Albert Camus ( November 7, 1913- April 19, 1971) was a French-Algerian author and EA leader during the Great European Revolt of 1967. Born into a Colon family in French Algeria, he attended the University of Algeria. When the German puppet government in Vichy France declared the communist French People's Republic in 1940, Camus initially supported the government. Within a few months, however, Camus realized the brutaliy of German communism and defected to the French Resistance, where he served on an underground newspaper. After the war, Camus began a prolific literary career, and invented the philosophy of absurdism. In 1957, after winning the Nobel Prize for literature, he was appointed as governor of Algeria, a ceremonial position; after France became an American protectorate in order to heal French pride. Camus continued his literary career, publishing 14 books total. He also sought to heal relations between the French colons and the Arab Algerian population. When the Great European Revolt broke out against the Americans during the height of the Second Spanish-American War, Camus persuaded left-wing Colons and moderate Arabs to ally with the Spanish when they invaded, briefly resulting in an independent Algeria. The alliance fractured after Ba'athist radicals attacked Colon settlements, eventually resulting in an American counteroffensive " Operation Great Plague." Camus was captured in 1968 and sent to prison. He was executed for treason in 1971.
While imprisoned, Camus wrote his last book: The Resistance, which was used as the founding manifesto of his daughter's anarchist group, Joan's Army, which after a campaign of terrorism eventually liberated Europe from American rule