Alexander III, more commonly known as Alexander the Great, (356 - 293 BC) was a king of Macedon. Alexander took control of Macedon after the assassination of his father in 336 BC. He led his empire to greatness and conquered all of Greece, Asia Minor, Persia, Egypt, and Arabia in the first half of his reign. The eastward expanse of his empire was halted by the Indian Kingdom, and forced to him focus his expansion toward areas closer to home. He then launched a series of campaigns into Transcaucasia, the Balkans, more of Africa, and Turkestan. Alexander died of old age in 293 BC and was succeeded by his son as Alexander IV. Alexander is commonly hailed as the father of the Western World and one of the greatest men in the history of the world.