Albert II
250px-Albert II.jpg
Albert II in 2005
Emperor of France
Reign 28 April 1975 – 30 June 2006 (31 years)
Coronation 5 May 1975
Predecessor Sebastien
Successor Maurice Napoleon I
Spouse Empress Madeleine
Issue Maurice Napoleon I
Prince Napoleon Francois
Full name
Albert Sebastien Charles-Napoleon Bonaparte
House House of Bonaparte
Father Sebastien
Mother Empress Annabelle
Born 4 September 1937
Orleans, France
Died 30 June 2006
Imperial Palace, Paris, France
Burial 3 July 2006

Albert Sebastien Charles-Napoleon Bonaparte (born September 4, 1937; died June 30, 2006), better known by his regnal name, Albert II, was the 10th Emperor of France, reigning from 1975 until his death in 2006. At 31 years, his reign was the fourth-longest in history behind Napoleon I, Louis II, and his father and predecessor, Sebastien. Albert II was known as "Albert the Just" and "the Great Liberal," for his progressive domestic policies and for ushering in an era of openness in France known as the culture libre. However, many Cold War historians are quick to point out that Albert II was considerably more hawkish than his father, considerably more secretive and conducted disastrous overseas military campaigns his father would likely have avoided, and abandoned the gradual policy of detente that had existed in the mid to late 1970's. He was succeeded by his son, Maurice Napoleon I.

Early Life

Work at Foreign Ministry

Crown Prince and Transition of Power

Emperor of the French: 1975-2006

Economic Policy and "The Quarter-Century Vision"

Liberalization of Country and "Culture Libre"

Foreign Policy with Developing World

Cold War Policy

Vietnam and Siamese Wars

Postwar Domestic Policy and 2002 Economic Crisis

Public Image


Diagnosis of Lung Cancer and Illness

Death and Funeral


(from left to right): Crown Prince Maurice Napoleon, Princess Carla, Princess Caroline at Imperial Funeral of Albert II

On June 30, 2006, after many months outside of the public eye, Emperor Albert II of France passed away in the late afternoon while taking a nap at his summer home on the southern coast of France. The Imperial Office released a statement that evening announcing that he had passed away and that Crown Prince Maurice Napoleon Bonaparte would becoming Acting Emperor immediately and be coronated following the Imperial Funeral.

Like all of his ancestors, Albert II was given an Imperial Funeral on July 3rd with full military honors and nearly ten million people flooded the streets to observe his funeral procession travel through Paris from the Imperial Palace to Notre Dame. He lay in state for two days following his funeral mass before being transported by car, once again with over a million in attendance, to the Bonaparte Mausoleum on Montmartre, where he was interred at 8:30 PM between his father, Sebastien I, and elder brother Maurice Louis Napoleon.

At 12:01 PM on July 6th, the period of mourning officially ended and his eldest son was coronated and took the regnal name Maurice Napoleon I.

Succession Period


Funeral procession from Notre Dame to Bonaparte Mausoleum

Maurice Napoleon I's succession period - the one month immediately following coronation in which he grants titles and offices to his political allies and friends - was marked by his offers of positions to members of the Bonaparte family's Edmondian line, which had a latent but known rivalry with the Sebastienite line. Maurice Napoleon I kept his State Minister, Marie Baptiste-Thibodeau, due to her popularity and to ease the transition from one Emperor to the next. As is custom, Maurice Napoleon I did not speak the nation upon his coronation, and gave his first Emperor's Address on July 13th, 2006 from an economic conference in Berlin, in which he outlined his own bold proposals for the French Empire's future.