|Born|| October 12, 1872 |
|Died|| June 5, 1968 |
|Occupation||Rabbi, military leader, revolutionary|
Alberto ibn Maymun hailed from the prominent Ibn Maymun family of Andalusia, a predominantly Sephardic Jewish family. In 1932, he joined the Royal Andalusian Forces, becoming a member of the 3rd Recruitment Division in Al-Qurtubah where he would promote and recruit young Andalusians to join the armed forces during the reign of Sultan Omar I. During the Moorish Civil War fought between the Royal Andalusian Forces and underground socialist militants, he eventually reached the position of a Recruitment Officer. He would spearhead the military propaganda movement against the socialists. During World War II he fought against the invading Spanish forces supported by Nazi Germany, he led the Maymun Battalions of the army's Southern Command, which consisted mostly of Jewish Andalusians, that fought and protected both Jewish and non-Jewish villages in Andalusia. He is regarded as being the main mastermind behind the decisive Andalusian victories in the southern parts. That, along with Allied support, would provide the foundation for Andalusia's eventual victory against the Spaniards.
After the war, Alberto ibn Maymun became the Political Speaker of Andalusia.
Alberto ibn Maymun was born near the borders of Andalusia and Spain, in Orgiva, a predominantly Jewish neighborhood in the Alpujarras Mountain region of the southern Iberian Peninsula. He was fluent in Judeo-Arabic, Mozarabic, Spanish and had working knowledge of Hebrew.
His father, David ibn Maymun was a silversmith and a banker. His mother operated a kosher bakery and restaurant, where he spent his childhood working with since his father was often in Cordoba doing business.
His uncle, Solomon ben Obadiah ibn Maymun was the chief rabbi of the Andalusian Jewish Community. Born into observant Jews, Alberto's mother would take him to Solomon's home and local Yeshiva many times to do weekly Torah studies where he studied and learned Hebrew. His was also taught Judeo-Arabic, to write spoken Arabic and Spanish in the Hebrew alphabet.
Rise to Rabbinate
Alberto ibn Maymun had been destined to live a religious life. At the age 14, his family made a visit to Ottoman Palestine in the city of Jerusalem, where he lived for approximately two years before returning to Andalusia.
Eventually, his uncle was relocated to Al-Ishbiliya and he succeeded Solomon to become the local chief Rabbi to the Jewish communities of the Alpujarras Region of Andalusia and Spain. He had contact with other Jewish leaders in Spain.
In 1922, his uncle passed away and he succeeded him as the national chief rabbi of the Jewish Communities of Andalusia.
World War II
During the World War II, Alberto ibn Maymun, now a Recruiting Officer, had received notice from Royal Army Scouts that Spanish forces alike were beginning to attack Jewish villages in the Alpujarras Region as a result of Nazi Germany supporting the Spaniards. Therefore, Maymun made a concentrated effort to convince as much Sephardic Jews and Moorish peoples to join the Royal Andalusian Forces.
Andalusians enlisted by the thousands, nearly tripling the size of the Royal Andalusian Forces, who would emerge to have Western Europe's third largest military, and the largest military in the Iberian Peninsula.
General of the Maymun Battalions
Sultan Omar II saw Alberto as a key asset to the defense of Andalusia. Alberto was alarmed by the consistent attacks on the Alpujarras Jewish communities, and eventually fled the city of Al-Sabil to his homeland. In the Alpujarras Region, he formed the Free Maymun Army, a Jewish militant group in Andalusia mean to defend themselves from attacks from the other militant groups whether to be Catholic Republican, Muslim Republican and Royalist. Eventually, he signed a neutrality pact with the Catholic and Muslim factions of the Republican forces.
In 1941, Spain invaded Andalusia. The Alpujarras Region of Andalusia was one of the very first to be invaded as the Spaniards launched their lightning bull attacks on Granada and the surrounding regions.
Ibn Maymun would lead the Maymun Battalions of the Royal Andalusian Forces' Eastern Command.
Ibn Maymun's forces fought against a Spanish army that used state-of-the-art Italian and German technology. Using marksmanship skills, Ibn Maymun's mountain forces overcame the mite of the Italian and German-backed Spanish forces, and forced them to retreat and flee north to invade Andalusia from there.
Andalusian Invasion of Libya
In 1942, President Juan Assad called for Andalusia to help liberate Libya from the Italian and German forces. Assad claimed it was a token of appreciation for the Libyan people's volunteering to help Andalusia's cause. Alberto ibn Maymun was chosen with the job of attacking Italian strongholds in Libya.
Andalusian forces used a mix of American weaponry and captured Spanish and Italian armor to use against the Italian and German forces in Libya.
Andalusia's military successes against the Spanish armies would not thrive against the mite of the combined German-Italian forces. With a force of 20,000, Ibn Maymun's soldiers landed in northern Libya and began to attack Italian strongholds. Despite being held at bay, the Andalusians continued to fight.
Juan Assad later recalled Alberto ibn Maymun, to return to his Alpujarras position.
Alberto ibn Maymun is one of Andalusia's national heroes as a result of his heroic feat during Andalusia's war against Spain.