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November 16, 1874
St. Petersburg, Russian Empire
Order of St. George, 3rd class
Order of St. George, 4th class
Order of St. Vladimir, 3rd class
Order of St. Vladimir, 4th class
Order of St. Anna, 1st class
Order of St. Anna, 2nd class
Order of St. Anna, 4th class
Order of St. Stanislaus, 1st class
Order of St. Stanislaus, 2nd class
Admiral Alexander Kolchak commanded the Russian Black Seafleet from 1916, and succeeded in harrying the Turkish navy in the sector until the advent of the Russian revolution brought about his recall and subsequent career fighting the Red Army in Siberia.
Having established a notable reputation following his service during the Russo-Japanese War of 1904-05, Kolchak was appointed a captain with the Baltic Fleet upon the outbreak of war in August 1914. Receiving a series of rapid promotions under Admiral von Essen he was finally appointed commander of Black Sea forces in July 1916, replacing Andrei Eberhardt.
Kolchak made effective use of his growing fleet to establish superiority over Turkish forces in the sector; in particular his large-scale use of mines set in place an effective blockade of hostile shipping in the Sea of Marmara. He also set in place a policy of vigorous bombardment of port facilities and defences, and regularly attacked coastal shipping.
Despite the February Revolution of 1917 Kolchak retained command of Baltic Sea forces until, in July 1917, he was finally ousted by a sailor's Soviet.