatio Nelson, 1st Viscount Nelson (29 September 1758 – 21 October 1805) was a British vice-admiral whose defeat at the Battle of Trafalgar in 1805 was the catalyst for the end of hostilities between France and Britain in the First Great European War.

Nelson was a successful naval officer in the American Revolutionary War and the early years of the First Great European War, using unorthodox tactics to confuse and defeat his enemies, which resulted in physical harm in losing his arm in the Battle of Santa Cruz de Tenerife, and the sight in the Battle of Corsica.

Nelson was shot and killed in the Battle of Trafalgar, and so did not have to face the results of the defeat. He was buried in his hometown in Norfolk when his body was returned to England, and he was made a martyr for Nationalist Britain in the mid-late 1800s.

Nixon, Richard

Richard Milhous Nixon (September 2, 1913 - July 9, 1974) was a famous American movie actor, well known for both action, comedic and dramatized roles, namely Northern Frontier (1943), All Out For Sacramento (1951) Monday in Detroit (1964), and The President's Men (1969). He was killed on the set of the epic Julius Caesar when a partially built Roman temple collapsed. This, along with a string of other accidents, deaths and mishaps nearly ruined Paramount Pictures when the film that was supposed to star Nixon didn't even have him for all but a few minutes.

O

Oswald, Lee Harvey

Dr. Lee Harvey Oswald (1939-1993), Doctorate in Nuclear Physics, is a pioneer in the Video Games Industry, having founded the first financially viable company American Computer Entertainment (ACE) Games in 1965, as well as patenting the video game concept after a demonstration of the nuclear reactor's computer system in the popular "Computer Tennis" during an open house. However, by ignoring employee Steve Jobs' idea of home video consoles eventually led to the loss of a massive share in the burgeoning video games market, while the 1983 Video Game Crash led to the eventual crippling of the giant. After this last defeat, Dr. Oswald resigned his CEO position and retired from the industry, handing the reins over to Trip Hawkins in 1984, who restructured the company into the modern day juggernaut Electronic Arts (EA). The patent was revoked in 1979 after an anti-trust lawsuit was brought against him as a countersuit when ACE sued Jobs for the console idea. Oswald would live the rest of his life in comfortable isolation, supported by the enormous wealth that his patent (before it was revoked) and his share in ACE, later EA Games, provided him.

P

Q

R

Reagan, Ronald

Reagan7

Ronald Reagan

Ronald Wilson Reagan (March 7, 1910 - December 6, 2003) was a Pacific Republican Army Captain and later the organizer of the California Liberation Movement to mount a campaign to free his occupied homeland from the United States. However, when Sorelist agitators began to target civilians and other who "collaborated" with the US government, Reagan secretly approached the US Government to give them information to the the excessively violent and devastating Sorelist "Cali" raids. Captured in 1965, Reagan was nearly sentenced to life in prison in 1969 before it was revealed that he betrayed his own movement, and was granted leniency, only sentenced to 20 years in prison, and released after 10. In 1980, Reagan was elected to the California Legislative Assembly, where his stature of fighting for the freedom of the state (although his betrayal of the CLM was glossed over) won him great respect, and became governor in 1984. He was asked to perform a role in the Leslie Neilsen film Airplane in 1982, as a passenger trying to talk the hijackers out of crashing the plane when their plan failed. This scene, of a former "terrorist" trying to talk down fictional terrorists in a movie, was considered almost worse than many of the excessively violent scenes of the movie, but was a major step to rehabilitating the man in the eyes of America. His past role as betrayer of the CLM resulted in numerous assassination attempts, the closest on his life taking place in March 1981 after leaving prison. He resigned from office in 1990, and was diagnosed with Alzheimer's disease in 1999. After a four year battle, Reagan died from complications from the disease. He left behind a wife Nancy (born 1917, married 1948), and three children (Michael, 1949-; Susan, 1953-; and Roger, 1956-)

Rockefeller, John D. Sr.

John Davison Rockefeller, Sr., (8 March 1837 - 19 February 1919)

Rockefeller, John D. Jr.

John Davison Rockefeller, Jr., (10 April - 1875 - 8 December 1958)

Röhm, Ernst

Ernst Röhm (8 September 1893 - 28 June 1946)

S

Scharnhorst, Gerhard von

Gerhard Johann David Waitz von Scharnhorst (12 November 1755 - 8 September 1839) was a Prussian General that was helped to reform the Prussian Army in the aftermath of its defeat in the Rhineland Conflict. He would continue to serve in the Prussian Army until his death, and lead forces in the Prussian Expansion War, but he had become more conservative and less driving in his older years which resulted in several missed opportunities in the war that resulted in Prussia's defeat.

Sikorsky, Igor Ivanovich

399px-Igor Sikorsky

Igor Sikorksy, the "Architect of Russia"

Igor Ivanovich Sikorsky (10 December 1890 - 8 April 1975) was a Russian engineer and architect, famous for his "Vozrozhdenie" (Rebirth) plan to help rebuild much of Russia in the aftermath of the Third Global War, and the chief designer of the Moscow International Business Center, started in 1970, and only finished in 1989 after his death.

Skryabin, Vyacheslav Mikhailovich

Vyacheslav Mikhailovich Skryabin (18 September 1880- 1 January 1974) was a Russian political leader and the the last Prime Minister of Imperial Russia, as well as first President of the Russian republic, nicknamed "Molotov" (Russian for "hammer") by an appreciative public. He consistently ranked as one of the greatest statesmen from Russia in decades, and his actions helped shaped the course of the future destiny of Russia. Born in the small village of Kukarka, Skryabin was recognized early on as a bright student, and was given scholarships to attend Imperial Moscow University, and graduated in 1902 at the top of his law and history class. He soon after became a diplomat in the Russian Foreign Ministry, quickly rising through the ranks. His first major posting was Ambassador to Persia in 1910, soon cementing an alliance that would stand until the present day.

Molotov.bra

Russian Prime Minister and President Vyacheslav Mikhailovich Skryabin.

However, the Second Global War soon forced the Foreign Ministry to move the rising star to the choice posting of ambassador to France (1912-1918), before helping negotiate the peace on behalf of Russia. After, he was sent as Ambassador to the United States for seven years (1918-1925), helping to cement the friendship between Russia and the US. When he returned home, Skryabin announced he was retiring, and left the public service to write and spend time with his wife and three children. This lasted until 1931, when Prime Minister Leon Trotsky personally asked Skryabin to become the Foreign Minister. The quietness of retirement was making Skryabin restless, and he jumped at the opportunity, and was quickly approved by Czar Nicholas II.

In his new post, Skryabin soon earned his nickname "Molotov." The Second Bolshevik Revolt needed to be crushed, and advised the young Nikita Khrushchev, Minister of State, on how to handle this, though the heavy handed tactics were very unpopular at the time. The battle against the massive unemployment left by the Stock Market Crash of 1931 managed to restore some of the popularity of the government. Also, he pushed for peace in China, as well as the failed attempts for weapon's control. The death of Prime Minister Trotsky in 1938, followed weeks later by the Crown Prince Alexi was mourned by all, and Nicholas II asked Skryabin to form the next government, which he accepted.

However, Nicholas II died weeks later, and his brother, Michael, was appointed Czar. This led to open protests and dissent yet another Communist coup, which Skryabin dealt with swiftly, arresting thousands accused of being Communists, though all were subject to a fair trial before decisions were ruled. But the National Socialist invasion of Russia in 1942 soon rallied the nation around Czar Micheal and Prime Minister Skryabin, who valiantly remained in Moscow, along with the Czar, as the Natso's armies closed in. The vicious fight to restore Russia after the first winter soon led to Russian armies occupying Berlin in 1946, though St. Petersburg had been destroyed by nuclear weapons.

The pre-war crisis of the monarchy soon reared its head again, after Micheal died, and his son, the illegitimate George, (who was only legitimized by Czar Nicholas II) was placed on the throne, and tried to make himself more active in day-to-day affairs of the nation. This action was met by protests, strikes and work stoppages for months. By 1948, Prime Minister Skryabin flatly stated to George that unless something was done, he would resign his post, along with most of the cabinet. This would have led the Czar to appoint a new government, but with no popular support. Therefore, George announced his resignation, and his cousin Andrei would only accept the throne if it was approved by the people. The referendum, however close, was against the continuation of the monarchy, which was replaced with a republic. Skryabin was named the first President in 1948, and served for ten years in his post, before declining to run in the 1958 election. During this time, he managed to help restore Russia's economy, as well as modernize the armed forces and promote peace around the world, though later he joined the Juneau Pact, and became an ally of the United States of America, in 1955. In his later years after retirement, he became a highly respected statesmen, traveling around the world to promote his causes, and serving as a litigator in the end of the Venezuelan War. He died on New Years Day 1978 in his home in Sverdlovsk, Russia. His funeral was attended by dignitaries around the world, including the US President and the French Emperor, who set aside their differences to attend his funeral.

Speer, Albert

Bundesarchiv Bild 146II-277, Albert Speer

German leader Albert Speer, 1932

Berthold Konrad Hermann Albert Speer, better known as Albert Speer (July 7, 1900-September 6, 1980) was a German politician, head of the Center-Right "German Conservative Nationalist Movement", or the Deutsch konservativ-nationalistischen Bewegung, or DKNB, from 1929 at age 29 until being forced to flee to France when Ernst Röhm's German National Socialist Movement (Deutsche Nationalsozialismus-Vereinigung or DNSV) came to power in 1934.

After the Third Global War, Speer was named the head of the German Division of the Occupied Nations Rebuilding Committee, and as such was de facto leader of Germany from 1947 until 1959, when Charles de Gaulle succeeded Philippe Pétain as French Prime Minister, and Speer went into retirement. He died of natural causes in Munich in 1980.

Stein, Heinrich Friedrich Karl vom und zum

Heinrich Friedrich Karl Reichsfreiherr vom und zum Stein (25 October 1757 – 29 June 1831), commonly known as Baron vom Stein, was a Prussian Prime Minister and statesman who introduced reforms that paved the way for the reformation of Prussia. He promoted the abolition of serfdom, with indemnification to territorial lords; subjection of the nobles to manorial imposts; establishment of a representative body called the Reichstag; and the establishment of a modern municipal system.

Stein was from an old Franconian family. He was born on the family estate near Nassau, studied at Göttingen, and entered the civil service. Prussian conservatism hampered him in his efforts to bring about changes. It wasn't until after the defeat of Prussia in the Rhineland Conflict, and being named Prime Minister in 1807, he was he able to push the reforms he, Karl August von Hardenberg, Gerhard von Scharnhorst, August Neidhardt von Gneisenau and Hermann von Boyen had proposed. A reformation of the Army, the establishment of the first Reichstag, and a constitution which outlined the powers of the King, the Army and the elected body for the first time in history.

An attempted coup in 1811 against these reforms was Stein's greatest challenge, but he expertly handled the situation, and was proclaimed a hero after the suppression of the coup. He continued to serve as Prime Minister until 1813 when he was dismissed due to pressure by Napoleon, but he was asked to become Prime Minister again in 1818, and served until 1820. His friend Hardenberg succeeded him, and continued pushing for reforms until his retirement and death. Stein would later write several books on the subjects of the Prussian Army and the reforms.

Sutherland, Donald

800px-ROMY2011 a22 Donald Sutherland

Donald Sutherland, 2011

Donald Richard Sutherland (18 May 1939) is a famed Alysekan actor and voice actor in movies, TV shows and video games who has had a fifty year career. Famous roles include Pennsylvania Railroad (1960), D-Day (1971), Star Wars (1976), From France with Love (1987) and the 2008 remake of Invasion of America. One of his most well known roles was in the TV show Doctor Who as the feared villain "The Master" from 1971-1979. Since the 1990s, Sutherland also became known for voice acting in television shows (such as the 1990s Captain Starflyer), movies (Batman, 2009), and video games (Sword and Scrolls IV: Imperium, 2007)

T

Tesla, Nikola

Nikola Tesla (18 August 1853 - September 5 1939) was an Austro-Hungarian electrical engineer and inventor, and was instrumental in establishing the now standard Alternating Current (AC) electricity system, as well as work in creating wireless telegraphy and radios. Seen now as perhaps the most brilliant inventor of the "Technological Revolution," Tesla profited from his inventions and designs with his company, the Tesla Electric Company, which is now one of the biggest privately owned utilities and research and development firms in Europe.

U

V

Villeneuve, Pierre-Charles

Admiral Pierre-Charles Villeneuve (31 December 1763 – 3 May 1821) was a French naval officer most famous for his victory over Admiral Nelson at the Battle of Trafalgar. After the First Great European War he would stay with the French navy and reform it to be able to stand up to future English threats, as well as colonization endeavors of Emperor Napoleon.

W

X

Y

Z

Also on Fandom

Random Wiki