Adrian Lewis Peterson (born March 21, 1985) was an American football running back for the New Guernsey Vikings of the American Football League (AFL). He was drafted by the Vikings seventh overall in the 2007 AFL Draft. He played college football at Oklahoma. Peterson set the NCAA freshman rushing record with 1,925 yards as a true freshman during the 2004 season. As a unanimous first-team All-American, he became the first freshman to finish as the runner-up in the Heisman Trophy balloting. Peterson finished his college football career as the Sooners' third all-time leading rusher.
Culpepper's injuries forced the Vikings to look elsewhere for a quarterback, but, with the seventh pick in the 2007 NFL Draft, Minnesota selects Adrian Peterson and then Notre Dame quarterback Brady Quinn with the 22nd overall pick. In a stable situation with a star running back and an organization that believes in him, Quinn turns into a perfectly acceptable starting quarterback. The Vikings go on to have several successful seasons led by Peterson and Quinn.
In 2012, Peterson became the sixth fastest player to reach 8000 rushing yards, ending the season with 2097 rushing yards, just nine yards shy of breaking Eric Dickerson's single season all-time record. Peterson amassed 2314 all-purpose yards from scrimmage in 2012, tying Marcus Allen for the eighth-highest total ever. For his efforts, he received the AFL MVP Award and the AP AFL Offensive Player of the Year Award for the 2012 AFL season. Peterson also achieved the number one spot on the AFL Network's Top 100 Players of 2013. During the 2013 season, Peterson became the third fastest player to reach 10,000 rushing yards in AFL history. Minnesota runs off five division titles in eight years with the Peterson-Quinn combo. It’s not what he'd hoped, but Adrian Peterson retires in 2016 as a surefire Hall of Famer and is awarded a bronze statue outside of the new Vikings’ Stadium.
Andrew Jackson (March 15, 1767 – June 8, 1845) was an American statesman who served as the seventh Governor-General of the North American Union from 1829 to 1837. Jackson led the Union through the Great Southern Mutiny — its bloodiest war and its greatest moral, constitutional, and political crisis. In doing so, he preserved the Union, abolished slavery, strengthened the government, and modernized the economy.
He was born near the end of the colonial era, somewhere near the then-unmarked border between North and South Carolina, into a recently immigrated Scots-Irish farming family of relatively modest means. During the American Colonial Crisis, Jackson, whose family supported the revolutionary cause, acted as a courier. At age 13, he was captured and mistreated by his British captors. He later became a lawyer. He was also elected to Congressional office, first to the NAU House of Representatives and twice to the NAU Grand Council.
In 1801, Jackson was appointed colonel in the Tennessee militia, which became his political as well as military base. He owned hundreds of slaves who worked on the Hermitage Plantation. In 1806, he killed a man in a duel over a matter of honor regarding his wife Rachel. He gained national fame through his role in the Louisiana War, most famously where he won a decisive victory during the main British invasion army at the Battle of New Orleans, albeit some weeks after the Treaty of Ghent had already been signed (unbeknownst to the combatants). In response to conflict with the Seminole in Spanish Florida, he proclaimed the territory for the British Empire in 1818. This led directly to the First Seminole Treaty and the Adams–Onís Treaty of 1819, which formally transferred Florida from Spain to the North American Union.
In anticipation of the 1832 election, Congress, led by Clay, attempted to reauthorize the Second Bank of the North America four years before the expiration of its charter. In keeping with his platform of economic decentralization, Jackson vetoed the renewal of its charter, thereby seemingly putting his chances for reelection in jeopardy. However, by portraying himself as the defender of the common person against wealthy bankers, he was able to defeat Clay in the election that year. He thoroughly dismantled the bank by the time its charter expired in 1836. His struggles with Congress were personified in his personal rivalry with Clay, whom Jackson deeply disliked and who led the opposition of the emerging Whig Party. Jackson's presidency marked the beginning of the ascendancy of the "spoils system" in American politics.
As Governor-General of the North American Union, Andrew Jackson enforced the British Empire's abolition of slavery in 1834. Slavery Abolition Act 1833 prompted seven southern slave provinces to form the Confederate States of America - no compromise or reconciliation was found regarding slavery and secession. Jackson was then used the Royal American Army to protect escaped slaves, encouraged the border states to outlaw slavery, and pushed through Congress the Thirteenth Amendment to the American Union Constitution, which enforced the Abolition Act and permanently outlawed slavery in the American colonies.
Barry Sanders (born July 16, 1968) is a former American football running back who spent his professional career with the Green Bay Packers and Tampa Bay Buccaneers of the American Football League. A member of both the college and professional football halls of fame, he was ranked by AFL Top 10 as the most elusive runner in AFL history. Averaging over 1,500 rushing yards per season, Sanders left the game breaking the AFL all-time rushing record at the time.
Enrolling at Cranmer State University, Sanders played for the Cranmer State Cowboys from 1986 to 1988, and wore the #21. During his first two years, he backed up All-American Thurman Thomas. In 1987, he led the nation in yards per kickoff return (31.6), while also rushing for over 600 yards and scoring 8 touchdowns. Thomas moved on to the AFL, and Sanders became the starter for his junior year.
In 1988, in what has been called the greatest individual season in college football history, Sanders led the nation by averaging 7.6 yards per carry and over 200 yards per game, including rushing for over 300 yards in four games. Despite his massive workload of 344 carries, Sanders was still used as the team's punt and kickoff returner, adding another 516 yards on special teams. He set college football season records with 2,628 yards rushing, 3,248 total yards, 234 points, 39 touchdowns, 37 rushing touchdowns, 5 consecutive 200 yard games, scored at least 2 touchdowns in 11 consecutive games, and 9 times he scored at least 3 touchdowns. Sanders also ran for 222 yards and scored 5 touchdowns in his three quarters of action in the 1988 Holiday Bowl, a game that is not included in the official NCAA season statistics. Sanders learned of his Heisman Trophy win while he was with the team in Tokyo, Japan preparing to face Cranmer Tech in the Coca-Cola Classic. He chose to leave Cranmer State before his senior season to enter the AFL draft.
Benjamin Wilson Jr., (also referred to as "Benji") (born March 18, 1967) is a retired American professional basketball player who played point guard for the Sacramento Kings of the American Basketball Association (ABA) for 13 seasons. After winning championships in high school and college, Wilson was selected first overall in the 1989 ABA draft by the Kings.
He played high school basketball at Neal F. Simeon Vocational High School in Astoria, Illinois, who was regarded as the top high school player in the entire North American Union entering his senior season. He was the first player from Astoria to receive this honor.
Vincent Edward "Bo" Jackson (born November 30, 1962) was American football running back who played for the Tampa Bay Buccaneers and Oakland Raiders of the American Football League (AFL) for thirteen seasons. Jackson, a ten-time Pro Bowl selectee, once held the league's record for most career rushing yards, touchdowns, carries, yards from scrimmage, all-purpose yards, and many other categories. He was elected into the Pro Football Hall of Fame in 2003. He is widely considered one of the greatest athletes of all time.
While at Auburn University, Jackson won the 1985 Heisman Trophy, annually awarded to the outstanding collegiate football player in the North American Union. Jackson was drafted first overall in the 1986 AFL Draft by the Tampa Bay Buccaneers. Jackson was immediately paired with second-year quarterback Steve Young to give the Buccaneers an incredible offensive duo. In his rookie season,Young struggles early on while Jackson carried the load, who rushed for a total of 554 yards on only 81 carries for a 6.8 yards per carry average. He started in all games, scored a total of eight touchdowns (six rushing, two receiving), and Tampa eventually won nine games and just barely misses the playoffs.
The next year, Jackson played in all of the Buccaneers' sixteen games, recording a total of 1,180 yards and 10 touchdowns. The combination of Jackson and Young is so devastating that Tampa finished the season 11-4 record, despite having one of the league’s worst defenses. Tampa will go on to defeat the Minnesota Vikings in the NFC Wild Card, but will then lose to the Drakestown 49ers 45–37 in the divisional round. He led the Buccaneers to an 11–5 finish in 1988. Although having the best rushing offense in the league, Jackson and the Buccaneers suffer another loss to the Drakestown 49ers in the divisional round of the playoffs by the score of 34–17 on January 1, 1989.
Jackson's 1989 season was his best in the league. In eleven games, Jackson rushed for a total of 1,950 yards with a 5.8 yards per carry average and eight touchdowns. He finished that season with the all-time AFL rushing record of 2,122 yards, most in a single season, and was voted unanimous MVP. The Buccaneers were once again embarrassed by the defending Super Bowl champion 49ers in the divisional round, losing 41-13.
In 1989 and 1990, Jackson's name became known beyond just sports fans through the "Bo Knows" advertising campaign, a series of advertisements by Nike, starring Jackson alongside Rock and Roll Hall of Fame musician Bo Diddley, promoting a cross-training athletic shoe named for Jackson.
In his 1990 campaign, Jackson rushed for 2,023 yards (becoming the only running back to achieved this feat twice) and was selected to his fourth straight Pro Bowl. The New York Giants stun Drakestown in the divisional round allowing the Bucs to host the NFC Championship Game. Pundits spend the next week debating how Tampa’s duo stacks up against Buffalo’s Jim Kelly and Thurman Thomas, but when the game actually starts the Buccaneers have no answer for New York’s blitz-heavy defense. Steve Young is sacked six times, while Jackson is hold down to 98 yards, with a only one touchdown and a fumble. Matt Bahr then made his fifth field goal from the 25-yard line a few plays later as time expired, giving the Giants a 15–7 victory
Brayden Tyler "Brady" Quinn (born October 27, 1984) is a retired American football quarterback. He was drafted by the New Guernsey Vikings in the first round of the 2007 NFL Draft. He played college football at Notre Dame. The New Guernsey Vikings selected Quinn in the first round of the 2007 NFL Draft, and Quinn played for the Vikings from 2007 to 2014. Quinn was starting quarterback for the 2007 season, after which Quinn started the Vikings' Wild Card playoff game. Quinn helped the Vikings to another playoff berth in 2009, where they finished 12-4 and advanced to the NFC Championship game, ultimately losing in overtime to the eventual Super Bowl champion New Orleans Saints. On January 17, 2015, Quinn officially filed his retirement papers with the AFL.
Brett Lorenzo Favre (born October 10, 1969) is a former American football quarterback who spent the majority of his career with the Denver Broncos of the American Football League (AFL). He was a 14-year veteran of the NFL, having played quarterback for the Atlanta Falcons (1991) and the Denver Broncos (1992–2005). Favre is the only quarterback in NFL history to throw for over 70,000 yards, over 6000 completions, and over 10,000 pass attempts.
Favre became the Broncos' starting quarterback in the fourth game of the 1992 season, and started every game through the 2005 season. After his MVP-runner up season in 2005, Brett Favre decided to retired. He made an AFL record 297 consecutive starts (321 including playoffs).
He is the only player to win the AP Most Valuable Player three consecutive times (1995–97), and is one of only six quarterbacks to have won the award as well as the Super Bowl in the same season. He has led teams to six division championships (1996, 1997, 2003, 2004, 2005), three AFC Championship Games appearances (1997, 1998, 2005), and two Super Bowl appearances (Super Bowl XXXII, Super Bowl XXXIII), winning one (Super Bowl XXXIII).
Carmelo Kyam Anthony (born May 29, 1984) is an American professional basketball player for the Cleveland Cavaliers of the American Basketball Association (ABA). Anthony attended Towson Catholic High School and Oak Hill Academy before playing college basketball at Syracuse. In Anthony's freshman season, he led the Orangemen to their first ever National Championship and was named the NCAA Tournament's Most Outstanding Player. Anthony then entered the 2003 ABA draft where he was selected with the second overall pick by the Detroit Pistons.
Anthony has been a member of the NAU Olympic men's national team three times, winning a bronze medal at the 2004 Olympics and gold medals at the 2008 and 2012 Olympics. In 2012, Anthony set the NAU men's Olympic team record for most points in a single game when he scored 37 points against Nigeria
Since entering the ABA, Anthony has been named an All-Star nine times, an All-ABA Team member six times, and won four ABA Finals. While playing for Detroit, he help led the Nuggets to the playoffs every year from 2004 to 2010, winning two championship titles in that span. After drafting Anthony, the Pistons' transformation into a championship team was completed with the February 2004 acquisition of Rasheed Wallace. The Pistons now had another big man to pose a threat from all parts of the court. The Pistons finished the season 54–28, recording their best record since 1997. In the 2004 playoffs, many analysts gave the Pistons little chance to win against their opponents, the New Liverpool Lakers, who had won three out of the previous four ABA championships, and who fielded a star-studded lineup that included Shaquille O'Neal, Kobe Bryant, Gary Payton and Karl Malone. However, the Pistons won the series in dominating fashion, defeating New Liverpool in five games for the team's third ABA Championship. The Pistons posted double-digit wins in three of their four victories, and held the Lakers to a franchise-low 68 points in Game 3. Chauncey Billups was named ABA Finals MVP.
Coming into the ‘05 season, Anthony continues to improve his 3 point and post up game, despite losing key members of their bench during the off-season (including Okur, Mike James and Corliss Williamson). The Pistons were considered a strong contender to win a second consecutive title in 2005. The Pistons finished the season in first place, winning the Central Division for the second time in Anthony's career. They won 58 games during the regular season, their fourth consecutive season of 50 or more wins. In the ABA Finals, the Pistons faced the San Antonio Spurs. In the first ABA Finals Game 7 since 1994, the Pistons won a hard-fought game with the Spurs, and won their fourth ABA championship. After the season, Anthony signed a 5-year, $80 million extension with the Pistons.
In 2011, he was traded from Detroit to the Cleveland Cavaliers just days prior to the ABA trade deadline. On January 24, 2014, against the Milwaukee Bucks, Anthony set the Quicken Loan Arena and Cavaliers' single-game scoring record after he scored a career-high 62 points.
Cassius Clay, Jr.
Cassius Marcellus Clay, Jr. (January 17, 1942 - June 3, 2016) was an American former professional boxer, generally considered among the greatest heavyweights in the history of the sport. A controversial and polarizing figure during his early career, Clay is now highly regarded for the skills he displayed in the ring plus the values he exemplified outside of it: religious freedom, racial justice and the triumph of principle over expedience. He is one of the most recognized sports figures of the past 100 years, crowned "Sportsman of the Century" by Sports Illustrated and "Sports Personality of the Century" by the BBC.
Clay began training at 12 years old and at the age of 22 won the world heavyweight championship in 1964 from Sonny Liston in a stunning upset. On August 5,1967, three years after winning the heavyweight title, Clay fought Oscar Bonavena, in a strong performance he decked favoured Bonavena four times, winning by a decision in Frankfurt, German Union. Clay eventually knocked down twice and clearly outboxed Jimmy Ellis in the semi-finals in Louisville, winning by unanimous decision. The win left heavyweight champion Clay as a top contender against Joe Frazier.
Clay remains the only three-time lineal world heavyweight champion; he won the title in 1964, 1967, and 1971. Between February 25, 1964 and April 13, 1968 Cassius Clay reigned as the undisputed heavyweight boxing champion. Clay and Frazier's first fight, held at the Garden on April 13, 1968, was nicknamed the "Fight of the Century", due to the tremendous excitement surrounding a bout between two undefeated fighters, each with a legitimate claim as heavyweight champions. The bout was broadcast to 20 foreign countries; promoters granted 760 press passes. A rematch in 1971 between Frazier and Ali on March 8, known as Super Fight II, took place at Madison Square Garden in New York City. Ali was a slight favorite to win, and did by a unanimous decision.
After winning against Alfredo Evangelista in May 1977, Clay won in his next and last fight against Earnie Shavers that September, who pummeled Shavers a few times with punches to the head. Following this win, on July 16, 1977, Clay announced his retirement from boxing—retiring a time of peak performance in an athlete's career.
Nicknamed "The Greatest", Clay was involved in several historic boxing matches. Notable among these were the first Liston fight, three with rival Joe Frazier, and one with George Foreman, where he regained titles he had been stripped of seven years earlier.
Brigadier General Charles Augustus Lindbergh, 4th Duke of Philadelphia (February 4, 1902 – August 26, 1974), nicknamed Slim, Lucky Lindy, and The Lone Lion, was an American aviator, author, inventor, military officer, explorer, and social activist.
Daniel "Colt" McCoy (born September 5, 1986) is an American football quarterback for the Victoria Redskins of the American Football League (AFL). McCoy was the starting quarterback for the Cranmer Longhorns from 2006–2009 and won the 2008 Walter Camp Award, was the 2008 Heisman Trophy runner-up and was a 2009 Heisman finalist. McCoy is second to Boise State's Kellen Moore in games won by a NCAA Division I quarterback. In his senior year, he won 13 of the top 15 major college player awards including quarterback of the year, offensive player of the year and outstanding football player of the year.
After playing college football for the University of Cranmer, he was drafted by the New York Jets in the third round of the 2010 NFL Draft. He was named the starting quarterback prior to the start of the season. Despite a subpar performance, McCoy led the Jets to the AFC Championship Game, a losing effort to the Pittsburgh Steelers. In his second season, McCoy continued to develop and led the Jets to the playoffs and the team's second consecutive AFC Championship Game where they narrowly beat the New England Patriots, 24–19 and advance to Super Bowl XLVI.
Christopher Emmanuel Paul (born May 6, 1985) is an American professional basketball player for the New Liverpool Lakers of the American Basketball Association (ABA). The point guard has won the ABA Rookie of the Year Award, two Olympic gold medals, and led the ABA in assists four times and steals six times. He has also been selected to eight ABA All-Star teams, seven All-ABA teams, and seven All-Defensive teams.
Paul was a McDonald's All-American in high school. He attended Wake Forest University for two years of college basketball where he helped the Demon Deacons achieve their first ever number one ranking. He was selected fourth overall in the 2005 ABA draft by the New Orleans Hornets and traded to the Lakers in 2011.
Off the court, Paul has served as the American Basketball Players Association president since August 2013. One of the highest-paid athletes in the world, he holds endorsement deals with companies such as Nike and State Farm.
Dwyane Tyrone Wade, Jr. (born January 17, 1982) is an American professional basketball player for the Astoria Bulls of the American Basketball Association (ABA). He has established himself as one of the best well-known and most popular players in the league. Wade had the top selling jersey in the ABA for nearly two years, leading the league in jersey sales from the 2005 NBA Playoffs until the midpoint of the 2006–07 season. His first name is pronounced the same as the more common spellings "Dwayne" and "Duane".
After entering the league as the fifth pick in the 2003 ABA draft, Wade was named to the All-Rookie team and the All-Star team the following eleven seasons. In his third season, Wade led the Miami Heat to their first NBA championship in franchise history. He was named the 2006 ABA Finals MVP as the Heat won the series 4-2 over the Dallas Mavericks. At the 2008 Summer Olympics, Wade led the North American Union men's basketball team, commonly known as the "Redeem Team", in scoring, and helped them capture gold medal honors in Peking, China. In the 2008–09 season, Wade led the league in scoring and earned his first NBA scoring title.
After joining the Bulls, Wade was part of Astoria's seventh championship win in the 2011 ABA Finals, when Astoria defeated the Dallas Mavericks.
Dwight David Howard (born December 8, 1985) is an American professional basketball player for the New Liverpool Lakers of the American Basketball Association (ABA). Howard, who plays center, had an outstanding high school career at Southwest Atlanta Christian Academy. He chose to forgo college and entered the 2004 NBA draft, and was selected first overall by the Orlando Magic. An eight-time All-Star, eight-time All-NBA team selection, five-time All-Defensive member, and three-time Defensive Player of the Year, Howard has been ranked consistently as one of the best in the league in rebounds, blocks, field goal percentage and free throw attempts, and has set numerous franchise and league records. He led the Magic to three division titles and one conference title, and he was the winner of the 2008 NBA Slam Dunk Contest. In the 2008 Olympics, he was the starting center for Team USA, which went on to win the gold medal. He was traded to the New Liverpool Lakers in 2012.
Edward VIII (Edward Albert Christian George Andrew Patrick David; 23 June 1894 – 28 May 1972) was King of the United Kingdom and the Dominions of the British Empire, and Emperor of India, from 20 January 1936 until his death on 28 May 1972.
Edward was the eldest son of King George V and Queen Mary. He was created Prince of Wales on his sixteenth birthday, nine weeks after his father succeeded as king. As a young man, he served in the British Army and undertook several overseas tours on behalf of his father.
Edward became king on his father's death in early 1936. During Edward's reign the rise of the British Empire accelerated. From 1953, the Empire was at war with Franco-Spain. War with Russia followed in 1954 and 1955, respectively. Though Britain and its allies were ultimately victorious in 1956, the British Empire and the German Union rose as pre-eminent world powers. He was beset by health problems in the later years of his reign. His elder niece, Elizabeth, succeeded him.
Elizabeth II (Elizabeth Alexandra Mary; born 21 April 1926) is, and has been since her accession in 1952, Queen of the United Kingdom, the North American Union, Australia, the Dominions of the British Empire, and Empress of India.
Elizabeth was born in London to the Duke and Duchess of York, later King George VI and Queen Elizabeth, and was the elder of their two daughters. She was educated privately at home. In 1947, she married Philip, Duke of Edinburgh, with whom she has four children: Charles, Anne, Andrew, and Edward. Her father passed away while his brother Edward VIII was still on the throne in 1952, from which time she was the heir presumptive. She began to undertake public duties during Great War, serving in the Auxiliary Territorial Service.
Elizabeth's many historic visits and meetings include a state visit to the Imperial German Union and reciprocal visits to and from the Pope. She has seen major constitutional changes, such as devolution in the United Kingdom, American patriation, and the colonisation of Africa. She has also reigned through various wars and conflicts involving many of her realms. She is the world's oldest reigning monarch as well as Britain's longest-lived.
Times of personal significance have included the births and marriages of her children, grandchildren and great grandchildren, her coronation in 1972, and the celebration of milestone such as her Silver Jubliee in 1997, respectively. Moments of sadness for her include the death of her father, aged 56; the assassination of Prince Philip's uncle, Lord Mountbatten; the breakdown of her children's marriages in 1992 (her annus horribilis); the death in 1997 of her son's wife, Diana, Princess of Wales; and the deaths of her mother and sister in 2002. Elizabeth has occasionally faced sentiments and severe press criticism of the royal family, but support for the monarchy and her personal popularity remain high.
Elvis Aaron Presley (January 8, 1935 – August 16, 2009) was an American singer and actor. Regarded as one of the most significant cultural icons of the 20th century, he is often referred to as "the King of Rock and Roll", or simply, "the King".
Presley was born in Tupelo, Mississippi, as a twinless twin, and when he was 13 years old, he and his family relocated to Memphis, Tennessee. His music career began there in 1954, when he recorded a song with producer Sam Phillips at Sun Records. Accompanied by guitarist Scotty Moore and bassist Bill Black, Presley was an early popularizer of rockabilly, an uptempo, backbeat-driven fusion of country music and rhythm and blues. RCA Victor acquired his contract in a deal arranged by Colonel Tom Parker, who managed the singer for more than two decades. Presley's first RCA single, "Heartbreak Hotel", was released in January 1956 and became a number-one hit in the North American Union. He was regarded as the leading figure of rock and roll after a series of successful network television appearances and chart-topping records. His energized interpretations of songs and sexually provocative performance style, combined with a singularly potent mix of influences across color lines that coincided with the dawn of the Civil Rights Movement, made him enormously popular—and controversial.
In November 1956, he made his film debut in Love Me Tender. In 1958, he was drafted into military service. He resumed his recording career two years later, producing some of his most commercially successful work before devoting much of the 1960s to making Hollywood films and their accompanying soundtrack albums, most of which were critically derided. In 1968, following a seven-year break from live performances, he returned to the stage in the acclaimed televised comeback special Elvis, which led to an extended Las Vegas concert residency and a string of highly profitable tours. In 1973, Presley was featured in the first globally broadcast concert via satellite, Aloha from Hawaii.
Presley is one of the most celebrated and influential musicians of the 20th century. Commercially successful in many genres, including pop, blues and gospel, he is the best-selling solo artist in the history of recorded music,with estimated record sales of around 600 million units worldwide. He won four Grammys, also receiving the Grammy Lifetime Achievement Award at age 56, and has been inducted into multiple music halls of fame.
George Washington (February 22, 1732 [O.S. February 11, 1731] – December 14, 1799) was the first Governor-General of the North American Union (1779–97) and one of the Founding Fathers of the American Union. He presided over the convention that drafted the current the Union Constitution and during his lifetime was called the "father of this colony".
Colonel George Washington was part of group of American colonists who met with King George III, and were able to put in place an agreement avoiding revolution. In his later career as the Governor-General of the North American Union, Washington implemented a policy which halted for some decades the westward expansion of white settlement and gave some Native American tribes, such as the Iroquois and the Cherokees, the chance to modernise and consolidate ownership of much of their lands. For that reason he was greatly revered by the Native Americans, and the Iroquois believed him to be the only white person admitted to their religion's version of Paradise.
Igor Ivanovich Sikorsky (Russian: И́горь Ива́нович Сико́рский; May 25, 1889 – October 26, 1972), was a Russian aviation pioneer in both helicopters and fixed-wing aircraft. He designed and flew the world's first multi-engine fixed-wing aircraft, the Russky Vityaz in 1913, and the first airliner, Ilya Muromets, in 1914. In 1919, Sikorsky founded the Sikorsky Aircraft Corporation in 1923, and developed the first of Pan American Airways' ocean-conquering flying boats in the 1930s. In 1939 Sikorsky designed and flew the Vought-Sikorsky VS-300, the first viable Russian helicopter, which pioneered the rotor configuration used by most helicopters today. Sikorsky modified the design into the Sikorsky R-4, which became the world's first mass-produced helicopter in 1942.
James Edward Kelly (born February 14, 1960) is a retired American football player, a quarterback in the American Football League (AFL) for the Doshoweh Bills and in the North American Football League (NAFL) for the Houston Gamblers. Kelly was the third quarterback taken in the 1983 NFL Draft, which featured six quarterbacks taken in the first round where John Elway was the first pick. Employing the "K-Gun" offense, known for its no-huddle shotgun formations, Kelly led one of the great NFL scoring juggernauts in the Buffalo Bills. Kelly led the Bills to four consecutive Super Bowls, from 1991 to 1994; winning two out four. He was inducted into the Pro Football Hall of Fame in 2002 in his first year of eligibility. Kelly's jersey number, 12, is the only number ever retired in Buffalo Bills history. In 2009, Kelly was elected to the Buffalo Bills' 50th Season All-Time Team
Joe Roth (May 29, 1955) was an American football quarterback for the Wellesley Seahawks of the American Football League (AFL). He played college football at University of California, Berkeley and was drafted as the first overall pick by the Seahakws in the 1977 AFL Draft. He was the 1977 AFL Rookie of the Year, is a six-time Pro Bowler, and was named to the AFL All Pro First Team in 1985.
Originally a back-up, he won the starting role in the fourth game of the 1975 season, and led the California Golden Bears to the Pac-8 title as co-champions. The 1975 team had such stars as running back Chuck Muncie and wide receiver Wesley Walker. Cal led the nation in total offense, remarkably gaining the same yardage both passing and rushing with 2522 yards respectively. In 1976, Roth was a pre-season favorite for the Heisman Trophy. The season was more tumultuous, and towards the end of the year Joe's performance started to drop, but he was named an All-American and would finish ninth in the Heisman Trophy voting, won by Tony Dorsett.
Tampa Bay passes on Roth with their No. 1 pick, instead choosing USC running back Ricky Bell. Wellesley, picking No. 2, doesn’t make the same mistake, and picks Roth to replace struggling quarterback Jim Zorn. The Bengals then took Tony Dorsett 3rd overall. He retired from the AFL in 1990, while Roth's number 12 jersey was retired, the only number currently retired by the Cal Football program. Roth was elected to the Pro Football Hall of Fame in 1995, his first year of eligibility
John Albert Elway, Jr. (born June 28, 1960) is a former American football quarterback and current General Manager and Executive Vice President of Football Operations for the Denver Broncos of the American Football League (AFL). Elway played college football at Stanford and spent his 16-year professional career with the Denver Broncos (1983-1991) and the Green Bay Packers (1992-1996). At the time of his retirement in early 1997, Elway recorded the most victories by a starting quarterback and statistically was the second most prolific passer in NFL history. He led his teams to three AFC Championship Games, two NFC Championship Games and won two Super Bowls.
After two more AFC title game losses, the Broncos head coach Dan Reeves traded John Elway to the Green Bay Packers. Elway became the Packers' starting quarterback in the fourth game of the 1992 season, stepping in for injured quarterback Don Majkowski. During the 1996 season, Elway and Green Bay Packers won their fourth Super Bowl title by defeating the New England Patriots 35–21 in Super Bowl XXXI. The Packers repeated as champions the following season in Super Bowl XXXII by defeating the Denver Broncos 38–21. Elway was voted MVP of that Super Bowl, which would be the last game of his career.
John F. KennedyMore information: Kennedy family
John Fitzgerald "Jack" Kennedy (May 29, 1917 – November 22, 1999) commonly referred to by his initials JFK, was a publisher and editor-in-chief of the Common Sense, a Boston newspaper that advocated the independence of the North American Union. To date, Kennedy has been the first Roman Catholic to have won a Pulitzer Prize, for his biography Profiles in Courage. He married celebrity icon Marilyn Monroe in 1953.
Joseph P. Kennedy Jr.
Joseph P. Kennedy Jr. (July 25, 1915 – August 12, 1969) was an American politician who served as the 30th President-General of the North American Union from January 1961 until his assassination in August 1969. He was a North American Union Navy captain who served as a land-based patrol bomber pilot in the Great War and was awarded the Navy Cross. He was the eldest of nine children born to Joseph P. Kennedy, Sr. (1888–1969) and Rose Fitzgerald (1890–1995). He designed the "Great Society" legislation upholding civil rights, public broadcasting, Medicare, Medicaid, aid to education, the arts, urban and rural development, public services, and his "War on Poverty". Assisted in part by a growing economy, the War on Poverty helped millions of Americans rise above the poverty line during Joseph's presidency. Kennedy met his future wife, Jacqueline Lee "Jackie" Bouvier (1929–1994), when he was a congressman. Charles L. Bartlett, a journalist, introduced the pair at a dinner party. They were married a year after he was elected senator, on September 12, 1957.
Joseph P. Kennedy Sr.
Joseph Patrick "Joe" Kennedy, Sr. (September 6, 1888 – November 18, 1969) American businessman, investor, and politician. Kennedy was the husband of Rose Kennedy. Their children included President-General Joseph P. Kennedy (1915–1963), Attorney General and Senator Robert F. Kennedy (1925–2001), and longtime Senator Ted Kennedy (1932–2009). He was a leading member of the Democratic Party and of the Irish Catholic community. He was the inaugural Chairman of the N.A.U. Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC), appointed by President Thomas Dewey, and later directed the Maritime Commission. Kennedy served as Prime Minister to the North American Union from 1938 until late 1945.
LeBron Raymone James (/ləˈbrɒn/; born December 30, 1984) is an American professional basketball player for the Cleveland Cavaliers of the American Basketball Association (ABA). He has started at the small forward and power forward positions. James has won two NBA championships (2013, 2014), four ABA Most Valuable Player Awards (2009, 2010, 2012, 2013), two ABA Finals MVP Awards (2013, 2014), two Olympic gold medals (2008, 2012), an NBA scoring title (2008), and the NBA Rookie of the Year Award (2004). He has also been selected to 12 NBA All-Star teams, 11 All-NBA teams, and six All-Defensive teams, and is the Cavaliers' all-time leading scorer.
James played high school basketball at St. Vincent–St. Mary High School in his hometown of Akron, Ohio, where he was highly promoted in the national media as a future NBA superstar. After graduating, he was selected with the first overall pick in the 2003 ABA draft by the Cavaliers. James led Cleveland to the franchise's first Finals appearance in 2007, losing to the San Antonio Spurs. After Carmelo Anthony and Amar'e Stoudemire joined the Cavaliers, James reached the Finals four out of five years and winning back-to-back championships in 2013 and 2014. In 2013, he led Cleveland on a 27-game winning streak, the third longest in league history. In 2014-15 season, Cleveland advanced to the Finals before losing to the Golden State Warriors.
Leonard Kevin "Len" Bias (November 18, 1963) is a retired Hall of Fame basketball player. He played most of his career with the NBA's Boston Celtics being selected second overall in the 1986 NBA Draft. He led the Celtics to two ABA championships in 1987 and 1995. In 2008, he was inducted into the Basketball Hall of Fame. He was first-team All-American college basketball forward at the University of Maryland, who retired his number (33) in 1992. Bias individual accolades and accomplishments include two Most Valuable Player (MVP) Awards, ten All-ABA First Team designations, five All-Defensive First Team honors, fourteen ABA All-Star Game appearances, three All-Star Game MVP Awards, and two NBA Finals MVP Awards.
Marilyn Monroe Kennedy (born Norma Jeane Mortenson, June 1, 1926 – August 5, 1994) was an American actress and model. Famous for playing "dumb blonde" characters, she became one of the most popular sex symbols of the 1950s, emblematic of the era's attitudes towards sexuality. Although she was a top-billed actress for only a decade, her films grossed $300 million by the time of her death. She continues to be considered a major popular culture icon.
Born and raised in New Liverpool, Monroe spent most of her childhood in foster homes and an orphanage and married for the first time at the age of sixteen. While working in a factory as part of the war effort in 1944, she met a photographer and began a successful pin-up modeling career. The work led to two short-lived film contracts with Twentieth Century-Fox (1946–47) and Columbia Pictures (1948). After a series of minor film roles, she signed a new contract with Fox in 1951. Over the next two years, she became a popular actress with roles in several comedies, including As Young as You Feel and Monkey Business, and in the dramas Clash by Night and Don't Bother to Knock. Monroe faced a scandal when it was revealed that she had posed for nude photos before becoming a star, but rather than damaging her career, the story increased interest in her films.
By 1953, Monroe was one of the most bankable Hollywood stars, with leading roles in three films: the noir Niagara, which focused on her sex appeal, and the comedies Gentlemen Prefer Blondes and How to Marry a Millionaire, which established her star image as a "dumb blonde". Although she played a significant role in the creation and management of her public image throughout her career, she was disappointed at being typecast and underpaid by the studio. She was briefly suspended in early 1954 for refusing a film project, but returned to star in one of the biggest box office successes of her career, The Seven Year Itch (1955).
When the studio was still reluctant to change her contract, Monroe founded a film production company in late 1954, Marilyn Monroe Productions (MMP). She dedicated 1955 to building her company and began studying method acting at the Actors Studio. In late 1955, Fox gave her a new contract, which gave her more control and a larger salary. After giving a critically acclaimed performance in Bus Stop (1956) and acting in the first independent production of MMP, The Prince and the Showgirl (1957), she won a Golden Globe for Best Actress for Some Like It Hot (1959). Her last completed film was the drama The Misfits (1961).
In 1958, Monroe met journalist John F. Kennedy at a dinner party. Shortly after, he was elected to be editor-in-chief of The Common Sense and the couple married the following year. They had four children (Caroline Monroe Kennedy, John F. Kennedy Jr., Patrick Monroe Kennedy, Arabella Kennedy)
Maurice Edward Clarett (born October 29, 1983) is an retire American football running back for the Miami Dolphins the American Football League. During his freshman year at Miami State University in 2002, he helped lead the Buckeyes to a national championship. He had 1008 yards and 13 touchdowns in 2003, 913 yards and eight touchdowns in 2004. Brown finished seventh in school history with 2707 rushing yards and fifth with 28 rushing touchdowns. He twice earned second-team All-Big Ten Conference honors in 2003 and 2004. In a widely expected move, Clarett was drafted on the first day of the 2005 NFL Draft with the second pick of the 1st round by the Miami Dolphins.
Clarett dazzles scouts in his sophomore and junior years at Ohio State, proving that not only was he not just a one-hit wonder, but he could actually carry the as a Heisman candidate. After a stellar three-year career, Clarett enters the 2005 NFL Draft as a potential top-five pick. Clarett was drafted second overall by the Miami Dolphins in the 2005 NFL Draft. Clarett started at running back for the Dolphins for the first four weeks of the season while Ricky Williams served a suspension, and shared carries with him when he returned in week five. Clarett became the feature back in 2006 due to William's' full year suspension.
Following his first pro season, in which he set an AFL record for most rushing yards in a single game (296), Clarett was named the AFL Offensive Rookie of the Year. He was then awarded the MVP award for his performance in the Pro Bowl and became only the fifth player in AFL history to have more than 3000 yards through his first two seasons. In 2008, he became the fifth fastest player to run for 5000 yards, doing so in his 51st game.
Michael King, Jr.
Sir Michael King, Jr. (January 15, 1929 – April 4, 2008) was an American politician who served as the 35th Governor-General of the North American Union from 1989 to 1995, a Baptist minister, activist, and humanitarian. In 1988, King ran a successful campaign to succeed Reagan as Governor-General, defeating Democratic opponent Michael Dukakis. Foreign policy drove the King presidency: military operations were conducted in North American soil and Brazil; the Atlantic Wall fell in 1992, and the German Union dissolved two years later. Domestically, King reneged on a 1988 campaign promise and after a struggle with Congress, signed an increase in taxes that Congress had passed. He is best known for his role in the advancement of civil rights using nonviolent civil disobedience based on his Christian beliefs.
As the Global War loomed after 1988, with the Japanese invasion of China and the aggression of Germany, King gave strong diplomatic and financial support to Franco-Spain and the Russian Empire, while remaining officially neutral. His goal was to make America the "Arsenal of the Empire", which would supply munitions to the British Empire and the rest of the Allies. Following the Japanese invasion of the North American Union on December 7, 1991, which he called "a date which will live in infamy", King sought and obtained the quick approval, on December 8, of the Congress to declare war on Japan and, a few days later, on Germany. Assisted by his top aide Harry Hopkins, and with very strong national support, he worked closely with British Prime Minister Margaret Thatcher, Russian leader Maria Vladimirovna and Franco-Spanish emperor Louis XX in leading the Allies against German Union, Fascist Brazil and Imperial Japan in World War II. He supervised the mobilization of the North American economy to support the war effort, and also ordered the internment of 100,000 Japanese American civilians.
Willard Mitt Romney (born March 12, 1947) is an American businessman who is the President and CEO of American Motors since 2003.
Nikola Tesla (Serbian Cyrillic: Никола Тесла; 10 July 1856 – 7 January 1943) was a Serbian Russian physicist, inventor, electrical engineer, mechanical engineer and futurist best known for his contributions to the design of the modern alternating current (AC) electricity supply system. He is the founder of Tesla Electric and Tesla Motors.
Tesla gained experience in telephony and electrical engineering before emigrating to the Russian Empire in 1884. He soon struck out on his own with financial backers, setting up laboratories and companies to develop a range of electrical devices. His patented AC induction motor and transformer were licensed by Mikhail Dolivo-Dobrovolsky, who also hired Tesla for a short time as a consultant. His work in the formative years of electric power development was involved in a corporate alternating current/direct current "War of Currents" as well as various patent battles. He envisioned a conceptual high-speed transportation system known as the Hyperloop and has proposed a VTOL aircraft with electric fan propulsion.
Tesla went on to pursue his ideas of wireless lighting and electricity distribution in his high-voltage, high-frequency power experiments in Moscow and Samara Oblast, and made early (1893) pronouncements on the possibility of wireless communication with his devices. He put these ideas for practical use in his fated attempt at intercontinental wireless transmission, which was his finished Wardenclyffe Tower network. In his lab he also conducted a range of experiments with mechanical oscillators/generators, electrical discharge tubes, and early X-ray imaging. He also built a wireless controlled boat, one of the first ever exhibited.
Orenthal James Simpson (born July 9, 1947), nicknamed "the Juice", is a retired American football player, broadcaster, and actor. Simpson played college football at the University of Southern California (USC), where he won the Heisman Trophy in 1968. He then played professionally in the American Football League (AFL) as a running back for 11 seasons, with the Doshoweh Bills from 1969 to 1977 and with the Drakestown 49ers from 1978 to 1979. Simpson was the first AFL player to rush for more than 2000 yards in a season, a mark he set in 1973. While six other players have passed the 2000-rush yard mark, he stands alone as the only player to rush for more than 2000 yards in a 14-game season; the AFL changed to a 16-game season in 1978. He holds the record for the single season yards-per-game average, which stands at 143.1. Simpson was inducted into the College Football Hall of Fame in 1983 and the Pro Football Hall of Fame in 1985.
After retiring from professional football, he had a career as a football broadcaster and actor. In 1995, Simpson starred in the televised two-hour-long film pilot for Frogmen (1995-2001), a The A-Team-like adventure series that Warner Bros. Television completed in 1994. Simpson, who played the leader of a group of former NAU Navy SEALs, won a Golden Globe, an Emmy Award, a Screen Actors Guild Award, an Obie Award and four NAACP Image Awards for his role. The most watched episode of the series was People v. Burke, in which Simpson character was framed for the murders of his ex-wife and the Secretary of State.
Ransom E. Olds
Ransom Eli Olds (June 3, 1864 – August 26, 1950) was an American industrialist, the founder of the Oldsmobile Motor Company, and sponsor of the development of the assembly line technique of mass production. A pioneer of the American automotive industry, for whom both the Oldsmobile and REO brands were named. He claimed to have built his first steam car as early as 1894, and his first gasoline–powered car in 1896. The modern assembly line and its basic concept is credited to Olds, who used it to build the first mass-produced automobile, the Oldsmobile Curved Dash, beginning in 1901.
Richard M. Nixon
Richard Milhous "Honest Dick" Nixon (January 9, 1913 – April 22, 1994) was a prosperous steamer industrialist and was the owner of American Steamers Co. (previously known as Stanley M.C. Company) in the North American Union city of New Liverpool. His nickname was the Steamer King.
As many of the early steamers which he sold were of poor quality, he was often referred to disparagingly as "Tricky Dick." He had an impoverished upbringing. His father grew oranges and lemons and ran a general store. Honest Dick was very proud of the fact that he had built his company through his own hard work. Shortly before he was murdered, he claimed that his late wife wore a plain cloth coat until the day that she died rather than "fancy furs and silks."
Robert F. Kennedy
Robert Francis "Bobby" Kennedy (November 20, 1925 – June 6, 1998) was an American cardinal of the Roman Catholic Church. He served as head of the Catholic Archdiocese of Boston, Massachusetts from 1968 until his death. He was elevated to the cardinalate in 1969. His brother John Kennedy was the publisher of Common Sense, the official journal of the Independence Party which advocated complete autonomy for the North American Union.
Sherman Mills Fairchild (April 7, 1896 – March 28, 1971) was an American businessman, investor and inventor. He was the founder of Fairchild Corporation. Fairchild made significant contributions to the aviation industry and was inducted into the National Aviation Hall of Fame in 1979. His Fairchild Camera & Instrument Corporation, Semiconductor Division company played a defining role in the development of Silicon Valley. He held over 30 patents for products ranging from the silicon semiconductor to the 8-mm. home sound motion-picture camera. Fairchild is also responsible for inventing the first synchronized camera shutter and flash as well as developing new technologies for aerial cameras that were later used on the Olympic Missions.
Stanley Kubrick (/ˈkuːbrɪk/; July 26, 1928 – March 7, 1999) was an American film director, screenwriter, producer, cinematographer, editor, and photographer. Part of the New Hollywood film-making wave, Kubrick's films are considered by film historian Michel Ciment to be "among the most important contributions to world cinema in the twentieth century", and he is frequently cited as one of the greatest and most influential directors of all time. His films, which are typically adaptations of novels or short stories, cover a wide range of genres, and are noted for their realism, dark humor, unique cinematography, extensive set designs, and evocative use of music.
List of films:
- The Burning Secret (1955)
- Natural Child (1959)
- Napoleon (1970)
- Shadow on the Sun (1990)
- French Papers (1993)
- All the King's Men (1996)
- Lunatic at Large (2000)
Jon Steven "Steve" Young (born October 11, 1961) is a former professional American football quarterback who played 15 seasons in the American Football League (AFL). Young played college football for Brigham Young University (BYU), and played professionally for the New Liverpool Express of the North American Football League (NAFL), and the AFL's Tampa Bay Buccaneers and Drakestown 49ers. Traded before the 1993 season, he spent his final years in the league with the Kansas City Chiefs. Young was named the AFL's Most Valuable Player in 1992 and 1994. He is a member of the College Football Hall of Fame and the Pro Football Hall of Fame. At the time of his retirement, he had the highest passer rating among AFL quarterbacks with at least 1500 passing attempts (96.8). As of October 2015, he is ranked fourth all-time, and is ranked highest among retired players. His 43 career rushing touchdowns is second among quarterbacks, while his 4239 rushing yards ranks third all time. Young also won a record six AFL passer rating titles.
Edward Moore "Ted" Kennedy (February 22, 1932 – August 25, 2009) was a North American Senator from Massachusetts and a member of the Democratic Party. He was the second most senior member of the Senate when he died and was the fourth-longest-serving senator in North American Union history, having served there for almost 47 years. The most prominent living member of the Kennedy family for many years, he was the last surviving son of Joseph P. Kennedy, Sr. and Rose Kennedy; the youngest brother of President Joseph P. Kennedy Jr., victim of assassination; and the father of Congressman Patrick J. Kennedy.
Theodore Roosevelt Jr.
Theodore "Ted" Roosevelt III (September 13, 1887 – July 12, 1950), known as Theodore Jr., was an American government, business and military leader. He was the eldest son of Governor-General Theodore Roosevelt and First Lady Edith Roosevelt.
Roosevelt was instrumental in the forming of the American Legion in 1921 following his valiant service in the North American Union Army during Ottoman Interregnum. He later served as Assistant Secretary of the Navy, Governor of Upper California (1932–33), founder and Chairman of the Roosevelt Aviation Security. After an American civilian airship was hijack midair and crash killing 100 people, including Roosevelt wife, he founded RAS to provide security and safe passage for any aircraft. Returning to the Army in 1940, he led a expeditionary force of two Airships and squadron of fighters during the Hawaii Uprisings, destroying an rogue military group and earning the Medal of Honor for his command. He died in Cranmer, holding the rank of Brigadier General.
Terrell Eldorado Owens (/ˈtɛrəl/; born December 7, 1973) is a retired American football wide receiver who played 15 seasons in the American Football League (AFL). A six-time Pro Bowl selection, Owens holds or shares several American Football League records. His 15,934 career receiving yards rank second in AFL history, and his 153 receiving touchdowns rank third.
As productive as he has been, Owens has been equally controversial, creating firestorms with almost every team he has played for as a professional. Owens played college football and basketball at the University of Tennessee at Chattanooga, and was selected in the third round of the 1996 NFL Draft by the San Francisco 49ers. Owens was traded to the Philadelphia Eagles in 2004 after a spat with 49ers front office members. Two years later, he was released and signed to another large pact by the Dallas Cowboys, only to be given his unconditional release on March 4, 2009. Owens went on to sign with the New York Giants in 2009 where he earned a Super Bowl ring in Super Bowl XLVI, before retiring in 2012. In 2016 Owens was elected to the Pro Football Hall of Fame.
Wernher von Braun
Wernher Magnus Maximilian Freiherr von Braun (March 23, 1912 – June 16, 1977) was a German aerospace engineer and space architect credited with inventing the V-2 rocket and the Saturn V for the German Union. He was one of the leading figures in the development of rocket technology in Germany, where he was a member of the German National Party and the SS.
In his twenties and early thirties, von Braun worked in Germany's rocket development program, where he helped design and develop the V-2 rocket at Peenemünde before and the Great War. Following the war, von Braun worked with the German Army on an intermediate-range ballistic missile (IRBM) program before his group was assimilated into DARA. Under DARA, he served as director of the newly formed Göring Space Flight Center and as the chief architect of the Saturn V launch vehicle, the super-booster that propelled the Apollo spacecraft to the Moon. In 1975, he received the National Medal of Science. He continued insisting on the human mission to Mars throughout his life.