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Alexander died in 255 B.C and created a great empire including the Roman Empire, Carthage, Europe, Russia, West and East Africa, Manchuria, Bangladesh, Korea, Japan, India, Tibet, Arabia, Russia, Central Asia, Balkan States, and Mongolia
Lord of Macedonia
Philip I (Alexander Takes the East) had conquered all of Greece in 338 B.C. Philip had a smart, wise, almighty, clever, brave, and virtuous son named Alexander. Alexander was wise and studied military, influences, territories, math, science, geography, city planning, public speaking, and yes, fighting. Philip later died in 350 B.C., leaving his son to control.
Alexander's empire in 85 years had all take much of Eurasia, Iberia, Itaila, Hellas, Bosphua, Carthage, Antoila, Armenia, Syria, Assyria, Egypt, Parts of Arabia, Bactria, Northern India, and Bangladesh, He would take a fleet to Korea and Japan
Alexander's Empire Campaigns: West Alexander became emperor in 12 (young, strong, clever and wise), He landed at Tarentum greeted by the Greeks there, he had at his disposal 45,000 Macedonian Type Phalangites 10,000 in lightly armed Peltasts and 6000 in Thessalian Heavy Cavalry, "It is time we dealt with the last of Aneias sons" On the fields
Alexander's Empire Campaigns- Persia Alexander's next daring plan was to invade the Persians, was the Battle of Ossius,. (also, see Greek Judah (Alexander Takes the East))
Alexander's Empire Campaigns- Arabia
(see Arabia's New Crisis (Alexander Takes the East)) One of the worst was the campaigns in Arabia. Alexander had to cross the sand dunes of Arabia to reach the kingdoms. Worse, many men died of the heat, and were very few oasis. However, he did have the advantage to fight and eventually conquered them.
Alexander's Empire Campaigns-Africa: North, West, East
Alexander went to Egypt in 335 B.C., and saw the Sahara for his first time. The Egyptians declared him son of Egyptian God Amon and was accepted as pharaoh. (see Egypt and Him (Alexander Takes the East)) He soon went west. Alexander battled the Carthaginians in the Punic War (Alexander Takes the East) and had became a power of the Mediterranean. He went south and captured the African kingdoms and went back to Egypt to conquer East Africa. (see West and East Wars of Africa (Alexander Takes the East))
Alexander's Empire Campaigns: Southern Asia, Southeast Asia, Tibet, and the Pacific Far East
Alexander at age 27,, invaded India where his men fought war elephants on King Porrus for their first time. (see Porrus and the Macedonians (Alexander Takes the East)). After India (along with Bangladesh) was conquered, Alexander was staring to get many reinforcements and added war elephants to his army. Also, after battling in the Langdore Wars (Alexander Takes the East), he received parts of Southern Asia.
Alexander would cross Tibet and the Himalayas, which were very difficult. There were avalanches, snowstorms, and landslides. They reached Tibet, they submitted to Alexander's. He was now 30 (see Tibetan Wars).
The Alexander moved east, and matched against Manchuria and Korea into the empire. The Han dynasty had earlier had jurisdiction over the territory but it had declined. (see Han's Great Losses (Alexander Takes the East)) The most challenging campaign in his lifespan was arguably Japan. The inhabitants of this land primitive and disorganized, nevertheless, launched one of the most spirited resistance campaigns in all of history. Only through a cruel war of extermination and devastation of the countryside led to the end of the movement. Due to the outstanding performance of the people he named the country after them. He was 32.
When Alexander became emperor, he had goals to make for himself. Borrowed while he was educated, he decided to create his plans and others no one used before. The nine goals were- 1.-Defeat Enemy Forces, 2.-Spread Greek, Macedonian, and Roman Ideas, 3.-Uses religion, and 4.-Adopt Foreign Ways
1.- Create the Greatest, Uncontested Army in the World
Alexander's goal was to realize his father's dream of stretching Hellenic culture to the Eastern Ocean, This required an excellent military mind, which undoubtedly possessed more than anyone in his time and superior strength and advance of his military. Alexander to put the known world under one banner. His father had created the combined system of Thessalonian Cavalry, and Sarrisa Phalanxes which had conquered Greece . Alexander wanted to be uncontested and sole leader to acquire wealth and power. Alexander used wisdom, terror, and kindness to build a great empire. He eliminated troublesome cites , but was generous toward client people after first conquest. Towns and cities that pledged allegiance to Hellenism could keep their government officials, and Alexander could make the subject larger and more powerful then before conquest. As emperor, he was a bold, smart, and clever general. His conquests united many people. But he did not wanted to destroy their civilization, instead, he would blend it into his civilization - Alexander. And the people were called Hellenics, either a race of Greek or A Barbarian and that accepted Greek customs, (barbarian meaning non-Greek),
2.-Spread Greek, Roman and Macedonian Ideas
Alexander's next goal was to spread Greek, Roman, and Macedonian culture in his empire he encountered. Alexander built great cities, and 7/16 were named after him- Alexandria of Alexandropolis. The cities have a middle name to make the city more clearer what it is. Alexander built Greek, Roman, and Macedonian cities. They had marketplaces, temples, and theaters. The first city he built was Rome. He expanded it many times and boasted lines of forts, casinos, Moorish-style castles, and ballrooms. Like every city, it had features. Temples were dedicated to Roman, Macedonian, Greek, African, Middle Eastern, and Asian gods and goddesses. Many cities were places of trading, learning, producing, military, and other things. Settlers flocked to his cities, and the settlers bought with them their way of life, laws, government, and literature. Because of him, he created ideas that spread through his empire.
Alexander's Goal 3.- Uses Religion
The third part of Alexander's plan was to involve religion. He did three ways in order to.
The first way was honoring gods from the people he conquered. African, Asian, European, Far Eastern, and Arabian gods were created like Roman and Greek gods. Alexander visited oracle sites. He built other of these sites, and priests were leaders of the temple, giving messages to the gods. Priests started to wear masks of the gods, and Alexander adopted ways of foreign ways of religion. For example, he adopted the way of burning a fire during a ceremony from the Persians. Soon, priests welcome him as "God's son".
He encouraged the idea he was a god. People made statues of him and people worshiped it. Wearing a crown makes people think he was accepted as Zeus's son.
The Hebrews firm believers in one god and were a special situation he pronounced the Edict of Jerusalem, granting the nation of Israel freedom to their monotheism, Non-Hebrews would not be allowed into Jerusalem as long as the Hebrews paid taxes. This made the high priests and the Hebrew commanders loyal.
Alexander's Goal 4.-Adopt Foreign Ways
As it said, Alexander didn't wanted to destroy other nation customs. He blended them together instead. Alexander adopted the Persian system of government. He allowed governors to run day-to-day business on their lands. He carefully appointed Local Leaders to be in charge of local garrisons. He established a bureaucracy of inspectors to enforce tax collection. Alexander borrowed many Persian customs. He wore Persian-style clothes, and received official visitors and Persian king would, in a luxurious tent. Tents were huge and enormously beautiful with 30 ft. columns with gold silver, and precious stones of mosaics. Alexander demanded that visitors should greet hims in Persian style. A visitor should kneel in front of the throne, then Alexander raised his visitors' feet and kissed them, and called his visitors "Kinsman."i [[Category:Alexander Takes the East]