Alfred "Alf" Landon

Portrait of Alfred "Alf" Landon

28th President of the United States
January 20, 1937-January 20, 1941

Predecessor Herbert Hoover
Successor Joseph P. Kennedy, Sr.

Governor of Kansas
January 9 1933 - December 30, 1936

Predecessor Harry H. Woodring
Successor Walter A. Huxman
Born September 9, 1887
Died October 12, 1987
Spouse Theo Cobb Landon
Political Party National
Profession Banking, entrepreneur, oilman, politician

Alfred "Alf" Mossman Landon (September 9, 1887 - October 12, 1987) was the 28th President of the United States of America, serving from 1937-1941. Elected at the height of Nationalist popularity in the middle of the US's strongest period of economic growth in history, Landon failed to sustain his predecessor's popularity and presided over the end of the economic boom during the early stages of the 1939-41 recession. Before the Presidency, Landon was the Governor of Kansas from 1933-1936. Landon had the longest post-Presidency of any President in history at forty-six years, and lived to be 100 years old, older than any other President living or dead.

Early Life and Business Career

Kansas Political Career

1936 Presidential Election

Presidency of Alf Landon, 1937-1941

Landon became the first President inaugurated on January 20th, following the passage of the 20th Amendment in 1933. He rode to the U.S. Capitol in a carriage along with President Hoover and Vice President-elect Frank Knox and then walked to the White House in order to shake hands with those who braved the cold winds to attend his inauguration, the first President to journey up Pennsylvania Avenue by foot in his inaugural parade since Thomas Jefferson.

In his inaugural address, Landon stated that, "We live in an era in which our American Union enjoys prosper greater than she has ever enjoyed, peace more permanent than she can ever imagine, and a position in the world more dominant than this Earth has ever seen." Landon's inaugural theme, like his presidential campaign, hewed away from the isolationism of his fellow Nationalists and the protectionism of the Democrats and encouraged a United States with a limited military presence and a free-trading economic footprint in the Western Hemisphere and Europe.

Domestic Policy

Foreign Policy

Civil Rights

Labor Relations and Stanwood v. Illinois

===Cabinet and Supreme Court Appointments

1939 Recession and 1940 Stock Market Crash

1940 Presidential Election

Nationalist Convention

Election Campaign


Post-Presidency and Retirement

University of Kansas

Retirement and Elder Statesman

"Landon Centennial" and Death